The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, July 20, 1901, Page 2, Image 2

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the luxury of crime. Their trial will
last a long time and they will be put
to much inconvenience, but their
lives will probably not be seriously
jeopardized. Some communities are
more easily and deeply shocked than
others by certain crimes. It would
not be safe for a very rich man to
commit a crime far J rorn the neigh
borhood of a large strong jail and a
determined sheriff. For the com
munity's indignation once aroused
would only, under such circumstan
ces, be appeased by his swaying or
charred body. The community sense
ignores personal considerations of
gain in order to protect Itself from
the lawless. The community is made
up of individuals, but in detestation
of an atrocious, unnatural crime it
is like one absolutelyuninfluenced by
gain. The community on rare prov
ocation is a giant, aroused and re
vengeful. If the fugitive be rich the
social sense is still more indignant and
his shrift is short.
Not so very long ago it was an un
written law, but none the less effec
tive, tLat a father might slay his
daughter's seducer and escape with
his life, or that a husband might kill
his wife's paramour and still go un
punished. Recent trials have shown
that the sentimentality that excuses
murder and lets the murderer go free
no longer affects juries. Men have so
stiffened themselves in regard to the
sacredness of life that even a woman
is not allowed to shoot her betrayer.
That old superstition that a woman
is better than a man is losing its hold
upon juries. And if upon juries,
then upon men. In Kansas a jury
has recently demonstrated its ability
to recognize a brutal murderess and
to recommend punishment, severe, if
not adequately severe. In New Jersey
a wife's belated tale of an assault
incited her fatuous husband to com
mit a murderous assault upon a prob
ably innocent man. The husband
was arrested but was secure in the
belief that no jury would punish a
man for resenting an attack upon the
holiness of his home. The upright
judge who tried the case, refused to
admit any testimony as to why the
husband assaulted the minister and
the long-suffering, sorely tried sense
of justice which has had to yield
for so many centuries to this anoma
lous sentiment in regard to an as
sault upon a woman justifying mur
der, was, at last vindicated. These
two trials are no small satisfaction to
men and women who hare impo
tently contemplated this leng injus
tice, this 'etting a murderess go free,
and hanging a no more brutal mur
derer. Good men are tender to wom
en. They idealize them and a de
signing woman plavs upon the chord
of female helplessness until, what
with her tears and the hysterics of
relatives, the jury is no more than
twelve sympathetic and deeply moved
men. In such an emotional condi
tion it is not difficult for a clever and
magnetic lawyer to convince them
that the prisoner at the bar is a
wronged woman whom it is a mis
take to punish for murder though the
flesh she made clay has been rotting
for a year.
Men have long threatened woman
that that if she insisted upon her
rights they would deny her the cour
tesies they are used to grant her.
Rights are more satisfactory, more
continually applicable to all ages and
to all degreesof beauty and plainness
than courtesies. A woman in the
enjoyment of all human rights is
quite able to dispense with courte
sies. The latter cannot be reckoned
upon. Some men are courteous to
their acquaintances, and discourteous
to their families; some are courteous
to wives, sisters, cousins, aunts and
all their lady friends and brutal to
all unknown, plain women. There
are so many of this latter type, that
it is really more comfortable and
safer for woman not to depend upon
courtesies but to enjoy the certitude
of her rights which can compel a cer
tain legal civility not at all a bad
subsitute for a seat in a crowded car
and a very artificial deference in pub
lic. This modern tendency to try a
murderess as if she were a man is
perhaps a manifestation of the treat
ment which men have threatened to
apply to the new-woman. If so it is a
wholesome result of the struggle for
individualism. The perversion of
justice on account of eex is silly. It
has lasted long enough. It makes
law contemptible by interrupting its
universal application, and it encour
ages crime by excepting some people
from the consequences of crime. This
latest and unexpected result of the
entry of woman into business, the
struggle for the same wages and the
demand for professional recognition,
is altogether desirable. If woman is
to receive the same reward for her
activities and attainments she sliould
be punished for her crimes with, the
same severity applied to her brother
criminals. The consistent new wo
man is satisfied to keep step with her
brother along all his paths. In many
ways she is handicapped, but she is
willing to take her place, without
favors, either for herself or any other
working member of her sex. Courage
and certainty of her election to labor
baffles criticism and unmanly, un
chivalrous ridicule, and the new wo
man is far on her course. She has
gained the right and just increased
her likelihood of being hung, if she
murders, like a man. I like to call
attention to these progressive stages
in the march of woman to complete
emancipation.
A Colored Woman's Federation.
In Buffalo last week three hundred
and fifty delegates to the National
Association of Colored Women of the
United States met and discussed
means by which colored women may
assist in the m6re rapid development
of their race. It was the second bien
nial meeting of the federation and
was an example to white women in
the orderly transaction of business.
Over one hundred organizations of
colored women claiming a membership
of over 10.000 persons were represent
ed, chiefly located in the south. The
association was established five years
ago to aid in the advancement of col
ored women's interests. The presi
dent of the association said in her
address to the delegates: "The dens
er the ignorance and the greater the
degradation of the masses of a people,
the harder should the more favored
portions strive to illumine the minds
and improve the morals of those whom
it is in their power to uplift. The
work of inspiration and illumination
in the south has been directed almost
entirely upon the negro man. Even
white men are somewhat difficult to
civilize from the outside. Take the
manners and morals of a mining camp
composed entirely of white men for
example. The insistent effort of a
good and refined woman upon a man
is the quickest civilizing energy yet
applied. When the colored women of
the south learn the latest system of
child culture, when they make daily
use of the tooth brush and the bath
tub and of the few other essential
tools of civilization, the regeneration
of the southern negro man is in sight.
For the law of selection will leave the
dirty man mateless. A neat, clean
woman, white or black, will not love
a dirty man when she has the choice
of a clean one." The association did
not consider this point. It will prob
ably be ignored in all future meet
ings. Nevertheless such is the source
of enlightenment for the southern
negro.
Religion and State.
The Roman catholics of England are
demanding that when King Edward
VII takes the oath on his coronation
day it shall be so revised as to omit de
nial of the doctrine of transubstan
tiation, which it now contains, and
which every king of England has tak
en since the Test act in the reign of
Charles I. The protestants of Eng
land were at first not disposed to re
sist the demand. A select committee
of the bouse of lords was appointed
to consider if a revision of the denun
ciation of the doctrine contained in
the oath were practicable. The com
mittee has reported and it is recom
mended that the report be referred
back to the committee again. In
that event the correspondents are of
the opinion that no revision of the
oath will be made this year, and if
not before the coronation of King Ed
ward VII, then the agitation is not
likely to be renewed until the acces
sion and coronation of the next king
of England.
The protestants of England and Ire
land are not concerned about the doc
trine of transubstantiation. Not that
at all. Whether the king of England
believes in that or any modern mira
cle is not the question. The protes
tants are afraid of the civil relations
which a catholic king might establish
between England aud Rome or be
tween England and the Pope. Prot
estants are civilly, not religiously,
jealous of Rome. The doctrine of
transubstantiation is insisted upon
by the Pope. Therefore when King
Edward asserts that he does not be
lieve in it, it is essentially a declara
tion of independence of Rome.
Since the publication in the news
papers of the litigation between Bish
op Bonacum and a priest who is. seek
ing in the law courts to retain a
parish which desires him to continue
his ministration, in spite of the Bish
op's excommunication, Nebraska pro
testants comprehend better the feel
ing which makes it impossible in
England to substitute any less em
phatic clause rejecting Catholicism in
the coronation oath of the kings of
England. In the trial it developed
that the Bishop sent a priest from
Lincoln to inform a witness that if
he testified on the side of the excom
municated priest he would shut the
gates of heaven against him. The
Bishop sincerely believes that he is
justified in threatening an earth-dweller
with everlasting punishment. He
is convinced that while dwelling on
earth he has jurisdiction in heaven.
No one from above has ever claimed
lack of jurisdiction in his trials, but
the defendants have fled to the Ne
braska courts. And the judges pro
fess entire ignorance of the Bishop's
district. It is this persistent claim of
supercedence of the church over the
law that creates protestant jealousy.
The latter are afraid of civil aggres
sion on the part of the Pope, and
divided loyalty is treason. To shut
the doors of heaven, so far away, upon
a mortal whose tired feet have not
yet paused at the brink of the river
which divides noise from silence, is
an act the possibility of which it is
impossible for a protestant to com
prehend. In the light of this stupendous
claim it is easier to comprehend the
no-popery riots of England and the
increased excitement of the protestant
majority in England and Ireland
caused by the demand of the catho
lics for the excision from the oath of
the declaration of independence.
Twenty-seven protestant associa
tions in England, Scotland and Ire
land called "The Council of the Im
perial Protestant Federation" have
issue! a petition to the house of lords
asking that no change whatever be
made in the oath without the ex
plicit assent thereto of the British
people expressed by means of a gen
eral election.
Colonel Sandys, M. P. who present
ed the memorial, admits that, if the
King's declaration were intended as
an insult to Roman catholic subject
of the British Crown, it could not be
justified. Colonel Sandys, however,
insists that it is not intended as an
insult.but as a neccessary safeguard of
England's civil and religious liberties.
The Imperial Protestant Federation
holds that, if Englishmen are to re
tain their civil and religious liberties
uninjured, "it is absolutely essential
to have a Protestant king, who must
be one, not in name only, but in re
ality, and, therefore, It is provided by
the Bill of Rights that he shall do
some public protesting against Rome
as a specimen and an evidence of his
Protestantism." This public protest
ing against Rome is done in the
King's declaration, as it stands at
present.
It is pointed out in this petition
that the Tablet, the Roman catholic
newspaper owned by Cardinal
Vaughan, lately described the rejec
tion of the dogma of transubstantia
tion contained in the royal declara
tion as, so to speak, "the Hag of pro
testantism nailed over the threshold
of the throne, and on the very apex
of the British Constitution." Ac
cepting the correctness of the de
scription, the Imperial Protestant
Federation says, "Let us keep the
good old protestant flag waving!''
And it goes on to demand that "No
papal gag shall be placed in the
mouth of the King of England.
A Humour Test.
A man with a reputation for hu
mour strong enough (the reputation)
perhaps to last a decade, recently con
tributed a story to one of the maga
zines. It was a successful story judg
ing from the number of exchange
editors who clipped it from the maga
zine and reprinted it in their papers.
It is now pronounced a test for a
sense of humour. The individual
who cannot see the point is adjudged
lacking in this sense, a quality most
essential to sanity and sound judg
ment. The sentence which the fun
ny man thought of, the point to the
story, is contained in this sentence:
"Nothing looks worse on a rainy day
than a walking skirt." A specialist
in detecting the presence of a sense
of humour says that the point of this
is so deftly concealed that no one.,,
possessing an undeveloped sense of v
humour is able to see it. and that
very few women can appreciate it.
It is gratifying to be offered an in
fallible proof by which we may dis
cover whether we belong to the large,
comfortable average or to the un
comfortable, cranky oddities who can
do one or two things surpassingly
well by ignoringiome ties and rou
tine work of all kinds. Any kind
reader of these pages who sees the
fun in the rainy day joke is invited
to write this department. I shall be
very glad to publish a key to this
joke. To be sure It can then no long
er be used as a test in assaying a
sense of humour, but the genius who
invented this one might be driven by
the necessities of the case to invent
another. As soon as the interpreta
tions are received they will be print
ed and it is sincerely hoped that
among them will be some which are
the work of woman's unassisted intellect.