The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, June 22, 1901, Page 3, Image 3

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demonstrate something and, like the
children in the child study classes,
they object.
The labor unions arc tyrannical and
foment discontent. The molder's
union in Dayton seized upon the
slight discontent, caused by the suspi
cion that they were being used to
demonstrate something and induced
the Cash Register operatives to strike
though they had no grievance they
dared to lay before an arbitration
committee of their own number and
still less before the national president
of the union.
Lord George Hamilton, secretary
for Indian affairs, in a recent letter
to a friend, says that the; reason that
American competition is growing
more and more dangerous is that we
are yearly improving and extending
the product ani that we can do this
because the trades unions in Ameri
ca do not limit; production as they do
in England. One of the leading Lon
don newspapers commenting on Lord
Hamilton's letter says: "We aflirm
our conviction that to the ignorance
and tyranny of trades unions the de
cline of our manufacturing suprem
acy is primarily due. We have no
hesitation in saying that the methods
employed by trades unions today are
thoroughly unscrupulous and dis
honest." The London Globe says:
'In the next few years the contest be
tween American and English manu
facturers will be most stringent, and
unless the methods of unionism as
practised in this country are modi
fied, the Americans will beat us out
of the field." It cannot be otherwise
while the leaders of the working men
believe that to increase the profits of
labor the output must be restricted,
and the lazy and inefficient workmen
be forcibly retained in employment.
These are only two English papers
but it is said by those who read a
number that a large number of Eng
lish papers are denouncing the tyran
ny of trades unions and the harm
they have done English commerce.
English manufacturers are so
thoroughly alarmed by the loss of
business to American manufacturers
that unless the trades unions conduct
their negotiations more carefully and
reasonably foreign nations will get
the business that it has taken a cen
tury of American energy and tireless,
undaunted effort to secure, Strikes
like that of the building trades in
Chicago which was as unreasonable
as the Cash Register strike, uproot
the sympathy of the people for trades
unions, and injure business. The
building trades strike in Chicago
drove about 200,000 carpenters, ma
sons, and other workmen employed
in building, from the city, and en
tirely stopped all building in Chi
cago for a year. The simple state
ment of the complete stoppage of
building in a city the size of Chicago,
conveys little idea of the inevitable
inconvenience, financial loss and ter
rible suffering caused by such inertia.
If American workmen continue to
take part in strikes like those at Day
ton and at Chicago they will kill the
goose that lays the golden egg and a
wail will fill the country from work
men and employes alike, like that
which is sounding through England
It is much more difficult to recover
business than it is to hold it. We have
the ball now for the first time since
the first Puritan fleet dedicated Ply
mouth Rock. The last year of the
nineteenth century and the first year
of the twentieth is an American
epoch of historical distinction. Since
the independence of this country was
recognized we have been steadily ap
proaching the commercial supremacy
which we have just attained. The
epoch marks the triumph of Ameri
can invention and of new-world pa
tience and endeavor. The continu
ance of the triumph is seriously
threatened by the arrogance and tyr
anny of trades unionism. The trusts
are a combination hard to bully and
their growth and power may counter
balance the power and arrogance of
the trades unions. Trade, like the
departments of the national govern
ment, has counterbalancing bodies;
and if one body increases in strength
and importance its coordinate mys
teriously increases in weight and im
portance. This phenomenon is dem
onstrated by the trusts and trades
Edited by Miss Helen 6. Harwood
OO0M00l0il000f OOOOC00000
The Review and Art club of York en
tertained one hundred and fifty guests
at its third annual garden party last
week Wednesday. Mrs. P. B. Daggy
was the hostess. The lawn was supplied
with seats and hammocks, musicians
were stationed in the house, and ices
were served to the guests.
The two hundredth anniversary of the
founding of Yale university will be cele
brated next fail. In addition to the
musical and literary features of the cel
ebration there will be a torchlight pro
cession, in which the senior class will be
'-disguised as Indians, to recall the
founding of the college in the early
days of Connecticut;" other classes will
represent regiments of continental
troops, a regiment of Rough Riders of
the Spanish-American war, tho crew
of the United States cruiser "Yale," and
a delegation from the Filipino body
guard of Governor William H. Tatt.
Radcliffe college, connecto'd with
Harvard university, had this year her
first Indian student. She is the daugh
ter of a sub-chief of the Pannawabskik
tribe, and answers to the name of Wah-ta-Waso,
which in plain American means
"Bright Eyes." At the age of twenty
she has accomplished more in the Eng
lieh branches than many high school
girls at the same age. Haughty as the
traditional Indian, she is determined
that previous condition shall not inter
fere with her ambition. On the books
of the university Bhe will be known as
Lucy Nicola.
noli; lectures and addresses, Mrs. C. II.
Bohn, Mt. Pleasant; chairman of execu
tive committee, Professor Fred Wimber
ly, Waterloo. Tho Ottumwa Woman's
club will unite with the musicians of
that city in an effort to securo tho meet
ing of tho convention noxt year. At
the second mooting of tho now board
last week Thursday tho club decided to
sell tickets to tho amount of 8100.00,
since this sum is required before tho in
vitation to tho association can be ox-tended.
Governor Yates has appointed Miss
Belle Hyman of Chicago a trustee of
the Illinois Homo for the Blind. Al
though blind since the ago of four years,
Miss Hyman is an accomplished musi
cian and linguist, and is woll known for
her enthusiastic efforts to benefit the
poor and sightless.
The second school for crippled child
ren will soon be opened by tho Chicago
board ot education. One hundred and
sixty children of this class will then bo
cared for and transported to and from
their homes each day.
Fifty-fivo placos to be used as play
grounds this summer have been provided
by the New York board ot education.
Of these forty are in public schools, fif
teen in parks, vacant lots, recreation
piers and on roofs, and each playground
is provided with games and gymnastic
apparatus and is in charge ot a teacher.
In addition to these playgrounds forty
five free kindergartens are open half ot
every day. Twelve evening playcentera
also are furnished. No regular school
work is carried on in any of these
places, but lessons in kindness to ani
mals and in politeness and kindness to
each other will be impressed.
A hospital for women and children
has recently been established in Denver.
This hospital will be controlled by wo
men physicians and surgeons and will be
managed by a board ot fifteen directors,
twelve of whom are women, and seven
of the twelve are practicing physicians.
The object is to provide competent phy
sicians and surgeons of their own eex to
suffering women, and to train nurses for
practical service.
Tho sixth annual convention of tho
Iowa Musical association will bo held in
Waterloo Juno 25-29. The officers of
the association are Frank Nagel of Des
Moines, president; Miss Frances Wy
man of Burlington, first vice president;
Mr. Charles H. Bohn of Mt. Pleasant,
secretary and treasurer. Following iB
the program committee: Piano, Dr. A.
Rommeli, Mt. Pleasant, and Henry
Ruifrok, Des Moines; vocal, Alexander
Emslie, Indianola, anJ Grant Hadley,
Des Moines; violin, Arthur Heft, Des
Moines, and Mendell Heighton, Des
Moines; organ, Rossiter G. Cole, Grin-
It is exceedingly difficult for a woman
graduate of pharmacy to secure a posi
tion. Many women are successfully
managing their own pharmacies, how
ever, and the number is rapidly increas
ing, especially in tho small towns. One
woman in New York has conducted a
pharmacy without assistance for three
years. Her husband died, leaving her
with a baby, a littlo corner drug store
in a quiet residence neighborhood and a
debt equal to more than the value of
the store. During their ' married life
she had assisted her husband in the
store. Upon bis death she secured a
coach and in the time between August
and February prepared herself suffic
iently to pass the examination before
the state board of pharmacy. "I have
customers now," said Bhe,"who have told
me that it was six months or a year
after I started here before they would
tru6t me to put up a prescription for
them. The first year it was a question
whether I would sink or swim. But I
have supported myself and my child for
three years, and got so far through my
debt that I can see tho end of it. And
my etoro is 20 per cent better stocked
now than when I began. There is no
profession in which I could have done
what I have in this store in the first
thiee years. Of course, I practically
never step out of the store. I am in it
from seven in the morning till eleven at
night. I live in the room behind, and I
never eat a meal without jumping up to
come front. I never make a visit or go
on an excursion. I have had neither
relaxation nor amusement for three
years and I never can have until I am
able to employ a clerk."
The Clean City club of Chicago was
organized by Miss Gertrude Howe, head
of the kindergarten and club work at
Hull House, about eight weeks ago.
This ciub has a membership of three
hundred children, every one ot whom
Miss Howe knows by name. Each mem
ber is pledged to pick up and destroy at
least one piece of waste paper every day.
During the first month of the club's ex
istence the club members numbered
only 120, yet 150,000 pieces of paper
were picked up and destroyed in the
twenty-two blocks which are under the
supervision ot the Clean City club. A
Bub-committee and chairman aro ap
pointed for every block. It is tho duty
of tho chairman to Bee that that the
work in his particular block is properly
accomplished and to report delinquents
and causes of untidinoea to the club
president, Miss Howe. Tho club mem
bers lange in ago from five to fifteen
years, and a kindergarten branch will
be enlisted very soon. That great en
thusiasm is felt in the work is shown by
the fact that one little girl nine years
old picked up and destroyed over 1,000
pieces of papers during the first week of
her club membership. Tho papers are
usually put into the nearest garbage
box, though in a few instances bon
fires have been made of them by the
children. A shed for the storage of
waste paper is under seriouB considera
tion. In this way considerable revenue
might be derived from tho sale of ths
paper, and since tho members are large
ly recruited from the Hull House play
room and from other clubs of which
Miss Howe is president, the money thuB
received would most appropriately bo
used for the support of Hull House.
The club meetings are decidedly inter
esting. At every meeting reports are
made by each sub-committe chairmen
regarding the amount of work accom
plished since the last meeting. The
work of any member who has done un
usually well or unusually little iB dis
cussed, with the reasons for the excep
tional character cf the work, after which
general questions of street improvement
and betterment are talked over by ail
the children with, perhaps, a short talk
from some recognized authority on
street necessities and conditions. A
better neighborhood for this paper
picking experiment could not bo found
than the one in which null House is
located. Papers and debris of almost
every kind are thrown into the streets
all day long by careless persons. Yet at
four o'clock in the afternoon, half an
hour after the Clean City club members
get out of school, scarcely a paper can bo
seen. The Hull House door bells rings
continually, after that time, in answer
to the eager pulling of club members
who nave gathered up papers which
they wish the Hull House residents to
burn or otherwise dispose of.
. i' I
Mrs. Frank Griffrow of Sterling, Illi
nois, is the regularly appointed mail
carrier on the star route between Ster
ling and Milledgeviile. Mrs. Griffrow
secured a new wagon and a Bpinted
team and will carry paesengers and
merchandise in addition to the mail.
She will drive thirty miles every day and
will receive $120 a year for her service
as mail carrier. Another Sterling wo
man, Miss Ethel Wahl, is substitute
carrier for the three rural free delivery
mail routes out out of Sterling.
Miss Elizabeth Kenmuir of McKeea
port, Penn., enjoys the distinction
of being the youngest girl who has ever
received a permanent teacher's certifi
cate in Pennsylvania. Though barely
twenty years old. Miss Kenmuir has
taught school in her native town since
St. Paul, Minn., has a city hall and
court house commission whose fund of
common sense is a credit to the entire
city. A woman was employed at $40 a
month to do the scrubbing. The jani
tors' salaries were S5o a month, and the
commission decided that Bince the wo
man did as much work as any one of the
men, her salary should be increased to
255 a month.
The Dscussing of the Dome.
The Renaissance club held its last
mooting of the season in Fairmount park
Every member came laden with a small
!M i