The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, April 20, 1901, Page 4, Image 4

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i-uiicu uy iiiiao ncjcu vs. nanvuuu.
Board Meeting.
A meeting of the board of directors of
the General Federation of Women's
clubs was held at Washington, D. C,
February 27th and 28th, 1001.
The meetings were presided over by
Acting President Denison.
The members in attendance were:
Mrs. Rebecca Douglas Lowe, Mrs. Dim
ies T. S. DeniEon, Mrs. Emma A. Fox,
Mrs. George W. Kendrick, Jr., Mrs. Ed
ward L. Buch waiter, Mrs. William T.
Coad, Mrs. Cornelia C. Fairbanks, Mrs.
Mary Smith Lockwopd, Mrs. Lora
Rockwell Priddy and Mrs. Anna D.
Mrs. Denison was made assistant
chairman of the program committee.
Mrs. Wiles, of the program committee,
was in Washington and met with Mrs.
Priddy, chairman, Mrs. West and Mrs.
Denison. Nothing definite as to the
program of the sixth biennial is au
nounced as yet, except that it was de
cided to devote one evening to music.
Mrs. Kelly, chairman of the commit
tee on industrial problems, and Mrs.
Brockway, chairman of the art commit
tee, were both present and submitted
the plans of their respective committees
to the board. Circulars to be prepared
by each of these committees are sent to
each club.
The report of the educational com
mittee sent by Miss Sabin was read.
A reciprocity committee was agreed
upon, and the executive committee was
instructed to admit no secret societies
to membership in the General Federa
tion. Mrs. Buchwalter was made chairman
of a biennial committee, whose duties
for the sixth biennial are to be inde
pendent of those of the program com
mittee instead of having the entire
arrangements under one committee as
heretofore. .
The board endorsed the action of the
Wednesday club of St. Louis and .the
Missouri federation of Women's clubs
in proposing Mrs. Philip N. Moore of
St. Louis as a member of the board of
managers of the World's Fair to be held
in St. Louis in 1903 in celebration of the
one hundredth anniversary of the Lou
isiana Purchase.
It was decided to restrict the use of
cards of introduction issued by the Gen
eral Federation.
The women of California have been
v?ry earnest in their efforts to convince
the board that it was not only for the
interest of that state, but equally for
the interest of the General Federation,
that the sixth biennial should be held
in Los Angeles. The railroad authori
ties, presumably at the request of the
California women, gave to the board the
rates which they would make for visit
ors to the biennial should it be held in
Los Angeles in 1002.
The board weighed the pros and cons
very carefully, and on the last day of
their meeting voted to accept the in
vitation from Los Angeles. The month
of holding the meeting is not yet deter
mined. Several protests were received in re
gard to the action of the board in laying
on the table the motion to admit the
club of colored women to membership in
the General Federation, A motion to
take from the table was lost, the board
feeling that it was wiser to allow the
larger number assembled at a biennial
to first express an opinion.
After a serious consideration of the
question in al! -its bearings, but not
wishing to bring the question before
the next biennial unless the clubs
should desire to discuss end vote upon
, the board decided 18 request all clqbs
and state federations belonging to the
General Federation to consider the ques
tion of admitting clubs of colored wom
en to the General Federation and be
prepared to vote on the auestion at the
sixth biennial should it be presented.
The committee on reincorporation re
ported progress, but desired further
An invitation to hold the next meet
ing of the board in Topeka was received.
The time and place of the next meet
ing was left to the president.
The Ashland Woman's club closed a
year's course in the study of Hamlet,
April the eleventh, with a Shaksperian
recital, at the hospitable home of Mrs.
Alex Laverty. After a few happily
chosen words of welcome to invited
guests by the President, Mrs. Von
Mansfelde. the curtain rose revealing
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, reciting
the soleloquy. Mrs. Fred White who
was the impersonator received the
unanimous commendation of the audi
ence. The twenty different characters
portrayed from Shakspere were all of
merit and deserving of mention, show
ing that the study of Sbakspere has
awakened a deep and more lasting in
terest than eve u I he program committee
anticipated; In Lady Macbeth, Mrs.
Overholt clearly gave the complex
character, the wickedly ambitions,
women and the strong and true wife.
The Ashland Woman's club owes much
to the courage and energy of Mrs.
Laverty and Mrs. Overholt, each a host
in herself. After the literary feast the
humau companionship was deepened by
a feast which was called "supper" and
while the April rain made the night
dreary without, within there was merri
ment and good cheer.
The Woman's club of York met Mon
day, April the fifteenth, with various
historical points for a subject.
The Woman's club of Fairbury has
voted to invite the state federation to
meet in Fairbury in 1902. The follow
ing program was given by the club on
April the sixteenth: Business; response,
Duty; Instrumental solo, Anna Griffin;
Paper, Methods and means of making
our town more attractive, Mrs. A. .
Thomas; Instrumental duet, Mrs. Perry
and Miss Tolleth; Address, iiayorllar
tigan; Talk, Mr. George Hansen; Vocal
solo, Miss Powers; Refreshments.
The Auburn Woman's club enjoyed
during the last days of March the fol
lowing musical program:
A Narcissus Nevin
B Etude aG Wollenhaupt
Miss Minnie Hay
Greeting Hawley
Miss Myrtle McGrew
Russian Dance Leschetizky
Professor Smith
Kentucky Home
Messrs Stevens, Dawley,
Filley and Robinson
Valse Styrrenne Wollenhaupt
Miss Gardner
The Moon is Bright
Misses McGrew and Gillan
Messrs. Simpson and McGrew
Piano selection
Professor Smith
The ladies of the Episcopal church
gave a tea last Saturday afternoon at
the home of Mrs. Rhodes. Mrs. Camp
bsll, Mrs. Wright, Mrs. Rathbone, Miss
Murphy, Miss Hoover and Miss Hollow
bush furnished the music. The after
noon was a success financially and so
cially. Each guest was presented with
a souvenir.
The general meeting of the Columbus
Woman's club convened Saturday after
noon, April the sixth, the art depart
ment having the meeting in charge.
After the regular business of the month
and rail call, Mrs. Garlow and Mrs.
Freicjig rendered a Tocal duet. Mrs. Yf
C.Phillips of Lincoln then addressed
the club on the subject of "Art's Prac
tical Influence for Good." The sub
stance of her argument was that the
love and cultivation of the beautiful, bb
seen in nature, is necessary to our hap
piness. The address was listened to
with interest by all present. Mrs. Phil
lips was the guest of relatives, the Tur
ner family, whilo in the city.
The Domestic Reform League of Bos
ton has been preparing and sending out
documents this winter concerning the
various perplexing questions of house
hold service. These pamphlets have
presented many practical suggestions
and there has been a great demand for
The Aldine club met on Monday
afternoon with Mrs. Schwake. The Al
dine club has devoted the year to the
study of Egyptian history. On Mon
day Miss Jennie Smith lectured on the
sixth dynasty of Egypt.
The Nineteenth Century club met
with Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Usher on Mon
day evening. Messrs. and Mssdames
Bignell, Guenzel, Hoover, Quiggle, Rich
arde, Foster, Sharpe, Harris, Garroutte,
Stevens, and Mr. Foster were the
Doctor Davenport entertained the
Round Table oc Monday evening. Dr.
Hindman discussed Christian Science.
Sorosis met on Tuesday at the home
of Mies Anna Miller. Mrs. W. G. L.
Taylor gave a thoroughly 'interesting
and scholarly address on "Trusts." The
discussion following was entered into
with freedom and animation on the
part of the members. Mrs. Taylor's
outline was as follows:
1. Different causes assigned to ac
count for the existence of trusts,
a. Trusts, the inevitable product
of industrial evolution, b. Trusts,
brought about by the conditions
of destructive competition, c.
Trusts, an effort to secure the
economies that arise from combi
nations of capital, d. Trusts, as
the result of special privileges,
control of transportation, tariff,
patent lawe, etc. e. Trusts, as
monopolies obtained through dis
honest representations.
II. Brief history of the formation of
trusts, a. The earlier and well
known trusts, such as Standard
Oil, Sugar, Whiskey, etc. b. The
"industrial" movement since 1898.
III. The process of forming trusts, a.
The work of promoter and finan
cier, b. The basis of capitaliza
tion, c. Methods of organization
and management.
The effects of the trusts unon: a.
Manufacturers, b. Laborers, c.
Consumers, d. Stockholders, e.
The general public.
Remedies, a. On the theory of
competition, b. On the theory of
controlled monopolies.
The installing of Mary Big Buffalo
as chief of the Cheyenne Indians, the
first Indian woman who ever acted in
this capacity, is somewhat startling and
evidence possibly of a Frenchman's
theory, that the woman epoch is a
regular, natural occurrence every bo
often during the centuries, this century,
of course, being by far the most impor
tant and progressive. The woman move
ment or club movement has not yet
gone far enough to have perceptibly in
fluenced Indian tribes. The recognition
of this woman's ability and the estab
lishment of her power Beems to be un
accounted for except as a spontaneous
action on the part of the Cheyennes.
diary Big Buffalo, in her officiafposi-
tion, attends not only to all the business
of the tribe, but she will also act as
chief medicine man or woman for the
Cheyenne tribe. She claims direct gifts
from the Great Spirit. It was she who
proposed the plan of having all her peo
ple go to Mexico and live and when she
found the United States government op
posed the arrangement, she called tho
Cheyennes together and told them that
she had received word from the Great
Spirit saying that it would be better for
them to remain on their present reserva
tion. Only a few white people were per
mitted to witness the installation which
took place on the reservation near Dar
lington. For three days before the
event Mary remained in seclusion com
muning with good spirits and sending
encouraging messages to' her tribe.
During this time the thirty medicine
men were 'making mysterious prepara
tions to initiate ber into the rites of
their order. They erected, tents around
the royal tepee and fasted for three days
while the common Indians gathered on
the dancing ground, feasting upon the
provender- that Mary supplied them
with in plenty.
One night Big Snake, chief of the
medicine men came out very weak from
fasting to announce that all was ready
for recogniziog the nsw chief. The In
dians were busy all night painting them
selves and singing songs. At sunrise
Big Snake called in a loud voice:
"Woman come forth, Cheyenne tribe
who never show white man fear have
choose a squaw for big warrior, but
squaw is brave. She had brave buck.
Sue knew Great Spirit She make good
Mary Big Buffalo came out very weak
almost pale from her long fast. After a
long ceremony of weird songs and the
blowing of medicine whistles, tho In
dians eujoyed a feast, the gift of the
new chief.
Mary Big Buffalo will have power to
make treaties and sell land of the tribe,
but will not have the authority to pun
ish criminals or administer any form of
justice to offenders.
The Florida federation has increased
during the last year from eight to ten
clubs with a membership of over flit
hundred women The committee on
Birds has a particular field in Florida
and is making an earnest effort to pro
tect the birds of the state. The educa
tional committee has undertaken to
secure more thorough examinations of
teachers, higher qualifications of officers,
the appointment of women on school
boards and is attempting to do away
with political influence in school mat
ters. Attention is being paid to the
need of kindergartens. The village im
provement department is also doing
good work. Mrs. W. W. Crummer is
president of the federation.
The educational work of the Alabama
feleration has resulted very beneficially
to the state. The federation has as
signed this phase of its work to one gen
eral and three special committees. The
latter are kindergarten, Girls' Industrial
school and Boys' Reformatory. These
committees were formed with the pur
pose of establishing such institutions as
the titles suggest. The legislature pas
sed bills in support of each effort, chief
ly through the work of the committees.
The Boys' Refoimatory school is the re
sult of federation work and is now un
der the control of a board of women.
The president of the federation is Mrs.
J.D. Wykerof Decatur and the cor
responding secretary is Mrs. J. C. Hil
dretb, New Decatur.
The New England conference of wo
men's clubs was held in Boston during
Thursday and Friday of last week.
From three hundred and fifty to four
hundred club women were present. The
original purpose of the mating as