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About The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1900)
glc, the shrinking fiom ineffectual
competition, and the desire to insure
an income, however small to their
families. Though a permanent in
corrigible office-seeker is not a high
type, commercial conditions are re
sponsible for him and for hid rapid
propagation. But meanwhile hats oil
to and no jealousy towards the man
who has conquered by force, persis
tency and readiness for the oppor
tunity that comes to everyone and is
grasped by so few.
The Bulwark of Democracy.
The public schools of the District
of Columbia as a part of the system
of the great Republic have been in
vestigated. On complaint of many
parents and employers of the gradu
ates of the public schools of the Dis
trict that they murdered English and
could not do simple sums in arith
metic, the sub committee of the sen
ate committee on the District ar
ranged asimple set of questions on
arithmetic, geography and history.
Pupils in the first year of the high
school were selected for the examina
tion and the report of the committee,
after the papers were examined con
firmed the worst that the employers
of the graduates had ever said about
them. "Less than a third of the high
school pupils could pass the ordinary
examinations for clerical positions
established by the Census Bureau or
the Civil Service Commission not
withstanding the fact that these
pupils have finished their instruction
in arithmetic." In history these pu
pils (first year high school) began the
study in the third grade, they study it
through the fourth and fifth, in the
sixth they use four text books of his
tory, in the seventh they study Unit
ed States history from the time of the
Revolution and begin English history
in the eighth grade. The answers to
the history questions are especially
Give a brief account of the Puritans
or of the Pilgrims:
"Pilgrims were called pilgrims be
cause they pilgrimed and journed."
"The pilgrims prayed for providence
which was at times granted to them."
"The exiles from england were called
Pilgrims after the rocky coast of Ply
mouth upon which they landed."
"The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth
rock early in the spring in a small boat
called the May-Flower. .When they
landed they were few in number. Be
ing opposed to the weather they died.
Their clothing was not very thick for
winter and their shelter did not pro
tect the cold wind, rain and enow from
Name the three branches into which
the Government of the United States is
divided, and state in general the duty of
"The juditial is the disobeyers of
The jupicial is vested in the attor
neys and the clerks.'
"The Judicuary department explains
"The Judicial body is to look after
wills orphans &c."
"The Judical consists congressman
formed into a body and is called con-
"The Senate, the House of Repersent-
ersPopulary Assembly are the three
into which the government of the Unit
ed States is divided."
'The Government of the United
States is divided into three principal
branches Financial, State and In
terior.' "The three branches into which the
Govennment of the U S is divided is
the House of Representatives Senate
and the Legislature."
"The Interior Department has charge
of the agricultural conditions of the
country making of roads for national
uses and the improvement of our Army
"The Government of the United
States is divided into three branches;
the House, the Senate and the Legis
lative Committee, consisting of Presi
dent. Vice President and Cabinet. The
President writes out his plans with help
of Cabinet and sends it to the House
and Senate, where they approve or dis
approve just as they think best.''
It is discouraging for the people to
find out that after they have spent
their money for school buildings, the
latest sanitary plumbing, uniformed
janitors, and books from the School
Book Publishing Trust and doled ut
what was left to teachers, that the
pupils know so little. The public
schools have a reputation of being the
bulwarks of freedom and in some way
only completely understood by ora
torical candidates who desire to em
phasize their devotion to American
institutions, they are. They may
teach devotion to a republican form
of government. It has been demon
strated by examinations held in all
parts of the country that they do not
convey a working kaowledgD of writ
ing, arithmetic, geography and gram
mar. Stevenson's Letters.
It is an old fashion and a new one
to prove the world is going to the
dogs, that genius is madness and
transmittable only as neurasthenia.
Gloom has her volubte children every
where. We are all grateful to a
genius who remembers his dut7 to
the uninspired and the coramonplac,
who treads under foot all repining,
who makes light of suffering, who
with no religion except the love of
humanity keeps the "lower lights
burning." The Letters of Stevenson,
edited by Sydney Colvin, are those of
an invalid who refused an invalid's
perquisities or immunities. He was
a successful self-made man, though
he never boasted of it. Suffering
from hemhorages which wou'd have
spilled the courage nf a less courag
ious man, be married and supported
by his writing, a wife and a stepson.
He wrote an incredible number of
stories, essays and poems long after
other men would have been dead.
He did more than preach the some
times severe duty of cheerfulness, he
practised it. He wrestled with sick
ness and pain all his life, and did bis
work too. His noble, loving spirit is
shown in the letters. They are to
those who already love the novelist
like the command of a beloved cap
tain to charge the enemy. His path
was steeper than ours, his pains were
sharper, but his jests ne.'er faltered
and he carried the burdens of strong
er but less spirited and less generous
comrades. It is not exactly a duty
to read the Letters but everyone who
reads them will be strengthened, em
boldened and purified to do his duty
and look pleasant, when the vice
closes in a grip that frightens the
"What Mr. Howells says is true that
"as a people we are imperfectly mon
ogamous." Ethnological observation
of tribes and nations indicates that
the specialization or separation of
men into families is one of tLc meas
ures of civilization. The world is
very old and the conclusion on which
marriage laws are based, is fairly
demonstrable. Savage, civilized and
semi-civilized man may be measured,
more or less imperfectly, by their
marriage laws. Of course, man's
obedience to them is not slavish but,
as the prohibitionists urge in regard
to whiskey, the law is an encourage
ment to temperance.
Eliot Hubbard in the Philistine,
preaches a doctrine that has been ad
vocated from time to time by men
and women who believe that because
the bird ot time is on the wing and
has only a little time to flutter, it is
best to fill the cup and in the fire of
spring fling the winter-garment of re-
"GRANDM1THER, THINK NOT I FORGET."
(WillaSibert Cather,in April Critic)
Grandmitner, think not I forget, when I come back to town,
An wander the old ways again an' tread them up an' down.
I never smell the clover bloom, nor see the swallows pass,
Without I mind how good ye were unto a little lass.
I never hear the winter rain a-pelting all night through,
Without I think and mind me of how cold it falls on you.
And if I come not often to your bed beneath the thyme,
Mayhap 'tis that I'd change wi' ye, and gie my bed for thine.
Would like to sleep in thine.
I never hear the summer winds among the roses blow,
Without I wonder why it was ye loved the lassie so.
Ye gave me cakes and lollipops and pretty toys a score,
I never thought I should come back and ask ye now for more.
Grandmitner, gie me your still, white hands, that lie upon your breast,
For mine do beat the dark all night and never find me rest ;
They grope among the shadows an' they beat the cold black air,
They go seeldn' in the darkness, an' they never find him there,
An' they never find him there.
Grandmitner, gie me your sightless eyes, that I may never see
His own a-burnin' lull o' love that must not shine for me.
Grandmitner, gie me your peaceful lips, white as the kirkyard snow,
For mine be read wi' burnin' thirst, an' he must never know.
Grandmitner, gie me your day-stopped ears, that I may never hear
My lad a-singin' in the night when I am sick wi' fear:
A-singin' when the moonlight over a' the land is white
Aw God 1 Fll up an' go to him a-angin' in the night,
A callin' in the night.
Grandmither, gie me your clay-cold heart that has forgot to ache,
For mine be fire within my breast and yet it cannot break.
It beats and throbs forever for the things that must not be
An' can ye not let me creep in an' rest a while by ye ?
A little.Iass afeard o' dark slept by ye years agone,
An' she has found what night can hold 'twist sunset an' the dawn.
So when I plant the rose an' rue above your grave for ye,
You'll know it's under rue an' rose that I would like to be,
That I would like to be.
pentance. A fastidious taste is sub
ject to change. The choice of six
teen is not the choice of thirty. Sa
tiety, sicknpss, selfishness, drives a
healthy, intellectual mate to other
comrades. All this,, which Js not
much is urged by Mr. Hubbard as
reason enough for promiscuity. The
experience of the old, old world and
the few laws it has evolved from ten
thousand years or more of living
does not affect Mr.Hnbbard's satisfac
tion with his solution of unsatisfactori
ly mated pairs. Mr. Reedy, the edit
or of the St. Louis Mirror, reviews Mr.
Hubbard's opinions and doctrine from
the standpoint of a law made for all
sorts and conditions of men. His
critique is so discriminating that it
is herewith reprinted:
Hubbard and His Gospel.
Mr. Elbert Hubbard, one of the pro
phets or the better day for everybody,
has been to the city and gone. There
has always been a suspicion of pose
about Mr. Hubbard. The man, upon
nearer acquaintance, dispels the sus
picion. There is no fake about him. He be
lieves in his work. He believes in
humanity, ne believes in himself.
For all his canny methods in business,
the man has something rapt about
him. There's a flash of the fire of
poetic madness in him. ne bas a
leaning towards mysticism. He be
lieves in inspiration, ne talks of his
psvehic sense as one to whom it is a
great and grave verity. The jocose
Hubbard is the most superficial The
true man is earnest, almost solemn.
When he talks of certain things his
face is that of one who sees celestial
things. The contrast between the
brashness of some of his writing and
his personal diffidence is startling in
the extreme. His abstraction is ap
palling when you remember his ef
fusive writing. He talks with a
queer combination of "horse sense"
and "the moving of the spirit." His
personality is hypnotic more especi
ally upon the women.
Practical as Hubbard :s. there is
much of the seer about him. He's
"David Harum" and Emerson. He is
Walt Whitman and Ruskin. He Is
strangely of the vulgar, and frustra
tlvely transcendental, brutally strong,
and softly feminine not effeminate.
As he talks of his work the hearer
realizes that Hubbard did not set out
to put theories into his work. The
work came first. The theories
grew out of it. That explains why
his explanation of his work is so un
satisfactory to those who approach it
only from the view-point of the logi
cian. His doctrine is hardly a doc
trine at all so far. It may become a
doctrine later. I think it will. I
think Hubbard is going the way of
Tolstoi, and the founders of new
creeds, but his common sense is a
good brake. He is not apt to go too
far, though, of course, one cannot sav
where these celestially enfanced
egoists mjy walk in pursuit of the
truth they see ahead. To me there
is no doubt at all that Elbert Hub
bard is one of the men who are fully
possessed of the thought that they
are close to the Divine, that they
have an insight into the things hid
den from others, that they are ves
sels filled with the essence of the God
head. In the Hubbard lecture, and in
some brief talks with him. socially, I
lound traces of all the dreamers, old
and new, hints of all the heresies, sug
gestions of the great visionaries of
our world. The man is big enough,
mentally and spiritually, to be a suf
ficient explanation of his wonderful
success. He is a gigantic dynamo of
individuality. That individuality is,
in the aggregate, attractive, though
now and then it is fearsome; that is to
say, it awakens a dread that some of
its manifestations may proceed to
Elbert Hubbard is a sublimated
variation on the modern "prophets,"
"divine healers," "Christs." The
man is a mystic philosopher, for all
his gospel of work. He is evidently
no believer In crime or punishment.
He docs not think seriously of laws.
His cult of beauty and peace is one
which he expresses as individualism,
but he would carry individualism
practically tc the point of annihilat
ing all individuality, except, of course,
his own. Translate Hubbard's life
theory into Russian and he is "Nek
hludoff," the hero of "Resurrection."
"Love your fellow man so well," he
says, "that you will not try to impress
him with anything. Let him be free,
utterly free. Let him work out his
own salvation. Bind him not. The
evil in him is useful, is good out of
place, as dirt is simply matter in the
wrong place." This is a high, noble,
true doctrine, within limits. It will
do for mystic philosophers who are in
no danger of applying the philosophy
emotionally. It will work well while
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