The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, June 10, 1899, Page 4, Image 4

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givon rlfio to very wltlo and general dis
cussions that will, bicreaso in volumoand
woight until ttio Milwaukoo Hionnial,
and bidH fair to givo riao to as diverRo
opinions ub tbo discussion of tho ror
capita tux at tbo Denver Biennial.
Tbo following account of tbo some
what contradictory actionB takon by
tbo Worcester Club in tbo past is from
tho Weelorn Club Woman:
Naturally tbo Worcester Club bus
brought upon itsolf some criticism, and
It is especially cited against its present
stand that six years ago it opposed stato
federation. SMb is a rather small
charge since tho federation exists,
among othor thing?, for tho purpose of
helping women to acquiro tho courngo
to change thair minds. On tbo olhor
hand, having remained out of tho btato
federation for livo years, becuuso it did
not wait to bo organized by tho General
Federation, it would cortainly havo been
wise and saved a little friction bad it
taken its proposed changes to tho next
Biennial, wbero thoy can bo acted upon,
or to tho proper authorities in tho Gen
eral Federation board, rather than to its
own chairman of Statu Corrospcndenco.
In replying to tho re solutions, tho club
ia advised to luy them boforo tbo council
meeting of presidents and ofliccrs of
clubs to bo hold in Philadelphia tho first
throo dayB in Juno. Undoubtedly there
will bo a prolonged diECUssion of this
subject at that time.
Already there has bpon a committo, of
which Mrs. Piatt, Mrs. Philip Moore
and Mrs. Emma Fox aro tbo members
to detlne tbo relativo positions of the
state presidents and Btato chairman of
correspondence, for whilo tbo president
may be much in her own state, laboring
indofatigably for tho federation, in the
National organization, hitherto, she has
beou of quite secondary importance
compared to tbo chairman of correspond
ence. It has beon said tho only place
whore stuto presidents havo a hearing is
in the department devoted to them by
Mies Winslow, in "The Club Woman."
It would cortainly simplify and unify
club work if tho delegates to tho Bien
nial wore from BtuteB, rather than from
clubs, and certainly there is no fairness
in giving exactly the same privileges to
a club of ten that are given to a club of
a thousand. It the per capita tux pre
vails thiB unfairness will bo more glar
ing. On the other hand, there are clubs
that oppoBO state federation. This ques
tion is now being agitated in California,
and it is possible that Btato may inau
gurate the change desired by those who
tind the present organization unwieldy.
There its a strong sentiment in the
Pniladelphia cluba in favor of reorgani
zation under which "the number of dele
gates could not exceed a rutional limit,
and no stuto could fail to tind tlio 'floor'
when (iobirublo. ' In tho meantime clubs
will (ind much lo consider, and thoso
whoso representatives expect to bo at tho
council will do woll to discuss all phases
of tbo subject before tho June meeting.
Mrs. John C. Printup, of Rome, Ga
IB president of tho Library Board of
Trustees in that city. A new lecturo
hall for this library has just been finish
oJ, which will tout about .'100 persons.
Tho entire amount necessary for tho
building of tho hall was solicited by Mrs.
Printup und Mrs. John 11. Reynolds from
tho business men of Rome. Arrange
ments havo been mado to keep tbo li
brary opon in tho ovoning, and to give
men and boys an opportunity of rouding
In our zeal to establish travoling libra
ries all over tbo land wo may loso sight
of Eomo very important Etationury libra
ries that are being eRtubllahod by largo
monied companies for tho benofit of their
employes. Tbo ono established by tho
Metropolitan Stroot Railway Company,
of Now York, is typical of tho class,
honor wo uppond the following deBi.-rip-tion
from tho Herald:
"Soo bore," said tho librarian, "you'ro
way bohind Bcho-lulo on that 'Humpor
ton'B Intellectual Lire.' It costs you
two centB a dily for overtime. Two
woeks toduy you'vo had it."
The librariun of tho Metropolitan
Street railway wbb speaking. Ho was
formerly a motorman, ind now he haB
charge of tho books storod in tho top
loft of tho company's "bain" at Seventh
avonuo and Fiftieth streot. 1 had heard
about this library, and 1 looked over tho
catalogue and foi.nd ull manner of books
undor tho sun oxcopt those which you
and I would suppose conductors, motor
men, and gripmon would read.
"Hamerton is pretty good," said tho
librarian. "A fellow gets carried beyond
Iub power onco in a whilo, though has
to got Foino ono to push him along to
tho next circuit."
Litoraturo is cultivated for its own
sake in the barn. The men aro furnish,
ing their own toplofts with all manner
of thoughts. Tho library was the selec
tion of a literary young man attached to
the forces of the company. II. II. Vrec
land, tho president, evolved tbo idea of
tbo library, and tho young man Eelectod
the books. Tho librarian was olocted
by tho mon, uud lie is gradually gotting
"broken in" as thoy say of green motor
men. Ho dresses in tbo regulation uni
form and handles bookB as though ho
wcro ringing up fares. He does not say
much, but he id a keen Btudent of human
nature and has a book ready for every
"Hollo, Smitbson!" ho observes to tho
newly arrived gripman. "Had a short
tripper, eh! How about trying 'Around
tho World in Eighty Days?"
"No, young man," be remarks to tho
sallow youth who inquires for the books
of a popular authoress, "wo haven't any
of them Libby books. No, take it all
back. Libby Libby 'History of Libby
Prison.' Don't want that? Now, if edu
cation and culture cut any ice with you
I'd give you ubis 'Farthett North,' where
they don't havo any icehouses."
"How's that?" ho asks of a now comer,
"Had two collisions? Ran over a news
boy? Tough, wusn't it? Don't got ex
cited." The librarian takes from the shelves
tho "Reflections of Marcus Aurelius '
"Try that," he advises, "and if it
doesn't suit your case here's another by
a man by the name of a Kempie.
"Say, Jenkins," remarks tho sympathe
tic librarian, as a Lroad-shouldered con
ductor enters the library, "hear a fellow
fell off your car tbo other day and broke
his log. Bet'or read up a little in case
the company has you cnlled aB a witness."
"Thanks," remarkB tho conductor, la
conically. A moment later 1 noticed
him perusing Darwin's "Descent of
Thero is no gaineaying the quality of
literaturo with which the company fills
tho mow of its barn. All that tho em
ployes havo to do is to devour tbo in
tellectual pubulum in proportion to
their needs.
Darwin, Huxley, Sponcor appear upon
tho list. History, fiution, poetry no de
partment iB neglected. If someonn tells
tho conductor that ho iB a Ghojtorfiold
hu comes to tho librarian to find out
how badly ho has boon malignod. Tho
librarian could not find any ChPBterfiolds
in tho back ot tbo dictionary, so bo
wrote a lettor to the young literary man
down town. In the coureo of a few dayB
"Lord Chesterfields Lotters to His Son1'
were added to tho cjlloction. Tho grip
men read up on the hiBtory of tho Trans
atlantic cables aud tho motormon wish
to know all about Kooly. Tho conduc
tors fool tho olectiical currontB of learn
ing und tho non-conductors, tho gripmon
and tho motormon tako up tho idous.
"How did jou happen to mako such a
romarkablo Boloction of books?" I usk-
od tho library young man tho other day.
"Woll," he replied, "theoretically you
may think I showed very little discrimi
nation, but I tell you the results have
justified my ideas. At first the mon
wore a littlo afraid of this library. Thon
whon thoy saw that it wouldn't hurt
tfiom thoy began to uso it, and thoy aro
availing themselves ot it with every
month. The other day a motorman
asked who wo didn't havo 'Quo Vadis.'
We sent down and got two copies. Thero
wcro inquiries for tbo 'Choir Invisible'
and we telephoned to tho bookBtore and
had it sent right up to the barn. They've
got Kipling's 'Jungle Books' and 'Steven
son's 'Tho Wreckers.' Thoy havo Dick
ens and Scott. Thero is fiction in tho
lilraiy gcod fiction, ard plonty of it
Tho conductors Bee passengers reading
'Mr. Dooley in Peace and War.' Thoy
ak us about it and they get copieB for
tho library. Thoy can borrow tho books
for two wooks. Tho families got tho
benefit of them, It would surprise you
to see bow many books on olectricty and
railroad management this library maintains.
Wo aro all loyal to Uncle Sam, and are
bound to speak up promptly whonevor
hiB government is assailed, and nro
equally prompt to smilo whon some npe
displays a desire to be "quite English
you know." Yet whon wo contrast
England's postal system with thut ot
the Uuitod States we muBt confess un
admiration for tho former and impati
ence with tbo slow progress of tho latter.
Though tbore is much in common be
tween tho mother country and the
United Stntes, still this country is far
behind England in her poetal s)stem
Tho English government ownB her postal
savingB banks, postal telegraphs, and
parcel post, whilo tho people ot tho
United States are at the mercy of rich
corporations who own these lines and
who continue to grow fat on their valu
able franchises, preventing with their
long pocket books any legislation tend
ing toward government ownership. Un
dor tho postal laws ot England a tele
graph mossago of twelve words, includ
ing address and signature, goes for ono
cent a word and iB delivered from any
poBtofllco without any extra fee. Ex
press matter is carried at an average,
rato ot threo cents u pound, and yet
there is a handsome yearly revenue ob
tained from tho English postoflico. Ot
course longer distances and more sparse
ly settled communities in largo portions
of tho United States must make conoid
orable difference in tbo ratio of revenue
and expenditure, still that affords no
reason for donying tho American public
the benefits to be derived from govern
ment ownership of thoso enterprises.
Tho English government is about to add
to its postoflice department a telephone
syetom at un expnse of 810,000,000.
Telephonic communication will bo es
tablished throughout tho United King
dom with low ratoa. The govornmont
will tako tho lines ot tho presont tele
phone triiBt at a fair valuation, and tbo
long Buffering public will bo delivered
from its extortion. ThoBo aro great and
wonderful reforms, and should be ngi
tutod in every country, nnd "tbo land of
tho bravo and tho froo' should bo tho
last ono to supinoly submit to merciless
corporations. E trnest, determined, por
BiBtont agitution is tho ouly moans
through which such reforms can bo se
cured, and a long pull and a strong pull
und a pull ultogothor will bring it.
Of tho making of clubs thero is no end.
Tho latest of which we havj heard is
cullod tho "Socioty for tho Study of
Life." From its constitution I judge
that its members aro tbo most direct,
of tho direct linoul disconduntB of tho
most puritanical, of tho puritan fathers
und mothers. They ugreo "nevor,
either in fun or earnest, to Buy or imply
unything to thocbildron suvo tho truth."
Poor children! Tbo timo has como for
you to cry aloud for protection from
cruilty. Would they rob you of your v,
belief in a veritable Santa ClauB? Must
you never revel in tho tinglo and jingle
of tho rhymeB of Mother GooEe? Must
tho fairy tales of Grimes and Anderson
bo banished with them, .and all that
bright world of unreal things which so
dolights tbe little ones? This is too
much. Some one has said "wo shall soon
need a socioty to protect us from socie
ties.'' Tbo formation of thiB litoral
minded association would seem to indi
cate that that timo had come. Ar.d
that common sonso should again ho
seated on tho throne of reason. When
these would-bo very wiso students of
life, havo studied life closely onough
they will find that young raindB nevor
expand more beautifully or rapidly than
whon carried along on tbe wingB of imag
ination. That tho imagination is a God
given faculty, to bo cherished, fostered,
encouraged as ono of tho elements in tho '
child's make up, through wLich parents
may keep tbe close hold of their child
which in timo devolop3 into tho most
complete confidence and companionship.
Tbo imaginative child can create a
world of boauty and love for itself no
matter how sordid its surroundings. It
is tho imaginutivo children who swell
tho ranks of our authors, artists, musi
cians, and optoniiste.
That reminds mo that I Baw a now
title for optomists tho other day, B. T.
M. B. T. M., which put in plain Englsih
means Brotherhood of Thoso Who Mako
tho Best of Things Mundane.
Tho Sociul Literary Club of Creto haB
just finished its fourteenth year of study.
Though its plan of work presumes an in
dividual preparation in two lines of work
each fortnight, tho past year has been
ono of tho most profitable over ucdor
takon. Ono hour each meeting has been
givon to studies in Browning, principal
ly of tho shortor pooaiB. This work will
bo continuod tho coming year und prob
ably for sovoral years, aB was tbo coureo
Tho sales ot "David Harum," tho
book which Edward Ndyee Westcott
wroto en bis death bed continues too bo
phonominal says the New York Times.
Tho original of the character was Dave
Harum, a well known resident of tho
village of Homer, where Wescott's father
once lived. The residents readily recall
Harum who died in 1892, "Billy P.''
who personates William P. Randall of
Cortland, and othor figures in the Look.
Harum was a powerfully built man
though only fivo feat six incbos tall, and
a master band at horso training and
horse swapping. His first enterprise in
lifo was when be set out with a pair ot
"horse frames" nnd a wugon load of buck
stoves to soil. Ho returned with tbo
stoves all sold, and a splendid team, the
result cf successive trades in horse fle6h.
beginning with tho two old scare crows,
Tho Hal! in the Grove mot last week
with Mrs. F, S. Stein. The following
officers for next year were elected: Presi
dent, Mrs. T. H. Leavitt; first vice preei.
dent, Mrs. Zara Wilsonj second vice
president, Mrs. F. N. Gibson; secretary
and treasurer, Miss Mary Watson. A
program committee composed of Mrs.
Stein. Mrs. M. H. Garten, and Mrs. H.
M. Bushnoll wub appointed. The sub
ject for noxt year will be "Italy and Her
Art.' Tba usual custom of devoting
about half ot the timo ot tho meeting to a
tho discussion of tho leading topics of r
tho day will bo followed. The hour of
tho meeting was changed from evening
to uftornoon. Tho gentlemen will retain
their memberships and an occasional
ovoning mooting will bo hold for their
benefit. Tho chairman of the program
committoo requests that members who
woro not present yesterday and who
wish to work noxt yoar will notify her at