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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 9, 1922)
THE BEE: OMAHA. FRIDAY. JUNE 9. 1922.
'Depends on Its
Can't Expect Aid of Rivals,
Laiker Says; United
State at Creditor
Br A. B. LASKER.
Modern civilization U an economic
one. The basis of til economic civi
liiaiion ii transportation. Coal and
oil may be only momentary basic
fuels; it it poitiule lome other fuel
may be discovered, rucl in one form
or another will aluayt be basic to
transportation, and transportation in
one lorm or another u basic to ex
change of foods.
In my second article I ui.de. took
to demonstrate how, up 'o the fnte
of the civil war, America had develop,
cd a strong merchant marine, and t
sketch the conditions surrounding
our practical disappearance from the
sea between the time of the civil war
and the world war.
Railroads Brought Wealth.
During this latter period we were
developing a great wealth wet of
the Allrghenies. One of the chief
contributions to that development
was the upbuilding of our vast rail
road system, largely subsidized
through grants of land, federal, state
and local. We were jn that period
a self-sufficient and self-contained
Hition, having need of world trade
only in small measure for the dis
position of our surpluses and to pay
with them the moneys borrowed for
our development. Our creditors
were largely the leading maritime na
tions of the world and they sent their
ships to receive the goods In pay
ment of what we owed them.
In the last decades, though, Amer
ica haa changed from a self-contained
and self-sufficient nation (the type
of nation that can largely do without
a merchant marine) to one that now
must look across the waters for many
of its needf.
How Nation Changed.
And so, in the cycle of events, our
very self-sufficiency from within gave
rise to luxuries which finally became
necessities, until we perforce changed
from nation almost entirely an ex
porter of raw material to one, in very
great measure, an importer of raw
We must obtain manganese for our
.steel mills from Russia and South
America; our automobile tire indus
try must obtain crude rubber from
Brazil and Africa; our tinplate manu
facturers must import their tin from
the Malay straits and Bolivia; our
silk factories must . get their raw
product from China and Japan; our
manufacturers of twines, canvas, lin-
s and Iacea must get their flax
m Russia and Belgium.
must alto import large quanti-
Mi of cocoanut oil and other vege
''e oils from the Dutch East Indies
I from Pacific isles; coffee from
fill, tea frtom China, India, Japan;
. ta from Venezuela: sugar. from
Da; rice iropn ine tar east; spices
m the feast Jndies: platinum from
olombia: vanadium from Peru, and
asphalt from Venezuela. .
Mint Be Sura. . '
If we are to Veep our industries
going, we must make sure of a
steady flow of these materials which
we need and must insure prompt and
continuous delivery of manufactured
wires and raw materials which we
wish' to give in exchange for that
which we buy. If we have to rely
on the ships of other nations who are
our competitors for the trade of the
newer countries, it is as if a depart
ment store relied on one of its com
petitors for its deliveries.
The conference in Washington,
which came to such happy, fruitful
remits in connection with the (r
cast, should ultimately lay the
ground for trade expansion and im
? roved trade relations in the far east,
n South America, in the far east,
in the hewer countries of Europe and
Russia, lies the trade that mutt be
developed to keep the manufacturing
countries of the world going. Fore
most among these manufacturing
countries I America, and in the
struggle (or the trade of those coun
tries we will now come in competi
,tion with the old establwhed mari
time nations of the world.
U. 8. as Creditor Nation.
Today, as a result of the world
war. no longer a debtor nation but a
creditor nation, through expanded
plant capacity and now to use the
vatt gold reserve we have accumu
lated, we have entered into competi
tion and will more sharply compete
in the future for the markets of the
world with the nations which have
long established merchant marines
those being the trading ana menu
lecturing nations of the world.
It is not to be supposed that in
that competition we will find at all
times the prompt and ready response
in the matter of marine carriage that
is the very life of foreign commerce
if we are to rely on our competitor!
Before the war we had no such
need of selling surpluses, for we had
neither plant capacity at we have
now, nor did we have capital to en
gage as now. . America's position
lias changed since the world war. and
with it has come the crying need for
the establishment of a merchant
marine that will ineure the free de
velonment of markets for the sur
pluses of our farm, mine and factory.
litox oi tvuropc.
Eurooe which wat our creditor be
fore the war. owes us today over
S16.000.000.00U. Mie musi pay wi
either raw materials, or in manufao
tured or partly manufactured
products. We must make sure, on
the one hand, if oossible that we ac
cept no commoditiet from her to the
point of severe injury to our own in
dustries; tnd, on the other hand, if
we do take from her tuch quantities
at may result in a surplus, that we
position ourselves to dispose of such
surplus in the jiewer' markets to be
created throughout tne worm.
These newer markets will come
through the development of South
America, the far east, Russia, and
the Balkan states. It it in these very
markets, however, that our debtors
will compete with us. Unless wc
have a merchant marine that is right
ly balanced for our peace time
needs, unless we have a merchant
marine under our own flag that we
know will sail regularly and surely
to the ports of the customers we
would create, we can bave no assur
ance of a steady disposition of our
Can't Depend on Competitors.
For, if we rely on our competitors
for our carriage, they will very prop
erly see that on occasion those things
happen which will put us out of mar
kets they too are endeavoring to
capture. It is the disposition of sur
pluses abroad that controls price and
prosperity at home.
For those peace time needs we re
quire . practically the 'same type of
balanced merchant marine as for war
purposes. We require-' the fast pas
senger ship which transports the ne
gotiators of trade, and the mails
which keep the. trade going; we re
quire refrigerator ships and ships
built for special trades. Thus the
manufacturer can see, in the chang
ing conditions America finds itself,
that in the ultimate his very life may
be dependent on the existence of an
American merchant marine. No less
interest has the farmer.
In the next article I intend to dis
cuss his relations to this question.
A MTsth artieU will ba pnMIshrd to-
Full of pep cad '
No fancy wrapper
just good pna
Details in Radio
Novice Should Heed Initruc
tiona Religiously on Install
ing Receiving Outfits.
By JOHN E. KENNEBECK.
(This ta Id faartsj iMUUweat at Taa
BW stary af radio.)
To listen in on radio concerts,
newt and market reports that are
broadcast from transmitting stations,
several things of importance must
First, there is the aerial. A single
itrand of No. 14 copper wire is rec
commended. It should run about 100
feet in length at a height of 30 or 40
feet for best results, and should not
be streched in parallel to other
wires. Insulators must be inserted
at both ends of the aerial with a lead
in fastened either in the center or at
one end of the aerial. .
A lightning arrester is connected
between the aerial and the ground.
The ground connection can be
made w'th the tame wire that is used
for the aerial. It- should be con
nected to water or steam pipes.
A crystal receiving set is the most
simple and inexpensive that can be
purchased or made at home. The
most sensitive device on this set is
the crystal itself, on which rests a
small wire called a catwhisker. The
surface of the crystal js searched
vith this wire until the most sensi
tive spot is found to detect the voice
from the ether. The crystal should
be washed occasionally. -
If anything better than a crystal
set is desired the enthusiast will .
have to invest in a vacuum tube out
fit. They may cost from $35 to $500.
A -storage battery is needed with
such an outfit. . ' s
When the battery is connected to
By RUBY M. AYRES.
(Centlnned from Ycatcrdajr.)
WHO WHO'S IN THE 8TOBV.
Violet Insicbjr, a . pretty but poorly
dressed Entllsh sir!, I walking alone a
London street In the rain when her fthah
by bttla ' hat Is blown off and allies.!
trodden upon by a well-dressed and mono
eled yoone man. The latter picks an the
ruined headpiece and smilingly often to
pay for It, but la haughtily told by the
yonna woman that she kt no beggar. With
thta rebuff he coca on Ma way and Violet
proceed on hen to run Into a motor ac
cident In which a flower woman with a
little baby boy. in her arm la run over
by the ear. Tha mother la killed, but Ron
nie, her baby, cacaoes unhurt and la
caught up by Violet, who hurriedly takea
him to her chean lodaina house, and In
spit of the protests of
Mrs. Hlggs, her landlady, to whom ska
la In debt, proceeds to mother the little
waif and adopt him. Now go on with
the story i
He stopped crying. He eyed her
half fearfully from beneath his long
lashes. Once he looked round the
room as if seeking some one, or
something, familiar to him." .
She gave him some warm milk
and some bread7 and butter, then
carried him over to the fire and be
gan to unfasten his worn clothes.
Such odd little garments they
were, made from pieces of material
that once must have been a woman's
frock; badly, but neatly made, and
fastened with old" buttons some
times with safety pins.
Then she wrapped him in a long
nightdress of her own and laid him
back in the bed.
He kept quite still. He offered
no resistance, but his piteous eyes
followed her everv movement as
she cleared away the simple meal
and mended the fire now and
again a sort of sighing sob shook
his little body. ...
The tirl knelt down beside mm
she drew him into her arms.
"'Oh. Harl me" she said tremulous
ly. "Oh, my dear little man"
She kissed his, face, his hair, his
dimpled neck, his small cold hands,
she held him in her arms, crooning
over him. . .
Present v he fel asleep tne neavy
lashed eyes closed, his breath came
with slow regularity. - .
The o rl a H him back ana coverea
him over warmly, then she crossed
softly to the fire and began folding
the tiny garments the had drawn
from the baby limbs.
A she held the uzly trock some
thing in its skirts rustled beneath
her touch. She looked down won
deringly there was a paper sewn
securely to the lining.
Her hands tremDiea as sne cui
the stitches. She took the paper to
the center of the room and held it
beneath the lamplight. -1
There was writing on it. written in
faded ink, as if it had been com
pleted months ago. She bent closer
and read the words:
"I . am the wife of Ronald Hast
ings he deserted me. This is our
child. If I should die, some one
please be good to him.". ,
That was all, there was ijio sig
nature, no address.
The girl stared down at the paper
incredulously; She read the sad
little message through again. Some
one tapped smartly on the door. " A
girl entered without waiting lor a
She was very tall.' and showily
dressed rouge and powder were
fully applied to her dark face. She
swung a fashionable bag from a
Hullo, she began in rather a
high-pitched voice. "I heard you
come in what is " she broke off
as Violet hurried forward, her finger
raised warningly. She pointed to
the child asleep on her bed.
Hush hes asleep net asleep.
The tall girl started she looked
from the boy's flushed face to her
friend she stifled a laugh behind
her tightly-gloved hand.
Crumbs Whatever next Who
is he. Violet?"
'He's mine at .least. I'm going
to keep him." -
violets voice was defiant. The
other laughed she shrugged her
Rubbish! I hate kids. Besides,
you can't keep him you can't keep
I can work I will work 111 do
anything to keep him." - -
Old ajHiggt will raise tne rent
the vacuum tube receiver, the fila
ment rheostat can be adjusted until
the filament in the tube it a dull red.
The outfit it then tuned until the
maximum response it heard in the
telephone receivers. The filament
should not be burned at a point of
unnecessary brightness. Betides the
storage battery, a "B" battery it
needed alio for the vacuum tube out
fits. The positive pole of the "B
battery it connected to the plate of
the vacuum tube. All these connec
tions are marked on the receiving
With a vacuum tube outfit, the
novice should listen in from long
distances up to several hundred
miles under favorable conditions.
If something more elaborate and
complete it wanted, the enthusiast
might purchase an outfit with one
or two-stage amplification, which
costs complete from $75 to $500.
Three vacuum tubes are used in a
two-stage step one at a detector,
the other at amplifiers.
"Radio at Recreation" will be dis
cussed in tomorrow't installment in
Following are special terms used
A. C. Alternating current.
Ampere The practical unit of
electric current; such a current at
would be given with an electromotive
force of one volt through a wire
having a resistance of oncohm.
Aerial Wires tuspended on the
roof of a building that are used for
receiving or transmitting. A tingle
wire aerial is all that it needed for
Antenna Thit term meant the
whole aerial and ground tystem.
The bureau ot standards is issuing
a warning to radio operators, both
receivers and senders, to keep, their
antenna away from tin roofs and to
keep their wires at least 30 feet off
the ground. Radio waves have an
affinity for tin roofs.
Both these cause trouble to the
She alwayt does for children."
"I know she said she would I
don't care. ..."
The tall, girl was arranging her
smart hat in the small glass.
, "What work are you going to
get?" she asked carelessly, as if she
were greatly interested. "You look
as weak as a rat and your clothes
are awful! Why don't you get some
more? You wouldn't be half so bad
if you dressed better."
"Clothes don't grow on goose
berry bushes," said Violet with a
little chargined laugh.
Olive Hale produced a minute
powder puff from a lace handkerchief
and powdered her nose.
"What will you do with the kid
if you dp get a job?" she asked.
Violet laughed ruefully.
'I haven't got one yet," the said.
The tall girl swung around with a
great swish of petticoats and regard
ed her friend with good-natured criti
cism. ' '
"Why don't you try and get into
that new bonnet shop?" she. asked.
"You know the one I ' mean vio
lette's! . . . It's being run by
a millionaire, so they say that he's
backing the concern. , You've got
ripping hair try to get in the show
rooms to try the hats on. There
won't be much standing about as
there was at Gatwick's, and if you
smarten yourself up a bit, I don't
see why you shouldn't stand a
chance. . . ." ,
"I don't know who to apply to."
"Bless the child! I suppose you
can find out Ronald Hastings is
the name of the man who's put the
money up. He ... What did
Nothing," said Violet, but there
was a little gleam in her eyes.
When she was alone again she un
folded the paper she had found in
the child's dress and read it through
So Ronald Hastings was the much.
talked-of millionaire who had
backed" Violette's. was he?ar
least, it was orobablv the same man
the name was uncommon and if
so . . . Well, he was rich and
influential. . . . Violet gave a
little triumphant laugh as she locked
the letter away in a drawer.
She undressed -uuicklv and rrenr
into bed beside the sleeping child.
nc movea a mtie, nighed sleepily
and flung a soft arm about her
(Continued In The Bee Tomorrow.)
Beatrice Man Will Head
State Bakers' Association
Carl D. Wilkie of- Beatrice was
elected president of the Nebraska
Master " Bakers' association at the
closing session of its annual conven
tion at Hotel Castle Thursday morn
ing. J. E. Archibald, 3911 South Twenty-third
street, was elected secretary,
and Charles W. Ortman, 2124 South
Thirty-third street, was chosen treas
urer. D. A. Bielman of Nebraska
City .was elected vice president from
the Southeastern district; Robert
Teviotdale, Grand Island, vice presi
dent of the combined Southwestern
and Northwestern districts; L. A.
McThompson. Norfolk, Northeast
ern Histrirt? Walter Pantcnn ni,L
dent of the bakers' association, from
tne Lincoln district, and Carl Stamm,
Dresident of the Omaha Ralrerc' a c ch
elation, was chosen to represent the
umana district as vice president.
Youth Sent to Kearney
for Attempt to Wreck Train
York, Neb., June 8. (Special
Telegram.) William Lee, 18, who
confessed to placing obstructions on
the Chicago Northwestern railroad
track in an attempt to wreck the
passenger train an two occasions and
placed a red signal light on the
track, pleaded guilty in county court
and was bound over by Judge Hop
kins to the district court.
Lee was arraigned in Judge. Cor
coran's court and pleaded guilty to
the two counts and was sentenced
to-the industrial school in Kearney
until he is 21.
The world seems to be full of re
formers, but thort of men reformed.
Another Treat v
to Be Given Radio
Fans This Evening
Quartet and Student Band of
Nebraska University Will
Provide Melody for
The Bee announces another radio
concert treat for tonight, through
arrangement with the Omaha Grain
Exchange broadcatting station,
WAAW. The time will be from
8:15 to 9 p. in.
The following program will be
giveji by a group of Omaha't instru
mental and vocal talent for the enter
tainment of The Bee't many radio
frie.-idi in the middle west:
The Hoffmann quartet, through
courtesy of Leo A. Hoffmann, will
sing, "On the Sea," by Dudley
Buck: popular airs, selected, and
"Land of Mine." These tingert are;
Emmett Moore, first tenor; M. J.
Fluiagan. second tenor; Phil Hel-
gren, baritone; Gut P. Swanson, di
rector and bast.
Miss Gertrude Thiem will play
two violin Humbert and the Jaz
Classique dance band will offer a
group of six telectiont arranged for
thit occasion. Thit organization it
composed of students of the Uni
versity of Nebraska, playing at Car
ter Lake club durmg their summer
vacation. J. L. Bairitt, manager.
ttatet he has a treat in ttore for
radio fans. He announces the fol
"Let't Go, Fellowi," original com
position, by the band.
at Exactly V2 Usual
By a special purchase we are able to offer a guaran
teed, full size electric washer at about one-half the
usual price. This is the first time any offer like this
has been made in Omaha, and we may never be able
to duplicate this value. The quantity is limited, don't
delay your selection.
is a standard nationally advertised washer. The zinc
cylinder is light and easy to handle, non-rustable and
holds eight regular size bed sheets. The wringer can be
placed in three positions and is reversible. A -horsepower
motor furnishea plenty of power to operate
washer ,and wringer at the same time. Bearings and
gears are packed with enough hard oil to last three
; years. '
Fifth Floor West
Money to Loan o n
O m ah a Real E s tate
At Lowest Interest Rate
Six Per Cent has been our interest
charge since April 1st, 1 1917, on all
loans. - .
Easy Repayment Plan
$1.05 per month pays principal . and
interest for each $100.00 borrowed..
Reduced Cost of Obtaining Loan
$1.00 for each $100.00. borrowed.
Savings & loan association
"Just Little Lovt Song," ith
obhligatot, by band.
Battoon solo, teWtrd. by Mr.
"Jai-CUssique Serenade," piano
sketches, by Bob Lee, composer, and
saxophone obbligato by Mr, Vic
Bride. "Perfect Day." cornet tolo, by
Mr, Baughan, with piano accom
paniment by Mr. Lee.
Saxophone tolo, Mr. Mi Bride with
The Bee't first religious program
will be broadcast from the Grain
exchange ttaiiou next Sunday night,
beginning at 7;4J. Rev. Arthur
Alack, pastor of 1 Unworn Park
Methodist church, will speak 1 on
"Tuning in With God." and the choir
will be led by Waller B. Graham.
Rare Hone Man Wouuded
With Knife, Jockey Jailed
Albert Alekander. raee hnrtm Au-n.
er from Dow City, la., wat found
wnn a knne wound In the left chest,
and Walter Lilly, free lance jockey
from Louisville. K.. with . Kt.rV
eve. in the road near Fifty-sixth and
tenter ttreets, early Wednesday
Thev offered nn etnlanatinn fit (tie
officers who took them to Central
police headquarteri, where Lilly wat
booked on a rharoe nf heins itrnnW
and euttins? In unnml aiM Alanl.
er't wound wat dressed and he wat
jailed at complaining witness.
Two Hit by Automobile.
Mrs. Pauline Fink and Opal
Cook, 12, 1J10 South Twenty-eighth
street, were struck by an automobile
driven by B. A. Baricek, Schuyler,
Neb., at Sixteenth and Farnam
streett, at 4:30 Wednesday after
noon. Mrs. Fink suffered abrasions
of the left knee and the Cook girl
abrasions of both kneet. no one wat
On Sale NO W
-A JLn1 J
Named in Divorce
Amanda II. Heppner Charged
With 'Touoning th Mind
of Her Brother.
Lincoln. June 8. (Special.)
Amanda H. Heppner. dean of wom
en at the State university, is accused
n "poisoning the mind" of her
brother, Edmund H. Heppner,
against hit invalid wife, according
lo allegations in petition for di
vorce filed in district court by Mrt
Mrt. Heppner hat been semi-para-lyied
ever since her marriage. She
is wheeled about the city in an in
valid's chair. She it a public Sten
ographer. Mrs. Heppner charges thai, the
would have met death by nerva
tion if friends hadn't rallied to her
rescue. She claims that her husband
spends hit money on anyone except
ing hit wife and refuses to get hit
governmental pension increased be
cause he would be obliged to pay
one-half the increase to hit wife.
The Heppuert featured in a lively
divorce suit here teveral years ago
in which the court declined to give
either a divorce.
Pretty tough when we have to pay
men overtime for watching the clock.
Weak el .... . io II, Inclusive.
Largo Class al Avaloa Craaa Drink,
Two Larga Delkieua Sonar Ceefclae.
Chelea al Sfsclal Has er Cheese Seed
wlca ,.AU FOR 10a
ALL SIX RESTAURANTS .
FELT MATTRESS SALE
L Saturday at
$5.95 $7.25 $8.50
, File for Legislature
Lincoln, June (Special ) J. H.
Allen of Lincoln has filed (or the
democratic nomination for the ttate
legislature from the J4ih district.
Read the Bee Want Adt neat.
Cut to Size
The Radio Shop
1806 Dodge Street
The best crystal radiophone
set on the market A sensa
tion to Radio, The neatett,
mott compact and efficient
Built entirely different Mutt
be teen to be appreciated. Alto
manufacturer of aockett,
dials, etc. Write for descrip
tive matter and best prices.
Clinton Radiophone Co.
29 So. Clinton Street,
Gift for the
Fifth Floor West
FELT MATTRESS SALE
$5.95 $7.25 $8.50
Graduata of '
PALMER, SCHOOL 1914
' Licansad in State of
.10 A. M. to P. M. 2 P. M.
, to 6 P.M.
LADY ATTENDANT .
Dr. Wm. J. tar
604-605 PAXTON BLOCK
'My patients for references
Caaptsta X-Rsy Lafcaratary
. I Cars' al M aaJaatasaMa SM
Office Pkoa ATlaatk J303
RstUtact PkoH WaL S33f
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