Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1922)
THE BKE: OMAHA. MONDAY. APRIL 21. 1922.
Seed Test Shows
. of Nebraska Law
City Dweller Buying Grat fur
Lawn to Dnuaml Tested
SmI Small lV-lagei
Linrolj, The dissecting lent rm
jitoyH hy tlic liurraii of irrd in'
srxction of the department of igri
culture, to atture Nebraska fanner
that the (red they buy rneeU with
the required tr.tt, are working over
tune theelayr but not alone be.
cause the tenon try for field ger
minarion the city dweller's lawn,
or, for that matter, the tod surround
ing the country estate, not to men
tion the golf link and other public
playground. likewise are in .the
Nebraska's lawn teed law, aim .to
guarantee it citizen i certain
amount of blue grass teed, jut at it
specifies that 'field teed slull meet
certain tests. It i evident from re
tultt of the majority of lawn teed
tens made thi year, however, that
the manufacturer thereof have di(
, ferent viewpoint a to the seed or
composite of beauty.
The chief of the inspection force
was aked if very many violation
of the lawn teed law had been found.
"It would be easier to answer if the
question wa. put the other way it
hat been difficult to find a teed that
meett requirement." wa the re
ply. It developed that one brand, a
Nebraska product by the way, had
met the test, thut far. The score, or
more of other that have been tested,
returned, again tested, and again re
turned, are improving, according to
the chief inspector.
The ttate lawn teed law, as re
vamped, requires that all teed pack
age over four ounces must meet a
test. Previously, it was 10 pounds,
or over. It tets out the various per
centages of teed that may be contain
ed in a package, of more importance
being the test of germination and the
i date of the test. A provision of the
law makes a special ruling for mix
tures that are specified for lawns,
shady lawns, hillsides, etc., and for
golf links, lawn tennis coutrs and
"It is the small package, sold at the
cheaper stores, that usually fail to
measure "up to requirements." states
the chief seed inspector. '"Alluring
packages are made up. skilfully la
beled and difficult to dissect by the
unaccustomed eye. Those who de
sire to sow a lawn and get expect
ed results should purchase reputable
results should purchase reputable
brands, and be certain that it has met
state test. Otherwise, he may grow
a bumper crop of 'red top,' timothy
Iowa County Farm Bureau
Installs Radio for Markets
Tipton, la. The Cedar county
farm bureau is said to be the first
farm bureau in the stafe . to instal
a radio outfit to obtain the daily
market reports. The units have all
been ordered and the outfit is being
installed as fast as the units' are
C. H. Obye, county agent, claims
that under the old system, market
reports were received by telephone
and telegraph at a cost which would
i pay for the radio set. A commit
tee, appointed to investigate the ad
visability of installing a radio set
reported that it had received mar
ket reports over a private set op
erated by a local radio enthusiast
- and was satisfied that the invest
ment would pay.
357 'Acres of Potatoes
Planted at Gothenburg
Gothenburg For the first year
of its existence the potato grow
ers' association has prospered. The
aim of the organization is to pro-
mote potato and truck farming in
this section. The president reports
that 357 acres of "spuds" were plant
ed last week. t
- " ' ! "
Farmers Near Loup City
Increase Potato Acreage
Loup CityThe largest acreage of
potatoes that has been planted for
many years has been put in in this
vicinity. There are several fields of
20 to SO" acresand almost every
farmer has increased his usual acre
age. v Mills Ranch Sold.
Broken Bow Bert Empficld of
this city bid in the Ben Mills ranch,
nine miles east of Callaway, which
, was sold at public auction. The
' ranch comprised 1,040- acres and.
' brought $12,95 per acre.
The Farmer's Wife
Mary Ann Gray.
v Scalloped Cornmeal and Apples
1-2 cup yellow cornmeal, 1 1-2 cup
boiling water, 1 t. salt, two large
apnjes, 1 t. sugar, 1 t. butter; add the
cornmeal to boiling, salted water;
cook in double boiler one hour.'
Pare apples and slice thin. Arrange
apples and cornmeal in alternate
layers in a baking dish and sprinkle
each layer with salt-and sugar. Melt
the butter in 1-4 cup boiling water,
pour over the mixture and bake un
til apples are soft. , Serve with but
ter or corn syrup.
vuru vuuwu vuc van wi.i,
four cups potatoes (cut in 1-4-incti
slices), 2-inch clubes tat salt portc,
one . sliced onion, 4 cups vscalded
' milk, salt and pepper. Cut ttte pork
in small pieces and fry out. Aod on
jon and cook five minutes, stirring
often- so that the onion does not
burn. Parboil the potatoes five" min
utes in enough boiling water to
cover: drain and add potatoes to
fat: then add 2 cups boiling water
cook ' until potatoes are soft; add
corn and milk, then heat to boiling
point. Season with salt and pep
per. - .
The woman who plans her spring
wardrobe whether entirely new or
not will see that a certain color
scheme, depending upon what color
.is the most becoming to her, is
carried out in aress, hat, etc
Checked gingham in blue, green
or pink will make attractive and
practical curtains for- the kitchen.
Farmers Find Time to Make Their Own
Strict Economy Will Be Motto
I'ntil Crop Are Marketed;
Repair Work Get
Strict Vonomy will be practiced
on the farm this year from the time
the firit plow it stuck in the ground
i'ntil the crop it harvested and
hauled to market. When there waa
cry for increased production farm
erf did not have the time to tinker
around with the work of repairing
machinery, making singletree, rope
haltert, and other job that mean
dollar to the farmer when produc
tion i not o pressing and price are
Time hate changded thing to
much that farmer are finding plen
ty of time to paint wagon boxes
and make their own implement
hitchei. With a few devises, bolt,
ring, and similar articlrt that ran
be made by the local blacksmith, the
average farmer can make hi labor
saving hitch at home to tuit lilt
own particular need.
Often great improvement ran be
made by devising hitchrt that are"
patticularly suited to the kind ot
implements on which they are to
be used. Failing to hitch on the
true center of draft in many
case causes the horse to crowd to
gether, whfch irritate! the teams and
often resultt in rough plowing or
a poor job of disking or harrow
ing. In explaining tome of the impor
tant points of hitches that lighten
the work for both horse and man
in doing field work, Wayne Dins
more, an authority on horses and
hitches, says that when the hitch Is
made at the center of draft the plow
pulls with lets exertion than when
the hitch is made at a point more
d'stant from the furrow. He says
that whenever three or more horses
are hitched abreast, with one horse
in the furrow and the rest on solid
ground, it is necessary to- hitch at
a point farther away from the fur
row thaan the point at which ' the
With the County Agents
Douglas county fathers and mothers
Kill ! given a chance to loam ths health
requirement for growing- children through
a erlea of meeting with the health and
nutrition specialists from the college.
These meetlnga will ba followed by a phy
sical examination of a malnourished child
by Dr. Caroline Hedger. child specialist
from the Elisabeth McCoruilck memorial
fund at Chicago.
Preliminary meetlnga for Dr. Hedger
III ba given by Miss Florence Atwood
from the extension eervlre In the follow
ing Precincts Anrll 25 to. 2. Inclusive:
Irvlngton, April 26; Kllfhorn, April 26;
Waterloo. April 27; Valley, April ill Elk
City. April 26.
Miss Atwood 'will give an Illustrated
lectura ahowing the algns of malnutrition
smong under-welght children and how
these children were able to overcome their
handicap and become atronc and vlgoroua
as their playmates. Parents having chil
dren who seem to be hale and hearty will
be aa much Interested in thla work for
they will want to know the signs of mal
nutrition and what to do If these algns
appear later In tha child's life.
Miaa Louise Murphy, registered nurse
from the extension service, will follow
Miss Atwood in May with a series of lec
tures explaining Dr. Hedger's "score carda
for parents." After parents have gone over
these score cards they will then have an
opportunity of asking Dr. Hedger ques
tiona relative to physical defects and their
Geneva Four achievement programs for
six different clubs have been held, all of
which, with one exception, finished 100
per cent, according to Lee W. Thompson,
eounty extension agent. One club obtained
Its fourth year's aeal for the charter.
Diatrict Ko. 2, sewing cluD, District no.
Zfi sewing club, District No. 25 rope club,
District No. 33 rope club. Marthland hot
lunch club and the cooking and baking
club, District 26, were the clubs complet
ing work. Tha features, of the programs
were the rope and sewing, demonstrations,
according to Mr. Thompson.
Flv noultrv culling demonstrations have
been riven in the county during the last
six weeks, Mr. Thompson reports, al
though, the agent adds, It Is recommend
ed" that no culling be done at the present
season of the year This is explained in
tha fact that most hens should be laying
at thla aeaapn, while If the nonlayera are
left In the flock it will De easier to cuu
later in the year.
Bindweed and wild morning . glory In
some parts of the country are becoming
troublesome, and once started, are two of
the worst varieties of pests with which
the farmer must contend, saya Mr.
Thompson. Being a perennial, the weeas
ndt only propagate by seed, but by un
derground roots, in oraer to succcssiuny
eradicate the weeds, the nest method is
to suppress the top growth, In order to
starve the underground parts, according
to Mr. Thompson. .
f THURSTON COUNTY.
1 Walthlll Hog cholera In email hogs Ins
been found in a few places during the
laattwo weeks, but all widely scattered
over tha county, reports H. E. Huston,
county agricultural agent. Tha agent
utgea farmers to vaccinate the spring
crop of pigs Just before weaning, aa
serum will go much farther at this time
and with less expense, not to mention im
fact that treatment in time may save a
largo loaa later, v
Treea In Thurston county are showing
swelled buds, which soon will open, and
as dlaeasea and Insects destroy from 60
to 0 per cent of the fruit crop in un
SDrayed orchards. Mr. Huston is advising
orchard owners to begin the spring spray
"Sprays, to ba effective, must b ap
plied Just before the pests begin their
work," according to Mr. Huston. "This
Willi vary alightly for different fruita, but
a regular schedule for spraying should be
followed to obtain the best results.
"Lead arsenate for Insects that eat
leaves and fruit, and lime sulphur or
bordeaux mixture for fungus disease of
leaves and fruit, are good poison sprays.
Tha apray for apples should be ued
when the flower buds show pink after the
stems have separated, while for plums and
cherries, apray when the dry shucks have
fallen from the young fruit:"
Syracuse A. H. DeLong, county exten
sion agent for Otoe county, submits the
VBoys' and girls' club work In Otoe
county is moving steadily forward; our
enrollment is increasing.
"Sufficient Interest Is reported In Osage
precinct for a cooking club, which wilt
be organised soon. The Pig club of
Osage precinct now has eight membera,
who are planning aummer work. Two
new additions have been made to the
Palmyra Pig club. Pleasant Pratrle Pig
cluh wilt be reorganised.
"The Mothers' club of District No.
has completed the allotted number ot
dress forma and is now ready for1 the
next course of Instruction. There I are
several other communities now in line
for work beyond the dress form project."
Ernest l.lndholm. Palmyra, and Fred
Lyon. Unadiila, wilt conduct some com
munity corn test work this sesson. ac
cording to Mr. DeLong. About 16 va
rieties wilt be planted. A comparison
will be obtained between the rough and
, Aa considerable time and attention
has been given by land owners and others
in Otoe county to soil erosion projects,
Mr. DeLong states he is .In receipt of a
bulletin on soil erosion and and methods
of control, which contains suggestions for
the farmer or land owner who is con
templating auch a project.
Crete Two toys and two girls from
Saline county will be awarded free trips
to club week at the agricultural college
because of high rank In their work ac
cording to W. C. Calvert, county extension
agent. Lowell W'alde. DeWItt: Bertha
Engl. Friend, and Donald Asmus and
Bessie Brydl, Dorchester, ara the cham
pions. Three other Saline county girls, who
pieced In the expense money at the state
fair last year aa a result of demunatra-
(Courtesy Horse Association of America )
This alt-dame) hltrk ran He mad at
Some and uefl oa die or plow with
lngl aiar following, flgare Indira I
allmenaliMNi dim !, of nearl-ehanad
ring I gliea al sliM point, lee) long
tie lata mud fairly big rings la) aravlil
I least lasj liwbev of apara
ateetrr. Indlraled by arntwe ruaalag
from "A." follow arntwa In 4lag horse
together tla alrap running (ram kit at
InaMa heraa thmush Ml or h
nuolde, then through hante af Inside
plow operated with the least ex
ertion. Six-horse hitches are now beinit
used on both sides and plows, with
a disc following. Sonic use six
horses hitched in tandem fashion,
one team following the other, or
all six hitched abreast. The latter
hitch, .with dimensions given, Is
shown in the accompanying dia
gram. i '
Hon work, also wilt hsv their expenses
PS, J to club week. Tha sum won at His
fair was not sufficient to cover all ex
penses, but the people of Wllber have de
cided to raise the remainder of the money
f if them.
The Garden club that won honors at
the Junior and state fairs last year has
been reorganised and will use the same
cnarter granted them by the college last
yar, Mr. Calvert states, it Is located in
Monroe precinct and ia made up of eight
membera. Tha club will specialise In at
tractive landscape garden effects. ,
v- LANCASTER COUNTY.
Lincoln Boya' and Girls' club leadera
throughout the state have been Invited to
attend the "get together" meeting the
extension service Is to hold here during
club week at the agricultural college. It
a planned to work out some of tho proo
lems at thla meeting which will make for
better club work during the ensuing- year.
Wahoo The results of field crop tests
made by the county farm bureau In yea re
past, have saved Saundera county farm
ers more money than the bureau work
will cost for years, and further tests are
to be made this spring, reporta W. F.
Roberts, county extension agent. Kanred
wheat hns- been proven a better variety,
some farmora last , year realizing 1500
more on Kanred than previous plantings
of other varieties, according to Mr.
Kobcrts. The two corn tests atso have
resulted In profitable experience, he
Two new varieties of oats will tie tried
out this year, as well as teats on four
A few outbreaks of hog cholera In
Saundera county have been reported this
spring, and although not of a serious
nature, Mr. Roberta auggesta that extra
precautions be taken at this time. "The
only method of prevention is by vaccina
tion. Vaccination does not cure cholera
but prevents it. The best time to vac
cinate ia abolit 10 days before the pigs
are weaned. - Do not confine the treat
ment to a single dose, unless the hogs
are to be marketed within two weeks,
as the single treatment does not Immune
hoga but from' 10 to 20 days."
A bee cub Is being organised here
with George Olson as leader. - Eight club
members havo reported they will attend
Boys' and Girls' club week.,
, , CASS COUNTY.
Weeping Water The firm, 'lExlt Asca
rles,'.' the round - form In the hog, will
be shown In Cass county the week of
April 24 to 29. These films are of the
best that the United States Department
of Agriculture' has sent out. One place
of meeting which has been asked for Is
District 88 at the school house In Eight
Mile Grove precinct.
George Oehlerklng, D. Deles Dener and
Harry Marshall called the men together
last week to poison gophers. A demon
stration In poisoning wag held in each
nine sections. Of the 27 seotlons repre
sented it is safe to say 21 have been
A poultry club of 17 members was or
ganized In the Louisville School.
Twenty members of the Esgle Pig
club met at the school house for their
second meeting. The county agent and
Leader McMahon met with them. The
lesson on "Care of Sow at Farrowing
Time," was well given.
On the same night we organized a corn
club of five members. These boya wilt
raise good seed-corn adapted to Cess
Mrs. B. D. Robinson will' entertain the
Mead group Tuesday. A sewing machine
attachment demonstration will be given at
this meeting. An interesting meeting
was held last month and quite a number
of women were out to the meeting.
A dress form demonstration will be
held at Mrs. F. B. Gordon's home, south
west oi juempnis, April zti.
The Eldeen club will meet with Mrs.
John Graham at West Ashland Thursday.
A dress form demonstration will be given
in the morning. In the afternoon Miss
Murphy will assiat with the weighing of
the children and discuss disease preven
tion. This'is the third meeting with the
club on health and we are hoping to see
even greater improvement in the children
this time than before. The school chil
dren from the two districts near thla
place will be dismissed for the afternoon
and will also e weighed and measured.
Tho Swedeburg Homemakers will meet
with Mrs. Albert Gustafson for an all
day dress form meeting Friday. Eleven
forms have been made, but there are still
a half dozen or more to be made.
Thirty live stock breeders of Saundera
county attended the annual meeting. The
round worm film from the department of
agriculture was shown and explained by
Dr. A. H. Francis of the federal bureau
of animal Industry. The live stock breed
ers showed a good deal of interest In the
system ot controlling worms described In
the film and keDt Dr. Francis busy an
swering questions for an hour after the
film waa finished.
This film was also shown by the county
farm bureau at Memphis. Cedar Bluffs
and Prague, with a total attendance of
360 people. ,
The offlcera and directors elected by the
Itve stock breedera are aa follows: Pres
ident. R. C. Johnson. Mead; glee presi
dent. Joe Moline. Ceresco; secretary, Wal
ter F. Roberts. Wahoo; treasurer, Harry
AVoodworth. Wahoo; directors, C. M.
SlUrcs. Mead; O. E. Henning, Mead;
Charles Tanner. Memphis; Ray Lampert,
Wahoo; J. H. Holtorf. Jr.. Cedar Bluffs.
Fifty dorrars was mflde available for
boys and girls pig club prizes at the coun
The women In the Murray lub met at
the home of Mrs. O. T. Leyda. How to
use the dress form waa given and the
later part ot tbe afternoon was spent In
triming hata and making flowers. Seven
teen women answered to roll call.
The woitfen near Murray and Mynard
met at the home of Mrs. W. F. Nolte to
watch the demonstration In soap making.
Mrs. Nolte had kettle, cracklings, lye and
grease all In readiness when tha crowd
arrived. The women asked why their
Farmers' Union Notes
"The Farmers Union would make
a rapid growth if somebody in every
community would take it upon himself
to do what T. C. Allen of Dixon,
Wyo., has done," said President Os
borne as he signed his name to a
charter. "Wyoming is under the jur
isdiction of the Nebraska union. Mr.
Allen learned of our organization and
its work and wrote to us for per
mission to organize a local in his
neighborhood. The request was grant
ed, Tie organize the local, and here
goes the charter. He has sent for
more supplies, saying that ho wants
to organize others. That is the spirit."
Announcement has been received
at Nebraska Farmers Union head
quarters of the . forthcoming dedica
tion by the mutual insurance compan
ies of the Kansas Farmers union of
their new $200,000 office building in
Salina early in May. There are two
of these companies, one insuring farm
buildings against fire, lighting and
windstorm, and the Other insuring
crops against hail. The announcement
says that these companies .have
saved their policyholders more than
$500,000, and in addition have accum
ulated reserves of nearly $500,000.
Law Changes Urged.
State President Osborn has re
ceived a letter from National Presi
dent Barrett asking that all farmers
in Nebraska be urged to write their
congressmen and senators to vote for
the extension of the loaning opera
tions of the War Finance corporation
beyond June 30 of this year, the lim
it fixed in the present law. President
Barrett declares that unless the time
is extended great hardship will be
worked tljis fall upon farmers and
their co-operative marketing enter
prises. He also asks that farmers
jog up their congressmen and sena
tors on the Norbeck-King bil, which
provides forv a permanent government
agency to suply credit to agriculture.
Report on Road Probe.
J. O. Shroyer, secretary of the state
legislative committee of the Farmers
union, has been representing the un
ion at the state joad investigation
hearings. In giving his impression of
the hearings as far as-they have pro-
soap was always so dark, and were espec
ially Interested In how the nlte while soap
was obtained. All took the recipe used
In the demonstration home and were go
ing to make soap and send in a report of
the work done.
Blair. An attendance of 419 registered
at the four meetings held In Washington
county, at which the ravages of the round
worm In hogs -was Illustrated and ex
plained in lectnres, according to Carl
Olson, county extension agent. It was
emphasized the round worm eggs cannot
be killed 'by disinfectants and that a
thorough scrubbing with boiling hot wa
ter and lye Is the only way to clean a
hog house. Points stressed were making
the first mouthful a clean mouthful, ro
tating Matures to avoid perpetual para
sites and rotating tha iiog lot.
President N. M. Jensen of the county
farm bureau made aeveral addresses in
the county In the interest of the member
ship campaign. Paid solicitors have been
dispensed with and the work taken over
Sheep owners In Washington county who
will hire their shearing done this year
ara urged by Mr. Olson to communicate
with his office in order that a program
of co-operative shearing may be worked
out. Mr. Olson saya that by arranging a
pool of flocks better prices can be ob
When the present program of tuber
culosis eradication In Washington county
haa been completed, but one township will
be left untested, Mr. Olson states. A
special drive will be made to include
this township, so that the county wilt
become one of the first "clean" counties
In the state.
The first pig club Judging trip of the
year waa taken by the McCarthy, clun,
which Inspected Durocs on the Foley farm.
Fourteen boys are in the club and some
excellent Judges are expected from the
Beatrice A wide-awake and active
Boya' Pig club was organized at Union
Center achool with a total membership ot
nine. These boys are determined to show
their dads how to raise prize winning
porkers. Each one of them has a pure
bred Poland China aow that haa farrowed
a litter this spring. -
A program of work was outlined by the
boys at their meetirut. They expect to
take up discussion on feeding. Judging,
getting ready for the show and how to
make sales. Six meetings will be held
during the year. The officers elected
are: Lawrenc Jones, president. Liberty;
Roy Bradley, vice president. Blue Sprinas;
Orvsl W. Goln, secretary. Liberty; Ches
ter K. Goln, treaaurer. Liberty.
gres-jed, lie said: "State Engineer
jonnson ana otners, oy accusing;
county officials of local mismanage
ment, have sought to draw attention
from the, gigantic mistakes of state
officials. Apparent indifference was
paid to the mistakes of the state
and federal governments, or they
were excused on the ground that the
head office could not be held respon
sible for the mistakes of subordi
nates. The whole committee had rea
sonable fairness in mind, but the ef
ficiently organzied effort of Mr. John
son and his engineers was put up
against the unorganized efforts of
the various counties. The sreneral
public will regret after it is over that
more interest was not taken. Richard
son county put up the strongest fight.
Mr. Johnson now interprets the law
to mean that he can spend more than
5 per cent for--engineering expense
on any project, providing the enui-
ncerinit expense for all projects in the
state do not average more than 5 per
cent. In some counties the engineer
ing expense has run as high as 15
Organize New Local". '
Bfcomfield. A new local of the
farmers union was organized north
west of -here by H. C. Elwood,
whose home is in Antelope county,
south of Creighton. Mr. Elwood
was one of the first organizers of
the farmers union when it started
in this part of the stated-more than
10 years ago,, and he is still in the
harness. The number of the new
local is 1484. The early, locals in
this county have numbers much un
Discuss Phone Rates.
. Dorchester. About 150 farmers
attended the convention of the Saline
County Farmers union held here.
This was considered a very large at
tendance for this season of the year
when farmers are so busy with
their field work. One-cause for the
lively interest in this meeting was
the discussion of telephone rates
and service, a question now being
agitated among the farmers of the
county. A. L. Ullstrom, one of the
directors of the state organization,
was present part of the day. It was
an all-day convention,
Burt County Meeting. '
Oakland A meeting of the Burt
County Farmers union will be held
in this city April 28. . President C.
J. Osborn of the state union will be
present and give an address. This
is a rally meeting for the county
following a series of local meetings
held throughout the county recently
by J. O. Shroyer of the stae or
ganizing force. The call is signed
by A. H.. Gilbert county president,
and Lester Lotz, county secretary.
Plan Wider Margin. ,),.
Murdock. The board of directors
of the farmers union elevator, here
has decided to operate on a .some
what wider margin on grain. It
finds that the margin has not been
wide enough to cover - shrinkage
and protect against possible fluctua
tions in; market prices. The com
pany is co-operative, so if any
profit accumulates from the 'wider
marging it will be paid back to the
patrons in proposition to their patron
age. The board believes that it 'will
be better to make dividends at the
end of the year, after depreciation
and reserves have been provided for,
than to make -dividends "over the
Osborn at Allen.
Allen. President Osborn of the
state farmers union addressed a spe
cial meeting of the Dixon County
Farmers union on the subject of the
finance corporation now being or
ganized. Owing to the ideal weather
for field work, following snow and
rain which.delayed seeding and plow
ing, the attendance was not so
large as was expected. Mr. Osborn
expressed pleasure at the " interest
shown in the subject he presented
as well as in farmers union work in
general. Arrangements were made
with Andrew Mathiesen of Wakefield
to do some organizing work in this
county, which already has a large
farmers union membership.
Krllcy WrlU Doubling Pro
duction SrrJ Prove Stf
periority Firt State
Lincoln It it not improbable, that
the Matte valley ,hith crones the
entire lUtc from cist to west, even
tually will grow potatoes in coinmrr.
cial quantities at the "Kcllcy well"
hit made it possible to double the
yield over a considerable area in the
vicinity , of Kearney and Grand
Island, which reasonably niay be
expected to be extended to other
localities, says the state bureau of
market and crop estimate.
The bulk of Nebraska's potato
production, believed to be one of the
most fascinating industries of the
state's future, now conies -from the
western, south central and north
"The development of the potato
industry is by no means limited to
these districts," declared a bureau
bulletin. "It is not improbable that
the entire I'latte valley will eventu
ally grow potatoes in commercial
quantities, while the 'Kcllcy well'
already lias made double yields pos
sible over a considerably wider area.
"Nebraska seed potatoes have
proven their superiority over all com
petitors for high, yielding, qualities
and freedom from disease, and with
in two years, the two seed potato
growing districts designated as the
Kimball and l'ine ' Ridge districts,
have established enviable reputa
"The compulsory seed law, the
first to be passed by any state, is
partly responsible for' healthy Ne
braska potatoes, as it requires as
sorting and grading of each carlot
shipment originating in the state and
provide for inspection bv the state
of each shipment at the point of
'lhe development of storage fa
cilities also has profited potato grow
ers and future development will
probably be along the line of co
operative track-side storage and lo
cal cold storage plants.
"With more than 6,000 Nebraska
farmers selling potatoes each year,
and with 40 to 50 per cent of the
crop going to market, the impor
tance of the industry at present is
at once apparent, and rightfully takes
its place as being one of the state's
fascinating industries of the future."
Junior State Fair
Is Planned in Iowa
Des Moines. Ia. Plans for the
junior state fair for every farm boy
and girl in Iowa, embracing compe
titions in livestock, farm produce,
judging and demonstrations, almosTS
as extensive as those for their elders,
were announced by the department
Premiums totaling $8,942.75 are of
fered fop the junior farmers of the
state in the prize lists for the jun
ior department orjowa state fair.
This is the largest sum ever offered
by the state fair management for
hoys' and girls' awards, it is said.
Secretary A. R. Corey stated today
that lie believed the added awards
would serve to make the junior de
partment of the fair, the greatest in
.Frizes ottered in tne junior at
partment are as follows:
Market calf feeding contest, $1,.
425; purebred heifer clubs, $850; pig
club. SJ.oUU: sheep club, SW5; poul
trv rluhs $472" mm rlnh $24r annle
club, $42.50; garden club, $147.75;
canning club, $231; sewing garments,
$189; farm records, S62; demonstra
tions, $1,445; boys' judging contest,
$600; boys' and girls' team judging,
$305; girls home furnishings,- $82;
personal records, $12.50; wool ex
hibits, $100; total. $8,942.
As in former years, the boys and
girls entered in the junior state fair
will be housed free . of charge in
separate dormitories throughout the
period of the competitions. Expec
tations are that every county in
Iowa will send junior representatives
to the state, exposition which will be
held this year from. August 23 to
September 1. .
Agricultural Contest . .
Will Be Held in Lincoln
Lincoln The Eighth annual high
school agricultural contest" will be
held at the- University of Nebraska
agricultural college May 4, 5, .with
an enrollment that present indica
tions will exceed, the entries of 1921,
when representatives of 24 high
schools participated. The contest, an
annual affair, began in 1915, with
se venhirh schools represented.
Thp first seven of the contests
were devoted only; to the judging of
horses, sheep, hogs and tat cattle.
This year, according to announce
ment, the orocram has been expand
ed to include grain grading and iden
tification, milk testing, egg grading
and wood working.
The contest is open to . students
in all Nebraska high Schools in
which agriculture is taught. '.
Every dead c,ar of corn means 700
stalks missing from the field. ; Test
For the first timein many months
the price of the things the farmer
sells and otlthe tnings tne larmer
buvs seem to be coming definitely
closer together. S
To leave a can of cresm around
With cover open wide,
Among the onions, squash and things.
Some folks have -often tried, i
Good cream this practice never brings
To town day after day.
With cleanliness and coolness found,
The cream will pay ita way.
Insects alone cause an annual loss
Nebraska equal to 5 to 10 per
cent of the yearly value of all crops
Farm account books simplify in
come tax returns. ' '
A one-man farm pays all the
profits to one man the man who
does the work.
Idle workhorses are expensive
By ALEXANDER DANA NOYES.
tlMtaaa la) Win,
Xew York, April .'J, It was f.rtu
nic for the peace of mind of Wall
Street, at any rate, tlut the unbroken
series of million share market since
the owning of April, vwih (heir rise
in prices, had not been based on ex
pectation of results at (irnu. If
the lie no conference bad been wlut
the stock exchange calls the "bull
argument," then the reaction of
Tuesday following Germany's per.
formancc and the political appre
hensions aroused by it, would luve
been vastly more severe.
Knt financial judgment, although
hoping for the bes when the con
ference assembled, was entirely re
served in its expectations. The cf
frontry of the Kustiun klratrf,
thrir presentation of a ttaim of thnr
own for 2,01X1,000,000 gold rubles
attains! the allied government, was
taken in financial circles as a quite
inevitable incident of the iulroduc.
lion of soviet sans culottes into the
atmosphere of diplomatic frock coat
and top hats, and the feeling that
Germany's delegate would somehow
make a mess of their part in the
negotiation had been nrrttv Pre
valent, even before Moray's an
nouncement. KurnpMa Mark Adtanr.
r'van an tha Kumiwan siiu k marl
Iha ailvam-a In ml4-lr, -uritira mi
llnuttl afir III naws nf lhe lluuu-iirr-man
tri-aly. Hrlnah ar loana mail
Mnr htKh words" fae day afit a -rl:
our awn luvrsiinvnt bond markal "1 nl
van halt ami Iha s-t.k hi thn aim-k
markrt turiiol vut Id hanllv m,ir
fornixUhla than Iha familiar "Tudnv
reaction.' Slnst ronrvMtiya people in
Wall si reel. Initexl, prr-i1 arallflra-
Hon that Just smh a rraiimn In priri-s
anouia nava nrrurran, tnat colli in "pro
fjlunal niirealor' anil tha "outaiila pati-ll,-'hoiiit
hava r-vnl ao early and
harp a ri-mlndt-r of Iha plifalla whlrh ara
sura lo aurround unbridled speculation fur
lhe rise. , ,
llul If "CJenna" wa not a real Influent-a
on tha flnanWat markela either lt week
or Iha week before, lhe money and Invest
merit, situation wa. and Its influence eon
Untied. It Ia true Iha federal reserva bank
did not lower lis redisrount rata at last
Wednesday's meeting, notwithstanding: Ilia
fart that sharp reai-tlnn In tha Ireaaiiry'a
rat for lovernment short-term loans had,
up to that time, usually been Iha forerun
ner of sui-h action.
Wall Street Disappointed.
Wall street spoke of thla failure lo
redura tha rraerva bank rata from the
present H per rent level even after a 4
per rent rata had bi-en flsed at III Bank
of Knxland aa a disappointment. Or-cumstam-ea
will undoubtedly govern the
reserve lank s action during the next few
weeks or months, but It is a ressonsble
auesa that at present tha policy of Iha
system la lo be based on tha principle
that, with rondltlona what they Just now
are In American marketa. tha rediscount
rata ought to . be kept well above the
Tha miataka of 1tlt Is not likely to be
repeated when, during IS months In that
year of excited apeculatlon, private banka
which were getting 14 lu I per cent In
the open market for their loans on com
mercial paper and nearly aa much for
their loans on Liberty . bond collateral,
were able to rediscount these very loans
st the federal reserve for 4 per cent.
That policy wsa partly a consequence of
the .war pledges msda by the treasury
to suhscrilera In the 1 91 S war loan drives,
but tha reaults were most unfortunate
It had a hand unquestionably In permit
ting the wild forestalling craze to go an
far In all the speculative markets that
when the reaerve banka were eventually
compelled to . change their policy, the
collapse of the markets waa ot the great
est Imaginable severity.
PRIMARY RECEIPTS AND SHIPMENTS.
Today Tear Ago
Corn 260,000 408.000
Wheat and flour 16,000 7,010
1 CHICAGO RECEIPTS.
' Week fear
Carlote Today. Ago. Ago.
Wheat 62 26 42
Corn 124 74 136
Oats 61 - 38 S2
KANSAS CITT RECEIPTS.
Corn . ,
Corn . .
. 68 28
ST. LOUIS RKCEIPTS.
NORTH WESTERN WHEAT
Carlots - ' I
Mlnneapolia ...,..'., .152 201
Duluth , 69 59
Winnipeg 208 20i
CHICAGO CLOSING PRICES,
By Updike Grain Co. DQ, 2627. April 22.
I Open. I High. Low. Close. Tea.
l.ISsl 1.20 V
1. 10141 1.12
i ll A
1.03 I 1.05 ',4
New York rorr ' .
New Tork, Aprfl 22. The market for
coffee futures opened at a decline
oi io z to 12 points under European
selling and scattering May liquidation.
May sold off to J.O.I80- or 10 points net
lower and later . showed little feature,
although later monthe turned steadier
after the early selling orders had been
absorbed. September rallied from .76o
tp 9.860 or 7 points net higher on cov
ering and trade buying. The market
closed net 10 points lower to 5 points
higher. May, 10.15c: July, 10.05c; Sep
tember. 9.84c; October. 9.81c; December,
9.75c; January and March. 9.74"c. Sales
were estimated at about 31,000 bags. 1
Spot coffee was firm, at 11 to 11 c
for Rio 7s and 14o to' 15o for Santos
w York Drygood.
New Tork, April 22. Cotton goods
primary markets were steady today with
recent advances in print cloths and
sheetings fully maintained. Finished
goods were less active than unfinished
lines. Tarns were steadier with more of
a tendency to rise nearer a parity of
coat values. Burlaps were attractive of
most Interests. Silks were steadier and
more confidence was spparent in primary
channels. Linens were steady but quiet.
Kansas City Wheat.
Kansas City. April 22. Wheat Cash.
No. 2 hard, $1.381.66; Na, 2 red, 41.400
Corn No. 2 white. 56c: No. S vellow.
68c: No. 3 yellow. 67 58c.
Kansaa City. Aoril 22. Wheat Close:
May, 61.34; July. 11.20; September.
corn May. Eic: Ju y. Esilc: SeDtem-
Turpentine and Roeln.
Savannah. Anrll 22. Turn-Mine Firm.
77c; antes. 150 bbls.; receipts. 170 bbla.;
hlpmenta. 80 bbls.; stncK. I.S30 bbls.
Rosin Firm: sales. 602 caaks: receipts,
C35 casks: shipments, 507 casks; stock,
Quote: B. 4.50:rEF. 64.15: GUI,
34.17: K. 14.30; M. 14 60: N, 55.00; WO.
15.50; WW. JS.75.
St. l.oali Grain. j
St. Louis. Aprik 22. Wheat May, I
l.i:; July. 11.26.
Receipts Today, Ago
Wheat 662,0(10 J74.000
Corn ....... 438,000 743,000
Oats 836,000 653,000
Wheat 401,000 6S3.000
Corn J4B.000 t.63,000
Oat 408,000 664.000
corn May. &c; -miy, s--.se.
Oata May J8Vc: July. 41c. i
fwralsfcea r atai at kefctaek, a.
teiiaea af ajn.a.wia. tuiea al si.
si a4 usetiiai
trtMl ll fl
llieiiet ,, !
sin ; ,r
W ! I
Ilea. Ilgllt ill
mi.. i,y .... '
H1. S ,
t m. k
! t ,
a. I .tit...,. .M....
b: I .,
I'taraS . ....
t'aaa tount, ca i il
('(tilery, lab ... .. .. ,
I'iMiHirs, ,. .(.' ,it
I sunny, raininea .lltf .IS
Uullrr fat l lit !-
I Iliad pram. .No. I!.II1M
No, 1 biiii , l.Sw lite
No. s aiti , t.e ss
Midland tl(l No. I II Sow lit
.Na, 3 pisirie ! II.S
Na. J prairie T o .'
Lowland rain No. I S .1
No. 1 uiairi , T.eeu
art raw, eat ..1
) eat ti se
14 oo I! a
e.oc Jl e
rRt'lTI AND VM ItTAlll.ES.
Msnanast Pound. 1 Stylo.
iiianar. Mis 214 nd larger, M Sen
611; ai Si. SleuSOi ia :. II. :i
!; ih, 1:4. U.outfli
lnion: 'ar bos, i.tt t. I
. Oisiu-lruil: ('rat. Il.ooo .
tApiUe (a. cor. ling to sis and grade)!
IMn-Uiu, llalfS0; Horn lleaulles,
IZ.SOtt J 74: Hlaik 'rig. 13 UfftU: Wine
ean, tlof4.ou; Arkansas Ills, k, !:,"
4oa; Hen I vi., t:.UVl.aj Ntoa rip-pin-.
I: too en.
Hirawbrrrirs (ciatr It pint botes):
Figs i:t pkga. os)i Per boi, t:!t;
bulk, per lb.. Utjlte.
Potatoes: Net iseka hariy Ohio No. I.
per cwL, lldutr 1.15: Colorado nd Idaho
While, per eat., :0"tj:i; Red Rioer
Ohio No. I, per cwt., II tucyi.U; OrSD
Netted Oeina, per il 12, V.
Mweet potatoes: Per bu , tt.71 02.50.
Celeryi liosen.V tlctti 00.
Head l.ettux): Crates. 14 1011.01
dosen. Il.:il 50; leaf letlurt, doiea, 7ta
Itubarh: 40-45. pound crates, J 71,
Kgg Plant: Dosen, II. "0.
Onions: lied, lb., lotrljc; yellow, lb.,
ldtflic; Tesaa costal ax , 45-lb. crates,
3.:ir4 00; onion seta. h . 4rlor.
Cauliflower: Crates, l:.00t2.7l.
Cucumbers: Toien fsnry snd estta
fancy. 12.75 1) 3. 26; Florida, crates of S
doten, 17.60; baskets of 2 doeen, 12.50.
Carrol: Old, per lb., S(4c.
Turnips: did, per lb., 3493iC
Meets: Old. per lb., 3 It 3 4c.
Cabbage: New Teiaa, per II'. t04e.
Tomatoes: Crates, 14.0004.10; lugs.
Young Southern Radishes: Doten, 400
Young Southern Carrots: Cozen, SOcO
Toung Southern Beets: Doten, OOctr
Toung Southern Onions: Doten. 35c,
Toung Southern Turnips: Doten, tOe.
Spinach: Pound, llttU'c,
Phallotta: Doien. 65f76c.
Oreen Peppers: Pound, 30t35e.
Parsley. Doten lunches. 46075c.
Nuts: Black walnuts, lb., to; English
walnuta, lb.. 22936c: Bratll nuts, large,
washed, lb., li'(f lc; Brazil nuta, medium,
washed, lb.. 14160; pecans, lb., 223(ic;
almonds, lb., sack lota, 28c; peanuts.
Jumbo, raw, BtflOc: Jumbo, roasted, 100
14c; Ko. I raw, i9c; No. 1 rotated. 100
Honey: In comb, per ease, f5.O0$5.S0;
extracted, 10-lb. cana. per lh., 20c; Air
line. 14-oz. jars, 2 dot. to case. 17.50.
Wholeaal prices of beef cuts are as
follows: No. 1 Ribs. 19c; No. 1 Ribs. 17c:
No. S Ribs. 13c. No. 1 Loins, 26c; No'. 2
Loins, 24c; No. 8 Loins, 20o. No. 1
Rounds, 16c; No. Rounds, 16c; No. S
Rounds, 13o. No. 1 Chucks, 9c; No. 2
Chucks, 9c; No. S Chucks, 8c. No. 1
Plates, 6c; No. 2 Plates, tc; No. S Plate;.
HIDES' AND WOOL.
Beef hides: Green salted No. 1, per lb.,
5&6c; green salted No. 2. per lb., 4S6c;
green hides. No. 1, per lb.. 34c; green
hides. No. S, per lb., 203c; green aalted
(old stock), per lb., 203c; green sslted
bull hides. No. 1, per lb, 3c; green salted
bull hldea. No. 2, per lb.. 2c
Horte hides: Large, each, 12.50; me
dium, each, 12.00; small, each, 11.60; pony
and gluea, each, 75cOJ1.00.
Sheep pelts: Green aalted, aa to alze
and wool, each, 6075c; ahearlng, pells,
green aalted, aa to sit and wool, each.
Wool: Choice, fin one-halt blood, per
lb., 20 24c; medium and three-elghtba
blood, per lb., 1821c: dow and one-fourth
blood, per lb., 15tJKc; burry wool, per
Wholesale prices on beef cuts are as
follows: No. 1 ribs, 18c; No. 2 ribs. 17c;
No. 3 ribs, .14c; No. 1 loins. 2ic; No. 2
loins, 24c; No. 3 loins, 20c; No. 1 rounds,
16c; No. 2 rounds. 16c; No, 3 rounds,
16c; No. 1 chucts, 10c; No, 2 chucks,
10c; No. 3 chucks, 8c; No. 1 plates,
5af No, 2 plates, 6c; No. 3 plates. 4c.
Bank clearings In the United States for
the week ending April 20. reported by
telegraph to Brsdstreet's Journal, New
York, aggregate 57,035,495,000, against 6..
699,491.000 last week and $6,116,182,000
In this week last year. Canadian clear
ings aggregate ' 1177,581.000, as against
1218,716.000 last week and 5267,128,000 In
this week last year. Following are the
returns for this week and last, with per
centages of change shown thla week as
compared with this week last- year:
April 20. April 13.
New Tork. .. .14,478,200,000 14,094.600.000
Cincinnati . . .
Denver . ,. . ,
Houston ..... '-
Memphis- '...". -Indianapolis
Salt Lako City
Fort Worth. . ,
Providence . ..
Rochester . .
1 Total, V. S. . . 7,036.495.000 . 699,491,000-
TCrnn'srreet'a P"ood Index number, based
on the wholesale prices per pound of
31 articles used for food, is 13.26. com- ,
paring with 13.26 last week, and 12.94
for the week ending April 21, 1921. This
week's number la unchanged from last
week, but shows a gain of 10.8 per cent
over the like week of last year.
Ftnur. red wheat, corn, oats, barley.
hams, raw sugar, coffee." beans, eggs, cot
ton, gray goods, linseed oil, pig Iron,
basic; pig iron. Bess.; pig Iron, southern;
car wheels, old: Phila.; car wheels, old.
Chlc: steel acrap, Pitts.; ateel scrap, Chi.;
cast iron, Chi.; coke, lead, antimony, tin;
wheat, spring; pork, mess; cotton-seed
oil, peas, potatoes, beeves, liv; hogs,
live; sheep, live; lambs, live; hay, spel
ter. Weekly Failures
Business fallurea for the week ending
April 20 number 448. which compares
with 600 last week, 308 In the like week
of 1921. 145 ia 1920, 101 in 1919, and 160
In 1918. '
Our Regular 10c Cut ol Delicious
WEEK'ef APRIL 24 ta 29 ONLY
All 6 WELCH Restaurants
Powered by Open ONI