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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1922)
he' Omaha" Sunday Bee
VOL 51 NO. 43.
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OMAHA, SUNDAY, MORNINU. APRIL 23, 1922.
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Father o f
a i rk
, Group of Ntlirabluiii in Wash
inglon Gather lo Pay Re
peeta for J. Sterling
Christen Tree for State
By E. C. SNYDER.
W ashing I wmnrim af The IWw.
Washington, April 2J. (Special
Ttli-grim.J-rThe golden anniversary
of the first Arbor day in this coun
try was celebrated by the American
forestry association in the plant
ing of three memorial trees Hut
morning at 10:30 in front of the
hcadquailers of the association here
in honor of J. titcrlinsj Morton, the
father of Arbor day, who instituted
tin custom in .V-uraka m it-'.
April is also the Willi annfVcrsary
;l the birth of Mr. Morton.
At the hour named a group of Ae
hraskans, including Representative
Robert Kvans of the Third district;
William 1". Andrews of the Fifth dis
trict; Mrs. Kobrrt Evans; lion John
McClelland of Grand Island; Hon.
I' rod K. Xcilson, solicitor tor the
Stale department; Mr. and Mrs,.
CdKar Scott of Omaha; Mrs. W. LI.
It.irklcy, former dean of the women,
university of Nebraska; Mrs. Anni
C. Sorensen of Lincoln; Mrs. John
N. Baldwin of Omaha; Miss C. L.
Dodge, Omaha; John B., Shanahau,
secretary to Congressman Jcffcri.
who is the father of the movement
which culminated today in the mem
orial services, and li. C. Snyder,
I'nited States marshal for the Dis
trict of Columbia, grouped them
selves about the "Nebraska tree,"
Norway maple, and saw Mrs. John
N". Baldwin and Mrs. Barklcy de
posit the first spadeful of earth upon
Norria Sends Regrets.
Senator Norris, fn a letter to Sec
retary Ridsdale of the Forestry as
sociation, stated that it had been his
intention to be present at the cere
monies, but that hearings before the
committee on agriculture, of which
he is chairman, made it impossible
for him to attend. A letter coucheJ
, in somewhat similar phrase was re
ceived from Senator Hitchcock, who
stated that he- would be in Omaha
on the occasion of the celebration.
The semicentennial of the first
Mate-wide tree planting, which was
inaugurated by Mr, Morton, closes
tonight when the American Forestry
tV?eiOB wiU broadcast the radio
cail to the country to preserve the
forests and. provide additional fire
prevention forces. It is the first
time in the history that such a call
has been sent out by radio. The
call is to go out from the Westing
house broadcasting station Pitts
burgh, and marks the close of forest
protection and' Arbor week pro
claimed by President. Harding.
After the tree planting the Amer
ican Forestry association sent tele
grams to Governor McKelvie, Joy
Morton of Chicago, a son of J.
Sterling Morton, and to the mayor
of Nebraska City, the home of Mr.
Congressman Jefferis regretted
exceedingly that illness kept him
from being present on this memor
able occasion when "Nebraska's
tree," one of the sturdiest of its
kind, was planted along one of
Washington's most historic streets.
Fremont Bankers Hear
Howell Talk on Radio
Fremont, Neb., April .(Spe
cialsDevelopment of the .radio
phone and conditions. in Europe
rince'the war were subjects discussed
before Group 2 of the Nebraska
State Bankers' association here to
day by R. B. Howell of Omaha, a
candidate for the republican nomina
tion for United States senator. Mr.
Howell outlined the possibility of
extensive radio development and told
o! some of the problems connected
with use of the air by conflicting sta
Western Air Mail Pilots
Establish New Records
Salt Lake City, April 22. Eight
air mail pilots on . the western di
vision of the mail service established
a record yesterday for the total
flying time consumed in making the
four round trips between Salt Lake
and Rock Springs, Wyo.; Salt Lake
and Elko, Nevada; Reno, Nevada,
and Elko, and San Francisco and
Reno, it was announced today.
The total flying time, including
take-offs and circling of fields
for altitude, it was reported, amount
ed to IS hours and 23 minutes for
the total flying distance of 1,570
miles. This beats the former best
record of 15 hours and 36 minutes.
The average speed maintained by the
eight pilots was more than 100 miles
Freight Increase Held Up
by Commerce Commission
Washington, April 22. Increases
in through rates on apples from the
North Pacific coast to eastern con
suming points, -which would have be
come effective April 24 under rail
road alterations in existing freight
schedules, were prevented by the
Interstate Commerce commission,
which ordered the railroad proposals
suspended until August 22. An in
vestigation will be instituted in the
meanwhile to determine the reason
ability of the advances.
The increase in the rates would
have resulted from the cancellation
of through rates now in effect which
in most cases are lower than a com
bination of local or joint rates.
: The time for the hearing has not
jet been set,.
I Coming Campaign Theme
of Gridiron Club Frolic
President Harding: and Many Notables Present at
Annual Spring Dinner Congress and Political
Parties Come In for Share of Satire Judge
Landis Prepared for Emergency..
II) The A 'ml . .
' hiiigiMii. Apri '.'. I he Grid
iru ( tub look the approaching po
I licil campaign fr the theme of
the frolic at it annual sprig din
ner tonight and for M) odd di
tiiiguikhi'd g tic -Is provided fun at
the expense of public men and af
fair. rreoideut Harding, Vice President
Coolidge. alt of the members of the
cabinet. Speaker Gillett, many mem.
hers of both houses of congress, the
diplomatic corps, owners and edi
tors of newspapers and many others
prominent in business, financial and
professional life sat at the tables and
enjoyed the fun.
When the dinner bell rang in old
fashioned style, President Harding,
escorted by James P. Hornadav, the
new president if the club, and Wash
ington rorrcfpemdent of the Indian
apolis New, led the procession into
the banquet hall.
Former Judge Landis was intro
duced with an appropriate parody
on an old song. "Take Me Out to
the Ball Game." Judge Landis ex
plained that a contrivance around his
neck was a hot water bottle which
he always carried for ue "in case
the fellows who are paying tne my
salary get cold feet."
Between each course of the menu
a one-minute skit was presented. One
ot these was the discovery of an ex
plosive bomb, which; when opened,
proved to be the bonus bill. An
other .centered upon George Harvey,
ambassador to Great Britain, Im
personated by a club member, who
demanded an opportunity to make
"President Harding," remarked
President Hornaday, "is perfectly
willing to let George make all the
speeches he wants to at a Gridiron
dinner; for reporters are never pres
Rip Van Winkle appeared and was
awakened from his sleep with great
"Has the Fordney tariff bill passed
the senate?" be asked.
"No." was the reply,
"Well," he remarked yawning, "I
might as well go to sleep again for
another 20 years."
Coal Strike Chestnut
There was a laugh when omission
of any reference to the coal strike
was made the subject of an inquiry.
Report on Road
Probe Will Be
Prepared May 10
Engineers Find Missing Field
Notes of Douglas County
Work Shows No Signs
of Being Changed.
Lincoln, April 22. (Special Tele
gram.) The road probe committee,
investigating relative cost of state
and county roads, adjourned until
May 10, when a final report will be
prepared at Lincoln.
The last testimony introduced was
a report signed by Dean Stout, en
gineer, and H. K.Bishop, chief con
struction engineer of the federal bu
reau of roads, stating the field note
books missing for ( several weeks
from Johnson's office held nothing
to indicate the contractor had been
paid for more excavations than were
Books Not Changed.
"We do not find the slightest evi
dence that the . 1 books had been
manipulated in order to increase
yardage of earth removed, and upon
which contractor received final pay-,
ment," the report read. "We are
further of the opinion that the sus
picions oi T. W. Hamilton, the en
gineer, making charges, that notes
had been manipulated was due to
his failure to properly interpret
Testimony was introduced showing
that the county board of Richardson
county was cognizant of the fact that
J. F. Mullin, a state engineer working
on Richardson county project, had a
contract for work at Humboldt at
the time be began working for the
state and before accepting the state
job hired Waldo Porr, another engi
neer, to complete the Humboldt jub.
Cause of Complaints.
The fact was further developed that
complaints against ' Johnson from
Richardson county started shortly
after Johnson, at the request of cer
tain Richardson county taxpayers,
filed the results of an investigation
of county road affairs there, which
resulted in a grand jury indictment.
The invesigation further showed
that Waldo later became an em
ploye of the state but at no time
worked for the state while working
for Mullin on the Humboldt job.
17th and Faraam
"Well." explained member, "we
always hate dinner in April and
at the April dinner we always have a
coal strike skit. It has become sini ,
a cursinut mi inn year we cut n
Letters were rrad, which had been
received in answer to this advtrtie
inent: "Watend A leader for the
republican party in congress. Experi
ence unnecessary, Addtcos the
Gridiron club, Wa.hington, D, C."
Wilbur Glenn Voliva, luceessor to
Alexander Dowie, ai alleged to
have written? "I have proved that
the earth is flat with a solid dome.
So is the republican party. Will take
leadership." Charlie Chaplin suggest
ed hi availability as a distributor of
pie. Henry Ford offered his services
because, as his letter averted, "I
am an expert on ratles,"
Elmer Dover, assistant secretary of
the treasury, was presented with the
axe which Adlai Stevenson made
faniou; the presentation being made
by a delegation in Indian coMutnc.
"Take it, paleface," said the hearer
o (the axe, "and may the Great White
Father glory in your nerve."
Party Leaders Present.
As the theme of the dinner was the
approaching political campaign, the
presence of Chairman Adams and
Chairman Hull gave additional zest
to the jolts impartially given both
parties. The political skit was a com
bination of songs and dialogue, pre
sented by club members seated
around a stove in the "Squash Ceu
ler Cash Grocery."
"When the women really begin to
vote," remarked one of the farmers,
with tars in his voice, "we have to
buy all of our tobacco from a boot
legger." A song deploring the retention of
the democratic postmaster and tear
fully pleading "for the jobs that we
are needing," was sung with much
spirit. Several pertinent or imper
tinentinquiries were referred to the
man in the moon.
"Why the man in the moon?"
some one asked.
"Well," was the reply, "as Presi
dent Harding passes the buck to
congress- and congress passes the
buck to the President Harding, we
have to pass the buck to the man in
Congress was dealt with in a
parodya fn the old song, "O, Dear,
What Can the Matter Be?"
on Bitiilithic Is
Made to County
Joint Good Roads Committee
of Civic Bodies Opposes
A further protest against the use
of bitulithic pavement on Douglas
county highways was addressed to
the county commissioners yesterday
by the joint good roads committee,
representing' the Automobile club,
the Chamber of Commerce and five
other civic organizations. The let
ter, signed by the chairman, said:
"The joint good roads committee
instructs me to notify you that they
do not approve of your action in let
ting the contract for bitulithic pave
ment on rpads 38 and 41 for the rea
son that we are not in favor of the
laying of any kind of paving on
which a royalty has to be paid for
any so-called patent. -
"We are anxious to see as- much
paveme'nt laid in the county as our
bond money will lay and a kind that
will last, and we : do not approve
when your body lets a contract for a
higher price that in our opinion bet
ter pavement can be laid and with no
royalty strings attached to it. ,
i "We recommend that no more of
this kind of pavement be contracted
for or built."
New U. S. Envoy to Berlin
, Berlin, April 22. (By A. P.)
Alanson B. Houghton, the new
American Embassador to Germany,
presented his credentials today to
President Ebert, who received the
ambassador in the presence of Dr.
Haniel Von Haimhausen, under
secretary for the foreign office, in
the absence ef Foreign Secretary
Rathenau, at Genoa. ,
Trip-to-France Candidates Organize
Friends Under Campaign Managers
Newspapers in Nebraska and
Iowa Cities Co-Operating
to Boost Their Nominees.
The Omaha Bee Good Will elec
tion is developing into the most re
markable and interesting contest
ever staged by paper or organiza
tion in the United States.
In Omaha, in Council Bluffs, Lin
coln, Hastings, Shenandoah, Bea
trice, Missouri Valley, Beaver City,
Alliance and Wabash, candidates
arc organizing their friends under
campaign managers and preparing
for a carnival of Good Will the like
of which has never before been
Due to the influence of the Amer
ican Committee and donations by its
friends it has been made possible for
the first time in history to give away
prizes in connection with the raising
of funds for charitable purposes.
R u s s i a n
Secretary t Hughes Informs
Senate Subpoena for Halh
itieteff Cannot Re
Borah to Pursue Quest
Bf Tk AwaHt4 Tmt,
Washington, April 22. Senator
Borah's determination to have the
Russian ambassador before the sen
ate committee li the table talk of the
moment In the capital.
Outwardly it is a simple proposal
to have Mr. Bakhtnetelf tell the sen
ators what he knows about the con
duct and alleged atrocities of Gcuer
al Semcnoff, the Cossack leader, in
Siberia. Incidentally, Senator Borah
wants to get the ambassador to give
the details about what government
he represents. But under the sur
face there is something deeper and
more far-reaching, something which
one set of minds contends goes back
to the wisdom of the framcrs of the
constitution and on the other hand,
something which another set of
minds contend ought to be viewed
in the light of changed conditions
and progress. The diplomats are
deeply disturbed two ways. Some
of them are fearful of a breakdown
of their ancient rights and immuni
ties. Some others, although they do
not say so, indicate they would not
be displeased at a precedent which
might establish the propriety of hav
ing direct intercourse with officials
of the government outside the leg
islative branch. As the matter now
stands, Secretary lluchcs has in
formed the senate that Mr. Bakhme
teff is the ambassador of Russia and
that a subpoena cannot be served
hailing him before a congressional
committee. Senator Borah says he
will detl with the matter further
from the floor of the senate. Mean
while it might be said that the exec
utive branch of the government is
uneasy over the predicament, possi
bly regarding it as a progressive
symptom of what some have describe
as the gradual encroachment of the
legislative branch of the government
on the executive.
Wide Immunities Conferred.
The oldest traditions of interna
tional law confer widest immunities
on diplomats, their persons and es
tablishments on the ground that only
by such safeguards can a diplomatic
officer be of any real service, to his
own government. As tar back as
1790 congress enacted .. explicit and
far-reaching- laws in accord " With
those traditions. '
It has happened that resident
diplomatic agents have been quite
willing personally to respond to in
quiries and supply their testimony to
American courts, but it is also the
fact that by the terms of interna
tional law they are strictly forbid
den to do so except by special direc
tion of their own governments and
this is rarely given, even . though
miscarriage of justice occurs and
criminals escape just punishment. "
In the present instance, it is well
understood that Mr. Bakhmeteff has
(Turn to Pace Six, Column On.)
John J. Mahoney, 68,
Dies From Paralysis
. John J. Mahoney, 68, - pioneer
of Omaha, died yesterday from
paralysis after a five-dav illness in
h!3 home, 906 South Thirty-third
street. He was born in Indianapolis,
Ind., and came to Omaha with his
p .rents in 1856.
Mr. Mahoney was active in po
litical . circles, being auditor of
treasurer during the Neville admin
istration. He was . associated with
the late Charles E. Fanning in the
paving business. Surviving him are
his widow, Mary A. Mahoney; a
son. John R. Mahoney, and two
daughters, the Misses Eva and May
Mahoney of Omaha.
Funeral services will be held Mon
day morning at 9 from the family
residence and in St. Peters church
where mass will be offered by the
Rev. Michael Stagno. Burial will be
in Holy Sepulcher cemetery. ; .
Stratton Man Dies of
: Auto Accident Injuries
Beaver Sjty. Neb., April 22.
(Special Telegram.) F. C. Walsh,
53, of Boulder, Colo., died at a
hospital here as 'a result of injuries
received in an automobile accident.
He was traveling representative for
Cappers Weekly, Topeka. The body
was taken to Stratton, the home of
his parents, for burial.' .
There is no limit to the number of
girls who can win these trips from
this section except in the total num
ber of votes that will be cast in fa
vor of all candidates in the contest.
Contest is Dignified.
The entire character of the con
test from the sponsorship of the
American Committee to the hum
blest campaign waged by a single
candidate is dignified, clean and of a
very high character; it is indeed a
carnival of Good Will.
New entries are being made every
day and the office of the campaign
manager is putting in strenuous
hours getting information to nomi
nees and answering questions of can
didates desiring to enter the con
test. Before the time of voting detailed
information will be placed in the
hands of each candidate.
The official starting time of vot
ing is Thursday, April 27. A holi-
War Mothers in
Effort to Quash
Vet's Dope Trial
Organization Seeks to Save
From Prison Ex-Soldier
Who Got Habit After
War mothers are circulating a peti
tion to Federal Judge Woodroufch to
obtain a release of William B. Brown,
disabled war -veteran, now facing in
dictment for illegal possession of
The ex-soldier contracted- the drug
habit after being shot and gassed in
the war, according to Mrs. William
Roth, chairman of the hospital vis
iting committee of the War Mothers'
organization. $ . .
She and Mrs. George ; Ahlquist
called on United States Attorney
Kinsler Saturday in an effort to
have the case dropped.
"He ought to be sent to the finest
sanitarium in the land, not to a fed
eral prision," the women said.
Since his arrest several weeks ago,
Brown contracted pneumonia and
was removed to the county hospital,
where his plight enlisted the sym
pathies of hospital nurses. When he
recovered and was returned to the
county jail to await trial, the women
helped him in obtaining bond.
On Bond Two Weeks.
He has been out of jail on bond
"We want him sent home to his
mother in Texas," said Mrs. Ahl
quist. "He doesn't use as much of
the, drug as he used to, and is on a
fair road to be cured of the habit."
Father Lloyd Holsapple, American
Legion chaplain, and Harry Hough,
adjutant, are" also interested in the
case. Brown is receiving a monthly
allotment from the government.
New Plan to Aid Farmers
Is Proposed by Norbeck
Washington, April 22. Another
plan for farmers' long term credits,
providing a national , farmers'
finance union, a federal corporation
with $200,000,000 capital, was pro
posed in a bill introduced by Sena
tor Norbeck, republican, South Da
kota. The organization would be
operated by the secretaries of the
treasury and agriculture, , and four
other members : appointed by the
president. It would be authorized
to extend one-year loans to farmers,
bankers or co-operative associations
up to an aggregate of $1,000,000,000
in times of crop surplus with agricul
tural products as security,.
Candidates Will Be Guests of
The Bee and American
- Committee Thursday.
day has, however, been declared on
this day and the candidates and their
friends will assemble at Hotel Fon
tenelle as guests of The Omaha Bee
and the American Committee for
Devastated France.. Candidates who
are entered from out of the city will
be brought to this meeting and will
have their expenses paid by The
Will Show Movies.
Members of the local committee,
of which Mrs. J. J. McMullin is
chairman, will act as hostesses. Mov
ing pictures of the work of the
American Committee in France,
actual, scenes of places that will be
visited by the Good Will delegation
(Turn to Pag e Six, Column Two.)
He Kept Us Out of
CCapyrifht, JKS )
Against K. K. K.
California District Attorney
Riled by Attack on Priv- ,
ate Detective. .
Bakcrsfield, Cal., April 22. Dis
trict Attorney J. R. Dorsey an
nounced that "the Ku Klux Klan
and any kindred organizations in
the West Side oil fields would be put
out of business." The announcement
followed a conference with J. N.
Pyles, a private detective,' who was
beaten by hooded and armed men
last Monday night.'
Pyles, who was warned by his as
sailants to leave the county by May
1 under the penalty of death, de
parted today for Taft, Cal., with a
body of armed men to continue his
investigations of outrages that have
been committed in the oil fields re
cently, Dorsey said that whether or not
the Ku Klux Klan was directly re
sponsible for the outrages in . the
oil fields, "if the klan , was not in
operation in, the district, other night
riding gangs probably would t.ot be
either," and . he said; open warfare
would be declared at once on the
Beaver City Water and Light
, Plant Destroyed by Fire
Beaver City, Neb., April 22.
(Special Telegram.) The ' power
house of the municipal water and
light plant burned early Saturday
morning. Fire started in the roof
from i an overheated exhaust pipe.
The night engineer fought the
flames single-handed until the ar
rival of the fire department. Large
pressure tanks and barrels of gaso
line and oil which exploded, send
ing sparks and burning boards for
hundreds of feet, made fire fighting
hazardous. The building and , elec
tric apparatus are a total loss. The
large engines and pump will be sal
vaged. A big tractor will be util
ized for pumping water for emer
gency needs. The loss is $6,000 with
50 Armed Men Set Ship
on Fire at Dnblin Docks
.Dublin, April 22. (By A. P.)
Fifty armed men today raided the
steamer Ralhlinhead anchored here,
shot and wounded the watchman,
sprinkled the decks' and fittings with
gasoline, -set the: vessel aflame and
made off, ...
The crew with' the assistance of
regular Irish republican army troops
extinguished the flames before ser
ious damage had been done.
WHERE TO FIND
The Big Features of
THE SUNDAY BEE
U. P. (iirln Piny Politics in Brn '
' Context Pane .
Markets and Flnancal Page 11
, PART TWO
Society and w for Women
Pares 1, t, 3. 4, 7 and 8
Music News Page 5
Editorial Comment f Page S
Shopping With Polly Page 7
Sports News and Features
Pages 1 and X
Amusements Pages 3, 4 and 5
"Harksheexh, Camels and Fleas
Knoi'k Romance,'' by Hen
rietta. M. Kees Page
Of Kspecial Interest to Motor
ists Page 8 and 7
Want Ads - Pages 8 to 11
Abont The World Theater
, Pagrs 1, i and 3
"The Hlaketf Sleet Their Prob
lem. Hliie Ribbon short story
by KUznbeth Jordan Pag 4
"The Married Life ot Helen and
Waren" I'age 4
'The Wanted Man," serial by
Harris Dirkson Page 5
"Hanpyland," lor the ' Chil
Real Estate and Building Tage 1
France Protests .
German Reply to
Russ Soviet Minister Shocks
Italian Communists by Ac
cepting Invitation to
Dine With King.
' Paris, April 22. (By A. P.) Rus
sia has withdrawn the memorandum
it submitted yesterday in answer to
the report of the allied experts on
Kussian artairs. says a Havas dis
patch from Genoa this evening,
Strong objections had been made to
ttie memorandum in allied quarters,
Berlin, April 22. (By A. P.) An
official statement issued today de
clares positively, "in view of the con.
stant dissemination of reports to the
contrary," - that a Russian-German
military convention does not exist.
Genoa, April 22. (By A. P.)
1he French delegation to the ceo.
nomic conterence has . s .bmttted a
protest against the German reply to
the allied note in which the Ger
mans stated they would refrain from
discussing Russian questions settled
in the Kusso-uerman treaty, lhe
French contend that the Germans,
under the reply, r-ay insist upon dis
cussing other Russian questions.
George Chicherin, the Russian
soviet foreign minister, gave the
Italian socialists and communists a
shock today by meeting King Vic
tor Emmanuel on the king s visit
here and accepting his majesty's in
vitation to a luncheon on board the
Italian dreadnought Conte di Ca-
Actual work on a plan for the re
construction of Russia was started
today by experts representing the
soviet government, GreatV Britain,
France, Italy, Belgium, Japan,
Czecho-Slovakia' and Holland. The
heated politics surrounding the Rus
sian problems has been cooled by
M. Chicherin's note accepting in the
main the allied formula, stating the
terms on which the great powers are
willing to resume business relations
Lenine Out of Politics. .
London, April 22. Although offi
cial statements by the Russian soviet
government have reported Premier
Lenine's health satisfactory, he con
tinues to keep away from state af
fairs, says a Reval dispatch to the
M. (Tsuriupoff, who has hitherto
acted for Lenine as president of the
council of the people's commissars,
was taken ill on April 8 and has been
succeeded by the first vice president,
M. Rykov, who also is assistant pres
ident of the council of labor and de
, . -
Woman Brooding Over Fate
of Son Commits Suicide
New York, April 22. Brooding
over the fate of her son, facing a
20-ycar sentence in Sing Sing for
robber', Mrs. Hannah Donovan
committed suicide after frustrating
efforts of her neighbors ot prevent
her taking her life.
First they found her with a razor
in her hand, about to cut her throat.
They tore the blade from her grasp.
A few minutes later she ; jumped
from the roof of the five-story tene
ment house in which she lived.
Sunday fair and warmer.
5 a. m , 47 I 1 p. m
ft a. m.
z p. m .
5 p. m.
4 p. m.
6 p. m.
6 p. m.
7 p. m.
8 p. m.
7 a. m .
S a. m.
10 a. m .
11 a. m.
Charge, on Farm Product! I
Out of Proportion With
Three Plans Advanced
Hy The AtaaelaJee frest,
Washington, April 23. Trans
portation rates on products of agri
culture, a on many other commodi
ties now "bear a disproportionate r
Utinu to the price of such commodi
ties' and should be immediately re
duced, according to findings of the
joint congressional commission of
agricultural inquiry, announced hy
Not only should these freight
charges come down, the report de
clared, but in the future rate-making
bodies and railroad traffic offieets
should give "greater consideration
to the relative value of commodities
in the making of ratrs,-and let ex
isting charges on high-priced finish
ed products stand, if necessary, to re
move cost burdens from basic ma
terials. Kxhaustive review of the trans
portation situation has convinced the
commission, Chairman Anderson
said, that "pyramided per cent ad
vances" of freight rates during the
war and following years, "caused
dislocation of long standing relation
ships between rates on agricultural
and industrial products and between
competitive enterprises and competi
tive territories," which dislocations
should now be removed.
The object of rate-making bodies
should be, he said, in presenting the
commission's views, "to readjust
rates so far as practical to the( rela
tionship existing prior, to 1918."'
Effects of freight rates are em
phasized, it was said, because on per
ishables "they amount normally to
one-third of the selling price and fre
quently two-thirds," and "purchasers
and farmers arc dependent in a
marked degree, upon transportation
charges," in prices.
The general result of increased
railroad rates and depressed com
modity prices was to bring railroad
rates on farm products in Octob.",
1921, to an index average of 169, or
roughly 69 per cent above prewar
levels, while farm products stood at
102, or barely 2 per cent above pre
war. ( .
Three Proposals Advanced. . . ..
Outside of its general conclusions,
the commission advanced three spe
cific proposals to better transporta
tion service for fahmcrs, the first
being the enlargement of "competi
tive anvenues of distribution through
which the largest number of con
sumers can reasonably be reached;
"the second was the extension of
through rates on grain "to points of
consumption through two or more
competitive primary markets," and
the third the extension of the prin
ciple that coarse grains, such as corn,
should take , lower charges than
breadstuffs. Adequate car equip
ment should also be maintained, it
was added. ' . :
.Further, the commission found that
"livestock shows marked fluctuations
in shipment volume' and that rail
roads, stockyards and shippers
should co-operate to even out the
supply at market points, thus pre
venting price and charge imposi
tions, while hay, as tne Bulkiest farm
commodity, required " a reduction in
both freight and sales margin before
there can be resumtpion of normal
shipments." Costs on livestock dis
tribution also must be brought down,
it was held. :
Six Mexican Rebels -Killed
El Paso, Tex., April 22 Six
rebels were killed and their com
maiidcr Jose Aytla, was captured in
an engagement with federal troops
at Tcocaltiche, Jalisco, according to
a War department report received in
Juarez. ' , . H
General Carlor Green, who has
been in revolt for several months,
has failed in an attempt to recruit a '
new army in Oaxaca and has gone
to Tabasco, it was reported.
A rebel force commanded by Cap
tain .Gorozabe left , several dead
when routed in a battle several days
airo at Potrero de Llano. Vera
Cruz, it was said. , .
Colorado Senate Passes
Moffat Tunnel Measure
Denver, April 22. The state sen
ate in special session today passed
the Moffat tunnel bill by a vote of
29 to 4, providing for the construc
tion ot .a tunnel through the con
tinental divide on the Denver & Sa!t
Lake railroad. The tunnel bill will be
sent to the. house when that. btSdy"
resumes its sessions next Monday
morning and referred to the special
committee of 15 which has" been con
sidering the measure. ; The senate
bill now takes the place of that of-
fered in the house and will be con
sidered with the amendments made
by the senate, , - '
Beatrice Man Injured in ,
Railroad Accident Dies
Beatrice, Neb., April 22. (Special
Telegram.) Arlie Culver, plaintift
in a $50,000 damage suit against the
Union Pacific and who was award
ed a verdict for the full amount by
a jury in the district court some
weeks ago, died at his home. Culver
was paralyzed from the waist dowa
and contended that his condition was
due to injuries received while he
was in the, employ of the company
as a brakeman. During the trial he
was carried into court. He was 29
and leaves a young widow and two
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