Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 25, 1921, Page 7, Image 7
THE BEE: OMAHA, THURSDAY. AUGUST 25, 1921. v M'Adoo Says U. S. Not Bound to Pay Money to Roads Opinion of Ex-Director Gen eral Given Senate in Letter After Committee Re fuses to Call Him. Washington. Aug. 21 Disap proval of the administration's rail road funding bill, recently reported to the senate interstate commerce committee, was expressed by Wil liam O. McAdoo, former director general of railroads, in a letter pre sented to the senate today by Sena tor Stanley, democrat, Kentucky, who requested Mr. McAdoo's views after the committee refused to hear him.' The government is not "morally and legally bound," as stated by I'residcnt Harding, to fund the $763, 000,000 the railroads owe the gov ernment for additions and better ments, Mr. McAdoo asserted. He declared "the president must have been misled into making such a statement," adding that the 'aw pro . vides for the funding only of "the remaining indebtedness" of the rail roads, which he calculated at $263, 000,000. May Defer Payment. Payment on this balance, Mr. Mc Adoo said, may be deferred 10 years by the railroads provided satisfactory security were given and 6 per cent interest were paid. "This is the kind of settlement the law now authorizes and contem plates," Mr. McAdoo said, adding that when the roads were returned to private control they owed the government $1,144,000,000 fcr addi tions and betterments, of which $381,000,000 already has been ex tended for a long period. He urged that before any further advances were made the railroads be required to abandon the inefficiency of labor claims, amounting, he estimated, to about $500,000,000. "I suppose voit realize that in ad dition to the $1,144,000,000 the rail roads owe the government for 'ad ditions and betterments,' they have received additional loans under the Ksch'Cummins bill of about $300, 000,000, making a total of $1,444,000, 000, Mr. McAdoo's letter said. U. S. Must' Wait. "Stripped of confusing non-essentials, what is now proposed is that the government shall wait 10 years for $763,000,000 the railroads owe it for betterments and improvements and pay immediately $500,000,000 to the railroads on account of claims for alleged tmder-maintenance, etc., taken from the 180 or more rail roads involved with their varying degrees of financial responsibility, such securities as they may be able to provide; securities which in manv instances may not be adequate to protect the government against loans. "This is not a question of 'legat and mora! obligation' on the part of the United States to lend the railroads $500,000,000 more for 10 years. It is a question of policy nd should be considered from that standpoint only. For .the adoption of such a policy; the administration must, of course, takethe responsi bility but it should be candid about it. The public mind should not be confused by juggling of figures, manipulation of accounts, or securi ties or governmental agencies." New York Judge Signs Order Restoring Ships m vvn. 1Kb f it J jt ft or ice- William bu Justice William F. Burr, of the New York supreme court, who signed the order returning, tempor arily at least, to the United States Mail Steamship company the nine passenger vessels seized by the United States shipping board for al leged nonpayment of rent. Grain Men of West Say Roads of East Have Cut Tariffs I. C. C. Told of Reductions to Combat Competition of Canadian Carriers Which Have Reduced Rates. Tip of 20,000 Roubles Ordinary Fee For Porter on Railway Lines of Russia Thirty-Seven Arrested In Toledo Mail Theft Harry Palmer, whom J. B. Nick erson, deputy United States marshal escorted back to Toledo last week. is the thirty-seventh person to be p.rrested for complicity in the big Toledo mail theft August 15, he re ported on. his return, Wednesday morning. "While only four or five took part in the actual robbery, all the others helped dispose of the $1,000,000 loot. The dragnet is set for a large num ber of others." Eddie Hurst, captrued after a gun fight in Cheyenne last week, is one of the men wanted in Toledo. ''Marrying Parson" Busy on His Second 5,000 "Splicings" "the first 5,000 are the hardest." mused the Rev. Charles W. Savidge, Omaha's "marrying par son," as he signed six more wed din? certificates Tuesday. The Rev. Mr. Savidge is now on his second 5,000. The certificates bore the following names: Miss Dalsv Holberu of Omaha and Clyde C. Hill of tioodlanii, Kan.; Miss Marls Smith of Omaha and Gustav Band berg of Omaha: Mtaa Anne E. Wilson of Omaha and Alhert J. RumW of Omaha; Mlra Amanda 8. Holman of Omaha and J.ouis - Carlon of Omaha; Ml. J.s.la Majors of Shambunr. Ia.. and Warren W. Ru.esell of Rhamhur. Ia.; Miss Doris Kin of Florence. Neb.. and James Spencer of Florence. Neb. Officers of Machinists Union to Turn Back Wages Washington, Aug. 24. Staff offi cers of the International Associa tion of Machinists have decided to refund to the association their salaries for August, it was an nounced today, to be used it relief of unemployed members of the as sociation. The combined salaries to be turned back total about $10,000. While action so far taken covers salaries for August only, it was stated that similar action might be taken for month to month if the situation continues. Secretary of Interior Charmed by Crater Lake Medford, Ore.. Aug. 24. Crater lake so charmed Secretary of Inte rior Fall, that the schedule of the party has been abandoned, according to word received here from Crater Lake and Medford's plans for a luncheon to the party Thursday, broken up. "We will not leare here until we have seen, all that we want to see," Director of Parks Mather said at Crater Lake. Detectives Guard Cashier g While Employes Are Paid Two detectives armed with sawed off $hot guns guarded the cashier at the Ford motor plant yesterday morning while he paid employes. , Washington, Aug. 24. Witnesses for western grain men testified be fore the Interstate Commerce com mission Tuesday that eastern rail roads had reduced rates on grain from Chicago to Atlantic ports for export in order to meet competition from Canadian carriers which pre viously had effected radical reduc tions. The hearings are being held to determine whether domestic rate on grain and hay shall be reduced, The grain men introduced the testimony, they said, to combat ini pressions that the reduction on ex port grain would benefit the farmer and increase the ampunt of grain exported. Placed in Record, Over the objection of attorneys for the carriers their recent applr cation for authority to reduce by 7li cents 100 pounds grain rates from Mississippi river territory to the Atlantic coast was placed in th record. Jt said: The proposed reduction is to meet competition of the lake and rail routes from Chicago via Buf falo and the Georgian .Bay ports. An extraordinary volume of grain has moved from Chicago via the lake routes during the present season as compared with previous seasons, "Your petitioners do not feel they can further forego participating in this traffic particularly in view of the fact that at this time the volume ot general tonnage moving is partic ularly light. Lake Route Used. C. B. Bee, rate expert for the Mis souri railroad commission, in troduced statistics intended to show that the movement of grain from Chicago via the lakes never had been more than 4,000,000 bushels, or an average of 14 per cent in any previous June, but due to the Cana dian rates 14,161,000 bushels, or 79 per cent of the total, had moved by lake this year. While Daniel Kelly, rate expert for the South Dakota railroad com mission, was on the stand, CommiS' sioner Potter asked whether the so lution to the whole problem of high rates would not be a reduction of ooeration expenses and whether an other wage reduction of railroad workers could not be expected to be reflected in lower freight rates. Mr. Kelly replied that in all probability both could be expected. Lawyer Agrees to Return $1,000 Fur Coat to Furrier A $1,000 fur coat held by police because of a legal battle waged be tween Jack Shannon, lawyer, a claim ant of the coat, and A. Bishop, Chi' cago furrier, was given to the latter following a conference between po lice officials and the claimants yes terday. The coat was seized by detectives when Mr. and Mrs. Fred Curtis, who were extradited by Minneapolis po lice two weeks ago, were arrested in Omaha. Truce between Shannon and Bislv op was announced when the furrier agreed to pay Shannon $50 and to donate to the police -relief fund $200. Shannon declared that Curtis gave him the coat for legal services. Noted Song Composer Writes Song for Aero Congress James Hanley, song writer and composer of "Rose of Washington Square." Baby's Shoes" and "That's How I Need You," has written a song to be sung in public for the first time at the Omaha air meet, November 3, 4 and S, and to be known as the official song of the air coneress. The name of the song is "His Last Long Flight. It is dedicated to b, Rankin Drew, son of the late Sid- new Drew, first American aviator killed in the war. Glenn H. Con don, adjutant of S. Rankin Drew Post No. 340, American Legion, New York City, which was named after the dead hero, has termed the new song a "classic." Divorce Court. Derrew. Elizabeth Claim Stone from Cecil E., cruelly. Fetittom. Emma Swendsen acalnat N'eli, cruelty. Angelena Carvello acainst Bernard, cruelty. Gunda Goodwin afalnat June H., cruelly. Ethel Smith acainst J. W., nomupport Hattla Stick acaintt Edward, non- sUBDort . rlovd Uibbons lens o Experience on Journey From Riga to Moscow Millionaire for First Time. By FLOYD GIBBONS. Chicago Tribune labia, Copyright 1821 Moscow, Aug. H. Alter all one reads in the papers in the non-bol slicvist world concerning this back wardness of Russia, I was hardly prepared for the surprise that greet cd me shortly before 2 o'clock when our train pulled into one of the 18 railroad stations in Moscow. We ar rived 15 minutes ahead of time. A blonde-bearded porter, seven feet tall and as straight as a rail helped our party of three to the platform, where he deposited our baggage in a formidable pyramid and departed after pocketing a pal try tip of 20,000 roubles which lie demanded. Tliere we waited tor one hour, without tickets, passpoits or bills of lading for the representatives of the soviet foreign office, into whose custody we were destined. lhe delay gave us time to retlect on the strangeness of the trip which we had accomplished during the pre ceding 40 hours. We left Riga on a common Latvian train, whirh car ncd three cars belonging to the bol shevists. One carriage was an elab orate private car with electric lights and a finely decorated interior, it oe ing in strong contrast to the hot darkness of the human freighted boxcars ahead, where the Lettish peasants were sprawled on vooden shelves amidst rags, squalor and stench that would stagger any west crn nose. Cautions Against Bogus Papers, In lien of an American passport, I carried a receipt for it signed by the American vice consul at Kiga to whom all Americans must give their national papers before enter ing Russia. The consular office at Riga ex plains that this procedure is neces sary because it is leafed the Doisne vists might counterfeit American passports from photographs of the originals. At the same time it is not beyond the knowledge of the State department that many Amer ican nassoorts have been sold, if not given freely, to soviet authori ties by Americans who have become imbued with the doctrines of com munism. The rail ticket to Moscow cost 48 roubles. When the soviet official in Riga mentioned the price to me I had just come back from the bank and was enjoying the first thrills of that millionaire feeling by reason of my many pockets almost bursting with the 3.000.000 roubles, which I had bought at the rate of 31,000 to the dollar. I produced my smallest piece of money a 10,000 rouble note but the bolshevist cashier oniy smiled. J "We take anv money but our own," he said. "We prefer 48 roubles in do ars. "But in dollars, 48 rouble tickets would not cost quite a cent, I said. "That is possible at your rate," re nlied the cashier, "but we are figur ing. on the equivalent ot trie gold rouble or just $;o.U in American currency, ion know tnai you coum not ride for 40 hours ior so little in America." Poor Lights Forbid Poker. Then the train pulled out of Riga and we were on our way to what was once holy Russia. Sitting on a bunk in one compartment, three of us discussed the financial situation and considered the possible sensa tions of poker with 100,000 roubles antes and 1,000,000 rouble limits, but the fluttering of the candles which served in place of long disabled dec trie installation forbade the game. Between 10 and 11 o clock the next morning we had occasion to compare the Latvian and soviet fr.on tier officials, much to the favor of the latter. The former during a protracted debate in our compart ment proposed the confiscation of our goods and money on the grounds that exportation of such articles to Russia was prohibited. I he food that we carried was the only means of subsistence on the train until we reached Moscow and the money meant life and death to us after that. The debate on this Frank Sheehan to Tell Elks Of International Air Meet Frank Sheehan, Omaha- attorney and member of the Aero club of Omaha, will tell Omaha Elks about the International Aero congress, to be held in this city November 3-5, at the regular monthly meeting of the Elks lodge at the Shnners hall in the Masonic temple Friday night. lhe talk is to be the first of a series of educational addresses to be given by members of the Aero club concerning tne possibilities ot avia tion and the advantages of Omaha as the air center of the United States. Justice Hard Is Hard on Two Pleasant Brothers Columbus, O., Aug. 24. A couple of Pleasant boys were far from be- ng pleasant when Justice Jesse Hard was hard on them. Justice Hard assessed a $1,000 fine and costs each on William Pleasant and Lincoln Pleasant in Terry town ship when the two colored brothers pleaded guilty to charges of illegally manufacturing and possessing intox icating liquors. amous Pacific Coast Opera Star Drops Dead New York. Autr. 24. Oscar Walch, famous on the Pacific coast as an operatic tenor and prominent ecently in vaudeville, dropped dead as he was dining with his wife at the Hotel De France, Sunday He had recently come to New York with his wife, known on the stage as Daisie Rand, and was extensive ly booked for a tour in vaudeville during the coming season. Brethren Assembly Beatrice, Neb., Aug. 24. (Special.) The Brethren assembly, which has been in session at Chautauqua park during the past we:k, closed Tues day. Delegates were present from points in Nebraska, Kansas. Mit souri and Iowa l XI 1 Floyd Gibbons. vital question was conducted in Rus sian, German, Polish, French, Eng lish and Yiddish. Polylingual pro fanity figured luridly. Only upon our emphatic state- Receipts Signed by Amer ican Vice Counsel Used To Prevent Forging Of Passports by Reds. mcnt that we were prepared to go to jail before submitting to confisca tion, was the long argument ended in our favor and the three soviet cars with a puffing, wood-burning engine permitted to depart. About 500 yards beyond the station we steamed slowly past six Latvian soldiers, comprising the frontier guard, and moved across the line into the land of Lenin. The soviet customs agent whom we encountered in the nameless vil lage just cast of the frontier appar ently had but one interest in our effects. It was not the paper money that concerned him, but they were interested in any paper that we car ried with printing matter of any kind on it. They examined our writing mate rial and possessed themselves of all the newspapers and magazines in the car, but they ignored our traveling flasks and reserve supplies of spirits. Eastward from the frontier, our road to Moscow stretched through a gentle rolling country interspersed with sparse forests of undersized pines. From the windows we saw that plowing was in progress in a number of places, but there were many fields that were not tilled. There was one noticeable differ ence between the scenes at the Lat vian and bolshevist railroad stations. In the former were but lets with well stocked shelves of food and white rolls, in spite of the soiled exte riors. East of the frontier the rail way bullets were simply seini darkened rooms with dirty broken mirrors, glaring out from behind empty shelves across a barren space containing possibly a few broken chairs and tables. Each time the train stopped, old women and children made their ap pearance, selling boiled eggs, milk and a certain variety of nut which all the peasants seemed to be con tinually hulling and munching. Small papers of sunflower seeds were also being sold for tile same purpose. A green beer bottle filled with boiled milk sold for 2,000 roubles and one boiled egg could be had for 1,000 roubles, or about 3 cents in Amer ican money. "What do you think of our coun try?" asked a Russian doctor on the train, who was returning to his post in Moscow. "Does it live up to the reports which you have read?" "We understood communism for bade the private selling of food in Russia," 1 answered. "We under stand that all business had been na tionalized and that speculation or private business enterprise was pun ishable by death under a soviet de cree." "That time has passed," replied the doctor. "Those were war mea sures necessary for the preservation of the government during times when we had civil war within and were surrounded with an iron ring of enemies." "Has communism been aban doned?" I asked. "As an ironclad principle, yes," replied the doctor. "Actually, ho; but the present tendency it in that direction. There has been a strong swing toward the right recently. Free trade has been established and the government is now prepared to take all practical methods for the reconstruction of this country. This does not mean, however, any weakening on the part of soviet control. Motorist Wise Simoniz Let Us Simoniz Your Car Why let your ear get dull and dingy looking. Makes the old car look new. Keeps the new car looking new. Revives paint and enamel. Save Repainting- Protects the flnlah In all kind of weather and will hold ita lustra four to tlx months. Work dona by experienced men. All work guaranteed. Bring your car in the morning and have it back the tame day. 1 Phone Atlantic 0756 419 South 20th St. Cars Called for and Delivered Prices $5 to $8 Chaney & Clark Authorized Simoniz Station if lalala is handled ONLY by the following dealers in Omaha, South Oma' Benson and Council Bluffs. OMAHA PEOPLES COAL COMPANY COUNCIL BLUFFS DR0GE ELEVATOR CO., SOUTH OMAHA A. L. BERGQUIST & SON, , BR0ADWELL-R0BERTS CO., H0WLAND LUMBER & COAL CO., KRATKY BROS., KOUTSKY-BRENNAN-VANA CO., BENSON ST0LTENBERG ELEVATOR CO. BELL & ZOLLER COAL CO. Miners and Shippers of Zeigler Coal 343 South Dearborn St., Chicago, III. ' Mines at Zeigler, Illinois. BECAUSE of the popularity and well known merit of ZEIGLER coal, some dealers have been taking orders for ZEIGLER and filling them with in ferior kinds of coal. SUBSTITUTION HURTS-If you or der ZEIGLER and get an inferior coal, you are cheated and the reputation of ZEIGLER is damaged. ZEIGLER coal is much hotter and cleaner, when you order coal, order and insist that you get GENUINE ZEIGLER COAL. To be safe place YOUR order with one of the dealers listed elsewhere in this space. When they deliver that bright, shiny, clean, quality coal you'll KNOW.' "That's ZEIGLER" You Know It's Good Why Take Chances? nmws what Tim peoples coal company, SEND WITH EACH ORDER OF ZEIGLER COAL Peoples' Zeigler Guarantee We hereby guarantee the coal delivered with accompanying driver's ticket to be GENUINE ZEIGLER, Mined and shipped by the Bell & Zollet Coal Co. from Zeigler, Illinois. We are Exclusive Agents for Zeigler in Omaha. Peoples Coal Company R. C. GODDARD, President. Ik I I i I 1 1 1 City Office 1704 Farnam St. Ground Floor Peters Trust Bldg. Phone Atlantic 3424 Main Office 1202 City National Bank Bldg. 16th and Harney Sts.