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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 18, 1921)
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 51 NO. 53.
Omahan Sentenced in "Wild
Horse" Case Saved From
Prison by Executive
Move Urged by Jurors
Charles M. Thompson Mill not
have to serve a vear and a dav in
the United States penitentiary in
.Leavenworth for conviction in the
"Arizona wild horse" case.
Th Onialia ttlrm noe rp'cfrnrml in
the full rights of citizenship Tues-
uay mrougn a pardon irom presi
dent Harding, local federal authori
ties were notified yesterday.
Thompson's application for exec
utive clemency was one of the mosf
complete on record. It was filed
originally during the administration
of former President Wilson and sup
plemented since the inauguration of
Signed By Jurors.
The application for pardon was
signed by 11 of the 12 jurors who
convicted him and was endorsed by
Judge Woodrough, who imposed
the sentence of a year and a day.
In addition Judge Woodrough, in
a personal message to the pardon at
torney at Washington, admitted he
entertained great doubt of the guilt
of Thompson and explained that he
imposed sentence as a result of the
jury's decision rather than his own
personal belief in the matter.
The 12th member of the jury which
convicted Thompson, Charles Voss,
died before his application for a par
don was made, but an affidavit was
offered by his son, Arthur P. Voss,
6310 Binney street, who said his
father was the one juror who held
out for acquittal for Thompson and
only consented to a verdict of guilty
when the remaining 11 promised to
L. A. Thompson, former postoffice
inspector and the man who con
ducted the investigation of the
"Arizona Wrild Horse" case that re
sulted in the indictment of 43 men,
also urged a pardon for Thompson.
Thompson Heaviest Loser.
The former inspector declared his
investigation showed that Thompson
was the heaviest loser in the United
States Live Stock company.
According to the inspector,
Thompson sold out his interest in a
bank at Newport, Neb., to invest
$20,000, the savings of a lifetime,
in the United States Live Stock
company. He lost it all.
In 1912, two years before the in
dictment, the inspector said, Thomp
son withdrew . as treasurer of the
company and advised against invest
ment in the company when inquiries
were made to him because he had
become skeptical of the company's
Innocent of Fraud.
The former postoffice inspector
and Judge Woodrough Both, declared
they believed Thompson was inno
cent of any fraudulent intent.
A. M. Morrissey, chief ' justice of
the Nebraska supreme court, was
another who appealed for executive
clemency for Thompson.
Sentence was imposed upon
Thompson in 1917. It was affirmed
in 1920 by the circuit court of ap
peals which in the same mandate
affirmed a sentence of two years
imposed upon J. Sidney Smith of
Omaha and a two-months' jail
sentence imposed upon C. A. Smith
He has never, however, been
committed to prison, stays and
respites having been granted pend
His last respite would have ex
pired today had not pardon been is
Thompson, now a man withgray
hair, is an agent here for the North
western Life Insurance Co. He
lives at 2817 North Nineteenth
Democrats of House
Pledge Opposition to
Tax Revision Bill
Washington, Aug. 17. Demo
cratic members ot tne nouse, ai a
-,..oc tnn'iaht nUHced themselves
to vote against the republican tax
revision bill, ana aaoptea a resoiu
oi,rinr that the measure was
UUtl ULVLH"B " " . .
"subversive of the principle tliat
should govern taxation ior im sup
port of the government."
The decision was reached at the
r..,.t, rn.a;n,r whirh hart been held
lUUIlkl llivvimft ......... .-
since yesterday in an effort to chart
a course tor the minority. iai
caucus also instructed the democrat
members of the ways and means
committee to offer a motion to re
commit the bill immediately before
the final vote, scheduled for 3 p. m.
Wilson Appears at Law
Office for First Time
Washington, Aug. 17. Woodrow
Wilson's first appearance yesterday
at his law offices here was taken by
his friends as evidence of the for
mer president's improving physical
condition. Bainbridge Coiby, former
secretary of state and Mr. Wilson's
law partner, also was at the new
offices where MrWilspn spent some
time in conference-with clients.
Woman Dies of Wound From
Policeman's Stray Shots
Des Moines, la., Aug. 17. Mrs.
August Hast, 40, proprietress of a
beauty shop, died today as a result
of having been accidentally shot by
Policeman Parrot at 3 a. m. when
the officer fired into the air at' a man
who ran when the policeman approached.
Oaiaht P. 0. Wafer
Bishop Officiates at
While III In Hospital
Sioux City, la., Aug. 17. Rev. Dr.
Wilson Seely Lewis, bishop of China
for the Methodist Episcopal church,
who lies critically ill at a hospital
here, despite his condition officiated
yesterday at the wedding of his
daughter, Clara, a dean of women
at Morningside college, to 'Prof. Al
bert Seeman of Sutherland, la.
Bishop Lewis' main object in jour
neying from China to America in
June was to officiate at his daugh
His illness, since arriving here,
caused members of his family to talk
of postponing the wedding, but the
bishop would not consent, so he
officiated from his bed in the hos
pital. Woman Is Killed
As Mate Mistakes
Her For Burglar
After Shooting, Man Rushes to
Neighbor for Help Finds
Wife Dead When Light
Detroit, Aug. 17. Mistaking his
wife, Lespa, for a burglar early to
day Howard Swope shot and in
stantly killed , her in. the kitchen of
their home in River Rouge village.
He surrendered to the police but
was released after questioning by
Assistant Prosecuting Attorney W.
Swope told the police neighbors
had warned him of recent burglaries
in the vicinity. He borrowed a
shotgun and kept it in the bedroom.
At 2 o'clock this morning his wife
roused him from sleep and told him
she heard suspicious sounds. He told
her to remain in bed, he says, and
started to explore the house. When
he reached the kitchen he saw a
shadowy figure and cried out: "What
are you doing here."
Receiving no answer he fired.
"Stay where you are Lespa," he
shouted, believing his wife still in
her room. "I'm going to get help.
I've shot some one."
He rushed to the home of Frank
Guibard, a special policeman. Re
turning to the house with Guibard,
Swope turned on the kitchen light.
His wife had received the full
charge of the gun in the back. ,
New York City Official
Asks Proof of Charges
By State Committee
New York, Aug. 7l Comptrol- j
ler Charles L.. Craig, today invited j
Elon R. Brown, counsel for the :
Meyer - legislation committee, to
prove his charge that 'the city has
exceeded its debt limit of $120,000,
000. The comptroller claims t'at the
city still has a $137,000,000 margin.
"You expressed your views very
strongly several days atao. that the
city was overboard on its debt lim
it," the comptroller said at the close
of his second day before the commit
tee. "Please have your papers ar
ranged so that this question can be
decided within the first hour of to
morrow's hearing. I am anxious to
have you submit your proofs."
The short-term financing done by
the' city with corporate stock notes
was defended by the comptroller
who said that propaganda had come
to him "very cold and strong from
Wall street, that the time was propi
tious for an issue of long-term tax
exempt securities by the city.
Stanton Man Freed
From Prison Due to
Error of Trial Judge
Lincoln, Aug. 17. (Special.)
Harry Thompson stepped from the
state penitentiary a free man today
after serving a little more than a
year of a 10-year sentence for man
slaughter. His sentence was set aside by the
supreme court because the trial judge
submitted to the jury the question
of his guilt in several degrees al
though the complaint against him
specified murder in the first degree.
The jury acquitted him on that
charge and found him guilty of man
slaughter. The revrsal was handed down July
7. Under the law the prosecuting
attorney must ask for a rehearing
within 40 days or the case is forever
dismissed and the prisoner is freed.
The prosecutor in Stanton county
failed to take this action, records
show, and as the 40 days have
elapsed he was released.
A STORY, of the mid
land border and the
new pioneer who
fights against doubt
and drought, the bliz
By Rote L. ElUrbe
A BLUE RIBBON story In
Next Sunday's Bee
HtttM Mtr It, ISO, tt
Act ! Hire S. Ii7.
State Engineer Recommends
Contractor Proceed With
Laying of Lincoln High
Washington Road Faulty
Three miles of concrete base laid
cn the Lincoln highway by the
Murphy Construction company is up
to specifications, according to a re
port made by State Highway Com
missioner Johnson to the Douglas
county commissioners yesterday
This is on the three miles of Lin
coln highway paving base right this
side of Waterloo.
The professor's tests cn the con
crete base laid immediately the other
side of Waterloo have not been
completed. But as far as they have
gone they show a deficiency in
strength of the base. Two samples
have been tested and show a com
pression strength of only 981 pounds
instead of the 1,200 to 1,300 pounds
compression strength shown by con
crete base laid on the Lincoln high
way last year.
Tests Are Made.
An investigation started about a
month ago when reports were re
ceived from various sources that the
contractor- was skimping on the
amount of cement used in the con
crete. Prof. Clark Mickey of the
state university has been conducting
tests with a compression machine on
six-inch cubes of concrete taken
from the base and founl, according
to the report presented yesterday that
the average compression test of the
concrete base, on the three miles
this side of Waterloo, 28 days after
laying is 1,194 pounds to the square
inch. Compression strength of the
curb was found to be 3,200 pounds
to the square inch.
But the base on this three miles
was found to be about four and a
half per cent thicker than the six
inches required. Therefore the com
pression strength is about equal to
that of last year. ,
Proceed With Brick.
The state highway engineer recom
mended that the commissioners
direct the contractor to go ahead and
lay brick on Section 1 of the Lincoln
highway job, 'which is about three
miles just this side of Waterloo.
.''The outcome is just as I ex
pected," said County Commissioner
O'Connor. ; "AH this hullabaloo by
people who thought they saw some
thing wrong and now the test shows
there was nothing wrong except their
imaginations." ' "
"I knew everything was all right,"
said "Dick" Murphy, head of the
company doing the Lincoln highway
job. "I am confident they will find
the remaining concrete all right,
Base Too Rough.
The state engineer, according to a
dispatch from Lincoln in The Bee
yesterday declared that from 2,
000 to 4,000 feet of the concrete
paving base laid by the Allied Con
tractors, Inc., on the Washington
highway will have to be torn up and.
relaid because it "is just too rough to
put an even brick surface on it."
"We aren't preparing to tear up
that solid ribbon of hard concrete,"
declared James M. Kelley ot the
Allied Contractors, "not by a long
ways. While it may be true that the
surface of the concrete is somewhat
rough, remember that a cushion of
sand an inch and a half thick goes
between the concrete and the brick.
That will take up all uncvennesses.
"If necessary, we can smooth
over some of the rough places with
concrete. But it won't be torn up."
Grand Jury Summoned
To Meet September 8
To Probe Stock Sales
A Douglas county grand jury will
be called to sit beginning September
8 to investigate stcok promotion
schemes in Nebraska, it was an
nounced yesterday afternoon.
Decision to summon a grand jury
on September 8 was made following
a conference between Judge Troup
of the district court and Clarence A.
Davis, attorney general of the state.
The jury will continue in session
probably until October 3, when the
fall term of court begins.
Chief of Police Wounded
In Tussle With Prisoner
Eau Claire, Wis., Aug. 17. Capt.
George Wold, acting chief of police
since the fatal shooting of Chief
of Police Elmer Sunby by a ban
dit July 25, was shot at three times
and struck in the forearm here to
day in a tussle with Edward R.
Allen, alias Ed Smith, alias Joe
James, whom he and Policeman I.
Lennie had just arrested on a
charge of breaking jail at Snoho
Auto Thieves Get Car of
Washington, Aug. 17. (Special
Telegram.) Congressmen A. W.
Jefferis of Omaha and Frank W.
Mondcll of Wyoming, reported to
police that their automobiles had
been stolen from in front of their
apartments. Both machines were
later recovered badly damaged.
Italy and Reds Agree.
Rome, Aug. 17. (By The Asso
ciated Press.) Negotiations for an
economic agreement with the Rus
sian soviet delegation here, the Mes
saggero says today, have almost been
completed. The agreement is to be
signed in the near future, the news
Two Extremes in Wives
Described in Suits
For Divorce Decrees
Chicago, Aug. 17. the divorce
bills filed side by side in the su
perior court, gave contrasting por
traits of two wives.
Here is the ideal wife Mrs. Mary
Wanchura of Pullman and this i3
what she says she did:
Supported her husband during
their four years of married life.
Went hungry in order that he
might have luxuries out of season.
Wore cheap dresses that he might
dress in style.
The wife terrible, as described in
the bill filed by Alexander Peisser:
Has a vicious and ungovernable
temper, throws milk bottles, pokers,
etc., at her husband.
Drenches her husband with the
Locks him out of the house, com
pelling him to sleep in the basement.
Alexander, on the other hand,
paints himself as a model husband,
always good, true, kind and affec
tionate. Irish Leaders
To Reject Peace
Plan of Britain
De Valera Declares Dail Eire
ann Will Not Accept Terms
Offering Dominion Status
By The Aaaoelated Preai.
Dublin, Aug. 17. Eamonn de
Valera, Irish 'republican leader, de
clared today that the Dail Eirear.n
would not accept the terms offered
by the British government extend
ing to Ireland an offer of dominion
Mr. De Valera made this declara
tion at the second session of the
Dail Eireann, held in the Mansion
House, to take up the question of the
negotiations with Premier Lloyd
George with regard to a possible
"From the reports this morning in
the British and foreign press," said
Mr. De Valera, "there seems to be
doubt as to vjhat our attitude is to
wards the British proposals. There
seems to be doubt as to whether
what I have said or whether our let
ter means acceptance or rejection.
"There ought to be no doubt in
anybody's mind. We cannot and
will not, on behalf of this nation, ac
cept these terms.
"There is an Indian proverb read
ing: 'Fool me once, shame on you;
fool me twice, shame on me.'. The
Irish people will not be fooled this
"It is said we are offered the status
of dominion home rule for Ireland
the status of British dominions. Ire
land is offered no such, thing. The
stattmnf 'thaVireland'was offered a
dominion status contained two false
hoods. Where is Ireland? There is
no Ireland in the terms but . two
broken pieces of Ireland.
"What was offered was not even
dominion status. It was admitted
the dominions had the right to secede
and could get out if they desired.
We are told we must stay in
whether we like it or not.
"All the time these negotiations
have meant an attempt to get into
(Tarn to Fair Two, Column Two.)
Fate of Hastings Man
JRests With Name of
"My kingdom for a horse!" cried
old King Richard many centuries
ago, and his cry echoed through his
tory. "My citizenship for the name of a
boat!" cried David Kehn of Hast
ings, Neb., in the immigration office,
and his cry is fraught with much im
portance for his flaxen-haired little
daughter and all his future progeny.
Kehn, a Russian, landed in this
country March 13, 1913, but he can't
remember the name, of the boat
which brought him here from Ham
burg. Since the war, immigration
authorities demand complete infor
mation as to the manner of entry
into this country of any prospective
Pending investigation into ships'
manifests Of every boat known to
have docked in New York that day
a gigantic task Kehn will have
to undergo a "nunc protunc" (now
for then) examination by John
Gurnette of the immigration office.
Man Killed at Minneapolis
Believed Escaped Rohber
Minneapolis, Aug. 17. A man said
to be named Hankins, from Des
Moines, la., died in an 'ambulance
en route to a hospital here late to
day after he had been shot by a pa
trolman when he broke away from
two detectives who had him under
Des Moines, Aug. 17. Hank Han
kins is wanted in Des Moines on
charges of robbing the Pleasantville.
(Ia.) bank. He was convicted and
was awaiting sentence when he es
caped from deputy sheriffs who had
taken him to his home for a last
visit with his mother.
Shortage of Denver Bank
Placed at Nearly $79,000
Denver. Aug. 17. The shortage
discovered at the International
Trut company, following the dis
appearance of Edwin F. Morse, head
teller of that institution, will amount
to nearly $79,000, it was said by of
ficials of the bank today.
Police and detectives said they
were confident that as soon as Miss
Mabel Penfold, former filing clerk
at the bank, who is believed to have
accompanied Morse, finds that he
has a wife in Denver and that he is
suspected of having stolen money
from the bank, she will reveal the
cucr s wncreaoouis
AUGUST 18, 1921.
A New Rule of Reason
i ' " " if ' ' 1 i in i i i wiuiri" 1 iinrn
'ilP 5 J I I
2rL WM 1 FromHouse Tu7 i
New War Council
Is Announced bv
Special Staff, Ready for Ac
tive Service at Moment's
Notice, Worked Out
By Pershing. -
Chicago Tribune-Omaha, Bh Leased Wire.
Washington, Aug. 17. The estab
lishment of a war plans division in
the general staff of., the ariny anI
creation of a war council were an
nounced by Secretary of War
Weeks today, through publication of
an ortier by Gen. John J. Pershing,
the chief of staff, directing reorgani
zation of the general staff.
General Pershing's order is the
consummation of a plan originated
by Secretary Weeks whereby there
would be organized within the gen
eral staff a special war staff ready
for the call to war at a moment's
notice, with its organization per
fected to the point of functioning as
it should in time of war.
"Through the plan worked out by
General Pershing and General Har
bord, the assistant chief of staff,"
said Secretary Weeks,- "we have a
well organized war staff, which can
function for war at a moment's no
tice without crippling any branch of
the areneral staff at home. The war
staff will be so organized that all
branches of the department at home
would be left m capable hands
whenever the call to action came.
"The plan has been worked out
by the two generals who were the
best fitted to do it and in their plan
they have embodied the best fea
trvs f war staff organization as de
veloped in the world war."
. General Pershing, as chief of staff
of the army, is the head of the war
plans division created in ths gen
eral staff, which will counsel from
time to time with the war council,
consisting of the secretary of war,
the assistant secretary of war and
the general of the armies.
Germans and Poles
Clash; 24 Are Killed
Berlin, Aug. 16. (By the Asso
ciated Press. Twenty-four Poles
were killed and many wounded to
dav in a ficrht between Germans
and regular Polish troops near the
frontier villages of Mernaiitz ano
Kostellitz, in upper Silesia.
The Germans drove the Poles
across the frontier.
Five Doughboys Now
"Sittin' on the World''
At Speedway Hospital
Chicago, Aug. 17. With two miles
of spotless white corridors, 1,000
beds and all the equipment of a brand
new hospital at their disposal, five
wounded doughboys are "sittin' on
top of the world," at Speedway hos
pital, the government's new structure
at Maywood, 111.
The hospital was opened a week
ago, and so far has received only
"We've got three majors, two
nurses and two orderlies worrying
over us," said Sergt. Harlow B.
Garthwaite, late of C company, 60th
field signal batalion. "They're, killing
us with kindness. Why, we've got one
major detailed exclusively swatting
Garthwaite's four companions in
the $ 10,000,000 hospital are: Everett
Darling, gassed in the Argonne;
Charles L. Glass, 260th devision;
Everett M. Howe, who lost an arm
at the capture of Cantigny, and Bob
Collcn, a 57-year-old naval veteran,
a victim of rheumatism
B (I url, Dally tii Sunday. IT.ttl Otlli enly. ll
Sunday. 12.50; I aolnU Ualtt Statu, CanUa ana Maalee.
Win in Congress
Agreement Between Conferees
On Willis-Campbell Bill Re
garded as Victory.
Chicago Tribune-Omaha Bee Leaned Wire.
Washington, Aug. 17. Brewers
and distillers were -victorious again
today, when the senate and house
conferees on the Campbell-Willis
bill reached a complete agreement
. The terms of the agreement were
not made public, but were said to
embody the substance of the house
amendment adopted yesterday whicli
is interpreted as legalizing brewing
and distilling for personal consump
tion in private dwellings.
The house amendment was entire
ly rewritten and enlarged, it was
stated, but its purpose was not mod
ified. According to members of the
conference committee, it still pro
tects the sanctity of the home
against search without warrant and
prohibits issuance of warrants tin
less there is eason to believe that
liquor is being manufactured for
An additional provision was adopt
ed modifying the original senate
amendment which would render pro
hibition agents powerless to halt
whisky-running automobiles or to
seize illicit liquor on private prop
erty. The compromise will enable
prohibition officers to search auto
mobiles, hotel rooms or office build
ings for liquor, but at the same time
it makes them liable to suit for
damages if their search fails to re
veal illicit liquor.
Omaha Grl Injured
In Auto Crash During
Shower at Lincoln
Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 17. (Special.)
Miss Golda Gollehan, 2001 North
Forty-fifth street, Omaha, was ser
iously injured here this afternoon in
an automobile accident.
The car in which Miss Gollehan
was riding ran into a large car. She
was cut about the face and body. Her
wounds bled profusely and physicians
expressed a fear the jugular vein
might be severed.
W. A. McOulia drove the car in
which Mis Gollehan was riding. He
took her tb a hospital. The oth;r
car was driven by E. W. Truman
The accident occurred during a
Governor to Review Guard
In Camp at Des Moines
Des Moines, la., Aug. 17. (Spe
cial Telegram.) Governor McKelvic
of Nebraska will review the 134th
regiment which arrived at Camp
Dodge today, August 29. ,
The Nebraska guardsmen were
warmly welcomed by the 42d Iowa
soldiers already in camp as they
moved into their barracks at the
south end of the camp.
Governor Kendall of low a and his
staff will be present August 29,
which has been designated governors
day, for the review of the Nebraska
men. Col. Amos Thomas of Oma
ha is in command of the Nebraskanj.
Joint Stock Land Banks to
Float $30,000,000 of Bonds
Chicago, Aug. 17. A bond issue
of $30,000,000 at per cent will be
issued at once as a result of action
taken here at a meeting of the
American Association of Joint Stock
Land banks yesterday.
This issue with others to be
floated before December L will make
a total of about $130,000,000 loaned
to farmers by banks this year, of
ficers of the association said. Guy
Huston, Chicago, was elected presi
Of Wage Disputes
"Full Power to Act" Given
Board by Conference In
cludes Authority to
A detailed proposition for arbitra
tion of wage questions and working;
conditions, similar to the present Al
Schulcr agreement," was unanimously
adopted and the executive board of
the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and
Butcher Workmen was given "full
power to act" at the organization's
international conference -on the south
Side, which adjourned at 2 p. m.
Negotiations Kept in View.
The executive board, composed of
district presidents and international
officers, formulated plans for nego
tiating with packers in an effort to
effect the adoption of vhc proposi
tion before the expiration of the Al
schuler agreement September IS.
These plans provide for the calling
of a meeting of all allied trades in
the packing industry, to be held in
Chicago or Washington. At this
meeting officers of the organization
hope to obtain the endorsement of
their new plan of arbitration from
these allied unions, 16 in number,
thus "adding weight to the proposi
tion and puttting forth a solid front,"
as one delegate expressed it.
Authorized to Call Strike.
Although officers and delegates re
fused to divulge working details of
the proposition it was decided to call
mass meetings in principal packing
house centers that the proposition
may be outlined to the workers
Patrick E.; Gorman, international
vice president, will remain in Omaha
to speak before an open air mass
meeting of packing workers tonight.
When interviewed delegates said
the vote giving the executive board
"full power to act" not only meant
that the board had the power to
negotiate a new agreement accord
ing to its best judgment, but that
it also had the power to call a strike.
Nebraska Woman May Lose
Washington, Aug. 17. (Special
Telegram.) Efforts of Congress
man Jefferis, Senator Kellogg, Con
gressman McLaughlin, and others,
to secure for Mrs. Irene C. Buell,
city attorney of Ashland, Neb., ap
pointment as assistant United States
attorney general, were halted by the
receipt of a statement from the at
torney general that he has already
decided upon a successor to Mrs.
Annette Abbot Adams. While his
choice was not announced, it is ru
mored that the nominee will be a
California woman. Mrs. Buell had
a number of endorsements from
judges and members of the bar in
- The Weather -
Nebraska Fair and warmer Thurs
day; Friday unsettled.
Iowa Fair Thursday and probably
Friday; warmer Thursday in west
and north central portions.
S a. m . .
a. m . .
7 a. m..
B m. m. .
a. m. .
in a. m. .
1 p. tn...
S p. m . . .
S p. m . . .
4 p. m . .
5 p. m . . .
d. m . . .
11 a. m.
7 p. m . . .
12 noon BO I I p, n.
rhvrriuio Sft I Purhlo
Parrnport t I Rapid Cltv.
nonrrr Halt Ikc. .
I Molnm M ) Kanta Ke...
Idir Cltr M I Mirriilan ..
lender I Mom City.
Worth riatte ...84 lalrntine ..
Cut to Limit
Senator Favors Reduction of
Armament But Only Under
Condition That Action
Outlines Future Stand
By GRAFTON S. WILCOX. '
Chlraco Tribune-Omaha lira Leased Wira
Washington, Aug. 17. Replying
to democratic heckling, Senator
Lodge, republican leader, outlined tj
the senate today, some of the princi
ples which will guide him as one of
the American representatives in the
coining conference of the world
He favors a general limitation of
armaments, but he favors no limita
tion unless it is general.
He regards armament reduction as
primarily necessary to relieve the
world's economic distress and he
hopes that it will also promote uni
He considers that the United
States has already cut its army and
navy budgets to the danger line and
thinks it would be a grave mistake
to make further curtailment un
less there is an international agree
ment for reduction of armament.
The debate began when Senator
Lodge, opposing passage of the1
$100,000,000 good roads bill on tha
ground of economy, declared that
army and navy appropriations had
been reduced below the level of
Cut to Danger Point ;
"We have cut down with great,
severity the appropriations for th.
army and navy which I regard as
absolutely . necessary expenditures
for any government which means
to protect itself against dangers
which may come to any nation," said
Senator Lodge. "We have cut tha
army below a point which seems
to me safe. We have cut the navy
down to such a point that work on
necessary ships, such as battle
cruisers and airplane carriers, has
been either stopped or slackened.
"This is exactly like a man who
economizes by giving up his insure
ance, whether on his house or on his
life. I think these reductions of our
army and navy have been carried too
far already, but to cut down the naval
appropriations $100,000,000 below
what is needed to complete, in a
reasonable time, our building pro
gram and give us usch a navy as we
should possess under present condi
tions is an economy of the most
dangerous kind. .
"When we make such tedutfibnT"
as these and such reductions for the
army as we have made it is wholly
indefensible to take all we have saved
cn the navy and spend it for good
roads which are instruments of pros
perity and convenience, but which
are not an insurance of our safety
nor a security for our peace."
Harrison Deplores Stand.
Senator Harrison of Mississippi,
democrat, deplored Senator Lodge'
attitude regarding armament.
"The success or failure of the con-i
fcrence depends upon the personnel
of the delegates," said Senator Har
rison. "I am hopeful that the senator
from Massachusetts will change ht
views and work in co-operation with
the representatives of the other coun
tries to bring about a limitation of
Senator Harrison declared that
President Harding should appoint
Senator Borah of Idaho a member
of the American delegation in recog
nition of his efforts in behalf of dis
?rmament. Senator King of Utah,
democat, suggested that the appoint
ment of Woodrow Wilson would be
logical and proper.
Senator Harrison also demanded
that the conference be held in the
open. He offered an amendment
to require the American delegates
to use their influence for open ses
sions of the conference. He gave
notice that he would move to sus-
pend the rules to make the amend
ment in order as a rider on the de
ficiency bill containing the $200,00(1
appropriation to defray the expense;
of American participation in the con-
The first delegation to press for)
a woman on the armament reduction
conference was received by the.
president at the executive offices to-4
day. The delegation from the Na
tional League of Women Voters car
ried the resolutions passed by the na-
tional convention in April and by th
executive board in July.
President Harding received thd
delegation with his characteristic
cordiality. Mrs. Park made the trts4
entations. In accepting the resoltw
lions, President Harding said thai
he was very anxious to have the in-
tuitions and influences of women
utilized in this conference and htt
was confident that the problem would
be worked out satisfactorily.
Cashier Saves $1,000 From
Robbers by Sitting on It
Chicaeo. Auor. 17. Mrc
Yore, secretary of a dairv rnmiunr
has a novel plan to outwit bold ban
dits. She was Stonnrrt hv rnKKr.
yesterday on her way to a bank
wnn $i,uuu in currency. Dropping;
the money on the sidewalk, she sat
down on it and screamed. Efforts
of the bandits to pull her over were
futile and they fled as aid ap
proached. Depositors in Hadar Bank
Will Be Paid by State
Xorfolk Neb., Aug. 17. (Special
Telegram.) Approximately $77,000,
taken from the Nebraska state guar
antee fund, was received Tuesday bjr
Ben Saunders, receiver of the failed
Hadar bank, and will be used to pay
depositors whose deposits in the
bank were guaranteed by the state.
Mr. Saunders will begin issuing
checks to the depositors on Saturt
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