Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 05, 1921, Page 6, Image 6

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The Bee's Platform
1. Nw Union Patingr Station.
2. Continued improTement of th Ne
bratka Highways, including tha pave
ment of Main Thoroughfare leading
into Omaha with a Brick Surface.
3. A short, low-rate Waterway from the
Corn Belt tq the Atlantic Ocean.
4. Home Rule Charter for Omaha, with
City Manager form of Government.
; Lesson in Des Moines' Plight.
Whatever else of merit may be disclosed on
careful examination of the street railway situa
tion in Des Moines, one salient fact is unescap
able. Fublio service must be paid for by the
public. Whether the transportation problem of
' a city is solved in one or another of several pos
sible ways, the cost of operation and a reasonable
return on the necessary investment must be
forthcoming. This is axiomatic, also elemental.
We have no information which will justify
an analysis of the causes for the plight of the
Des Moines tramway company. Two points are
noted, though. One is that the amount of funded,
and floating debt, $7,500,000, is not too formid
able a load for such a concern; the other is that
at no place in the proceedings does the element
of probable municipal ownership appear. Against
these facts is to be set the other fact that the re
ceipts of the concern did not suffice to meet its
expenses. Such a condition of affairs indicates
that somewhere exists something that is funda
mentally wrong.
A complication in Des Moines is the presence
of bus lines, competing for the business. The
right of the public to patronize the bus or the
"jitney" is not in question. The effect of the
competition, however, has been disastrous to the
tramway company. Organized to care for
traffic greatly exceeding the 105,000 fares
daily collected, it has been compelled to
divide a portion of that with a competi
tor that only cares for 40,000. So far as these
are concerned, the situation is unchanged, but the
other 65,000 patrons find themselves without
the service they are accustomed to and require
for their convenience and comfort. Here is
where competition becomes ruinous, the outcome
suggesting the desirability of closely regulated
The lesson contained in this instance applies
equally to all communities. Rates for service
must be compensatory, but should rest on the
actual cost of the service. This is ascertainable,
for the value of the plant, together with cost of
operation, affords a sure basis for calculating re
turn. It is not a question of watered stock, of
excessive bond issues, or the capitalization of
earning capacity or future prospects within the
life of the franchise. What amount of capital
actually is employed in carrying on the business
can be learned, as well as the operating cost.
Then the public should be ready to pay sufficient
for service to make reasonable return certain to
the investors.
Intraurban transportation problems have be
come acute in America and some phases have
been very exasperating. These will not be set
tled until a complete, understanding is reached
and the distrust that now prevails in the minds
of the people as to the management has been
dispelled. The situation is unfortunate for all,
but more of frankness on part of owners is
essential to the definite solution.
Four New Warships.
From the American point of view the de
cision of Great Britain to build four battle
cruisers in advance of the convening of the con
ference of the powers to limit armament may
teem to indicate a certain distrust of any inter
national peace agreements. The League of
Nations has failed to bring about any decrease
in armament, and there are no doubt many
statesmen who believe the Harding plan also
will fail. At least all are determined that be
fore the construction of warships is limited,
they will have enough ships to protect them
selves from each other.
Impulse to criticise England for embarking
on new naval building is checked by the recol
lection that the same policy was carried through
in the United States and in Japan. The very
bill containing the authority for calling a con
ference on disarmament included millions of
dollars in appropriations for new vessels of
Such is the distrust that exists in official
minds. With less practicality and more ideal
ism the people of these various lands look to
arrangements precluding the possibility of war
and to the lightening of the cost of armaments.
Of the plots and plans of statesmanship and
diplomacy they know little, or they might have
as little faith as Churchill himself. If, how
ever, the conscience of the people is really
awake, insisting not only on limitation of war
like preparations but also on square dealing
between nations such as will remove some of
the causes of conflict, the statesmen will have
to follow.
"What's Your Hurry?"
Henry W. Dunn, in his capacity as police su
perintendent, presumably animated by a desire
to facilitate automobile navigation of the city
streets, has virtually destroyed the "safety
zones" set up by his predecessor. He has noti
fied the police that safety zones need not be ob
served by auto drivers, except when street cars
are standing to takje on or discharge passengers.
Little difficulty will be encountered in fol
lowing this order to its logical conclusion. A
few years ago a law was passed, requiring au
tomobiles to come to a stop when street cars
were stopped. Such was the condition then
on city streets that human life was constantly
endangered, and frequently forfeited, because
indifferent drivers persisted in thrusting their
cars through the crowds that gathered to get
on or were coming off street cars at the down
town intersections. Even that law was hon
ored more in breach than observance and Dean
Ringer sought to solve the problem by estab
lishing safety zones, through which an automo
bile could not pass, but permitting them to pass
outside without stopping when street cars were
Just as the public is getting thoroughly ac
customed to this, Mr. Dunn adds another regu
lation to complicate matters. One of the rea
sons he sets up is the uneven wear on the pave
ment. Whatever merit this may have, it is
more than offset by the possible added danger
to pedestrians or persons who patronize the
tramway. What Omaha needs is simple, under
standable traffic regulations, and these rigidly
enforced. Mr. Dunn's latest contribution to
the maze of rules is out In the interest of safety,
no matter how much it may add to speed.
Thorough Job of Cleaning Demanded.
The request of the attorney general that a
grand jury be called in Douglas county to make
inquiry into certain stock promotion activities
and the management of corporations that have
failed will get a second from all hands. It con
templates a job, however unsavory it may seem
at the outset, that must be done. If done at all,
it should be thorough. No peg should be left
on which a doubt may hang.
Mr. Davis, in his letter to Judge Troup,
asking that the court take action as he requests,
contains charges that deserve fullest considera
tion. If the attorney general is warranted in
the statements he makes, room should be made
in the penitentiary for some individual now at
large. Should full inquiry fail to develope that
the acts of these men are of criminal nature,
then they deserve the completest vindication.
One way or the other a positive conclusion
should be reached, to the end that a succession
of ugly rumors and the "whispering campaign"
of slander be silenced for good and all.
One deplorable fact stands out in undeniable
prominence. Money that was turned over by
hopeful investors has disappeared; it is gone, at
least so far as the stockholder is concerned.
To quote from the attorney general's letter:
Nebraska is now paying for the debauch of
promotion on which it embarked in 1918 and
1919, and in which some of its most promi
nent citizens prostituted their names for pieces
of gold. But the tide has now turned. A
sadder and ' wiser public now reach out
stretched arms to the law for that vindication
of justice which the courts alone provide.
Whether the "blue sky" law was evaded or
ignored, investors were duped. Responsibility
rests somewhere, and it should be brought home
to the culpable. A thorough investigation by a
grand jury will do no harm, and it may do a
great deal of good in Nebraska right now.
Williams and the Reserve Board.
The war between John Skelton Williams and
the bankers did not end when a new comptroller
of the treasury was named, but seems to have
gathered force. Just now the row between Mr.
Williams and the members of the Federal Re
serve Board has reached a blaze, and somebody's
reputation is likely, to be scorched. It will be a
good thing for all hands if the matter is thor
oughly examined and all the facts brought to
public notice.
When Mr. Williams was in office he made
many charges against the banks of the country,
particularly those of the west and southwest, and
managed to keep himself in a controversy with
the bankers all the time. Representative Mc
Fadden of Pennsylvania sought to bring about
Williams' removal from office, making a de
termined fight in the house against him, but was
unable to make headway against the unswerving
support of President Wilson for his appointee.
Clashes between the comptroller and the Reserve
Board were frequent, both policies and practices
being involved. Bankers were divided as to the
merits of the running dispute, and business more
or' less disturbed by its progress.
Since returning to the attack Mr. Williams
has especially asserted that stock gambling and
promotion enterprises were favored, while farm
ers and stock raisers, particularly the cotton
planters, were victimized by the control of the
currency through the Federal Reserve banks.
This matter is now fairly before the congres
sional committee. It is no longer a question of
the probity of members of the board or the abil
ity and qualifications of the late comptroller of
the currency. It is one of fact.
The public is entitled to know if the great
power of the government has been at any time
used to aid purely speculative endeavors of bank
ers. If the inquiry can bring out the truth on
this point, it will be well worth while, and the
squabble between Mr. Williams and the board
members can be dismissed as a matter of little
importance, save as it affects public interests.-
Japan's idea that a nice way to set about dis
armament would be to dismantle American mili
tary and naval bases in the Pacific islands simply
illustrates the point that each nation wants the
other to make the sacrifice and that the other
is unable to understand why its armament is
considered a menace.
Thousands of German workmen have
pledged themselves never again to serve in war.
This will be generally admitted to be a fine
movement in Germany but it will not be
loudly applauded if it spreads into the home
land of others.
If Mrs. Irene Buell of Ashland succeeds in
gaining appointment as assistant attorney gen
eral of the United States those few firecrackers
that were set off out there will have raised her
as high as if they had been bombs.
Rent on 500 houses and apartments in Wash
ington owned by the government is to be re
duced 15 per cent, which may be taken as
illustrating once more what a poor business
man Uncle Sam is.
A candy company ia New York has cut the
price of everything from bonbons to gum drops
right in two, but still this will not go far to
ward lightening the cost of living..
Senator Penrose wants the tariff in force
before snow flies what, are they going to tax
the climate, too?
Building Industry Depressed
Loss to Society Because of the
Inactivity in This Important Line.
An early frost seems to have hit some of the
promotion companies hereabouts.
(From the New York Times.)
Averages are fiction, and the truth is not in
them. The roots of the present business de
pression must be sought -in quarters where con
ditions are below the average, and there is one
which has escaped attention. Our industries
are usually divided into five classes agricul
ture, manufactures, transportation, mining, lum
ber but there is a sixth which is even more
depressed and which in its proportions rivals
several of the usual divisions. Agriculture claims
to be suffering most, and is the largest of all.
But the trouble of agriculture is mostly a mat
ter of prices and markets, and not of quantities
'or wealth. The farmers are worse off than al
most any other class, but their suffering reduces
the cost of living to their fellow citizens, and
is a mainstay of our export trade. Within a
year over a billion dollars' worth of farmers'
produce has gone abroad, more than in any
other year.
There is no such alleviation of the depres
sion in the sixth of our industries, construction.
The Bulletin of the General Contractors' asso
ciation has assembled corporation income tax
returns to show that its gross income is about
two billions. The United States Chamber of
Commerce's committee on statistics, on a wider
survey, claims that the construction industry
has produced more than seventy-seven billions
of the national wealth, not far from 25 per cent
of the total. The construction workers and
their families total eleven millions, and half of
the new security issues, over two billions, are
allocated to the construction field. Although it
is not possible to concede precision for these es
timates, authoritative though they are. the fig
ures are worth attention because this industry
is both one of the most depressed and the one
which promises most hope of revival.
Building is but one item in the construction
industry, and a committee of the engineering
council says that there is a half billion of wages
lost through unemployment among 3,000,000
building workers. The loss of this consuming
power is felt in all directions, and the unem
ployed are a burden on the community. They
have allowed themselves to be exploited by their
own leaders, and have themselves been active
in the most destructive of all wastes, that of re
striction of production by combinations prej
udicial alike to the general interests and to
themselves. t Every house renter knows what
the depression in the building industry means
to him. Building stopped in the early stages of
the war, and is only just now reviving. Every
year a million men reach marriageable age and
most of them need homes for two. It is mod
erate to say that the country is short a million
homes. That .is but one item in the estimate
that the construction industry now needs twenty-five
billions of dollars for work essential to
the national comfort.
The bill of particulars which makes up this
huge sum includes a billion for each of the war
years for the railways, rather more than for
housing. Public utilities need several billions
for construction. The hydro-electric development
of the country stopped when the government
lands were withdrawn from use, and billions
will flow into it when the industry is opened to
construction. Applications for two billions are
now before the federal power commission. The
country's need for these things is almost as real
as the needs of the unemployed for wages.
Sooner or later these needs will come together,
and good times are then due. They are hardly
due before because the construction industry is
the one which employs the margin of work and
capital which makes the difference between
good and bad times. Times are never good when
the country is just living along, meeting only
its daily needs. Hope revives with the revival
of the forward-looking construction industry.
That explains the much used and abused word
"constructive" in praise of policies for livening
our politics and economics. This is the direc
tion in which potential bank credits can best be
used. Diversion of them to sustaining prices of
investments in existing industries lends cheer to
the security markets, but does nothing toward
the consumtion of materials or enlargement of
the wage fund. Constructive credits for the
construction industry contains more cheer than
a stock market boom.
Consuls, New Style
The little address which Secretary Hughes
made last week to a group of beginners in the
consular service is a reminder of good old days
better forgotten. He congratulated them on
having won their appointments by merit 1 Did
no old-fashioned spoilsman turn in his grave?
The secretary also dwelt upon their duties to
be, above all, accurate in their official reports,
to be courteous to all with whom they had so
cial or business contact, and to avoid when
abroad a flamboyant, boastful or bombastic at
titude. These must seem hard sayings for those bred
in the old school. They used proudly to main
tain that we had the "best consular service on
earth," at a time when it was in reality steeped
in politics and top-heavy with incompetence. If
a consul had then been told that he was not
sent abroad in order to swagger for his country,
he would have thought the foundations of the
government were, quaking. And the idea of his
having anything to do with "merit" would have
been a big joke to him. He and his senator
would have gone off and had a good laugh
over it.
The new type of consul has arrived, and all
concerned are the better for it. The reform is
not purely a product of political virtue. It has
been forced upon the United States by compe
tition with other nations. We have been, as the
man with a crooked reputation said about his
reformation, "straightened" by circumstances.
Our consular service could not begin to hold its
own with others, in benefiting commerce, unless
it was purified and toned up, as it now has been
to a gratifying degree. New York Times.
Great Change in Hotel Plans.
The advocacy at the hotel men's convention
in Chicago of "a return to the American plan"
is a development of equal interest to proprie
tors and patrons. . . . Perhaps American
hotel keepers will some day try the French and
Italian plan of making the pension rate for
meals so low and the cooking so good as to
"keep guests in the hotel." The method works
well in Europe and ought to work well here.
New York World.
We Descended From Cats.
John M. Tyler, professor emeritus of bio
logy of Amherst college, has been looking into
our beginnings and he thinks that in appearance
and structure the cats were much better justi
fied than the apes in aspiring to bipedic pre
eminence, and that on form they should have
won the future and made certain the ultimate
holding of all meetings of art and learning on
the back fence. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Says She Can't Shimmy.
Japan thinks she will be delighted to come
to President Harding's party, but first wants to
know which of the modern dances will be al
lowed; because she simply knows that some of
them make her look too foolish. Chicago Eve
ning Post.
"Carry On."
It Is in a time like this that the man with
the grit calls the order to advance and leads the
way. The triflers and the weaklings lounge in
the loafing places and cuss the government.
Houston Post.
Gay City 150 Miles Long.
How many years will it be before the whole
Jersey coast, from Cape May to the Atlantic
Highlands becomes one continuous city? New
York Herald
How to Keep Well
Question concerning byglon. sanita
tion and prevention of diaeaae, sub
mitted to Dr. Evan by readera of
Th Bee, will be anewored personally,
subject to proper limitation, where a
atamped, addreaaed envelop i n
closed. Dr. Evan will not malt
dlatnoal or proscribe for Individual
diteaaea. Address letter In car of
. Th Be.
Copyright. 1921, by Dr. W. A. Evan.
Such progress Is being made In
the control of human tuberculosis
that there are those who think they
can see the end of the fight. There
are communities which can show a
reduction of 60 per cent in the death
rate from consumption sinco 1907.
Perhaps the time has come for
those who have succeeded so well
with human' consumption to help
out in the eradication of the disease
in lower animals.
There are three fairly well fixed
types of the tubercle bacilli. One
causes most of the consumption in
human beings; the other is respon
sible for consumption in cows, In
hogs, and in children, and the third
for consumption in birds.
The human tubercle bacillus is re
sponsible for most of the human
tuberculosis, but does not cause
tuberculosis ordinarily in other
The ovian tubercle bacillus is re
sponsible for tuberculosis in birds,
but does not cause tuberculosis in
man or other mammals.
Dr. E. C. Schroeder of the Depart
ment of Agriculture thinks the bo
vine bacillus Is the most important
of the three. It causes all the
tuberculosis in cows and in hogs
and most of that in children.
The hog gets all its tuberculosis
from cows. The bacillus lives and
multiplies in the hog, but it cannot
bo transmitted to other animals.
While the hog Is Infected by cows,
it cannot Infect cows.
If Dr. Schroeder is correct, we
have taken more precautions to pre
vent humans from being Infected
from eating pork from tuberculous
hogs than we need to have done.
According to his view, the only
importance of tuberculosis in hogs
lies In demonstration of the preva
lence of tuberculosis in dairy cows
and in the economic waste it oc
casions. About 60 per cent of the gland
tuberculosis, 70 per cent of the ab
dominal tuberculosis, and 25 per
cent of the general tuberculosis in
children is due to bovine tubercle
bacilli. This bacillus multiplies in
the human body; but it is not con
veyed from infected children to
other children, nor to hogs nor cows,
says Schroeder.
Practlcelly every case of tuber
culosis in human subjects due to
bovine tubercle bacilli must be
charged to ultimate contact, in most
cases through the Ingestion of dairy
products between persons and tu
berculous! cattle.
The exact relation between the
tuberculosis of childhood and that
of adult life has not been settled.
About tlio tiniin Trade.
Omaha,' Aug. 1. To the Kdltor of
The iWv: The action of the Na
tional Grain Dealers' association at
Cincinnati is the natural outcome of
an effort on tho part of inexperi
enced men to destroy a system of
marketing grain that Is tho result
of evolution through a period of
over 75 years. The American sys
tem is recognized throughout the
world to be the best, the most eco
nomical, in existence anywhere.
Other peoples are copying in part,
or wholly, the system evolved In the
United States. The best minds in
the country are coining to look at
the effort now being made to de
stroy tho present ctllclent marketing
system as an effort on the part of
certain persons to Introduce meas
ures that are revolutionary (as dis
tinguished from evolutionary) and
whose basic principles are antago
nistic to the theories of business and
government that have placed the
United States in its present position
as the first in the world in point of
wealth and independence.
Experienced men in other lines
of business are rejoiced to see the
National Grain Dealers' association
pick up the gauntlet thrown down,
and prepare to defend their busi
ness methods before the whole
world. It is pointed out that the
It may be that we will gain enough
from controlling tuberculosis in chil
dren to make it worth while for us
to help out with bovine tuberculosis.
Aside from that, why not help out
because the farmer needs help? So
large a proportion of his cows are
tuberculous that he makes milk and
butter at a disadvantage, and the
loss from tuberculosis In hogs is
More Exercise, Less Food.
Mrs. H. V. H. writes: "Our boy, 11,
Is 4 feet 10 inches tall and weighs
107 pounds. He seems to have too
much blood. When he exercises the
least bit in the hot weather he gets
purple in the face and also gets a
"1. What should he weigh?
"2. What should he eat?
"3. Is there any treatment be
sides .dieting that would benefit him?
"4. Would the climate of Mon
tana bo dangerous to him this sum
mer?" REPLY.
1. A boy of that height and age
should weigh 75 pounds. He is both
tall for his age and considerably
2. He should eat less food, par
ticularly bread, potatoes, and
starchy and sweet foods in general.
3. Probably he needs no treat
ment, except dieting.
4. No. If he will go there, drive
hard, and eat less he may get down
his weight.
methods of the grain men in all de
partments of the trade must bo
clean and square or they would not
readily defend their positions in
such an open and public manner.
Their former attitude of silence has
been misconstrued into an acknow
ledgment that something in the
trude needed to be covered up,
whereas the truth is that until re
cently the trade failed to recognize
the extent to which the injurious
propaganda lias permeated tho
country. The farmers have been
lesors to an extent that is almost
vnbeliovable, and agitators have in
dustriously kept them brooding over
those losses till many of them have
heretofore failed to realize that
these losses are paralleled in al
most every other line of business
and that the causes do not lie in
the grain marketing methods, but
In the world situation regarding
credits, taxation, armaments and
other kindred subjects.
The business world is distinctly
glad to see the action taken at Cin
cinnati. It establishes their former
confidence in the cleanness of the
business methods in this most im
portant department of the world's
affairs. There is no other Una of
business that is now so openly com
petitive as the handling of grain.
Every other line coal, lumber, ce
ment, farm machinery, groceries,
dry goods, and practically all man
ufactured products have, In one or
another department of their distri
bution, some restrictions made by
dealers all but grain. The pres
ent attack on grain dealers seems
tc be purely political. The farmers
have many votes. Politicians are
trying to corral the farmer vote to
keep demagogues in office at the
expense of the most economical
marketing system the world ever
knew. If it were not for the un
interrupted working of our modern
methods, grain prices would be dis
tinctly lower than now and greater
iluctuations would occur in the
course of the year than occur now.
U .
It Was Mauling Her Husband.
New Tork society woman now in
jans is saia to nave shot seven
lions In Africa. She probably be
came expert through handling social
lions. Pittsburgh Gazette-Times.
LV. Nicholas Oil Company
xrst Tt- a-mhirinrv
JL1 ;UMl f f-y
piano in (he world,
vnur choice will DG 3t
provided you are
in earnest' in your"
examination and com
parison of all he
fine instruments on
(he markef.
Highest priced
highest? praised
Lowest Prices
On Renewed Pianos
Hallet & Davit, Rosewood. .$115
Kohler & Chase, Mahogany,. 140
Hobart M. Cable, Mahogany, . 225
Cable & Son, Walnut 195
Hale Sc. Co., Rosewood 65
Steger, Walnut 235
Smith & Barnes, Mahogany, 275
Nettow, Walnut 215
Harvard, Ebony 160
Everett, Ebony . 140
Buh & Lane, Walnut 295
Camp & Co., Walnut 235
Kimball, Oak 310
Kranich & Bach, Walnut . . 225
Brand New Player
Pianos $395. $3.50 Per
Week Pay for Same.
1513 Douglas St.
The Ail and Music Store
Jlakes 11 Joe ne
"No more pitiable spectacle of complete legislative subserviency, of legislative truck
ling, of legislative crawling upon the belly at the feet of a master and licking the boots
of authority" has ever been seen by Senator Reed, of Missouri, so he says, than is pre
sented by the Republican Senate majority. However much the people may approve Pres
ident Harding's decision to assume more and more of active1 leadership, the Democrats in
Congress, reports one of the newspaper correspondents, have made up their mind that he
is not to be allowed to "get away with it," at least until they have shown up Republican
inconsistency. Both Senators and Congressmen have denounced recent attempts at what
they call "personal rule."
President Harding's career as leader of his party really began with his address to the
Senate which prevented the passage of the bonus bill, notes the Boston Transcript, (Rep.).
In thus assuming active direction of the most important business before Congress, we
read in the Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), "He was but following Theodore Roosevelt and Wood
row Wilson, who long ago discovered that the conception of the Presidency until recent
ly held by Mr. Harding tends toward the paralysis of governmental business." When
Mr. Harding took the place of Mr. Wilson on March 4th, writes the Washington corre
spondent of the Seattle Times (Ind.), "there were people who believed he was a political
jellyfish." But,. we read, "he has astonished the skeptics and delighted his friends by his bold
ness and initiative first, in what he has done to insure a world conference on disarmament,
and, secondly, in single-handedly tackling the bonus hornet's nest." "Let him take the
helm!" cries the Boston Herald, one of the many Republican papers delighted to see the
president taking the lead in the work of legislation.
The leading article in THE LITERARY DIGEST this week, August 6th, describes
with a world of detail the President's action in assuming the leadership of his party, pre
senting, as it does, public opinion from all sections of the country as represented by editorials
in leading newspapers.
Other news-features in this number of THE DIGEST of interest and importance are:
Railroad Aid Without New Taxes
New Hope for the Disabled Veteran
Lasker As a Lid-Lifter
An Anglo-Yanko-Japanese Triangle
Coming: The "Trollibus"
Detection of False Handwriting
George Washington in England
Millions Starving in Lenine's
Paradise of Atheism
More Nurses Vs. Better Nursing
Best of the Current Poetry
Numerous Illustrations
The Insurance Companies Present Their Side
Illinois's Indicted Governor
The New Menace to Sea Power
France and England Fighting Into Harmony
Austria's Republic "Carries On"
Golf By Machinery
Hindu Ancestry of Uncle Remus
A German Slam At Our Literature
The Necessity of Pistol-Toting
Smuts,The"New Man" Out of Africa
Topics of the Day
Including Humorous Cartoons
August 6th Number on Sale To-day News-dealers 10c $4.00 a Year
FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY (Publishers of the Famous NEW Standard Dictionary). NEW YORK