Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 02, 1921, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 50 NO. 273. -n-au nnw hl v
A,v -,0 Oaika P. 0. Uito Art af Mtrak I. 1ST.
Uitll Ium M. ay tll (I Vr.). Billy Sua., 7.M: Bitty Oat. M: ..
OgtMM 4ta ! (I ywr). Dally taatay. Ill: Oally Oily. Ill; Oaly. M
Allies To
'Aid France
In Germany
Britain, Italy, Japan and Bel
, gium Agree to Support
): Plans to Collect Rcpara-
tions by Force.
( Newr Demands Adopted
Chiea Triboaa Cable, Copyriant 121.
London, April 30. Premier Briand
of France, this afternoon won the
support of the allied supreme council
representing Great Britain, Italy,
Japan and Belgium to the French
plans for military occupation of the
Ruhr basin as the penalty for Ger
many's failure to execute the repara
tions, disarmament and punishment
of war culprits under clauses of the
Versailles treaty. -
Following up his sn less at Lymone
last week when the French premier
enlisted the aid of "Prime Minister
Lloyd George in Marshal Foch's
plans for extension of military guar
antees east of the Rhine, M. Briand
gained the approval of Count Sforza
of Italy, Baron Hayashi of Japan
" and Delegate Jaspar of Belgjum dur
- ng a four-hour session.
ifte powers reoresentinar the su-
preme council adopted the allied
reparations commission's estimates
. of 132,000,000,000', gold marks
amounting to 270,000,000,000 over a
long term of years 'as the allies'
r new reparations, demands, thus nulli
fying the Paris accord which araount-
ed only to 226,000,000,000 gold marks.
Briand Clinches Case.
Premier Briand clinched his case
so conclusively that no dissenting
voice was raised when he ,declafed
the German government willfully
had refused to execute , the three
"major points of the treaty by main
taining arms and an army above
;the amount the military clauses per
,mit; by failing to punish those
, guilty of criminal offenses during
the war and -by refusing to carry
out the reparations terms for which
f the treaty provides sanctions may
he taktn.
When the council adjourned for
dinnei- at 7:30 o'clock this evening
it was decided that the financial and
economic experts would meet to
night to draft an indemnity bill based
npon the reparations ' commission's
firjlirg establishing the number jf
year's .within which the reparations
'annuities must be paid and determin
ing the means and methods of pay
ment. ..-J, .: . -'
L;Mt is "cVpected that these modoH
rations will be completed tonigut
and will be preserved to the supreme
fcouncil .tomorrow morning ; at .11
O'clock. ' . '..-'
No Ultimatum Proposed.
Despite persistent rumors all day
ihat Mr. Lloyd George intended to
propose sending Germany an ultima
tum giving one week to accept or re
ject the terms of the accord, M. Bri
and having stated that such a thing
was entirely, unacceptable to France,
was hot suggested before the coun-
Marshal" Fdch, General Weygand
Svnd Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilsoa
spent the afternoon together at
Hampton court, where the ; French
general acquainted the British chief
of staff, with his plans for military
a Cperations. , "
Tiicse plans are expected to be
"submitted to the supreme council
forniallytomorrow afternoon rf time
y-lacking in the morning session to
C.tnine them. ,
' " ' Several days . will elapse before
French troops begin marching for-jyafdr-as
'certain details for . main
taining operations of industry in the
Ruhr valley have not yet bee:i
forked out. '
Premier Briand insisted on the
jioint tht the Ruhr mines and fac
tories would not be operated for
4 France's benefit alone during the
, occupation, but for the benefit of the
whole world, including Germany,
'but she must pay the world market
brices for the Ruhr's outnut of coil
Jnd manufactured goods."
1 The Krfirh al ar nrnar!nr n
provide foodstuffs for the bulk of
' the Ruhr region workers, as it is ex-
vppctea tnat a military and customs
Darner will oe picketed around the
occupied , scone which. Will result in
cutting off German food products
from the district. Dutch, Belgian,
French and other foreiegn food sup
plies will be distributed among .the
' It is not planned to interfere with
the existing civil, government or the
police and wherever mine or factory
superintendents, foremen or skilled
laborers wish to remain at work will
fce permitted to do so.
Today's events mark a striking
l-jctory for French diplomacy, Pre
mier Briand clearly demonstrating to
Mr. Lloyd George and the other su
preme council members the impera
tive need of abandoning procrastin-
Sting tactics with Germany and em
loving force to make the reaction-ries-in
Berlin realize' that Mr.
- ' jJJ UUiU UVi VUHUUU& IV Ol14 1UI
Although - Lord d'Abernon, the
British amhaasaifar in Berlin, hrouorht
Biinor modifications of the Simons
Effer as submitted to Washington,
fhey were deemed so trivial that no
tone urged discussion of them. -
M. Briand revetted from the starfl
fhe fact that France intended to take
taction .without delay and would re
fuse further fruitless parleying.
. r Since the Washington State de-
i - ' KrmanyV new 'offer, It was ignored
f . , Diplomats- here do not believe
I . Washington will agree to handle any
I wore German proposals. Both the
'fl T5:.V, mil Freneh that tho
best policy for the United States in
the fnture would be to refer German
propositions to tne teparations com
mission o'r tht allied governments di
. gtetfcr. ;.',; . .
Intensive Drive Staged in Holt
County, to Exterminate Mr. Crow
QiNeill, Neb., May 1. (Special)
Farmers, ranchmen and sportsmen of
Holt county are exterminating the
crowi within the county's confines.
A concerted action is being taken
against the 'crows during this, the
nesting season, and each Sunday
those interested in the extermination
of the pests shoulder the good old
"scatter guns," meet at some ranch
house in crow-infested territory and
proceed to kill off the "caws" and de
stroy the nests.
The crow long has been recog
nized by the federal department of
agriculture and by livestock men as
a menace to the livestock industry.
Students of nature also know that he
is doing more to destroy game and
insectiverous birds than all the out
laws with guns who shoot in season
and out.
Incidentally the chicken hawk has
nothing on Mr. Crow when it comes
to decimating the chicken flocks of
the farmer's wife and the rat could
take lessons from him on stealing
eggs. An outbreak of anthrax in
northern Holt county last year was
directly abbributed to crows bringing
the disease in from South Dakota
and hpg cholera frequently has been
communicated by them from one
farm o another located miles away.
Three Widows
Wait for Body
Of Air 'Pilot
"Tiny" Christensen WjU Be
Buried in Blair Funeral
Arrangements Not
Complete. x
Blair, Neb., May 1. (Special
Telegram.) Mrs. J. T. Christensen,
wife of the air mail pilot who war.
killed at Cleveland Friday, accom
panied by her mother, Mrs. Emory,
arrived, here from Winnebago, where
her mother lives. M.fs. Christensen
left her husband at Chicago Wednes
day and . arrived . at Winnebago
Thursday. She received a telegram
announcing his death Friday and Sat
urday she received a letter from him
written just before he started on his
fatal trip.
"Tiny," as he was called by his
near friends, had expected to spend
Sunday with his mother and brother,
Dr. Fred Christensen, yhp live at
Racine, Wis.
Blair was Mrs, Christensen's home
for many years, she grew to wom
anhood and became a tealher in the
county schools here. r v
A sad scene was witnessed in the
little cottage this evening where tht
young widow, her widowed mother
and widowed grandmother, Mrs. L,
A. McEvers, anxiously awaited fur
ther details of the fatal accident and
the arrival of the body of the noted
aviator, which -will be buried in the
Blajr cemetery. From information
so far received the body will arrive
some time Monday and the funeral,
will be hed Wednesday. No definite
arrangements can be made at the
present time.
Mr., Christensen, besides the moth
er and brother in Racine and' two
brothers in South Dakota, who will
be here for the funeral, ha one sis
ter and brother in this city, Mrs.
Lars Jensen and K. T. Christensen.
Mrs. Christensen said tonight that
while she 'could make no definite ar
rangements yet, she expected to go
to Chicago accompanied by her
mother and remain during the sum
mer where her husband had bought
them a beautiful hame.
McCormlck is Named
Head of Republican
Senatorial Committee
Chica. Tribune-Omaha Dm Leased Wire.
Washington, May 1. Senator Me
dill McCormick of Illinois has been
selected chairman of the republican
senatorial committee.
Announcement to this effect was
made by Senator Lodge of Massa
chusetts, republican leader of the
senate.' ,
This committee will co-operate
with the republican national commit
tee and the republican congression
al campaign committee in the 1921
elections and in any bye-elections
which may occur between now and
November of next year. ; '
Senator McCormick succeeded
Senator Poin dexter of Washington,
who retires from the chairmanship
because, he t will be a candidate, for
re-election in ,1922.
The other members of the commit
tee are Senator Capper of Kansas,
Senator Elkins of West Virginia,
Senltor Jones of Washington, Sena
tor Wadsworth of New York. Sena
tor Watson of Indiana and Senator
Moses pf New Hampshire.
Southern Planter
Teaches Pet Geese'
To -Bring Hint Fish
Cfclcar Tribaae-Omaha Bee Leaaed Win.
Natchez, Miss., May 1. J. T. Kerr,
planter, of Concordia Parish, La.,
and member of the Fifth district
levee board, has a pair of trained
wild geese. He says they are equal
in intelligence to the famous hunt
ing hog of .Col Tucker Gibson of
Natchez and Tensas Parish.
Mr. Kerr has just finished teach
ing the geese to fish. He declares
they knew how to swim and dive,
so it was only necessary to teach
them to catch the fish and bring
them to the boat which he rows
. Speaking of the geese, Mr. .Kerr
said his greatest trouble was teach
ing them to select only perch, bass,
or trout. He says they learned that,
as he is ready to demonstrate at
Lake St. John, in Concordia Parish,
at any time.. .
Holt county no more is' healthy for
the crow and he seems to realize it.
In some of the territory hunted over
early this spring the crows escaping
the hunters' guns have entirely dis
appeared . and rarely even fly
across it.
Crow hunting in Holt county is an
organized campaign. More than 250
were killed on the big L. W. Arnold
ranch on Eagle creek,'20 miles north
of O'Neill. Thirty-five hunters par
ticipated in.e drive, and as many
more drove out to look on. At noon
a ranch dinner was served to all at
the Arnold ranch house and after
eating the hunt was resumed. At
another time the hunters assembled
at the Ryan ranch, on the Elkhorn
river, "west of O'Neill, in a territory
also infested with crows. Next Sun
day another section where the crow
crop is thriving will be selected.
- James McPharlin and Ed O'Dou
nell, noted marksmen and hunters,
both oft O'Neill, are the captains of
the Holt county crow hunters and
each, already has. several hundred
crows and many nests to his credit
for the season, but Loren and Col
mar Simonson and John Crandall of
single day's shooting. The Simon
sons and Crandall killed 51 crops in
one day.
Democrats Join
Combine to Amend
U.S. Army Measure
Small Force Advocates Suc
ceed in Fixing Strength at
150,000 Men in Fight
In House.
Chicago Tribune-Omaha Bee Leaied Wire.
Washington, "May 1. The small
army men in the house, effecting a
combination with, the democrats,
out-gcneraled the republican leaders
and succeeded in amending the
army bill so as to fix the size of
the army at 150,000. This action
was taken despite the request of Sec
retary of War Weeks that the army's
size should not be. reduced' below
175,000. The house adjourned with
out passing the bill after a prolonged-debate
during which the re
publican leaders pleaded for a good
sized army because of, the disturbed
world conditions.
The situation which permitted
the democrats and small army men
to amend 'the bill and reduce the
army to 150,000 was brought about
by a well-mapped out program di
rected chiefly by the democrats who.
in the last session by combining their-
strength with small army adherents
on the republican side,, succeeded in
holding the army to the size as
agreed to today. The house bill was
not accepted by the senate, but after
a long wrangle in conference, the
conferees compromised on an r army
of 156,000. The bill was vetoed by
The bill as reintroduced in the
house provided -for an army of 168,-
000. Representative Kahn, chairman
of, the military affairs committee, of
fered an amendment to provide for
an army of 175,000. Representative
Fish presented an amendment to
this for an. army of 156,000. The
Kahn amendment as amended, was
defeated by a vote of 97 to 74 and
then Representative Byrnes of South
Carolina moved that the army should
be fixed at 150,000. This was adopt
ed by a vote of 109 to 82.
By reducing the army to this size
the appropriation for the army for
the next fiscal year is reduced from
$83,000,000 , to $72,000,000. "'
.Representative Kahn pleaded, with
the republicans to accept the recom
mendations of Secretary Weeks and
the- army officers. He asserted that
the disturbed world conditions justi
fied the United States keeping a
strong workable army of 175,000 and
insisted that the army officials would
accept a cut as soon as conditions
justified ' reductions. Republican
Leader Mondell also exhorted his
side to stand by the administration
as did others, but the house standing
by economies had "its way.
Farm House Destroyed
1 When Hit by Lightning
Alexandria, Neb., May 1. (Spe
cial.) llie residence of Leonard
Haddan, a farmer- living in this vicin
ity, was struck by lightning and
burned to the ground during a storm.
A large cottonwood tree standing
near thehouse was struck first, and
the streak of fire followed a bough
which hung down over the roof of
the house, igniting it instantly.
About $200 in household goods
were saved, but the rest was entirely
destroyed. Most of the loss was
covered by insurance.
Chautauqua Association
Organized at Lodgepole
Lodgepole, Neb., May' l. (Spe
cial.) The Lodgepole chautauqua as
sociation was organized and the dates
this year set for June 13 to 17.
The following officers were elected:
Dr. H. L. Mantor, president; A. H.
Kublman, vice president; W. J.
Chase, secretary-treasurer..
Hebron Academy Glee Club
Gives Concert at Deshler
Deshler, Neb.,' May 1. (Special.)
The glee club from the Hebron
academy, composed of 30 students
of that institution under the direction
of Prof. M. Paysen, gave an excel
lent program to a capacity audience
in the opera house here.
Thieves Strip Auto.
Alexandria, Neb., May l.-(Spe-cial.)
An automobile belonging to
Henry Sinn of this vicinity was
stolen from the main street .while he
was attending a dance here and was
driven five miles into the country,
where it was stripped of four tires,
one hind wheel, the. radiator and a
spark plug. -
Retail Rates "Sticking Pro
cess" in Country's Readjust
ment Process, Federal
Reserve Board Says.
Improvement is Shown
By the Aeaociated TreM.
Washington, May 1. Retail prices
appear to be the "sticking point" kn
the country's readjustment process,
he federal reserve board said tonight,
in its April review. Other factors
retarding readjustment were said to
be high transportation ' charges,
wages and coal and steel prices.
Increasing apprehension of the na
ture of readjustment process in busi
ness circles and the community,
however, the board said, is forcing
attention on the factors delaying re
covery and is promoting discussibn
with a view to removing obstacles.
Complete business recovery, the
board - continued, has been slower
than was predicted. Nevertheless, it
added, April has given evidence of
an improved feeling developing.
Less Uncertainty.
While there is still some uncertain
ty as to mhen an end of the read
justment period may be expected and
though business and industry in
some sections are still beset with
difficulties, some factors of uncer
tainty are either being eliminated or
are diminishing.
The fall in wholesale prices, which
has been continuous, it declares, ap
pears to be in a process of arrest,
having shown a greater degree of
stability during April.
Some unevenness in yrice reduc
tions, however, the board said, is one
feare i nthe industrial situation.
" hile in many important lines of
wholesale trade, prewar prices exist,
in other lines commodities are being
sold at twice or even more than twice
the 1913 values. The same uneven
ness exists, tlje board explained, be
tweenraw materials and the finished
products. ;
Raw Cotton Low.
"Haw cotton, the board declared, is
lower than the 1913 level, and wool
is about a third higher, but cotton
goods .are at least 20 per cent higher
than in 1913 and woolen cloth. -is ap
proximately twice as high.
In the hide and leather industry,
the discrepancy is greater, the board
asserted, the price of skinsvbeing one
third, undi'r prewar levels,- while the
price of shoes is twice as high as
in 1913.
While labor has been participating
in the readjustment process, the
board continued, the participation
has been uneven. . -
The agricultural situation was
characterized as generally favorable,
although the fruit growing sections
suffered from cold waves.
Little demand for ?oal is reported,
the board said, but petrolum has
gained. Continued increase in the
manufacuring activity of the silk
mils was reported.
Fire Destroys Army
Barracks at Ft. Bliss;
Two Soldiers Injured
' El Paso, Tex., May 1. Fire last
night destroyed the stables of the
82d United- States field artillery at
Fort Bliss. The fire extended to the
ammunition stores of the regiment
and exploding shells and small arm?
ammunition endangered the lives of
the firemen.
City firemen who assisted the army
department in fighting the blaze, es
timated the loss at $35,000. Army of
ficers placed the damage at $5,000.
A number of the artillery horses
rescued from the burning stables
broke their halters, rushed back and
peished in the fflames. Hundreds of
the horses stampeded across the des
ert. . ' -
Two" soldiers were reported hurt
by flying shrapnel. While the fire
was in progress the lights in Juares,
supplied with current from El aso,
went out. Something like'a panic en
sued among the more ignorant Mexi
cans, who, hearing the explosions at
Fort Bliss, thought a battle was in
progress. ' r )
MacSwiney's Brother Slakes
Escape From Prison Camp
Cork, May 1. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Sean MacSwiney,
brother of the late Lord Mayor Mac
Swjney, with two other Sinn Feiners
under internmeat, ' escaped today
from the Spike Island internment
camp. They overpowered the guard
while working outside the fort and
seized a motor boat on the shore:
Hatches Chick From
Broken Egg Patched
With Adhesive Tape
Indianola, Neb., May 1. (Spe
cial.) '
"Hiimpty Dumpty aat on a wall.
Humpty Dumpty had a bad tall.
All the kin"! bones and all the klnr'i
Cannot put Humpty lorether aiain."
What is it? .
Not an eggv says W. ' B. Mayes
of this city.
He received a consignment of ex
pensive setting eggs a few weeks
ago and in unpacking-them he ac
cidentally dropped one and broke
it, rrfaking a hole as large as the end
of an adult's finger.
Did he throw it away?
Not he. He called for some ad
hesive tape and covered up the
broken place. A healthy chick em
erged, from the egg the other day.
Mr. Mayes is saving a piece of
the shell showing the cobbling iob
to convince doubters.
Broken in Health and Spirit, Widow of
Allen Grammer Now Wed to Omahan Tries
To Erase Thoughts of Past From Mind
. Allen Vincent Grammer is dead, electrocuted for the murder of his
mother-in-law, Mrs. Lulu Vogt. All that was mortal of him sleeps quietly
in the little village cemetery of Palmer, Neb.
But for the brave young wife who stood by him until his death, from
whose arms he walked to the gallows, there is no sleep. No quiet. No
peace. No surcease from the anguish of torturing". thoughts and doubts,
mayhap regrets
She is a nervous wreck at the home of Mrs. Paul G. Rupright, 1481
! Spencer street, Omaha, it became known yesterday.
! Fineer of Scorn. S :
The last straw to break the iron
will which sustained the now 21-year-old
girl through four years of
trial and suspense was the finger of
scorn and censure pointed at her upon
her marriage, six weeks after her
husband's execution, to Charles E.
Henderson, then a railroad messen
ger of Omaha, Mrs. Rupright said.
The reading public remembered
only her "black-watch" cry to her
doomed husband: .
"Vincent, I love you. I never shall
marry again I"
Shadow of Former Self.
Racked by harrowing dreams of
the execution, as well as memories
of her murdered mother, whom she
yet steadfastly maintains her first
young husband did not kill; grief
stricken that her brothers, her only
living relatives, cast her off with
odium when she took her stand by
her husband, she is today a weak,
cowering, weeping shadow i of the
spirited young woman who fought
to prove her husband's 1 innocence,
working ceaselessly - to cam J the
money for this and her own support.
"I'd rather be dead than have peo
ple talk about, me like they do,"
sobbed the thin, faded bit of woman
hood huddled in her chair, her teeth
rattling like castanets from nervous
ness. Wants to Forget.
"I want them to let me alone. I
don't bother any one. I want to for
get, oh, how I want to forget 1" was
her anguished cry. ,
The only friend she has in the
world, besides her husband, is Mrs.
Rupright, who opened her home to
the friendless girl, immediately after
tha execution.
A just God . whose love encom
Nomination Of
Dry Law Officer
Suits Shotwell
Omaha Attorney Denies Re
port That He Would Pro
test Selection by Nebras
ka Delegation.
Washington Correspondent Omaha Bee.
Washingon, May 1. (Special
Telegram.) Frank A. Shotwell,
who is one of the directing forces
in the movement to elect a coalition
commissioner ticket in Omaha on
Tuesday, arrived in Washington Sat
urday from .Winston-Salem, N. C.
Mr. Shotwell has been east on busi
ness connected with the John Neal
estae in which relatives of the Om
aha -atorney are beneficiaries under
the will and in which he was named
as one of the execuors.
. Speaking of newspaper stories cur
rent in Nebraska that he had come
on to Washington to protest against
the nomination of U. S. Rohrer of
Hastings as prohibition enforcement
officer for Nebraska, Mr. Shotwell
said: -
"There is not a word of truth, in
that statement. I am in hearty ac
cord with the action of the congres
sional delegation in selection of men
to fill the federal positions in Ne
braska and I think the republicans
of the state will agree with me that
they did remarkably well under all
the circumstances. ' 'It is easy
enough to criticize, but it's hard to
make nominations when you have 20
or more candidates for each job to
be filled.
"I am reminded of the-'sign in
the Deadwood dance hall, 'Don't
shoot the piano player; he is doing
the best he can.' I am for the ac
tion taken by the Nebraska delega
tion in congress in settling the pat
ronage question."
Mr. and Mrs. Shohvell left this
afternoon for Omaha by way of In
Chicago Live Stock
Handlers on Strike
Chicago, May 1. Between 1,200
and 1,500 members of the Live Stock
Handlers' union struck today at the
Union Stock Yards, in protest against
a proposed reduction of tr cents an
hour. i
" A. G. Leonard, president of the
Union Stock Yards and Transit com
pany, declared that the company had
urged the men to submit the wage
cut to Federal Judge Alschuler for
arbitration. He said that the employ
es had refused and that the strike was
called in violation of their agree
ment." "The places of these men will be
filled at once," he said.
Des Moines Stock Company to
Play Summer Run in Omaha
DesMoines, Ia.f May 1. (Spe
cial Telegram.) Announcement was
made here by the Adams Theater
company that the Princess , Stock
company would be sent intact next
week to Omaha where they will en
ter a season of summer stock at the
Brandeis theater.
Auto Runs Presses
Rock River, Wyo., May 1. With
electric power cut off by the closing
of the light plant, Royal A. Young
got out today's editio nof the Rock
River Review by jacking up an auto
mobile and rigging up a belt over
the rear wheell to the cylinder press.
The edition was run off at a rate
pf 1,700 an hour,
- t
passes even the helpless sparrow,
sent Mrs. Rupright to her side, Mrs.
Grammcr-Henderson believes.
A sympathy letter brought the
two women together.
Wrote Sympathy Letter.
- 'T followed newspaper accounts of
the trial and my heart was won by
the young girl's faith," was the un
usual story Mrs. Rupright told. "I
wrote to her, expressing my sym
pathy. We corresponded, ana when
she told me she had no place to go,
I was afraid she would go on the
street in her desperation-. So I wrote
hef to come and live with me."
Mrs. Rupright's husband, Paul F.
Rupright, a chef at the Fontenelle,
shared his wife's views that human
kindness was a virtue to be exercised,
not talked about, she. said.
"The world is cruel to jibe at
Elizabeth's marriage," exclaimed
Mrs. Rupright indignantly.
"She was alone, helpless, broken
in health and spirits, Charles Hen
derson had known her for a long time.
He was good to her, pitied, her and
offered her the protection ol his
name and home. His family were
nice to her, too, and did not object.
So they were married."
-v Hoped to Keep Secret.
".Wehoped to keep it a secret, but
trouble-making relatives, determined
to hound her, we, believe, revealed
the secret of their marriage by
Judge J. M. Wheat in Papillion
February 6."
A bad cold developed irffo "flu,"
resultant ear trouble and an injury
to her hip, ustained in a fall when,
in her weakened condition, she tried
the stairs at the Rupright home
all this topping the nerve strain of
the past four years, conspired to
May Day "Revolt"
Is Husie Flivver
Police Reserves Held for Em
ergency Find Nothing to Do;
Parade Without Disorder.
Chicago Tribune-Omaha, Be Leaied Wire:
Chicago, May 1. Chicago's fore
casted My day ' revolution"; didn't
happen. V':.';.V:' . 1 ;
For the first time in several years
20,000 workers paraded Chicago,
streets in a celebration of ."interna
tional -labor day," but no disorder
Occurred,1 '
The police reports for the day
showed several thousand reserves on
duty, half a dozen arrests, some radi
cal -literature seized and one of two
red flags confiscated. There were no
instances of "red" maneuvers to over
throw the government, no .uprisings
as predicted by the communists it
was, in the words .of one police of
ficial "one of the quietest May days
in 20 years." ",
Perhaps the most striking demon
stration was that sponsored by the
socialist party of America. Ten
thousand adherents of the party met
at Roosevelt road and Blue Island
avenue and formed a parade whose
line of march extended to the Colise
um. There 10,000 more awaied them
the giant hall was packed to the
Peter' Zalenskis was arrested early
this morning for distributing sedi
tious -literature.
Gust Karnizke suffered a like fate.
Carl Schlke'.and John Bearin were
taken when a red flag was found dis
played in front of the "Hungarian
Dramatic club," a former Hungarian
church. The flag w-as confiscated.
'Asks Freedom of Reds.
- Mexico City, May 1. (By the
Associated Press.) Protests against
imprisonment of radicals in the
United States, Hungary, Spain and
Italy, and demands that the Mexican
government take action on certain
labor reforms were voiced during the
May day demonstration by the con
federation of laborers of Mexico. ;
The parade was disappointing in
point of numbers and was lacking in
enthusiasm, although several Ameri
can agitators attempted to harangue
the crowd with a tirade against i
American capitalism. In front of the
United States consulate a protest was
launched against "the undemocratic
policy pursued by the American gov
ernment, which contemplates not
only the oppression of labor within
its own limits, but wishes to embrace
the entire world within its jurisdic
tion." .
. This sentiment and similar ones
were accepted in silence by the
crowd, which then marthed to the
Spanish consulate and the national
palace, 'where there were more
speeches. . ,
Farm Work Being Pushed
. Rapidly Near Lodgepole
Lodgepole, .Neb., May 1. (Spe
cial.) Farm work is being pushed
rapidly in this section of the state
despite the fact that the weather has
been holding back the work. Much
rainfall and several heavy snows fell
here during the month of April.
George Kintz, who farms on a
large scale.' has corn planted and a
number of others will begin this,
week. ,
Fire Sweeps Dakota Village.
Grand Fork, N. D., May 1. Fire
swept the village of Thompson, N.
D., 10 miles south of Grand Forks
late Saturday night, burning a hard
ware shop, two pool halls, a barber
shop, a grocery store, a meat mar
ket and the postofiice. No estimate
pf the damage was available .
wreck her health completely, ac
cording to Mrs. Rupright, who has
nursed the girl like a daughter,
night and day for the past two
"She has been so ill she has not
stepped outside this house or been
down town since her marriage," said
Mrs. Rupright. "Sometimes she
threatens to make an end of it all."
Mrs. Rupright is trying to interest ;
the young woman in needlework and j
simple household tasks, to get her"!
mind off her haunting mental ills.
"I want to "take her to Sunday
school, too, as soon as she is able
to go out, for it was at church that
I received the inspiration to write
her the letter of sympathy through
which we met," said Mrs. Rupright.
Mrs. Grammer-Henderson was
only 15 when she was first married
It was a year later, when she v.'as
only 16, that her aged and wealthy
mother was found (ead at Falls
Her daughter, Elizabeth, then
Mrs. Grammer, was ill in the hos
pital at the time, knew nothing di
rectly of her young husband's ac
tions on the fateful night and be
lieved his protestations of inno
cence. Husband Is Hopeful.
' Her present husband, now travel
ing for a local automobile concern,
is, most kindly and patient and hope
ful that his wife will be able to
react from her present nervous con
dition. '
"We hope time will heal all that
she has suffered," said Mrs. Rup
right. Neighbors and club women friends
of the older woman, who has three
daughters of her own, as well as
the former Mrs. Grammer's relatives,
have voiced censure for Mrs. Rup
righf too, for taking the girl into
her home.
"I shall not heed them; my con
science is clear and my husband
stands by me in my desire to help
this girl back to health and normal
cy," said she.
As soon as the girl is able to trav
ed, Mr. Henderson will take his
wife away from Omaha, Mrs. Rup-
rignt saia. x
Lists of Draft
Eyaders Ready
For Public Soon
Copies Covering Sixth Army
' District to Be Sent County
And State Authorities
7 Last of Week
Chicago Tribuae-Omaha Bee Leaecd Wire.
Chicago, May 1. The first official
list of draft evaders in the Sixth
army corps; embracing Illinois,
Michigan and Wisconsin, 'was re
ceived Saturday by Col. E. M. Hel
mick, chief of staff at Fort Sheri
dan. With it the War department
sent instructions on how to round
up the 17,000 slackers in that terri
tory. - - . .
The list will not be' made public
for four or five days, Colonel Hel
mick said. It was sent to the mili
tary printing office, at Camp Grant,
where 200 copies will be struck off.
These lists will then be sent to thi
newspapers, postoffices, draft boards,
state adjutant general's office coun
ty sheriffs, United States marshals
and chiefs of police. , .'
A reward of $50 is offered for the
capture of each man named on the
list.and every citizen is authorized
to make an arrest, according to one
of the articles of war.
The first list contains about 15
names. Similar lists will be sent each
day. It is proposed to publish them
in installments so police, soldiers,
marshals and sheriffs will have am
ple time to investigate a certain num
ber per daj
The old guard house at Fort
Sheridan is being repaired for the
slackers. Other places to which they
will be taken are, Fort Brady, Sault
Ste. Marie, Fort Snelling, St. Paul,
Camp Grant. Jefferson barracks,
Chanute Field, Rantoul, 111.. Rock
Island arsenal. Fort Wayne, Detroit
and Camp Custer, Battle Creek. ,
Annual "Tin-Can Week"
Is Held at Lexington
Lexington, Neb.. May 1. (Spe
cial.) Fifth annual "Tin Can week,"
inaugurated by the Majestic theater
here, neted a pile of discarded metal
containers 80 feet . long by 10 feet
high. Four big hayracks were re
quired to haul the cans away.
"Tin Can jreek" is a scheme de
vised to rid the town of refuse and
to cause a general clean-up of alleys
and yards. Every string of 15 tin
cans carried to the Majestic theater
lot by a child entitled the bearer to
one admission to a movie show. Ex
tras, such as ice cream cones and
balloons, were added to the induce
ments this yezr. The Lexington
Women's club also offered six cash
prizes to the children bringing in the
largest number of cans. Winner of
the first prize gathered 136 strings
of cans.
The Weathei
Nebraska Fair Monday with ris
ing temperature. Tuesday unsettled
with showers in west portion; warm
er in southern portion.
Iowa Generally fair Monday;
warmer in west portion. Tuesday
fair; warmer in east and south por
tions. Hourly Temperatures.
i a. ni 41 I 1 p. m nl
i a. m i ... 48 ! p. n CO
a. m 4t I J r. m 46
Sam 41 I 4 p. m. 4
a. m. 47
10 a. m 4
It a. m 4
11 Boaa . il
p. in. .
p. m. ........44
7 p. m. 44
Revised Tax
Program Is
Secretary Mellon Says Sub'
stantial luts in current tx- ;
penditures of Nation
Are Imperative.
Urges Corporation Levy
Chicago Tribune-Omaha Bee Leaaed Wire.
Washington, May 1. Asserting
that the "nation cannot continue to
spend at this shocking ratej' Secre
tary of the Treasury Mellon, in a
letter to Chairman Fordney of the
house ways and means committee,
says the tax burden under which thr.
people are staggering can be reduced
only by "substantial cuts in' current
At the rate the government is ex
pending money the secretary does
not deem possible any material re
duction of taxes and he proposes a
revision program embodying not so
much a decrease, as a -redistribution
6f taxation.
Mr.' Mellon favors repeal of the
excess profits tax -and the substitu
tion of additional corporation taxes,
reduction of surtaxes and other re
adjustments of income taxes, reten
tion of the transportation and present
sales and excise taxes, but repeal of
the soft drink and other taxes' diffi
cult to collect and. an increase in
stamp taxes. A general sales tax he
is not prepared to recommend. .
-Would Restrict Securities.
The secretary also urges lestric
tion of the issuance of tax free se
curities, particularly by states and
municipalities. . He also wants a
provision to enable a taxpayer to
deduct the net losses of one vear
from the income pf succeeding years.
ma- ' a
nr. Menon says mat. mere wiu .
be a deficit June 30 of nearly $115,?
000,000. In the next fiscal year, the
government will expend about $1,
000,000,000 less than thi? year, but
will have a prospective deficit, of
$18,000,000. Disbursements this year
will total $5,602,000,000 including
$600,000,000 for debt retirement.
Next vear the disbursements will
be $4,500,000,000, including $500,000,
000 for debt retirement. Internal
taxes yielding $4,000,000,000 next
year and the year thereafter, com
pared with $4,550,000,000 this year,
the secretary regards as imperative.
The unexpected heavy current ex
penditures, Mr; Mellon ' says, have
upset calculations as to debt retire
ment and the government, cannot ex
pect to retire any o;, the oustand
ing $2,500,000,000 flowing debt in
the next; two years, out of current
revenues. , Nor can the ocuntry
"look to any plan for funding the
floating debt to reduce the burden
of internal taxes during the next two
years." .o
, To Reduce Short Time Debts.
"Through the operation of the
sinking fund and miscellaneous debt
retirements, the treasury expects to
reduce the short dated debts $1,000,
000,000 in the next two years and
the remaining $6,000,000,000 "will
have to be refunded."
Secretary Mellon hopes that the
house, having passed the emergency
tanti bill, will proceed to revise the
revenue laws and to that , end he
makes the following proposals
1. Repeal (he excess profits tax
and make good the loss of revenue
by means of a modified tax on cor
porate profits or a flat additional in
come tax upon corporations, and the
repeal of the existing $2,000 exemp
tion applicable -to corporations, to
yield, an aggregate revenue of be
tween $400,000,000 and $500,000,000.
The excess profits ' tax is complex
and difficult' of administration and
is losing its productivity. It is esti
mated that for the taxable year of
1921, it will yield about $450,000,000
as against $2,500,000,000 in profits
taxes for the taxable year of 1918.
$1,320,000,000 for the taxable year
1919, and $750,000,000 for the tax
able year 1920.
Replace Excess Tax.
In fairness to other taxpayers,
and in order to protect the revenues,
however, the excess profits tax must
be replaced, not merely repealed, and
should be replaced by some other
tax upon corporate profits. A flat .
additional tax on corporate incomes
rwould avoid determination of invest
ed capital, would be simple of ad
ministration and would be roughly
adjusted to ability to pay. It is es
timated that the combined yield to
accrue during the- taxable year 1921
from a tax of this character at the
rate of 5 per cent and the repeal ex
the $2,000 exemption would be about
$400,000,000. 1 -
ivtaujusi imwiiic ia. uics
to a maximum combined normal tax
and surtax of 40 per cent for the
taxable year 1921 and of about 33
per cent thereafter, with a view to
producing aggregate revenues sub
stantially equivalent to the estimated
receipts from the income tax under
existing law. ' This readjustment is
recommended not because it will re
lieve the rich, but because the high
er surtax rates have already passed
the collection point. The higherrates
constitute a bar to transactions in
volving turnovers of securities and
property, which, with lower surtax
rates, would be accomplished and
thus yield substantial new rerenue
to the government.
The total net income subject to
the higher rates is rapidly dwindling
and funds which would otherwise be
invested in productive enterprises are
being driven into fields which do not
yield taxable income. The total es
timated revenue from the surtaxes
under existing law is about $500,000,
000 for the taxable year 1921--Revisions
X Retain the miscellaneous soecifie
' sales taxes and excise taxes includ
j ir.g the transportation tax. the tobac
so taxes, the tax on admissions and
the capital stock tax, but repeal the
minor "nuisance" taxes, such as the
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