Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 28, 1921, Image 1

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    The Omaha
50 NO. 193.
f tirt m Lean. Clan Mattar May ?l,
0m P. 0. Uiialar Act at March
IMS. at
I. Ii7.
Br Mall (I war).' UilftUft Daily a4 gwiaiy. It: Dalit Only. M: Sunday, 14
OutiKa 4th (I w). Dally aid Suatay, lit; Dally Oily. II J; Suaday Oaly. ii
Will Head
Slate Federation Closes Ses
sions Here After Election of
Officcrs-t-Lincoln Next
Convention City.
Endorse Corn Meal Week
The 15th annual convention of the
Federation of Nebraska Retailers at
the Rome hotel, came to a close yes
terday afternoon with 'the aunual
meeting of the beared of directors
and the election oC officers for the
coming year. , , . i
&. F. Freadtich, 'Lincoln, was
elected president of the state associ
ation. A. L. Anderson, .Wahoo, re
tiring president, becomes a vice pres
ident. Other state officers, M. A.
Hosteller, Shelton, treasurer, and J.
Frank Barr, Lincoln, secretary, were
retained. -.
C H. Freadrich, Lincoln; Fred!
DcWeber, Arlington; l fenny,
Tultertou; F. A.: Miller, Beatrice; C.
'F. Frcas. Beaver : City; and W. C.
Elliott. Mason City, were elected
members of tiie board 01 directors.
Lincoln Next (Jonvention City.
Lincoln will be the next conven
tion city tor tiie lencration, it was
While there were few more than
W0 delegate, in a.tteudaucc, the con-
volition did not lack life and interest.
According , to the secretary the pro
gram has never been excelled in any
previous vcar.
Speakers of national prominence
addressed the various Associations at
I thcif sessions this year. G..A. Gar
( er, Strasburg, O., who owns a de
partment store. in a town of 936, ex
plained to the dry goods )and ready-to-wear
mcn'lww he conducted his
store to do an annual business of
nearly $1.000,000. ' . 1
Ohio Merchant Speaks.
Mr. Carver was the main speaker
i vesterday afternoon in the closing
" session of the federation. He told
- how he built up a business in nine
counties,, which attracts trade from
. cities of from 10,000 'to 100,000 popu
lation, through a continual intensive
advertising , campaign, and how he
retained his customer? through the
efficiency of his sales fofce. i
From a one-room country store
, the business Iu progressed - until
now there is a three-story building,
dividend into eight departments, each
department utiue'r the " management
of an expert., . . .. V.
l , P. Mann, .Devils Lake, i. P.,
owner of a totU in a town of 5,500,
.Ides' 'in iniitlat 'harness of $650,000.
- w ... - T...
ing and einnirjuion oi muiis.iuv.j
day and Wodrcsday r t'
' Lectures on Efficieticy.
Douglas White of the - Pacific
Coast' Retail' Furniture association
explained up-to-the-minute organiza
tion and efficiency to the furniture
men Tuesday and Wednesday, and
Paul Findley, Los Angeles, -of the
California Fruit Growers, lectured
on cost accounting and cutting down
overhead, expenses Tuesday.
A series of lectures throughout the
convention, before the various.
Tur to Tmt Thaae, Column One.)
President of State
Retailers Heads Big
. ! Grocery Business
When C. TT. Freadrich. Lincoln,
newly-elected president of the Fed
eration of Nebr.fska Retailers; start
ed in the grocery business in 190
liis working capital was $1j0. lo
dav he is wealthf and Freadrich
Brothers operate the biggest grocery
store in Lincoln. ' Last year his store
did a business of $300,(1)0.
"I started in business in modest
wav and tried to make my;caiital go
as "far as possible." he said. "I
worked early and late, advertised as
much as possible and above all, I
niadc a supreme effort to satisfy
yvcry customer who came into my
store. . , ,
"The business grew and pros
pered. I advertised more and put
more effort fttfo pleasing my cus
tomers. I instructed my clerks to
do the same thing. As my brothers
became old enough, took them in
with me. Now' 1 have a store that
any business man. might be proud of.
Hard work is the secret of success."
Mr. Freadrich has been a member
of the federation and retail grocers'
association for the past 10 years. He
has been a prime factor, in the activi
ties of both organizations. He also
.lakes part in the civic activities of
Exports of Cotton Lead
All Other Commodities
Washington, Jarr. 27. Cotton ex
ports las year exceeded those , of
any other commodity, according to
a review of foreign trade, made pub
lic by the department of commerce.
Shipments w ere valued at $1,136,408.
916. as compared with $1,137,371,252
the year before. '-',-
Exports of breadstuffs were
valued at $1,079,085,838 as against
$920,301,977 in 1919. Cottonseed oil
exports totalled $34,874,790. a de
crease from the 1919 total of $40,
890.268. Mineral oils were valued
at $549,348,840, -as compared with
0343,673,432 the year before and meat
and dairy products dropped from
$1,160,643,185 in 1919 to $544,074,
050 in 1920. . . -
Wne Cuts Rescinded
Chicago. Tan. 27. The Lmted
vMatcs railway labor board ordered
rescinded notices of wage reductions
on the Atlanta, Birmingham & At
lantic' railroad which were to have
1ecome effective February !. The
hoard stated that railroad companies
. must present positions before the
hoard for any reductions in em
ployes vagcs,
Harding at Palm Beach
Lcvamca many ivcucs
West Palm Beach, Fla.. Jan. 27.
Sidt-stcppintf many public and so
ciety functions proposed for him, at
this fashionable winter resort, Prcsi-
I flrtit-lrrt TlarMitttr ilividpd liis shnrt
visit here today between a private
luncheon and a game of golf.
For luncheon, the president-elect
accepted an invitation to be the
guest of a friend of Henry 1. Fletch
er of Pennsylvania, who is a mem
ber of the house boat party.
Leaving .here late in the afternoon
the' Victoria was expected to tie
up for the night' a short distance to
4he south and to proceed tomorrow
morning for Miami.
Witnesses for n
Defense Testify
In Kent Trial
Several Tell of Seeing
lor"' at Store at Time He
Was Saitl to Have Carried
Bundles Away. '
Testimony in the case of "Dr.
II. S. Kent, being tried i" District
Judge Troup's court on a charge of at
tempting to murder two newly-born
babes found in a well, will be fin
ished probably late this morning.
The case may be in the hands of
the jury by tonight.
A score of defense witnesses testi
fied yesterday afternoon to these
things as facts; .
First. That "Dr." Kent came from
the east on California street about
10:45 Friday evening, July 23. Half
a dozen boys who were sitting on
a bench in front of his candy shop
at that hour testified that he stopped
and talked to them. Jfrs. Beatrice
Sherwood and her husband, W. W.
Sherwood, 3611 California street, tes
tified that they drove past the cor
ner in their car and saw Kent there
with the boys, j Two switchmen on
their way to work said they saw
him there.
This is the hours when, a state wit
ness declared, Kent came out of the
Bocke home, 3041 Caliornia street,
carrying two packages and made his
way west in the direction of ,thc
w-cll where the two newly-born in
fants were found. ,
Threw Ashes in Well.
'Second. That Rex Whitehou?e.
grocer, behind whose store is the
abandoned well, told Guy S. Wil
liams, a newspaper reporter, that he
had thrown some ashes in the aban
doned well two or three hours before
the first baby was discovered. 'This
statement was advanced to prove
that the. first infant ;could not, have
been put in the well more thajV two
hours beiore it was found.
Third, That "Dr." Kent1 di-d not
leave his store between the time the
first child was found and the time
the second was taken from the well.
Thomas Cronin, who. has been ac
tive hi the defense of "Dr." Kent,
testified that Kent did not sleep at
the Bocke home for a year before
the infants were born.
' "Two men roomed there," he said.
"One was an interne at the Method
ist hospital and the other was a
dishwasher for the Union Pacific
Character Witnesses ; Testify. .
Numerous character witnesses, in
cluding Rabi N. M. Taxon, testi
fied that Kant's reputation is eood.
. The feature of the morning sesJ
atuii ui mi: iimi jcniLiud) wan
Kent's testimony. He was the first
witness called by the defense.
He denied any and all knowledge
of the birth of the twin babes and
of the- attempt to kill them.
He said he did not sleep at the
Boeke home for at least a year prior
to the birth of the twins. He said
he attended Louise Boeke while she
was'ill last July, but deniel that he
carried any packages away from the
Boeke home the night of July 23.
"I did not fro near the abandoned
well nor. had I andything to do with
putting the babes "in the well," he
He said two men roomed at the
Bocke home.
Violent Earth Tremor
Felt on Eastern Coast
Trenton. N. J.,, Jan. 27. A violent
earth shock was felt early last night
at Riverside and Riverton. where
many of the buildings were badlv
shaken. The shock lasted several
seconds and caused many of the
residents of that section. to flee from
their homes.
The power plant of thr public
service corporation at Riverside was
shaken and , employes were badly
frightened. . 'N
Philadelphia, Jan. 27. An earth
tremor or an explosion of great vi
olence was felt here at 6:45 o'clock.
Inquiries poured in to newspaper
offices from all directions. Several
hours of investigation failed to brjng
word of an explosion. 1
Ship Believed to Have
Been in Distress Is
N'ew York, Jan. 27. The Belgian
steamship Cannonier, believed yes
terday to be the ship from which
"S. O. S." distress calls were re-
"i ' " :TLZZl
Vi: UUUl JK t L VII iuiwi v
lightship. The captain denied send
ing out a distress message, ,
Captain Stops Ferry
To Save Pup From Ice
, New York. Jan, 27, A yelping
puppy on a cake of ice floating down
the Hudson river halted the Ft. Lee
ferry Edgewater in midstream while
a rescue was effected.
After Caot. James Brannigaii had
maneuvered his craft alongside the
cake, First Mate Gerard Barry de
scended a' ladder. The ladder broke,
Barry plunged into the stream and
appeared with the puppy.
Hauled aboard, Barry descended
into the engine room wMth his new
pet, which he named Icicle,
If n r
U --9
Mouse 7re
In Dilemma
Only One Appropriation Bill
In Conference Has Passed,
Due to Rule Allowing
Points of Order.
Important Items Are Out
tVakhhiKton t'orrNonlmt Omaha llfr,
Washington. Jan. -27. - (Special
.Telegram.) Republican leaders in
the house are beginning to worry
over the existing legislative silua- j
tion. Only one appropriation bill m r
conference, tiie
district of Columbia i
bill, which is usually the first of the
I motley bills to sro through, has been
passed. The Indian appropriation
1 bill has passed the house, together
Willi tnc postotnee appropriation uui,
bnt conditions surrounding these
measures are anything but reassur
ing to either Speaker Gillette or
Floor Leader Mondell.
The trouble, which is deep-seated,
goet back to t lie rule adopted at the
last session of congress enlarging
the appropriations committee to 43
members who have sole charge of
the money bills, and permitting
points of order to be made in the
house on all legislation added to the
various appropriation bills by th;
senate. .
These points of ofder vwould,
under legislative procedure, require
the house to pass on all controversial
questions with tile result that either
a deadlock would ensue or else one
or the other ofi the houses would
have to yield on many vital ques-
anccuns governmental pon-
C1CS. y
Important Items Go Out.
The fight against the Indian ap
propriation bill was inaugurated by
Chairman Snyder, of the Indian af
fairs committee, who had nothing to f
do with the preparation ot the bill
appropriating money for the care
and education o'f the, Indians. So
many points of order against ob
viously necessary legislation because
ot the rule ot procedure adopted by
the house at the last session in the
handling of the several supply bills,
ga-e latitude for such interposition,
and as a result many- important
items were out. .. " s.
The same is true of the postofiicc
bill, the appropriation' for the air
mail service going out on a point of
order and being restored in the sen
ate Committed' on postofliccs and
post roads. Under the house rule a
point of order will lie against the
senate amendment, which must go
fb&kJto the stibcomiftftte'e of the ap-
propriations committee, dtaling wfth
postolliccs and post roads, or con
sideration and after a report is made
the house can vote the item into the
bill or vote it out. instructing the
conferees accordingly. ' .
House Emphasizes Dilemma.
In passinur-the agricultural appro
priation bill today the house em-
(Turn to race Three, Column Seven.)
Methods Employed in
Conducting Red Raids
Scored by Attorney
Washington, Jan. 27. Methods of
Department of Justice. agents during
the radical raids of 1919, indicated
iu his opinion a "thorough scheme
of action," Jackson Ralston, an at
torney, told the senate judiciary
committee. Mr. Ralston was one of
the lawyers .who signed a report
charging the Department of Justice
with illegal practices in its conduct
of the raids. 1
Attorney General Palmer, Ralston
declared, was "played upon 'by the
bureau of investigation, which wa"s
trying to justify its existence by ad
vertising a radical outbreak that
never took place."
In reply to Senator Sterling, re
publican, South Dakota, whether in
his opinion sufficient apprehension
of a radical uprising had existed to
justify extreme action, Ralston said:
"The public had been trained by the
Department of Justice, through the
bureau of . investigation, to believe
that there was s?reat danger. The
rdvertie'd uprisingings on specific
date. f.iildH time after time to ma
terialize." 1
Former German1 impress
Still Is Critically 111
Dooni. Jan. 27. 'Former Empress
Victoria or" Germany continues criti
cally ill from heart disease. Yester
day she was considerably weaker. ;
The duke of Brunswick" again has
been called to the bedside of the
Augusta Victoria only recently
was informed that her son. Joachim,
had committed suicide. During a
period of consciousness the former
empress is said to have turned to
her husband and remarked:
"T hava followed' you as long as
possible, even in exile. Xow I am
no longer able to do so. I. must
leave you alone. Joachim is call
ing me."
Best Loved Woman in Slale
Of Colorado Passes Away
Denvcrr' Jan. 27. Mi1. Frances
McEwen Belford, heralded as "the
best loved woman in Colorado," and
who first suggested the idea of the
Lincoln Highway, died here today,
aged 81. She was the widow of the
late James B. Belford, former justice
of the Colorado supreme court and
first congressman from Colorado.
Man Is Fined for Removing
Cancellation From Stamps!
Springfield. III.. Jail 27. Charles
R Homan of Quiiicy, charged with
removing cancellation marks from
government postage stamps by a
cnemical process, pleaded guilty in
tiie federal court here yesterday and
was lined ?40U and cosU
laUc" Magazine
tor Manhandled
i Wilkesbat re, Pa., Jan. 27.
i ''Butch" McDevitf, famous a few
I years back for his "millionaire for
i a day" trip to New York, got some
I thing that he did not relish - last
! McDcvitt has been ptiblisking a
newspaper called the nam ialk
here and il was plain talk in more
than name. McDcvitt printed a lot
of spicy stories about people and a
lot of others advertised heavily for
no apparent reason.
Last night eight men, said to have
been led by two bankers', invaded
McDcvitt's office. Jn addition to
wrecking the office they wrecked
McDcvitt and made such a good
job of it that he is suffering seri
ous injuries.
! T T) 1
j JL)amalIl 110W
Given Woman on
Trial for Murder
Tenant in Denton Home Tells
Of Making Visit to Cellar
Where Body Was
Los Angeles. Cal., Jan. 27. Curi
osity prompted him to disregard the
alleged advice of Mrs. Louise L.
Fccte and to make a partial investi
gation of the cellar of the residence
of Jacob Charles Denton. . Thomas
rr. Malloy of BakersfickY Cal., testi
fied today when recalled to the stand
in the trial of Mrs, Peete for the al
leged murder of the mining pro
moter. Malloy stated he had rented the
Denton residence from Mrs. Feete
at $300 a month rental. Mrs. Peete
ha(1 to hi him. he testified, 'that he
. , , T V r V
La3i.iiii. ii l, anu uau auvnLU 111111 iu
keep the door leading to it locked.
There -were two locks on the door,
he said. " -
Visited Cellar Once.
Nevertheless, he testified, he went
into the cellar on one. occasion and
moved boxes away from the crypt
where. Denton's body later was dis
covered. He. started to open the
crypt, iie said, but abandoned the
plan when he saw it was securely
boarded and nailed up. i
The rental contract and a receipt
for $300, representing payment of the
j first month's rent, were offered in
evidence and identified by Miller.
S. Hayata, a gardener, who testi
fied yesterday that he had seen Wil
liam Ilcitzman, landscape gardener,
carry earth into the -Denton base
meut, repeated his testimony, refut
ing, the prosecution declared, the as
sertion' of the defense that Ilcitz
man had impeached in his testimony
that he had carried the soil into the
bascmcy at Mrs. Peek's request. -
numoer is witness.
James M. .Crowhurst, a plumber,
testified he had been summoned by
Mrs. Peete to make certain repairs
to a heater and that his work took
him into the basement.
Mrs. Peete said the heatci "made
a .noise like a graveyard groan,"
Crowhurst testified.
She asked him if it would be nec
essary for him to break open the
crypt in order to repair the heater,
he continued. He said he told her
it would not.
"She paid me from a roll of bills
two inches in dianjeter," Crowhurst
said. He said he saw a small pile
of fresh earth near the crypt.
Cleats said to have been taken from
the crypt were offered in evidence.
People of Southern
Republics Friendly to
America, Colby Says
Washington, Jan. 27. Once again
at his desk after, two rnonths' travel
ing, Secretary of State Colby told
of the impressions gained in Brazil,
Uruguay aud Argentina.
"Without Exception," he said, "I
found the republics evincing the
utmost friendliness for the United
States, as well as a profound under
standing of j the situation , with re
spect to the rest of the world.
The sccretarysaid the outstanding
feature of .ill his receptions was the
"enthusiasm for, and understanding
of, President Wilson" who, he add
ed, was perhaps "better appreciated
in Latin-America than in the United
States." .
Mr. Colby said he found Soua
Americans were well informed on
questions now uppermost in the
United States, including tariff, revi
sion. Protective Legislation
For Forests Recommended
Washington, Jan. 27. Forest in
ventory and census of timber re
quirements were urged by R. S. Kel
logg of New York, representing the
American Paper and. Pulp associa
tion, before the house committee
considering the Snell bill for a state
and federal co-operative forest pol
icy. Charles L. Pack, president of the
American Forestry association, said
protective legislation was urgently
needed as "producing states have
gone bone dry -as to forests."
Boy Charged With Murder
Released on $10,000 Bond
Knox, Ind.. Jan. 27. Cecil Bttr
kett. 11, son of Mark Burkett. is at
liberty on $10,000 bond furnished by
the father, following the boy's in
dictment on a charge of first degree
murder, growing out of the shooting
of Bennie Slavin, 7, son of Harry
Slavin. ,
Manager of Five European
Branches for Ford Ouils
Detroit, Mich.. Ian. 27. W. C.
Anderson of Detroit, tor two years
manager of the five European
branches of the' Ford Motor com
pany, resigned todajT he announced
last night. He refused to cite his
reasons. He has been with the
company for 16 year t"
We Thought Leap Year
i k
Kidnapers Ask
Ransom for life
Of Coast Woman
Threats of Death Unless Scv
. , .
eral luousand Dollars Are
Forthcoming to Gain Re
lease " Received.
Los Angeles, Jan. 27. Despite
the efforts of police and private de
tectives engaged since early last eve
ning in attempting to solve the
mysterious disappearance- and pos
sible abduction of Mrs. Gladys Julia
Witherell, young and beautiful wife
of O. S. Witherell, a real estate loan
broker from her home at 184.5
Whitley avenue, no clue as to her
whereabouts or the identity of her
alleged abductor hav.e been obtained.
It is said the husband has received
communications from the alleged
kidnapers demanding several thou
sand dollars and threatening to kill
Mrs. Witherell unless the money was
paid. It was said, also, an appeal
had been received indirectly from
her. begging for help.
The communication' from the al
leged kidnapers was said to contain
a threat against Mrs. Witherell's life
should the demand for ransom and
its alternative of death to the woman
be made nublic.
Mrs. Witherell, according to the
story told, by Miss Elizabeth War
den, a neighbor, was-lured from her
Hollywood home by a mysterious
"gray-haired man," who made her
believe that her mother-in-law, Mrs.
A. J. Witherell, had been fatally
hurt in a traffic accident on'Holly
wood boulevafd. ,
Mr. Witlferell, husband of the
missing woman, expressed the opin
ion that his wife had been kidnaped
by his enemies, who sought revenge
against him.
The authorities are proceeding on
a theory that Mrs. Witherell was
abducted and possibly slain for re
venge. They declare that they have
definitely established the fact that the
kidnaper was a young man disguised
with a false mustache and a gray
wig. Police Captain Moflitt asserted
that he was fearful hat the woman
was made away with. His theory
may connect the slayers of Mrs. Fay
Sudow, who was found murdered in i
a eucalyptus grove at Edendale
weeks ago, with the present case. A
description of the automobile used
by the kidnapers was sent broadcast.
Cloture Rule Petition Is
' ' Circulated for Tariff Act
Washington, Jan. 27 A petition
to invoke cloture was circulated to
day by. Senator Penrose of Pennsyl
vania, in charge of the emergency
tariff bill, although republican lead
ers said no attempt to choke off de
bate would be made unless fili
bustering was demonstrated beyond
ail question.
senator Penrose soon secured,
however, more than the required 16
senators' signatures to the petition
in requesting that the standing clo
ture rule be invoked. It would limit
each senator to one hour's time.
Rail Directors Resign
New York, Jan. 27. Resignations
of J. P. Morgan. Louis Cass Led
yardr and Pdyne Whitman as direc
tors of the Northern Pacific railroad
were presented at a meeting of the
board of directors. FYank L. Polk,
former tinder secretary of state; E.
M. Willis, and A. II. Gilara were
elected to fill the vacancies.
Hotel Company
Receiver Named
By Lincoln Judge
Gross Mismanagement of
Three Nebraska Corpora
, lions Given as Reason
For Failure.
Lincoln, Jan. 27. (Special.)
Judge W. M. Morning in the Lan
caster district court announced the
appointment of W. E.. Barkley,
prominent Lincoln financier, as re
ceiver for the Nebraska Building and
Investment . company, Nebraska
Hotel company and Lincoln Securi
ties company. His bond was fixed
at $50,000 by the court. -
The Nebraska ' Jiotel ' company
owns the Fontenelle in Omaha, the
Lincoln in Lincoln -and a string of
pretentious hotels out in the state.
Previous to appointing a receiver,
Judge Morning gave attorneys for
the companies and for complaining
stockholders an opportunity to get
together and agree upon a manager,
but no agreement could be reached.
The court then announced Mr. Bark
ley's appointment as receiver.
Judge Morning scored F. E.
Schaaf, president of both companies.
He, pointed out that the tegtimony
showed that Mr. Schaaf was draw
ing out his salary payments on the
very eve of a- receivership.
The court estimated from the evi
dence that the Nebraska Building &
Investment company had made a
profit of : $500XK)0 on transfers of
property to the Nebraska, Hotel
company. These paper profits have
stood as actual profits on the books
of the company, he said. Misman
agement was everywhere evidenced,
he said, and he was inclined to pro
tect the stockholders by the appoint
ment of a receiver.
Suspect in Daylight Mail
Truck. Holdup Is Arrested
Chicago, Jan. 27. James Schuup
is held by the police today on sus
picion of being the leader of four
men waiited for holding up postal
employes and stealing 12 mail bags
of valuable registered and regular
mail they were unloading from i
truck at the Union station lanuarv 8.
This capture followed a spectacular
escape last Friday night, when he
eluded trie police after a running gun
battle over roofs 'and down fire es
capes. Two pistols and 36 cartridges were
taken from Schuup's pockets, the po
lice say. ... .
t i
Episcopal Diocese Scores
Sunday Blue Law Agitation
Milwaukee. Jan. 27. Rt. Rev. W.
W. Webb, bishop of the Episcopal
church in the Milwaukee diocese,
was instructed by a vote of the dio
cesan council to issue a pastoral let
ter setting forth the church's stand
on the Sunday blue law agitation. ,'
The action followed discussion
over a resolution ''opposing all leg
islation tending to force people into
church and condemning all Sunday
blue law agitation."
Swiss Socialists Refuse
To Join Internationale
Berne, Switzerland, Jan. 27. Ad
hesion to the third (Moscow) iiiter
natiouale lias been rejected by the
Swiss socialists.
A majority of 16,800 against the
proposition was polled.
Was Over
Drier Dry Laws
Are Provided in
Senate Measure
. - .- .. (
Prohihits Possession of "Ma
terials" and Formulas Or
ders Immediate. Trial ,
' . Of Appeals.
Lincoln, Jan. 27. -(Special.)
Although theortically the famous
Nebraska bone dry law of several
years ago might be repealed in the
light of national prohibition, the
Nebraska Anti-Saloon league has
had introduced into the Nebraska
senate amendments to the old law
which impose a score, or more of
added restrictions.
The bill, S. F. 185, wis introduced
hy Senator Randall of Cedar, as a
measure backed by the law enforce
ment element of the state.
The bill provides that the presence
of anyone near private stills shall be
prima facie evidence of possession.
. Rules are prescribed prohibiting
the poses'session of "materials,"
which under a possible construction
might include rice, raisins, prunes
or .corn, and prohibiting the posses
sion of "formulas and recipes,"
which are subject to seizure.,
Advertising of formulas for sale is
also prohibited.
All lJquors and stills must be de
stroyed in the presence of a judge,
but enough of the beverage may be
phialed up for evidence purposes on
The new measure orders that pro
hibitory cases appealed from the
police or justice courts be "tried
forthwith" in the district court. It
has been charged that prosecutors
are tempted to forget to carry up
such appeals.
The law gives state officials a
check on United States -permits is
sued and forbids pool ha.lls .yid soft
drink parlors from selling "medicinal
South Dakota Legislature
Starts State Prison Probe
Sioux Falls, S. D., Jan. 27. Inves
tigation of conditions at the South
Dakota penitentiary was begun by
a legislative committee here today.
Representative John T. Black,
chairman of the committee, said:
"We will make a thorough exam
ination of conditions at the peniten
tiary. We have heard many rumors
concerning conditions at the institu-J
tion, but they are only rumors." 1
New York Villages Shaken
By Earthquake Tremors
Glen Falls. N. Y.. Jan. 27. Vil
lages in this section were shaken for
the third time in less than two weeks
by what was believed to have been
an earthquake. 'Large cracks ap
peared in the ground at several
places. ' ' ' . '
Jhe Weather
Forecast .
Fair and warmer Friday.
Hourly Temperatures.
. m ? I 1 n. m
. . .?
. ..3J
ft a. m.
7 a. m.
It a. in.
a. m.
10 a. m.
11 a. m.
It noon
- P.
S .
. ...i.l
4 p.
m. .
K p. m, . .
Prrtrt aliipntents during- th net H to
as hours from tmDrturs an follows:
North anil t, '25 dfgrtj; toulh, SO d
ftee; west, SO drf aeta.
Budget Is
Estimate of State Expenses for
1921.22 Totals $3,718,687
lore Than Co6t for Lal
, 2 Years.
Would Boost Taxation
Lincoln, Jan. 27. (Special.)
The first budget of state expendi
tures ever prepared for guidance of
Nebraska lawmakers was pre
sented to a joint session of .the
legislature today by Gov. S. K. Mc
Kelvie, The budget was prepared by th
governor under authority of the new
constitution. The legislature may
reduce any item, but may not in
crease any specification unless by a
two-thirds vote.
The governor's estimate of ex
pense for the biennium, 1921-1922, is
$26,845,206. ' ,
This is an increase of $3,618,687
over the total expenditures of the
last two years.
Anticipates New Laws.
The increase in state taxation,
should the budget he accepted as
it stands, is considerably greater.
The governor has anticipated the
passage of laws by-, the present
legislature, transferring from the
state to the county the expenditure
of automobile license receipts and
other similar revenues for road im
provement. On this account he has
reduced the estimated state revenues
from other than tax sources by
The funds required by taxation,
under the- governor's budget, ate
$21,368,419. an increase of $5,679,1 19
over the $15,689,299 item which was
expended in 1919-1920.
Of this increase $1,663,000 is more
apparent than real. It represents
funds raised for the new state capi
tol during the last twox years, but
not yet spent. The actual proposed
increase in ' tax-raised revenue is,
therefore, approximately $4,000,000.
Oil the basis of a $765,000,000 valu
ation, the governor estimates that a
tax assessment of 12.1 mills will be
required to raise this amount, instead
of the 10.39 mill levy of last year.
This. will increase taxes only 17
cents per $100 valuation, he says.
Suggest Taxation Changes.
At the same time that Governor.
McKelvie presented his budget of
200 pages, he read a message to the
lecislature of 5.000 words, in which
he suggested taxation reforms as a
means of . raising the money re-
miffctpi) uMtlmtit- inftirtma a liardshin
on the people, "Amongi the xhanges
advocated is the imposing cif an in
heritance tax provided for in the.
new constitution, tightening down in
licensing out-of-state corporations
uvi a ling, til iwi. cioiv o
tion of mortgages.
The governor r.lso gives Phil
Bross. secretary of finance, credit for
compiling the lengthyi document.
(Turn U Pr Two, Column One.)
House Kills Proposal
To Name United States
Ambassador to Russia
Washington, Jan. 27. The house
voted down a proposal to pave the
way for appointment of an ambassa
dor to Russia and struck out of the
diplomatic appropriation bill a pro
vision for raising the American lega
tion at Peking to an embassy.
Then finding its feet entangled in
diplomatic problems, it quit with an
agreement to continue consideration
After brief debate the house re
jected an amendment by Representa
tive Mason, republican, Illinois,, to
set aside $17,500 as the. salary of an
ambassador so that Mr. Harding, as
president, might be prepared to es
tablish diplomatic relations with
Russia, should conditions so develop
as to make such a course desirable.
Mr. Mason declared that his own in
formation from unprejudiced sources
indicated that the bolshevists had
done more for the people than ever
was done before.-
Wilson to Act on Proposal
To Free Eugene V. Debs
Washington, Jan. 27. Recom
mendations by the Department of
Justice for the pardon for Eugene
V. Debs probably, will be submitted
to President Wilson within the next
few dars. Precidpnt Wilson ha;
said, however, that he would not
pardon Debs, as he believed such
action might lower the morale ot
the people in the event of another
Partner of Pastor-Bandit
Held for Part in Robbery
Mt. Vernon. 111. Jan. 27. Loren
Williamson, business partner in a
garage business with Ouy Kyle, for
mer preacher, who has confessed
complicity in the $216,000 mail theft
here January 14, was arrested short
ly betore noon in connection with the
robbery. Williamson has denied
participation in it.
320,000,000 Bushels Wheat
In United States January 1
Washington, D. C, , Jan., 27.
Wheat stocks on hand in the United
States January 1, 1921. totaled 320,
000,000 bushels, according to an es
timate made public by the Depart
ment of Agriculture. This figure
compared with 417,000,000 bushels on
hand a year ago.
House Committee to Take
Up Packing Bill Saturday
Washington, Jan. 27. The house
agricultural committee voted to take
up Saturday the senate bill for regu
lation of the meat industry and keep
at it until disposed of,