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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1920)
?he Omaha Daily B
VOL. 50 NO. 1G8.
Eatwttf 5f0lfCIll Mltttr May 31, I MM. at
Oman r. 0, UnW Act ( Marah 3, 1179.
OMAHA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1920.
Bv Mall (I rear). Inside 4th lot Daily and Biindaj. t; Dally Only, : Sunday, $4
Ouliumth Zen (I yiar). Dally and iundaj, l; Dally Only, 112; Sunday Only. 11
nyu uooK tor
r ranee is
Good Crops and Progress in
Reconstructing Devastated j
- Districts Cau-ie a Feel- I
ing of Optimum. '
Big Problems to Meet
By The A In led l're. j
Paris. Dec. -.'.-'!e the French
people have their worries, yet they
will begin the new year immensely
more confident thai, they began
1920 because of extraordinarily good
crops, progress in restoring the ruin
ed departments of the north, a plenti
ful supply of coal and the prospect,
a year hence, of having the period
of military service reduced from
three years to 18 months.
Two foreign questions are likely
to give constant concern to the gov
ernment throughout the coming year.
Thejr are the payment of reparations
hy (jermany, and the war with Turk
ish nationalists over the Syrian
and Cilician mandates. Then also,
there are the lafrge ceneral questions
the future of the V ersailles peace
eaty, the league bf 'nations and the
any issues growing out of the
peace conference, in all of which
France has a very deep concern in
what the coming vear may bring
forth. ,, ,
The German attitude at the. Brus
sels conference, which will be re
sumed Jariuary 10, gives rise to the
expectation that an -.agreement, on
reparations is possible early in the
spring, fixing the total sum and the
manner of payment.
Discuss Turkish Mandates.
France!s Turkish mandates will be
discussed by the French, British
and Italian prime ministers ' 9 a
part of the whole Near East ques
tion at a meeting early in January.
France now has about 7,000 troops
in Turkey. .
The advance France lias made in
.'reconstruction, the wheat- crop
which reduces buying abroad by
2,000,000,000 francs, and the: contin
ued confidence of French investors,
as shown by the unprecedented suc
cess of the last loan, are considered
es justifying- a greater optimism con
cerning the financial and economic
situation than, is held at present. '
. The struggle over, the high cost of
living receives a large share of pub
lic attention. Resistance of mer
chants and manufacturers to Con
sumers' demands for lower prices
has .resulted in something .' like a
deadlock.. The buyers abstain from
making purchases because they feel
that war priccs.sboulcHid' longer be j
V.ed. 1 he merchants, naoituatea
to large profits, refuse to reduce
them. Consequently, prices remain
high and buyers are scarce.
' Unemployment Increasing
The new "year opens with unem
ployment increasing daily. It ( has
been , causing much concern since
October and now has .reached a
volume which officials agree calls for
immediate effective measures. Three
hundred thousand workers now are
idle in France, nearly 100,000 of
whom ' are in Paris, according to
figure announced by the minister
,o( public works.
' The metal industries, the leather
trade, manufacture , of textiles and
clothing and automobiles were the
first to suffer. Recently the silk in
dustry became affected and there are
8,000 workers idle at Lyons alone,
vtvhile the perfumery . distilleries
around Paris are working three days
Some of the large department
stores in Paris have asked for ex
Former Head of Bond
Firm Held on Charge
- Of False Statements
'-Tortlau-i, Ore., Dec, 29. Fred, S.
Morris,,; former head of Morris
Brothers, Inc.. a bond house, wa3
arrested on a federal warrant techni
cally charging he aided "John L.
Etheridge, also a former president of
Morris Brothers, Inc., in obtaining
naturalization papers when Ether-
dge was not entitled to them.
LHfaie warrant, according to the
l;mted States attorney, was based
in the allegation that Morris, while
aiding in Etheridge's naturalization
proceedings, concealed knowledge
that Etheridge had served terms in
Tew Jersey state prison. . Etheridge
etfme to this country from England
in 1903. ' He is now under arrest at
; Minneapolis on a charge of larceny
by bailee. 1 ' -
Marshall Field III Takes '
"Up Banking as Life Business
Chteago, Dec. 29. Marshall
Field 111. announced today that he
had decided' to take up investment
- banking as his life business and had
.' formed a partnership with a Chicago
investment banking firm. Mr. Fielif,
who'' was the principal hc,ir to the
estate of his grandfather, Marshall
Field. which, made him one of the
" wealthiest men in the world, also
; will continue his association with
the vaiious New York and Chicago
interests left by his grandfather. .
" Marriage of Constance
" ' j Talmadge Is Announced
. ' Ne,w York, Dec 29. The marriage
.of Constance Talmads". motion pic
.." ' ture actress, to. John Pialogle, New
York City tobacco merchant,' was
announced here tonight. The cere
mony took place at Greenwich,
Conn, last Sunday. i'i ,the presence
of the bride's" mother and two sis
ters, Norma and Natalie .
Basinger Leaves Capital.
Washington. De(S 29. fSoecial
V.r av T r .. ,. : -
y senger irarnc manager oi inc union
Pacificwho has' been in Washing
ton for several Jdays on a visit to his
r mother, left today for New York,
All Together! Let's Go!
The old year is ending.
The New Year is almost here.
..' What are YOU doing to make the New Year happy
and prosperous, for yourself and your fellow men?
There is talk of a business depression, of "hard
times." Prices of most of the things which people
need in order to live are being lowered, day by day,
week by week. But what of that? For eight years
the country has been aghast at the spectre of the high
cost of living. Now the cost of living is coming down.
The coming down process hurts some of us.' Some busi
ness men have sacrificed possible profits, some have
suffered actual losses. Some workingmen and work
ingwomen have suffered acut in wages or even the loss
of their jobs. '.:
But the fundamental evil of extravagant living and
exorbitant cost of living is removing itself. Basically
the country is sound. Its' burdens are as nothing com
pared with those of the old world. It is returning to
normal conditions more certainly and more quickly
than any of UVallies .or enemies in the late war. It is
getting back to the old fays of peace and prosperity,
prosperity not merely for the merchants and the farm
ers and the manufacturers, but prosperity, too; for the
man who works with his hands. . "
Now is the time for yoU to do YOUR part.
If youare an employer of labor, dont trim your
payroll clear into the quick. If you can kep a man on "
the job, keep him there. If you can employ another,
employ him. It may mean a decent living for him; it
means a market for your product. Men out of work
cannot be good customers of yours. .
If you are a buyer of merchandise, don't put off!
forever buying th'e things which you need and wfcich
you can buy now. There are real bargains in the stores
today for the housewife; there are real bargains in the
factories and the warehouses for the merchant. It will
avail good to no one to await a slightly greater, drop
in prices which may never come if in the meantime
the whole business structure is forced to a crash. Idle
factories and clqsed shops cannot provide work for
anyone. Nor can stores be kept open or factories oper
ated without patronage. v
Nineteen-twenty-one is almost here. It CAN be
a great year, a year not merely .of promise but of ful
fillment. , Making it so depends "on co-operation by all
of us by YOU arid YOU and YOU.
All together ! . Let's go !
To Tighten Up on
Announces Plans for Stricter
'. Enforcement ( of "Dry-'
Laws for Next Year.
By Tlie Associated Prrs.
Washington, Dec 29. flans for
reducing the number of federal per
mits ,for handling liquor in the next
12 months were announced today by
Prohibition Commissioner Kramer,
who said the new issue of licenses
would be held to a strict minimum
in an effort to check illegal liquor
sales. , '
The greatest reduction will be m
wholesale permits, but other dealers
entitled to operate under the Vol
stead act also will be considerably
affected. The commissioner said it
was his intention to refuse to reis
use "between 50 and 75 per cent" of
the wholesale licenses now in effect.
The enforcement staff has been
engaged for several months in study
ing the records of the 77,000 odd
permit holders, to ascertain who
have committed overt acts under the
prohibition statutes with the view
if eliminating them from the list of
those who may handle intoxicants
next year. 1
' Many to Be Refused.
The bureau has been' aided in this
task, Mr. Kramer said, by the failure
of many to apply for new permits,
This is especially true of the whole
saler's, he added. The number who
desire renewals of retail licenses,
however, has not decreased marked
Iv. according to the commissioner,
although hundreds of them will be
refused because of their records dur
ing the first year of operation of the
Atlantic seaboard areas apparently
have provided the prohibition en
forcement agents with their greatest
problems and it is expected that
those districts will lose the largest
number of liquor dealers under the
plan. Mr. Kramer said the illegal
traffic in liquor had been particularly
menacing in the cities from Boston
to the Potomac river, and, he indi
cated that the housecleaning would
be thorough in communities of that
Trouble at Border Points.
Great Lakes cities and border
points, both Canadian and Mexican,
also have given trouble for the en
forcement corps, according to the
bureau's records, and Mr. Kramer
said he planned to see that fewer per
mits would be granted in those re
The prohibition bureau was said to
be giving some attention, also, to
the sale of liquor by retail druggists.
Although enforcement agents have
examined records, of druggists in
some communities' and for the most
part have found' little reason to re
voke or cancel permits, it was indi
cated that in the futrre the druggists
who stray from the regulations pre
scribed for retail sale will find them
selves unable to handle distilled
spirits of any sort. Scrutiny of this
class- of dealers is expected to be
conducted more closely the next
Ohio Cavalry Is Chosen
As Escort for Harding
Washington, Dec 29. Troop A,
First Ohio cavalry, Capt. Ralph Per
kins of Cleveland commanding, has
been designated to act as President
elect Harding's personal escort - in
the inaugural parade. E. B. McLean,
chairman of the inaugural committee,
was informed of the selection by Sen
Troop A is the same organization,
although with a changed personnel,
that acted as personal escort to Pres
ident McKinlcj- at hij iaSIiliSSi
Man and Wife See
Yeggs Blow Safe
In Waterloo Store
Cracksmen Leisurely Perform
"Job' and Motor Toward
Omaha Take $6, Over
Waterloo, Neb., Dec. 29. (Spe
cial) Yeggs leisurely blew the safe
in'' the j. C. Moore merchandise
store here at 2 a. m. today, over
looked $560 in cash, and with iut
$6 in small change to pay them for
their risk and trouble, drove off in
a touring car in the direction of
There were Jour men in the
party, according to Mr. and Mrs.
L. B. Gilbert, who live above the
post office and saw the men drive
up, dismount and walk to the Moore
store, leading one man at the wheel
of the car.
Gilbert, who is manager tf the
Waterloo elevator, tried to raise an
alarm, but was unsuccessful, and in
a short time heard an explosion, saw
the three men return leisurely to
their car, place their tools in the
tonneau, and drive off for Omaha.
This is the sixth time the Moore
store has been robbed in the past
few years. . Mr. Moore has been
careful with money and last, night,
when closing the place, folded $500
in bills neatly in a steel account
book which he placed in the safe.
A currency bag with $00 in it he
left under a piece of paper besidt
the cash register. Small change of
$6 was left in the register. .
The yeggs were experts if their
job on the safe can be taken as an
indication. The safe was ' torn
asunder and nothing was burned. .
Airplane Honeymoon ,
Delayed Pending Word
From Bride's Parents
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 29. A big
airplane stood tuned up and in readi
ness at Hampton field near Nashville;
to carry two young . aviators on a
honeymoon trip to California.
One of the aviators, E. E. Under
bill of Brunswick, N. H., with his
bride of a day, formerly Miss Marie
Therese Chambers, a trained nurse
of Palm Beach, Fla., was ready and
anxious to board the plane for the
trip three-quarters of the way across
the continent, but his flying partner,
J. A. MacMulkin, had mft with last
minute difficulties. His fiancee,' also
a nurse, was refused permission to
leave the hospital to which she is at
tached until the consent of her par
ents in Des( Moines, la., could be
Prospects of the two aviators
'Shopping off" today vanished as
night came on without the awaited
consent from Des Moines.
New Orleans Authorities
Launch Anti-Hobo Drive
New Orleans, Dec. 29. Police of
this city have launched an antihobo
campaign fearing that activities
against the crime wave by the au
thorities m the north might start a
pilgrimage of undesirable winter
tourists this way. The jail wa9
crowded with wayfarers accepting
this enforced hospitality.
Russians Ordered Out
Of Republic of Georgia
Couslaiitlnoiile, D':. 29. The gov
ernment of Georgia has issued an
order that all Russians who arrived
in the republic since March, 1920,
must leave the country, according to
a dispatch received hece from Tit'lis.
Developments recently have indicat
ed strained relations bstVvcen Russia
Eiume Connnr yncil
Is Dictate, yCoup
Ibtf - . ,J Before
By The Associated Prtw.
Fiume, Dec. 29. Gabriele d'An
nuuzio early today surrendered all
his powers to the Fiume communal
General Caviglia, commander of
the regular Italian forces, will ar
range the conditions of peace with
a delegation of the council toda&
Seizure of the port of Fiume in
September, 1919, by Gabrielle
d'Anntinzio, Italian poet-warrior, at
the head of 8,000 volunteer
grenadiers and arditi, was the dra
matic climax . to a controversy
reaching back to the treaty of Lon
don, concluded in the spring of 1915
between Itaiy and the allied powers,
under which Italy entered the war
against the central powers.
Opposed to Treaty Terms.
The treaty assigned the part of
Trol south of the Brenner Pass, as
well as Trieste, Gorizia, Istria and a
section of the Dalmatian litteral to
Italy, but gave Fiume, the seaport
of Hungary, to Croatia.
. When the war ended, Italian na
tionalists, including d'Annunzio, de
manded that Fiume, with its pre
ponderant Italian population, should
be given to Italy, an act that would
have required tn revision of the
treaty of London. The Italians,
however, invoked the principle of
"self-determination" enunciated by
President Wilson and pointed to the
fact that the population of Fiume,
upon the dissolution of the Austro
Hungarian empire, had proclaimed
through their national council, the
union of Fiume with Italy.
Backed by Italian public opinion.
the Italian delegation to the Paris
peace conference, headed by Premier
Orlando and foreign Miniser Son-
nino, refused to yield Italy's claims.
in April, 1919, the crisis came to a
head when President Wilson threat
ened to withdraw from the confer
ence. He issued a public statement
sustaining the pact of London
insofar as it related to Fiume.
Caused 111 Feeling.
Receipts of the document in Italy
precipitated numerous anti-Wilson
outbreaks in which d'Annunzio took
a leading part. Meanwhile, Orlando
and Sonnino quit the Paris confer
ence and returned to Rome. . where
they were received with wila acclaim
by the people. The Italian Chamber
of Deputies adopted a vote of confi
dence in the Orlando ministry. Later,
however, the two statesmen returned
to Paris at the invitation of their
colleagues and participated in the
negotiations and the signing of the
Austrian peace treaty. 7
Failure to reach a satisfactory so
lution of the Fiume embroglio, how
ever, was one of the principal causes
of the downfall of the Orlando min
istry on June 19, 1919, and it was
succeeded by the moderate Nitti
cabinet, whose selection exasperated
the Italian nationalists and was the
forerunner of the d'Annunzio coup
d'etat the following September. '
Held by Italian Army. '
Fiume, at the time of the entry of
the d'Annunzio forces, was under
the military control of General
- (Tarn to Tate Two, Column One.)
Third Man of Frisco
Gang Is Convicted on
Charges of Assault
" . ' , ' " ; .
San Francisco, Dec. 20. James
Carey, member of a San Francisco
criminal gang, was convicted in the
superior court here today on a
charge of attacking Miss Jessie
Montgomery of Reno, Ney., being
the third member of the gang to be
convicted in connection with Ihis at
tack. The jury was out 12 minutes.
Carey drove the automobile in
which, on the night of November
24, Miss Montgomery, her compan
ion, Miss Jean Stanley, formerly of
Portland, Ore., and a group of men
were taken from a cafe to a house
in the mission district, where the
attack took place. Both girls tes
tified that they were struck down
by the gangsters and subjected to
indignities. ' .
The activities of the gang here
led up to the killing in Santa Rosa,
near here, of three peace officers
who were rounding up the gangsters
and the lynching of their accused
murderers. - ' --.
Candidate for Academy. -
Washington,' Dec. 29, (Special
Telegram.) The War department
has announced that Charles F. Cul
ter, Iowa City, has been named as a
candidate for the military academy
entrance examination to be held in
March. , . . , 'vt
Self -Styled King of
Heaven Arrested as ?
Denver, Dec. 29. Joshua Sykri,
self-styled king of heaven and eSith
and leader of the sect of the House
of 'David, was arrested here thisaft
ernoon on a charge of operating a
The warrant on which Sykes was
arrested charges that he defrauded
Ernest Lampott, a former member
of his flock, out of $150 by prophesy
ing the end of the world. Lamport
was persuaded, the information, al
leges, that he would have no further
use for his worldly goods and he
gave his last dollar to Sykes.
The information also mentions the
name of Anna S. Spijchiger, who, it
is alleged, was fleeced out of $1,000
in California a year ago by the sarri.e
Readjustment Agonies After
yT f "' P,NFruL' NOT
SmjV'j ' SERIOUS vTAKEWUR 'AWMC
iwftv MEDICINE, STICK To 'PS WW'.
-lOflWv touie "Diet and you'll IWlK W0
IRV I J ) SETTER .AFTER. YiZyMWWA
At Southern Polls
Exciting Scenes Enacted at
Hearing Before House Cen
sus Committee Witnesses
, And Members Clash,! -
Washington, Dec. 29. Charges by
representatives of the Association for
the Advancement of Colored People
that negroes are unlawfully prevented
from voting in the south led to some
what exciting scenes at the hearing
by the house census committee on
the congressional reapportionment
Southern members of the commit
tee took issue with the witnesses
fend one of them, Representative
Bee, democrat, of Texas, declared
he was "tired" of states being "fti
sulted" on the strength of hearsay
evidence. Chairman Siegcl finally
told one spectator who insistec on
getting into the discussion, that if
he did not sit down he would have
to leave the room.
Declaring there was nothing in the
laws of the southern states discrim
inating against negro voters, rep
resentatives from those states sug
gested that the spokesmen of the as
sociation take their complaints of al
leged dicriminations against the
negroes to the courts rather than to
Walter F. White, assistant secre
tary of the association, presented
w hat he said were affidavits from 941
negroes in Jacksonville, Fla., who
alleged they were deprived of the
right to vote m the November elec
tions. 1 1 .
-William Pickens, a r.egro. of New
York, field secretary of the associa
tion, also testified.
"Do you know anything about
the negro women crowding around
the polls in Missouri op election day
and keeping the white women from
voting?' asked' Representative Mul
ligan, democrat, Missouri.
-The witness replied that he did
not. ; '
Representative Larcen, democrat,
Louisiana, said 1,365 negroes were
registered in his home town.
Cardinal Urges Fund
For Starving Irish
Boston, Dec. 29. A fund in aid of
starving Irish men and women was
authorized by Cardinal O'Conncll
in response to the appeal by
Bisliop Mac Rrr of Down and Con
nor who cabled that the coming
winter threatens thousand of his
people with starvation: that 10,000
Belfast workers are out of employ
ment and that the government's cus
tomary allowance "has for some re?.
sqn so worked up to the present that
these Catholic victimized workers
are excluded from benefits."-
The bishop adde'd:
"Fully .50,000 Catholics are now on
Ihcr verge of starvation in my dio
cese." Admiral Nihlack Ordered
To Command in Europe
Washington, Dec. 29. Rear Ad
miral A. P. Niblack has been order
ed to assume command of the Amer
ican naval forces in European wa
ters, succeeding Vice Admiral H.
McL Huse, it was announced at the
Navy department. Rear Admiral Ni
black will take the rank of vice ad
miral, and will fly his flag on the
cruiser Pittsburgh. He has recent
ly been naval attache at London and
during the war commanded Ameri
can Jorce9 basedt on Gibraltar. He
was later chief of naval .intelligence
at ths Hivy, dej?artmen
tCoprrfr hi : 190 : br TU CMoaco Tribuiu . J
Mark: W. Woods of
Lincoln Is Honored
Central Trust Co. of Chicago
Names Him On Board of
Chicago, 111., Dec. 29. (Special.)
Mairk W. Woods', - president of
Woods 'Bros.' companies of -Lincoln,
Neb.; h.34, been . elected a director of
the CentraT Trust company of Chi
cago, one --of the principal financial
institutions of this chv.
Charles G. Dawes.Tormf.r'y of Ne
braska, is president of the company.
Mr. Woods' election is in hue, with
the company's policy of drawing into
its organization men of wide experi
ence and knowledge of business af
fairs of western states.
For 20 years Mark Woods and his
brothers, Gedrge and Frank, have
been prominent factors in Nebraska
business affairs. They have built up
a Kroup of investment companies
with millions of .assets' and M con
tact with thousands of pecple. Mark
Woods has been known as a, man of
unusual energy," judgment and fore
sight. . , .. .'
Tlase of Judge Charge! .
With Murder Given to Jury
Cleveland. O.; Dec. 29. The fate
of William H. McGannon, chief jus
tice of the -municipal ; court, was
placed in the hands (of.the jury at'
6:11 o'clock tonight.
Judge McGannon went on trial De
cember 14 charged with second de
gree murder of Harold C. Kagy,
Bitter charges of lying and per
jured testimony against witnesses for
both sides marked the closing argu
ments. Wage Cut) Announced.
Willima'ntic, Conn., Dec. 2'). No
tices w-erc posted ?n the local mills
of the American Thread company,
announcing a reduction in wages of
22;i per cent, effective next Mon
day. The cut will affect 8,000 per
sons employed in the company's
mills at Fall River and ifjolyoke,
Mass.; Westerly. R. I., and Wil!i
mantic and Glasgo. Conn.
Senator Chamherlain- Bettor.
Washington, Dee. 29. The condi
tion of Senator Chamberlain of Ore
gon, -who underwent an operation
iicrc last week, was reported to be
improved tonight, following an un
expected rise in the senator's tem
perature, which necessitated post
ponement of 'second operation yes-
the Big Spree
Is Discussed at
New York Dinner
Plans Made to Urge Immedi
ate Passage of Working
men's Compensation 'Act j
By Congress.. .
New York, Dec. 29. Industrial
conditions in the United ' States and
the need of labor laws for the pro
tection of workers were discussed by
speakers at the dinner of the Ameri
can Association of Labor legislation,
which opened its 14th annual meet
Rev. John A. Ryan, professor of
industrial ethics of the Catholic
University ' of America; Rabbi
Stephen S. Wise of the Free Syna
gogue New York City, and Whit
ing Williams, formerly vice presi
dent of the Hydraulic Pressed Steel
company, were among the speakers.
Plans to urge immediate passage
by congress of a bill extending the
workmen's compensation act to pro
vide accident insurance to long
shoremen and sailors, were dis
cussed this afternoon. Officers of
longshoremen's and seamen's unions
spoke. r "M -i .
Speaking i ; "State Intervention
Versus Industrial Relations," Rev.
Mr. Ryan declared the "trade unions
must fight' as hard as they know
how against the attempt to destroy
them and all friends of justice must
redouble their efforts to improve
conditions of employment by legis
lation." , The "one means" which, he said,
will suffice for this purpose is a "con
siderable measure of individual
ownership by the workers of the
tools of production through co
Lose Membership in
Ottawa, Ont, Dec. 29. The char
ter of the Canadian Brotherhood of
Railway Engineers has been re
voked, Tom Moore, president of the
Canadian Trades Labor congress,
announced. The-, union comprises
more than 12,000 railroad workers,
the majority of whom are employed
on. the Canadian National railways.
Mr. Moore said the charter had
been revoked because the brother
hood's activities had conflicted with
those of the International' Brother
hood of Railway and Steamship
Clerks, Freight (Handlers, Express
and Station Employes.i the only or
ganization which will, in the future,
he recognizee! by the Trades an;i
Thursday partly cloudy, not much
change in temperature. '
ft a. n rSl
a. in. :io
1 a. m ."I
1 i. in.
2 p. in.
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4 n. m.
8 a. m.
II a, m
SI i 5 . in.
10 a. ni a I 8 d. m.
1,1 a. ni 87 7 p.. m.
1 noon ....... .89 I 8 pj m.
HI. jl'w i HI. 1,'w
.4S IS f.os Angelra. ..TA
.3 zii'Mittiphl 'S4 SO
10' New Vi'rk....3i
13 St. Loiil 2S
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Jacksmvllln. tSS SIoux City
Kaim:i City.. 40 r,:;vicn(lna
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Protect h!pmiiUM lurlnn the tu'xi 21 to
151 Uour inmi teniuraiurew a tuHou:
Xorth. ent a ml w at, ii degree, south,
- ' I
Statr Department Officials
Say Process of Evolution by
'"Peaceful Penetration" I
Stable Government Near
By ARTHUR SEARS KENNING.
I'l.irago Xrlhuim-Omaha lie Lranail Wire.
Washington, Dec. 29. Disap
pointed in the hope that Lenine and
Trotsky would be overthrown by
force, the Wilson administration, it
was learned today, is now pinning its
faith to the destruction of the soviet
government of Russia through the
"peaceful penetration" of the con
State department officials, in dis
cussing the Russian situation, as-,
scrted that this process of evolution
already is discernible. Their informa
tion is that the leaders of the soviet
republic are beginning to discard
bolshevik theories and that the tend
ency is in the direction of forming au ;
The bourgeoisie, it is said, are more
numerous than ever in Russia now '
and arc gradually regaining control,
while state management of industry
has fizzled out and communism gen
erally is dying of inanition. It is not
expected that there will be a coup
d'etat in Moscow; rather, that ele
ments other than the communist will
coalesce with the existing changing
government, further modifying it,
until in the course of one or two
years, but possibly earlier, and due
largely to economic factors, a stable,
representative government will
The bolshevik leaders themselves,
it is shown by the department's in- '.
telligence, are becoming more and
more conservative, by the granting
of concessions to foreigners, a new
policy being vigorously pursued by
the Moscow government, being a.
flagrant violation of all the bolshevist
principles. This is taken as proof
of the conviction that has come to
the autocrats of Moscow, that com
munist principles already have failed
and of their determination, even by
resorting to pure autocracy to main
tain themselves in power in Russia.
Officials here declare that Russia
would be self-supporting if so organ
ized as to be able; to use the com-,
riodities she produces; but the com
munications are in a desperate con
dition and , the peasants refuse to
yield up their products for worthless
paper money. . t-
An authority welMnformed con
cerning the ' internal situation of
Russia said today: -
"How serious the internal indus
trial conditions of Russia, and how
real the need is for Moscow to en
list foregn capital and foregn organ
ization can be gathered from the
propaganda now being carried
throughout the world for the rc
sumption of trade with Russia.
"The effort meets everywhere, how
ever, with the stumbling block of
the Russian communistic propagan
da calculated to bring about the re
sumption of trade with Russia by
j" Negotations Difficult.
"Tne" bolsheviki commissary at
London, is finding his negotiations
with the British authorities very dif
ficult on this account Downing
street demands explicitly a discon
tinuance of bolsheviki and commu
nistic propaganda in all parts of the
British - empii as an indispensable
condition to the official resumption
of trade with Moscow. The czarist
government debt is, of course,
another difficulty. From the internal
point of view the question of prop
aganda is harder for Krassin to
answer than that of what portion of
the czarist debts -would tie assumed
by the soviet government.
"Most dependable' observer- of
the soviet negotiation at Londoi:
are of the opinion t that the entire
Russia trade treaty project Way fall
through after all. and similarly in
formed neople , think that perhaps
private oil contracts and private con
cessions may eventually prove to be
the sum total of Krassin's indefatig
able efforts. '
Clothing Workers Axe '
Charged With Attempt
I To Organize Combine
Boston. Dec. 29. Charges that
representatives of the clothing manu
facturers in New'ork City had ap
proached Sidney Hillman, president
of the Amalgamated Clothing Work
ers of 'America, a few months ago
with a proposal for combinations in
that industry similar to those dis
closed in the building trades inquiry
in New York, were made by Hill
man ii; addressing 2,500 members of
the organization. V v
Mr. liillman said the proposal
called for "friendly strikes and lock
outs,"' which would force a clothing
shortage and make it possible for
the manufacturers to "bleed the pub-
lie to the limit." :
"We rejected their plans," he said,
"and later, when manufacturers in
Chicago. Baltimore and Rochester
refused, to join them, the plans fell
through." ; .
Belgian Cabinet Announces
. Rights in German Property
Paris, Dec. 29. The Belgian cab
inet yesterday tentatively decided to
renounce Belgium's right under the
Versailles treaty, to confiscate Ger
Ttian property in Belgium, accofd
ing to a Temps dispatch from Brus
sels. The report stated that this de
cision was taken under paragraph
18, annex 2, part 8 of the treaty. It
pointed out that final decision "will
be reached only at the next cabinet
meeting and that no public an
nouncement will be made until the.
t enunciation has been tormotly au
proved, '" '
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