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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1920)
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VOL. 60 NO. 165.
mln u $won4-Cltn Mlt.r May 31, 1906. at
Umiha r. 0. UMr Act ( Mirth 3, 1179.
OMAHA, MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1920.
By Mall (I yr). Imldt 4th Xiw Ortiy Surnli!-. t Only, tt: utDtt. $4
fluttift 41k (oh (I War). Daily Md Suatfty. DM, 0l . 513. Only. U
' THREE CENTS
Man Serving in Nebraska
Prison for Complicity in
Murder Spends Time in
Hopes for Vindication
Lincoln. Neb., Dec. 26. Four
years in prison have not lud a de
pressing effect upon the life of R.- G.
Lukins, 34, serving life for complic
ity in a double murder at Sunol.
Neb. Always hopeful that he would
be vindicated and paroled, Lukins ou
entering the penitentiary sat out to
fit himself for a. business career. Ie
'has completed j correspondence
courses in modern business, adver
tising and expert letter writing, and
has hopes of soon being released
that he may demonstrate his ability.
In a limited way Lukins' ability
has been tested and has not been
found wanting. Prison welfare work
ers have made it possible for him to
write advertising and business let
ters durinor his soare time at the
prison. He is writing newspaper and
mfside advertising copy for sev
eral Lincoln business houses. Ad
vertising experts say his work is ex
ceptionally good. Several of bis ad
vertisements have been copyrighted.
Positions Awaiting Him.
If Lukini is released, ; he has at
least two executive positions wait
ing for him. A local furniture store
has promised him $200 a month to
take charge of its advertising, and
an insurance company of Kansas has
offered him $200 a month and com
missions to come to Hutchinson to
write advertising and take charge of
its sales force., i
Lukins is not only a' writer of un
usual ability but is an artist and art
photographer as well. He draws all
his own sketches for his advertising
"layouts." His art work is not that
of an amateur. Engravers have writ
ten Lfukins complimenting, him on
hh technical judgement in the execu
tion of his drawings To the adver
tising reading public. Lukins' art
work' is as good as the best appear
ing, in daily newspapers and street
Prisoner's Story Unusual.
Lukins story ?is unusual. , G. E.
McFadden, a prison welfare worker,
is authority for the statement that
Lukins' forefathers were among the
best known early settlers of Penn
sylvania. A monument was recently
erected at Germantown, Pa., in
honor of the original 13 families to
settle that famous old town. Lukins
is a descendant of one of these fam-
. . ilies. His parents are now living in
On leaving school at the age of
19, Lukins, who says he completed
one year in cbllege, decided to go to
sea for bis health. He planned first
to make but -two trips to Cuba and
then settle flown in business with
relatives The sea so attracted him
that he did not give it up until he
had completed two trips around the
world. When he did settle down it
(Torn to Face Two. Column Two.)
Applications for Development
Of More Than Twelve Mil
lion Horsepower Filed.
Washington, Dec. , 26. Applica
tions for permits looking towaiM , de
velopment of more than 12,000,000
horsepower, sufficient to supply 20
cities the size of Chicago, had been
filed under the federal waterpower
act with the federal power commis
sion up to December 18, the commis
Completion of the contemplated
plans, the commission estimates, will
advance waterpower development fey
more than 40 per cent and will in
volve an investment of $1,200,000,000.
The projects range from a small
10-horsepower plant for a colony of
summer cottages in Wyoming, to
the storage of the waters of the
er Colorado and its tributaries
ic'a nuge reservoir ana me aevciop-
. - ? . j j it. j
ment of more than 3,000,000 horse
power by the utilization of the water
m the drop of 2,600 feet.
Twenty-seven states in addition to
Alaska and the District of Columbia
are reported in the 129 applications.
California leads in the number of
permits with 35, New York is
second with 13, Washington third
with 12. Alaska and Montana are
represented with 10 permits each,
while from Idaho there were 7 and
from Arizona 6.
Diaz Is Contemplating
Revolution in Mexico
Mexico City., Dec. 26. Felix
Diaz, onetime revolutionary leader,
who. after his capture in the state
of Vera Cruz, was deported to Cuba,
has arrived in Guatemala ami is said
to be contemplating aggression
against the Mexican government, ac
cording to reports last night.
Candido Aguilar, son-in-law of the
ta President Carranza. is known
UV 1 " U.l-..1.. 4 1. VVI1IH.V11VII
with Aguilar's movements, the war
office here has several times an
nounced they were watching him.
Program to Be Given for
Children of Elk Members
A program to which all Elk lodge
members are invited to bring their
children will be given in the lodge
hall of the Elks' building Saturday
night, January 1.
Mr. Francis will appear in a
character impersonating dance from
the "Wizard of Osi' and Miss Nor
ma Mach will portray the "Patch
work Girl" ffom the 'same p'-vr Pu
pils of Mrs. Keep, dancing ii - a,tior
will present four aesthetic daaces.
Many Firms Ask
Turkey Gobbler Paid PenaltXe al of
Of Harding's ;Boyhoodjgj Tax
"Fib" ToM by President-Elect
Rests Heavily on His Conscience Flat Stone Proves
Too Big Temptation for Lad on Christmas Morn
ing Nearly Half Century Ago. " ,
Chlrtfo Trlbtme-Omaha Dm Lmtcd Wire
. Marion, O., Dec. 26. The first
president couldn't tell a lie the man
who wilj be the 29th president not
only could but did. That was 45
years ago, but it still rests heavily
upon his conscience. Perhaps, if
it was only about a cherry tree, the
truth would have been easy, but when
it was about the prize gander of his
grandfather's flock, and when the
most lordly turkey gobbler in three
counties was made. the innocent vic
tim and wheu Grandfather Dicker
son was known as an inflexible be
liever in the stern method of raising
children, the truth would have been
Ever ' since Dr. George Tryon
Harding had married into the Dick
erson family, it was the custom for
both families to gather for "Christ
mas dinner at Grandfather Dicker
son's farm a few miles from Bloom
ing Grove. But before the packages
dangling from the tree could be
opened the Dickerson cows had to be
brought in from the pasture. To a
10-year-old grandson this was an ag
gravation and young. Warren Gama
liel left unwillingly for the cow pas'
Flat Stone His Undoing.
A flock of geese was strutting in
the banyard. In the cowpath lav
a flat stone of the "sailer" variety
that a dexterous arm could send sail
ing over the water for scores of feet
There was no water, but there were
the noisy, boasting geese, "with no
other motive than to silence the silly
creatures, young Warren cast the
"sailer" idly in their direction. The
"sailer" struck grandfather's prize
gander just above the neck. - He gave
one squawk, circled the. flock and
For "Open Shop"
Relations of Employers and
Workers Seriously Affected
By So-Called "American
Plan, "Statement Says.
New York, Dec. , 26. The open
shop campaign in American industry
was criticized as an effort to destroy
the organized labor movement in a
statement issued bv the commission
of the church and social service of
ihfi, Fe4fral.CflunciLot.tlie Churches
of Christ in America. This counoit
is composed of representatives of 31
protestant denominations having a
membership of about 19,500,000. The
statement follows: '
"The relations between emplbycrs
and workers throughout the, United
States are seriously affecteif at this
moment by a campaign which is be
ing conducted for the !op?n shop'
policy the so-called 'American
plan' of employment These terms
are now being frequently used to
designate establishments that are de
finitely anti-union. Obviousi, a
shop' but a 'closed shop' closed
shop but a 'closed shop' closed
against member's of labor unions.
"We feel impelled to call'ptblic
attention to the fact that a very
widespread impression exists that
the present 'open shop campaign is
inspired in many quarters by this
antagonism to union labor. Many
disinterested persons arej convinced
that an attempt Is being made to des
trop the organized labor movement.
Any such attempt must be viewed
with apprehension by fair-minded
- "When, for example, an applicant
for work is compelled to sign a con
tract pledging himself against affili
ation with a union, or when a union
man is refused employment or dis
charged, merely on the ground- of
union membership, the employer is
using coercive methods .and is vio
lating the fundamental pnciple of an
open shop. Such action is unfair and
inimical to economic freedom and to
the interest of society as is corre
sponding coercion exercised by labor
bodies in behalf of the closed shop.
"It seems incumbent upon Christ
ian employers to scrutinize carefully
any movement, however plausible,
which is likely to result in denying to
the workers such affiliation as will
in their judgment best safeguard
their interests and promote their wel
fare, and to precipitate disastrous
industrial conflicts ,at a time when
the county needs good will and co
operation between employers and em
War Orphans Entertained
By Senator McCormick
Berlin, Dec. 26. United States
Senator Medill McCormick enter
tained severat hundred war orphans
at an old-fashioned Christmas dinner
and presented the children with
candy, toys and warm clothing. The
entertainment was arranged by the
Quakers, whom Senator McCormick
asked to gather together as many
of the children as possible and per
mit him to show them a good time.
Man Outdoes Famous
h New York, Dec. 26. The widely
famed futuristic composition Nude
Descending a Staircase" was out
classed in Brooklyn yesterday. Fred
crick Boettling didn't even bother
with the staircase. He stepped on a
cake of soap upon emerging from
his bath, skidded across the room,
and out through a secopd story win
dow to the sidewalk. Although he
is 61, Mr. Boettling lives to tell the
atory, the surgeons at St. Lukes
hospital finding nothing more serious
than lacerated shoulders as a result
of his slide,
45 Years Ago Still
then flopped dead, his feet in the air.
Young Warren remembered that he
had a previous engagement and ran
to the pasture. Returning behind
the cows, he found the whole Hard
ing and Dickerson families surround
ing grandfather and the dead gander.
In. accordance with pYudent farm
custom the feathers already had been
plucked. Grandfather Dickerson was
. , , , it
not saying mucn, dui ne was loomng
at a turkey gobbler that, thinking he
was being admired, had spread his
tail . feathers. Only Grandfather
Dickerson wasn't admiring the bird
and his fingers twitched.
Man of His Word. '
"I hate to do it," he said at last,
rolling up his sleeves, "but I always
said if that turkey touched 'another
one of my geese, I'd wring his neck,
and I'm a man of my word."
It is not known just how much
stock young Warren Gamaliel put in
the story of the cherry tree- Neith
er is - it known how much Father
Washington believed in the stern
method of raising children. As for
Grandfather Dickerson, his creed al
ready had been put into' practice
more than ence. ,
Young Warren (Gamaliel tried to
compromise he's been more suc
cessful at ' this method since. He
pleaded for the life of the turkey
gobbler.. Without casting suspicion
elsewhere, he intimated that the tur
key was hinocent, but the turkey
gobbler died, not by the axe, but
with his, neck twisted between firm
fingers. Christmas season that year
was spoiled for Warren. During ths
days that followed he assisted in the
digestion of both gander and gob
bler, but his heart was not in his
work. . '
Prices Increase From $3 to
$500 an .Acre Farms F,or
k merly Barren Now Pro
duce Valuable Crops.
Lincoln, Dec, 26. (Special.) Ir
rigation in Scotts Bluff and Moril!
counties has increased the value of
land 10,000 per" cent, according to
a late report of R. H. Willis, chief
of the bureau of irrigation to. the
Stafci department of public work.
Land that formerly was a drug on
the market at $2 to $5 an acre is
now valued at $200 to 500 per acre. .
Before the irrigation system was
constructed, there was little produc
tion in the district. Mr. Willis says
the land "produced only a little
grass, which if cut would not amount
to more than five tons to the quar
ter section." The same land now
produces 12 to 60 tons of sugar
beets to the acre; two to fourtons
of alfalfa; 300 to 500 bushels of
potatoes, and 60 to 80 bushels of
oats -to the acre. Mr. "Willis says
the land equals that of any in the
state in production. ,
V 50,000 Acres Cultivated.
, There are 65,000 acres in the in
state canal district. Of this num
ber 63,000 acres are irrigable and ap
proximately 50.000 acres are under
a high state of, cultivation.
The irrigation system is valued
at $2,500,000, and is maintained and
operated by the levying of special
tax assessments. For operation and
maintenance, there is a 100-mill levy
and an additional 40-mill levy for in
terest and construction bonds. These
levies are made on the assessed
value of the land, which runs from
$20 to 60 an acre. -
The irrigation tax is paid to the
county treasurers along with' the
state and county tapes. Landowners
cannot pay their state and county
taxes without paying their irriga
tion tax at the same time.
The district is controlled by . a
board- of directors, elected by the
landowners. This board, consist
ing of three members, meet annu
ally with the state board of equaliza
tion and equalizes the assessments
for operating and maintaining the
canal lateral and building drainage
Sugar Beets On Increase.
The increased production of sugar
beets in the district prompted the
erection of three large sugar facto
ries in the district They are located
at Mitchell. Scotts Bluff and Ba
yard. Two other factories are to
he built during the coming year at
Minatare, and are expected to "be
completed for the 1921 crop. '
The historv of the district dates
back to 1887, when a few settlers
who formerly lived in the irrigated
section of Colorado, moved to west-
cm Nebraska and organized a small
conipany to irrigate the land from
the waters of the North Platte river.
Since then there has been a number
of organizations, but the control of
the. district has always remained
with the landowners. Early work
on the project was done by the farm
Girls Cause Arrest of '
Man Accused of Flirting
J. S. Sweedlin. 840 South Nine
teenth, street, was arrested on com
plaint of Hazel and Francis Dickin
son, 520 South Thirteenth street, who
told police Sweedlin tried to flirt with
them at Sixteenth and Leavenworth
streets. Sweedlin is charged with
drunkenness and is held for investi
gation. Dies While Praying.
Clinton, la. Dec. 26. When the
congregation at midnight mass in St
Irenaeus church arose to leave,
William Ciirran, an aged parish
ioner, was found dead, still btcU
iiig as if iu prayer,
Rejection of Sales Revenues
And Increased Burden on
Net Earnings of Corpora
No Refunding Act Likely
By ARTHUR SEARS HENRING.
CiilruRo Tribune-Omaha lit Leased Wire
Washington, Dec. 26 Sentiment in
the ways and means committee of
the house following the hearings of
the last fortnight indicates the fol
lowing line of action on tax revision
in the next congress: ,
1. Repeal of the excess ' profits'
2. Rejection of a sales tax because
of its unpopularity with consumers.
3. Increase in present 10 per cent
tax on corporation net earnings and
a moderate, possibley graduated, tax
on undistributed earnings.
4. No increase in normal tax on
individual incomes, but a reduction
of surtaxes on large incomes and in
crease in the amount of income ex
empted frpm taxation. ,
5. New exise- taxes and increase
in the tax on such articiles as to
bacco No Refunding Operations.
There will be no refunding op
erations during the coming year.
Congress will make evident its deter
mination that the burden of the war
debt shall be passed, along to fu
ture generations and that the float
ing debt shall not be retired from
the proceeds of taxation as rapidly
as contemplated by the Treasury
department, simply by keeping the
revenue down to so low a point
that no funds will be available for
this purpose. v : .
Extensive refunding operations
will be undertaken in 1923, when
the Victory notes mature, the re
publican program being to extend
the payment of the war debt over
a period of from 40 to 60 years in
stead of paying it up in 25 years as
contemplated by the secretary of
the Treasury department.
The belief that the substitute for
the excess profits tax will be a
flat tax on net earnings of corpora
tions, plus a moderate tax on undis
tributed earnings is gaining strength
among a number gi influential mem
bers of the committee. .
Two Taxes Likely. .
It has been estimated by the
Treasury department that a 16 per
cen' flat tax - on ne: earnings of
corporations would produce as much
revenue as the present normal tax
of 10 per cent plus the present ex
cess profit tax. ,
In orders however, that the un
distributed earnings may not escape,'
taxation entirely, the probable out
come is that there will be both a
flat tax and a tax on undistributed
earnings. The present 10 per cent
normal tax on corporation earnings
probably will be increased, possibly
to as much as 15 per cent and a
moderate tax on undistributed earn
ings added. A tax of 20per cent on
undistributed earnings has been
- There is not the slightest chance
of any increase in the normal tax on
incomes of individuals, apparently.
Action of this sort would not be re
lished by the general public and the
political effect would be injurious
to the republican party. There is con
siderable sentiment for an increase
in the present exemptions of $1,000
for single persons and $2,000 for
these who are married. v.
The present surtaxes on large in
comes have been generally criticiked.
It is probable that the entire cale
of surtaxes will be revised. If this
is done there may be increases in
the lower brackets of j the surtax
Three Asphyxiated by
Gas From Soft C
St. Paul, Dec. 26. Three persons
were asphyxiated by coal gas injheir
homes here shortly after they' had
finished' their Christmas, dinner.
Their bodies were discovered by a
relative who had come to extend
Christmas greetings. The dead were:
Mr. and Mrs. ,W. A. Highbergen,
each 66 years old, and Miss Oette
Armstrong, 68, sister of Mrs. High
bergen. The condition of the din
ing room table indicated that they
had just comoleted dinner when over
come by gas.
She Admits Samuel Is Good Tailor,
But Refuses to Be Bird in Gilded Cage
Chicago, Dec. 26. Mrs. Gertrude
Rossner stod at the corner of Madir
son and Wells streets and aoorisea
the world that she positively would
not be a bird in a gilded cage for
! "I admit Sammy's a classy tailor,"
she said to all and sundry who cared
to listen, "but mjr feeling for him
is merely friendship. I told htm I
could sever love him. He can take
back his gold, for gold will never
Mr. Markin, of whom more anon,
chauffeured a large cast-iron goose
in the sartorial establishment of
Samuel Shatz, and Mrs. Rossner was
employed their as a cutter.
Thafwas just before Mr. Markin
fell into a mart-hole, while pursuing
Mrs. Rossner. "See that shrimp?"
she demanded, seizing Traffic Police
man Murphy by an arm. "That's
Sammy Markin. I want him pinched.
He won't take 'no for an answer.
He hounds me day and night
"Listen, officer, expostulated Mr.
Markin, waving his arms wildly, "I
love that woman oh, how I Jove that
woman I bought her a wrist
watth for Christmas and would have
bought her a diamond ring."
"I'm throuirli with .von." shrilled
First Clash on
Tariff Bill Due r
, In Senate Today
Republicans ' Plan Effort to
Refer Measure to Finance
v Committees Prospects of
Denjo Opposition. '
Washington. Dec. 26. Congress
will, reassemble tomorrow., after, a
brief week-end, but the holiday spirit
promises to prevail with little "im
oortant business planned until' the
new year. Many members will. not
return until next week, and .by un
written agreement, several hearings
and .other affairs will go over. ,
The opening clash in the setfate on
the. emergency tariff bill, which
passed the house last week, is . ex
pected tomorrow. Blocked by the
democrats last week; republicans
plan another effort, to, refer the meas
ure to the finance committee. Notices
accompanied Christmas greetings to
all republican senators from Senator
Curtis of Kansas, republican whip,
urging a solid republican phalanx to
morrow to vote the tariff measure
into committee.' . ' ,
Prospects are that there will be
a much more solid democratic line
up against tariff legislation in the
senate than in the house, and repub
lican leaders accordingly plan .' to
forego final hearings before the com
mittee and hasten action in other
ways. The majority leaders concede
privately that interminable debate in
the senate is in prospect.
Secretary Houston of the Treasury
department, will resume his statement
regarding national finances f tomor
row before the finance committee.
Further hearings in the coal in
vestigation of the reconstruction
committee may be held this week,
but this investigation, with-others
suspended by the-holidays; may go
over until next week. '-.
The house tomorrow will consider
minor bills and during the week ex
pects to begin ( consideration of its
second regular?. appropriation bill,
the sundry civil budget.' . All im
portant house committee work is
suspended until next week.
The house is to-work all this week
except only, New .Year's day, but
the senate may take another week
end recess. ! ' .
about a man that when he is Jove
sick cuts out hearts when he should
be cutting out the seats of trous
ers 1" . .
"I yan to talk, t vant to .talk!"
shouted Sammy. "She says I ran
after Iier down town and everything,
which I don't. It's: a lie, because
maybe I like her all right, but is that
an excuse that you should run after
a woman? No, VI never do such
things, and maybe I love her; yes,
because she is such a good worker.
Sometimes we get so much over
work, but she goes right along; she
is a fine worker, I'm telling you, but
6he is mistaken if she thinks I love
, "Aisy, aisy, me boyl" admonished
the officer; "ye're sthrippin' ye're
"Anyhow I guess she makes mad
because I don t give her that dia
mond ring. I don't promise nothing
of the kind. I ain't such a fool yet,
and besides, I'm no Sandy Clothes
yet, and besides, she said I took a
picture photograph of her when she
wasn't looking and ."
"Aw g'wan home and lave this
woman be, or, I'll bounce me club
off ye're bean. Ye talk too much,"
ssid tH i tadti ti di-
The Guest of Honor!
Oil Rush Equals
: Land Drawings
Many Speculators - Apply, for
' ' Five-Year Leases in
By International New Service.
Helena, Mont, Jan. 1. Oil is the
tnagnet which has drawn speculators
to "apply for five-year' leases ' on
Montana land in the last 15 months
on 'a scale which nearly equals ' the
old rarid- drawfrigs-whicrr- attracted
thousands fromv every state in the
union a - few years ago when the
federal - government conducted gi
gantic lotteries in awarding pros
pective ' settlers their ( place in ' the
list to select homestead entries on
Indian reservations. .
Land owned by the state has been
eagerly sought since one' well came
The state board of land commis
The State Board of Land Commis
sioners has given leases on a ktotal
of '307,200 acres of land for an an
nual Cental of $60,000.- The' state
executed 600 leases.
So far, reports received by the
board show; that only one leaser has
actually started drilling operations
on this acreage, which is scattered
through ' every county in the. state
east of the Rockies. .-, .'
When the rush for leases started
the state leased a section of land for
the annual rental of $100, requiring
10 per. cent royalty of all oil and
gas with a; renewal privilege at the
end of five years without any drill
When the demand exceeded all
expectations and grew 41U0 a bus
iness which began to compare with
the old time gold rushes, the state
land board changed the lease.
Since March 8, 1920, the board
cut the acreage to 320 acres for
each lease, demands drilling started
within 18 months; and a 15 ner cent
royalty is now demanded. The an
nual rental is the same, but the
lease goes to the highest bidder
at the end of five years.
Under' the '.first, form' for leases
252,000 acres 'were leased.
New York Criminals
: On HoEday Vacation
1 New York, Dec. 26. New York's
coterie of criminals-at-large, with one
exception, spent Christmas at homej
police reports indicated tonight-' -
Police officials claimed the appar
ent cessation of outlawry bore, out
the prediction of Commissioner En
right that the recent bustling activity
of the lawless was nothing more than
a Christmas drive .tor; ''their; wives
and kiddies." ; -', -.
One burglary, -believed to have
been perpetrated 4his ' morning at
about the-same .time Santa Claus was
negotiating the Jast chimney, was
reported. Diamonds,-Liberty bonds
and moueyx, the value of which has
been undetermined, .were '.taken frorn
the safe of a -wholesale clothing mer
chant in East Fourteenth street .
Police Sav Prohibition ! 'H
Agent Committed Suicide
Bayonne,' N. J., Dec. 26. J. F.
McGuiness, whose body- was found
in Newark bay with a hole tlyrough
his head, committed' suicide, police
here stated .tonight. 'The family .of
the dead man, who was a prohibition
enforcement officer, believe that he
was murdered.--'v .! . ,
Retired Farmer Dies.
John Rudolph Faith, 75, 2787 Dav
enport street, 'retired farmer, died
at his home yesterday. Mr. Faith
was born' in Germany,' coming to
this country as a boy. ',
Funeral services will be held at
Duffy and Johnston's chapel - this
afternoon at 3. The bodv wilt be
Ulrea to East!, NeU, foe frttlWn ,
For Coming Year
No Further' Requests for
Freight ' or Passenger Rate ,
I Increase Contemplated,
. Chairman Says. '-
. Washington, Dec. . 26.' American
railroads are Completing a. successful
year and have no intention of asking
for another general rate increase,
Thomas de Witt Cuyler, chairman
of the Association of Railway Execu
tives, declared in a statement review
ing the 1920 situaon.
, The year,' Chairman Cuyler as
serted,' saw American railroads
placed again under private operation
and saw them move, a larger' grcss
tonnage than ever before and also
establish new records in transporti
cion from each car. These records,
he Etlded, were not achieved ,bv the
railroads alone, but with the aid of
shippers and with " "the dav ' nnl
night, rain or-shine, rfforts of hun-
creds of thousands of employes,"
Plan to Cut Expenses.
: In refeS-ring to reports that the
railroads plau to ask for further rate
increases, the chairman said:
"I know of no movement by he
railroads for a general increase in
rates, nor do I expect any. It is true
ranroad companies are not yet re
ceiving from the increased rates, any-
inmg -iiKe tne (y per cent return
needed. But the railway executives
ealize they are trustees of a ereat
public interest in the reduction of
r.ulroad operating expenses to the
lowest possible figure, and every ef
fort. will be made to , accomplish" this
iy turther economies and efficiency. '
Achievements of the railroads since
tlieir return, to private ofieration
March 1, were set forth as follows:
Increased , average movement er
freight car, per day, 6.3 miles, from
ii.S to 28.6 miles.
Increased the average load per
1.7 tons from 28.3 to 30 tons.
Better Car Movement
-Made substantial reductions in un
1 - Reduced the accumulation of load
5?7 unmved . to'Kht cars from
103,237 on March 1, to 21,991 on
December X of .which only 6,386
.w,ere . detrained because of-inability
0 t , railr0ads to move them. '
Relocated approximately 180,000
box cars for the movement of farm
products. ; . .
Relocated approximately 180,000
T" lP car to Keep up the produc-
Moved the third highest coal pro
duction in the history.
rSnnt rwn- C Crv (uia run
v,m sk'wi'u.vaaj extra on
improvements for the maintenance
01 iracics, Bridges, cars and locomo-tives.--
Vice President-Elect and
'i Family Spend Quiet Day
r iMortliampton, Mass., Dec. 26.
xne vice president-elect. Governor
Coolidge, had a quiet family observ
ance of Christmas at his home hi
this city. With Mrs.. Coolidge, the
governor came from Boston Mast
night to spend Christmas eve with
his two sows, who are in school here,
and today they, were joined by his
father, Col. J. C Coojidge' of Ply
mouth, Vt. '.
Nebraska Continued cold.
S a. nt,.,
7 a. m,,
I . m.,
I a. m . . ,
It a. m..
11 n. . 111 . .
1 P. ra. .
I p. m. .
t p. m.,
4 p. m. ,
5 p. m..
t v. m.,
T p. m . .
. . H
. . K
Fiume Expected t Fall With
in Next 2 1 Hours Govern
1 uient Troops Closing in
Aviation Field Captured -
By The Aiwoclntnl Pre".
Trieste, Dec. 26.-Italian regularji
have' reached the factories on the .
edge of riutne and are closing hi -'
gradually on the D'Annunzion
strongholds. It is expected Fiumc
will be taken this evening or tomor-
row. , . ,
, , Troops Advance.
Udine, Italy, Dec. 26. Genera!
Caviglia's regular Italian forces ad
vanced two kilometers today without
firing a shot, in a combined land
amli naval movement to close in on
Gabriele D'Annuuzio, Fiume insur-,
gent leader, whose men retired.
The Fiume triangle now is cut off
and the poet's aviation . field cap-
The plan . of General - Caviglia
is gradually to tighten his grip on
Fiume until D'Annunzio is helpless.
His men advanced today from the
north, cutting off the top of the tri- .
angle of which Fiume is formed and
occupied Grohnico, Santa Groce and
San Mattia. The aviation field cap- ,
tured is at Grohnico. The-D'Au-nunzio
troops evacuated these points
without offering resistance. ' ,
Movement General. .
At points from the shore north
ward the D'Annunzio line gave way .
and the regulars advanced half a
kilometer. It was a simultaneous
movement - .
The movement from Udine was
effected by an overwhelming body 1
of troops which advanced on the
thinly-held ' ine of d'Annunzi's ,
legionairies. The advance was ac
complished principally by Alpini "
vho occupied the high land cover
ing the rugged territory back of
Fiumc, including two ranges of hills.
Toward the sea, the regulars' line
is held by royal guards and car
bineers, " '
While the troops advanced on the
hilly ground overlooking the sea, the
Italian fleet kept silent guard in
It is reported orders to the Italian
regulars are not to fire unless pro
voked. D'Annunzio's spokesmen
say he has ordered Ms officers nC
to fire until he so orders.
Better Business !
. Conditions Neai:
Industry Has Weathered 1920
- Storm, Federal Reserve
Bank Statement Says.
Cleveland, Dec. 26. The fourtfi
federal reserve bank, in its monthly;
summary of business conditions, says'
business has weathered the storm of
120, and that an era of stabilized ''
business condtions is in sight.
"VVe are still sailing the sea of
readjustment' the statement' says,
"some squalls have blown up, but
the business ship has successfully
weathered the storm thus far."
"The fact remains, however," it
continues, in concluding its general
survey of the situation "that we are
still on the sea and cannot leave the
ship until we reach port" '
''We 1 believe land is. in sight and
that within a reasonable time we shall
sifely reach rehige in the harbor
of stalilized business."
While the year "has been one of
surprising -developments to many," ,
says the statement, "there !s nothing
but what students of business con
ditions had expected.
"A substantial liquidation has taken
place and tho1 damage done as com--parcd
with the good accomplished,
has been surprisingly small," it sas.
American Army Flyer
Wins Free-For-All for
Albert Hays Trophy
Long Beach, Cat, Dec. 26. Flying
at a speed of 146.8 miles an hour,
fyieutvE. E. Bratten, U. S. AJ avia
tor, won Jthe 106-mile free-for-all
race for the Albert H. Hays chal-,
!nge trophy, the oper.ing event of
the three-day . national winter air
tournament at Daugherty field here.
Thirteen fliers started, 12 being army
men. Eleven finished.
Lieut. Bratten's tune for the 106
miles, flown over a triangular course.
was 4U minutes i seconds. The
order in which the other leaders fin
ished and their time were:
Capt. vL. H. Smith. 41 minutes 37
seconds; Lieut. Harold Brand, 42
minutes Lieut. Y. A. Pitts. 42 min
utes 24 seconds; Lieut. Milo N. Clark,
42 minutes 49 seconds
- Lieuts. A: Lee Foster and R.
S. 1 Worthington w.re forced to
descend because of engine trouble.
The fliers Were aided on the long
kg of the course by a strong tail
wind. On 4be other K'gs the-v were
protected from the wind by hills.
The first six machines') to finish
were American built, equipped with
400-horse power Liberty nlotors.
Man Suspected of Orpheum
Theater Robbery Arrested
Elmer Cavanaugh, who told po
lice that he is an actor at the Palm
tbeater, was arrested, suspected of
being the man who entered a dressing-room
of the Orpheum last Wed
nesday night and stole a violin, two
bows, a box of strings and a package '
of makeup powder. Cavanaugh was
"camping" near the stage door lasj
night, according to the attendant
who called the police. He is' being
held for investigation, but assert his
innocence ' "
. V '
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