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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1920)
THE BEE: OMAHA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1920.
nnniimiTinM l'liii fat ..d .uodM..d being the on
pniiHinii issu nil c ones not 10 ao soi. Air. nnucuuu
I HVIIlMl I IWI1 lllhh
GO INTO EFFECT
Law Becomes Effective at
12:01 A. M. No Liquor of
Any Kind May Then Be
Manufactured in U.S.
(Continued From F. One.)
storage, and fruit and vegetable
dehydrating or evaporating plants.
Manv eniDloves of distilleries and
breweries thu are retained at their
old places, but at new tasks. 'An
army of bartenders, it is said, has
obtained jobs at soda fountains and
are reported to be "humanizing" the
nut sundae business.
Some of the things prohibition is
alleged already to have done to
the metropolis and other parts of
the nation were pointed out here
today by William H. Anderson, sup
erintendent of the Anti-Saloon
league, and others. Mr. Anderson
saidr "Five years ago, on a zero
weather night, 1,000 or more men
applied to the Bowery Mission for
lodging. So far this winter less than
a dozen have appeared on any cold
night. The Municipal Lodging
House, with a capacity of 918, on
not one night in December sheltered
as man as 100 persons. Ordinarily
it would be crowded.
"We are getting curious reports
from all parts of the country. For
instance, Harry A. Winkle, known
as 'Dad,' for 26 years the keeper
of the Philadelphia morgue, says:
'Prohibition has most nigh closed
us ud. We had as many bodies in
two weeks in 1918 as we had al
together in 1919. Sixty per cent
of them came here through "booze.'
Some of them were wood alcohol
victims. The daily average has been
close to SO per cent of what was
normal before prohibition.'
Eliminate Small Courts.
"Thomas W. White, state super
visor of administration of Massa
chusetts, reports that as a result, of
fewer cases many small courts which
are now costing the state $500,000
a vear can be eliminated by one
half. Milwaukee reports a 'short
age of labor' at the House of Cor
rection. The decrease in eases of
intoxication there is officially given
as 20 per cent during 1919. Two
thirds of Cincinnati workhouse is
to be abandoned, effecting a saving
of $40,000 annually, because of the
recent decrease in occupants.
"Charles R. Buchanan, jailer, at
Hannibal, Mo., whose position used
to pay him $1?S by reason of his
feeding prisoners at 20 cents a meal,
has returned to his old job of cigar
maker because prisoners are so few
that he cannot make it pay. Mid
dletown.N. Y., which has been 'dry'
' now for more than a year, reports
''unusual prosperity, . some of its
former 32 saloonkeepers having be
come successful merchants. Sheriff
, Joseph E. Davis of Nassau county
informs us that he has 'only 38
prisoners in jail and only four of
these are lioboes. Prohibition has
reduced the number of prisoners SO
Alcoholic Wards Go.
"Bird S. Coler, commissioner of
charities, said that 'the alcoholic
wards in the Kings County and
Betlevue hospitals are nearly out of
business. Wood alcohol is claiming
a few cases, but ambulance calls
have fallen off 25 per cent.' A. C.
Baker of the Bowery Mission said;
'The war, better wages and prohibi
tion have virtually eliminated the
bum, and the bread line. Is used to
be that you could get 1,000 snow
thoveters by visiting a few Bowery
saloons. Now you couldn't find 40.
Men who formerly came to us for
beds are now paying their own
rent.' " . -
Commenting on the fact that 45
of the 48 states had ratified the 18th
imendment, (New Jersey, Connecti
to bay X
our unusually low
All new uiuiviuuiti ovjrtca
materials are the best, 3
in all wanted colors and
1 1 irim ' m. . m
4 vtTrr c -a.
16th and FarnamSts.
said: "An imoortant thinar to re
member is the fact that, while no ref
erendum on national prohibition
was taken, for the reason that there
was no way one could be held, the
dry amendment was ratihed exact
ly as all others have been. Nine
tenths of the area and almost two
thirds of the population of the
United States were 'dry' under state
and local action before, prohibition
became part of the nation's organic
Soldiers Voted Dry.
The false charge is made that
prohibition was 'put over on the
country while American soldiers
were fighting in France. The truth
is that in December, 1914, the ques
tion was voted on in congress and
received a majority in the lower
house, but not the necessary two
thirds required. That fact made it
a., issue, men, in tne elections 01
1916. more than six months before
an American soldier had gone over
seas, republican and democratic
candidates committed to prohibition
were elected in many cases by these
soldiers, to congress.
"Prohibition was consummated
bv the moral element of American
citizenship, including the business
element, which recoenized that al
cohol. even when moderately used,
lessened efficiency. The railroads
were the first to recognize this and
as early as 1890 the Reading railroad
ordered the dismissal of engineers
or firemen, who frequented saloons
The Lackawanna and other roads
adoDted similar restrictions later
Life insurance actuaries in their mor
tality figures for 'moderate drink'
ers clinched the argument tor aD
stinence in the business and com
Two Points of Attack.
Two main points of attack upon
the 18th or prohibition amendment
still remain to be made by the anti-
orohibition- forces, according to
Hugh Fox, secretary of the United
States Brewers association nere
The United States suoreme court,
he says, will adjudicate them. They
are: First, whether congress has the
neht to define an "intoxicating Dev
crage," and second, a decision as to
the scope and meaning of the pro
vision that "congress and the sev
eral states shall have concurrent
power to pass appropriate legislation
"It th suoreme court." he said
"should finally uphold the right of
congress to establish a definition of
one-half of one oer cent for the
nuroose of enforcing national prohi
bition, and that the states have no
nower in the matter, the effect would
be to put cider and many so-called
'soft drinks under tne c-an.
"Meanwhile," said Mr. Fox, "the
enforcement measure, which is now
known as the national prohibition act
will, if sustained bv the courts, de
prive accused persons of a trial by
jury and make them prove tneir in
nocence. No physician will be able
to oresenbe alcohol m any torm
without submitting to vexatious reg
ulat ons which will take so mucn
time and trouble that a busy doctor
could not afford to be bothered with
Prohibit Home Brewing.
"Mr. Fox nredicted that reeula
tions to carry out the provisions of
the act would prohibit the selling
of appliances for home brewing or
,.:fi:.. 1 iU It .nan 4M,V.
ful if the farmer will be able to turn
hid own aDoles into cider, his own
grapes into wine or his small fruits
into cordials.' "
Mr. Fox contended that the fed
eral amendment soecificallv trohl
bits "intoxicating beverages and
this was ratified by the states with
the understanding that it meant m
toxicating, liauors and nothing else
"Whether the amendment can now
be enlarged and extended by con-
gress unaer tne guise or a oennmon,
is one of the issues which will have
to be adjudicated by the supreme
court." he said, "together with the
scope and meaning of the provision
that the congress and tne several
states shall have concurrent power
tn nass aooroDriate legislation for
r . rr : -i i?r4 t.:t.:
the entorcement oi national pronioi'
Mr. Fox naid his respects to the
Anti-Saloon league by declaring that
"in nnnnsinc everv attemot of the
neoole to vote on the question of
prohibition, it had completely re
versed its first declaration of princi
ples of Americanism and democ
Immense, Charge Made
(Continued From Faga One.)
der Schlesineer will be held. Sub
sequent meetings of federal grand
juries will be held in other large
cities of the coast in rapid succes
sion, it was said.
Officials Are Silent
Washington. Tan. 15. Depart
ment of Justice officials tonight ad
mitted an investigation of financial
transactions in Pacific coast ship
building has been ordered, but de
clined to indicate the nature ot the
evidence. Officials of the shipping
board likewise were silent.
The investigation, it was recalled,
was instigated by Former Chair
man Hurley of the shipping board.
It was the intention of the board
eight months ago to go into the
books of the shipbuilding compan
ies itself, but plans latec were
changed and the whole matter
turned over to Attorney General
Palmer. There was no intimation
at that time, however, that the al
leged fraud would attain any such
proportions as government agents
now believe they have uncovered.
Information which comes out
piecemeal here tended to show that
at least seven large shipbuilding
corporations were involved in the
alleged fraud. Their identity was
not disclosed and probably will not
be until federal indictments have
been obtained and executed. . .
Avert Rail Strike
London, Jan. 15. The delegates
of railway men's unions have ac
cepted the government's offer in set
tlement of wage demands made by
employes in the lower grades of the
NEW GUILTY OF
Jurors Finally Reach
cision in the Trial
i Youth Who Killed
Taw picture that opens your eyes!
Starts Sunday at the Snav
Los Angeles, Jan. 15. Harry
New was found guilty today of sec
ond degree murder in connection
with the shooting and killing of his
fiancee, Freda Lesser, in Topango
canon, near here on the night of
July 4, last. A jury in superior
udge Cavin W. Cnig's court re
turned the verdict shortly before
noon after jt had been deadlocked
for almost 44 hours and after both
sides virtually had given up hope
of an agreement.
Coupled with the verdict was a
recommendation that the court or
der the defendant placed in an in
stitution for a "reasonable length
of time for observation as to his
Lecompte Davis, leading counsel
for the defense; announced a mo
tion for a new trial wduld be made
Monday morning at 10 o'clock, the
time set by Judge Craig for pro
nouncing sentence, and said an ap
peal to the state supreme court
would be taken if the motion was
New, according to testimony in
troduced, is a son of Senator Har
ry S. New of Indiana.
New maintained to the end the
imperturbability that has marked
his demeanor during the trial. He
heard the expression of his guilt
without change of color or v other
sign of emotion and left the court
room for his cell in the jail with firm
step. Miss Edna Clancy, his half
sister, also- heard the verdict calmly.
His mother, Mrs. Lillie Berger, was
Thomas Lee Woolwine, district
attorney, issued a statement con
gratulating the jury. He said the
verdict showed that "even the son
of a United States senator cannot
with impunity wreck a girl's life
and then shoot her to death to es
cape his own villainy.
Canadian Minister Sued
For $1,000,000 Damages
Fort Francis, Ont., Jan. 15. Ac
tion for $1,000,000 damages ha? been
started against the Canadian minis
ter of customs and other members
of the Dominion cabinet by the
Fort Francis Pulp & Paper com
pany, it was announced by company
officials. The damages are sought
on the ground that the government
prohibited the export of paper
from the local mills. ,
Mill officials declare they may
close down their plants unless the
order is revoked.
txecunon Called Off:
(Continued From PM One.)
Lancaster district eourt Deputy
Attorney General J. B. Barnes, as
sisted by Attorney ueorge w.
Ayres, appear for the state, while
the prisoner s case is being argued
by Attorney Sterling F. Mutz.
Attorney Muts askeJleave to
file an amended petition itv the court,
covering the same points which he
raised in a letter to the governor
attacking the hearing held before
the executive at the prison, J anu
Deputy Attorney General Barnes
stated that the state was ready -to
proceed at once with the hearing
and objected, but the filing of the
petition was allowed.
Questions Governor's Action.
In the petition, which was al
lowed to be read at the hearing this
morning, it is charged that Henry
Brandt, a juror at Grammer's trial
in Howard county district court,
was not a citizen of the United
States, and was mentally incompe
tent to serve as an intelligent
It further charged that Ed Frant-
zer, another juror, had stated be
fore he was sworn into the jury that
he wanted to serve in order to as
sist in returning a verdict of guilty
against the accused.
I he petition further Questions the
right of Governor McKelvie to hold
the final hearing, which was held at
the state prison on January 5.
Mrs. Grammer Hopeful.
As Warden Fenton and his pris
oner departed from the court room
at the adjournment Mrs. Grammer
was allowed to walk down the steps
with her husband.
As Grammer steDDed into the
waiting automobile to return to the
death cell in the prison he gently
kissed his young wife, who has so
steadfastly remained true to him
through all his long confinement
since April 1, 1918.
I cannot help but be somewhat
cheered," said Mrs. Grammer. "I
seem to feel that the electrocution
will not take place tomorrow. I
am quite hopeful of the outcome."
While Attorney Frank M. Tyrell
is speeding to Washington this aft
ernoon to seek a writ of habeas cor
pus for Cole, J. B. Priest argued
the case before Judge T. C. Munger
of the federal court here.
Appeal Is Granted.
Judge Munger, who heard Cole's
case, denied a habeas corpus writ.
Cole's counsel filed an appeal to the
United States circuit court of ap
peals, which was granted.
Mrs. Elizabeth, Grammer, child
wife of one of the prisoners and
daughter of the murder victim, sat
in the electric chair for one minute
Wednesday afternoon. She exam
ined the death-machine closely with
out comment Then she turned on
Executioner Hulburt a glance of
"My husband shall never sit in
this chair," she snapped.
Executioner of 135.
The remark, although directed at
the hired executioner, had no ap
parent effect on that 112-pound per
son. He has officiated at 135 elec
trocutiona in his 23 years of such
Hulburt is the most famous elec
trical engineer in prison history. He
electrocuted Lieutenant Charles
Becker of the New York police de
partment Hulburt's hand drew the
switch that juiced to death Czolgosz,
the assassin of President Mctviniey.
In his test of the machine Wednes
day, Hulburt found no flaw. But in
the chair he noticed the lack of rub
ber matting for the seat and back.
He went to Lincoln and bought the
rubber himself. Then he superin
tended its adjustment
Hulburt s only apparent worry
was whether lawyers for Cole and
Grammer would obtain a postpone
ment of the execution.
"I planned to leave Lincoln for
New York Friday noon," he said,
(Continued From Fata One.)
crats. Both delezattons were chos
en informally and were said to be
without specific authority to act for
their respective sides, but leaders
hope that subsequent negotiations
will result in a compromise which
will muster the two-thirds vote
necessary to ratification.
Discuss Lodge Reservations.
The Lodge reservations were the
basis of discussion at the confer
ence. While no formal suggestions
in writing for their modification
were presented , by the democrats,
verbal suggestions were, made by
the democrats and these, Senator
Lodge said, were taken under ad
visement by the republicans. Be
fore the negotiations are concluded
it is expected that formal drafts of
compromise proposals will be
Failure of the democratic caucus
to select a leader today, according
to supporters of both Senators
Hitchcock and Underwood, is not
expected to have any immediate ef
fect on the treaty questions. Sena
tor Underwood, immediately after
thecaucus, announced that regard
less of the final result, Senator
Hitchcock would continue to handle
the treaty for the minority with
his loyal support. Senator Sim
mons, a Hitchcock supporter, also
stated that the Nebraska senator
would continue in charge of the
treaty on the democratic side.
Bryan Urges Ratification.
After, his conference with sena
tors Mr! Bryan, in atalk with news
papermen, emphasized 'his belief
that a large majority of the Amer
ican people desire immediate rati
fication. Prompt action, he said,
would accomplish these two results:
First, it would' take the question
out Of politics and permit both par
ties to turn their attention to very
important domestic issues. Second,
an agreement would permit ratifica
tion by a larger majority than in any
other way and that would give the
greatest possible weight to our ac
tion. A previously expressed suggestion
that democrats of the senate with
hold their votes and let the repub
licans ratify the treaty with their
reservations, Mr. Bryan said, snouia
only be a last resort if compromise
Could Make an Appeal.
"An appeal could be made to the
country," he continued, "to reverse,
in the league of nations, any action
taken by the senate and to author
ize restoration of any provisions
stricken out And, in my opinion,
the democrmaticparty could make
a much more successful fight before
the people for authority to restore
than it can for authority to retain
provisions, if it must share respon
sibility with the republicans, for 14
"I believe we can put the republi
can party on the defensive by; pro
posing an immediate compromise, if
compromise is possible, and second,
by throwing the responsibility on
the republicans for immediate action
f compromise is impossible.
Asked whether he believed the
president would approve a com
promise set of reservations, -Mr.
"I do not know that anybody is
authorized to say what the president
will accept and I don't think it is
fair to ask in advance what he will
accept, or for him to suggest
changes that would put him where
he might be accused of a breach of
Death List Reaches
Over 3,000 as Result
Of Mexican Tremor
Mexico City, Tan. 15. Reports
slowly coming in from eastern sec
tions of the state of Puebla tell of
terrible toss of life in that region as
a result of the earthauake on Tanu-
ary 3.' Further east, in the utate of
Vera Cruz, the death toll seems to
be growing, reports from Couztlan
stating that the number of dead
there and in surrounding villages is
more than 3.0UU.
The lake which inundated the vil
lage of Barranca Grande was caused
by a mountain collapsing and dam
mine a river.
An exploring oartv returned todav
from Mount Popocatepetl and re
ported the crater had been entirely
changed and that huge hssures had
appeared. There were perceptible
indications of poisonous vapors ris
ing, they said. J. he last ' eruption
of Popocatepetl occurred in 1802,
ONLY 65c AND 75c
For pressing Men's Suits at
our new plant at 24th and
Lake Streets. Webster 392.
CAREY CLEANING CO.
The picture that opens your eye!
Starts Sunday at the Sun.
rJ30ID)IEIM SIKIOE CO
2nd Floor Paxton Block
Use Main Entrance 217 South 16th Street
Our customary January shoe clearance begins tomorrow FRIDAY. Every shoe in stock will be put
on sale at an enormous discount.
Every $14 and $16 shoe in stock, absolutely the verv best
quality, custom made shoes., All of the new novelty styles in
cluded. Get in early on these exceptional values.
A Popular Shoe
. . NO SHOES OVER
NO WAR TAX '
All-over kid or' calf, hi-top,
welt sole, high or low heel.
All sizes. )
V 1 Ladles'
I SI An exceptional
II l bargain. A special lot
V U of these $13 raluss
I Black mat all-orer kid, high
French heels, all sizes. .
Especially designed for
street wear. A $12 value at
NO SHOES OVER
NO WAR TAX
Styles to suit Fashion's latest whims. Rand
turned soles, extremely high French heels
Black or white satin $6.95
Patent leather $7.05 '
Silver shoe cloth 87.95
Calfskin Oxfords, dark brown, low heel,
111.00 ralne, at $7.95
For Women Who Wear
, Small Size '
One lot of broken sizes,
mostly small, from 2Y2 to 4.
This lot includes all colors and
styles. To be sacrificed at
Values up to $12.
. ' ...
Here Is 1 Real Dargtin
Stylish, up-to-the-minute, hi-top
Shoes in field mouse, gray kid, brown
kid, with cravenette tops. High or low
heels. .To be closed out during this
great sale at '
Buy These Quick
Special Bargains In
Every shoe In this
lot to be sold at
much less than to
price. Think of these
$8.00 values selling
All-orer kid and calf ; low military
Also Favor Election of Regents
of the University and
v Schools. ,
Extension of government control
of railroad for twn mnr vrc
was advocated in resolution pasted
oy delegates to the Nebraska Farm
ers' Co-Operative and Educational
union yesterday at the Masonic
Although the delegates discussed
the Plumb plan of railroad opera
tion, which was outlined by them
at the Auditorium Tuesday evening
by Glenn E. , Plumb, no resolutiot
was passed either commending 01
condemning the plan.
The delegates unanimously votel
resolutions sustaining the work o:
federal land banks and favored thi
liquidation of stock land banks it
Want No Appointees.
Regents of the University of Ne
braska and state normal school!
should be elected from each con
gressional district, it was resolved.
and state superintendents of schools
should be elected by a direct vote
of the people. Any attempt to make
membership on boards of education
appointive was bitterly condemned
in another resolution.
The equal distribution of taxes
-' t I 1 ..1 L1' . -1 :
vil laiuv.ug iivi ijbiiv. uuuw utili
ties was demanded.
Touching on the labor question the
union passed a resolution favoring
collective bargaining as advocated
by labor, and favored the principles
of collective bargaining in every
sense. Legislation tavonng
operative banking was also
9 v 0
Silks and woolens
street frocks, dinner
dresses and evening
gowns a showing
that is varied and
They are the last of
our winter's assort
ment none of them
are larger than 40,
the majority are. 3 6
We offer these few at
$35 to $45 dresses, $19.50
$49.50 to $65 dresses, $32.50.
$69.50 to $98.50 dresses, $44.50.
$105 to $150 dresses, $69.50.
$165 to $225 dresses, $98.50.
All Sales Final
, Friday's Specials are in
J apanese Blue Prints
Lufich Cloths, Table Cloths, Napkins '
$2 cloths, 48-inch size, for $1.80.
$2.25 cloths, 50-inch size, for $2.
$2.75 cloths, 60-inch size, for $2.48.
$3.50 cloths, 62-inch size, for $3.15.
$4.75 cloths, 72-inch size, for $4.28.
$1.50 napkins, 12-inch, $1.35 a dozen.
Cluhy, Madeira, Mosaic and
65c Cluny doilies, 10-inch, 49c each.
35c Cluny doilies, 8-inch, 25c each.
$20 Madeira lunch cloth, 54-inch, $15.
$25 Madeira lunch cloth, 54-inch, $18.75.
$50 Madeira table cloth, 72-inch. $37.50.
$9 Venetian lace centers, 24-incn, $6.75.
$10 Mosaic tea napkins, 12-inch, $7.50 a dojsen.
$25 -Mosaic napkins, 20-inch, $18.75 a dozen.
The January prices on Irish linen lalle cloths
and napkins, on hucfy toivels, linen crashes,
linen glass toweling and the like offer splcn
did economies. ,
for $2.59 a yard
A fine range of colors
m materials suitable
for one-piece dresses
and tailored suits, 54
inches wide an ex
ceptional value. ,
for $2.49 a yard
brown, taupe, navy,
gundy, wisteria and
dark green, in 42-inch,
for $1.98 a yard
Taffetas and satins in
qualities up to $3.50 a
yard, reduced to $1.98.
Maids' aprons of all
lengths, fitted and with
bibs. Very plain or "
' aprons priced 75c, 85c,
$1, $1.25, $1.50 and
Tea aprons of plain or
dotted Swiss, with
laces and embroider
ies to make them
charming, 85c, $1.25
A decidedly attrac
tive set consists of as
apron with a small bib
ajid cuffs, collar and cap
to match, priced $2.50 a
An embroidery trimmed
white organdy apron
with a tucked skirt is $5.
Black sateen office '
aprons in all sizes are to
be had for $1.50.
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