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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1919)
BITS. OF NEWS
FOR PATHOS, HUMOR AND PHILOSOPHY READ "HEART BEATS" IN THE BEE'S WOMAN'S SECTION.
The Omaha Daily Be
London, Sept. 4. Queen Maud
of Norway, sister of King George
of England, is tht first queen to
pilot a seaplane. The queen was
watching some flights over Chris
tiana and grew so enthusiastic that
she insisted on going up herself.
She did so twice. The second time
t she was accompanied by Crown
Prince Olaf. Queen Maud took the
controls and piloted the boat skill
fully, to the cheering of vast
crowds. She is the second queen
to go up in an airplane, Queen
Elizabeth of the Belgians, being the
first, though she never piloted a
IN PARTS OF POLAND.
Warsaw, Sept. 4. Barelegs are
1 the custom throughout these re
gions. Frobably not one in five of
the poor own stockings and many
not even shoes except the wood
soled sandals strapped on bare feet.
Adult women bare-legged and bare
fotted are to be seen everywhere,
not only in the country but in the
streets of Warsaw and the other
KILL BOOZE SMUGGLER
AND DRINK CONTRABAND.
Manassas, Va., Sept. 4 Testimony
that W. C. Hall, prohibition inspec
tor and three other "dry" agents
drank a part of the contraband whis
ky which they had seized from the
automobile of R. C. Shackleford and
Lawrence W. Hudson, whom they
had mortally wounded, was present
ed by Herman Goode, state's wit
ness. Goode declared that from his
home he had a clear view of the
Shenandoah valley turnpike, where
the shooting occured, and the after
the "dry" agents had returned from
the Winchester hospital, where they
liad taken the dying Hudson, they
obtained a bottle of whisky from
the seized automobile and each took
a drink. ,
COWBOY IN HASTE
TO SECURE A WIFE.
New York, Sept. 4. "I want a
wife and want her quick. They're
scarce in Texas." Thus wrote T.
: J. Hunt, cowboy, of Ranger, Tex.,
, in a letter received by Mayor Hylan.
Hunt says he is 32, strong, healthy,
good looking and with good pros
pects. GOSSIPS AGOG AT
London, Sept. 4. All London is
agog with gossip and chatter about
the marriage of the second femi
nine member of the royal family to
a commoner, celebrated in almost
regal splendor at Windsor castle,
when Lady Helena Cambridge,
Queen Mary's niece, became the
bride of Major Evelyn Gibbs of the
Cold Stream Guards.
The first marriage of this kind to
startle Britain was that of Princess
"Pat" (Patricia of Connaught) to
At the'" bride's suggestion, the
" king and queen remained on their
holiday at Balmoral castle, Scotland,
but their resignation to the new or-
tier of affairs is attested by a mes
sage they sent to Lady Helena,
"We hope everything will go off
well. Our thoughts are with you all
(Signed) George and Mary."
The Queen Dowager Alexandra,
no less reconciled to receiving a
commoner into the royal family,
sent the following telegram:
"All mv thoughts are with vou to
day and I wish the dear young cou-
,le every blessing in their married
"JUST-WATCH OLE GO;"
SO SAY SCANDINAVIANS.
Washington. Sept. -4. According
to reports reaching Washington, Ole
Hansen, foe of the I. W. W. and
other apostles of unrest, is stirring
things up politically in the north
west once more. Hansen's resigna
tion as mayor of Seattle is regarded
by many as the first step toward the
announcement of his candidacy for
the presidency. Scandinavians in
the northwest are for Ole to a man,
and many of them are reported to be
saying to the old line politicians,
"Just watch Ole go."
SHUN RED FLAG.
Chicago, Sept. 4. Opera singers
shun the red flag and the bolsheviki
' and the actors union does not appeal
to them, according to Signor Gia
como Spadoni, who started chorus
classes for the Chicago Grand opera
"No trouble here " he said. "These
girls are too ambitious to be inter
ested in anything but their art."
One significant feature of the com
ing opera season will be the slight
' Americanization of the company.
Two ballets written by Chicagoans
will be on the program. They are
the works of John Alden Carpenter
sad Felix Borowski. In addition, a
l- tenor, Don Giovanni, has changed
i his name to Edward Johnson.
s "German opera will have no place
on the program. There's nothing
in the peace treaty that calls for
German opera," said Signor Spadoni,
when asked if German opera would
have a place on the program.
J. HARTLEY MANNERS .
TO BACK UP ACTORS.
' London, Sept. 4. J. Hartley Man
ners, author of "Peg O" My Heart,'
' sails for New York Saturday on the
Aquitama to volunteer his assist
ance in the actors' strike. "All my
fortune and all my time will be at
the disposal of the actors," said
. Manners today. As he is credited
with making $2,000,000 out of "Peg
O' My Heart" alone, his financial
. assistance will be substantial.
"BY BRAINS ARE GONE,"
SUICIDE'S LETTER SAYS.
London, Sept. 4. Col. Robert
Megaw Ireland was killed Wednes
; day afternoon by a train in Ports
mouth station. The following let
ter was found in his pocket:
. "Eva, my wife, the best of wives,
" adieu. I cannot bear it. My brains
r are gone. Forgive me. Lord have
mercy upon me."
He leaves a widow, two sons and
VOL. 49 NO. 68.
Enter M MMi.elw mtthr mm If. IMS. t
0aaka . 0. ndr let f Mtrcti 3, t(7S.
OMAHA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5. 1919.
By Mall (I w), Datly. MOO: 8ody, tJ.it;
Dally Mf Sua.. SS.M; Mttlte N.O. tutift txtra.
Increasing cloudiness Friday,
probably becoming unsettled Sat
urday; cooler m west portion Sat
s u i j , ..r
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7 4 1 S ..,..
H M 1 ...
t I US
111 N I A ...SI
11 7 1 1 M
IS IS S 1
Tells Large Crowd in Indian
apolis Thursday Night That
League of Nations Will Make
All Wars Impossible.
FIRST SPEECH MADE
IN COLUMBUS, OHIO
Says Men in Khaki Will Never
Have to Cross Seas Again
When Treaty With Ger
many Is Accepted.
Indianapolis. Sept. 4. (By The
Associated Press.) "Put up or shut
up," was the advice given opponents
of the league of nations by Presi
dent Wilson here tonight in the sec
ond address of his 10,000- mile
tour of the United States. "If
the critics of the league have some
thing better to suggest," said the
president, "I hope they will hold
their convention and do it now."
He said the league opponents
could not hope to defeat the pro
gram except by offering something
The economic and arbitration sec
tions of the covenant, he asserted,
would "keep war on the outskirts"
and make it only a "last resort."
Opponents of the league of na
tions, he said, had discussed only
three out of twenty-six articles of
the covenant. The articles which
would make war improbable had
Calling on opponents of the
league of nations to present a "bet
ter program" for peace, President
Wilson declared it ij a case of put
up or shut up.
The president said his speaking
trip was partly to point out how
"absolutely ignorant" of the con
tents of the covenant some of those
were who opposed the league.
"If they read the English lan
guage at all," he said "they do not
understand it as I do."
The president said he wanted to
forget and wanted the people to
forget that they were republicans
An American First.
"I am an American," he declared,
"and a champion of the rights which
America believes in."
At this the crowd cheered and
there was another outburst of cheer
ing when he declared he had "not
the slightest doubt" what the ver
dict of the people would be.
Some delegations, he said, came
to the Paris conferences with
causes which were not considered
properly within the scope of the
peace conference. In that connec
tion, he pointed out, that under Ar
ticle 11 any threat of war could
be investigated by the league.
"At present," he said, "we have
to mind our own business, but un
der the covenant and the league we
can mind other people's business."
Refers to Ireland.
There wasn't an oppressed people
anywhere, he said, that could not
get attention for its case under the
league. He did not mention any
oppressed people by name, but
many of his hearers remarked that
they thought he spoke of the case
Referring to the Shantung settle
ment the president pointed out that
Japan repeatedly had promised to
return the peninsula to China. He
did not go into the subject at
length, however, but mentioned it
in emphasizing that the covenant
would refuse to recognize the
validity of secret treaties.
The president said he could look
the mothers of the country in the
face proudly because he had kept
his promise to do all he could to
prevent any more war.
"This league," he said, "is the only
conceivable arrangement which will
prevent our sending our men abroad
again very soon."
When Gov. James P. Goodrich
mentioned that the meeting was to
hear the president, the crowd
cheered for several minutes and the
governor could only stop them by
presenting Mr. Wilson.
It was 10 minutes before the
crowd was quieted, and the presi
dent proceeded. He traced the in
cidents from which the great war
started, saying the significant cir
cumstance was that Austria and
Germany "did not dare to discuss"
the demands made on Serbia. It
generally was admitted abroad, he
asserted, that if there had been dis
cussion there would have been no
Poland Given Unity.
Explaining how the treaty freed
many small peoples, the president
said that Poland, for example, had
been given "a unity she could not
have won and an independence she
cannot maintain" without aid from
the great powers.
The president's speech here was
interrupted several times by noise in
the rear of the great elliptical enclos
ure. Mr. Wilson's voice did not
(Continued an tmga 14, Column L)
Asserts Mikado Cannot Act in
Matter of Shantung Till Three
Months After Peace.
Richmond, Ind., Sept. 4. (On
Board President Wilson's Special
Train.) Criticism of Japan because
of that country's attitude toward the
Shantung question is not justified,
President Wilson told a small crowd
that gathered at the rear of the train
at Urbana, O.
Japan cannot act in the matter of
Shantung, the president said, until
three months after peace conies.
"Then I am sure she will do so.
Criticism of Japan is not justified,"
"I think you will beat them," some
one in the crowd said, referring to
"Their case is so weak," the presi
dent replied, "they are not hard to
After the president's train left
Urbana, Mr. Wilson went into the
club ear and chatted for an hour
with the newspaper correspondents.
The president said he was well
pleased with his reception in Colum
bus and made clear his intention as
the trip goes on to follow out his
plan of taking up details of the
treaty one after another and laying
them before the people. i He indi
cated that he believed the best argu
ment for the treaty was to explain
in clear language just what it con
tained. GREAT DISCORD
Question Looms Whether
Southeastern Europe About
to Start Fresh Bloodshed.
Democracy Learned in Army
Must Be Preserved, Theo
dore Roosevelt, Jr., Says to
Returned Omaha Soldiers.
DISORDERS MUST BE PUT
DOWN BEFORE ARGUMENT
Paris, Sept. 4. (By Universal
Service Staff Correspondent.) The
greatest discord is developing in the
Balkans and the question is agaiji
uppermost in Europe's mind as to
whether southeastern Europe is
about to start fresh bloodshed on a
It is authoritatively stated that
Serbia hasvdecided to refuse to sign
the peace treaty with Austria be
cause Serbia does not recognize the
clause protecting the minority rights
of Jugo-Slavia, taking the view that
such a concession would be a blow
to its, Serbia's, sovereign rights.
Roumania declines to sign the treaty
on similar grounds.
A member of the Jugo-Slav peace
delegation which, by the way, is
extremely desirous of retaining
President Wilson's friendship and
good will, told Universal Service
that no final decision had yet been
reached, but he admitted that Serbia
has not yet resolved to sign the
Roumania, having defied the peace
conference by her high-handed ac
tions at Budapest, now protests
against the American proposal to
turn over the Dobritch district of
the Dobruja to Bulgaria. Roumania
declares that a victorious nation
never before has been requested to
divest itself of part of its own soil
for the benefit of the vanquished.
It admits that the majority of the
Dobritch population is non-Roumanian,
but points out that the Vidin
district, in northwestern Bulgaria,
is inhabited by 120,000 Roumanians,
yet is not claimed by Roumania.
At the same time Roumania is
menacing Serbia, the quarrel be
tween these two nations revolving
around the Banat of Temesvar.
Diplomats here agree the situa
tion was never worse in the Bal
kans, even in the days of Ottoman
suzerainty. Anything may be ex
pected to happen within the next
few days, perhaps hours.
to Wait on Roumania
Paris, Sept. 4. The supreme coun
cil has appointed Sir George Clark,
an official of the British foreign of
fice, to go to Bucharest to present
to the Roumanian government the
desires of ,the allied and associated
powers with regard to Roumanian
occupation of Hungary.
The above probably refers to the
proposed plan of the supreme coun
cil to send a note to Roumania by
an English high commissioner as
reported in a Paris dispatch.
Senate Confirms Rank of
General for Pershing
Washington, Sept. 4. Amid ap
plause from senators and spectators,
the senate today in open executive
session unanimously confirmed the
nomination of John J. Pershing to"
the permanent rank of general of
the regular army as a reward for
his services as commander of the
American expeditionary forces. As
a mark of special honor, a rising
vote was taken.
Peace Council Grants
Austria Time Extension
Paris, Sept 4. (Havas.) The su
preme council of the peace confer
ence has decided to grant the re
quest of the Austrian peace delega
tion for two days' delay in the time
for presenting the Austrian answer
to the terms of peace.
Bolsheviki, I. W. W. and Reds
Must Be Treated Righf and
Treated Rough, He Tells
Large Crowd at Auditorium.
With his soft hat grasped in his
right hand, Theodore Roosevelt, jr.,
waved in true "Rooseveltian" man
ner at the big crowd that greted him
when he stepped upon the stage at
the Auditorium last night. He
smiled, showing his teeth in a man
ner that recalled his distinguished
And when he began to talk his
voice showed that little occasional
falsetto note which was a peculiar-,
ity of the elder Roosevelt.
"The Auditorium was nearly filled
and Mr. Roosevelt's speech on the
American Legion drew frequent ap
plause. He spoke less than half an
hour. Following that a large
number came up from the audience
to greet him on the stage.
"The American Legion," he said,
"is intended to preserve the democ
racy which we learned in the army,
the Americanization which was the
effect of army life on many foreign
born soldiers, and it is going to see
that this country into which service
men put themselves is run on the
lines which they think are right.
Policies, Not Politics.
"Private and general are to have
equal standing and it is to be non
partisan in politics, but with real
"We must have no class parties in
this country. There must be no la
bor party and no capitalist party
and, for that matter, no feminist
party. We are all 100 per cent
"As for the bolsheviki, the I. W.
W. and the red flag socialists, these
are criminals and should be treated
as such. Don't argue with them.
Treat them right and treat them
rough. When disorders arise the
duty of citizens is to put them down
at once and with a firm hand and
argue after order if restored on the
rights and wrongs of the question.
"There are already about 5.000
American Legion posts organized in
the United States. We have a legal
aid department, an official paper, a
war risk insurance department, re
employment department, a commit
tee ''at Washington to push such
legislation as ex-service men want.
Visits War Widow.
"The American Legion is a place
where the average ex-service man can
express his ideas. In your posts
you should discuss these questions
freely. And we want the citizens
of this country to know that ex
service men and women will stand
firm for the constitution and for
100 per cent Americanism."
Waiting behind the scenes for Mr.
Roosevelt when he arrived at the
Auditorium was Mrs. Soren Soren-
(Contlnned on Page 14, Column 5.)
Labor and Industry
to Hold Conference
Oct. 6 in Capital
WacViincrtnn Sent. 4. The confer
ence called by President Wilson to
, T i : La. 1.1.n .1
G1SCU5S reidliuiis uciwccii wuui aiiu
inrlnctrv will meet in Washington
October 6 and will be composed of
five persons selected by tne Cham
ber of Commerce of the United
;atc fiv hv the National Indus
trial Conference board, IS by the
American r-eaeration or iaDor, tnree
h fsrmincr organizations and three
by investment bankers and IS rep
resentatives ot the public.
Striking Havelock Shopmen
Return to Work at Old Scale
Lincoln, Sept. 4. Shopmen who
have been on strike at the Chicago,
Burlington & Quincy shops at Have
lock, began going back to work
late Thursday, following settlement
of the strike. According to Thomas
Roope. superintendent of motive
power, the men are returning un
der the same conditions that existed
prior to the strike.
Is Burned to Death
Sioux Falls, Sept. 4. J. H. Gal
lagher of Canton, S. D. was burned
n Aith and Lieut. Selbv Brown
of Esterville, la. was seriously in
jured when an airplane, wnicn uai-
lagher was learning to pilot, leu
intn on ir nnrlfpt and crashed to
the ground in flames at Canton, late
"Like Father, Like Son"--Famous Roosevelt
Smile is Also Characteristic of Teddy, Jr.
Theodore Roosevelt, jr., on his visit to Omaha yesterday, exhibited the same old Roosevelt smile that
helped make his father famous. The insert picture shows the late Theodore Roosevelt and his son when the
latter was a lieutenant-colonel in the army.
M SMALL FIELD
Huge Airliner Scheduled -for
Transcontinental Trip Will
Be Repaired and Con
By EDGAR W. CROFT,
Special Representative of The lice.
Syracuse, N. Y., Sept. 4. (Special
Telegram.) The huge Lawson
transcontinental airliner crashed to
earth today and was badly damaged
because the field, which the munici
pality of Syracuse provided, proved
too small to make a successful land
ing. Alfred W. Lawson, the builder
of the giant plane, and Pilot Charles
Cox were slightly injured in the
The plane left the field in Buf
falo at 8 a. m. and made a very suc
cessful flight to Syracuse. There
was excitement when the plane
crashed to earth. Both engines were
running after the crash and are
practically undamaged. Pilot Cox
was at the wheel when the accident
Both engineers jumped back when
the plane nose-dived forward to the
ground. Pilot Cox had shut off the
power just a few seconds before
Upon special request of Mr. Law
son, repair work will be begun at
once and it is expected that the
plane will be again in running or
der within a week or two.
The accident occurred at 10:20 this
morning. I took a photograph of
the plane a few minutes after the
accident This will explain to The
Bee readers just what happened.
General opinion is that the small-
ness of the landing tield was the
cause of the accident.
Mr. Croft, The Bee representa
tive, who made the initial trip
aboard the airliner from Milwaukee
to Syracuse with various stops en
route, is expected again to join the
plane crew after the machine has
been repaired. He will then make
the transcontinental flight from
New York to San Francisco, via
American Truck Driver
Killed by the Yaquis
Nogales, Ariz., Sept. 4. A. P.
Hennessey, an American truck
driver, formerly employed in the im
migration service at Nogales, and
four Mexican federal soldiers act
ing as escort to a truck operated by
the San Xavier Mining company,
were killed by Yaquis Tuesday, ac
cording to reliable information re
ceived by forwarding agents of the
Laughlin Mining company here to
day. Criticize Clemenceau.
Paris, Sept. 4. Debate in the
Chamber of Deputies on the ratifica
tion of the treaty of peace with
Germany was marked by personal
attacks yesterday when Deputy
Franklin-Bouillon declared that he
would vote against the treaty and
held Premier Clemenceau personally
resopnsible for the failure of France
to obtain better guarantees in the
"It was a grave error," said M.
Franklin-Bouillon, "to accept Pres
ident Wilson's '14 points' uneserved
ly and without discussion."
Officials May Only Have to
Do With Prices That
Are' Too High.
Washington, Sept. 4. Fair price
committees throughout the country
i were informed by Attorney General
Palmer Thursday that their activi
ties were not expected in anywise to
include official sanction for raising
prices above present levels.
Reports that in a few places com
mittees co-operating with the De
partment of Justice in the govern
ment's effort to reduce the cost of
living had advanced charges to con
sumers, caused an official circular to
be prepared making it clear that
such a step had no approval from
"The purpose of this campaign is
ties were not expected in any wise to
increase it," the circular said. "Fair
price committees should not at any
place or under any circumstances in
crease prices. If in the judgment of
the committee a price is too low it
should not be touched. It is only
prices which are too high with which
we are concerned."
It was made clear that the juris
diction qf the fair price committee
includes fuel and wearing apparel
as well as foods and feeds.
Expresses Regret for
Firing on U. S. Planes
Washington, Sept. 4 Regret over
the firing at an American army air
plane on the border Tuesday has
been expressed by the Mexican gov
ernment, it was announced today at
the State department. Assurances
were given that an immediate in
vestigation would be made with a
view to a satisfactory adjustment.
Way Employes and Laborers
Favor Strike to Get Raise
Detroit, Mich., Sept. 4. The
strike referendum of the United
Brotherhood of Maintenance of
Way Employes and Shop Laborers,
completed Wednesday, shows that
325,000 members favor a walkout un
less their demands for a wage in
crease of approximately $1 a day per
man are granted, brotherhood offi
cials announce today.
Washington, Sept. 4. Represen
tatives of the 600,000 members of the
United Brotherhood of Maintenance
of Way and Railroad Shop Laborers
asked the railroad wage board today
to adjust their wages in accordance
with the principle laid down by
President Wilson in approving ad
justments last week for the railroad
Drugs Worth $100,000
Seized in New York
New York, Sept. 4. Eight men
were arrestdd and habit-forming
drugs valued at more than $100,000
were seized here Thursday by inter
nal revenue agents in what they de
clared to be the most important raid
of its kind that has ever taken place
in this district. The prisoners had
$25,000 in cash on their persons and
are said to be members of a gang
whose operations extended through
out the country.
Convention Roundly Con
demns League of Nations as
Alliance of Capitalists
Chicago, Sept. 4. In a declaration
of principles adopted, the national
socialist party unqualifiedly en
dorsed the soviet republic of Rus
sia and the international socialist
movement and condemned the
league of nations.
The delegates jumped to their
feet and cheered for several minutes
when the paragraph was read ap
proving the soviet republic of Rus
sia. The document compared the
Russian revolution with the Ameri
can revolution of 1776.
The manifesto adopted read in
part as follows :
"We declare our solidarity with
the workers of Russia in establish
ing their soviet republic and we en
dorse the socialists of Germany,
Austria and Hungary in their
struggle for freedom. We condemn
the counter revolution in Russia,
badked by the czarists and the en
tente nations in an effort to destroy
the soviet republic. ,
"We approve industrial as well as
political action in the struggle for
the emancipation of the working
"We condemn the league of na
tions as the black international of
capitalism. It is the conscious alli
ance of the capitalists of all na
tions against the workers of all na
tions. "We demand the immediate lifting
of the indefensible and inhumane
blockade of Russia.
"We urge the workers of the
United States to do all in their pow
er to restore and maintain our civil
rights to the end that the transition
from capitalism to socialism may be
affected without resorting to - the
drastic measures made necessary by
"Long live international social
ism. A committee of seven was named
to prepare a standing party plat
form and a new working program.
William D. Haywood, secretary
treasurer of the Industrial Workers
of the World, recently released from
the Leavenworth penitentiary pend
ing the appeal of his case, was in
vited to address the convention of
the communist labor party but he
sent a letter declining and explain
ing that the time was not opportune
for him to deliver public speeches.
Fair Price Committee
to Trample H. C. of L.
Chicago, Sept 4. The govern
ment is about to descend upon the
high cost of living through fair
price committees similar to the war
time food administration organiza
tions, according to District Attor
ney Cline, who said Thursday that
he expected announcement would
be made in Washington Friday of
the selection of an Illinois fair price
The grand jury already has begun
its investigation of food conditions,
and figures on cold storage holdings
in Chicago, gathered by the Depart
ment of Justice, have been submit
ted to the body.
Reservations to Hun Agree
ment Recommended by Sen
ate Foreign Relations Com
mittee After Long Argument.
AUTHORITY GRANTED TO
WITHDRAW FROM LEAGUE
Other Reservations Passed on
Are Question Dealing With
Monroe Doctrine, Domestic;
Questions and Article 10.
Washington. Sent. 4. fBv The J
Associated Press.) The senate for
eign relations commitee late today
finished its work on the peace treaty:
with Germany and after adopting,
four reservations to the league of
nations covenant, ordered the treaty -reported
to the senate with about
two-score amendments previously;
The treaty now passes so far as
the United States is concerned, into
its final stage that of open con2
sideration by the senate for ratifica;
tion or rejection. Committee action
was deferred on the special treat.
to protect France and one other
treaties submitted. i;
Chairman Lodge will return the
treaty to the senate with a format
majority report late next week. A
minority report by the democrats
opposing both amendments and re?
servations is to be filed within three
days thereafter and it is -expected
that actual consideration v of the
treaty will begin about September
15. Weeks of debate before the
final vote are expected. The.iy
contest will be over the committee's
amendments with the final and de
cisive struggle over the reservations,
which the resolution provides must,,
be specifically accepted by three Of
the four great powers France,
Japan, Italy and Great Britain.
Conclusion Unexpected. . .
Conclusion of the committees
work which has taken nearly two
months came somewhat unexpect
edly at a special executive session
of three hours stormy debate. . ,;
The four reservations which were
sponsored by Chairman Lodge and
written into a resolution providing
for conditional ratification of the
First, for "unconditional" with
drawal of the United States from
the league. s
Second, refusal of this nation to
assume any ioreign territorial guars
antee ..der section iu of the league
covenant or mandate without action
Third, exclusive action by the
United States on domestic affairs,
Fourth, interpretation of the
Monroe doctrine solely by this na
On all four reservations the party
lineup of the committee was shat
tered. Senator McCumber, republi
can, North Dakota, voted with the
democrats in opposition to those'
dealing with article 10 and the
withdrawal provisionbut joined his
colleagues in supporting those pro
visions aTIecting the Monroe doc
trine and domestic affairs. , Senator
Shields, democrat, Tennessee,
joined the republicans in supporting
all of the reservations except that
concerning territorial guarantees on,
which he withheld his view. .The.
other six democrats of the .commiw
tee voted against all reservations, f
Amended Pact Ordered - '
After the vote on the resolution;
of ratification and the reservations,
the treaty was ordered - reported
without a record.
The ratification resolution and
"Resolved (two-thirds of the sen-
ators Dresent concurring thirinV
That the senate advise and consent
to the ratification of a treaty if
peace with Germany, signed by the,
plenipotentiaries of the United'
States and Germany and by the
plenipotentiaries of the 27. allied
and associated powers, at Versailles,
on June 28. 1919, with the following
reservations and understandings to
be made a part and a condition of
such ratification, which ratification
is not to take effect! or hinrl th
United State until th uiit fnllmu.
ing reservations and understanding!
have heen arrpntpH a a n-r ( nA '
uw m j-. " . v va nui,
a condition of said instrument of
ratification by at least three of the
four principal allied and associated.
powers, to-wit: Great Britain,"
France. Italy and Japan:
"1. The United States reserved
to itself the tinrnnrtitinnst rirrKf
.... a.Qa.fc kv
withdraw from the league of nations
upon the notice provided in Article.
i oi saiu treaty or peace wiw ucr
many. . -,...r
"2. That the TInitcH !stat. A.'
dines to assume unHcr th nrn.
visions of Article 10, or under any
other article, any obligation to pre:
serve tne territorial integrity or
political independence of any otheP
country or to interfere in the cou
(Cvntiaued on Fj 14, CoUma mi
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