Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 05, 1919, Page 3, Image 3

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SAYa cumins
Iowa Senator Condemns Pro
vision to Defend All Ag-
gressions Against Any
Country Concerned.
By a Staff Correspondent
Des Moines, la.. May 4. Sen. A.
B Cummins, senior senator from
Iowa, who has made a thorough
study of the league of nations cove
nant, is opposed to that part of the
pact which would commit the United
States to the policy, together with
other member nations, of guarantee
- ing the territorial integrity and po
litical independence of member
states. In an interview given out
here he states his posit-on, declar
ing that article 10 of the covenant
should not be subscribed to by this
country as it is the one which would
bind the United States to defend
all aggressions against any of the
countries concerned in the agree
ment. Since Senator Cummins is a
member of the majority party which
must pass on the treaty, his views
on the subject are considered signifi
cant. His statement follows:
"In the first place, there can be
no question but that the new Jugo
slav state and, the other inland
populations of south central Eu
rope should have convenient and
free commercial access to open
water to the Mediterranean.
"I da not profess to have such
t intimate familiarity with conditions
on the Adriatic that I can say vitli
positiveness where that access
should be provided. If Fiume is
the only possible point of access,
the only possible focus of railway
lines and other essential means -of
communication, then Fiume should
be made available. '
Opposes Italy.
"If I were participating in the
conferences upon that question. I
, should proposer first of all, that
everybody agree on the principle
that Jugo-Slavia must not be shut
out from the sea. I should pro
pose the principle to Italy. Once
unanimous assent had been ob
tained to that proposition, indud
. ing, of course, Italy's assent, I
should then say, 'Let us sit down
and decide where, with the maxi
mum fairness to all concerned, the
. economic outlet of the Slav popu-
lations of ..the interior should be.'"
; Having made clear that in his
opinion the economic need of Jugo
slavia for a port in the northern
Adriatic should be satisfied by the
ptacexconicrence, tne senator pro
ceeded to make a very important
qualification as to America's fu
ture part in guaranteeing the set
tlement, v
" A European Question.
"Fundamentally,"" Senator Cum
mins said, "the question of the
Adriatic, like all the quistions aris
ing out of the creation of new
European ' states, is a European
question. i
,"1 am not in favor ot American
wfusal to help in settling as rightly
as possible all the issues, including
territorial issues, growing out of the
war. I would not have America
;ail to work for a just decision of
the Adriatic question. Bgt I would
' have it distinctly understood that
snce a settlement is made its per
manence would be for European
peoples and governments to attend
to. not for us to enforce.
"In other words, America, as one
of the great belligerents in a' world
war, should, without sacrificing her
. Own future, give the fu' a'ssistance
of her counsel in the attempt to
start Europe right, with fair fron
tiers, fair economic agreements, fair
everything. After that the problem,
as an essentially European one,
should he left to Europe, to the
.Lloyd Georges and Ciemenceaus.
And their responsibility, even now,
is superior to ours on such ques
tions." Poles to Deliver 90,000
Tons of Potatoes to Germany
Danzig, May 4. (By the Associa
ted Press.) On the initiative of the
American mission, the Germans and
Poles reached an agreement -whereby
the Poles will deliver 90.000 ons
of potatoes to Germany, the latter
permitting the Poles to ship goods to
Czecho-Slovakia. The Poles also
agreed to cease, disturbing railway
lake once each
Laborers on New Union
Pacific Roundhouse
Strike for More Wages
A small strike, involving about 125
laborers and hod carriers engaged
in the construction of the ne.v Union
Pacific round house and other ter
minal : improvements ,in Council
Bluffs costing $1,700,000, has slightly
delayed the work. They quit work
Saturday when the Lynch-Cannon
Construction company refused to
accede -to their demand for an in
crease of 10 cents an hour. The hod
carriers have been getting 55 centa
and the common laborers, 50 cents
an hour. The cons traction company
alleges that its contrast will not per
mit the increases demanded. The
men say that the present cost of
living makes it impossible for them
to keep their families on the wages
they have been earning.
Roper Explains Taxes
On Manufacturers' Sales
Washington, May 4. Taxes inv
posed under the new revenue act
upon sales by manufacturers, pro
ducers and importers of works of
art and jewelry and on transporta
tion were explained by Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue Roper in
a series of rulings made public to
day. The tax on sales by a manufac
turer, producer or importer is paya
ble directly by him or his agent and
is measured 'by the price for which
the article is sold and not on the
list price. ' The tax is payabltron a
sale whether or not the purchase
price is actually collected and dis
counts may not be deducted. If an
article is increased 'n price to cover
the tax, the tax is on the increased
price. ' i
The manufacturers' taxes' cover a
number of articles and ranges from
3 per cent on automobile7 trucks and
wagons, to 100 per cent on dirk
knives and daggers.
The jewelry sales tax is 5 per cent
and applies to articles to be worn
for the purpose of adornment. Ar
ticles carried in a' handbag or in
the pocket, such as cigaret cases,
powder "boxes and purses, are tax
able as jewelry only if ornamented
with precious stones.
Claims Hinge on Condition
at Time of Application
Washington, May 4. Claims for
deaths of men in military service re
sulting either from natural causes
or from battle are not payable under
the war risk insurance act if ap
plication for insurance was made
while the applicant was in a "dying
condition" it was explained today
by the war risk insurance bureau.
This' provision of the law was
pointed put, it was said, to correct
an erroneous impression that the
bureau was refusing to pay claims
in deaths from natural causes. Con
ditions under which a man dies, do
not affect the payment of claims,
but only the conditions upon which
he makes application for insurance.
Swedeburg Man Wants 100
Policemen to Locate Ford
Ludwig Anderson, Swclebi rg,
Neb., called central police station
last night in a frenzy and asked for
the services of "at least 100 detect
ives and policemen at once.''
"What for? What for?" demand
ed Officer Boler, who answered the
"I'll need bne for each street, I
think," explained the visitor from
Swedeburg. "Someone stole my
Ford car."
Anderson couldn't remember the
license number of his car and he
never did know the engine number.
He could give the inforniaiicn, hew
ever, that his car was a Ford.
Relief Averts Famine
and Epidemic in Serbia
Washington, May 4. The food
famine and typhus epidemic which
threatened Serbia have been averted
through the work of the United
States food administration and the
American Red Cross forces, the
headquarters of the latter agency
was notified today in a message
fiom Red Cross headquarters at
Police Gather: in Eleven
Men in Raids on Hotels
Eleven men, eight ' of them pro
fessed members of the I. W. W.,
were arrested at Hotel O'Brien when
police raided a crap game there in
the afternoon and the other three
were arrested at the State hotel.
They were all charged with vagrancy
and the last three with drunkenness.
it nec
essary says
Corn Flakes
You'll Liko
"V ' " -
Council Bluffs Men Send Tele
gram to Iowa Homestead
Following Special Edi
tion; Meeting Tonight; -
A special edition of the Iowa
Homestead, bearing no date and
containing about 14 pages of bol
shevism, has been circulated ' in
Council Bluffs during the last few
days. It is the second section of
an attack on the military affairs
bureau of the Chamber of Com
merce that wielded such a whole;
some effect upon a certain class of
Pottawattamie and Council Bluffs
citizens, inducing them to modify
their views concerning the right
eousness of America's entry into
the world war and line up on the
side of all the other home folks who
were loyally supporting the soldier
boys thejr had sent overseas to
fight the Huns. f
No more attention would have
been paid to it than was given the
first blast, which was none at all,
had it not been for the spontaneous
action of a number of Council
Bluffs boys who have returned frjyn
overseas, wounded and keenly aware
of the terrible sacrifices that have
been made and as willing to resent
an attack in the rear as they were
to repel an assault from the enemy
in front. A lot of these boys. Pusey
McGee, Theodore M. Metzger.
Eldon Anderson, Ernest L. Atwood,
Clyde Menerayl Marion F. Starne,
Jesse Rhoades. John Wagner,
Richard Olson, Jens Jensen and . A.
C Larsen, sent this telegram to
the Homestead: f
' Consider it Slander.
"We, wounded and gassed"soldier.s
of Council Bluffs, wish to tell Jim
Pierce, publisher of the Homestead,
that we oppose his last issue of-the
Iowa Homestead, and consider it a
Zander on ourselves and the people
of Council Bluffs, who did all in
their power to make things as easy
as possible for our fathers and
mothers during our absence in
France. We challenge Pierce to
furnish us the names and addresses
of men who will openly tell us they
bought bonds against their will
unwillingly supported the govern-q
ment our buddies died for.
A mass meeting of the newly
formed Rainbow post, War Veter
ans, itas been called at the armory
this evening, and Mr. Pierce may get
si me personal consideration of even"
a stronger character.
A response by wire came from the
Homestead office stating that Pierce
has been confined to hi3 bed for
more than twb weeks by a
operation, and intimating that he
"will be delighted" to meet a com
mittee of the indignant soFdiers
when he is able to go to his office.
The young men are certain he will
meet somebody with ample author
ity to say something. Its tenor may
be surmised by the remarkof one
of the wounded soldiers: "We
whipped, the Huns in France and
if we have to do it in Iowa we're the
lads for the job." ,
"Lost Battalion"
Under Fire of
Frenqh Artillery
New York, May 4. Much of the
withering fire to which the f .mous
"lost battalion" of the 77th division
was subjected during its gallant
stand in the Argonne forest was
from "supposedly friendly artillery."
Maj. Gen. Robert Alexander, com
mander of the 77th, declared in a
statement tonight describing the
work of Lieut. Col. Charles Wh'Hle
sey's men.
"The French." he said, "in ipite of
my determined protest, placed artil
lery fire on the ravine in which the
men were stationed on October 7,
being quite convinced that the com
mand had surrendered."
"Stool-Pigeon" Offers to
Leave Town; Lands in Jail
Charlie John, 613 North Twentieth
street, hitherto employed as a "stool
pigeon" by police and federal agents
in running down dope venders, was
himself placed in jail last night on
complaint of Hugh Bloodsaw, who
was bound over to the grand jury
two weeks ago on John's testimony.
John is held for investigation.
"One good turn deserves " an
other," soliloquized Bloodsaw when
he caused "Jew" John's arest.
Bloodsaw and Ole Jackson, both
colored, were held to the grand jury
cn a charge of violating the Har
rison drug act when John testified
that he had purchased dope front
them. -
Last night, Bloodsaw says, John
came to him and asked for $20 and
a "shot of dope," saying that he,
John, would leave town at once and
be unable to appear against Blood
saw when the grand jury convened
today.. Bloodsaw called the police.
John's case will be investigated
today, by federal officers.
Former Policeman Held
for Shooting at Negro
A. B. Gibson, colored! former po
lice officer, was arrested last night
and charged with disturbing the
peace when he shot at another
negro at Twentieth and Nicholas
streets. The other man has not
been found. Gibson says it was just
a. little argument at first, but that it
grew to large proportions.
Omaha Woman Dies.
Mrs. Sophia Duffield, mother of
Jean Duffield, Omaha pianistdied at
I o'clock Sunday .norning at her
home, 5107 Underwood avenue, aged
72 years. Besides Jean Duffield
there are two surviving children.
Mrs. C. Show of Tecumseh, Neb.,
and N. T. Duffielr of San Diego. Cal
The body will be taken to Eldon.
Ia., for burial, Tuesday.
Horvarth Menaced. ;
Vladivostok, May 4. An attemp
was made recently on the life of
Lieutenant General Horvath, Rus
sian military commander at Har
bin. His assailant attacked him with
bombs, but was seized before he had
carried out his purpose. '
(CuntlnMd From Paca Ob.)
not wholly without its opera bouffe
setting. " . '
Munich, the gayest and lest fed
of the capitals, still mindful of the
arbitrary export embargo main
tained by Bavaria when Berlin went
hungry, today is marvelling at the
lack of the intrepidity of the Bar
varians and their utter impotence
in the face of a handful of , bo
sheviki. Now that the latter ap
parently have been defeated and
scattered, government circles in
Berlin are not expecting Insurrec
tions in other sections on an equally
violent scale. .
1 ' v
Budapest Besieged
By Forces of Invaders
Vienna, May 4. -(By the Asso
ciated Press.) It is stated in allied
circles that the commanders of
Czech, Serbian and Roumanian
troops have decided not to occupy
Budapest, confining their operations
to' an encirclement of the Hungar
ian capital.
The Budapest soviet government
is making a last effort to build a
red army which, it is roughly esti
mated, will number 100000 officers
and men. Many of these soldiers
are hungry and it is said that prob
ably one-third are willing to fight.
' Alexis Bolgar, representauve of
the Hungarian soviet government,
on returning from Vienna today
from Budapest, 4ound the Hunga
rian legation occupied by counter
revolutionary forces. Bolgar was re
fused admission to the legation. :
It is stated that the officers found
large sums of money in gold and
English and American notes and
also stocks. and bonds at the lega
tion. May Day Ogry of Red.
May day was an orgy of red in
Budapest. Thousands of troops
marched to red music through red
bannered streets. The side.alks
were crowded with men, women and
girls flaunting red ribbons. Street
cars were red, automobiles were led,
railway stations and lamp posts were
red. In squares and on street cor
ners were hung red wooden stands
on which were emblazoned the state
ment: "This is the day of freedom
and world brotherhood."
There also wire numerous im
mense plaster casts of Lenine and
Karl Marx, some of them 20 feet
The red celebration continued all
day and all ' night and red electric
lights added to the crimson hue after
darkness fell. There- were fiery
speeches in different parts of the city
by Bela Kun and other leaders of )he
The total cost of this effort to
make a red letter day for Hungarian
communism was 12,000,000 marks,
taken from the banks of the country.
Capitulation Demanded.
" Berlin, May 4. It is learned here
that the soviet government at
Budapest has been in communica
tion with the French mission at
Vienna, from, which it has received
conditions demanding 'the im
mediate capitulation of the Soviets
and the surrender of all arms and
ammunition and that Budapest be
occupied by a democratic adminis
tration. -The soviet envoy replied that he
was empowered to accept all these
conditions, but his counter proposal
that the personal safety of the mem
bers of the government and their
family should be guaranteed was re
ected. Unite Against Roumania. . .
Paris, May 4. The Temps an
nounces todajt that a wireless mes
sage sent out by the Russian soviet
government gives the text of a
treaty of alliance entered into by
the Ukranian and Russian bolshe
viki against Roumania.
Reuter's Paris correspondent tel
egraphed to London Friday that the
Polish national commission in Paris
announced the conclusion of a con
vention between the Ukranians and
the Russia bolsheviki, under which
18,000 bolshevik troops were march
ing on Hungary.
Opposition to League
V Minly Political is
x Opinion of Marshall
Philadelphia, May 4. Vice Presi
dent Marshall, in an address before
the Academy of Political sciences
here in support of the league of na
tions, declared the covenant did not
infringe upon the rights of the
United States congress and express
ed the opinion that much of the op
position to the plan results more
from political than patriotic, reasons.
Agitation over the Monroe doc
trine was characterized by Mr. Mar
shall as a "tempest in a teapot."
Mr. Marshall said he hoped the
American people always will be
trained to the idea of justice and not
force as the ruling power of the
Physician Removes Tack
From Lung of Oconto Boy
Kearney, Neb., May i. -(Special.)
A very delicate operation was that
recently performed upon the small
son of Mr. and Mrs. R. C Franklin
in Oconto, who had a carpet tack
removed from his lung by a Phila
delphia physician, who used a long
probe, pushed down the child's
throat with a system of mirrors and
lights in finding and securing the
tack. The tack, which had been
sucked down the windpipe by a
cough, was located by X-ray pictures
taken by Kearney and Umaha spe
cialists, who were unwilling to at
tempt 'the operation. The child has
returned to his home completely re
covered. ,
Oil Concern Subscribes
$1,000,000 to Victory Loan
Oklahoma City, May 4. Purchase
of $1,000,000 worth of Victory Lib
erty bonds by the Marland Tiffining
company of Ponca City, Okl. was
announced today. This is said o be
the largest single purchase of Vic
tory Liberty bonds west of the Mississippi.
Hears Voices of Wife and
Children for First Time
in Two Years Over
Col. Matt Tinley, heart-hungering
for home, -could not restrain his
yearning to hear the children's
voices, and at 1 .o'clock Sunday
morning called Mrs. Tinley on the
long distance phone from New York
and talked up a scandalously large
phone bill. He talked to every mem
ber of the family in Council Bluffs
hearing the voices for the first time
in two years.
Colonel Tinley said the expecta
tion was that the boys would leave
New York Tuesday and would ar
rive at Camp Dodge Friday. Word
from Des Moines Saturday night
announced the receipt of a telegram
from Lieutenant Ball,! acting adju
tant of the 168th, that the regiment
would leave Camp Upton Monday,
and that all officers and men had
been ordered to camp to await en
trapment. Colonel Tinley's infor
mation, coming several hours later,
is probably more authentic- If the
men leave today they will reach
Des Moines Thursday.
Ovation Given to D'Annunzio
By Great Audience in Rome
Rome, May 4.,-(By the Asso
ciated Press.) An ovation was giv
en Gabriele, d' Annunzio, the poet, at
a largely attended meeting in the
Augusteum today.
The speaker described Italy "ajf
a living heroine in the midst ,,01
shame," and added that the hatred
arising against Italy "is only hellish
rancor against the vigor of her life."
"Let our eyes be fixed on her
sacred countenance, still crowned
with thorns and wet with sweat and
blood," D' Annunzio exclaimed.
"In spirit the savior, is by our side
and urges us forward!"
South Side Brevities
One Jersey cow for sale; gentlo to rope
and halter and milk. Tel. So. 4671.
We sell everything on earth. Home
stead Grocery. Telephone, South 4038..
Dr. Cox, dentist. New location, 332 Se
curities Bids., Sixteenth and Farnam Sts.
Express and light hauling. Call K. &
Z Auto Express, So. 8089 or So. S7S0. Adv.
Buy your Victory Liberty notes on our
easy payment plan. Live Stock National
Bank, 14th and N. -
For Sale Piano, stoves, chairs and bed.
Liberty bonds accepted, Sam Merrlman,
2012 P street. Tel. South 28C0.
A well-built 6-room, strictly modern cot
tage, Highland park district: must sell at
once. Owner leaving city. Call So. 1469.
442B South Twenty-seventh street, pays
high prices for rags and all kinds pi
Junk and second hand furniture. Call
South 1668. We call for any order.
"We now have a fresh supply it Scranton
"Hard Coal." Our advice Is: Order your
next winter's supply now, and te safe.
Kratky Bros., 4806 South 24th street,
Phone So. 10 and So. 400.
NET CARLOAD SALE was such a success
that we have decided to sell another car
load, and as a special Inducement we are
going to give away, free, with every cabi
net, a $, 11 -piece set of aluminum ware.
We have a limited number of sets, so be
sure and come early, and remember, sale
terms and prices for this week only. ,
On Saturday, May 8, we Invite you to
attend the spring opening of our base
ment. Come and Inspect our basement,
shop around, you will save money on
everything you buy. Every table from
front to the back crowded full of spring
and summer merchandise at bargain
On sale Saturday, May 3.
American prints calicos, yd 11c
36-ln. bleached and unbleached mutllns,
regular 25c grade, yd 134c
Ladles' knit union suits, each 45c
Bed sheets, 72x90 size, seamless, worth
$2. each 51. id
Men's work shirts, each 4!c
Men's and ladies' hose, pair 12Hc
Apron ginghams, staple checks, yd,13Hc
Men's overalls, worth to 82, pair.. 79c
Men's felt hats, new styles, worth to
13, each M.39
And hundreds of others. Visit Wllg
Brothers' Basement.
Radius Rods
IT is possible and cheaper to build
trucks without RADIUS RODS, but
all GMC Trucks have them because we
know that they are of vital importance
To fully realize what RADIUS RODS
mean to a truck, consider what they are
and what they do.
The power which drives the truck is transmitted
from the engine to the rear wheels and the track
and load are literally pushed.
without RADIUS RODS the "driving posA" Is
transmitted, to the truck frame thru the rear
springs.. Springs cannot stand this constant strain ,
and do their work properly. The riding quality
of the truck is cut down, and all track parts suffer.
With RADIUS RODS "driving push" is trans
nutted to the frame thru the rods, and the springs
are free to do then one important work.
RADIUS RODS also act as an anchorage for ths
rear axle, holding it in proper place giving the axle
rull motion, but to a limit which insures safety.
To equip GMC Trucks with RADIUS RODS incurs
additional expense, but their purpose and result
amply justifies the cost. It returns many fold in
tow maintenance and greater truck dependability.
Ut Your Next Truck Be a CMC
Nebraska Buick Auto Co.
Omaha - Lincoln Sioux City
Buick Cars
GMC Trucks -
fIW Talk Xa. Z Wakh for True TH Wbt")
- (Continued From Face) One.)
completely equipped hospital in it
self. A huge restaurant range in the
kitchen car, and other " spotless
equipment, not to mention a large
refrigerator filled with the most
tempting delicacies procurable, in
sure fit nourishment for the wound
ed men. Before leaving the train
e i : .L. - 4
ouiiuay luurning wic were
served breakfast consisting of grape
fruit, shredded wheat and cream,
ham and eggs, bread and butter and
coffee. A menu for dinner to be
served at noon read as follows:
Roast turkey, cranberry sauce, mash
ed potatoes and gravy, creamed
cauliflower, olives, celery, sweet
pickles, hot mince pie, coffee, as
sorted nuts and figs, stuffed dates
and candies.
Plenty to Eat.
The evening meal was nonethe
less promising, with sliced boiled
ham, potato salad, bread, jam and
c-oc late, on the menu. Assorted
candy and crackerjack is passed
through the cars at frequent inter
vals, the men' say. The Monday
meal, which was also listed on the
menu, looked no less tempting.
Capt. G. P. Boyle had charge of
the train. Under him were 28 en
listed men, specially trained to care
for the wounded soldiers. Three
other commissioned men, including
Maj. T . E. Tefft, sanitary inspector,
were accompanying the men to their
destination. " .
Australia to Finance
o i ! iin o ..i
ooiaiers wno oetue
Upon Public Lands
Melbourne, Australia, May 4.
The Australian government has as
sured the state an advance of $3,125
for every returned soldier who set
ties on the land and between $150,
100,000 and $200,000,000 for expen
diture on public works or for the
acquisition of land in order to give
employment to repatriated Anzacs,
according to an announcement made
by the minister of repatriation.
It, had been planned for the com
monwealth government to under
take the direct work of settling sol
diers upon the land and giving them
employment upon public works, but
the federal cabinet has found that
there is no law authorizing the fed
eral government to undertake land
purchases of to build railways and
public works of like character.
Fremont Teachers Get 10
. Per Cent Raise in Salary
Fremont, Neb., May 4 (Special.)
A raise in salary, amounting to
about 10 per cent, has been granted
Fremont school teachers. The min
imum is based on $750 a year for
first-year teachers. Grade teachers
their fourth- year will receive $1,080.
High school teachers received $950
the first year aqd $1,260, the maxi
mum, for the fourth.
Oregon "Over the Top,"
Portland, Ore., May 4. Oregon,
with a Victory loan quota of $26,
747,550, exceeded its allotment last
night by an over-subscription that
has not yet been estimated. It is
the first state on the Pacific coast
to achieve the distinction of going
"over the top" in the present loan
There's No Use
"Ifs Wonderful"
7 fV'-'-:
June 28, 1904
Aug. 31. 1915
Mar. 14, 1916
Feb. 19, 1918
THE tire that delivers the engine's full
power to the road. Its side air-pockets
give it a leach-like tractiorgrip, break up
the tire-wrecking traction wave and enable
the resilient rubber segments to expand
as the rear edge of each is released from
road contact, propelling the truckforwaro! "
instead of holding it back. '
That this means increased mileage, de
creased gasoline consumption and general
economy of operation is the testimony of
some of the biggest fleet-owners in America.
2578 Harney Street, Omaha.
If V
"Keep "j! i!' rht
1 -? v
J . i vo.Ar W
V V -2'