Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 05, 1919, Page 2, Image 2

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"This Is Not Party Issue and
No Party Will in Long
Run Dare Oppose
It" Wilson.
ifonlinnrd from Taga Oar)
will not permit it.' And the vision
has been with the people.
"My friends, I wish you would re
flect upon this proposition. The
vision as to what is necessary for
Kreat reforms has seldom come
from the top in the nations of the
world. It has crmie from the needs
and the aspiration and the self-assertion
of great hodies of men who
meant to be free. And I can ex
plain some of the criticisms which
have been leveled against this great
enterprise only by the supposition
that the men who utter the criti
cisms have never felt the great im
pulse .of the heart of the world.
Voices Amazement and Warning.
"And I am amazed not alarmed,
but amazed that there should be
in some quarters such a compre
hensive ignorance of the state of
the world. These gentlemen do
not know what the mind of men is,
just now. Everybody else does.
J do not know where they have
been closeted, I do not know by
what influences they have been
blinded; but I do know that they
have been separated from the gen
eral currents of the thought of man
kind. "And I want to utter this solemn
warning, not in the way of a threat;
the . forces of the world do not
threaten, they operate. The great
tides of the world do not give no
tice that they are going to rise
and run; they rise in their majesty
and overwhelming might and those
who stand in the way are over
whelmed. Now the heart of the
wcrld is awake and the heart of the
world might be satisfied.
"Do not let yourselves suppose
for a moment that the uneasiness
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Omaha Distributor
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Douglas 530. (In Business Since 1894) Douglas 630.
in the populations of Europe- is due
entirely to economic causes cr
economic motives; something very
much deeper underlies it all than
Cause of War.
"They see that their governments
have never been able to defend
them against intrigue or aggression,
and that there is no force of fore
sight or of prudence in any modern
cabinet to stop war. And, there
fore, they say, 'there must be some
fundamental cause for this, and the
fundamental cause they are begin
ning to perceive to be that nations
have stood singly or in little jealous
groups against each other, foster
ing prejudice, increasing the dan
ger of war, rather than concerting
measures to prevent it; and that if
there is right in the world, if there
is justice in the world, there is no
reason why nations should be di
vided in the support of justice.
"They are therefore saying if you
really believe that there is a right,
if you really believe that wars ought
to be stopped, stop thinking about
the rival interests of nations and
think about men and women and
children throughout the world.
"Nations are not made to afford
distinction to their rulers by way of
success in the maneuvers of politics;
nations are meant if they are meant
for anything, to make the men and
women and children in them secure
and happy and prosperous and no
nation has the right to set up spe
cial interests against the interests of
mankind, least of all this great na
tion which we love.
World Counts on U. S.
"It was set up for the benefit of
mankind; it was set up to illustrate
the highest ideals and to achieve
the highest aspirations of men who
wanted to be free; and the world
the world of today believes that
and counts on us, and would be
thrown back into the blackness of
despair if we deserted it.
. "I have tried once and again, my
fellow citizens, to say to little cir
cles of friends or to larger bodies,
what seems to be the real hope of
the peoples of Europe and tell you
frankly I have not been able to do
so, because when the thought tries
to crowd itself into speech, the pro
found emotion of the thing is too
much; speech will not carry. I have
felt the tragedy of the hope of those
suffering peoples.
"It is tragedy because it is a hope
which cannot be realized in its per
fection, and yet I have felt besides
its tragedy, its compulsion, its com
pulsion upon every living man to
air every influence that he has to
the utmost to see that as little as
possible of that hope is disappointed,
because if men Cannot now, after
this. agony of bloody sweat, come to
their self-possession and see how to
regulate the affairs of the world, we
will sink back into a period of strug
gle in which there will be no hope,
and therefore no mercy. There can
be no mercy where there is no hope,
for why should you spare another
if you yourself expect to perish.
Why should you be pitiful if you
can get no pity? Why should you
be just if upon every hand, you are
put upon?
Learned Lessons From Soldiers.
"There is another thing which I
think the critics of this 'covenant
have not observed. They evidently
have not observed the temper ot
those splendid boys in khaki that
they sent across the seas. I have
had the proud consciousness of re
flected glory of those boys because
the constitution, made me their com
mander-in-chief and they have
taught me some lessons. When we
went into the war we went into
it on the basis of declarations.
which it was my privilege to utter,
because i believed them to be an
interpretation of the purpose and
thought of the people of the United
"And those boys that went over
there with the feeling that they
were secredly bound to the realiza
tion of those ideals; that they were
not only going over there to beat
Germany; they were not going over
there merely with resentment in
hearts against a particular outlaw
nation; but that they were crossing
those 3,000 miles of sea in order, to
show to Europe that the United
States, when it became necessary
naaiani bump-cgi-nut. rinett-d
Grade. Franklin Co., fQ OA
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Centerville Block,
large chunks.per ton
Cherokee Nut, the Quality kind
Large domestic size, g Jg
(K,tirtrJ-U. S. Pit. Offk)
would go anywhere where the
rights of mankind were threatened.
Rush of Spirit.
"They would not sit still in the
trenches. They would not be re
strained by the prudence of exper
ienced continental comanders. They
thought they had come over there
to do a particular thing and they
were going to do it, and do it at
once. And just as soon as that
rush of spirit as well as rush of
body came in contact with the lines
of the enemy, they began to break,
and they continued to break until
the end.
"Thev continued to break, my fel
low citizens, not merely because of
the physical force of those lusty
youngsters, but because ot the ir
resistible spiritual torce ot the arm
ies of the United States. It was
that they felt. It was that that awed
them. It was that that made them
feel, if these youngsters ever got a
foothold, they could never be dis
lodged, and therefore, every foot of
ground that was won was perma
nently won for the liberty ot man
kind. "And do you suppose that, having
felt that crusading spirit of these
youngsters, who went over there,
not to glorify against, but to serve
their fellowmen, 1 am gomg to per
mit myself for one moment to slack
en in my ettort to be worthy ot tnem
and their cause? What I said at
the opening I said with a deeper
meaning than perhaps you have
caught; I do mean not to come back
until it s over, over there and it must
not be over until the nations of the
world are assured of the permanency
of neace.
"Gentlemen on this side of the
water would be very much profited
by getting into communication wnh
some gentlemen" on the other side
of the water. We sometimes thtnk
that the experienced statesmen of
the European nations are an unus
ually hard-headed set of men, by
which we generally mean, although
we do not admit it, that they are a
mit cynical; that they say 'this is a
verv oractical world,' by which you
always mean that it is not an ideal
world; that they do not believe that
things can be settled upon an ideat
basis. Well, I never came into inti
mate contact with them before, but
if they used to be that way, they
are not that way now.
"They have been subdued, if that
was once their temper, by the awful
significance of recent events and the
awful importance of what is to en
sue, and there is not one of them
with whom I have come in contact
who does not feel that he cannot in
conscience return to his people from
Paris unless he has done his utmost
to do something more than attach
his name to a treaty of peace. Every
man in that conference knows that
the treaty of peace in itself will be
inoperative,, as Mr. Taft has said,
without this constant support and
energy of a great organization such
as is supplied by the league of na
tions. Scores Critics of League.
"All men who, when I first went
over there, were skeptical of the
possibility of forming a league of
nations, admitted that if we could
but form it, it would be an invalu
able instrumentality through which
to secureethe operation of the var
ious parts of the treaty; and when
that treaty comes back gentlemen
on this side will find the covenant
not only in it, but so many threads
of the treaty tied to the covenant
that you cannot dissect the covenant
from the treaty without destroying
the whole vital structure. This
structure of peace will not be vita!
without the league of nations, and
no man is going to bring back a ca
daver with him.
"I must say that I have been
puzzled by some of the criticisms
not by the criticisms themselves, I
can understand them perfectly even
when there was no foundation for
them; but by the fact of the crit
icism. I cannot imagine how these
gentlemen can live and not live in
the atmosphere of the world.
"I cannot imagine how they can
live and not be in contact with the
efforts of times, and I particularly
cannot imagine how they can be
Americans and set up a doctrine of
careful selfishness, throughout to the
last detail. I have heard no counsel
of generosity in their criticism; I
have heard no contructive suggestion
I have heard nothing except, 'Will it
it not be dangerous to help the
world?' It would be fatal to us not
to help it.
"From being what I will venture
to call the most famous and the
most powerful nation in the world,
we would of a sudden have become
the most comtemptible. So, I did
not need to be told, as I have been
told, that the people of the United
States would support this covenant.
I am an American and I knew they
Revenge Upon World.
"What a sweet revenge it is upon
the world. They laughed at us once.
they thought we did not mean our
profession of principles. They
thought so until April, 1917. It was
hardly credible to them that we
would do more than send a few
men over and go through the forms
of helping, and when they saw mul
titudes hastening across the sea, and
sw what those multitudes were
eager to do when they got to the
other side, they stood amazed and
said, 'The thing is real, this nation
is the friend of mankind as it said it
was.' The enethusiasm, the hope, the
trust, the confidence in the future
bred by that change of view is in
"Take an individual American and
you may often find him selfish, and
confined to his Special interests, but
take the American in the mass and
he is willing to die for an idea. The
sweet revenge, therefore, is this, that
we believed in righteousness, and
rrow we are ready to make the su
preme sacrifice for it, the supreme
sacrifice of throwing in our fortunes
with the fortunes with men every
where. "Mr. Taft was speaking of Wash
ington's utterance about entangling
alliances and if be will permit me to
say so, he put the exactlv right in
terpretation upon what Washington
said, the interpretation that is in
evitable if you read what he said, as
most of these gentlemen do not and
the thing that he longed for was
just what we are now about ready
to suoply; an arrangement which
win disentangle an the alliances in
the world.
, Alliances Abolished.
"Nothing entangles, nothing en
meshes a man except a selfish com
bination with somebody else.
Nothing entangles-a nation, ham
pers it, binds it, except to enter into
a combination with some other na
tion against the other nations of the
world. And this great disentangle
ment of all alliances is now to be
accomplished by this covenant, be
cause one of the covenants is that
no nation shall enter into any rela
tionship with another nation incon
sistent with the covenants of the
league of nations.
"Nations promise not to have alli
ances. Nations promise not to
make combinations against each
other. Each agrees there shall be
but one combination and that is the
combination of all against the
wrongdoer. And so I am going
back to my task on the other side
with renewed vigor. -I had not for
gotten what the spirit of the Ameri
can people is, but I have been im
mensely refreshed,by coming in con
tact with it again. I did not know
how good home felt until I got
"The only place a man can feel at
home is where nothing has to be
explained to him. Nothing has to
be explained to me in America, least
of all the sentiment of the Ameri
can people.
"I mean about great fundamental
things like this. There are many
differences of judgment as to pol
icyand perfectly legitimate, some
times, profound differences of judg
ment, but those are not differences
of sentiment, those are not differ
ences of purposes, those are not
differences of ideals. And the ad
vantage of not having to have any
thing explained to you is that you
recognize a strone explanation when
you hear it.
Unmoved by Criticism.
'In a certain rather abandoned
part of the frontier at one time, it
was said, they found a man who told
the truth; he was not found telling
it, but he could te'.l it when he heard
it, and I think I am in that situa
tion with regard to some of the
criticisms I have heard. I hey do
not make any impression on me
because I know there is no medium
that will transmit them, that the
(sentiment of the country is proof
against sucn narrowness ana mhu
selfishness as that. I commend these
gentlemen to communion with their
tellow citizens.
"What are we to say, then, as to
the future? I think, my tellow siti
zens, that we can look forward to it
with great confidence. I have heard
cheering news since I came to this
side of the water about the prog
ress that is being made in Fans to
wards the discussion and the clari
fication of a great many difficult
matters; and I believe that settle
ments will begin to be made rather
rapidly from this time on at those
Gathering Heart.
"But what I believe, what I know
as well to believe, is this: That the
men engaged in those conferences
are gathering heart as they go. not
losing it; that they are finding com
munity of purpose and community
of ideal to an extent that perhaps
they did not expect; and that amidst
all inter-play of influence because
it is infinitely complicated amidst
all the inter-play of influence, there
is a forward movement which is
running towards the right. Men
have at last perceived that the only
permanent thing in the world is
the right, and that a wrong settle
ment is bound to be a temporary
settlement bound to be a tempor
ary settlement for the very best
reason of all, that it ought to be a
temporary settlement and the spir
its of men will rebel against it and
the spirits of men are now in the
"When I was in' Italy, a little limp
ing group of wounded Italian sol
diers sought to interview me. I
coiiTd not conjecture what it was
they were going to say to me and
with the greatest simplicity, with a
touching simplicity, they presented
me with a petition in favor of the
league of nations. Their wounded
limbs, their impaired vitality were
the only argument that they brought
with them. It was a simple request
that I lend all the influence that I
might happen to have to relieve
future generations of the sacrifices
that they had been obliged to make.
People Crying for League.
"That appeal has remained in my
mind as I have ridden along the
streets ,of European capitals, and
heard cries of the crowd, cries for
the league of nations from lips of
people, who, I venture to say, had
no particular notion of how it was
to be done, who were not ready to
propose a plan for a league of na
tions, but whose hearts said some
thing by way of a combination of
all men everywhere must come out
of this.
"As we drove along country roads
weak old women would come out
and hold flowers to us. Why should
they hold flowers up to strangers
from across the Atlantic? Only be
cause they believed that we were the
messengers of friendship and of
hope, and these flowers were their
humble offerings of gratitude that
friends from so great a distance
should have brought them so great
a hope.
"It is inconceivable that we should
disappoint them, and we shall not.
The day will come when men in
America will look back with swell
ing hearts and rising pride that they
should have been privileged to make
the sacrifice which it was necessary
to make to combine their might and
their moral power with the cause of
justice for men of every kind every
where. ' "God, give us strength and vision
to do it wisely. God, give us the
privilege of knowing that we did it
without counting the cost and be
The Livestock Producer Wants
-The highest prices his cattle will bring.
-An assured market 12 months in the year.
-Selling outlets that cover the entire world.
These things Armour and Company
the Armour organization has kept pace
When Armour began turning waste parts into
saleable by-products, the farmer profited because
it became possible to pay him on a basis for the
whole animal, instead of for just the meat, hide
and tallow. And as by-products provide for a
large part of the production cost, the consumer
pays less for his meat.
When Armour and Company started building
refrigerator cars on a large scale, fresh beef, pork
and mutton became at once available at all seasons
and in all consuming centers. And with Armour
branch houses to hold enough to make them inde
pendent of railroad uncertainties, and to distribute
according to retailers' requirements, stock-growers
have the encouragement of sure markets and
consumers are assured a steady always-dependable
There is nothing to prevent any packing con
cerns from building and operating their own
cause we were true Americans, lov
ers of liberty and of doing right."
(Continued from I'are One)
took the center of the platform.
The president stepped forward and
bowed to all sides ot the house. Air.
Taft then stepped forward and ac
knowledged the cheers. Cleveland
H. Dodge called for three cheers
for President Wilson and three more
for Mr. Taft. They were given with
a will. Then some one in the house
called for three more cheers for the
president and the audience burst
forth into another wave of applause.
Enrico Caruso, introduced by Gov
ernor Smith, sang the "Star Spang
led Banner.".
Taft Introduced by Governor.
Governor Smith opened his speech
by paying a tribute to the part the
New York soldiers had played in the
"The war is not yet won, he said,
"and will not be until the Golden
rule is written into the international
law of the world."
He introduced Mr. Taft as the
"man who had worn the purple ol
the president of the United States
and with grace and honor."
The president smiled broadly
when Mr. Taft referred to the reso
lution introduced in the senate last
night by Senator Lodge, proposing
rejection Of the league of nations
tonstitution as now drawn.
"If the president insists as. I hope
he will," said Mr. Taft, "that .the
league be incorporated in the peace
treaty, and brings it back, then the
responsibility for postponing peace
Isn't it about time to
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the 'winter?
One doesn't feel right
these bright fresh days
when he has to wear
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have them dry cleaned
they will wear enough
longer to more than pay
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Now is also a good
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Guy Liggett, President
is with the body that refuses to
ratify it."
Washington's Meaning.
Referring to the argument against
a league that participation by the
United States would be in opposi
tion to the principles hid down by
George Washington, Mr. Taft de
clared he believed Washington, if
he lived today, would be "one of the
most earnest and pressing ones for
the covenant."
Washington's attack on entang
ling "alliance" he said, was' an at
tack on "defensive and offensive al
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There is nothing of the commonplace
Materials of quality, together with
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No Extra Charge for Alterations.
Mr. Robert Nicoll
Our Representative in New York City,
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. Spring style tendencies1 will find Mr. Nicoll's
suggestions exceedingly helpful.
The Meat Consumer Wants
Meat at the lowest prices it can he bought.
A stabilized supply,winter and summer alike.
Distribution that brings the meat fresh,
sweet and in prime condition.
are able to provide, because
with international needs.
refrigerator cars. Nor are they barred from con
ducting their own branch distributing houses.
The big point is that Armour and Company,
realizing that a national business could not be
conducted except on a national scale, have built
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Time, and the utmost in co-ordination and ef
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liances with one nation against an
other." Mr. Wilson was cheered for thr
minutes while the band played "1
Won't Come Back Till If Ovei
Over There."
"I accept the' invitation the haw,
has just played," said Mr. Wilson
"1 will not come back till it's ovei
over there."
To ft Ui imme, rail fur full dim I.AX1T1M
UROMO U1IN1NE TabltU. took for ilgiutura s
E. W. GROVE. Cunt Cold n Ono SIK
Don't Change Your Husband. Adv
3 C!
AB M 0 U e m C O r2 PANY
, General Manager