Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 01, 1919, Image 1
A St I ) J i. R1EF RIGHT REE Z Y BITS OF NEWS AIRPLANES TO CARRY FOODSTUFFS TO BELGIUM London, Jan. 31. The govern ment hai alloted a squadron tf military airplanes to convey food stuffs to Belgium for the relief of the population. The service, which is to be daily, will begin immediate ly between Folkestone and Ghent. EX-KAISER DECIDES TO LET HIS BEARD GROW. Amerongen, Jan. 31. .The former German emperor's barber returned today, his services being no longer required as Count William Hohen lollern has definitely decided to wear a full beard always. The barber. Otto Kruger, has been for several years in close attendance j uposi the former monarch, accom panying him on every journey and shaving him daily. ARCHIE ROOSEVELT AIDS IN CAPTURE OF ROBBER New York, Jan. 31. Capt. Archi bald Roosevelt, son of the late Col. Theodore Roosevelt, aided a police man today In capturing an alleged robber after a street chase in which the patrolman shot Frank Marcello, the fugitive. Several armed men had held up a Columbus avenue jeweler in his store and were escaping with jewel ry when the policeir-an commandeer " ed a passing automobile and gave chase. There was an exchange of pistol shots and Marcello fell wound ed, but fought when the officer came up. Captain Roosevelt, who was mailing a letter nearby, aided in subduing him. DEMAND TRIAL OF HUN -WHO BURNED LOUVAIN. London, Tan. 31. (By Universal Service.) The Belgian newspapers are demanding the trial of General vonv Manteuffel, who ordered the burning of Louvain in 1914, according to a dispatch to the Express from Brussels. The German general is now a prisoner. In the fire 1,400 houses were destroyed. MASTER TAILORS PUT BAN -ON VISIBLE "TUMMY." Atlantic City, N. J., Jan. 31. (By Universal Service.) The American male who wishes to be modish has a choice between going into training to reduce his' adipose tissue and wearing corsets. This vs deter mined when the National Associ ation of Merchant Tailors in solemn convention assembled decided to day that men's clothes are to bt skin tight and "high waisted" whatever that means. Of course, those young Americans whose waists have grown lean while their muscles grew nara in ineir cuuimy s service will not have to worry. They require neither reductionJnor cor sets. But for the corpulent the ordained tight fitting, snug waisted garments may cause loss of sleep. From evening clothes to sack busi ness suits the ordained style is to prevail. Overcoats are to frown up on their owners possessing such a thing as "tummy," for they, too, are to be snug, ..especially, at the waist. WAR DEPARTMENT APPLIES OFFICIAL GAG. Washington, Jan. 31. Senator Overman, chairman of the senate i committee investigating German prcpaganda, tonight gave out. a copy of an order issued at the War de partment forbiding officers or em ployes of the military intelligence bureau from 'giving information in their custody to senators, represent atives or congressional committees without the approval of the secre tary of war. ALREADY FIX AIR. RATE ON PASSENGER TRAFFIC . New York, Jan. 31. (By Univer sal Service.) A person will be able after the middle of February to fly by airplane, from New York to Philadelphia for $15 and from New York to Washington for $25, accord ing to. .announcement made today by Joseph M. Kahn, one of the organizers of the aero development company. The new company is organized titid will be incorporated in a few days, Kahn said, and already has made arrangements , for landing places in the three cities. Contracts have been made, he declared, for carrying light freight, and all the tno.tey required for the venture has been promised by responsible men who are .backing the company. BRYAN GLOATS OVER WETS'" REFUGE IN REFERENDUM. Baltimore, Jan. 31. (By Universal Service.) William Jennings. Bryan is perfectly willing to trust the American people to use the initiative and referendum on the liquor ques tion j-ist as soon as it becomes a part of the constitution of every city and state in the country and the na tion, he said today. . Mr. Bryan is firm in his opinion that the American Jfeople will never vote liquor back. While discussing many phases of the prohibition amendment and the initiative arid referendum, he paid his respects to the "wet" lawyers and charged that they are now for the initiative and referendum after having fought it for 15 or 20 years because they see in it a hope to revive the liquor question. BRITISH FLAG RAISED OVER CITY OF STRASBOURG Strasbourg, Jan. 31. Two British gunboats arrived here today. The British flag now floats over the city. aaB a ,Barcn Rothschild, Noted Brussels Banker, is Dead Paris, Jan. 31. Baron Lambert Rothschild, a leading Brussels bank er, who aided in the formation of the Belgian relief commission, died in Faris yesterday. Aniline Plant Blown Up. Nyack, N. Y., Jan. 31. During explosions and fire which today wrecked the Nyack plant of the American Aniline Products company of New York City one man was killed and 13 other employes were injured. Several persons have -not leen accounted for. The property loss is estimated at about $1,000,000. u Hps. - (I )) NO V VJLt. to 1JQ.- omm j ! """""I I I'linw-mn-Ti-n nsl wmJk wnmii WILSON'S nn i iniro ruLiijitd AMAZING Republicans Voice Opposition to Agreement Binding U. S. to Help Maintain Order in Old World. Washington, Jan. 31. Vigorous opposition was voiced in the senate today by republican leaders to the plan for dealing with captured Ger man colonies and occupied termor ies in Asiatic Turkey, which press dispatches from trance yesterday said had been presented to the peace conference by President Wi! son. Democratic spokesmen said they could not believe reports that the president had proposed permanent internationalization of the terntor ies and urged support of the Amer ican peace delegates. Some repub lican senators pointed out that the official communication issued by the conference said a plan for disposi tion had been provisionally agreed upon. i Criticise Conference. Tne debate continued for two hours and during its course republican lead ers renewed their criticism of the plan for a league' of nations,, the delay in concluding peace with Germany, "secret diplomacy" and other ques tions connected with the peace con ference. Senator Lodge of Massa chusetts, the republanc leader, de clared that statements in dispatches from special newspaper correspond ents at Paris, that the United States would be required to help maintain order in the captured territories was "absolutely unbelievable." Senator Knox of Pennsylvania as serted that the internationalization plan proposed "a stupendous and preposterous undertaking" while Senator Johnson of California de clared he would not vote for a treaty requiring American troops to be sent to , Asia or Africa. Senator Vardaman of Mississippi, democrat, suggested that the senate would re ject such a treaty. , Doubts Paris Reports. In reply to the republican attacks, Senator Lewis of Illinois, the demo cratic whip, said he doubted authen ticity of the Paris reports and de clared that disposition of the Ger man colonies as suggested would violate the fundamental principle of self-determination of peoples. He said he believed the actual agree ment merely was for temporary ad ministration of the German colonies by the league of nations until their permanent status could be fixed. Senator Walsh of Montana, demo crat, said he could not believe the American commissioners would ob ligate the United States as suggested" in the press dispatches. Wants Mayo Disciplined. United support for the American commissioners was urged by Sen ator Kirby of Arkansas, demo crat, referring to Admiral Mayo's statement yesterday before the house naval committee that the league of nations was "rapidly Ret ting down to a sewing circle," Sen ator Kirby said if he were president, he would reduce Admiral Mayo in rank. , Would Stamp Out Bolshevism. New York. Jan. 31. Asserting that the time had come "for a re assertion of the American spirit and the calling of a halt to the doctrine of internationalism." Senator Miles Poindexter of Washington urged in an address here tonight at a dinner of the Republican club that the Unit ed States extricate itself as quickly as possible from European politics The government, he-said, should meet every obligation it owes the al lies in the fixing of the peace terms and should contribute its share of such armed force as is necessary "to stamp out, with fire and sword, bolshevism in Europe." These tasks completed, he de clared, the nation should turn all its energies to the interests of America, which he said, lay wholly in the western hemisphere. Asserting that the Monroe doc trine still is a vital and essential pol icy, Senator Poindexter declared that "viloation by use of Europe's sphere of influence must necessarily be followed by Europe's violation of our sphere of influence." Publishers Seek Reopening . of Paper Price Agreement Washington, Jan. 31. At the re quest of the attorney general, the federal trade commission has agreed to reopen the news print paper price agreement, reached last spring, and has set February 11 as the date for a preliminary hearing. The commission said in a state ment today the attorney general had brought to its attention the fact that newspaper publishers, in accordance with the terms of the agreement had presented a claim that lowering costs of production, beginning about August 1, 1918, en titled them to reduction of prices and had asked for a reconsideration. PROCESS REPRODUCES PHOTOGRAPHS The P. 0. mxlar ut (I Minsk S. iV Vast Naval Expansion Policy Meets Approval of Committee of House Three-Year Building Program of Ten Great Battleships and Ten Scout Cruisers Recommended Unless World Disarmament Becomes Certainty Through International Agreement at Paris. 5 Washington, Jan. 31: The ad ministration policy of vast naval ex pansion unless world disarmament becomes a certainty through interna tional agreement at Paris was ap proved today by the house naval committee in unanimously recom mending a three-year building pro gram of 10 great battleships and 10 scout cruisers. Four democrats and two repub licans were understood to have op posed the program as originally out lined, but their approval was given after an amendment was accepted providing that work on the new ships should not begin until after February 1, 1920. Administration leaders said the vote was an en dorsement of the program announc ed by Secretary Daniels for an American navy second to none, un less limitations are imposed on all nations by the peace conference. Should an agreement for such limi tation be reached, the bill provides that the' preseident may stop con struction at his discretion: While the program as recom mended does not authorize the six battle cruisers and and 130 other small craft asked for by the de partment, it was explained that it had been decided to postpone con struction of these vessels until the naval experts could reach agree THREE CHINESE SHOT TO DEATH . Ill VASillNGTOil T. T. Wong, Chief of Educa tional Mission to U. S., and Two. Students Slain in -Their Home. Washington, Jan. 31. Washing ton police tonight were engaged in an attempt to solve the mystery of the killing.of Dr. T. T. Wong.' chief of the Chinese educational mission to the United States, and C. H. Hsie and Ben Sen Wu, students at George Washington university, whose bodies were found tonight in their home in the fashionable Mount Pleasant section. They were last seen alive last Tuesday. Absence of the two students from the university led a fellow student, .Kong Li, who lives nearby, to in vestigate tonight. He entered 'the house through a window and found the body of Dr. Wong on the first flpor. Police were , summoned and the bodies of the two students, were found in the basement. All three men had been shot and physicians who examined the bodies said they probably had been killed Wednes day. Evidence of Struggle. The pistol with which the men had been shot was found on a chair near Dr. Wong's body. Traces of a death struggle were in evidence. A heavy brass table lamp lay on the floor among the shattered remnants of the shade and bulb. A chair in the dining room adjoining was over turned and a brown colored elastic from a garter was on the floor. The bodies of Hsie, who was sec retary and treasurer of the mission, and Wu, confidential secretary to Dr. Wong, were found lying head to head in the furnace room and evi dently had been dragged there. A gas water heater still was burning when officers .entered the kitchen, which also is in the basement. Blood stains were on the kitchen floor and the narrow stairs leading down to it. Dr. Wong had a deen gash in the back of his head and two bullet (Continued on Pago Two, Column Six.) Y. W. C. A. Home for Girls, Gift of Masons, Opened Friday With more than 10 girls already registered for accommodation, the Y. W. C. A. home for employed wo men was formally opened Friday afternoon. Many visitors thronged the home during the reception hours yester day. Hostesses were: Mrs. George F. Gilmore, president of the Y, W. C. A.; Miss Etta Pickering, general secretary; Mrs. W. E. Rhodes, chair man of finance and members of the house committee. Mrs. Alice y. Mason is house manager of the in stitution. The Y. w. C. A. home was for merly the residence of one of the Hayden brothers. It was presented to the Y. W. C. A. by the Scottish Rite Masons and the work of con verting it to its present use begun last fall. The Sunday Bee are the best treat you can give the children. All "The Shenanigan Kids," "Bringing Up Father," Best Funnies to be Found Omaha OMAHA, SATURDAY, nn ment as their designs based on ex perience gained in the war. The agreement of the committee was reached at a long executive ses sion after which Chairman Padgett smilingly announced that the deci sion had been unanimous. Mr. Padgett said the completed naval bill would carry a total of 5750,000,000 of which sum $169,000, 000 would be for ship construction. Work of cempleting the bil for in troduction in the house was expect ed to be finished by tomorrow and Mr. Padgett said he hoped to get the measure before the house next week. Besides providing for the new building program, the bill author izes a temporary naval force of 225,000 men, exclusive of officers, and carries an amendment by Rep resentative Oliver of Alabama, di recting that men who enlisted in the navy during the war for the regular term of four years shall be regard ed as having enlisted for the period of the war, if they apply for such change of status before next July 1. After the committee's decision, it was learned that the navy general board headed by Rear Admiral Fletcher, is studying the question of military characteristics of new ships closely, but has not as yet reached definite conclusions. M'KELVIE TRIES TO GET RELEASE OF tJEDRASKAIJS Visits Secretary Baker in In terest of Soldiers; May All Be Discharged by ' First of March. By a Staff Correspondent. Washington, Jan. 31. Gov. S. R. McKelvie, who has been the recip ient of hundreds - of letters from Nebraska farmers, calling upon him to do something to get their sons discharged from the military serv ice of the United States and permit them to' get back to work on the farms, came to Washington today for a conference with Secretary Baker of the -War department to speed up the discharge of Nebraska boys. The governor, ' who is developing into a first rate, all around hustler, put in one of the most active days of his short -career as state execu tive when he began the program he had outlined for himself today. His interview witlt Secretary Baker developed the fact that the Nebraska soldiers remaining in the camps would all be discharged about March 1, except those needed for guarding the camps. That the men in overseas service would return in units and would have to wait their order for discharge. Interview Satisfactory. "The secretary intimated that 200, 000 men of the overseas forces will have been discharged in January and that 250,000 will be discharged in February," said the governor, as he was preparing to 'leave for Harris burg. Pa. "My interview with Secretary Baker was satisfactory. He undtr stood the interest we have in i?e braska in getting the boys out of the service, now that the war is over, and getting them settled on the farms and in the factories and whatever I can do to aid in the re construction movement will be done." . , Governor MvKelvie called at the Department of Justice in the interest of further assistance in enforcing the prohibition liquor law in Ne braska, which the department agreed to furnish him. Upon the recommendation of the governor, Capt. Walter L. Ander son, who has been in charge of the selective draft work under ex-Governor Neville, has been appointed chief draft officer and will report direct to the provost general, there- (Conttnntd on Pare Two, Column Two.) Father Burns Hands of His Children Vho Played With Matches Chicago, Jan. 31. Because he held the hands of his three chil dren on a hot cook stove until they were severely burned, Joseph Bessinger, a laborer, was fined $200 by Judge Richardson in the municipal court today. The man took this means of punishing his young children because they had set fire to a curtain while play ing with matches. I LIKE ROTOGRAVURE. SEE SUNDAY'S Daily FEBRUARY 1, 1919." -fnai I J Secret Treaty With Rou mania Revealed at Hearing on Serbian Boundary Dispute at Paris. By Associated Press. Paris, Jan. 31. The premiers of Rumania and Seryia, M. Bratiano and M. Pachitch, were heard by the supreme council today on the boun dary issues, the last question lying between them. It developed that an other secret treaty was signed in August, 1916, as a condition of Roumania's entry into the war, under which Roumania was holding all the territory within designated river boundaries. M. Pachitch, on behalf of the Serbs, Croats and Slovens, declared that the Rourmanian treaty was made without knowledge of Serbia, which was largely concerned with it. He evoked the principle of the nation ality which President Wilson has enunciated in support of the claim of the Serbians to the region, where he asserted the Serbs largely ex ceeded the Roumanians. Agreement Expected. Although the hearing showed a sharp difference in views, there is reason to believe that mutual con cessions will lead to an agreement between Serbia and Rumania, or, if not, that a commission mil be ap pointed to deal with the subject. The hearing given to the Serbs today is expected to be followed by the early presentation of the Jugo slav claims to the eastern Adriatic, which involve delicate questions and reader pTbbable a formidable issue with Italy over the Adriatic. In anticipation of this question Prince Regent Alexander of Serbia will arrive here tomorrow for the special purpose of personally laying; Serbia's case before President Wil- j sop. Meantime reports from the re-1 gion in controversy show increasing tension tnere. Fiume Situation Critical. One dispatch from Laibach says the Italian troops have been with drawn from Fiume, the central point of the controversy, and that an iu-ter-allied comnrssion has . taken charge of the city. Another dis patch, from Agram, announces that Serbian battalions have entered Fiume and that the Italians have re tired to a point near Volosoa. These dispatches are unofficial but they are taken as indications of the grow ing acuteness of this issue on the Adriatic coast." There will be no plenary session of the peace conference tomorrow according to an announcement made today. Nine-Year-Old Lad Injured by Speeding ; Auto; Driver Escapes George Bachman, 9 years old, son of G. H. Bachman, a plumber, 4220 Seward street, was struck and per haps fatally injured by an automo bile at Forty-third and Seward streets. last night. The motorist who struck the lad fled. Police say he is known to them and state they will arrest him today. Dr. A. A. Holtman, the attend ing physician said the boy would not recover. He sustained a fractured skull. Everett Bachman, 7 years old, a brother of the injured boy, found the unconscious body lying in the street. A passing automobilist, O. C. Homan, 4121 Harney street, carried the lad into the Bachman residence. He had not recovered consciousness at an early hour this morning. Blood spots on the pavement showed that the boy had been drag ged by the car 100 feet. That the driver of the car was traveling at an excessive rate of speed is appar ent from wheel marks, showing that the car had skidded from a sudden application f of the brakes. Police deduce from this that the driver must have seen the child and made an effort to stop the machine. Order Restored at Barracks. Leavenworth, Kan., Jan. 31. Or der has been completely restored at the United States disciplinary bar racks here, where more than 1,500 prisoners yesterday refused to per form their' usual work as a protest against alleged inequalities of mili tary justice. Colonel Sedgwick Rice, commandant, stated tonight. COUNCIL PROBLEM Colored Comics" the characters so well known to them such as etc., appear each Sunday in the in Any Paper Anywhere B Mill ( mar). BM. S4.M: Suxtav. 12 5(1: TWO TENTS Oallv nd Sun.. 15. JO: oullld, MM. twrn txtri i. V J Vl-iltiO. nn i U V 1 Rickenbacher Describes His Victories in the Air as 7 Simply 60 Per Cent Luck Leading American Ace Announces on Arrival from France His Readiness to Place His Skill and Talents in Flying at Service of Government; Credited Offi 'cially With Bringing Down 26 Airplanes. New York, Jan. 31. Four of America's aces, one" of them tapt. hdward V. Rickenbacher, of Columbus, O., who is officially credited with bringing down 26 enemy airplanes, arrived here late today on the British steamship Adriatic. The others were Major James A. Meiasner of Brooklyn. officially credited with eight machines ; Lieut. Paul F. Baer of Mobile, eight; and Capt. Douglas Campbell of Mount Hamil ton, tal., six. All wore decorations awarded them by the American and allied governments. Captain Rickenbacher, prior to go ing to France, was a well known driver of racing automobiles. His first experience abroad was as chauf feur to General Pershing, but he soon transferred to the air service, because he found motoring in the war zone "too slow." His rise into the "ace" class was rapid, and soon he led America's airmen in the num ber of foes downed. "There is no comparison between the auto and the air," Captain Ric kenbacher said today. "T am through with the automobile and I stand ready to place my skill and talents in flying, if I have any, at the ser vice of my government, commercial ly or otherwise. Like all soldiers, I come home resolved in the future to take more of an interest in the affairs of my country and if I have the chance, I will gladly enter the service again. "In my flying I had no particular system that I can describe, and my THREE OFFICERS OF FORT OMAHA SERIOUSLY HURT Two Lieutenants Expected to Die of Injuries Received in Upsetting of Tour ing . Cari v ; i: - Three army lieutenants from Fort Omaha were seriously injured at midnight Friday when a large tour ing car of the Aero Service, Number 469, carrying five persons, complete ly turned over seven miles out on the West Dodge road, on a curve leading to the Alamito dairy farm. Lieutenant Spaullsbury and an un identified officer are expected to die of their injuries. Lieutenant Davis, the third man injured, suf fered internal hurts. Two other unidentified persons were hurled from the car but escaped serious injury- The three injured officers were rushed to the Fort Omaha hospital by civilian motorists who happened by. Army officials at the local post re fused to give out-any information of the accident until daylight Find Bunch of Hair. Police Surgeon Edstrum and emergency officers made a record run to the scene of the accident and found the army car turned over, ly ing across the road. A bunch of fine hair, similar to a woman's was found under the rear seat. Two hats belonging to army officers were found inside a fence. The sides of the car were spat tered with blood and a pair of chauf feur's gloves smeared with gore was found several feet from the over turned car. Two seat cushions were lying in the ditch. The car was damaged beyond repair. Maj. A. B. Lindquist, army post surgeon, went out to the scene of the accident to meet the two unin jured officers. When he arrived the men were gone. Deep tracks of the wheels of the car on the curve of the road , show that the car skidded 30 feet and made a sudden turn before upsetting. An unidentified person who in formed the police ofthe accident and who was a witness of the affair, said the army car was traveling 45 miles an hour on making the curve. He said the driver applied .the brakes and turned inroad to avoid hitting another automobile going toward Omaha. Union' Heads Direct Mill Workers to Force Eight-Hour Day Issue New York, Jan. 31. Orders di recting 700,000 members of the United Textile Workers of America to establish an eight-hour day Mon day regardless of objections of em ployers, were issued today by the union's executive committee, accord ing to an announcement here - tonight. BEE victories were simply 60 per cent luck. In all my work I used French machines, as did most of the boys. I want to say that the Americans I was associated with were all that could be asked and we were getting better and better as the war went on." He said he would go to Washing ton at once to make the War depart ment a detailed report of his ex periences and observations. Major Meissner, who paid special tribute to the skill and - daring of Captain Rickenbacher, with whom he took part in several combats, also sserted that air fighting was to a considerable extent "a matter of luck." , Paris, Jan. 31. Lieut. Rene Fonck, the leading French ace, has been granted permission by the French government to represent France, at the' annual banquet of the Aero club of America on February 19 in re sponse to av request by the foreign service committee of the club. HO US. TROOPS WILL DE lil AO TO GOTOTURKEY AH Americans Probably Will . Return from Europe When General Peace ' .' .Treaty Is Signed. , .... A, , , . . w. r Paris, Jan. 31. Whatever force may be sent to Turkey for garrison ing purposes, there will be no Amer ican troops among them, it devel oped today. It is pointed out that their use tor this purpose would be inappropriate,, as the United States has never been at war with Turkey. The military committe of the su preme 'council expects within two days to report a plan for t'.ie allot ment among the various nations of the troops to be retained on the western front. It appears that by April 1 there will be IS American divisions remaining on the Hne9, with five divisions ready for em barkation homeward. A month lat er it is expected this aggregate will be reduced by five divisions, cf which 10 will be on the lines and five ready to return. The length of the stay in France of these 10 divisions depends upon the time of the signing of the gen eral peace treaty. It is said that a? soon as that occurs all the American troops probably will be withdrawn The number of American, French and British troops to be maintained in the occupied regions along the Rhine will be limited to 1.000,01)0 men, according to the Echo De Pans. Snow and Really Cold , Weather by Sunday Night Drag in your front porch furni ture and fire up your furnace. Be ginning tonight, frigid weather will cover Nebraska and Iowa, ac cording to the weather forecaster. Temperature climatic conditions that have prevailed over the middle west, will take a decided change for the regular February brand. Increasing cloudiness in the cen tral portions of the Missouri valley win ne tne vanguard tor snow and cold weather this afternoon or night. Sunday will find all Omaha covered with a blanket of snow with fur ther increased coldness, according to the weather man. Sunday night the prediction it is will be considerably colder. Cause of Explosions. Cleaning out a blast furnace last night at the Smelter caused a series of explosions that resulted in numer ous inquiries at newspaper offices. Coal Price Control Discontinued Today by Garfield's Order Washington, Jan. 31. All price control exercised by the fuel ad ministration over anthracite and bituminous coal and coke will cease tomorrow under a blanket order signed by Fuel Administra tor Garfield and made public to- nignt, zoning regulations and practically all rules for the distrib ution of fuel, as well as most regu lations concerning oil and natural gas, promulgated under the Lever act as war measures, also are rescinded. THE WEATHER t Increasing cloudiness Satu followed by snow and colder; day anow and colder. Hourly Temperature. relay, Sun- Hour, Prg-.IIIour. lira. ...! . . ,4rt , . . . . .M . ..4 ... , . t s a. in.. a, m.. . 7 a. m.. . S a. m... a. ni... 10 a. m.. . It a. m.. If m . .x ..33 . .M ..S3 ..St . ST ..39 ..44 1 P t P. S p. P. S p. p. T P. P. n. m. m. ni. I -II - All M I "DIAWi T" LETTEEi Packer and His Attorney ' Disclaim Knowledge , of Source of Tips on Food Plans. Washington, Jan. 31. While un successful efforts were being made before the senate agricultural com mittee today to develop the identity of a person who ent Swift and com pany advance information regarding government activities affecting the meat packing industry, the house in terstate commerce committee was informed by the federal trade com mission that it would furnish the , names of witnesses upon whose tes timony it had made charges of col lusion among the five big packing firms. . Louis F. Swift, president of Swift and company, and Henry Veeder, counsel for the company, were ques tioned before the senate committee about what the writer referred to during the hearing as "Diamond T." One letter-from Thomas F. Logan of Washington, and another letter and- several memoranda unsigned, but purporting to be from "Diamond T," relating to plane of the federal trade commission and the food ad ministration, had been read by Fran cis J. Heney, who was conducting the cross-examination of the wit- nesses for the committee. Both Mr. Swift and Mr. Veeder said they could not recall having previously seen the "Diamond T" correspond ence. Marked "Private." This designation of the corre spondence was given by reason of the fact that one letter had a "T" inside a diamond at the top of the page. This letter was dated Wash ington, June 18, -1917, and told of plans for investigation of food prices. It was. marked "private" and.bore the stamp "Louis F. Swift," with a date two days later. At the top was the notation: "Information received by Mr. Veeder this morning from Diamond T." . Initials of six officials of Swift and company at the top in dicated that copies had been sent to them, Mr. Swift said. ' " The letter said: "At a meeting of the commission today Mr. Davies was placed in charge of the meat packing end of the food administration, Mr. Colver in charge of wheat and wheat pro ducts and the members allotted other phases of the inquiry., "This is under the resolution and appropriation recently passed by congress. . . Flans Disclosed. "The work is to be done as plan ned in conjunction with the Hoover food administration. Mr. ' rJavies will shortly wire for a conference in Chicago. He will .outline the pro cedure and ask for assistance. There will be enough delay to give plenty of time for readiness. It might be suggested that you have in readiness everything bearing on ' high prices and their cause, even though it should not be precisely what is desired.- With your knowledge you should be able to give some ,gor.j leads and suggestions for further in quiry. "Mr. McManus could be helpful at this end if he could get back im mediately. Exchange of telegrams inadvisable. Please destroy this' immediately." "Hurley" in Rough Square. At the bottom of the letter written in ink and inclosed in a rough square was the name ."Hurley." "Who wrote the name 'Hurley' on there?" asked Mr. Heney. "It looks a little like my hand writing," Mr. Swift responded. "When you got something of that sort were you in the habit of con sulting Mr. Hurley?" asked Sena tor Kenyon of Iowa. "No, I might have written 'Ar- (Cootlnuwl ob rK Two, Column Four.) Mandatory System Welcomed as Solution of Colonies ProbI cm London, Jan. 31. The official an nouncement issued bv the nn,. council Thursday night is welcomed by the Times in an editorial as an indication that the controversy over the future of the German colonies is tendinir toward lution. "On the first canital nni'iit" Times says, "the allies and the Unit ed States are absolutely They are unanimous that in no cir cumstances can any colonies be re stored to Germany. "There is everything to be saio for the conception of the mandator system. The principles which it em- Doaies are nothing more than the principles on which our own imper ial system are based and the wide acceptance with which those princi ples meet is really the highest pos sible tribute to the fundamental : trine of the British empire."