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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1919)
1 'a '
BITS OF NEWS
LEAVES GREAT FORTUNE
MADE FROM BUFFALO HIDES.
Chicago, Jan. 7. A fortune of
$3,000,000, amassed in dealing in
buffalo hides before the bison dis
appeared from the plains, is disposed
of in the Will of William C. Loben
stine, filed today. The widow, Hor
ace G. Lobenstine. Detroit; Ralph
VV. Belle Lobenstine, New York,
and Edwin C. Lobenstine and Mrs.
Rose Lobenstein Bebee, Presbyter
ian missionaries in China, share
OF "NATURE FAKERS."
West Park. N. Y., Jan. 7. John
Burroughs, famous American na
turalist and lifelong friend of Col.
onel Roosevelt, in a tribute to his
memory today declared: "He was a
born naturalist, who knew the ani
mal life of the globe as few men do."
Mr. Burroughs said the colonel
and he had made frequent trips to
gether in the woods and fields, and
told how, once, at Pine Knot, Va.,
the colonel identified more than 80
species of birds and fowl, including
two new birds, Berwick's wren and
a rare warbler, unknown even to his
"Mr. Roosevelt was death to 'na
ture fakers.' as he called those writ
ers who falsified nature," said Mr.
Burroughs, "and he dealt them some
crushing blows. - It was almost im
possible Jo deceive him on subjects
of natural history."
MANY GIFTS AT MILAN.
Milan, Jan. 7. During his visit to
Milan, President Wilson received
many gifts. One was a statuette
made of captured Austrian cannon,
representing Italy conquering the
Austrian Black Eagle. Another was
an illuminated volume presented by
jianni Caproni, the airplane manu
. facturer, describing the president as
a "white eagle, the conqueror of
all." The volume was dedicated to
a giant airplane which Caproni is
building for a trans-Atlantic flight.
NEW SPEED RECORD
MADE BY AIRPLANE.
" Cleveland, Jan. 7. A new world's
. lirplanc speed record was set today
n a ti ght from Dayton to Cleveland
by Pilot Eric Springer and Mechani
cian Ernes'; Longchamp in a Martin
bombing plane driven by two lib
erty motors. The 215 miles were
made in one hour and IS minutes,
an average of 172 miles an hour.
LONDON TO PARIS AND
BACK SAME DAY BY AIR,
London Jan. 7. Maj. Sir F. H.
Sykes, chief of the air staff, in an
address before the Chamber of Com.
merce today, told how Paul D.
. Cravath and Oscar T. Crosby.
American members of the inter-'al-
, lied council, had beeii carried from
England to Paris and back the same
day in four hours and. 20 minutes. -General
Sykes said that between.
. July-and October, 207 trips were
made-jstGiioss the .. English channel.
Tiie.niilege traversed was, 3,085 and
? 3 ,643 passengers wife carried al
though flving was possible only on
OMAHA GOLDEN CITY OF GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES OFTHE GOLDEN-WEST
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 48. NO. 175.
Enttrtd ii wcai-eliH alitor May a. IMC. it
Ontht P. 0. air tct t March 3. 1179
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1919.
By Mill (I turl. Dally. U.W (aaday. $2 SO:
Dally uti Sua., S3 .SO: auttlda Nab. aottaaa antra
Fair Wednesday, riling
temperature in afternoon;
Thursday fair and warmer.
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1 a. nt
X a. m.
9 a. in.
1 p. m.
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3 p. nt.
4 p. m.
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6 p. in.
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Auto Industry Performed
Great Feats m War Work
FIGHT AS STATES
RATIFY DRY PLAN
. .. v
Ohio.' Colorado and Oklahoma
in Line for Prohibition;
Distilleries to Attack J,
Chicago, Jan. 7. Three more
atates today ratified the proposed
prohibition amendment, making a
total of 19 states that have endorsed
the proposal of congress. The
house of the Idaho legislature voted
today for the amendment, and if
the senate follows suit, the proposal
will need to be passed by dnly 16
more states. ' ' j
While the proposed addition to
the hasic law was ratified today by
- the legislature of Ohio, Colorado
and Oklahoma, representatives of
the distillery companies of the
, country met n Chicago and decided
to oppose "both the amendment and
the war prohibition law which is to
go into effect on July 1, by every
legal means possible.
The states which have ratified the
prohibition amendment thus far
are: Kentucky, Virginia, Missis
sipppi, South Carolina. North Da
kota, Maryland, Montana, Arizona
Delaware, Texas. South Dakota.
Massachusetts, Georgia, Louisiana,
Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Colorado
Older Than Government.
' The resolution adopted today
stated that there are 500 distilleries
in the country with an aggregate
investment in plants and products
of at least $1,000,000,000; that the
industry actually antedates the c6n
stitution adopted in 1789, and that
the business "has heretofore been
recognized, encouraged N and pro
tected by the United States gov
ernment itself." It was also stated
that there is on hand about 150,
000,000 gallons of whisky and alco
hol, of a total value of about $750,
1 300,000, and that federal and state
' taxes, of at least $5,000,000,000 have
been paid since the enactment of
the internal revenue law 'of 1862.
"....The ' resolutions declared that
carrying out of the wartime prohi
bition legislation and the proposed
amendment would destroy the prop
erty involved and would "violate
every principle of American justice
and of constitutional guaranties."
It was further aserted that con
stitutional lawyers of eminence have
itven their opinions that the pro
posed amendment, "is inherently
vicious and destroys the basic rights
of local self-governfnent which are
;he cornerstones upon which our
constitution and the whole theory
nd structure oN our government
General Strike Proclaimed by
Radicals; Majority Social
ists and Democrats Sup
Paris, Jan. 7. (Havas.) During
the fighting between the Spartacans
and the government supporters in
Berlin Monday, according to dis
patches received here, the Sparta
cans entered the chancellor's palace,
from which they opened fire on the
building of the Vorwaerts. Eich
horn, the Spartacan police chief, is
reported to be fortified in the castle.
Serious fighting occurred in Wil
hclmstrasse and a large number of
Spartacans are reported to have
The independent socialists have
joined the Spartacans and proclaim
ed a general strike in Berlirr. The
majority socialists . and democrats
are supporting the government.
Government Takes Firm Stand.
Berlin. Jan. 7. The government
has decided that it will end the plot
tings of the Spartacus socialists with
the means at present at its disposal
and in a proclamation issued today
instructs its troops to defend the
government, and prohibits gather
ings of groups in the streets.
The street battles continue. Dur
ing the fighting revolvers and hand
grenades have been used. The num
ber of persons killed or wounded is
The Spartacus group has captured
the Spandau arsenal and distributed
arms among its followers. It is
said the government would concern
to a parley with the Spartacus fac
tion provided civilians were dis
armed, occupied buWdfngS. were
evacuated and Chief of Police Eich
horn should give in. The Spartacus
group has captured . the postoffice.
The offices of the Wolff bureau, the
semi-official news agency, have been
transferred to Frankfort.
La Follette Stands
Up for Bolsheviki in
the Land of Russia
; . . . ',
Washington, Jan. 7. Total; deaths
among -the American expeditionary
forces in northern Russia to Jan
uary 4 were given as six officers and
126 men in a cablegram received at
the War department today from Cp.
James A. Ruggles, American mili
tary attache with Ambassador Fran
cis at Archangel. !
Colonel Ruggles said the equipr
ment of the troops was complete,
the health of the troops excellent
and the morale very good. Food
conditions were described as very
good, the greatest defect being lack
of fresh vegetables.
Senator LaFollette of Wisconsin,
republican, speaking today in the
senate, criticised the sending of
American troops to Russia, and de
nied that the soviet government of
Russia is pro-German. He said a
mass of information with docu
ments attesting the reliability of the
bolshevik had been brought out ot
Russia last spring and repeated ef
forts to present them to the Ameri
can government have been without
An extended debate followed, in
which Senator Kenyon of Iowa took
Story of Accomplishments and
Prophecy for Future Told
at Commerce Cham
If there is a pessimist in Omaha
today, one who has a gloomy after-the-war
outlook for the future, busi
ness conditions in this country, it
is because he did not attend the
first annual get-together banquet,
given by the Omaha Automobile
Trade association to nearly 1,000
automobile manufacturers, jobbers
and dealers in the Omaha trade ter
ritory of Iowa, Nebraska and South
Dakota, and their bankers.
The combined dining halls at the
Chamber of Commerce were not
large enough to accommodate the
banquet tables, and the hallway
leading to the dining room was util
ized, and even then a second table
was necessary for many who at
J. T. Stewart II was toastmaster,
and gave the address of welcome on
the part of the Omaha association
to the"-outstate dealers.
Welcome by Mayor.
Mayor Ed. P- Smith delivered the
address of welcome to the city. He
spoke of the development of the
automobile industry and recalled to
r i r"-i
explosion m rum h
Exchange Kills 15 s
and Injuries Score
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 7. Fifteen
persons, mostly women and girls,
were killed and more than a score
others injured here late today when
an explosion wreckedl a film ex
change building at 804 Penn avenue,
in the downtown section. Eight
bodies have been recovered and fire
men report many other bodies are
under the wreckage.
The building in which the ex
plosion occurred is of six stories
and many of the injured were hurt
by jumping from upper floors.
Many firemen were injured? two
when an extension ladder collapsed
and. others by flying glass and
William Bennett, chief of the
Pittsburgh fire department, esti
mates the total loss at $1,000,000.
.Relief Plan Opposed'
by Western Senator
Washington, Jan. 7. Republican
opposition to the $100,000,000 ap
propriation requested by President
Wilson forEuropean relief was
manifested today in both branches
WORK ON PEACE
PLANS TO BEGIN
President Wilson in Paris
Ready for Conferences; Ex
- changes Begun Regarding
League of Nations.
Taris, Jan. 7. President Wilson
has completed his swing through
England and Italy, returning to
Paris at 10 o'clock this morning.
He was accompanied by Mrs. Wil
son and Miss Margaret Wilson.
The, plesident is ready for the
first gathering or the premiers and
statesman of the entente powers,
and the informal conferences will
begin on Thursday or Friday.
The first conferences will be in
the nature of informal exchanges of
views by the various groups having
common interests. These will then
becondensed and reduced to mem
oranda, which the interested nations
will sign and pass to the peace con
ference to be incorporated, if satis
factory in the final terms.
' It is believed that by this method
the great powers can avoid calling
in the representatives of neutral
states and nominal belligerents when
their interests are discussed.
Undw-the present scheme the rep
resentatives of neutral states and the
smaller belligerents will first meet
the representatives of the powers
with whom they have questions
pending, with the object of settling
them, while the others will be free
to confer with those , with whom
they have interests. The confer
ences will concern principally local
questions. It will be a process of
elimination which is expected to re
duce greatly the detailed work of
the general conference.
Basis for League Settled.
As far' as it has been developed
the general scheme for a league of
nations agrees with previous fore
casts. It is learned that the United
States, Great Britain, France, Italy
and Japan will form the nucleus and
will' declare . that the league will
preserve the peace of the world and
instire to all. An arbitral court
will be created and it will be backed
by the combined force of all.
The central powers and neutral
nations, it is added, will be taken
in as probationers as they demon
strate that thejrare a self-governing
people and give evidence of good
faith to abide bv the decisions of
The return .to Paris of President
Wilson, the arrival of Lord Robert
Cecil, the special delegate qf the
British govirnment on the league of
nations, and the presence here of
Leon Bourgeois, the French repre
senative on the same subject,
marked the inauguration of ex
changes on the definite terms by
which the league is to be consti
tuted. Already considerable progress has
been made on the various tentative
proposals put forward, but in the
recent absence of the president
these Have not taken definite form,
ss it is recognized that he person
ally will take a leading part in the
final formulation of the plan. Mean
while, however, the various govern
ments chiefly interested 'are pre
senting outlines in quite definite
Two British plans of this tenta
tive nature have been presented
one by Lord Robert Cecil, the other
by Lieut. Gen. J. C. Smuts, of the
Both of these plans are receiving
careful- study by the American
authorities- and, it is declared both
are regarded in a most favorable
light, though it stil remains to re
duce the general principles to con
- M. Bourgeois plan, embodying
the . French point of view, while gen
memory the "horseless carriage" ex
hibited by Montgomery-Ward & Co.
at the Trans-Mississipii exposition,
using that as a comparison of what
the automobile had done in a few
short years in the commercial development-
of the country, saying
that the telephone, rural delivery
and automobile have been the three
greatest things in removing the
odium of farm life, and encouraging
the drifting of people from the city
to agricultural pursuits.
Chas. Nash, president of the Nash
Motor company of Kenosha, Wis.,
one of the country's largest manu
facturers, spoke for the automobile
men. In the opening he said: "If
there are any pessimists in the
United States who think the auto
mobile busines is dead, they ought
to be here tonight and they would
change their minds."
Second in Country.
He said he wondered if the deal
ers present really appreciated the
vastness of the automobile industry
and the part they are playing in
that industry; that it is the second
greatest industry in the country to
day. He told his audience of the
part the automobile had played in
the war, saying that the sale of
trucks during the past year has
amounted to $1,500,000,000, much of
which was on war orders.
"I would like to ask you," he said,
"how you. think the forces of Eu
rope or the United States would
have been able to combat the Ger
man forces over there if it had not
been for the trucks." General
Goethals, before the signing of trie
armistice, said "give the trucks pre
ference in shipping of almost every
thing, except food, that is to go
across the water."
Mr. Nash also aid the automobile
industry deserved the greatest of
credit for the furnishing of the liber
ty motors, which were being turned
out it the close of the war at the
rate of 200 per day, and soon would
have been used by every allied
country in the war, not only in
areoplanes and trucks but in fight
Link to Consumer.
He told the automobile salesmen
that they were the most essential
part of the -automobile industry, the
link between the manufacturer and
In referring to the financial part
(Continued on Page Two, Column Four.)
(Continued on P Two, Column Eight. death.
BY WORK TRAIN
AND FIVE KILLED
Four Farmers and Babe Lose
Lives in Crossing Acci
dent; Child's Mother
Scottsbluffs, Neb. Jan. 7 (Spe
cial.) Four men and an infant were
killed and a woman, the chTM s
mother, probably totally injured
when an automobile in which they
were riding was struck today by a
work train on the Burlington North
Platte valley line. The dead are:
WILLIAM NICHOLS, aged 48.
J. A. ROSE, 45.
JOSEPH BISSEL, 5S:
K. ONO, Japanese, 40.
SIX-MONTHS' -OLD . CHILD
Mrs. Ono, the only surviving
member of the party," had several
ribs broken and it is feared she sus
tained internal injuries.
The men, prominent farmers re
siding a short distance northwest of
Morrjll, were enroute to this city
to attend the annual meeting of the
North Tlatte Valley Water Users'
association of which they were
members. The 'car was owned and
The party gave no heed to the
warning signals trom the train,
which consisted of three flat cars
loaded with steel rails being pushed
by the engine. The first car struck
the automobile broadside, rolling it
135 feet, crushing it to a mass of
splintered wood and iron.
All of the victims of the accident
were entangled in the wreckage ex
cept the Japanese babe, whose body
was found SO feet from where the
car was struck. It had been in
The men were placed on the way
car of the, train and rushed the
short distance to this city, being
met by physicians and ambulances,
but they died soon after reaching
"Feared Nothing That
Walked Earth," Dakota
Opinion of Roosevelt
Deadwood, S. D., Jan. 7. Capt.
Seth Bullock, soldier, cattleman
and former rough rider, today ex
pressed his great sorrow at the
death of his friend and former
'He fears nothing that walks
the earth,' was said of him when
he was a special deputy sheriff in
Dakota," said Captain Bullock.
"This characteristic was his to the
"Every loyal American has lost
a personal friend. Our nation in
his death sustains its greatest be
reavement since the death of Lin
coln. Civilization mourns at his
fWICKERSHAM CALLS DANIELS' BIG NAVY THREAT
"SHIRTSLEEVE'' DIPLOMACY BLUFF BY WILSON
Men Prominent in Public Life
to Attend Funeral of
Roosevelt Today at
in n .-ii. 0
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Jan. 7. Theo
dore Roosevelt will be buried here
tomorrow as a plain American citi
zen, and not as a former president
of the United States, in accordance
with his own wish. His body will be
laid at rest in a plot of his own
selection in the village cemetery, not
far from the Sagamore hill, which
he loved so well.
The only funeral rites will be the
simple Protestant Episcopal service.
It will be read by the rector of the
little country church where he had
worship with his family. There
will be none, of tfhe pomp and cir
cumstance conuected with the pass
ing of great men, but the presence
of Vice President Marshall, who
will represent President Wilson;
Gen. Peyton C. March, representing
the army, and Admiral C. McR.
Winslow, the navy, will add to the
dignity of the occasion. The con
gressional delegation will number
40 or more.
Gov. Alfred E. Smith and leaders
of both houses of the legislature
will represent New York state.
Taft to Attend Funeral.
A few of the noted men who were
Colonel Roosevelt's closest friends
have been invited to the funeral.
They include Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge and Charles Evans Hughes.
Another mourner will be William H.
Taft, whose friendship for Mr.
Roosevelt had been re-established
more than a year ago. Senator
Lodge and Mr. Hughes are ex
pected to arrive early tomorrow, and
will spend most of the morning
with the family at Sagamore Hill.
The former president's body was
placed tonight for the first time in
the plain oak casket, in which it will
be taken tomorrow to Christ church,
where the services are to be held at
12:45 o'clock. On this casket ap
pears only a brief inscription the
name Theodore Roosevelt and the
dates of his birth and death.
Whether those at the church
would be allowed to pass before
the open casket and look for the
ftSt time upon the face of the for
mer president was not known here
(Continued on Pago Two, Column One.)
Statement by DaJbey That
"Politics Was Adjourned"
Causes Amusement in House
Many Veterans of Real Ability Among Republican
Members; Democrats Claim Dean of the Legis
lature in Soren M. Fries, now Serving
From a Staff Correspondent.
Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 7. (Special.)
When Speaker Dalbey, in address
ing the members of the lower
house of the legislature which con
vened for fhe 37th session today, de
clared so far as the house of repre
sentatives was concerned, "politics
was adjourned," a broad smile illu
mined the faces of many of the old
They realized the republica'n
majority was so large and the demo
cratic majority so small that there
was not enough of the opposition
left to develop any politics of the
kind that has made the opening ses
sions of former legislatures so in
teresting in their possibilities.
The 13 democrats in the house
are not even in a position to de
velop a balance of power if the
harmony of the republican majority,
which has been perfect throughout
the conflict of organization, is
maintained through the session.
Dalbey Efficiency Man.
Among the republican members
are veterans of real ability, men
capable of leadership, and they are
outlining a program of progressive
and constructive legisfation which
they intend to put through before
the session ends.
Speaker Dalbey is a fiend for
efficiency and he has announced that
he will be impatient with speech
making of the forensic kind, speech
making that dwells on Julius
Caesar and reviews Roman history
and all the classics. He says he
will stand for full discussion where
debate is germane to a bill or reso
lution but will afford no opportuni
ties for the development of budding
genius on the part of amateur Pat-
t-Jr-L- T-Tn-,rc r Tasini..., .1 T..1.a
He will not give much opportunity
tor the night ot the spread eagle.
Democrats in the house claim
the dean of the legislature in the
person of Soren M. Fries, farmer
from Dannebrog, Howard county,
who is now serving his seventh con
Member of House Is Deaf.
A silent, but effective member of
the house will be Charles T. Jenkins,
stock breeder, of Haigler, who rep
resents the 69th district, consisting
of Dundy, Hitchcock and Hayes.
Mr. Jenkins is totally deaf. Fifteen
years ago he was engaged in the
practice of law, but because of the
growing infirmity of deafness he
abandoned his profession and went
to stock breeding. He now has on
his farm 200 head' of pure bred
Shortly after, his nomination as
representative by the republicans
of his district he was afflicted with
erysipelas, complications of which
ruined his faculty of hearing com
pletely and left him ston deaf.
"The people of my district," said
he, "knew what they were doing
when they voted for me. They
knew that I guld not hear anything,
but they also knew that they could
trust to my powers of observation.
"This legislature is going to hear
from me before the close of the
session, for I will have some impor
tant matters to bring to its atten
tion." Road Legislation Favorite Topic.
Good 'roads legislation is already
a favorite topic with the members of
the legislature and the majority of
them see the necessity for action on
the matter. One of the features
which seems to bring up the most
argument among them is a proposed
law to place a vehicle tax on all
automobiles owned in the state.
This tax may be fixed at $10 per car
irrespective of the make and the
money derived turned into the road
There does not seem to be much
epposition on the part of the legis
lators as to the imposition of the
tax, but the members representing
rural constituencies seem deter
mined to have the tax made avail
able for the use of the road districts
within the precincts or townships
wherein the machines are owned.
Fighting Troops Protest
Transfer to Service Corps
London, Jan. 7. The unrest re
cently manifested in the British
army service units is explained to
day as largely due to the fact that
the army service corps contains long
service infantrymen transferred on
account of wounds and state of
health, who claim their demobiliza
tion and argue that they are penal
ized by transfer from the -fightmg
units, as the army service corps will
be the last to be demobilized.
The unrest has spread to a num
ber of centers, but it is not consid
ered as warranting an alarmist view
of the situanon.
It is considered certain thaftlie
protests will have a beneficial result.
Reed Attacks Wilson's Plan.
St. Louis, Jan. 7. Again attack
ing President Wilson's plan for a
league of nations, United States Sen
at6r James A. Reed, in an address
before the Jewish war relief organi
zation here today, declarecj that the
fate of America could not be set
tled at a council table where sit the
Turk, the Bulgar and the Japanese.
AT PORT IN
Old Fourth, Regiment Boys
Debark from Powhatan
at Newport News; Big -Homecoming
Camp Stuart, Newport News, Va..
Jan. 7. (Special Telegram.) With
the arrival today of the One Hun
dred and Twenty-seventh field ar
tillery, made up largely of Nebraska
boys, and the arrival Sunday of the
One Hundred and Twenty-sixth
field artillery, composed of Iowa
men, the greater part of the Fifty
ninth brigade is in camp, awaiting
orders to depart for-Uie demobiliza
tion amps in their respective states.
The One Hundred and Twenty
sixth arrived Sunday mqrning aboard
the transport Pocahontas.
The One Hundred and Twenty
seventh reached here ffiis morning
on the Powhatan. ,
The One Hundred and Twenty
fifth field artillery, composed of
Minnesota boys, is aboard the
Koniger der Nederlander.
All three of the transports left
France Christmas' day, but the
Nederlander was compelled to gc
into the Azores because of engine
trouble. It is expected to reach
this port today or tomorrow.
Iowans Coming West.
The Iowa men are counting or,
eating Sunday dinner at home next
Their program unofficially calls
for their departure from camp her
the last of this week. They will
probably proceed to Camp Dodge
where they will remain one or twe
days before being mustered out.
The men of the One Hundred
and Twenty-seventh probably will'
leave camp the first of next
week. No announcement has
been made as to what camp they
wilj be assigned for muster out.
Colonel R. L. Carmichael, in com
mand of the 59th brigade arriyed
aboard the Powhatan today
Many From Omaha.
Lieutenant C. A. Cook of battery
F., whose home is in Omaha, today
said that one-fourth of the regi
ment is made up of men from Ne
braska. The unit originally wai
the Fourth Nebraska infantry. It
has been filled with drafted men
from Nebraska, Colorado and other
Many members have seen active
(Continued on Pf e Two, Column Sis.)
By GEORGE W. WICKERSHAM,
Former I'. 8. Attorney fonrral.
(Copyright 1919 by New tork Tribune
News Service.) ,
London, Jan. 7. (Special Cable
gram to New York Tribune and
Omaha Bee.) A few years ago
America's method of conducting her
foreign relations was designated as
"shirt sleeve diplomacy." At that
time certain statesmen, of whom the
late i Senator Morgan of Alabama
was a conspicuous example, fre
quently indulged in the intellectual
amusement known as "twisting the
lion's tail." K
Wlien our public men became less
provincial and our current informa
tion concerning foreign affairs more
complete, methods of this sort were
abandoned, just as muddy boots
have ceased to be worn in drawing
In common with the remainder of
the civilized world, American poli
ticians and American statesmen per
ceived that no lasting benefit was
secured by -a policy of bluff or
bluster Ever since Admiral Chi
chester lined up the British fleet
beside that of Admiral Dewey at
Manila bay, and thus silenced the
insolent menaces of the German ad-
Jiiral, Von Diedericks, Americans
ave been, drawn into closer and
more cordial relations with the peo
ple of the nation from which we
so largely derive our institutions
and our conceptions of justice and
Sentiment of Great Britain.
The influence of the Irish agitator
of the type that once controlled the
American attitude toward Great
Britain has greatly waned, and no
considerable number of Americans
now view with admiration the part
played by Ireland or by pro-German
Irishmen in this war.
What the sentiment of Great
Britain lias become toward the
United States was most strikingly
exhibited in the great demonstra
tions on President Wilson's recent
visit to England. Britain rose as
one man to tender a wyetcome of
unprecedented worth to the chief
executive of her great sjster nation
overseas, where armed sons had
come to her aid in the darkest mo
ment of the war and thus enabled
very possible defeat to be turned
into a decisive victory. t
The British navy had received
with .open arms the men and ships
of the American navy. The men of
the service had fraternized with
extraordinary mutual appreciation.
Each had been proved willing to co
operate with the other. The ac
ceptance of the humiliating armi
stice by the German army and the
ignominous surrender of the Ger
man fleet has been received with as
sincere rejoicing by the officers and
men of the American navy as by
those of Great Britain.
Wilson Sees Agreement.
The visit of President Wilson was
and stronger than yours, and then
where will you be?"
This is an adoption of German
methods the moment when the
world has pronounced a judgment
of condemnation on all things Ger
man. It is the recrudescence of
The spectacle of the president
preaching a peace of brotherhood
to England, while his secretary of
the navy is breathing th.e fire of
slaughter in America, was received
here with a curiously mixed feeling.
No wonder Clemenceau has
deemed it necessary to declare in
accented as final nroof nf fhp mm. deeme
plete concord between the two great "le chamber of deputies that he does
English-speaking peoples, which so
many of both nations fegard as the
best guaranteee against any future
disturbance of the world's peace.
President Wilson's words were of
a complete concurrence in the views
of the representatives of England,
France and Italy and himself. He
talked of a concert of powers based
upon common ideals of freedom and
justice. He portrayed this unanimity
of view and said it made him im
patient to begin writing the sen
tences of the peace treaty.
It may be noted that apparently
he finds it easy to control this im
patience while he travels about Eu
rope visiting kings and prelates.
In the meantime the European
world has received a rude shock
from trie crude pronouncements o
Josephus Daniels, the worthy head
of the American navy department,
who signalizes the moment of good
will and mutual understanding be
tween America , and the allies by
proposing to the American congressH
the adoption or the greatest naval
program ever seriously submitted
to the American people and says
he does it with Mr, Wilson's ap
Adopts Hun Methods.
So far as he can effect it, Mr.
Daniels says fo Great Britain:
"If you do not accept President
Wilson's proposals concerning the
freedom of the seas, disarmament
and other matters which he pro
poses to have you accept, and then
liimSMf to force down the throat
of the United States, I say we will
begin a race of armaments with you
i which will outdo Germany's naval
i program for ten years preceding
I "We will build a navy greater
not agree with Wilson on all points.
Watch Bluff Effect.
It is interesting to observe the
effect of this Wilson-Daniels bluff
on the British public.
The ftation accepts it as "Wilson's
answer to Clemenceau." But chro
nology is against that interpretation,
for Secretary Danieli' program was
prepared and submitted before Dan
The English press received it gen
erally without excitement It de
clared that if it indicated an inten
tion on the part of America to as
sume her share of the burden of
policing the world, her new fleets
would be more than, welcome.
Private comment mong leading
men here is less temperate. Mr.
Daniels' announcement has gone
very far to spoil good results of
Mr Wilson's visit, and has injected
an element of distrust where com
plete concord might have pre
vailed. "The Nation" says:
"Americas, hope is for universal
disarmament and a league of na
tions. If she fails, she will arm
with the rest of the world."
What of Disarmament.
( Some friends of the administra
tion now here have been saving
that Mr. Daniels' threat is Mr. Wil
son's method of compelling Eng
land to accept his program of uni
versal disarmament. If so, he
could not have chosen a worse
method. Great Britain is perfectly
willing that the United States
should build as great a navy as it
pleases but she. does not herself
propose to abandon or curtail that
instrumentality which has ever been
her glory, and on which, she is con
vinced, depends her very existence.
Nor is it easy to believe that Mr.
Wilson seriously contemplateV uni
versal disarmament at this tme. 1
The world is in a state of greal
demoralization. Many element!
threatening its peace' must be helc
in control by the combined powei
of the great nations' which havt
united to overthrow Germany
Bolshevism has no place in Eng
land. England Wants Order. .
The recent elections here proved
that whatever else may" be the les
son of those election, they em
phatically have cast out the ele
ments of pacifism, communism tnd
bolshevism and pronounced in favor
of the old forms of liber under
laws and institutions guaranteeing
life and property
But elsewhere in the vast tracts
which yesterday were Russia, Ger
many and Austria, .the social disease
known as bolshevism is raging'-with
destructive fury. An international
quarantine against it must be main
tafyed. For the protection of -the
rest of the world, aid must be' sent
to help in the creation of health
centers, whence the healing in
fluences may spread.
On the other hand, we face also
a new partition of Europe on the
basis of nationality that is rather
vague, with the result that we are
bringing into being new organized
states, composed of peoples with
out experience in government, and
who must be guided in some mea
sure and controlled tinder the di
rection of an allied council call t
what you will a league or an as
And there are great outlying
powers, actual and potential in the
Orient which cannot be ignored.
The idea of a federation ef all man
kind when the war drum throbs no.
longer and the battle flags are furled
is nearer realization today than it
ever has been.
But it is not yet at hand.
England knows this, if Mr. Dan
iels doesn't, and Mr. Wilson tlpo
will learn it in his jouryings and
in his conversations with the rulers
of the earth, and it is safe to say
that the only result of Mr. Daniels
crude bluff will be to leave among
the allied peoples an uneasy sens
of? distrust in the candor of Ameri
ca's professions of concord
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