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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1919)
REE Z Y
BITS OF NEWS
OMAHA GOLDEN CITY OF GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES OF THE GOLDEN WEST
- : ..-..'
"JIMMIE" SHORT $60,000
BUT GETS ANOTHER CHANCE.
Chicago, Jan. 3. Short in his
accounts $60,000, James Grannan,
cashier of a grain brokerage firm
and well known in La Salle street
-as '"Jimmie," surrendered to ther
Grannan, who started with the
firm as a boy, lays he spent the
missing money in- speculation, but
he and his family lived modestly
and he was not dissipated.
Emmanuel Rosenbaum, head of
thefirm. has declared he will give
. "Jimmie" another chance.
SOLDIERS OF FRANCE
ENTER HUNGARY'S CAPITAL.
Paris, Jan. 3. Two thousand
French soldiers have entered Buda
ii.. u...:. ... i i
ing to a telegram from Zurich to the
Temps. One detachment occupied
: the castle of Count Karolyi, where
Field Marshal Von Mackensen of
the German army is interned.
DRY NATION AMENDMENT.
Lansing, .Mich., Jan. 3. The
Michigan legislature - today ratified'
the amendment to the United States
constitution providing for a dry
nation, only three votes being
against the proposal.
Michigan is the sixteenth state to
ratify the prohibition amendment to
the federal constitution. Twenty
more states must take like action to
adopt the amendment as proposed
.'BLACK POPE" PERMITTED
TO RETURN TO ROME.
Rome, Jan. 3. Father ' Vladimir
Ledochowski. general of the So
c.ietv of Tesus and known as "the
. Black Pope." has obtained Dermis
-sion to return to Italy and reside in
K. . ... .1. A 1. .
KOmc on ine grounq inai jic is a
f Polish citizen, according to' the
t Italia. .
Father Ledochowski is a nephew
nf the late Cardinal Ledochowski.
He was elected Iead of the Society
of Jesus in February, 1915, in suc
cession to. Father Wernz.
SOCIETY OF ORDER HOUNDS.
Chicago, Jan. 3. A national or
ganixation known as the Exalted
Society of Order Hounds, composed
'of order salesmen from all branches
'of commerce and industry, was
formed today with the installation
of Kennel No. 1. The society, semi
secret and fraternal, was formed to
develop scientific- selling methods
and higher ideals in the lives of the
members. Kennel officers are senior
watctv junior watch dog. of
ficial growler and big barker. "Woof,
Woof is being considered for the
slogan, V 1
VKJU. 40. riJ. Hi. oh f. 0. act t ifarek 3. 1179
OMAHA, : SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1919.
Dally ant Sua.. SS.W: ItuMlda Nak. tftmf antra
Bit Mall (I tr). Oallj. H.JO; Soaau. S2.M:
Fair and Warmer
Hourly Imirluri. -
5 a. in IS 1 p. m. in
6 m.. ...... IS t p. m '.
7 a. m... 17 1 S p. ni. .... ..
H a. ni 17 I 4 p. m. ...... .4
t a. ni 17 i p. in. . 4
10 a. m IS S p. ni 4
11 a. m ...IS) 7 p. m. ....... 4
1 m. 11 1 S p. m. .-...,..
Abduction of Step-child
Vharged Against Woman
VfHlllil ur ouum
rmpefture of 18 Below Zero
: Recorded Friday Morning;
' Cord Spell isWide-
" ! . spread.
v.Nbraska was about 50 degrees
polder than Wyoming yesterday, ac
cording to reports at the Omaha
weather bureau. Shortly after 8
o'clock Friday morning it was 18 de
grees below zero in Omaha. At the
same time it was 32 degrees abve
rero in Sheridan, Wyo.. and 20 de
gress above in' Cheyenne. Some
Wyoming towns reported almost 40
iegrees above zero.
"Colonel". Welsh, in charge of the
local weather bureau, promises rap
idly, rising temperature by this
morning. The temperatures in
Wyoming rose in quick jumps after
.the old snap there and officials say
that normal temperature will return
here in ft surprisingly short time.
Temperatures in Nebraska ranged
from 26 degrees be!ow zero at
O'Neill to 18 and 15 below at Oma
ha and Lincoln, respectively.
Reports show similar weather
conditions prevailing in South Da
kota and western Iowa. At Sioux
City, la., the thermometer regis
tered 20 degrees below the zero
mark, while at Mitchell. " S. D., the
temperature was 35 below zero.
.? r ; Spreads to Gulf.
Washington, Jan. 3. The western
pold wave spread southward today
to the gulf coast and northwest
rlonda and eastward over the Ap
palachian mountains, with indica
tions that it. would reach all parts
of the east tonight and tomorrow
A decided drop in temperatures was
predicted. Its duration will be brief.
-, Moorhead, Minn., with a minimum
reading of 34 degrees below zero,
held the cold weather record in the
The cold extended generally to the
south, Jackson, Miss.,- reporting a
foot of snow, the heaviest in 20
1 '7 Below in Chicago.
Chicago,, Jan. 3 Chicagoans scur
ried to their various vocations today
in a temperature of 7 degrees below
zero, with assurance from the weath
er forecaster that it would be cold
er before it became warmer. To add
to the. discomfort of those out of
doors a stiff wind was blowing from
the west. ,
The health commissioner and oth
er physicians declared the cold
weather had brought a lessening in
the number of influenza cases.
a Beyond "slowing up" street traf
fic the weather bad no effect on
One hundred fire alarms were
turned in since last night, due mostly
io overheated furnaces.and flues.
French President May Visit .
; the United States in August
Paris, Jan. 3. President Poincare
-may visit the United States some
time. in August. writes Charles
Qmessa in L'Infonuatiou today,
Party Reaches Eternal Shore
for Three-Day Visit and is
Greeted by Cheering
Rome, Jan. 3. President Wilson
arrived in Rome at 10:25 o'clock
this morning. He was received at
the station by King Victor Em
manuel and Queen .Helena, mem
bers of the government and repre
sentatives of the local authorities.
An immense crowd welcomed the
president with great enthusiasm.
King Victor Emmanuel has ac
cepted an invitation to have lunch
eon with President Wilson and fam
ily at the residence of Ambassador
Puge on Friday.
The program arranged for Presi
dent -Wilson's entertainment today
included a luncheon with Queen
Jilother Margherita, a reception by
tlu Parliament and a state dinner
h Tfincr Virfnr TTmmaniipl fr1-
MRS. ELLA CAMMENZIND AND HER STEPDAUGHTER
loA'ing the visit to the president of
a deputation from the quinnal.
To Confer Citizenship. .
In the evening the citizenship of
Rome will be conferred up the
On Saturday there will be a lunch
eon at the American embassy in
hot-r of the-, president. This also
is the day set for his visit to Pope
Benedict' and for his reception to
Protestant bodies at the. American
church. He will take dinner lWitb
the court. The president expects
to leave for Genoa on Sunday and
possibly i will go to Mjjaih-tn
Moi'jdsy he will arrive at Turin,
leaving for Paris
Pisa. Tan. 3. When Pisa was
reached by the presidential special"
train last night Mr. Wilson and his
party had retired. Count Di Cel-
lere, Italian ambassador at Wash
ington,' and Thomas Nelson Page,
American ambassador to Italy, de
scended to the station platform ana
conversed with officials. ' ;
The oeoDle were asked not to . dis
turb the nresident by cheering when
the train passed through towns and
Bonfires in honor of Mr. Wilson
were lighted in many places.
Dinner in Genoa.
Genoa Jan. 3. President-Wilson
and his party arrived here last
night in time for dinner. Mayor
Massone was at the station to meet
the train and made arrangements for
Mr. Wilson to visit points of in
terest when he arrives here on his
return from Rome Sunday morning.
On that occasion he will present the
president with a set of richly bound
volumes of the works of Mazzini and
will conduct -Mr. Wilson - to 'tne
birthplace " of Columbus and the
tomb of Mazzini. The '. president
will soend three hours ;n Genoa on
An autographed portrait of M.-.
Wilson has . been given 'a place of
honor in the city hall .
ITALIAN PRESS EULOGIZES.
AMERICAN , PRESIDENT.
Rome, Jan. 3. The press
throughout Italy published today
eulogistic articles regarding Presi
dent Wilson and the United States,
virtually all of the newspapers de
voting their entire front pages to
the visit of the. American presi
dent. "It is our intention to honor the
whole American people in honoring
President Wilson," , says Italie,
which alludes to the people of the
United States as "the most demo
cratic, progressive and powerful in
the history of the world."
-The Tribuna's article says:
"One might say that President
Wilson, having left the capitol at
Washington to be received in the
capitol at Rome, has not . changed
his rostrum, so similar are the feel
ings and aspirations of the two
In the Epoca Prince Giovanelh, a
deputy, publishes a leader in which
he represents all Italy as "paying
homage to the great American re
public of noble ideals which brought
it into the fight, side by side, with
the peoples of the entente."
Soldier's Wife and Unknown
Man Found Shot to Death
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 3. Attired
in silk pajamas, the body of a young
woman, believed by the police to
be Mrs. Irene Hayford, 25, oi Col
orado, was found on the floor beside
the body of an unidentified man,
aged about 35, in a Penn avenue
boarding house this morning. The
woman vas shot through the abdo
men and the man through the head.
A revolver was found near by. The
man was fully dresstd.
Letters, from the woman's hus
band, now in France, found in the
room, failed to throw any light on
the tragedy.- . '.,;
Mrs. Ella Cammenzind of Har
rison is Held on Complaint'
of Husband; Is Suing
Mrs. Ella Cammenzind, 722Vz
Cuming street, was arrested today
on a warrant issued in Sioux county
and booked as a fugitive from jus
tice. It is alleged that she enticed
her 16-year-old stepdaughter, Mary,
from her home at Harrison, Neb.,
bringing her to Omal.a.
Charles Cammenzind, Mary's
father, came to Omaha four days
ago with his attorney and has since
been searching for his lost daughter.
He appealed to the police Thursday
and Mrs. Cammenzind was found
today with the daughter. The girj
was also brought to the station.
According to Mr. Cammenzind,
his wife and daughter left for Oma
ha on November 7, ostensibly to
visit his cousin, Mrs. Matilda Cam
menzind, 5135 .Emmet street. He
received no word from them and
finally wrote his cousin, who replied
that , he had seen nothing of .them.
"4- Sued for Divorce. ':' '
zind found, through an Omaha pa
per on December 7, his wife had
sued for ft divorce iti the Omaha
courts, charging him with great cru
elty andasking for $20,000 alimony.
''When they left for Omaha I
gave Mrs. Cammenzind a bank book
with a large deposit at her disposal.
I drove them to the deppt from my
ranch in a car which I bad bought
only for. their use." said Mr. Cam
menzind. "I kissed them goodby, and told
them to have a good time. ,1 have
been married , to this woman 17
months. I met her at Douglas,
Wyo., through a cowboy friend of
mine. She came to my ranch as a
cook. She told me she had been
married before but that her former
husband was dead. I'm of the Cath
olic religion, and verified this before
I married her. Now I find that she
had been marfted twice. Her first
husband is dead, her second di
vorced. "My first wife died many years
ago, and since I have taken care of
my daughter, Mary, on tne ranch.
She has learned to ride and 'shoot.
She has had good care. All I want
is my daughter back."
Wife Tells Story.
Mrs. Cammenzind has a different
story. "He was brutal to me," she
said, "and once when Mary didn't
round up the cattle to suit him he
kicked her. He was always com
plaining that we sat in the house
doing nothing while he worked. I
have a mark on my head now where
he struck me.
"It was not religion that came be
tween us. He could not have mar
ried me if my former husband was
not dead, so I just told him the truth
about my first husband, and didn't
mention the second one. I was
raised in Omaha, but-1 won't tell
you my former name. I was a cook
at Douglas when I met him, and
anything lookcjdgood if.it tookj.nie
away-from-that- I-went to church
with him till h beat me. ;
"He took us to the train when we
came to Omaha, but when I offered
to kiss him goodby he said 'damn
your, kisses 1' I love Mary as if she
were my own daughter, and she
Mary said she would go back with
her father. She said there had been
some quarrels, but that her father
had never abused her.
The sheriff of Sioux, county has
been wired to come to Omaha to
take Mrs. Cammenzind back to
answer the charge of abduction.
Attorney J. E. Porter, of Craw
ford, Neb., will file a cross petition
in the divorjee suit.
Setting the Pace
EMBARGO IS PUT
FOOD TO EUROPE
Shipping is Not Available for
' Quantities of Supplies Now
Accumulating on Docks
1 New York, Jan, 3. Shipment of
all classes .of freight, and particu
larly foodstuffs intended for Ameri
can troops abroad and Europe's
starving people, was embargoed
from other parts of the country
through the ports of Boston,' Phila
delphia and New York for export
by order of the freight traffic com
mitee, north Atlantic ports, repre
senting north Atlantic railroads, at
the suggestion, it was stated, of the
federal food administration.
Food and supplies are accumu
lated on the piers of New York to
such an extent that it is impossible
for it to be handled or for cargo
space to "be provided for its trans
portation abroad. Similar conditions
are declared to exist in Boston and
Philadelphia, with the situation be
coming more serious.
Strike Hinders Shipping.
Three principal causes are as
signed. One is the strike of freight
handlers,7 which was reported to be
spreading today. Another was a dis
position on the part of ship owners
to put their vessels in drydock'upon
being relieved from the war strain,
instead of continuing the ships in
trade. Still another was the holi
day season with consequent decrease
in labor facilities regardless of ex
isting strike conditions.
It was declared that vessels for
use byeJthe food administration had
cot becormvavailable in the tonnage
that had been expected.
The embargo began yesterday on
shipments from interior points to
New York over the New York Cen
tral railroad, due' to the strike by
freight handjer9. Today virtually
every piet here was affected. ;
.'" The "freight handlers have been
receiving 42 cents an hour for a 10
hour day.! Their demand now is 50
cents an hour for an eight-hour day,
with time and a half overtime pay
for the ninth and. tenth hours, .
Captain . Adams Tells of Part
the General Took in
Campaign at Closest
A discussion in the Chicago Trib
une of General Pershing's politics
in its bearing on him as a possible
presidential candidate, has elicited
from Capt. C' E. Adams, national
commander of the G. A. R., his
testimony gojng to establish Persh
ing as a republican. Captain Adams
last night sent the following dis
patch to the Tribune:
"Notice your Washington dis
patch in today's Tribune regarding
General Pershing's politics. In 1898
I ran for congress in the Fifth Ne
braska district against Sutherland
and was defeated. General Persh
ing, just returned from the Philip
pines, made several speeches in my
behalf and for the republican ticket
in my district, aj Red Cloud, Nelson
and other places. I have kept up
my acquaintance with the general
ever since and he is a republican
and I have known him as such since
The article to which Captain
Adams refers calls attention to the
fact that General Pershing married
the daughter of Senator Warren of
Wyoming, one of the wheelhorses
of the republican party, and secured
his principal army promotion at the
hands of President Roosevelt. On
the other hand, the democrats de
clare, that General Pershing was
born in the democratic atmosphere
of Linn county, and that his family
connections are democratic. Per
shing, himself, has been quoted as
saying "I am not a politician, I am
a soldier. My whole duty is to be
loyal to my government and to the
administration which directs it."
Congressman Rucker, the Mis
souri democrat who represents the
district including Linn county, Js
said to be making further inquries,
but to express himself as "afraid
fiSfiH.1! JIi.uK h Lepnblicaa'
THAT'S 8CAIS rrvT
Bit ti ALWAYS SO
XHDA8U AND teliABte. )
, r -j3taB
TOCAI, DISPLAY I
r TttT IN" INC1?? ) 1 Afc results
LrV,l even Uter I
. STRANDED SHIP
Transfer of Remaining 2dQ
' Wounded Veterans Will Be
wwm-Today if m
Weather Is Favorable.
Fire Island,' N, Y Jan. 3. Except
for 200 wounded .men, every one a
veteran of European battlefields and
more than half of them helpless on
their cots, all the 2,500 soldiers who
were passengers on the stranded
army transport, Northern Pacific,
were safe ashore or aboard naval
vessels tonight. at the close of the
second day of4ne of the most re
markable marine rescues in the his
tory of the Atlantic coast.
When darkness began to fall, en
forcing suspension of trans-shipment
operations, craft of the naVy and
coast guard had taken off the liner
2,041 troops, in addition to 259 sol
diers and Red Cross nurses carried
ashore yesterday in surf boats and
the breeches buoy.
Sailors Serve as Life Savers.
The operation was completed
without an accident, except for the
capsizing of a life boat, and without
the loss of-a single life. The Long
Island coast guard won the honors
in yesterday's rescue work and per
formed valiant service in assisting
the navy 'today. But it was the
sailor men, skilfully maneuvering in
a choppy surf, who carried their
khaki-clad brothers to safety today.
From early morning until dusk
the rescue craft plied between the
stranded troop ship and the flotilla
of cruisers', 'destroyers and tugs an
chored just outside the treacherous
sand bars that brought the Northern
Pacific to grief within a mile of
Fire Island light.
Light-draft submarine chasers
nosed against the liner and took
off,150 men at a time. The launches
carried 10 to 30 at a trip and the
whale boat and life savers' surf
boats a lesser number, according to
Wounded, Lowered In Baskets.
Sixteen ladders were dropped over
the transport's bow. and down these
able-bodied soldiers scrambled. The
wbunded were lowered over the side
in baskets, or in a few cases where
shattered limbs had not knitted were
carried down gangways to launches.
Hour after hour the trans-shipment
went on with a cold wind driv
ing and spume drenching all hands.
The wounded were hoisted aboard
the hospital ship Solace without the
injury of a man, naval officers said,
and the well soldiers climbed the
sides of destroyers, six of which
steamed toward New York before
If the present weather continues
a north wind was blowing off shore
and the surf was moderate as nights
set in the transfer of the remaining
200 men will be completed before
noon tomorrow, naval officers said.
The Northern Pacific, standing al
most upright in the sands 200 yards
off shore, was in no danger tonight,
according to Capt J. D. Meade,
coast guard officer.
Britain and Holland
Arrive at Agreement
on Ex-Kaiser8 Status
Amsterdam, Jan. 3. The Brit
ish and Dutch governments have'
arrived at an agreement regard
ing the status of the former Ger
man emperor,-according to a dis
. patch to the Telegraf, from the
Hague, , i
TO KNOW POLICY
Press Asks Clear Statement
Regarding Ultimatum Said.
- to Nave -Been Pre- k
sented to Germany.
London, Jan. 3. Reports from
German and Scandinavian sources
of British naval and military activi
ties in the Baltic provinces have
created a demand by the British
press for a clear statement of tht
government's policy regarding Rus
According to the Deutsche Tages
Zeitung of Berlin, tne British have
presented an ultimatum to the Ger
man command that the German
troops must not only prevent a
further advance by the bolshevikl,
but must retake Valk and Vlendin.
If this order is not carried out, the
German newspaper says, the'entene
will march into Germany.
There is no confirmation of these
reports from any official source.
Germans Refuse to Fight.
Copenhagen, Jan. 3. The German
troops which recently were forced
to evacuate the Russian Baltic port
of Riga hav retreated a few miles
from that city, according to Berlin
advices today. They are occupying
the heights in the region.
A-Riga dispatch to theVossiche
Zejtung of Berlin gives a very pes
simistic account of the situation in
the Baltic provinces The bolsheviki,
it is said, are well equipped with
guns, ammunition and food, while
the forces opposing them are vir
tually without the very necessities
of life. The German soldiers, the
dispatch Continues, refuse to fight
and even those defending the rail
ways are deserting their posts, mak
ing an orderly retreat of the Ger
man troops impossible. s
The correspondent says the Li
thunians appear more interested in
creating a number of small insignifi
cant posts than in organizing a real
defense against the invaders.
It is reported in Berlin that 10,000
German volunteers, well supplied
with war materials, .are on their
way to the Baltic provinces.
Confer on Campaifn Plans.
Washington, Jan. 3. General
Pole, commander of the British
forces at Archangel, has arrived at
Kkaterinodar in southern Russia,
according to a cablegram received
today by the Russian embassy from
the Russian ambassador at Paris.
Representatives of the Denikine
government and other groups of
loyal Russians met General Poole at
Ekaterinodar vfor discussion of th
campaign against the bolsheviki.
Renowned Artist Dead.
Cincinnati, Jan. 3. Frank Duve
neck, internationally renowned ar
tist, died here today of a complica
tion of diseases, after a six months'
illness. He was 71 years old, but
up to the itme of his illness was an
active figure in American and Euro
pean rt circles. The three works
from his hand that art experts be
lieve to be his. best were "The
Whistling Boy," "Portrait of
Professor Lotffts," and "Girl and
I Tjisondari Stuck Fast.
'Philadelphia, Jan. 3. The Dutch
steamer Tjisondari, which went
aground Monday night about a mile
south of Fort Delaware on its way
to this city with 70 enlisted men and
18 officers aboard, is still stuck fast.
All the service men havfe
transferred from the vessel.
WAR BOARD ORDERS
FEW CHANGES; UNION
NOT VITAL FACTOR
Ex-President Taft Reads Findings that Order Slight
Changes In Working Conditions; Corporation De- :'
clared to Be Too Chary in Dealing With Men
From Fear of Recognizing Organization.
BY LABOR CHIEF
The hearing of the Omaha street railway controversy
before the National War Labor board joint chairmen, WiU
Ham H. Taft and Basii M. Manly, was concluded at 5:45 p
m. yesterday, when Mr. Taft read the decision which he and
his colleague had dictated.
The taking of testimony in support of the grievances
made by the carmen, and counter-testimony by the company,
was started at 4 o'clock Thursday af ternon and was resumed
at 9 o'clock yesterday morning, wtyh a brief interval for noon.
The decision went against the car-
men in the matter of night runs'
which the men charged had been
arranged by the company to avoid
the application of a bonus-pay fea
ture. Provision was made for re (
opening this phase of the contro-
... l. : . 1. , , r- .
vciy uciore ine war ooaru on ren
ruary 1. v
- Provide Further Hearings.
The joint chairmen stated that
they had not been sufficiently ad
vised of the actual rulings of the
examiners to pass on the minimum
wage complaints. .Thev held that
! the wage of 42 celnts per hour,
i r r r.t.1 A n A -f mi .M iltA ltA..J'. ... - I
pivv.uu iui 111 uic uudius award,
was intended to apply to adult male
employes, and added that it would
require the attendance of the board's
examiners to investigate and pass
on specific cases complained of. i
With report to short-piece ; runs,
which are from six and a half to
seven and a half hours, the men
complained that such a run does
not yield sufficient compensation
and requires employes toake trip
per runs. This arrangement, th
decision states, appeared to have
been made to evade the bonus fea
ture, and it was further, stated by
the chairmen that the company
neglected the consideration of fair
ness. An amendment of this feature of
the working conditions was directed
to avoid injustice. If a conference
between employes and company dots
not get results, it was suggested that
the matter should be referred to the
fin conection with the complaint
by the men that the company-has
shown discrimination against union
men, the decision finds that ' the
company is now endeavoring to
comply with the orders of the war
On the subject of collective bar
gaining, it was found that the com
pany is conducting an open shop:
that the. roles of the board require
that the company shall place no ob
stacle or interference in the way of
the union men, and requires that
while the company must deal onlv
with its own employes, it does not!
prevent the employes from selecting!
their own methods of representa-i
tion before the company. v i j
The company was found to have
been within its rights in declining to'
enter into a contract with the union,
as the piles of the board do not re
quire that the company shall deal
by contract with a union, and in that
sense is not required to recognize a
Employer Too Technical.
Employers were cited as having
been too etchnical intreatment of
committee of employes in the mat
ter of the latter's union identifica
tion. Pride of union men and te;h
nical sensitiveness of employer were
mentiontd as factors which have led
The application of the men for a
modification of the award as relating
to increase of "ages, was denied;
also the application for a funda
mental change of schedules was
overruled, as both of these features
may be brought before a full board
hearing on February 1 on which
Hat tpctimnnv talrn in flmfi. this
week, and such additional testimony
as may later be submitted, wU be
Text of Decision.
The text of the decision follows:
"In this case the employes have
presented hree applications. The
first is an appeal from the rulings
of the examiners in the interpreta
tion of the award made by the joint
chairmen of July 31. The second
is a complaint that the company hat
violated the award and a request
that they be directed to comply witli
it in the particular instances of al
leged violation, and the third is for a
modification of the award to in
crease wages over the amount fixed
in the award and for the substitu
tion of the schedule for the dpera-.
tion of the cars of the defendant
company a new schedule, devised
on a different asis, which will make
the daily operations of service of
the empldycs less burdensome.
"Coming to the first aonlication
the complaint is against the ruling
of the examiners in what are called
early and late runs. The daily rurt
is now begun in the evening of on
day and concluded in the early
morning of the next day and the
spread is calculated from the. begin
ning of the service in the evening
Gompers Would Not Demobil
ize Army so Speedily as to
Put Soldiers into Com
petition for Jobs.
Washington, Jan. 3. With Samuel
Gompers, president of the American
Federation of Labor, as the first
witness, hearings were begun today
under the resolution introduced by
Senator Kenyon of Iowa providing
for an investigation by the senate ed
ucation and labor committee for the
purpose of recommending legislation
intended to bring about better so
cial and industrial conditions.
Mr. Gompers said that any at
tempt by law to prevent labor
strikes would be futile. He con
demned legislation for compulsory
arbitration and asserted that labor
had prevented any considerable leg
islation by the states looking toward
Thesudden transition from a war
to a peace basis in industry may re
sult, he said, in hardships to work
ing people this winter, adding that
many workers already had been
thrown out of employment. He be
lieved that the army should not be
demobilized so speedily as to put
soldiers into competition for the
jobs held by men and women in the
industries while they were in the
military service. Labor will not
take kindly to a "bread line" this
winter after enduring hardships and
sacrifices of war, Mr. Gompers said,
when congress could help solve the
As a substitute for compulsory ar
bitration he proposed a system of
conciliation and mediation.
Mr. Gompers approved the plan
included in Senator Kenyon's reso
lution for extending the provisions
of- the soldiers' and sailors' insur
ance to the civil population and ad
vocated a system of 'insurance
against sickness, disability and old
age. He did not approve the pro
vision for establshinig a national
tribunal to review and adjust; diffi
culties -between workmen and em
ployers, saying that was akin to
compulsory arbitration. Mr. Gom
pers will continue his testimony to
morrow. Admiral Rodman
Believes Huh Capital
Ships Should Be Sunk
Washington, Jan. Destruction
of all capital ships of the German
navy surrendered to the allies was
recommended to the house naval af
fairs committee today by Rear Ad-1
mirai Koaman, wno commanded the
American fleet in the North Sea
during the war.
He said the German ships would
not be needed, that they were of
different types than those of the
allies, and that it would be a waste
of money to pay to maintain them.
The admiral thought all the ves
sels except the capital ships should
Asked how officers and enlisted
men of the American navy com
pared with those of the British
navy, Admiral Rodman said that In
many respects American personnel
as well as our ships had shown
points of superiority.
Premier Asked to Release
London, Jan. 3. A petition signed
by a number of prominent English
men has been presented to Premier
Lloyd George asking for the re
lease of conscientious objectors. It
says the signers, who hold widely
different political views, are united
in the opinion that the time has
come for the release of 1,500 object
ors now in prison. Seven hundred
of these prisoners have served two
years or more, says the petition,
(Continued on 's Two, Columa Om$-
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