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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
ONE BILLION RUBLES
PRINTED IN U. S. HELD
Washington, Dec. 30. One bil
lion rubles in bank notes printed in
this country and sent to Russia
' aboard an American transport is
held at Vladivostok awaiting a de
cision by the Japanese, British,
French and United States govern
ments as to its disposition. News of
the transport s arrival came in an
Associated Press dispatch last night.
The notes were ordered by a Rus
sian bank some time ago, but rapid
changes in government in Russia
made the standing of the bank a
question that could not be deter
mined. The question also arose as
to whether the delivery of the ship
ment would further inflate the Rus
sian currency, already inflated un
der the boshevik regime, which is
still issuing notes. t
PROPOSE ALLIES ENTER
BERLIN TO IMPRESS HUNS.
Washington, Dec. 30. A resolu
tion proposing that an army of al
lied and United States troops tri
umphantly enter Berlin to impress
i upon the minds of the Germans the
fact that Germany has been de
cisively defeated was introduced to
day by Representative Dolittle of
WOULD BREVET ALL
DRAFT BOARD MEMBERS
! Washington, Dec. 30. A bill to
:onfer the rank of captain by brevet
an all chairmen of local draft boards
t md the rank of first lieutenant bv
brevet on other members of such
boards serving during the war, was
introduced today by Senator Hen
derson of Nevada.
OMAHA GOLDEN CITY OF GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES OF THE GOLDEN WEST
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 48 NO. 168.
Enterfd Hi ncond-clml natter May 29. 1906. lit
Omaha P. 0. under act ol March 3. 187!)
OMAHA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1918.
Dally and Sun., 13.50: outtlda Ntb. poiUol antra
By Mall (I yaar). Dally, 14.30; Sunday. K.SO:
THE WEATHER r
Snow flurries and colder;
cold wave i east; Wednes
day fair, cold.
Hourly Temper,! urea.
5 . m.. .
6 a. in..,
7 h. m...
M a. m...
B a. m.. .
10 a. m.
1 1 a. in.
1 p. m.
S i. m.
S p. n.
4 p. m.
5 p. ni.
.tl 8 p. fa.
SH 7 p. m.
28 H p. in.
Md 1 J MOT I MI W
raw rut mm msm
AVERS U. S.
'GRAB-ETERIA" METHODS IN
CHICAGO NEW YEAR'S EVE
Chicago. Dec. 30. The revelry of
New Year's Eve in Chicago prom
ised to be enlivened by a test of
strength between several of the
large downtown hostelries and
nembers of the cook's and waiter's
jnion now on strike. The striking
jmployes have declared they would
.lot assist in serving guests at three
3f : the largest hotels and that a
state law would be invoked if the
hotel men kept the'r promise to fill
the places of the striking waiters
with women. This law prohibits
women from serving intoxicating
Meanwhile, the managers of the
LaSalle, Sherman and Grand Pacific
hotels, where the strike is most
effective, report capacity reserva
tions for tomorrow night and that
they will serve their guests "some
how." One hotel expects to provide
i novelty by having the guests serve
ARMY OF 1,500,000
PLAN OF UTAH SENATOR.
. ; Washington, D. C, Dec. 30. An
army of half a million men as a part
-llie pernianen military estab-
f.v tfSnment of the nation is favored in
a -resolution introduced loday by
Senator King of Utah, democrat.
The resolution declares that even
ifter the declaration of peace the
;.' United States will be required to
maintain a considerable force in
Europe for some time. -'
BRITISH MAN GERMAN
SUBS ON WILSON'S VISIT
Manchester, Dec. 30. The in
spection of the Manchester ship
;anal by president Wilson ana nis
party had several picturesque iea
; iures. All the ships 'in the inland
if harbor were dressed brightly with
-' flags and seamen dressed as the
presidential party passed.
' The British "mystery ship" and
, two German submarines were in the
harbor." At first glance the "mystery
ship" appeared to be an ordinary
steamer, but as the president and
Ills' party approached, the ship show
ed its real character.
Wtth all the rapidity and effect of
a? great conjuring trick, the dingy
" vessel became a .fully armed war
ship. Parts of the upper works fell
ijowri and guns appeared with gun
crews at their, stations. The Ger
man submarines were manned by
ELEPHANTS PLAY ROUGH
AFTER GAINING FREEDOM.
Winnipeg, Man., Dec. 30. Four
eiephants brought here to .perform
in a vaudeville theater this, week
broke away from their keepers . to-,
day.and made away from the .play
grounds for three hours. . One. .qf
the animals became wedged, .be,-
' tween two houses and pulled part of
the walls away with her. She then
paid a' formal visit to the public
power house nd broke in the door
with a gentle rap and advanced in
friendly fashion to meet Engineer
J. Krai, who' was in charge. Krai
rubbed his eyes and disappeared.
The animal scratched, her back on
the switchboard, reducing . it to
twisted metal, me iuur.u
were finally captured. ........
Burleson Denies Charge
He Exceeded Authority
In Taking Cable Control
Postmaster General Replies to Charges by Hitchcock That
"He Came Very Close to Breaking Faith With Con
gress;" Says Soldier Mail Was Delivered
in Thirty Days.
MONTANA JOINS RANKS
OF PROHIBITION STATES.
' Helena, Dec. ; 30. Midnight to-night
saw Montana's statewide
prohibition law in effect. Officials
everywhere are pledged to enforce
ment. Doubt exists whether tev
, wages containing less than two per
cent alcohol may be served and
test cases are expected. Liquor
- dealers in the cities generally were
laid to have sold out their stocks.
Cold Wave Arrives on Time;
. Snow in Western Nebraska
' The cold wave scheduled to reach
Nebraska last night arived on time.
Temperature around the zero point
is predicted for tonight. Snow
itorms are reported raging m South
-1 Dakota and western Nebraska, and
; tre Sl'-u to oe neaaca east. iumi
v western trains were reported stalled
irf the drifts in South Dakota last
rjight, with the wind blowing a gale
nd the snow drifting badly.
Diplomats Leave Petrograd.
- Washington, Dec' 30. All diplo
mas have left Petrograd, the State
department was advised today, ex-
. rtpt tnose oime owiss ana rcrsiau
, legatioa ; .
Senator Chamberlain of Ore
gsn Scores Baker and
War Department for
Washington, Dec. 30. Senator
Chamberlain of Oregon, chairman
of the military conim ttee, declared
in the senate today 'hat the United
States was as unprepared to take
car-i of returning wounded soldiers
as it was unprcparii-l to enter the
war. He said his criarge of ineffi
ciency made last winiei had since
been admitted by the administra
tion in the enactni.- . of the Over
"God only knows h'W many lives
have been sacrificed needlessly du;
to unpreparedness, een up to the
time the armistice wp.s signed," Sen
ator Chamberlain sa'd.
"The charge of treicl.ery was lev
eled against s:n:e of us who criti
cized. 1 passed under the yoke, but
ff my criticism has saved one life
of a soldier in Fran ce I am willing
to give up in v seat in the Unite '
States senate "
Regarding American casualties
Senator Chamberlain said:
"Take the lfumber of men on the
battle front and the casualties the
dead, wounded and missing there
has been practically 17.6 per cent of
Jhc boys on the front killed, wound
ed or missing.
Turning to the home-coming
wounded he continued:
Lack Hospital Facilities.
"What I criticize, is the fact that
we have not the hospital facilities.
If the War department paid one-half
the attention to preparations for re
ceiving these boys as they are to
getting legislation through congress
in order to protect contractors who
made contracts for war supplies
over the telephone in violation of
law, this matter would soon be set
tled." Senator Poindexter of Washington
asked if it were not a fact that the
president was responsible for the
acts of the executive departments
Senator Chamberlain replied that
the president could not be held
responsible for all the acts of the
"In the failure to pay salaries of
soldiers and the failure to construct
hospitals, would not one word from
the president remedy the whole mat
ter?' Senator Toindexter asked.
Wants Action by Baker.
"Yes," said the Oregon senator,
"and one word from the secretary
of war could remedy it also, and it
is that word that I am trying to
"But the people of the United
States 3o not know the secretary of
war.''. Mr, Poindexter insisted.'They
did. -not -elect a secretary of war,
.they . elected a. president and did not
know, who .was to he secretary of
Senator . Chan;berla.:n. , criticised
what he said was the government's
failure, to formulate a definite de
mobilization policy on a "sane
basis." He said he did not believe
there should be a hasty demobiliza
tion, but added that the men in the
army should know what is going to
happen to them.
. In- coucliidiug his speech Senator
.Chamberlain praised the army for
the.work.it had Jane in the war.
"I dou't. believe any army in the
world ever, made sucji a. splendid
record". be said
Yankee Lads Must Not
Talk to Fair Maidens
Living in Rhineland
' Cobjen. Sunday, Dec. 29. (By
Associated Press.) An order has
been issued to the American sol
diers that an officer or soldier
who speaks to a German woman
does so at the risk of court-martial.
The dinner hour in Coblenz and
throughout the American zone of
occupation has been advanced
from one to two hours. In res
taurants and hotels the evening
meal now is eaten without music.
These changes are regarded as
necessary because of. the recent
American order that the sale and
gift of light wines be prohibited
except within certain hours in the
The prohibition of the sale of
alcoholic liquors of any kind and
the restrictions on light wines has
upset the ordinary routine of the
Germans and has resulted in some
cafes closing, in the discharge of
restaurant orchestra and grocery
stores withdrawing .stocks .from,
their windows, , .
Washington. Dec. 30. Criticism
of Postmaster General Burleson for
taking over the marine cables after
the signing of the armistice was re
newed today in the senate. Senator
Hitchcock of Nebraska, chairman of
the foreign relations committee, pre
cipitated the discussion after pre
senting a letter from Mr. Hurleson
in which the postmaster general de
nied that he had exceeded his au
thority and asserted that the order
takin;; over the cables had been
.signed by the president November 2.
Senator Hitchcock said the post
master general had come "very
close to breaking faith with con
gress'' and tli at he was not justified
in taking over the cables after hos
tilities ceased. He also accused Mr.
Burleson of suppressing the order
for some time.
Watson Says Time Changed.
Senator Watson, republican of In
diana, charged that the date on the
order had originally been hxed at
November 14. but because of the
signing of the armistice sooner
than expected, it was changed to No
' W hen the order was made," said
Senator Watson, "the date was first
put down as November 14, the
armistice having been signed on the
11th of that month. Afterwards, the
date was erased and November 2
was inserted. I have every reason
to believe that that fact is suscep
tible of proof. The object of it is
apparent without comment."
Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, re
publican, said he had been informed
the order was signed by the presi
dent on November 2, but it was not
countersigned by the secretary of
state and it was "never published or
exhibited to any one until after the
war had closed and the armistice
had been signed.
Read Burleson Letter.
"Even the date when it was ex
hibited to one of the telegraph com
panies was blank and the order was
never made before the signing of
the armistice," Senator Kellogg de
clared. In his letter to Senator Hitchcock,
Mr. Burleson said:
"Of course, my dear senator, no
one knows better than you that a
public official is not called upon to
notice the mouthings of irresponsible
oamersKites wno may criticise or
misrepresent his official actions, but
when a critical statement is made by
a senator of the United States, it
not only justifies but calls for re
sponse. "Of course, it is not true that I
fill . i
have of my own will ruthlessly
seized and taken possession of these
cables; of course, it is not true that
I have taken possession of them just
to gratify my personal convictions,
personal opinion and personal
wishes: of course, it is not true that
I have reached out to control busi
ness activities the congress did not
intend to put in my hands. I feel
that a reply to all such charges can
be conclusively made by quotations
from a motion to dismiss, filed by
the representatives of the law de
partment of our government, made
by direction of the attorney gen
eral of the United States to a silly
suif recently instituted (for public
ity purposes) in a court known to
be without jurisdiction against the
postmaster general in which- these
unfounded charges are set forth.''
Mail Reached Soldiers.
Mr. Burleson in his letter also
branded as "utterly without founda
tion" charges that most of the mail
addressed to soldiers overseas failed
to reach its destination. The de
partment, he said, had delivered to
the various military units in France
nearly seven million pieces of mail
(Continued on Page Five, Column Five.)
Mayor's Market House
Project Bucks Against
Opposition in Council
The public market to be estab
lished at Fifteenth and Davenport
streets, Mayor Smith's pet project,
ran upon rocks at the council meet
ing and is threatened with destruc
tion. The question came up on a reso
lution to have the frame buildings
c the northwest corner of the in
tersection removed preparatory to
erection of the market house.
The mayor said the present mar
ket at Eleventh and Jackson streets
should be abolished after establish
ment of the new market.
"I do not believe the gardeners
want this market," said Commis
sioner Zimman, "and i know the
grocers don't. You will have a pro
test jn here from 300 grocers and
from hundreds of othfr people when
you try to abolish the market at
Eleventh and Jackson streets."
Not Afraid of Protests.
Mayor Smith declared that such
protests should not bear any weight
in the affair.
"If we wait for the grocers to ac
quiesce in this idea we will wait till
eternity," he said. "The retailers
can bring in a protest a mile long.
Any move that tends to bring the
producers and the consumers to
gether will be opposed. And un
less there are four ctmmissioners
in this council who liave the r.erve
to stand up against such opposition
we'd better chloroform the propo
sition right now."
Mr. Zimman said he was present
at Mayor Smith's meeting with the
Florence gradeners and he did not
note any desire amons; them to have
a public market.
Want to Sell Quick.
"The gardener wants to sell his
load of produce in bull: to the gro
cer or commission man," he de
clared. "He doesn't want to fool
around with retail cus-tomers. We
have tried this before when we
built the public market house zt
Fourteenth street and Capitol ave
nue some years ago. The garden
ers wouldn't come there and "he
building stood empty anr people re
ferred to it -as 'Zimman's folly.' Let
us be very sure that use will be
made of the proposed building be
fore we build it."
A suggestion was m?de that the
Auditorium .be used as a public
market, but opinion was that this
would Cost nore thin erection of
the structure at Fifteenth and Dav
The question was postponed for
General D'Esperey Makes
' 7 Entry in Turk Capital
. Constantinople, Dec. 30. (Hav
as) General Franchet D'Esperey,
commander-in-chief " of the allied
forces in the Near East, made his
official entry into Constantinople
Sunday, coming from Saloniki on
board the French cruiser Patrie.
He was welcomed by the allied
representatives here and the chiefs
of . staff , of ; the v Turkish , army . and
Fires Follow Outbreaks
in City of Constantinople
London, Dec. .30. Disturbances
at Constantinople continue and
great fires have been out in the
Parmakkapol quarter of Pera.
across the Golden Horn from the
city proper, and in the suburb of
Kadi Keui, according to advices
from Athens. The Turkish Cham
bei of Deputies is reported o have
tissolyed.aa -a result.. of .opposition
from young Turk deputies.
Suspicious Rumor That
French and Yanks Differ
Is Dispelled by Pichon
Foreign Minister of France Says No Notable Divergence
Exists and "Together We Will Establish Laws to
Record Peace in Immortal Principles
for Which Soldiers Died."
President Spends Last Day in
Britain at Manchester;
Made to Feel at
Manchester, Dec. 30. The people
of Manchester made President Wil
son a free man of their city today.
They did more than that; they made
him at home.
It seemed as though all the men,
women and children of the town
and many from Lancashire-at-large,
cheered the president at some stage
ot the crowded five hours in winch
he made a sort of democratic royal
progress from one point of interest
to another, which was strenuous
enough and vast enough to ex
haust, even the hardiest political
The general atmosphere of all
the proceedings was intimate and
friendly; often the people got near
enough to shake hands. Even the
ceremony of conferring the free
dom of the city had a tone of home
ly simplicity and seemed more like
a college commencement tuan a
formal staged rial. The assem
bly sang, 'for He s a Jolly Ocod
Fellow", which could hardly have
occurred at a state banquet m the
No Separate Peace.
It was a happy inspiration that
led the aldermen to throw open the
largest hall in the city, instead of
following the custom by holding
the ceremony in the municipal
chamber. This by no means re
duced the effect of the important
speech the president delivered.
His most important pronounce
ment perhaps to Englishmen, the
most important he had made in
England, that the United States
would make no covenant with any
powers except one with all the
powers, was not lost upon his hear
ers. No other audience during his
European appearances has absorbed
the president's utterances so eager
ly, so understandingly, and has so
quickly responded to every point.
No other audience has resembled so
noticeably the character and types
of people to whom the president
has been accustomed to speak at
Perhaps this was because Lanca
shire has contributed so many citi
zens to the United States and has
and follows American affairs with
keener interest than most English
The first item in the day's pro
gram, was a drive to the famous
docks which have made Manchester
an inland port. Here the shipping
extended a beflagged and vociferous
greeting to the president while the
workmen from all the big ware
houses and factories around hung
from the windows and stood on the
roofs. Part of the drive was through
the poorer districts, where a few of
the children were too poor even to
have bought American flags to
Later the president made a brief
appearance in the balcony , of the
Koyai exchange, where he sooke.
Finally he took lunch with 200 prom
inent men in the Midland hotel
where he made an acknowledgement
of Manchester's hospitality.
Only the weather was unfriendly
(Continued on Pago Fire, Column Two.)
of Care of Soldiers
Aberdeen, S. D., Dec. 30. Repre
sentative Royal C. 'Johnson of South
Dakota, who is on a short -visit to
his home here after having spent
more than a year in France as a
soldier, today wired the War de
partment and Julius Kahn, ranking
republican member of the bouse
military committee, demanding an
immediate investigation , of . the
treatment' accorded sick 7 and
Representative Johnson : quoted
letters received fron wounded sol
diers who have arrived in the United
States from France, but lays par
ticular stress in regard to convales
cent officers. He said men were
"deliberately insulted" when they
landed at New York-harbor and
were treated ' as "unruly children
rather than as wounded officers."
Taris, Dec. 30. This has been the
most active day's discussion in
peace conference circles, since the
American delegation arrived, as the
declarations of Premier Clemenceau
and Foreign Minister Fiction in the
chamber of deputies last night gave
a rallying point in the form of the
first official announcement of the
plans of the French government.
The statements disclosed that
France had determined upon its line
of action on practically all the
questions involved, including a so
ciety of nations, on which M. Pi
chon said the details were now be
Premier Clemenceau's statement
on the freedom of the seas was the
first announcement from a high au
thoritative scource. This was ac
cepted as showing that the British
and French viewpoints were in ac
cord. M. Clemenceau's reference to
his talks with President Wilson in
dicated that they had tended to
bring out the significance of the
French premier's previous conversa
tions with the British prime min
ister regarding the action of the
British fleet during the war, without
which he admitted France could not
have continued the war, as well as
his favorable attitude toward the
future British fleet.
The sentiment prevails in confer
ence circles here that the American
attitude will not become definite un
til further knowledge , is obtained
concerning the conversations . be
tween President Wilson, .'Premier
Clemenceau and Premier Lloyd
Now Commanding Figure.
M. Clemenceau's overwhelming
majority on the vote of confidence
in the chamber of deputies makes
him a commanding figure in France,
similar to that of Lloyd George as
a result of the British elections.
La Liberte in an editorial today
scores the opposition for yesterday's
debate in the chamber of deputies,
charging that it was endeavoring
to arouse between Premier Clem
menceau and President Wilson an
artifical conflict, although it asserts
cordiality, mutual esteem and agree
ment on general views between the
prime minister and the president.
Deputy Paul Mounier, dcrector of
Write, the socialist organ, and
mouthpiece of former Premier Cail
laux, in an editorial with regard to
the views of President Wilson and
Premier Clemencau says:
"The two men have nothing in
common. On the one side is the old
policy of mititary alliances, ruinous
armaments, eternal war and secret
deplomacy; on the other side, de
mocracy, mistress of herself, is im
posing a universal alliance of the
people on out of date governments
There is now an abyss between
France and America."
Pichon With Wilson.
Stephen Pichon, the foreign min
ister, said to the Associated Press
"You asked me in w'hat 'spirit the
French government is preparing to
participate in the peace negotiations.
It is agreeable and easy for me to
reply that the ideal which sustained
us during the war is guiding us
effectively on the eve of peace. This
defines our policy.
"We have hpen attacked. We
want security. We have been despoil
ed. We demand restitution.
We have been devastated; we want
"But that which we asked for our
selves, we demand for all and hence
are clearly in accord with President
Wilson. -- - 1
Quotes Wilson's Words.
"Rumors of ; suspicious origin
have attempted in the past two
weeks to lead one to the belief that
notable differences existed between
the allies on the conception of
peace. In order to despel doubts
and to bring forth the truth, I can
not do better than to appropriate
the words spoken in London by
your president and do declare that
the exchanges of views which have
just taken place between him and
the allied governments have proved
the complete accord regarding the
meaning and purpose of the duty for
the accomplishment of which we
America Not Interested
In European Politics to
Uphold Balance of Power
Manchester, Dec. 30 The text of
the president address to the Free
Trade hall audience is as follows:
"My Lord Mayor, Ladies and
Gentlemen: Perhaps I may be per
mitted to add, fellow citizens:
"You have made me feel in a way
that is deeply delightful the gener
ous welcome which you have ac
corded me, and back of it I know
there lies the same sort of feeling
for the great people whom I have
the privilege of representing.
"There is a feeling of cordiality,
fraternity and friendship between
the two great nations, and as I have
gone from place to place and been
made everywhere to ieel the pulse
of sympathy that is now beating
between us, 1 have been led to
some very serious thoughts as to
what the basis of it all is.
"For I think you will agree with
me that friendship is not a mere
sentiment. Patriotism is not a mere
sentiment; it is based upon a prin
ciple, upon the principle that leads
a man to give more than he de
mands. Similarly f.-iendship is
based not merely upon affection, but
upon common service. The man is
not your friend who is not willing
to serve you, and you are not his
friend unless you are willing to
serve him. And out of that impulse
of common interest and desire of
common service arises that noble
feeling which we consecrate as
"And so it does seem to me that
the theme that we must have in our
minds now in this great day of set
tlement is the theme of common in
terest and the determination of
what it is that is our common in
terest. You know that heretofore
the world has been governed, or at
any rate the attempt has been made
to govern it, by partnership of in
terest, and that they have broken
Interest Separates Men.
"Interest does not bind men to
gether. Interest separates men. For
the moment there -is the slghtest
departure from the nice adjustment
of interest," then jealousy beings to
spring up. There is only the thing
that can bind peoples together and
that is common devotion to right
"Ever since the history of. liberty
began men have talked about their
rights and it has taken several hun
dred years to make them perceive
that the principal condition of right
is duty and that unless'a man per
forms his full duty he is entitled to
no right. It is a fine corelation of
the influence of duty that right h
the equipoise and balance of society.
"And so when we analyze the
present situation and the future
that we now have to mold and con
trol, it seerhs to me there is no
other thought than that that can
guide us. You know that the United
States has always felt from the very
beginning of her history that she
must keep herself separate from any
kind of connection with European
"I want to say very frankly to
(Continued on Face Five, Column Four.)
How Omaha Plans
to Celebrate Start of
Coming New Year
New Year's Eve Watch Parties.
Omaha Athletic club dinner, 10
p. m. to midnight, with special
Fontenelle, Henshaw, Rome
and other hotels, special dinners,
6 to 9 p. m.
Two shows at Orpheum and
Gayety; special offerings at all
Large party for soldiers given
by Mr. and Mrs. A. Charles Mal
lory. Clan Gordon celebration in Ea
New Year's Day Open House.
Colonel and Mrs. Jacob W. S.
Wuest in Fort Omaha quarters.
Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A.. Army
and Navy club, Knights of Co
lumbus club house, Jewish Wel
fare board rooms; Red Cross
canteen in Union station and
Patriotic League Girls' Cofn
munity House in Jacobs hall.
New Year' Night Dances.
Comrade club dance for sol
diers, Kelpin's academy.
Cinosam club dance in Scot
tish Rite cathedral.
Patriotic League Girls club
dance for soldiers, Jacobs hall.
. Dancing in hotel ball rooms.
Secretary Daniels Tells Com
mittee President Agrees
With This View of Amer
ica's Ocean Program.
Washington, Dec. 30. Unless a
league of nations or other tribunal
that will make certain the limitation
of international armament is estab
lished, the United States must build
the greatest navy in the world, Sec
retary Danields today told the house
"It is my firm conviction," de-'
clared the secretary, "that if the con-
ference at Versailles does not re- '
suit in a general agreement to put "
an end to naval building on the
nart of all the nations, then tht
United States must bend her wil)
and bend her energies, must givt
her men and give her money to the
tn;V nf th rrattnn rt inrmnnnraKlii
the greatest navy in th'e world."
Wilson's Viewp Same,
With the complettion of the pro- '
posed new three-year, building oro'
gram, adding ten dreadnaughts.' ata
uatue cruisers, , icn scout cruisert'.;,
and 1.10 smaller craft to the fleet
America still will rank second in " '
naval strength to Great Britain
said the secretary, who appeared '
before the committee to makt hi!
final recommendations for the 1920
naval bill which the committee il
considering. -, -
"Does the president back the pol
icy to make us the first naval powet
in the world?" asked Representative 1
Kellv of Michigan.
"Yes, if competitive building is to
cot.tinue" said Mr. Daniels.
we are now easily the second .
naval power, but this program will
not make us the first." "
The naval secretary said that il
a league of nations is established
America must provide a large, part !:
of a world police force necessary to
enforce the league's decrees.
Asks Power to Stop Work.
He added, however, that witt
such a league formed, it would not
be necessary to carry out the full ,
construction program and asked the v
committee to include in the bill
legislation empowering the president
to stoo construction at his discre
tion if an international agreement
should make limitation of armament
a certainty. . l. W
"I would like to let the world
know that we are tremendously in
terested in the president's proposi- '
tion for reduction of armament", de- .
clared the secretary. -
In reducing from $200,000,000 ' to'
$55.0Q.0OO the amount r asked . foi
work on the new building program
during the year beginning next July, .
Secretary Daniels said that "some
further construction was necessary
"because we want some, more mod-,
ern shins in our police force."
Mr. Daniels gave the committee
a report showing the relative
strengths of the navies of the lead
ing nations of thew orld. : Figures
for the Japanese navy were not
available, it was said. . ' : . ,
U. S. Second Power.' , !
Great Britain has in operation ot
building of battleships, 13 battle
cruisers, 31 heavy cruisers, 111 light
cruisers, 216 patrol and gunboats,
409 destroyers, 219 submarines. 98
torpedo boats, 32 flotilla leaders,
220 airships and 897 miscellaneous
ships. ' .
The United States, with the iec
ond largest navy in the world, has
built or projected 39 battleships, 6
battle cruisers. 8 armored cruisers.
40 light cruisers, 342 destroyers, ,
181 submarines, 15 coast torpedo
vessels, 17 torpedo boats and 569
other vessels. -
f i... on u:. ii
i l auv.c nan Mdiuc&llips, 1
cruisers, 8 light cruisers, 92 de-
stroyers, 121 torpedo boats, 70
submarines, 39 airships and 4 183
Italy has 18 battleships, 7 cruisers,
10 light cruisers, 5 monitors, IS
flotilla leaders, 54 destroyers, 83
torpedo boats, 85 submarines, 30 air-
ships and 442 miscellaneous vessels.
Russia before quitting the war,
had 18 battleships, 4 battle cruisers.
12 heavy and 9 light cruisers, 128
destroyers, 54 submarines, 13 tor
pedo boats, 14 airships and 90 mis
cellaneous vessels. "
Temporary Personnel Increase
Before the armistice was signed ;
Germany had 47 battleships, 6 battle
cruisers, 51 other cruisers,, 223 de-
strovpr 175 tnmrAn Kn- 9A1
submarines and 564 miscellaneous.
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