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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
GIVE HIM A YEAR'S PAID SUBSCRIPTION TO THE BEE HE'LL APPRECIATE IT.
The Omaha Daily Bee
Fair Wednesday and!
Thursday; warmer Wednes- '
llmirly Tiiuruturr j
"COMFORTABLY FIXED." ,
Basel, Dec. 24. (Havas.) Seizure
A property owned by the Prussian j
royal family f the Ilohenzollcrns)
would produce immediately the sum j
if 900,000.000 marks according to i
figures compiled by the Frankfort !
CANDLES FOR 5,250 YEARS
PROVIDED OVERSEA FORCES. :
Washington, Dec. 24. The sign-
'rig of the armistice left the Ameri- j
can expeditionary forces in France '
with enough candles to keep one
bin ning continuously and without ;
interruption for 5,250 years, accord
ing to an official statement today
from the office of the director of pur-;
chase and storage of the War de-,
partnient. The primary use of the j
candles was to furnish light in the ;
trenches and dugouts. !
BELGIAN TROOPS ENTER
GERMANY FOR FIRST TIME.
aris, Dec. 24. The first cavalry
hrigate of Belgian troops today en
tered Germany, having reached
Dalsdorf. This announcement is
made by the Relgian war depart
ment. LIVING INCREASE
52 PER CENT IN NEW YORK
New York, Dec. 24. The cost of
living in New York state has in
creased f2 per cent s:nce 1914, ac
cording to figures nude public to
night by the consumers' league of
New York. The figures, taken from
records of actual living expenses of
1,760 women, showed an average
weekly budget of $14.62, including
room and board $6.67; clothes, $4.60;
carfare, medical care and incidentals
'; $3.35. The average weekly budget
for a working woman in 1914 was
AMNESTY TO 300
Secretary of War Refuses to
Pardon Drafted Men Who
, Refused to Work in
Washington. Dec. 24 Secretary
.' jker declined today to grant gen
eral amnesty to 300 or more con
scientious objectors held in military
custody for having refused to per
form any kind of work in connection
with the army after being called for
service under the selective draft
law. . . -
, A committee styling Itself as rep
c resenting the friends of conscientious
objectors called upon Mr. Baker to
urge that blanket pardon be given
the men in custody as a Christmas
present and presented a petition said
to bear 15,000 signatures.
The secretary informed the com-'
mittee that the cases involed differed
so radically from each other that it
did not appear that any general pol
icy could be laid down, but that each
case must be dealt with on its
A commission is now studying the
problem for the War department it
problem for the War department, it
was anounced, and no formal state-
ment of the attitude of the govern
ment nor any final action on these
:ases could ,be expected until the
, report of this commission has been
received and studied.
Jilukoff Forced to
Leave France, Due
to His Hun Leanings
- Paris, Dec. 24. Paul N. Milukoff,
former Russian foreign minister,
who was accused last July of Ger
manophile leanings, has been obliged
' to leave Paris, according to the
Matin. His presence here was be-
- lieved to be unnecessary.
Professor Milukoff obtained a
passpoxfc'Tof F"rance at Constanti-
liopie bv mistake, the newspaper
says. He had been in Paris four
Prince Georges T voff and Vladi
mir X. Kokovsoff, both former Rus
sian premiers, are among the prom-
. inent Russians who have arrived in
Paris to assist the movement of uni
fying Russia and restoring order
there with entente aid. The Rus
sians here, representing many par-
ties, have apparently recoi- .ncu men
political differences and are working
toward a common end.
Each Enlisted Man
at Fort Omaha Gets
Present at "Blowout"
VOL. 48. NO. 163.
Entertd 11 Mcoiid-cltu matter May 2. 1906, at
Omaha P. 0. under act at March 3. 1879
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 25. 1918.
By Mall (I year). Dally. 14.50: Sunday. 11.30:
Dally and Sun., $5.50; outside Neb. aoitaoe extra
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A Christmas program for the en
listed men of Fort Omaha was
given in one of the garages at the
fort Tuesday night. Lieutenant
Colonel Wuest addressed the men,
nd the band of the fort played.
Each man got a present. The men
also gave a number of gifts to Mrs.
Wuest and Mrs. Saunders, wife of
. Chaplain Saunders.
Major Karl Connell
Home from War Front
v : , Maj. Karl Connell, son of W. J.
! Connell, Omaha attorney, arrived in
Offlihi vesterdav on a ten-day fur
lough, and is visiting his father and
tister, Mrs. E. A. Creighton.
Major Connell is the inventor of
Mt "Connell" and "Victory" gas
tnasks. The "Victory" masks were in
general use by the American expedi
tionary forces in France and are con
sidered the most perfect ever invent-
Major Connell is a graduate of
Central High school, Creighton Uni-
versity, and Columbia University,
Christmas Given Over Almost
Exclusively to Honoring
Soldiers; Generous Giv
ing Marks Holiday.
Christmas today in Omaha will be
passed around the riicside.
For the strangers in the city's gates
and they are many the hospitality
of the many clubs, and semi-public
associations has been extended that
they, though in new surroundings,
as nearly as possible, may exper
ience the thrills of yuletide as they
know it m their own homes.
This will be a soldiers' Christmas.
Rejoicing at the ie!urn of their
loved ones, hundreds of families will
lavish upon the boys in khaki all the
fondness that hearts made glad by
the end of the war can express.
In manv homes wliere tlii soldier
father or son still is in service, hap
piness will reign over his safety
thou eh its full expression mav be
delayed until returning armies arj
Heart of Omaha Touched.
Omaha has poured out its heart
in gift giving.
Never before in the history of the
city, though it be wartime, has such
generosity been displayed.
The jov of giving made habitual
through the year of participation in
the war, has resulted in one of the
most glorious of climaxes.
Before, the giving lias been for the
nation and its defenders. Now it is
for the defenders and the homes.
Last night in Omaha tiiis gift
spirit kept its hold until the last shop
door was closed and weary clerks
wore left but little to store away.
Think of the happinness that will
In cottage and mansion alike, this
Christmas will live in memory.
Open House Today.
Open house will rule today at tli
V. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., Army and
Navy club, Knights of Columbus
club house, Jewish Welfare board
rooms, Omaha Athletic club and Red
Cross canteen at the Union station.
The influenza epidemic has done
away with all entertainments and
musicales, but secretaries will be on
hand at tach of the above mentioned
quarters to greet strangers and
make them feel at home. Light re
freshments will be served.
Day for Dinners.
No special program for soldiers
has been arranged because of the
day's entertainment offered to most
of them through invitations to
Christmas dinners in Omaha homes.
"More invitations for dinne:
came in response to the War Camp
Community Service's call than we
had men to fill them, so we turned
over ihc surplus invitations to the
Red Cross canteen corps at the
Union station to extend to soldiers
who may be in the city between
train times on Christmas day," said
Fred S. Williams, director. "The
hostesses expressed themselves de
lighted with the plan."
Privileges of the Omaha Athletic
club will be turned over to 300 sol
diers Christmas morning at '0
o'clock. Harry Tukey and J. Clarke
Coit will act as hosts. From 10
o'clock to noon the boys will use trie
swimming tank. Aquatic races an..!
other sports will be featured. The
gymnasium is ' not yet open A
regular Christmas dinner with all
the trimmings will then be served in
the main dining room. Club mem
bers will be served in the balcony
and grill. The Fort Omaha bard
An open fire In the big fire
place, victrola music, candy mak
ing parties and light refreshments
will bi provided for the woman
away from home, all day, at the Y.
W. C. A. Miss Etta Pickering gen
eral secretary, and Miss Cora
Molby will be hostesses. Two large
Christmas trees and a quantity of
holiday greens decorate the bui'J
ing. Secretaries from the Knights of
Columbus will be at railroad sta
tions to welcome all men to the
club house at Twenty-first and
Dodge streets, where all privileges
of the club will be extended. The
Y. M. C A. and Jewish Welfare
board rooms in the Lyric building
will be open as usual.
A full force of Red Cross can
teen wcrkers will be on hand at
the canteen rest room in the Union
station. Gifts for all soldiers pass
ing through the city will be pro
vided. : .
Officers Stage Big
Dance East of Rhine
By the Associated Press.
Coblenz, Monday. Dec. 23.
Snow fell early this morning on
the high lands east of Coblenz,
within the bridgehead area occu
pied by the First iivision. On
the low land the snow melted
quickly, but in the hills the snow
lasted long enough for the sol
diers to ro some snowballing.
The first all-American dance
east of the Rhine took place Sat
urday night with General Persh
ing and General Hines looking on
for a short time. The dance was
given by the officers of the Third
corps, whose headquarters is at
Neuwied. About 100 nurses from
Coblenz and officers from divi
sions along the Rhine attended
the affair, the music for which
was furnished by an orchestra
composed of soldiers.
The Greatest Gift of All
Will Eat Dinner from 'Mess ,
Kit Then Review Troops j
at Front; Later Will j
Paris, Dec. 24. (By the Associat- j
ed Press) President Wilson left ;
Paris tonight for a week's trip,
which will take hiin to American
armybeadquarters at Chaumont and
to England. He was accompanied
by Mrs. Wilson, Rear, - Admiral
Grayson and a small party.. The
president is traveling by military
train and will reach Chaumont
On Christmas the president will
spend twelve hours in the Chaumont
region, where he will take Christmas
dinner with the men at their mess
and review 10,000 Aniericn soldiers.
Later he will inspect the billets in
several of the villages, and, return
ing to Chaumont will be the guesl of
General Pershing and his staff.
Leaves for England.
The president will kaye American
headquarters at 6 o'clock Wednes
day evening for Calais and on
Thursday morning will embark on a
warship for England. As far as is
known here there will be no further
changes in the president's program
in England unless the British gov
ernment suggests them.
American officials here are deeply
interested in the reception which
will be accorded the president by the
British people, especially in the Man
chester industrial district. The
president himself looks forward with
high expectations to a review of the
troops on his visit to England.
With his return to Paris from
England on New Year's the presi
dent hopes the most necessary pre
liminary organization work of the
American commission will be com
pleted. The business of beginning
to make peace may gtt under way
if by then the other governments
concerned have named their dele
gates. Official notification of the
appointment of the various delegates-it
is belived will come w.ithin
ten days, although it is realized
that the British delegates mav not
be chosen until the flections are en
tirely out of the way.
Meeting May Be Delayed.
The coming of German delegates
is still in an indefinite stage, while
the question of Russian representa
tion has gone no further than some
internal discussions between the
American commissioners and prom
inent Russians here. Doubts are be
ing expressed by some diplomatists
that the conference actually can be
gin work the first week of January
as expected. Some of them are in
clined to think that tiie first meet
ing might not be held until Feb
ruary. President Wilson's last official
engagement was with the Belgian
minister of foreign affairs tonight.
FOR PEACE ON EARTH
AFTER WORLD'S WAR
"Victory Christmas" Celebrated at Home and Abroad
With Boys Wearing Khaki and Blue as Guests
Of Nation; Executives Extend Season
Greetings Across Atlantic
MIDDLE WEST IS
FIRST BIG SNOW
: Railroads and Street Railways
j Handicapped in Moving
' Holiday Crowds by
Many a guest expected in Oma
ha will be late today.
Many a Christmas feast will be
delayed if friends here wait visit
I ors' coming.
i Uncle Sam's railroad administra- -I
tion is wrestling with the first
I severe storm of the winter and
I his trains are belated.
; One Rock Island train due here
; from the west yesterday afternoon
at 3:05 was 10 hours late. Union
Pacific trains from the west were
from three to four hours behind
schedule. Through trains from
the east were from four to five
Nebraska traffic conditions were
not such as to cause serious trou
ble, but farther east and west
snow and cold had disorganized
Chicago. Dec. 24. Snow and a
high wind tied up traffic generally
throughout the Great Lakes region
and the upper Mississippi valley to
day. In Chicago street traffic was
' seriously hampered and thousands of
late Christmas shoppers missed
J their dinners. Practically every
I transcontinental train from the west
was reported running 24 hours late
or not moving at all. The storm.
of unusual intensity, was the more
i keenly felt because it followed a
) long period of almost spring-like
! Few Trains in Denver.
Denver, Dec. 24. Westbound
! trains on the Atchison, Topeka &
Santa Fe railway, stalled in Kansas
: today by heavy snow fall, were mov-
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
Judge Estelle 71 Years
Old on This Christmas Day
Judge Estelle wishes all of his
friends a Merry Christmas today
which is his seventy-first brithday
Cuban Tribunal of Honor
To Fix Swordsman's Status
"The Gang's All Here"
Sing Soldiers as Transport
Docks in New York Harbor
Royal Welcome Accorded Christmas Eve Liner With Cargo
Of Enthusiastic American Doughboys Eager to Set Foot
On Soil of Native Land for Yuletide Festivities.
New York, Dec. 24. In a cold ! 1,504 wounded men from nearly
driving rain that In no way dampen- j eve.rV state in the union, their iti-
. , . 1 0-c a 'juries ranging from bullet wounds
ed their ardor, 3,865 American j j arms a,fd ,gs t0-j:)cll shock and
troops came into port today aboard j cases wnjc, require months of
the big French liner France, Christ- treatment.
mas eve ship of the fleet of trans-: There was in waiting at the dock
port that is bringing back the ! a military band and delegations
American expeditionary forces.
As the ship steamed up the river
the men crowded the deck and rig
ging and sang "Home, Swtet Home,"
"Dixie," "Hail, Hail, the Gangs All
Here," and answered their reception
from ashore with more enthusiasm! berth
.i i i j . i i i . r ti..
man nas Deen mspiayeu nereioiure
of any transport. They seemed
thoroughly to appreciate their good
fortune in getting back to American
soil the day before Christmas.
The returning troops included
from the canteen service of the
American Red Cross. The enthu
siasm and "home for Christmas"
spirit that was displayed during the
trip up the harbor was more than
doubled as the ship rounded into her
The appearance of the Red Cross
flag, the uniformed members of
the Salvation army nr.d other relief
organizations on the dock brought
forth a great outburst of cheers
from the happy 'soldiers.
WILSON TO HAVE i DANIELS THINKS
BIG RECEPTION COUNTRY PROUD
AT GUILD HALL OF BATTLE FLEET
Elaborate Preparations Being Secretary of Navy Says Amer
Made in London to Wei- i icans Will Greet Men as
come President "Valiant Victors."
Question Qualifications of
Editor and Member of
Congress as "Gentle
men" Before Duel.
Havana. Dec. 24. The question
whether Food Administrator Andre
should meet Carlos Mendieta, editor
of the El Heraldo an3 a member of
congress, in a duel has been sub
mitted to a "tribunal of honor." The
duty of the tribunal is. to examine
into the evidence presented as to
whether Senor Mendieta is a "gen
tleman" and therefore qualified to
demand satisfaction at the hands of
Senor Mendieta challenged Andre
as the direct outcome of a letter ad
dressed to him by Andre, in which
the food administrator accused the
editor of cowardice in connection
with the revolution . of February
Should the tribunal decide in favor
of Mendieta. a duel is believed to be
inevitable. Andre is considered one
of the finest swordsmen in Cuba.
Andre and, Mendieta fought a duel
several years' ago, which resulted in
Mendieta receiving a sword thrust in
London, Dec. 24. A large force
of workmen is arranging the Guild
hall for the reception to President
Wilson there on Saturday. A board
floor is being placed over the stone
flagging and a dias is being erected
at one end of the hall. Bright new
allied flags are being hung.
The president will be received at
the door by the lord mayor and es
corted to the dias. while the c"m
mon council assembles on the plat
form. The town clerk will ihm
read the resolution providing for
the address of welcome and the
official reception. The president will
reply to the welcome of the lord
mayor, after which he will be con
ducted to a carriage and driven to
the mansion house, where he will be
a guest at luncheon.
Representatives of the American
embassy and allied governments,
the army and navy, and all the mem
bers of the war cabinet have been
invited. The capacity of the Guild
hall is limited and only 1,200 in
vitations have been issued. Details
of the luncheon are not yet com
pleted, but preparations are being
made for 250 guests, including the
most prominent of those who will
attend the reception in the Gui'd
Washington, Dec. 24. Confidence
j that the American people will greet
the officers and men of the return
ing battleship squadron "with pride
I and congratulations" and as "valiant
j victors," was expressed by Secretary
I Daniels tonight on the eve of his
j departure for New York to review
l the home-coming naval units,
j The American dreadnaughts
! though denied the opportunity of
winning a great sea victory, urn
more, said the secretary, for they
co-operated in receiving the sur
render of the entire German fleet.
Secretary Daniels and many gov
ernment and diplomatic officials will
leave Washington tomorrow after
noon for New York. The presiden
tial yacht Mayflower, from which the
naval secretary and his party vill re
view the returning battleships
Thursday, is now enroute to New
Secretary Daniels announced to
night the names of those who will
be his guests aboard the Mayflower
at the review. Included in the num
ber will be former Ambassadors
Gerard, Morgenthau, Elkus, Van
Dyke and Penfield. Mrs. George
Dewey, widow of the late admiral
Dewey, will be the guest of Mrs.
Sinn Feiners Score Victory
by Election of Candidates,
Dublin, Dec. 24. The Sinn Fein
scored a marked victory yesterday
by the election of Prof. John Mac
Neill of Dublin university as the uni
versity representative in Parliament.
He received twice as many votes as
Prof. Conway, the nationalist candidate.
Cardinal Gibbons Has No
Fear of Social Upheaval
Baltimore, Dec. 24. Cardinal Gib
bons, in a statement today said he
had no fear that socialism would
become an issue to be dreaded in
the period of reconstruction and
that the good sense of the American
working people would check any so
By Associated Press.
Washington, Dec. 24. Christmas eve found the Ameri
can people preparing for a Christmas day of peace.
Four Christmas days in a world at war upon one of
which the United States was engaged actively in the con
flict seemed to have intensified the dominant spirit o the
season, the spirit of peace and good will. Immediately upon
the ending of hostilities the American people began prepara
tions for the holiday season and tonight it appeared that
Christmas of 1918 would be a memorable one in the nation's
EVEN HUN HONOR
HAS BEEN LOST,
Cologne Paper Speaks Bitter
ly of Sordid Acts of U
Boat Crews at Time
London, Dec. 24. (British Wire
less.) Commenting on the handing
over to the British of the German
submarine U-9 by the German crew,
who seized this opportunity to re
turn 500 marks per man paid by Ger
many as compensation for taking
the boats to England, the Cologne
Volks Zeitung says:
"Even when the astounding his
tory of the Russian rubles given to
the German people's deputies, was
related, we had patience. We had
indeed still one consolation
Through this night of universal
misfortune the splendor of our
armies' fame glistened with friendly
radiance never to disappear so long
as men walked on earth.
"Shall we now be robbed of this
consolation in the solitude and si
lence of our misery? Is it possible
in Germany that even "Red" sailors
could have sold for 500 marks.
"A British admiral (Beatty) re
nounces the handing over of a U
boat which as victor he wishes, with
noble gesture, to bestow upon the
vanquished, as one is accustomed
to leave his sword to the brave
commannder of a conquered fort
ress. Revolutionaries in German
naval uniform prefer, we are told,
500 marks. These dishonorable men
venture again to tread German soil
with their wages of sin.
"Can it really be true? Many a
tear would flow in the German fath
erland. So, everything is lost, in
cluding honor. Wc could not then
sink lower in the estimation of the
world it is impossible."
Misquoting and Memory
Slip Is Cause of Error
In commenting on famous legal
cases in which the late General
John C. Cowin participated, The
Bee, last Saturday, quoted Mayor
Smith to the effect that one of these
cases w5s that in which a son of
P. E. Her was charged with the
accidental shooting1 of his wife.
Of course, this was an error, as
the son of P. E. lier has never
been implicated in anything of the
"The mistake occured," said
Mayor Smith, "partly through my
being misquoted and partly through
the fault of my own memory.
"I think I said this case had to
do with a son-in-la v of Mr. Her
That was not correct. It was the
case of John W. Lauer who had
married a distant relative of Mr.
"Mr. Lauer was acquitted at his
second trial. He proved that he had
shot his wife accidentally. It seems
she arose during the night. While
she was moving about the room,
her husband awoke, h tight she was
a burglar and shot her."
In all sections of the country re-
' turning soldiers and iailors will be
! the center of tomorrow's celebration
' although hundreds oi thousands of
; those who aided in making a peace-
ful Christmas possible yet remain
i abroad. All efforts luve been di
rected toward carrying) to them the
j Christmas cheer home. The Red
i Cross said that every member of
! the American expeditionary forces
was assured of a Christmas box.
Wilson Sends Message.
1 -To the folks at home, President
Wilson, himself spending Christmas ,
in another land by reason of his
' attendance at the preliminary meet-,
ines of the peace conference sent.
a message of assurance that the
boys in France were in fine form
and in fine spirits. The president
in his message, which was cabled to
this country from Frai.ce and given
out tonight at the White House ,
"I hope that it will cheer the
the people at home to know that ;
I find their boy over here iit fine
form and in fine spirits, esteemed -by
all those with whom they have
been associated in the war and
trusted wherever they go, and they ,
will also, I am sure be cheered by
the knowledge of '.he fact that .,
throughout the great nations with
which we have been associated in
this war public opinion strongly
sustains all propsals for a just and '
lasting peace and a close co-operation
of the self-governing peoples
of the world in making that peace
secure after its present settle
ments are formulated. Nothing
could constitute a mote acceptable
Christmas reassurance than , the
sentiments which 1 find every
Message From Pershing.
Messages also were exchanged be
tween the American armies in
France and the forces at home, Gen
eral Pershing sending a message to
General March, chief of staff, to
which the latter replied. General
Pershing's message follows:
"Please accept for the officers and
men of the American army in the
United States cordial Christmas
greetings and best wishes for the
comiiiir years from the American
General March replied: . '
"Christmas greetings to yourself
and the American expeditionary
force. A Happy New Year and a
speedy return home."
Secretary Daniels sent broadcast
(Continued on Tags Two, Column Foot.)
No Evening Bee will be
issued today, Christmas
day, but subscribers will
be served with the Morn
ing Bee instead, thus per
mitting our employes to
have this holiday.
Kautsky Lays Blame
for War on Army
and Industrial Heads
, Washington, Dec. 24. Responsi
bility for the war and its prolonga
tion is ascribed by Mr. Kautsky, '
commissary of the people at the
German foreign office, to the follow
ing, in order:
First. The German emperor anc
the crown prince; second, Genera
Ludendnrff and Admiral von Tir
pitz; third, the great industrial con
cerns, and fourth the pan-Germans
This view of Mr. Kautsky, who i;
examining documents in the arch
ives of the foreign ministry, wa
given to a correspondent of the
Petit Parisien in an interview, quota
tions front which reached Washing
ton today in official dispatches.
The documents so far as examinee
Kautsky said, prove the truth of
statements made by Dr. Muelhon.
director of the Krupp factories, and
by Prince Lichnowski. Germanam
bassador to England at the outbreak
of the war, both of whom have laid
the war at Germany's doors.
The first part of the documents
relating to the cause of the war will
be made public within a month,
Kautsky said, and at the same time
the Austrian government will pub
lish some of the documents found
in the archives of Ballplat
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