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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
POPE WILL PONTIFICATE
AT GREAT PEACE CEREMONY
Rome. vXov. 19. (British Wire
less Serivec.) Cardinal Gasparri.
papal secretary o state, has invited
the cardinals throughout the world
and the patriarchs to meet in Rome
for a great religious ceremony in
St. I'eter's on the day of the sign
ing of peace. Tope Benedict will
NO RED FLAG ALLOWED
BY NEW YORK MAYOR
New York. Nov. 18 To prevent
occurences in New York of "the
horrors and outrages of unrestrain
ed mobs," which arc now causing
anxiety in neutral countries abroad
"in this critical time," Mayor Hy
ian' today directed Police Commis
sioner Enright "to disperse all un
authorized assemblages and prevent
t' public display of the red flag in
MAY OPEN "VICTORY SING"
New York, Nov. 18. The na
tional council of women tonight
sent Miss Margaret Woodrow Wil
son, daughter of the president, an
invitation to open the 'Victory
Sing" ht France Thanksgiving day
by singing "The Star-Spangled
Banner" at the same moment that
millions of Americans at home
under the auspices of the council,
join in the national anthem.
The Young Men's Christian s
sociation has cabled to its secreta
ries overseas a letter from Secre
tary of War Baker, expressing his
wish that "Victory Sings" be held
in every camp, hospital and rest
billet of the American expeditionary
forces. "Sings" also will be held,
: . 1 1l ' n
ii is amiuuiiccu, w an 1 ouiik ixieii s
Christian association army huts in
the United States.
JOY BELLS ARE SET
RINGING IN PARIS
Paris, Nov. 18. The population of
Paris, after an imposing celebration
of the liberation of Alsace and Lor
raine, turned out again last night
and crowded the streets, particularly
the important boulevards, which
; were lighted in full glory as in times
before the war. Until long after
midnight this morning voices in
laughter and song fillled the air. The
people, with linked hands, whirled
around every American soldier
whom they met. The conventions
disappeared. Young and old were
kissing and being kissed, happy
over their freedom from the burden
of war. They sang not only French
tunes and English songs, but Amer
ican favroites like "Over There" and
Sunday there was a mass and
thanksgiving service attended by a
large number of representatives of
the nations which had fought, with
France to final victory.
Villi ENTER BIG
THE INDUSTRIAL EAST AND " PRODUCTIVE WEST SHAKE HANDS THROUGH OMAHA.
riTl A . TPK -rr tt -r TTTi-ir-t-n-
U W W mU A U A A V rr H . H
VOL. 48. NO. 132.
Ettrd ti weoRd-eliu aiatttr May w. 1906. at
Omaha P. 0. iindar act ( March J. 1879
OMAHA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1918.
y Mall (I yaar). Dally, $4.90; Sunday, I2.J0:
Dally aid Sua., iiO; (utilda Ntb., poitag axtra.
Iowa and Nebraikat Fair Tuts
day and probably Wednesday. Not
much change in temperature.
S a. m Ml p. m 4t
fl a. in M i p. m 41
7 a. m SAX p m l
a a. m 314 p. m 41
a. in SS 5 p. m 41
10 a. m .....166 p. m .....4l
11 a. ni S 7 p m 43
13 m 40 8 p. m 41
Metz Will Be Occupied by
Army Led by General Pe
tain; On to Strass
: burg Sunday.
. By Associated Press.
Paris, Nov. 18. (British Wire
less Service) It is officially an
nounced that French troops led by
General Petain will enter Metz to
morrow. Subsequently, General Cas- j
telnau and General Mangin will
follow with the armies."
: The entry into Strassburg, which
;vil( be headed by Marshal Foch,
take place next Sunday and Monday.
English Continue March.
. London, Nov. 18. Field Marshal
llaig's report on the advance of the
British troops says:
' "The Second and Fourth armies
continued their march today. Our
ailvanrcH rnfins reached the Gen
eral line of Florennes, Charleroi,
Seneffee and Hal."
Name New Governors.
'Faris, Nov. 18. Havas) General
' De Maud'Huy, vh6 is a native of
Lorraine, nas Deen appoinica gov
ernor of Metz. says the Temps. Gen
eral Bourgeois has been named
governor of Strassburg.
At a cabinet meeting today pre
sided over by President Poincare
it was decided to appoint as com
missioners of the republic at Strass
burg, Metz, and Colmar, Georges
Maringer, director or the secret
service; M. Miram, prefect of the de
partment of Meurth Et Moselle, and
M. Boulet, respectively.
J King Albert in Ghent.
. : Ghent, Nov. 18. (By Associated
' Press.) King Albert, Queen Eliza
beth and Prince Leopold of Bel
gium made their official entrance
into Ghent. Huge crowds, delirious
with enthusiasm," lined the streets.
Th rnval nartv moved amontr the
cheering throngs amid showers of
'roses and chrysanthemums. .very
balcony, window and roof was cov
rA with npnnle. some of whom
clung perilously to chimneys and
Happy Civilians Greet Amer
icans as Briey Is Entered;
Rapidly; Guns Taken.
By Associated Press
With the American Armv of Oc
cupation, Nov. 18. (6 p. in.)
American trnons entered Briev. the
heart of Lothringyan iron fields, at
11 o clock this morning, there
were arches across the main street
and the town was bedecked with
flags. Fifteen hundred civilians
greeted the troops.
After a welconme by the Briey offi
cials, the thirty-eighth infantry band
of the Third division gave a concert
then the Americans lunched trom
rolling kitchens, a large number of
released Russians also being fed.
Outwardly Briey showed few in
dications of the war, the buildings
being intact, but there were German
siens everywhere, nointine in the
direction of ammunition dumps and
the various headquarters.
The Germans abandoned a large
number of trucks and DOrtable
dynamos in Briey, owing to their
haste Nto withdraw their troops.
On Verdun Front
With the American Army North
east of Verdun, Nov. 18. Twenty
two large caliber guns and great
stores of lumber, barbed wire and
various kinds of material used by
engineers were formally turned over
to the Americans by the Germans
today at Bouligny. Much of the
materia is new. -
With the American Army of Oc
cupation. Nov. 18. (By Associated
Press) The Germans are with
drawing as rapidly as possible. In
the towns now occupied by the
Americans great stores including
machine guns, cannon and ammuni
tion have been found. At Tellan
court there is a big airdrome, but
most of the planes left were dam
aged, some apparently intentionally
so. The hood of one machine had
been pierced by a dozen pistol shots,
probably in an endeavor to injure
Business at Virton, northeast of
Montmedy, was proceeding steadily
an hour after the Americans entered.
It was America's day in Belgium.
The residents had decorated their
shops and homes with thousands of
flags of the allies and the civilian
guards also appeared in brand new
uniforms, which they had been sav
With the American Army in Lor
raine, Nov. 18. (By Associated
Precc Parlv tnio mnrniiiff the
American advance toward the Rhine
(Continued on Face Two, Column Four.)
With the American Army North
east of Verdun. Nov. 18. (By As
sociated Press.) To the Third
American army under the com
mand of General Dickman went the
honor of the move forward yester
day. Last night the new line was
approximately 15 kilometers north
northeastward, although at some
points a greater depth had been at-
The divisions leading are the Sec
ond and Thirty-second of the corps
commanded y General Hines and
the Third and Fourth corps, General
FORMER BAVARIAN PRINCE
OCCUR THIS WEEK
Event of Delivery to Allies of Germany's Fleet of Ships
Unprecedented in History; Speculation as to
Final Disposition of Prize; Leaves
London, Nov. 18. (British Wireless Service.) This
week will see the greatest naval surrender which the world
has ever witnessed.
A great fleet of jGerman battleships, battle cruisers and
light cruisers and destroyers will leave port Monday morning
at 5 o'clock for an unknown destination. They will be met
by the British fleet, accompanied by American and French
representatives 'and conducted to their destination.
A Berlin telegram received in Amsterdam gives this list
of the vessels to be handed over:
. Battleships Kaiser, Kaiserin, Konig Albert, Kronprinz
Wilhelm, Prinz Regent Luitpold, Markgraf, Grosser Kur
fuerst, Bayern, Konig and Friedrich Der Grosse.
Battle Cruisers Hindenburg, Derflinger, Seydlitz,
Moltke and Von Der Tann.
Light Cruisers Bremen, Brummer, Frankfurt, Koeln,
Dresden and Emden.
The German cruiser Dresden was sunk off Falkland
islands by the British under Admiral Sturdee, while the Em
den was sunk in the Indian ocean after it had raided shipping
in the far east. It is probable that old ships had been given
the names of the ships sunk, or that new ships have been
built to replace them.
No Word in Washington.
Washington, Nov. 18. There was
no announcement here today regard
ing the delivery of the fleet of bat
tleships, battle cruisers and light
cruisers which Germany was re
quired, under the terms of the ar
mistice, to surrender today to the
associated nations. Nor was there
any information as to the names of
the ports at which the vessels were
to be interned.
There was much speculation as
to the final disposition of the ships,
but, in the absence of any official
information, many officers thought
tk;i matter would be left until the
peace conference meets.
Stripped of Half Fleet.
The armistice provided that the
vessels were to be disarmed tefore
they left Germany and that th j
were to be interned at neutral or al
lied ports as the associated govern
ments might direct with only care
takers on board.
Publication of the names of the
battleships and cruisers which
were designated by the associated
governments for delivery reveals
that Germany L stripped of at
least half of the fleet of dread
naughts which it had in Commis
sion or buildine when the war be
gan and of practically all of its
Ex-Crown Prince Rupprecht.
Basel, Nov. 18. The marriage of
Rupprecht, the former crown prince
of Bavaria, and Princess Antoinette
of Luxemburg, which had been fixed
for "November, has been postponed
until the middle of January, accord
ing to a message from Munich.
The former Bavarian crown prince
commanded the German armies on
the northern section of the western
front until August of this year, when
he returned to Munich for a rest.
He is 49 years old and a widower,
his first wife having died six "ears
aeo. Princess Antoinette was born
in 1899. and is one of five sisters of
the' Grand Duchess Marie of Luxem
burg. , . .
OF RED GROSS
Red Cross Officials Refuse to
v Give Specific Reason for
Capt. Fred L. Good, who recruited
Omaha boys for Red Cross ambul
ance service overseas, has been let
out of the service, according to in
formation from Major Hardy and
Chairman Gardiner of the Central
division personnel bureau.
Rumors vary as to the reason.
Prominent Red Cross officials
ascribe it to "reasons best known to
J. E. Davidson, chairman of Ne
braska Red Cross bureau of person
nel, said he had no further knowl
edge of the affair than that Captain
Good was no longer in Red Cross
Criticism was directed at Captain
Good while he was in Omaha for
the unbusinesslike manner in which
Omaha boys were recruited. Cap
tain Good first accepted 150 men and
boys, but before he left Omaha, dis
missed SO of this number. Many of
the rejected list had already given
up good jobs they were holding, ex
pecting to be called into the Red
Cross service and were forced to
seek other employment.
Information is that Captain Good
was instructed to recruit but 30 men
in this territory.
When the Omaha contingent of
107 arrived in Camp Scott barracks
where no accommodations had been
provided, the commanding officer
severely reprimanded Captain Good
in the presence of the Omaha boys,
according to M. V. Henson, Omaha
boy in the corps, who is home on
furlough with his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. B. V. Henson. The major
said he had no accommodations for
Subsequently 20 more boys were
returned to Omaha, some physically
A prominent Red Cross official
stated that Captain Good had made
himself, obnoxious to women at
work in Red Cross headquarters.
Bavarian Queen Alive.
London, Nov. 18. The report of
the death of the former queen of
Bavaria is untrue, according to a
Munich dispatch received by the
Central News by way of Amsterdam
dam. The dispatch adds that the
queen is seriously ill.
Maria Theresa lost her position
as queen on November 8, when her
husband. Kins Ludwig, was forced
to abdicate. Her death was re
ported last week by the Tageblatt,
Yankees in Frdnce
To Observe Fathers
Day November 23
Paris, Nov. 18. The Stars
and Stripes, the organ of the
American expeditionary force has
arranged for November 23, as the
day upon which all the American
troops shall write home to father.
Special delivery arrangements are
under wcy in order that Fathers'
day" shall be as successful as
"Mothers Day," May 12, last It
is. hoped that the fathers will
write to their sons on the same
dy. . , " -
Last Legal "Prftp"
Gone in Mooney Case;
Fate Up to Governor
San Francisco, Cal.. Nov. 18.
The fate of Thomas J. Mooney
rested tonight solely in the hands
of Gov. William D. Stephens, and
no inkling has come from the state
capital as to what the executive's
attitude will be. Mooney, who was
sentenced to hang following his
conviction on a murder charge
growing out of the preparedness
day bomb explosion here on July
22, 1916, is in San Quentin (Cal.)
When the United States supreme
court today refused the petition of
Mooney's counsel to review his
case, the "last legal prop of the de
fense," his attorney here said, was
knocked from under Mooney.
Men Who May Represent
U. S. at Peace Conference
HOUSE,. If, W AS1SS3.
f ROOT. L... J
PRESIDENT TO BE
PRESENT AT PEACE
Departure Will Set Precedent in Nation's History; First
Chief Executive to Leave North Americ?
During Term of Office; His Status
Three prominent Americans, Sec
retary of State Lansing, Elihu Root
and Justice Louis D Brandeis, who
are being mentioned in official cir
cles at Washington as the repre
sentatives of the United States at
the coming peace conference. Presi
dent Wilson has decided to go to
Europe as head of the American
delegation. If the president does
not go, Secretary Lansing, because
of his knowledge of European af
fairs, will in all probability be
appointed head of the mission. - Col
E. M. House, who is at present in
Europe, will undoubtedly act in the
capacity of unofficial adviser to the
Fears Disturbances in Hol
land; Dutch Embarrassed;
Russian Bolsheviki Not
Welcome in Germany.
Basle, Nov. 18. (Havas) The
German authorities, according to
a dispatch from Berlin, have noti
fied the Russian bolshevik govern
ment that1 representatives must
not be sent to Germany.
A week ago the whistles blew,
announceing the advent of vic
tory. Joyous and unrestrained,
the whole country celebrated,
but most of all did joy reign in
the hearts of the war brides who
gave up their men at the call of
How, then, did you feel when
the glorious news of peace came?
The Bee has printed countless
interesting letters from the boys
"over there." Now we want to
hear the other side from the
brave women at home.
The Omaha' Bee offers eight
prizes for theVst letters not to
exceed 150 words on "What the
Coming of Peace Means to Me."
The best three will receive ?1
prizes and excellent books will
be given the five honorable men-
Your name will not be used in
the paper if you prefer, but send
full name and address in case juju
win a prize.
War brides and war mothers
are both eligible in the contest.
Write at once. Address War
Brides Contest Editor, Omaha
Bee. Awards will be announced
Basel, Switzerland, Nov. 18.
Havas) The minister of war of
Wurttemberg, has resigned, ac
cording to a dispatch from Stutt-
gart.. He has been replaced by
First Sergeant Fisher.
Amsterdam, Nov. 18. The former
German empress has arrived in Hol
land, making the trip by airplane,
according to the Zenenar corre
spondent of the Telegrarf.
London, Nov. 18. The Potsdam
soldiers' and workmen's committee
learns that William Hohenzollern
intends to return to Germany be
cause of disturbances in Holland,
according to a Copenhagen dispatch
to the Exchange Telegraph com
pany. The Lokal Anzeiger of Ber
lin states that he is likely to be per-'
mitted to return.
Maarn, Holland, Nov. 18. Count
Charles von Bentinck, son of Count
Godard, in an interview declared
that his father was unaware of the
intended coming of the former Ger
man emperor until last Sunday,
when the Dutch government asked
him if he would receive the exile.
The count acceded to the request as
a duty to the Dutch government.
The former emperor's host seems
somewhat embarrassed over the del
icate charge given him, as his fam
ily has considerable English con
nections. Count Charles said that
he asked the former emperor:
"Well, how long will you remain?"
"That depends upon the Dutch
government," was the reply.
DRY MEASURE TO
GO TO PRESIDENT
Is Accepted by Senate for
Duration of Demobilization
Expect Its Passage.
Washington, Nov. 18. -Final leg
islative action was taken today by
the ' senate on the national "war
time" "prohibition bill effective July
lnext, and continuing during de
mobilization. The measure will go
Thursday to President Wilson for
his approval, confidently expected
by prohibition advocates.
The senate struck out the Wash
ington rent profiteering rider, which
had held up the bill, and adopted
the contcrence report on the re
mainder of the provisions, which the
house already had approved.
The bill would stop sales of dis
tilled, malt or vinous beverages June
30, 1919, and thereafter during the
war and demobilization. Manufac
ture of distilled spirits now is pro
hibited under the food control law.
which will expire with the world
Bolsheviki Seek to
Says Balfour in House
London, Nov. 18. Information
at the disposal of the British gov
ernment, Foreign Secretary Bal
four declared in the House of
Commons, today, is to the effect
that the deliberate policy of the
boLhevik government in Russia
is one of extermination by starva
tion, murder and the wholesale
executions of all persons who do
not support their regime,
Prince Gunther Declares
Readiness to Abdicate
Basle, Switzerland, Nov. 18.
Prince Gunther of Schwarzburg
Rudolstadt, a principality of Ger
many, at the demand of the Diet,
has deqfared his readiness to ab
dicate according to a dispatch from
Declares Understanding of
Armistice, Regarding Left
Bank of Rhine, Neces
sary to Avoid Trouble.
By Associated Press.
London, Nov. 18. A long wire
less dispatch signed by Dr. Solf,
the German foreign secretary, ad
dressed to the American, French
and Italian governments has been
picked up here.
The dispatch asks for elucidation
"in a mollifying sense" of the condi
tions of the armistice concerning
the left bank of the Rhine, without
which "we shall inevitably advance
towatd more or less bolshivist
conditions which might become
dangerous to neighboring states."
By the Associated Press.
Washington, Nov. 18. -President Wilson will attend the
opening sessions of the peace conference. This was an
nounced tonight officially. He will go immediately after the
convening of the regular session of congress, December 12. .
This official statement was issued at the White House t
"The president expects to sail for France immediately
after the opening of the regular session of congress for the!
purpose of taking part in the discussion and settlement of
the main features of the treaty of peace.
"It is not likely that it will be possible for him to remain -throughout
the sessions of the formal peace conference, but
his presence at the outset is necessary in order to obviate the
manifest disadvantage of discussion by cable" in determining
the greater outline of the final treaty about which he mut
necessarily be consulted.
He will, of course, be accompanied by delegates who
will sit as the representatives of the United States throughout
"The names of delegates will be presently announced."
' y-N -
How long the president will re
main abroad he himself probably
cannot say now. The time for the
convening of the peace conference
has not yet been announced, butr
the general belief is that it cannot
be assembled before late in Decem
ber, at the earliest. If such provea
the case, the president will be absent
from the country at least ; a
month and probably longer.
What plans the president may
make for his trip other than to at
tend the opening of the peace con
ference and to participate in the dis
cussions amongf the representatives
ot the associate nations, which will
precede it, have not been revealed.
He undoubtedly will be accompanied
by Mrs. Wilson, and it is expected
here that besides visiting Paris,
where the peace congress probably
will be held, he will go to London
and possibly to Brussels and Rome.
Mr. Wilson is expected to receive
abroad a greeting which has been ac
corded but few men in public life.
He will be welcomed not only as the
president of the United States and
the commander of its armies and
navy, but also as the champion of
world democracy. '
Establishes Precedent .
Visiting Europe, the president will
establish two precedents. He will
be the first executive of the United
States to participate in a peace con
ference for the settling of issues
growing out of a war in which thrt
country participated, and likewise he
will be the first president to leave
North America during his term oi
In reaching his decision to attend
the peace conferences, President
Wilson is understood to have been
largely influenced by representation
from Premiers Lloyd George of
Great Britain and Clemenceau of
France and other statesman of the
entente countries. The principles
and terms of settlement enunciated
by the president have been accepted
by both the associated nations and
the central powers as the basis upon
which peace is to be re-established,
and it is Inderstood that it is for
the working out of the application
of these principles that his presence
is so earnestly desired by the allied
At Peace Table.
Since the president is to sail for
France early next month, it seems
certain that he will reach Paris sev
eral weeks .before the peace con
gress assembles. His purpose is
believed here to be to participate ir
(Continued on Pago Two, Column One.)
Form New Council.
Amsterdam, Nov. 18. A provi
sional council has been fbrmed at
Berlin under the presidency of Dr.
Reisser, head of the Hansa league,
for the organization of a citizens'
committee to -afeguard the -ights
of citizens, and to support the gov
ernment. The council demands an
immediate constituent assembly.
A Luxemburg dispatch says that
the chamber today adopted a mo
tion demanding a referendum to de
cide the future form of government.
The chamber desires that the
grand duchess abstain from all gov
ernmental action pending the ref
erendum A motion supported by the lib
erals and socialists, demanding the
abdication of the grand duchess and
th establishment of a republic was
Representatives of a hundred reg
iments in a meeting at Berlin de
manded immediate convocation of
a national assembly, according to
advices from that city. The inde
pendent socialists have issued a
proclamation glorifying the revolu
"Politicians who agreed to the
disgraceful Brest-Litovsk treaty
cannot complain if the entente
treats them similarly."
The proclamation appeals to the
socialists of foreign countries not to
allow their brothers to be op
Belligerent Nations Spent
. $175,000,000,000 Up to May
By Associated Press.
Washinton, Nov. 18. The direct
cost of the war for all belligerent na
tions to last May 1, was reported
at about $175,000,000,000 by the fed
eral reserve board bulletin is ued
here today, and it is estimated the
cost will amount to nearly $200,000.
000,000 before the end of this year.
These calculations were compiled by
the board from varied sources, and,
while their' accuracy U not vouched
for, the board believVs the figures are
For purely military and naval pur
poses it is estimated that all bellig
erents had spent about $132,000,000,
000 to May 1, or about three-fourths
of the total war cost. The balance
represented interest on debt and
other indirect war expenses.
How the cost mounted as the war
grew in proportion from year to year
is illustrated by tabulation- showing
that th ? mobilization and the first
five months of the war in 1914 cost
all belligerents about $10,000,000,000.
In 1915 the expenses jumped to $26,
000,000,000; in 1916 they increased to
$38,000,000,000. and in 1917 they
were estimated at $60,000 000 ()m
This year expenses have run a little
aDove me rate last year.
About $150,000,000,000 of the total
war cost has been raised by war
loans of various nations and com
paratively little by taxation. The
public debt of the principal entente
allies is calculated at approximately
iua,uw,uuu,uuu, or more than twice as
much as the aggregate debt of the
central powers, estimated at $45,
000.000,000. This does not take into considera
tion debt incurred since last May,
Will Ship 18,000 Men
From English Shores
, During Next 10 Days
London, Nov. 18. The first Amer
ican troops to depart homeward as
a result of the signing of the armis
tice will be 18,000 men stationed in
England. The American army ex
pects to start the first shipload of
th ese soldiers homeward within a
week and to have all the men on
their way back to the United States
10 days later.
Lutherans of Swedish,
' Birth in New Church
New York, Nov. 18 The Au
gustiana synod, comprising nearly
1,000,000 Lutherans of Swedish
birth or descent residing west of
the Mississippi river, vtas iven rep
resentation on the foreign mission
hoard of the United Lutheran
church in America in a resolution
adopted by the latterorgariization
here today. The united church also
pledged co-operation with the
Swedish congregations in their mis
sionary work in Japan and th Vir.
gin islands. '
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