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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
ALL THE LATEST WAR NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE
NATIONWIDE "GAS MASK"
DAY FOR ARMY PLANNED
New York, O'cU 31. The chem
ical warfare division of the army to
day sent teltgra: s to the governors
oi all states requesting that they
designate by proclamation a day
to 'f. observed throughout the state
, as "gas mask" day for the gather
ing of fruit pits and nut shells for
making charcoal for gas masks. It
is requested pecple be 1. . :1 to save
; shells and pit's for that day and in
rural communiies to organize nut
- SHOES CLASSIFIED
IN FOUR DIVISIONS.
Washington Oct. 31. The war in
t dustries buard announced today that
- shoes Mill be Ll-'ssified in the price
, filing j-rogram recently decided
upo.. if - four dilsions instead of
three. The additional class will in
1 .elui- ail those selling at less than
. 5m pain Ihe otner tr.ree riass
; divisions are! CU?s A, $9 to $12;
: Class B, $6 to E.9S, and Clas C,
U. S. TROOPS AT FRONT
' ARE TO BE KEPT WARM.
i With the American Army in
I Fuce, Oct. 31. American fighting
f men at the front are to keep warm
inis winter. The forestry section
ot, the American expeditionary
' fotee has promised to deliver
' s in the road ready to be
, hauled ""to the men at the front
' before the first of January 1.100.000
; :ubic meters of fuel wood. This is
j iquWalent to a pile of wood' a yard
wid and a yard high stretching
; :rom laris to Berlin,
j Thousands of foresters now are
busy in the French forests gather-
ing and cutting the wood, which
Aomes from dead wood and refuse.
: The fine ttees of which the French
, are so proud are not being cut
VOL. 48. NO. 117.
Cilml u HcnlUn Bitttr May 2S. IMS at
Dank P. 0. r t Hank 3. 117
OMAHA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1918.
By Mall l yr). Dally, MM: ttttrr. S2.U:
Dally Sw., UMi wttM Nak. aauaa tr
For Nebraska: Fair and wtrat
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VI U U LA U U U
BURY FLU VICTIMS
IV COMMUNITY GRAVES
Juarez, Mexi, Oct. 31. All efforts
to bury the dead from Spanish in
fluenza in individual graves and in
coffins have been abandoned in
Mexico and community graves are
being dug in many towns where
bodies- are being Juried at the rate
of from SO to 100 daily letters re
ceived here from the interior today
stated The cemeteries have even
been abandoned as burying places
and the open fields are being use be
muse of the large number of the
death One hundred deaths oc
curred in Parral Sunday.
Executive Sends" Out Letter
:r With State Sea!,: Calling
:;-Attention to "War Gov
- ' In his desperate effort to gain re
election. Governor Neville not only
ascribes to himself the designation
of "Nebraska's war governor." but
he goeV further by branding all op
posing his candidacy, as being "not in
sympathy with our country's cause."
, . This latest outbreak of the gov
Lenjor appears in, the form of letters
' addressed to members of the lome
Guard companies of Nebraska, the
appeal being on letter heads of the
' executive offices, bearing the sear-of
the state in colors. The letters have
been characterized by some of the
recioients as the most audacious po-
litical act of any governor this states
has ever had.
In effect, Neville challenges the
patriotism of all who refuse to sup
He makes the solemn declara
tion that he is an asset to the gov
ernment, otherwise he would not
seek re-rtection, but would enter
active military service.
The casual political observer rises
to a point o privilege to inquire just
at what time and place did the
'governor determine that he was an
"asset" to the government." "It
must have been after the-'Lucky
Seventh' ceased to function," the
Roasts Those Opposed.
.Indexing free democrats with
those who "are not in sympathy with
our country'c cause," is said to have
aroused the fighting spirit of that
faction of Nebraska democracy
which is endeavoring to rid the state
of the Hitchcock-Mullen-Neville
The second section of the gov
ernor's appeal to the Home Guards
follows: " -
"I am a candidate for re-election
as goverffor of Nebraska. If I did
not feel that Biy experience in co
operating with the federal govern
ment, was an asset to my country
in the prosecution of the war, I
would not be a candidate" for re
election, but would seek service in
the military establishment It is a
well-known fact that those who are
not in synmathey with our coun
try's cause arer' striving with might
and main to bring about my defeat
I brieve that you are disposed to
lay partisanship asideand vote to
rontinue in office men who have
C tina a Tutu Two. Calomm FlveJ
Bernstorff Recalled From
Constantinople to Berlin
Basel. Switzerland, Oct 31. The
Frankfort Zcirunga copy of which
has been received here, savs Count
von Bernstorff. Gfrman ambassador
"to lorkey, will arrive in Berlin rn
day, having been recalled from the
Constantinople embassy less on ac
count of recent events in Turkey
than the necessity to have soma one
n Berlin especially acquainted with
The newspaper adds that the
Turkish ambassador in Berlin,
Turkish officers in Germany and
two Turkish princes , who were
studying in the German capital,
bare been recalled to Turkey.
TO ALLIED FLEETS
Allies Will Occupy Forts of Dardanelles and Bosphorus
to Insure Safe Passage of Warships to Black
Sea; Ottoman Government to Free
s Prisoners of War at Once.
EMPEROR CHARLES' ARMY ROUTED;,
50,000 MEN MADE PRISONER IN ITALY
By The Associated Press.
London, Oct 31. (Via Montreal) The terms of the
Turkish armistice, whichre now in operation, include the
free passage of the Dardanelles to the allied fleet, Sir George
Cave, the home secretary, announced in the House of Com
Another 'condition is the immediate repatriation of
British war prisoners.
Other terms, it is learned, comprise the occupation of
the forts of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus necessary to se
cure the passage of the allied warships through the Bos
phorus to the Black sea.
TOWNSHEND ACTS AS ENVOY. ,
General Townshend, the British commander captured
at Kut-El-Amara, was liberated several days ago t by the
Turks, Sir George Cave announced, in order to inform the
British admiral in command in the Aegean that the Turkish
government asked that negotiations be opened immediate
ly for an arimstice. A reply was sent that if the Turkish
government sent fully accredited plenipotentiaries, Vice Ad
miral Calthorp, the British commander, was empowered to
inform them, of the conditions upon which' the allies would
agvee to stop hostilities ancl could sign an armistice on thes
conditions in their Behalf. . -
The Turkish plenipotentiaries arrived at Mudros, Is
land of Lemnos, early this week and an armistice was signed
by Admiral Calthorp on behalf 'of the allied governments
last night. It will come into operation at noon today.
TURKISH FORCES CAPTURED.
London, Oct 31. The entire-Turkish force, which
had been opposing the British on the Tigris has been cap
tured, it was officially announced today.
Insurrections Break Out ati
Vienna and at Budapest;
Cities (ht Rhine in Panic
London, 'Oct 31. Ismail Hakki, commanding .the
Turkish armies of the group operating in the Tigris region in
a x i ' i i ! . r,. . .
mesopouunia, nas surrendered wun one enure division ana
the best part of two other divisions, the Evening Standard
The Standard also says it understands the British vice
Ladmiral at Saloniki concluded an armistice with the Otto
mans government at noon. i
TURKEY'S PART IN WAR REVIEWED.
Turkey, which now has been granted an armistice, en
tered the war in November, 1914, when it severed diplomatic
relations with Great Britain, France andvRussia.
Military operations began against Turkey on Novem
ber 5, and Great Britain annexed the island of Cyprus. Tur
key entered the war only a few days after the German war
ships, Breslau and Goeben, had sought shelter in the Dar
danelles, which was at once blockaded by the allied fleet
In April, 1915, allied troops were landed on the Gallipoli
peninsula, but the campaign failed, and the allied troops
were withdrawn in December of the same year.
They have continued it success-
fully ever since until now they are
within a few miles of Mosul
Turkey sent 'armies against thei
British in Egypt and against the
Russians in the Caucasus. Botlrf
campaigns had a measure of success
from the first, but the allies soon
drove the"Turks back beygnd the
Turkish frontiers. In Palestine the
allied drive under General Allenby
resulted a few days ago in the cap
ture of the important base of Alep
po. The Russian campaign in, he
Caucasus was rendered fruitless by
the rise of the bolsheviki to power.
For ' several weeks after the
United States declared war on Ger
many, Turkey toe no action, but
on April 21, 1917, sheevered dip
lomatic relations. Hewever, there
has never been a declaration of war
either by the United States or
The British began a campaign
along the Tigris and Euphrates
rivers in November,1914. They ad
vanced to within less than 100 miles
of Bagdad, but were defeated, re
treated to Kut EJ Amara. where
they were later forced to surrender.
Eaxly in 1917 the British renewed
the offensive in Mesopotamia.
Gale Lashes Juneau. -
Juneau, Alaska. 1 Oct. 31. Gas
tineau channel, on which Juneau is
located, early today was whipped by
what 'marine men said was the worst
storm ever experienced he.-e. Fer
ries were unable to operate an4-jt-tra
ropes were placed to hold
steamers to their piers.
DRIVE IN BELGIUM
ON WIDE FRONT
Another hnjiortant- Strip of
Territory Tarn From En
emy by British, French
By Associated Press.
With the British Army in France
jind Belgium Oct. 31. Another big
slice of important territory was
torn from the enemy today along a
wide front in Belgium between
Deynze, on the north, and Avel
ghera, .on the south, by an allied
force composed of Belgian, British,
French and American troops. The
American units were fighting with
the French nortii of the British.
- Thf attack was launched at 5:30
'o'clock this morning and by noon
the British had jamniea ineir way
forward to aepth otM.000 yards,
taking 1.000 prisoners.
Qn their left their allies were
battling for high ground between
Lys and Cscaut rivers. The re
ports indicated that here also things
were going well for the assaulting
trooas.. ., . -
Amsterdam, Oct. 31. There has been an outbreak and a panic
among the population in the Rhine provinces, arising from re
ports that the authorities were prepared, if necessary, to allow
the enemy troops to occupy Coblenz and Cologne, according to the
Berlin Taglisch Rundschau.
Berne, Oct. 31. Military insurrections occurred in both Vienna
and Budapest Wednesday, according to the Berlin newspapers.
The people and troops acclaimed a republic
socalists After war lords.
London, Nov. 1. Independent . socialists throughout Germany
are about to start an agitation for the immediate abdication, of
Emperor W illiam, the dismissal of Field Marshal von Hindenburg
and the withdrawal of commands from the crown princes of Prussia
and Bavaria, arcording to an Amsterdam dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph cofnpany queuing the Volks Zeitung, of Leipzic.
CRY "DOWN WITH HAPSBURGS."
Amsterdam, Oct. 31. The Berlin Tageblatt and Vossische Zdi
tung publish reports of serious demonstrations at Vienna, as well,
as at Budapest. An all provisional soldiers and officers council has
been established at Vienna, where the people are parading the
streets shouting: "Down with the Hapsburs."
TlwLammasch cabinet is expected to resign, according to re
ports received here and the array 'is in full course of dissolution.
In Budapest demonstrations continue in favor of a republic.
The people are shouting for a republic and the soldiers are "replac
ing their imperial cockades by revolutionary colors. Revolutionary
troops, it is addd, govern the whole city.
DESERTERS COMMITTING OUTRAGES.
London, Oct. 31. Disorders prevail throughout Austria-Hungary
in addition tc immense confusion. Seriou outbreaks have oc
w:rt2LtiiVii-ititimBius everywhere, aceord-'
ing to dispatches from neutral papersi -.
The Berlin correspondent of the Copenhagen National Tidenden
rays that on the Hungarian-Croation frontier thousands of deserters
are committing outrages: railway trains are being attacked and
robbed. In Slavonia several castles are afire and towns are burn
ing. Another dispatch says that Austro-Hungarian soldiers are de
serting into Serbia.
During demonstrations at Prague American flags were unfurled
and diminutive reproductions of the statue of liberty were displayed.
President Wilson was repeatedly cheered.
ALLIES IN VIRTUAL ACCORD
OH TERMS FOR ENDING WAR
Representatives of Entente Powers Visibly Content
With Results Achieved at First Formal Meeting at
Versailles, Though Work Is Not Finished;
Colonel House Sits in Council.
Paris, Oct 31. The representatives of the entente powers left 'Ver
sailles after their first formal meeting today, visibly content with the
results that had been achieved. They have not finished their work, but
they have reached a substantial accord.
An informal conference took place at the home of Col. E. M. House,
President Wilson's personal representative, in the forenoon prior to the
assembling at Versailles. Among others present were M. Clemenceau
and M. Pichon, respectively, the French premier and foreign minister;
Signor Orlando and Baron Sonnmo, the Italian premier and foreign min
ister, and David Lloyd George, the British prime minister. This gather
ing was preparatory to the formal meeting.
In addition to the French, Italian1
and British representatives, -M. R.
Vesnitch, the Serbian minister to
France, and Eliphtherios Venizelos,
the Greek premier attended. The
Americans present in addition to
Colonel House, were Arthur H.
Frazier. secretary of the American
embassy; Joseph C. Grew and Gor
don Achinoloss, who acted as sec
retaries for Colonel House; General
Tasker H. Bliss, the representative
of the United States in the war
council, with General Lockridge
and Colonel Wallace as secretaries,
and Admiral Benson, with Com
mander Carter, and Lieutenant
Commander Russell as his secre
taries. Foch Arrives Alone.
The hist to arrive at the cofer
ence was Marshal Foch. He was
alone without aid or orderly.
At Versailles the business was
over in a couple of hours and a long
line of automibiles with the repre
sentatives of the powers returned
to Paris. The reason for the trip
to Versailles today was that it is
the headquarters of the supreme
war council, which theoretically
makes no decision except at Ver
sailles. There will be another informal
meeting at the residence of Colonel
House tomorrow morning and the
business of the council will be
pushed forward rjfidly, either at
formal or informal meetings,, until
it is concluded. ,
The spirit of all the representa
tives appears to be favorable to the
ironing out of all obstacles rather
than to raisjng them.
Basel. Oct 31. The continental
Ijolicy of the German empire has
collapsed." says the. Vorwaerts of
Berlin. "The Hamburg-Bagdad line
has been reduced to the Hamburg
May Call Leaders To Account
Amsterdam, Oct. 31. The inter
party committee of the Reichstag,
the Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin says
it understands, is debating the ques
tion of calling to account the states
men responsible for" the failure of
the German peace movements late
in 1916 and at the beginning of 1917.
Prince Maximilan, the German.
cnancellor, has signed a decree en
trusting Mathias Erzberger as dep
uty imperial chancellor with control
of the war press . department, ac
cording to the Vossische Zeitung
of Berlin. ,
' Dollar Day Raise.
Washington, Oct 31. An aver
age wage increases of $1 a day was
granted anthracite coal miners by
Fuel Administrator Garfield today,
effective November I. .
Grandmother of Russian
' Amsterdam, Oct 31. Accord
ing to a Petrograd teHgram,
Madame Breshkovskaya, grand
mother of the Russian revolution,
was shot October 27, on the
charge of opposing the bolshevik
Special dispatches from London
on October 16, said that Madame
Breshkcvskaya was reported to
have died in Russia September 14.
"Soldiers, Forward" General Diaz' Response
To Evacuation Offer, Envoys to Negotiate
"Armistice Permitted to Cross Line
London, Oct. 3 1 . ( 1 1 :50 p. m.) High placed German officials at Co
penhagen this afternoon received information that the German emperor had
abdicated, according to the Copenhagen correspondent of the ExcHangeele
graph company, who adds: "Nothing is said about the crown prince."
London, Oct. 31. -The Austrian commander on the Italian front has ap
plied to General Diaz, the Italian commander-in-chief, for an armistice, the Ex
change Telegraph company states. '
The application; the newspaper adds, has been forwarded to the Ver
Vienna, via London, Oct 3 1 .-An Austrian deputation has been permit
ted to cross the fighting line for preliminary pour parlers with the Italian com
mander, according to trfe official announcement tonight
answer to Austria's announce
ment that she was ready to evacuate Italian territory, Italy officially replied that
the offer has come too late. It is assumed the Italians will endeavor to drive
the Austro-Hungarians from Italian soil before an armistice can be signed.
General Diaz, the Italian commander-in-chief, issued
IN BLACK SEA
Allied Fleet May Be Already
on Way Through Straits
to Attack German-Russian
By Associated Press.
Washington, Oct. 31. Announc
ment from London that an armis
tice with Turkey which permits
passage of warships through the
Dardanelles already is in operation
led naval officials here to believe
that an allied fleet, if it has not al-l points along the front
ready started, soon will pass
tl .ough to the Black sea to at
tack the German naval forces there.
These forces include ships of the
Russian Black sea fleet taken over
by the Teutons after the collapse
of the provisional government in
Russia. Official British reports re
vealed by Sir Eric Geddes. first lord
cf the admiralty, during his recent
visit here, show that the G:rmans
obtained one superdreadnaught, sev
eral battleships of the pre-dread-naught
type and a score of fast de
stroyers. The German battle cruiser Goe
ben also is in the Black sea. This
vessel was in the Mediterranean
when the war began and escaped to
the Bosphorus, where it was re-!
ported td have been . "sold" toj
Turkey before that country entered , ... , . ..
the viar. ' The cruiser was badly There W,U be no immediate strike
damaged several times, but recent of firemen.
reports said, it has been repaired f T. P. Reynolds, president of Ne-
nHin .Ky ph,C ,Germans &"ska Federation of Labor, re
and withdra . n to the Black sea. j . t. f . ,
ceived the following telegram last
Better Health Conditions 'ri?ht from w- J- Unas, secretary
Donftr4J ot P.. of thc war labor board at Washing-
uvpui isu ai ntiiiy uanijjii ton:
the following bulletin to his troops: , V
"Sordiers, forward! In Italy's name we will place the
wreath of victory on the tombs of our glorious dead. For
ward! Our immortal country calls!" -
ITALIAN LINES EXTENDED RAPIDLY.
The Italian army on the right is rapidly extending its
lines in the valley of the upper Piare around Belluno, with
the object of dividing the 'Austrian army and forcing sv re
treat of the mountain army along the roads from Balzano. '
The most notable fighting was occasioned by the Third
army's frontal attack along the lower Piave on the Austrian
Fifth army, wheh ia resisting stubbornly to save itself from
capture. This army- is also being attacked by the Tenth
army, composed of two British, one Italian and one Ameri
can division. . '
As the left wing of the Austrian army rests upon
marshes and the sea, its, position is most precarious and lat
est reports indicate that it is in flight wherever possible.
The Italians are advancing rapidly virtually at all
The ou'tposts are reported to be
within 30 miles of Udine. The Austrians are retreating from
their fortified mountain positions, blowing up munitions and
fortresses and burning supplies as they leave. It is stated
that the great fortresses at Col Kezzena wre destroyed in
three , huge explosions.
Rome, Oct. 31. Prisoners taken by the allied forces
in their offensive on the Piave river now number more than
50,000, the Italian war office announced today. More than
300 guns have been captured.
Omaha Firemen to
Continue at Work
- Pending Hearing
Washington, Oct' 31. Steady im
provement in health conditions at
army camps and cantonmts for the
week ending October 25, is noted in
the health report made public to
night at the office of the surgeon
general of the army, with new in
fluenza cases totalling a little more
than 19,000 (a decrease of more than
50 per cent from the previous week),
and pneumonia cases (5,961). show;
ing proportionate decreases.
The report said influenza and
pneumonia probably would be pres
ent in the cample for some weeks
possibly through taqf winte
"Omaha fire case is set down for
hearing Friday, November 8.
' The firemen's union have ordered
the firemen to stay at work until
after the hearing and they will have
a representative present."
Mr. Reynolds later received an
other telegram from H. L. Kerwin.
assistant secretary of labor, advis
ing him of the hoard's action.
Standard Oil Raises Price.
New York,. Oct 31. The Stand
ard Oil company of New York to
day advanced the price of refined
due i petroleum in bnrrtis li ccr.is to
chiefly to the constant arrival of new 7'4 cents a gallon. The advance
men not before exposed to the dis-Jis due to the increased cost of coop-ease.-
, t. Jerage. .
Routed East of the Piave.
Washington, Oct 31. Italian
troops have reached Ponte Belle
Albi, northeast of the city of Bel
lune, thus definitely dividing the
Austrian armies, said an official
wireless message received here to
night from Rome. i
"The successes of our armies are
becoming more and more stupend
ous, said the dispatch. "The en
emy is comDietelv routed east of th
Piave and the enemy is with great
aimculty sustaining the incessant
pressure of our troops in the moun
tain region, in the plain and in the
Alpine foothills of Venetia. Our
armies are aiming irresitibly toward
the objectives which have been
"The enemy masses are streaming
in confusion down the mountain
valleys in an attempt to reach
passe on the Tagliamento. Pris
oners, guns, war materials and
storehouses, scarcely touched, -fell
into our hafids. -
Fighting for Pass of Quero.
The Twelfth army after having
completely taken possession of the
height of Ceseme is fighting to con
quer the Pass of Quero. The Eighth
army has conquered the ridge be
tween the valle? ofc Foltina and the
valley of the Pinve and has occupied
the pass of Serravalle, advancing to
wards the plaii of Cansiglio. ais
(Coatinui i rt Tw, Colon "
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