Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 24, 1918, Image 1

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Two Women Arrested
For Picketing at Capitol
v Washington, Oct. 23. Two mili
tants of the National Woman's party
were arrested today when they at
tempted to picket the capitol in pro
test against the defeat -of the suf
frage amendment. They were de
tained for an hour and then re
leased. Later they again attempted
to carry banners up the steps on the
senate wing of the vapitol, but the
banners were taken from them by
the police.
Belgium WilL Demand
Complete Independence.
Washington, Oct. 23. Efforts of
German statesmen to create the im
. pression in neutral countries, that
I Belgium will revert to its former
status as a "neutralised" nation after
the war dre4tom the Belgian offi
cial information Swvicjs here today
, the statepient that Belgium will not
consider a return to that state of
guarded neutrality, which, violated
by Germany, brought England and,
" indirectly, the United States into the
war and will be satisfied only with
its complete independence.
Huns Grant Amnesty
To Imprisoned' Belgians
Amsterdam, Oct. '-23. Baron Von
Falkenhausen, the governor general
of.Belgium, according to an official
telegram fem Brussels, has par-
doned all Belgians and neutral resi
dents condemned by military trib
unals or military commanders under
his jurisdiction, except those con
victed of common crime. The gov
ernor general has also ordered the
release of all Belgians and neutral
citizens interned in Belgium or Ger
many. -: A limited number of persons
whose freedom would be undesirable
while fighting continues will be re
, leased, after the ..evacuation of,J3el
gium. J -
Venizelos to Visit U. S.'
Gets Invitation From London
New York,' Oct. 23. Premier Ven
f izelos, of Greece, has sent a cable
j message to the Hellenic Liberal as
s sociation ,of this city that he may
soon visit America, it was announced
' here today. The message was in
"response to a recent invitation of'
the association sent to him in Lon
don. . '
Field Marshal sand Crown
Prince Refer to Negotia-
tions for Armistice in
Notes to Army.
, ' With the Trench Army in France,
Oct 23. Field Marshal von Hin
denburg, in an order to German of
ficers in the field, referring to nego
tiations for an armistice, declares he
approves the peace moves and is
obliged to support the government.
He asks that the confidence reposed
' in him in the days of success be con
tinued. . .
? The German crown prince, in an
, order to the group of armies under
his command, reminds the officers of
the responsibility they incur when
they lose a position or modify the
line in any way without orders.
Copies of these documents have fall-
en into the hinds of the French.
"Political events of the past few
days,"' says Von Hindenburg, "have
produced the most profound impres
sion upon the army, nqtably upon
the officers. . It is my duty to sup
port the government instituted by
his majesty.
"I approve the steps taken toward
peace. The German army has a su
periority over all others in that the
troops and officers have never en
gaged in politics. We desire to ad
Tiere to that pYinciple. I expect
thai the confidence that was accord
ed me in the dayi of success will be
all the stronger now." ,
The Ureter of the crown prince is
shdrter and almost curt Is says:
"The exchange of diplomatic notes
gives m the occasion to recall my
order according-to which each offi
cer in command engages his re-j
sponstbility when he loses a posi
tion or modifies his lines of resist
ance -without express orders."
Another order which emanates
from German high command says:
"Diplomatic negotiations with a
iew to terminating the war have be
gun Their conclusion will be all
the more favorable in proportion as
we succeed in keeping the army well
in hand, in holding the ground con
quered arid in doing harm to the
enemy. , These principles should
guide the direction of the combat in
the days that are to follow."
AH these documents were taken
from the Fifth Bavarian division, "
The Omasa Daily
VOL. 48 NO. 110.
Entered it Mcond-cltM aitttr May 28. 1906 it
Omtha P. 0. outer tot ( March 3. 1879
By' mall (I yaar). Dally. M.50. Stindty. 12.50.
Oally and Sun., $6: outildt Ntb. poitag axtra.
For Nebrkt Partly cloudy
Thursday and Friday; probably
unsettled in aait portion Thurs
day; not much change in tmpr
a a. m..
8 a. m..
7 a. ra..
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9 a. nu.
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11 a. m..
13 m
1 p. m.
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8 pt m.
Germans Fighting for Their Lives With Backs to Great
t ' Series of Woods in Vain Attempt to Block Ad
I vance of General Pershing's Array;
Grandpre Region Cleared Up.
1 By Associated Press.
With the American Army Northwest of Verdun, Oct.
23. The Americans tonight are fighting north pt Banthe
ville, hill 297, hill 299 and hill 281, Bantheville has
changed hands several times in the last few days. Brieulles
also has been cleared of the enemy.
Hill 281 has been the scene of severe fighting ,for four
days, the Germans having numerous machine gun nests on
its summit. The capture of this hill gives the Americans
command of Clery-Le-Grand and the valley along the Lan-
don river.
With their backs to a great series
of woods, the Bois De Bas and the
Bois De Bourgogne included, the
Germans are fighting for thejr fives.
Prisoners assert that the woods are
literally full of machine guns and
guns of heavier caliber, and pris
oners have expressed the opinion
that the Americans can never cap
ture Bourgogne and. the woods to
the northwest . . . ; o
Clean Up Grandpit Region.
The American troops captured
the Belle Joyeuse and Talma farms
and the ridge between them after
an all-day fight today. These posi
tions are situated northwest of
Early Wednesday the Americans
launched an attack ith the deter
mination of cleaning up Grandpre
and that region. This was accom
plished, but the Germans, counter
attacking, drove back the Ameri
cans at places.
The Americans later regained
their ground, and advanced despite
desperate machine gun defense.
The German losses in dead and
wounded were heavy.
Face Machine Guns.
The American troops fought all
Wednesday in the face of machine
gun hre trom lalma tarm to hill
iso. 220, northwest of Grandpre.
Upon the slopes to the north of
Grandpre, the German machine gun
nests extended from hill No. U4 to
Bellejoyeuse farm.
North of Campigneulle several
light "attacks by the Germans were
repulsed. In one instance some Ger
mans were wounded and two were
captured. These men came forward
calling "kamerad," then opened fire
with rifles which had been strapped
upon their backs. Light forces of in
fantry attacked immediately after
wards when the Americans refused
to rush forward in response to the
Along the same part of the front
the -Germans are using light rolling
machine guns, moving from place
to place, particularly at night, with
the object of concealing the posi
tions of their heavier guns. ,
' Woods Drenched With Gas.
The German heavy artillery shell
ed Sommerance and other towns in
that region and as far as the Meuse
drenched the woods within the
American linesNwith gas at inter
vals. An early morning mist and smoke
screen assisted the Americans, who
advanced for a distance of about
two-thirds of a mile at certain
points and gained positions of ad
vantage, including ridges on either
side of grandpre. During the day
the Americans took 200 prisoners,
and others are now coming in.
The Germans are using for the
most part machine guns and light
artillery with plenty of gas. The
enemy machine gun nests were
pounded all day by the artillery.
Allies Making Progress in
France and Belgium in
Face of Nests of
Machine Guns.
Announcement Made by War
Department Simultaneous
With Publication of the
Note to Germany.
By Associated Press.
Washington, Oct. 23. Embarka
tion of 2,008,931 American soldiers
to participate in the war overseas
was disclosed by correspondence
between Secretary aker and
President Wilson given out at the
White House tonight at the same
time that the president's reply to
the German note was made public
by the State department.
"I am sure that this will be a
matter of deep gratification and
assurance to the country," said the
president replying to a letter from
Secretary Baker reporting on the
number of men w-ho had sailed
from American ports to October 21.
Secretary Baker said in part:
'Since July 1, , 1918, embarkations
TW months, have been as follows:
"July, 306.185; August, 290,818;
September, 261,415; October 1 to
21, 131,398. Total, 989,816.
"Embarked to July 1, 1918
"Grand total, 2,008,931.
"In our overseas operations, I
feel that we have good reason to
be proud and thankful of the re
sults obtained."
Sister Tobia, Nurse
In Influenza Ward at
St. Joseph's, Is Dead
jbister Tobia, in charge of the in
fluenza section at St. Joseph's hos
pital, was taken suddenly ill-with
double pneumonia and died last
night at 11:15a There have been 166
cases of the influenza at the hos
pital within the last two weeks. Of
these, 21 cases have resulted in
deaths. Sixteen patients were near
death when they arrived at the hos
pital. ,
Massif of Bukovits
Captured by Serbjans
Paris, Oct. 23. After a violent
engagement, Serbian troops have
captured the massif of Bukovits,
northeast of Alexinatz, according to
official announcement here tonight.
Balfour Opposes Return
Of Colonies to Germany
London, Oct 23. In no circum
stance is it consistent with the safe
ty, security and unity of the British
empire that Germany's colonies
should be returned to her, declared
Aw J. Balfour, the British foreign
secretary, in a speech at tlje lunch
eon of the Australian anjd New Zea
land club, today.
Mr. Balfour said it was absolutely
essential that the communications of
the British empire -should remain
saffe." He asked if the German col
onies were returned what security .power
was there that their original pos
sessors would not use them as bases
for piratical warfare. ,
The doctrine that ,the colonies
should not be returne'd, Mr. Balfour
claimed was not selfish and imper
ialistic.! It was one in Mich the in
terests of the world werealmost as
much concerned as the interests of
the empire itself. If the empire was
to remain united it was absolutely
necessary 'that communication be
tween the yarious' parts should not
be at the mercy of an unscrupulous
nnwrr V v V
-.If,-' -
By Associated Press.
Allied armies in France and Bel
gium are still driving the Germans
toward their border, but the pro
cess is now comparatively "slow.
On the sectors that are requisite
to the stability of the entire Ger
man line where a crash tlixbugh
piobably would mean the immedi
ate collapse of the whole of-the defensive-
tystem theVnost stubborn
resistance is being offered by the
enemy, f.nd what gi'ins are bein
made by the allies are virtually foot
by foot in the face of the hornets
of the battle line the machine
Particularly vicious fighting i3 ii."
progress west-of the Meuse. river,
where the Americans, ir? their en
deavors to cverco;i,e the natural ob
stacles barring the way northward'
to Sedan, are faced ty picked troop
with orders to hold them back at ail
costs; in the region from Le Catea'i
to the north of Va'cnciennes. whe e
the British and some Americans
gradually are tearing their way
through the enemy's front and ic
tween Tournai and Audenarde,
where the British" also are hard aft
er the enemy.
Material Progress Made.
"Notwithstanding the frantic en
deavors of the enemy to maintain
their positions on all three of these
sectors, material progress has been
made. Likewise, northeast of Laon
the French on an eight-mile front
have delivered a thrust that carried
them forward from two to three
miles. Into the handsof the British
have fallen 2,000 rnore German pris
oners, while the Americans, west of
the Meuse, have also gathered num
bers of the enemy and a consider
able quantity of his machine guns.
Veritable nests of machine guns
are being encountered by the Amer
icans as they attempt to press for
ward along the front from the
Meuse to the town of Grand Pre,
situated north of the Argonne forest,
but in spite of these obstacles they
have taken further ground and at
last accounts were steadily keeping
up their pressure against the enemy.
Extremely heavy counter-attacks
have been successfully sus
tained north of Grand Pre, and on
this sector particularly strong con
centrations of enemy artillery fire
have gotfe almost for naught. On
the western bank of the Meuse the
town of Breuilles has been taken, the
enemy having burned and evacuated
it and retreated in the general direc
tion of Dun.
'Wedge Driven By British. .
Exactly what has been accom
plished by the French in a drive
(Continued on Pare Two, Column SeTen.)
Five Dollars
For Ten Words!
You can have it as well as
the next one by writing
"The Best Slogan.
To call attention of our
out-of-town readers to
Omaha's su p e r i o r at- s
tractions as a city.
To Ten Next Best
Each a Good Book.
The winning answer will be
used as the banner line just
above the heading of The Bee
on this first page. It must
contain not less than ten words
and not less than 54 nor more
than 60 letter!.
. Responses must be in by
Oct. SO, and winners will
be announced in The Sun
day Bee of Nov. 3. Address:
Slogan Contest
The Omaha Bee.
Naval Questions, Reuter's
Learns, Will Be Held of
First Importance In Ar
, ranging Armjstice.
London, Oct. 23. Reuter's limited
learns that the allied governments
as a result of continued communica
tions are perfectly acquainted with
and agreed upon the terms under
which it will be possible to enter
into negotiations for' an armistice.
It should be observed that naval
questions have never been dealt
with in any negotiations between the
United States and Germany and
they are of first importance from
the allies' viewpoint." .
"The idea o the freedom of the
seas as understood by Germany,"
says the Reuter dispatch, "is not a
matter that any allied government
can accept at all. It would appear
that the conditions precedent to an
armistice must include the question
of sea power as well as of land
powjer, but hitherto Germany has
always limited its remarks to land
"America, Great Britain, France
and Italy oye so much to sea power
in carrying on the war and in na
tional development that they cannot
omit consideration of sea power
from the discussions concerning the
"The president never assumed
that his conditions would be limited
tSHhe evacuation of occupied terri
tories, as the Germans always ar
gued. He put a number of questions
to Germany after receiving the first
note as a preliminary to placing the
matter before the allies."
Seventy Die in Explosion.
Basel, Oct. 23. Seventy persons
were killed "and 50 wounded in an
exolosion'irraNactory in Dessau on
the Elbe, 67 miles northwest of
Berlin. .
Again, Next Sunday
Will Be Filled With'Interesting Pic
tures of People You Know.
Wonderful Pictorial Scenes of The
Pictures of WomeruWar Workers in
i Omaha.
Remember The, Entire Supply Last
Sunday was SOLD OUT Before 10
- " a. m. So You Better
hone Tyler 1000 Right Now
and Become a Regular Subscriber to, THE BEE.
Text of President Wihon'$ Note,
Washington, Oct. 23. The statement of President
"Wilson in reply to the German peace note follows:
Department of State, October 23, 1918 "Sir:
i "I have, thevhonor to acknowledge the receipt of
your note of the 22d, transmitting a communication un
der date of the 20th, from the German government and
to advise you that the president has instructed me to re
ply thereto as follows:
" 'Having received the solemn and explicit assur
' ance of the German government that it unreservedly ac
cepts the terms of peace laid down in his address to the
" congress of the United States on the 8th of January,
1918, and the principles of settlement enunciated in his
subsequent addresses, particularly the address of, the
27th of September and that it desires to discuss the de
tail of their application and that this wish and purpose
emanated, not from those who have hitherto dictated
German policy and conducted the present war on Ger
many's behalf, but from ministers who speak for the
majority of the Reichstag and for an overwhelming ma
jority of the German peoples; and having received also
the explicit promise of the present German government
that the humane rules of civilized warfare will be ob
served both on land and on sea by the German armed
forces,' the president of the United States feels that he
cannot decline to take up with the governments with
which the government of the United States is associated,
the question of ' an armistice. '
"He deems it his duty to say again, however, that
the only armistice he Would feel justified in submitting
for consideration would be one which should leave the
United States and the powers associated with it in a
position to enforce any arrangements that may be en
tered into and to make a renewal of hostilities on the
part of Germany impossible. ,
"The- president has, therefore, transmitted his cor
respondence with the present German authorities to the
governments with which the government of the United
States is associated as a belligerent with the suggestion
that if those governments are disposed to effect peace
upon the terms and principles indicated, their military
adviser and the military advisers of the United States be
asked to submit to the governments associated against
Germany the necessary terms of such an armistice as
will fully protect the interests of the peoples involved,
and insure to the associated governments the unre
stricted power to safeguard and enforce the details' of
the peace to which the German government has agreed,
provided they deem such an armistice possible from the
military point of view. Should such terms of armistice
be suggested,' their acceptance by Germany will afford
best concrete evidence of her unequivocal acceptance of
the terms and principles of peace from which the whole
action proceeds. v ,
"The President would deem himself Jacking in can
dor did he not point out in the frankest possible terms
the reason why extraordinary safeguards must be de
manded. Significant and important as the constitutional
changes seem to be which are spoken of by the German
foreign secretary in his note of the 20jh of October, it
does not appear that the principles of a government re
sponsible to the German peop'e has yet been fully work
ed but or that any guarantees either exist or are in con
templation that the alterations of principle and of prac
tice now partially agreed upon will be reached. More-,
over, it does not appear that the heart of the present
difficulty has been reached. It may fane that fu
ture wars have been brought under the control of the
German people, but the present war has not been, and
it is with the present war that we are dealing. It is eyi
dent that the German people have no means of com
manding the acquiescence of the military authorities of
the empire in the popular will; that the power of the
king of Prussia to control the policy of thetempire is un
impaired; that the determining initiative still remains
with those who have hitherto been the masters of Ger
many. v
"Feeling that the whole peace of the world de
pends now on plain speakingftnd straightforward ac-"
tion, the president deems it his duty to say without any
attempt to soften what may seem harsh words, that the
nations of the world do not and cannot trust the word
of those who have hitherto been the masters of Ger
man policy, and to point out once more that in conclud
ing peace and attempting to undo the infinite injuries
and injustices of this war the government of the United
States cannot deal with any but veritable representa
tives of the German people who have been assured of
a genuine constitutional standing as the real rulers of
"If it must deal with the military masters and the
monarchical autocrats of Germany now, or if it is likely
to have to deal with them' later in regard to the interna
tional obligations of the German empire;' it must de
mand, not peace negotiatioas, but surrender. Nothing
can be gained by leaving this essential thing unsaid.
' "Accept, shv the renewed assurance of my high
consideration, , "ROBERT, LANSING."
Can Be No Armistice Except
Upon Terms That Would
Make It impossible to
Renew Hostilities.
, . ,
Tells German People in Plain'.
Terms Why Extraordinary .
Safeguards Must Be . N
Washington, Oct. 23.
President Wilson has submit
ted the German plea for an
armistice. and peace Jo the
allies, and at the same time
has informed Berlin Jhat
there can be no armistice ex
cept . upon terms- that would
make 4t Impossible for. Ger
many to reneWTyJs'tifities '
While consenting toe deal .'
further with present authori
ties in Germany, the presi
dent has given them this
"If it (the United States)
must deal with the military
masters ' and monarchical
autocrats of Germany now,
or if it is likely to have to
deal with them later in re
gard to international obliga
tions of the German empire, f
it must demand, not peace '
negotiations but surrender.
Nothing can be gained- by
leaving this essential thing
unsaid." - i '
The president's reply to the last
German note was handed to the
charge of the Swiss legation tonight
for transmission to the German
government. It accedes to the re
quest that he take uo with.' the-al--
lies the proposals of the new
spokesman of the German people,
but does it with notice that virtual
surrender of the Teutonic armies in
the field will be the price demanded
for interruption of the beating now
being administered. 1 i
Commanders to Name Terms.,', -In
transmitting the matter to th
allies, the president . says he. has .
suggested that if they are disposed
to effect peace on his "terms and
principles now accepted by thepres-,
est German authorities, the Ameri
can and allied Miiilitary advisers be
asked, if they deem such an armis
tice possible from a military point
of view, to subrrtit such terms as
will fully protect the interests of.
the people involved and insure to
the associated governments the tin
restricted power to enforce peace
on the conditions accepted.
The president says"ie fee!rhe
cannot decline to takupt the ques
tion of an armistice, having received
"Iem.n and exPlici assurances of '
the German government, that it ac
cepts the terms of thepeace enun
ciated by himrhe desire to discuss
their application comes from min- ;
isters speaking for art overwhelm- ,
ing majority of the German people "
and that the German armed force '
will observe the humane rules of
civil warfare on land and sea. He
ignores entirely the German peace
tests and denials in the response to
his statement that an armistice
could not be considered while the
German army and navy continued
their atrocities. , ,
Safeguards Demanded.
As t6 the authority of the tlew
spokesman of the German people
he speaks, as the noteays, "with- .
out any attempt to soften what may
seem harsh words." and tells the '
men with whom he is dealing,.and
uirougr. mem tne uerman people
wny sucn extraordinary safegua
must oe aemanaea before
ties can cease.
Significant and Important as the
proposed constitutional . changes
seem to be. he declares, it' does not
appear that the principle of a gov
en.ment responsible to the German
people has vet ,beit i worked Out,
and it is evident that the oeonle
have no means of commanding th
(Continued on Ftf Twt ColoM MKj
ifus v :
osnn- i