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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 18, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
Helen Keller Christens Ship
Los Angeles, ,Oct. 17. Helen
Keller, the famous deaf, blind and
once dumb woman, christened the
cargo vessel West Arvada, which
"was launched today at Los Angeles
harbor. The west Arvada is the
twelfth ship to be built here for
Pope Trusts Wilson.
Rome, Oct. 17. "You may say
that the Holy father is pinning his
faith entirely on President Wilson
to make a quick and durable peace,"
- Monsignor Cprretti, Papal under
.secretary of state, said today. "He
is making prayers to this end that
President Wilson may not deviate
from his present course and that
nothing may interfere with his pur-oose-nd
comnei a renewal of the
AMERICA'S HISTORIC ANSWER: '"UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER.
THE WEATHER t
For Nabratkai UnsatlaJ wMi
lowers Fidy and probably Sat
urdayi cooUr ia oast and central
Hourly TcnparalofM. ,
Lighting Ban Suspended.
Washington, Oct. 17. Restric-J
tipns as to lighting were rescinded!
as applied to Liberty loan advertis-
! nr. m a... I.oi.aJ .a1... k. 17... 1
415 in an uiuci isaucu luuajr uy i' uci
Administrator Garfield Street
signs, outdoor meetings and all
other campaign .instruments will be
exempted from the lighting restric
tions for the remainder of the campaign.
Fairbanks Gets Si Million.
Warrington Oct. 17. Douglas
Fairbanks, a motion picture actor,
who flew from Washington to New
York yesterday to sell Liberty
bonds, arranged by telephone to-
night to return to Washington to
morrow by postal airplane and de
liver his $6,000,000 in subscriptions
1 to Secretary McAdoo. The secre
tary wjll receive him on the south
steps of the treasury at 5 o'clock.
K. 0. Closes, Theaters.
Kansas City, Mo., Oct. 17. Dras
tic orders by city officials closing
all churches and theaters, forbidding
public gatherings of any character
and regulating the opening and
closing of stores, went into effect
here tonight as a precaution aginst
' the influenza epidemic, reported
more serious today.
Only War Work in Chicago.
. Chicago, Oct. 17. Chicago's clos
ing order issued today means, ac
cording to Dr. St. Clair Drake, di
rector of public health for Illinois,
there will be no foot ball games
Saturday, no -wrestling bouts and
no other public entertainment that
will draw crowds. This includes
club meetings, dinners, lunchtons
.and everything not essential to war
Vote of Confidence.
t r- Washington, uct. i. A resoiu
'V tton expressing the confidence of
I V the senate in whatever course may
' k tiUn Kn President Wilson in
dealing with Germany and Austria
in resoortse to-'the demand for an
I J armistice was introduced today by
i f-Senator -Lewis of Illinois, the demo
cratic whip. The resolution was not
referred to committee.' but went to
thjjtable, permitting it to be callidJ
up arany .umt mere was no
cussioir. " . v
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VOL. v48. NO. 105. llT " T'T 3T& 'M1 lH OMAHA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 198. tWViMttSS TWO CENTS. pL.rH:.
r ' : t 1 " : ; r
v i i i i i i i i y f i i i i i i i v i v v v i i i I i i i if i i i i v i i l i v j
: s r-i : t 1 s 9
LACK OF SUGAR
CAUSE OF "FLU,"
SAYS DR. PINT
Chicago Physician Reports
Diphtheria Antitoxin Is
: Specific for Malady
... Sweeping Country.'
Chicago,' Oct. 17. Dr. Louis J.
Pint, former state bacterioligist, and
at present connected with the re
search laboratory of the University
of Chicago, told tht Chicago Medi
cal society toniglit that he had suc
ceeded in isolating Mie germs re
sponsible for the so-called influenza
epidemic which is sweeping thj
country and thaj the regulation
, diphteria antitoxin is an absolute
specific for the disease.
The gernfs responsible for the dis
ease, which he said is not influenza,
he gave as staphylococus aureus,
which is usually responsible-for car
buncles; streppococus, which causes
blood poison and vincent angina,
which causes sore mouths. He said
the epidemic was mainly caused by
, tha-present war diet and especially
by the curtailment of the usual con
sumption of sugar. Dr. Pint said
diphtheria antitoxin without the
diptheria anti- toxin without the
loss of a single case.
Mrs. H. G. Montgomery
Dies of Pneumonia;
, ;X i
. v -
Mrs. Harry Gage Montgomery,
wife of Lt. Gage Montgomery, died
at 6 o'clock Thursday nigty at her
apartmepts in the St. Regis, Thirty
seventh "and Jones streets, from
j C. S. . Montgomery of Montgom
ery. Hall 'and Young, last night
capied his son, Lieutenant Mont
gomery, serving with the Thirteenth
balloon squadron in France, of the
' death of his wife.
Mrs. Montgomery was lhe
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank
B.' Johnson, Thirty-third and Dew
fy avenue. Besides her parents and
husband she is survived by two
sons, Harry Gage Montgomery, jr.,
aged 10. and Reed, aged 9, and a
sister, Jeanett Johnson.
The date of the funeral, which
will he private, has not been an
nour.ctd and members of the fam
ily have requested friends not to
send flowers. . , i
Mrs. Montgomery was an active
war worker and took a leading part
'in the activities of the Women'.
War Service Motor corps '
Germany and Austria Rearranging Internal Affairs and
War Methods in Hge of Meeting Wilson's Peace Re
quirements; Emperor Charles Grants Autonomy;
Hungary Recognized As Separate State.
Berne, Oct. 17. Advices received from Berlin say
that therexis great activity in political circles in view of
the German reply to PresidentSjyilson's note. It is-un-derstood
the note already has ben drafted and that it
is not a complete refusal of President Wilson's de
The semi-official newspapers indicate that it is cer
tain that Germany will seek to continue the conversa
tion. Field Marshal von Hindenburg was expected in
Berlin today. v
Baron von Hussarek,the Austrian premier, has
made the announcement that Austria is about to be
transformed into federal states, according to advices re
Buenos Aires, Oct. 17. The foreign cjffice has re
ceived a dispatch from the Argentine legation in BerlinV
saying that the present situation in Germany is unendurable.
Washington, Oct. 17.- Signs 'multiplying today that
Germany and Austria are hastening to rearrange their in
ternal political affairs- and their methods of warfare in the
hope of meeting the peace requirements of PresidentWilsori.
There was no indication when the German answer wold
rnmfi. hut that one would be disDatched was made more
certain bv the statements of Baron Burian, he Austrian
foreign minister, before the foreign affairs commijttee of the
1 2v a f i? J
I inrflTV I nAII Following closely radicaf changes
LIDCM I LUnll
SHORT OF MARK
hReasons Why Bonds Should Be
Oversubscribed Given in
Washington, Oct. 17. Fourth
Liberty loan subscriptions reported
?nd unreported probably amount to
ourbillion dollars, although those
actually tabulated by headquarters
here aggregate $3,607,507,350, the
treasury announced tonight.
Two days remain for the racing
of two billion dollars.
On Saturday night! subscription
books will close absolutely, Secre
tary McAdoo declared today, thus
setting' at rest persisent reports
that owing to the retarding influ
ence bf the influenza epidemic the
government contemplated giving the
nation another week " in which to
New reasons why the loan should
be not only raised, but over sub
scribed, as emphasized ttfday by
Secretary McAdoo are that tre
mendous warexpenses will continue
to run on for many months regard
less of the outcome of Germany's
efforts , for peace. Even if peace
should come soon ai.d no agency
of the government is drawing its
plans in this definite belief there
will be immense manufacturing
orders to be fulfilled, armiy to, be
brought back to American shores,
and a multitude of other expenses
which the momentum of war will
carry on. . Y
l nis means otner war loans, oec-
(Contlnued on Pag Two, Column &x.)
in-iie German governmental struc
ture, Information came Hb the State
department that the Austrian em
peror has announced to the affairs
committee of parliament his purpose
to grant autonomy to the oppressed
nationalitiees in the dual empire,
one of the requirements laid down
by the president.
Meets Magyar, Opposition.
Bitter opposition from the in
tensely conservative German Mag
yar components of the empire is
certain to be aroused by this rad
ical change. It is Believed that Em
peror . Charles thinks this can be
support he will receive from the
liberal elements and the separatist
parties, especially if he can maKe it
appear that the change is a long
step towards the final peace so in
sistently demanded'by the populace.
The announcement from Copen
hagen of the rlading of a decree
in the Hungarian parliament recog
nizing Hungary as4a separate state
is regarded as an earnest of what
is to come to the other national
ities of the empire. It has been
suggested that the delay in dis
patching the president's reply to the
Austrian appeal for an armistice
jjjrfy be accounted for by the con
viction of official? that events are
moving so rapidly in Austria-Hungary
that it would be. wise tq await
the outcome of the present agitation
there in order to adapt the reply Jo
the new conditions.
Moving Toward Democracy.
Baron Burian's statement to the
foreign affairs .committee that tGer
'many will make the constitutional
modifications'' necessary to realize
the demand for a democratic forrrv
o. government and abdication of
military control was regarded as in
dicating the Austrian -purpose to do
Events are moving in the same
direction in Turkey where the sul
tan has declared for a representa
tive government so that the conclu
(Contintwd on Psa Two, Column Five.)
GERMANY RECALLS U-BOATS
' JS REPORT AT AMSTERDAM
Civilians 'Left in Lille, By
Germans Frantic WkK J oy
British Headquarters in Fland
ers, Oct, .17. British drums were
beating through the streets of Lille
this morning, while British patrols
advanced east of the city in contact
with the retreating Germans. Tfie
evacuation of Lille and the British
entry into the citywas one of the
most dramatic events of the war.
At-4 o'clock this morning the
German commandant at Lille or
dered all the inhabitants of iille to
assemble as promptly as possible.
As they hurried through the gloom
of the streets they observed the gar
rison marching out. They were told
to go out to the British lines and
meet their friends. Then came the
rhythmic tranp of infantry, which
gradually died away. The Ger
mans had departed from Lille.
At dawn a -British airman flying
over the city beheld a most amazing
sight The streets were thronged
withcivilians who were frantically
waving handkerchiefs and shawls.
Not a soldier could be seen. The
aviator quickly turned and carried
the news back to the British lines.
Patrols advanced immediately and
entered the city.
At daylight the allied line in the
north, which is being carried for
ward by -the Belgians and French
ran from Mannekensvere to St.
Pierre Cappelle to Leke to Coucke
laere to Wynendaele to Poorthoek
to Pottebezemhoek to Grietehoek
to Meyboom to Coofscamp to Tur-
kyenhoek to Ingelnunster.
Allies Threaten to D five
Foe Over Dutch Frontier
Germans Speed Up Retreat to
' Avoid Capture or Intern-
ment, but No Disor
der Is Seen.v
By Associated Press. '
Over a front-f 40 miles, from
the"North sea to Lille in northern
France, the Germans are in retreat
before the Belgian, French an
British armies. Likewise the enemy
is being forced to concede defeat
by retr6grade movements before
the British and Americans south
east of Cambrai; under the attacks
of the French in the pocket beween
Oise and Serre rivers norh of Laon,
and by reason , of coninued strong
attacks by the French and Ameri
cans in Champagne and alongthe
Nowhere, however, s the enemy
in disorder. In Belgian Flanders
his steps are being hastened by rea
son of the swift drives into his line
by the British" at Lille, just south
of the Belgian border, and by the
Frepch.and Belgians further noxth,
which threaten to compel him t
enter Dutch territory and face in
ternment unless he is fleet enough
to withdraw out of the entire pocket
between the Scheldt river and the
sea and reconstitute his line with
its right wing resting on Antwerp.
Ostend, one of the famous sub
marine bases on the sea, is in Brit
ish hands, Bruges is all but captured
while to the south from the region
east ofRoulers the allied forces ar.
fast-driving toward. Ghent in an en
deavor to seal the western Flanders
sack and retain in it large elements
of the enemy's forces. 1
Resist On Courtrai Sector. 1
Strong opposition is being offered
on the the Courtrai sector to pre
vent the allies from carrying but
their maneuver to the full. More
than a score of additional villages
have been liberated by the" allied
troops and numerous . guns and
quantities of. stores Iiave been cap
tured. In their withdrawal from west
Flrnders the Germans are parrying
out a tactical movement which
doubtless will end in a general fall
ing back of their fine in northern
France and permit them to material
ly strengthened their resistance on
a new and shorter front. This prob
ably will be from Antwerp to Namur
and Metz, and thence to the Swiss
border, which would still leave the
Germans 80 miles from their own
border line both at Antwerp and
Namur. At .present the center of
the Flaftders fighting is near Thielt,
which is about 125 miles from Aix
La Chapelle on the German border.
Southeast of Cambrai over a front
of 10 miles between Le Gateau and
Do You Like; to Look at pictures?
Of course yoiido and the better
iheyare, ihe better you like them. .
The Sunday Bee Rotogravure Section
1 parting October 20th ,
It off ere a splendid reproduction bf photos of Omaha
Men and Women you ow Pictures; if the boys
"Over' there" Pictures oj the battlefields .in .France.
PictuisEverybody Will Like "
Phome your Order today to Tyler lOOO and have
THE BEE delivered regularly to ydurv'home.
Bohain the British and Americans
are delivering a violent ' attack
against the Germans and at lasjre
ports they were meeting with suc
cess, although the Germans were
savagely resisting with machine
guns atfd infantry and with artillery
behind their ljne.
North ofLaon between the Oise
and' the Serre rivers, the French are
endeavoring the drive ont the Ger.
mans or capture them before -they
can "make their way eastward to
Hirson. Here also theenemy is
using his machine' gunners and artil
lery to impede the progress of the
French, but further gains have been
The greatest resistance of all
however, isstill being imposed after
the efforts of the French and Am
ericans in Champagne and along the
Meuse river, where the holding of
the line is essential to stave off a
general retreat by the Germans all
the Way from Belgium to the Swiss
frontier. The French in Champagne
are still fighting hard to capture
Rethel, but the Germans thus far
have leen able to hold this im
partant position in their own hands.
North of Grand Pre both the French
and AnieHcans have made further
progress over the difficult ground.
Especiolly ""severe have been the
hardships suffered by the Ameri
cans in encompassing the natural
fortifications and the attacks by
hordes of enemy machine gunneds.
Before the Americans the Germans
are giving ground only inch by
Announcement, of Abandon
ment of Devastation Policy
Declared Unfounded in
Amsterdam, Oct. 17. The
Handelsblad publishes with re
serve a report that the German
admiralty has issued wireless in
structions to all submarines to ret
turn to their bases.
A Berlin dispatch announced the
German newspapers this evening
were to publish the following com
munication: "The German army command
has brought military measures
into accord with the steps taken
for the conclusion of peace. The
German armies have received or
ders to cease all devastation of
places, unless they are absolutely
forced to follow this course by
the military situation for defensive
"Nevertheless, it is to be ex
pected that in the gradual retreat
property will be lost which is ir
replaceable by money, that is to
say, insofar as such devastation
is inherent in the conduct of the
' wapMtself, and especially on the
i bombardment of "German posi
tions by enemy artillery."
Opposition to Wilson.
Dispatches from Berlin tonight
indicate a strong anti-Wilson ten
dency not only in military quarters,
but also in those which have favored
Fir example Herr Gothein, a.
member of the Reichstag, writing in
the Zeitung A Mittag, declares Wil
son has given a death blow to the
idea of a Jeague of nations. His
position, the writer asserts,' is one of
the right forces rather than equal
rights and Germany would enter k
league under such -conditions with
feeling of "indescribable bitterness."
Gothein alserts .that the idea of
surrendering at the discretion of the
Wilson Note "Trap"
And "Rude Answer,"
Says German Papers
Amsterdam, Oct. 17. Judging by
Rhenish and Berlin newspapers re
ceived here President Wilson's reply
to Germany was printed in full in
the German press. The newspapers'
variously termed the reply "A
trap' "Wilson's Evasions," "A
Rud4 Answr? and the like.
Somef the newspapers do not
attempt to comment on the reply,
merely sayings "Leave it to the su
preme army command." The cus
tomary truculence of the Lokal
Anzeiger gives way to despondency,'
the paper lamenting over "the hu
man lies being sacrified, while Wil
son has it in his power to end ,the
Divine Right of Kings "
Is at an End, Declares
Berne, Switzerland, Oct. 17.
Commenting on President Wilson's
note to Germany, the New Zurich
"Thp last hour of the divine right
of kings has come. It is not too
soon. This old fiction has long been
considered an anachronist in our
- Independent State "
London, Oct. 17. At a. meeting'
of the F'figarian parliament a proc-'
lamauon was reaa declaring Hun
gary tO jb an independent stetCt
says a dispatch from Berlin for
warded from Cppenhagen to the
Central News teener btre. ..
posed unrestricted submarine war
fare, its .relinquishment means an
extraordinary weakening of the Ger
man mihtary position.
iiie cologne uazette puQiisnes a
manifesto of the conservative party
sitrned bv Count von Westarn and
other members of the party-.' dei
claring that atter President Wilson s
reply the contest of arms must be
fought out to a finish. It paints a
terrible picture of the fate that
would befall an invaded fatherland.
A dispatch to the Cologne Volks
Zeitutig from Berh states that
there will be exhaustive delibera
tions between the reichstag, the fedyl
eral council "and the supreme conr-
mand ks well as the leaders of all
parties before a decision is reached
concerning a reply to Mr. Wilsonjs.
note. It is said to be probable rtfe
reichstag will not reassemble until
It is announced that Chance.ior
Maximilian has appointed State Sec
retary Grdeber as his representative
in connection wtth the civil admin
istration of martial law.
Rumors from Holland. .
London, Oct. 17. Late tonight
the foreign office was still without
news Of any German reply to Presi
dent Wilson or any further devel
opment in' the political situation as
affecting Turkey or other enemv
powers. Rumors more tantalizing
than reliablevare still cominR'from
Holland. For instance the Nieuwe
Rotterdamsche Courant, which er
roneously announced the German
reply today,lirouRht alleged news of
German abandonment of the policy
of devastation, but a Berlin dis
patch through Reuters Amsterdam
correspondent tonight declares this
announcement "quite baseless."
Among the rumors "was one that
General LudendorS had resigned.
Another that' the German reply
j would be a protest against the tone
ot resident Wilsons note.
Meanwhijt the attitude of the pub
lic is that it is a matter of little
consequence what reply Germany
may make. Much more interest is
displayed in the question whether
the German army, pressed on every
hand by the allied advances on all
; fronts, will be abe to escape.
REFUGE BEHIND ,
'W'f , yT
Submarine Base Abandoned and Entire Front From Sea
Southward in Rapid Retreat Before Allied Drives ;
Yalenciennes Line Turned bjr Attack in ,
- Which Americans participated.
BULLETINS r .
Paris, Oct 17. King Albert f Belgium and
Queen Elizabeth entered Ostend this afternoon.
Paris, Oct. 17.-The Germans are abandoning the
Belgian coast and are seeking refuge behind the outer
defenses of Antwerp. x
With the French Army in France, Oct 17. In con
junction with the British first army the French attacked
ihis morning over a wide front. The attack is progres-,
sing favorably. f .
x . ' s ' '
London, Oct. 17. Admiral Keyes of the British navy
landed at Ostend this afternoon, says an official announce
ment from the admiralty.
The admiral was preceded by members of the royal
air force, who landed at Ostencf this morning.
French cavalry patrols, saysjthe Evening News, reached
Ostend today and returned with the report that no Germans
were to be seen therej , v " . ' .
Zeebmgge appearajo have been abandoned also.
- ,"""""""""- ' . , -' . ' -
: Ostend is one of the two most important German suh
marine bases on the Belgian coast. The other, is ?eebrugge
about 13 miles t northeast of Ostend. The usefulness . of
these bases fo the Germans had been v seriously damaged
last spring by raids carried out by British naval units under
Vice Admiral Sir-Roger J. B. Keyes. Both these raids were
allies makes the blood of even the
most confirmed pacifists boil, and
that, although he always has op-l , A ., ,j AJ . . fk- ....'.nf f
... ijuv am u esaiva nuiuu ni av w o tt co tuv avvaev w j
congratulations and British and French decorations, on the
skill in which he carried them out.
Jf- g tVi- (Icrman rtrat hefftirL
Wednesday under the irresistible
KAHN SAYS WAR
IS NOT YET OVER ;
Congressman Kahn of California?-
in Lincoln, Declares
Kaiser's Fake Factory
' From a Staff Correspondent.
Lincoln, Oct. -17. (Special.)
"The war will not be over for, a
long time yet' said Congressman
Kahn of California, who was in
Lincoln for a short time today on
his way to Camp Funston to visit
his old friend, Gen. Leonard E.
Wood, Mr. Kahn was billed for an
address in Lincoln tonight, but on
account of the closing of all pub
lic places, because of influenza, his
date was cancelled here, but he went
to Beatrice and spoke in the public
park there this evening.
"Some time next year, the war
may be over," said the congress
man, "but not before. I know the
people of Germany too well to e
pect that they are going to give up
now. All these stories emanating
from Germany1 that the kaiser is
about to abdicate or that he is think
ing of surrendering, is but stuff
given out over there in-order that
they may gain a little more time
in order to do mori domage to the
Dems Play to Galleries.
Speaking of the political situa
tion and congress and the -part con
gress, had played in the past year
or so, the congressman said that
(Continued on Fan Two, Column Two.)
pressure of the armies under com
mand of the king of the Belgians .
continued today along the whole of
the front between the North sea
and the river Lys.
Advance 20 Kilometers.
By this evening the advance had
been carried forward to a depth of
20 -kilometers over a front of 50
The Belgian army had entered
Ostend and their cavalry-was at
the gates of Bruges' Belgian cav-
airy occupied Inglemunster.
In the Belgian-French pone Pit
them, Muelbeke and Wyngneme had
been captured. .
Farther south the sscond Britfsh
army occupied the line of the Lys
Lnorth of Courtrai. South the Brit
ish have crossed the river and
reached the outskirts of Turcoing.
British troops TSptured Douai Jo
day after defeating the enemy at the
Hauta Dcute canal. Lille was oc
cupied without resistance, the Ger
mans having evacuated the city.
Vast quantities of war material
have been-taken by the allied trooj)S.
These have. been accumulating for
four years. . , .
Fall Back Entire L Front. !j
"The Gemans have given way
under Belgian pressure on the en
tire front in Flanders, according to
(Continued on Pace Two, Column Three.)
rt l rv
After an Accident in
" 'Passenger Elevator '
Hooting Hun Mobs Try to
Burn Hindenburg Statue
Paris, Oct. 17. (Havas.) Peace demonstrations
continue in Germany, according to .the Matin, which
says that groups of soldiers go through the streets of
Berlin singing pacifist and Vevolutionary songsv
Pan-Germans who attempted to hold a meeting
before the Hindenburg statue were obliged Vs disperse
by hooting crowds which attempted to set fire to the
statue. The police had .great difficulty in preventing
them from carrying out their pufpose.
According to reportsTy General Ludendorff, some
divisions have refused to obey orders and "oldjfrs hold
meetings to" discuss political questions. . "
t - v. 1 ; ..." N
F. J. Effenberger, . 4103 Irard !
street, an employe of the Nebraska , "
Clothing company, was seriously in- s" v
jured in an elevator accident Thurs
day afternoon at 2.20 in the Omaha
National Bank building and died at v
4 o'clock in Ford hospitat.
Effenberger made an attempt t i
alight on the fifth floor and the eft
vator gjirt is said to have be t
come confused and smarted th " r
elevator before the door wast -
closed. Effenberger was caught ' j
between. the elevtoj- and the floor, - '
sustaining a compound fracture f
the left leg, hfs right leg1 seriously
injured, scalp wound and other
lacerations which caused his death.
The elevator , was operated by
Mrs. Cline who became hysterical .
after the accident. . ' "
Mrs. D. Thomas. Western Union ' f
messenger, witnessed the accident
She tated Effenberger. forced, the f
door of the elevator open just after
the car left the fifth floor and wasv
caught before the conductor could V i f
stop the car. ;
Effenberger is survived by a wife If A
and four children Robert 9 years,
the. oldest; Frank. Bernard' aivsV Vt
Mary, the youngest, aged IS mv
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