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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1918)
THE BEE: OMAHA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1918.
HAVE FOOD FOR
Vast Amount of Provisions Is
in the Warehouses of
France to Be Cooked
Tours, Central France, Sept. 21
The American army in Europe could
be fed and clothed and all its crea
ture comforts looked after for three
months if not another pound of sup
plies was secured. This was the
statement made here by officers of
the army quartermaster's depart
ment, which directs the mammoth
work of supplies.
It gives an idea of the vast stock
of reserve resources stored in the
miles of warehouses stretching from
the coast inland to the fighting line,
and it is a comforting assurance,
too, that this huge reserve will be
kept up through the coming winter
period so that the American sol
dier's warmth, as well as his food
and clothing, will be fully looked
It is a huge undertaking to feed a
million men even for a single day
a million men scattered to a thou
sand points, in trenches, on battle
fields and camps, along 300 miles of
front and for a depth of 500 miles.
And when are added housing and
clothing, and the period is extended
through the winter months of cold
and frost, with the prospect that
another million or two men may be
headed this way before long with
these elements one gets some idea of
the magnitude of the supply problem
for a million or more men.
Here at the center of the' system,
where the receipts are regulated and
the distribution made, there was an
opportunity of learning some of the
details of how the system operates.
Vast Amount of Food.
In the food branch alone, it takes
over 4,000,000 pounds of food every
day to feed the army. This prodigi
ous daily consumption of food em
braces a million pounds of flour
. baked into a million pounds of bread
every day, 875,000 pounds of' fresh
' beef, 875,000 pounds of potatoes,
200,000 pounds of sugar and 125,000
pounds of tomatoes. The pepper
and salt for a single day is 42,500
Army coffee is roasted at the rate
of 70,000 potinds a day, and it takes
20,000 pounds of solidified alcohol
' to cook this coffee through the
Beef Bulkiest Product.
The beef is the bulkiest product
used each day, and gccupies a daily
' space of 45,000 cubic feet, or about
the .dimensions of a. business block,
of solid meat. Flour comes next,
.requiring 25,000 cubic feet of daily
jpace. and potatoes about the same.
These are only a few of the main
items. But the list runs all through
the many requirements of the over
. 4?a army ration, with vast quantities
in each case. Here are some of the
other daily items:
Bacon, 225,000 pounds; beans, . 75
10(Wf pounds i rice, 50,000 pounds;
: onions. 250,000 pound; evapprated
i fruit, 70,000 pounds' 4 jam, '70,000
pounds; milk, 62,500 pounds, vine
gar, 40,000 pounds; lard, 40,000
- pounds; butter, 31,000 pounds; sirup,
- 40,000 pounds.
Must Deliver Daily.
These, being included in the over-
sea ration, everyone of the 1,000
000 men is entitled -to his .full : al-
lowance and it' must go forward to
.him, wherever he is. -.So, that besides
the vast daily stock there is the ques
tion of unfailing daily delivery, first
by railways and camion trains, and
then to the individual soldier.
- Often on the field or in the
trenches he is supplied from mar
mites, or huge thermfcs bottles car-
- rying hot food for eight pen, and
, often, too, the delivery, in i. 'the
trenches is by the Yukon pack. used
in Alaska and by the Hudson, Bay
voyageurs and Indians.
Besides this 4,000,000 pounds of
food moving forward dai,ly to the
troops, each man carries with, him
two days' emergency - ration, five
pounds to the man, or n- addition
al 5,000,000 pounds of food for an
army of a million men. Of the emer
gency ration, carried on the back,
there is outstanding every day 2,000
000 pounds of corned beef and 2,000-
000 pounds of hardtack, 300,000
pounds of sugar, 52.500. pounds of
coffee, 20,000 pounds of salt and
500,000 pounds of solidified alcohol
for heating and cooking while on
Nation, Declares Reed
1 St. Louis, Sept. 22. United
States Senator Reed, speaking last
night before the Missouri Bar. as
sociation, declared that the United
States has taken greater steps
towards centralization than have
been taken by any nation which; has
in the past been destroyed by cen
"Every step made toward centrali
sation of power means a certain
'oss of liberty," said Mr. Reed. "I
lo not hesitate to say that in the
present crisis we have disregarded
, absolutely the constitution of the
.United States. We have' made long
er strides toward centralization in
two months than have many nations'
that have been destroyed in years.
But I believe that the genius", of thfr-
American people will meet the sit
uation and bring our government
in good time back to her old ideals,
out this will require the" patriotism-,
and best efforts of the bar and
bench of America."
Germany's Desperate Strait
Confessed bv Berlin Paper
X Amsterdam, Sept. 22. AmericaV
k . W - A
answer to Austria-nungary s Teceni
peace note and the speech of Pre
mier Clemenceau of France on the
same subject should, according to
,he Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin, be
iirtctrt nn hillhard and be COm-
inunicated to the German people by
the distribution of millions of pam
phlets. v .
"No German man or woman who
knows the contents and significance
of these declarations," the newt
paper declares, "can doubt that
peace is attainable only either
through our victory or at the price
pf our utter destruction." .
Map Showing St. Mihiel Salient and Briey Coal and Iron Fields
The territory regained by General Pershing's operations is represented by vertical shading.
The cross-hatching at the upper right hand corner of the map marks the area of the rich coal and iron deposits of the Briey basin, now
in German hands, but threatened by the American advance.
Offensive operations toward Metz
strike at one of the most important
German bases in the west. The city
and the twenty-eight encircling forts
comprise what has been regarded
as one of the most formidable fort
resses in the world. Metz also is
the center of important iron fields,
which before the war supplied
France and Germany with more than
two-thirds of the ore used by their
Metz is on the Moselle 0!A miles
east of the French border. The city
lays astride the Moselle as well as
on both sides of the Seille. Part of
the city is on islands in the Moselle.
To the east, north and northwest are
the iron and coal fields of French
and German Lorraine. Deprived of
these fields Germany could not con
duct the war another three months,
it is asserted.
The chief iron field of the Rhine
district is that of Lorraine, includ
ing the Bassin de Briey, (the center
of which is the little village of
Briey,) the greatest iron-producing
region of the world. It is located
Germany's possession of the major
portion of this productive area fol
lowed the signing of the treaty of
Frankfort in 1871. Previous to the
present war Germany obtained frpm
the mines on her side of the fron
tier 21,000,000 tons of her total an
nual prduction of 28,000,000, while
France got 15,000,000 out of a total
production of 22,000,000.
Since her occupation in 1914 of
the mines on the French side of the
frontier Germany has added to her
mineral wealth the 15,000,000 tons
annually obtained by the French,
bringing her total production from
Lorraine alone up to 42,000,000 tons
The only, practical road to this
important region, military authori
ties agree, is the valley of the Mo
selle. At the head of the valley and
barring the way lies Metz, ranking
with Strassburg as. one of the two
great bulwarks of the German south
western frontier; Metz is a city of
60,000 population, its chief industries
being the manufacturing of weapons,
clothes, shoes and hats.
As a fortress Metz has been im
portant since the Roman era. Since
mainly in Alsace-Lorraine and over- j that time it has never succumbed to
laps into Belgium and Luxemburg, j frontal attack. Its present system
It extends along the Franco-German j of fortifications includes 28 detached
frontier for thirty-five miles, almost forts which encircle the city proper,
up, to Pont-a-Mpusson..' . . , ,The , outer chain of defenses, built
within the last two decades, and un
doubtedly perfected since the out
break of the present war, extend
to Thionville on the north, and
Gravelotte on the west. .
West and southwest of Metz the
course of the Moselle is lined with
high, wooded hills. The German
fortress also is protected by heights
and woods northward. On the south,
however, the terrain is more open
with few hills and little wood.
From the American lines south
west of Metz the nearest forts are
Forst Haeseler and de Sommy on
the right bank of the Moselle and
Fort Kronprinz on the left bank.
Fort de Sommv is less than five
miles from the French town of Ar- 1
naville, on the Franco-German bor- j
der. The forts surrounding Metz j
were similar to those at Liege, which j
were notable for their disappearing I
turrets. .German guns, however, j
overcame these forts. I
Metz also is an important point
on the railway line supplying the
German line eastward from Laon.
The fall of Metz not only would
probably seal the fate of the iron
and coal fields, but, through the
severance of railway lines, imperil
the German line west to Laon and
thence northward to the Belgian
coast. All reports of a possible
German retirement in the west have
indicated that Metz would form one
of the bastions of the German defense.
HEM IN MOSLEMS
IN THE HOLY LAND
(Continued From 1'age One.)
wide front east of the Jerusalem
Nabulus road. The first onslaught
failed.' Fighting with constantly re
inforced troops continued the night
long with extreme violence. At
dawn the attacking force was
broken and the attack brought to a
standstill on the Jalud Wady-Abs
"Meanwhile on the coastal sector
the British opened a violent artillery
bombardment aided by their naval
gtyis. After two hours of artillery
preparation there was desperate
hand-to-hand fighting and the en
emy succeeded in penetrating our po
sitions between the coast and the
Lydda-Tul Keram railway. Because
of great numerical superiority of
the enemy we moved our troops
into positions at Tul Kerum, wliere
fresli attacks are expected.
"On the Jordan in the Wady Auja
and Jerico districts we caught the
enemy under an effective fire."
Turks Taken by Surprise.
British Forces in Palestine, Fri
day, Sept. 22. While the Turkish
army was occupied in strengthen
ing its defensive positions. General
Allenby's plans for the present Bri
tish offensive were carefully ma
turing. British airplanes prevented
enemy craft from crossing the Bri
tish lines to observe the prepara
tions for the attack which took the
Turks completely by surprise.
The Ottoman right flank, though
in formidable positions, was over
whelmed. British troops went
through the enemy's wires and cap
lured his first trenches before he had
time to lay down a barrage. On
the remaining works some were
most powerfully organized, but they
were speedily overcome by the dash
and gallantry of the British and
In one sector an entire Turkish
regiment, with its commanding of
ficer, was captured, with insignifi
cant loss. Within a few minutes af
ter the offensive was launched the
Turkish troops were streaming east
ward in the direction of Tul Keran.
The British air supremacy was so
complete that not one German ma
chine was able to show itself. Bri
tish aviators harassed the enemy
by a series of bombing raids, while
camps, troops and transports were
effectively machine-gunned by air
The German airdromes at the same
time, were dominated by British
machines which dropped bombs on
any enemy plane that attempted to
rise. The airmen also assisted the
infantry to advance by means of
smoke screens, and night fliers
bombed the Turkish army head
Ik &t ' A. '
Short Lines Accept
Washington, Sept. 22. Represen
tatives of short line railroads, re
linquished frpm. federal control, in
conference' with railroad administra
tion officials, have agreed to gov
ernment proposals for a contract
under which small roads might re
turn to federal management without
guarantees of fixed earnings accord
ed other roads, but with the privi
lege of charging higher rates and
with a fair division of joint rates.
The contract proposed by the rail
road administration provides that a
short line operate under its own
officers, keep its receipts and be
responsible for all its oblieations.
Rates might be raised to the new
nationwide level without applica
tion to the interstate commerce
commission or state commissions,
and joint rates would be "divided
fairly" without reduction of the pro
portion reeeived under private man
agement. Director General McAdoo at any
time might take over full opera
tion" of a short line, giving it the
same status as other roads now un
der federal management.
Czechs, Slavs and Poles
Agree on Program of Arms
Washington, Sept.. 22. Leaders of
the Czecho-Slovaks, the jugo-SlaVs
and the Poles, ,;at conference in
Washington, have agreed upon' a
program of aims '.of the oppressed
peoples in Austria-Hungary which
had been laid before President Wil
son. Creation of a new centra! body of
the central European erouns which
nvill protect the interests of all of
them was forecast.
Participating in the meetings were
Prof. T. E. Masf.fyk, president of
the Czecho-Slovak national council,
which has been recognized by the
entente powers as the supreme body
of the Czecho-Slovaks; Ignace j.
Paderewski of the Polish national
committee; Ramon Dmowski, presi
dent of the Polish national com
mittee at Paris, and Dr. H. Hinko
vitch, of the Jugo-Slav council, as
well as other representatives of the
President Wilson was assured that
the oppressed nationalities had
agreed to uphold the president and
the American people in winning the
Conference at Berne
On Exchanging War
And Civil Prisoners
Geneva, Saturday, Sept. 21.
Members of the American delegation
apponted to negotiate with Germany,
for the exchange of miltary prison
ers arrived at Berne last night. The
party is composed of John W, Gar
rett, 'minister to the Netherlands;
John W. Davis, ambassador to
Great Britain, representing the War
department; General Francs J. Ker
nan, representing the army; and Cap
tain Henry H. Hough, representing
the navy. The German delegates
are expected to reach Berne today.
Monday pourparlers through sev
eral members of the Swiss govern
ment will begin and they are expect
ed to last several weeks.
The American Red Cross has re
ceived two additional lists of names
of American officers and men who
are interned in various German
camps. Most of them were taken
prisoner on the western front dur
ing June and July.
Sweet Pure Clean
Will Cut Your
Butter Bill in Half
Sold By All Dealers
SWIFT & COMPANY
contracts for the production of niin-
uii wiinciaio mcaouic and plants SNaI1 ccase with the ter.
Washington, Sept. 22 House and ruination of the war. The president
senate conferees on the bill for gov- is jven tWQ , whicl, (0 dV
ernment control over the production . . " , ,
and distribution of certain minerals Pose 01 Phn,s ar(llIlre(i b' t!,e sov
needed in connection with the prose- ?rnnie,,t al,d ,0 wind UI thc,r af"
cution of the war have reached an : lairs-
Telephone South 900 and order a case of
Oma or I.n-t jnr.de. the h nlthful. refresh-
erals or the operation of smelters 'nK Home IWoraKe, delivered to your resl-
,i-mc. immiia ueverage o.
agreement, accpting virtually in full
the senate provision under which
the president would be authorized to
requisition and to take over unde
veloped deposits of mines, smelters
The senate draft, however, was
modified so that the powers to make
Crowds View Body of Farley.
New York, Sept. 22. Services
planned at St. Patrick's cathedral
this afternoon were suspended in
order to allow vast waiting crowds
to view the body of Cardinal John
M. Farley, which lay in stale.
OMAHA STATIONERY CO.
Loose Leaf Books, Fountain Pens, Engraved and Printed Wed
ding, Business and Visiting Cards.
Commercial Stationery. We make Rubber Stamp.
STATIONERY THAT SATISFIES
307 and 30D South 17th Street. Telephone Dousr. 805
1 Ride a Harley-Davidbcm
VICTOR H. ROOS
"Ths Cycle Man"
Motorcycles end Dicyrlei
2701-03 Leavenworth St., Omaha
Call Tyler 3--Hauling of All Kinds
COUNCIL BLUFFS OFFICE CA1 TYLER 883.
We are equipped to handle your hauline problems at low cost
courteous treatment. Council Bluffs and Omaha.
FORD TRANSFER AND STORAGE CO.
PEOPLE'S ICE &
Manufacturers of Distilled
330 Tons Daily Capacity
Telephone Douglas 50
TAFT'S DENTAL ROOMS
DR. H. A. WAKL DR. J. F. ANSON
318 Securities Building
16th and Fr-rnam Sts. .... Douglas 2186
Less Cost More Heat
Less Fuel More Ventilation
Less Fire Risk More Satisfaction
Burns any kind of fuel. The
greatest ailvance in the warm air
heating field in a generation.
Can be put in an old or new
house in one day. Write for
Morrill-Higgin Co., Mfra.
1112 Douglas St., Omaha. Neb.
Orchard-Wilhrlm Co., Omaha. Local
A WORLD POWER
Whenever commerce proes marching on you will find the Electric Motor
turning the wheels of industry, constantly, quietly, and efficiently.
Electrical Power Is Dependable and Economical.
NEBRASKA POWER CO.
pick xhe winner:
If you have been
cprn flakes, try
2: U II
A Taste Tells
Best Butter Made
Alfalfa Butter Co.
llth and Capitol Avenue.
Epsten Lithographing Co.
Labels, Stationery, Color Work of All Kinds
417 South 12th. Tyler 1240
Nebraska's Only Purely Lithograph House
Best 22-k Gold Crowns $4.00
Bridge Work, per tooth $4.00
Best Plates, $6.00, $8.00, $10.00
1324 Farnam. Phone Doug. 2872
Omaha Ice & Cold Storage Company
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL ICE
P'ant Capacity, 200 Tons Daily Natural Ice, 40,000 Tons Storage
Phone Douglas 654 107 McCague BIdg. 1502 Dodge St.
E. J. Davis
1212 Farnam St. Tel. D. 353
Wood and MetaJj
17th and Webster Sts
Main Office and Works,
23d, Hickory and U.P.R.R.
'Phone Douglas 1043
20th, Center and C.B. & Q.
'Phone Douglas 1141.
New, Up-to-Date Auto Invalid Coach
This car is of the very latest model, with electrical equipment
wall heated and lighted, has all necessary medical equipment. Will
be pleased to serve you at any time of day or night.
WILLIS C. CROSBY. Uni rt-ker
2509-11-13 North 24th St. Telephone Webster 47
STANDARD" Cleaners and Dyers
Our Dry Cleaning and
Dyeing System Is Perfect
and Up to the Standard.
Office, 1445 South 13th St. Phone Red 8276
Atlas Redwood Tanks Are
Guaranteed for 20 Years
ATLAS TANK MFG. CO.
1105 W O W Buildine Doug 5237
FRED BOiSEN. Manager.
Nebraska & Iowa Steel Tank Co.
Steel Tanks, Watering Troughs, Oil
Drums, Grain Bins, Oil
A. N. EATON, Prop.
1301 SPRUCE STREET
Phone Webster 278.
BEE PHOTO ENGRAVINGS
for Newspapers and Fine Job Work.
Bee Engraving Dept., 103 Bee Bldg., Omaha
Va Our ""wrj
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POLLOCK OIL CO.
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