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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 20, 1918)
"The Stars and Stripes
SmXsH ALL THE SLATES! BE SURE TO VOTE ONLY FOR THE BEST MEN- AT THE PRIMARY
The Omaha 'Daily Bee
VOL. 48 NO. 54. oRfAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20, 1918. V V.J TWO CENTS.
THE WEATHER -
day, probably Wednesday,
Thrrmoim-Ur Hruillnr '
A a. m.
fi a. ni.
1 . in.
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Ill a. in.
1 1 a. m
II J I P.M.
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-9 j 3 p. m. .......
70 4 p. ni .,...,.
a p. m.
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HUN U-BOAT SUPPLY BASE ON U. S. SOIL
Referendum Petition Bars
Women From Votes Today
From a Staff Correspondent.
Lincoln, Aug. 19. (Special.)
Owing to the fact that referendum
petitions involving the measure
temporarily suspended it, Nebraska
women will be unable to take ad
vantage in the primaries Tuesday of
the partial suffrage law enacted by
the 1917 legislature. No provision
has been made for receiving or
counting women's votes, Secretary
of State Pool being enjoined from
certifying the referdum propo
sition to county clerks for the No
vember election, until the matter is
decided in the courts.
Thought Possible by Officials
Following Recent Discov
eries; Undersea Craft
Busy Off Nantucket.
By Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 19. Information
furnished by officers of vessels at
tacked by German submarines along
the American coast lias strengthened
the belief held by many officials that
tne enemy raiders nave Had com
munication with persons on shore and
may even have landed members of
their ' crews to secure information
Tfte Navy department, officially, re
fused tonight to indorse this belief
, though admitting the possibility.
Positive claim that he met an offi
cer from the submarine that sunk the
oil tank steamer, O. B. Jennings, in a
New York saloon, is made by the first
officer of that vessel, according to a
story reaching the department. The
recognition between the American
and German is said to have been in
stantaneous, the latter making his es
cape when the American appealed to
a brother officer accompanying him
for confirmation of his belief.
Other instances have been heard,
not so well substantiated, of the dis
covery of evidence that German sub
marines have been in close touch with
the shore: One story along this line
was that the captain of a coastwise
vessel, being ordered to the subma
rine with his papers, saw on the com
mander's desk New York newspapers
ot the same date.
Communication between the raiders
: and the main land is possible at scores
ot places along the Atlantic shore
naval officials believe, the irregularity
of the American coasts at certain
points making such possible.
Recently the precautions taekn by
. the authorities to prevent such com
munication have been greatly aug
mented both by shore patrol and
other methods which cannot be dis
cussed. No official report has been
made giving any definite evidence of
an enemy Doat navmg landed.
From authoritative sources it was
learned there is reason to believe
three German submarines have been
operating on the Ameriacn coasts at
three separate points. Two of these
have recently "ceased operating"
either because their stores have be
come exhausted or as a result of dam
age received in contact with the pa-
(Continued on Par Two, Column Two.)
Death Takes Three
" Members of Punch
Family in 3 Weeks
NO DECISION YET
OF REVENUE BILL
Disagreement Bobs Up Be
tween Treasury and House;
How to Reach Excess
From France Involves
Magnitude of Details
By Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 19. Disagree
ment arose again today between the
Treasury department and the house
ways and means committee as to pro
visions of the new revenue bill. The
treasury has submitted a letter pro
testing against increases in the ex
cess profits tax rates of the present
The committee and the treasury
have reached an agreement as to an
80 per cent war profits tax based on
ore-war earnings, but have been un
able to arrive at a common standing
on the method of reaching excess
profits, which classification it has
been estimated will affect only about
10 per cent of the total corporations
to be taxed
The treasury asked that the present
excess profits law be included in the
new bill with an alternative war tax
of 80 per cent. The committee sub
mitted its decision to' the treasury
for its views. The treasury today in
its letter, which was not made public,
stood firm m its position in opposi
tion to increase of excess profits tax.
It was originally in favor of a W
per cent deduction and it may return
to it by some compromise action.
Chairman Kitchin authorized the fol
lowing statement at the close of to
"The committee spent the entire
day considering the provisions of the
bill and reached no agreement. The
stamp tax schedule of the present law
was left intact except that the com
mittee increased the tax rate on play
ing cards from seven cents tb eight
cents a pack."
The committee considered a tax on
opium and narcotics and it expects to
frame a schedule which will yield ap
The committee tomorrow will pass
upon Secretary McAdoo's plan for a
three per cent differential on unearned
incomes. The treasury has recom
mended a normal tax of 12 per cent
on earned, and 15 per cent tax on
By Associated Press.
With the American Army in France, Aug. 19. The recent Marne fight-
mg iias iuusiraiea tne dimcuities in prompt reporting ot casualties.
The system of keeping track of every member of the American ex
,j : : .. i : - t , ...
pcuiuiai.y iuiics is smipiy urgamzcu, oui u is gigantic, racts concerning
every casualty are rusned Dy courier to the central records office where a
check is made against his name and record to prevent confusion and to
identity turn, then a message is prepared and checked back and then
cabled to Washington.
In trench fighting and in small operations it is possible to make almost
immediate casualty reports, but in encounters such as the Marne battle the
task becomes difficult and slow, despite the best efforts of the authorities.
The regulations require that every case of killed, wounded or missing
must be established beyond a doubt. Units moving forward for hours
under heavy fire losing men on the way, cannot pause to check casualties.
These must come later from dressing stations, hospitals or burying parties
operating in the wake of the advancing lines.
Frequently records and reports are destroyed or lost in action. At
Seicheprey a certain American unit was isolated for nearly two days by a
heavy German barrage. Several members of the unit sacrificed their lives
in an effort to penetrate the wall of fire. Finally, a German raiding party
captured and made off with the organization's records. On another occa
sion, a statistical unit was bombed out of its position and its carefully pre
pared casualty reports were scattered over the landscape.
Again, replacement troops may be thrown into action with sonic or
ganization being reformed for attack, the unit commander having no knowl
edge of who they are. Thus if the records ate lost or destroyed by shell
fire or bombing, it becomes almost impossible to make accurate rammltv
reports for days, perhaps for weeks.
American wounded often find their way into French or British dressing
stations and are sent on to French or British hospitals. They are carried
on their own rolls as missing, until finally they find their way back to their
own units or are officially reported at home as missing.
PREDICTS II. S.
DURING 1 919
General March Tells Senate
War Should Be Ended Next
Year; Man Power Bill
GERMANS RETREAT .
BEFORE HOT FIRE
Polls Open at 8 o'clock, When
Electors of All Parties
May Have Chance to
Voting places will be open on Tues
day from 8 a. m. to 8 p
"Smash the slates I"
Remember that good intentions will
not count for Congressman Sloan, Al
bert W. Jefferis and other 100 per
cent Americans. You must cast your
ballots for these men if you would
have your good intentions realized
The swift reach of the grim reaper
has taken three out of one family
within three weeks according to in
formation from St. Louis of the death
there on Sunday of Mrs. Doris Pundt,
widow of Henry Pundt, following the
death of her eldest daughter, Miss
Emma Pundt, the day before and that
of her son, George W. Pundt, whose
remains were interred here in the
family plot in Prospect Hill week
The Pundt family was among the
pioneer residents of Omaha, having
cdriie here in 1856 the name being long
attached to the ' leading grocery es
tablishment" of the city. After the
death of Henry Pundt the family had
removed to St. Louisand established
a grocery" there conducted by the
sons. The daughter, Miss Emma
Pundt, had beeu in poor health for
several years, most of the time in a
sanitarium, and Mrs. Pundt, in her ad
vanced years, had also been feeble for
some time. v
The sudden death of the mother in
nediately . following that of the
daughter has changed the funeral ar
rangements so that the remains of
both, will be brought here for iutVr
tnent Wednesday morning-' and-will
be accompanied by the only surviving
member tf the family. "Miss Ida
Pundt, and a cousin. J. W. Pieckson.
Two Hundred and Fifty
; Thousand Lack Proper Food
Hongkong. Saturday, Aug. 17.
Five thousand persons are homeless
and 250.000 are without proper food
as-a result of a flood in the Tung
Kiang river. The American Ked Cross
is providing tcuiDorarv relief. ,
New Orders Received for
Classifioations in Draft
Producers are to keep producing,
railroads are to be operated and de
pendents arc to be cared for. accord
ing to new instructions to draft boards
in regard to the classification of reg
istrants for war service. '
At the Wind-up
The Smith-Howell-Dodge machine
is going around m circles, with lights
out and the cut-out wide open.
As a political observer remarked,
"It may have been a good wagon,
but it done broke down."
Putting all levity aside, the machine
unloading its excess bacD-ao-c to
save Dodge out of the wreck, all off
which recalls a bit of local poliltical
history. This machine, in its incep
tion, was assembled with Dodge and
Howell as the head and front, other
candidates having been added from
time to time.
A legislative slate was filled in and
selection made for lieutenant gover
nor, county attorney, sheriff and two
police judges. That was to have been
the political bopuet which the bosses
of the machine intended to conjure
with on primary day.
As it became necessary to unload
some of the ballast the "slate" began
to go to pieces. One of the legisla-
. (Continued on Face Two, Column Five.)
SERVICE FLAGS FOR ALL
Nearly Every House Is Now
! Entitled to Fly a Service Flag
The Bee,, has secured a limited supply of handsome
paper service flavin correct, colors, ll-y 18 inches, with
from one to five service stars, to be pasted on the window
pane. They are of the same quality and workmanship
as the American flag which we distributed and they may
be had at any of our offices by our readers at nominal
price in exchange for attached coupon.
AT KING'S DEN
Knights Supreme Thought Now
Loyalty to Nation, but Car
rying Out Central Idea
Omaha Bee Service Flag Coupon
Good for one service flag when presented with 3 cents at any of
iue luiiuwing unices ; . i 1
4mbi Offlc. Km Bid.
Amet Office 4110 N. 24 Ui
Mk Offlce. jju k tb
W.lnnt Offlc. nil "it.
Prk omc. 2615 Lurea-
Vinton Office. 16ta and
Xoutli Bid Offlo. 2318
.'ounrll Bluff Offlc. 14
v. Mils fit
nion Offlr. MlllUr,
U n4 Mttn St
If to be ent by
mail enclose f eenU
to Incude wrapping
"Not to subjugate, but to liberate,
shall we carry on the Stars and
Stripes until we attain a just peace,"
said A. W. Jefferirs, candidate for
congress, as he addressed the large
audience at the Ak-Sar-Ben den Mon
'Ak-Sar-Ben was originally con
ceived in a time of stress to boost
for Omaha and for Nebrask. The
same lessons of loyalty to city and
nation that Ak-Sar-Ben inculcated in
tins old den then it is teaching to
day, but for a creater cause and a
greater nation. And Ak-Sar-Ben and
Omaha and Nebraska and the na
tion shall carry on until a just peace
is won for the rights of man."
Visitors From North.
Mr. Jefferis' speech was delivered in
vigorous and incisive fashion and was
applauded to the echo by the civil
ians and soldiers and the French of
ficers from Fort Omaha who were
present as guests of the evening.
Delegations from Blair. Herman
and Tekaniah and a contingent of
Fort Omaha soldier boys made up an
appreciative audience for a snappy
and well-staged performance of the
"Camp at Rum Bay" and the "Burn
ing of Berlin."
Ball Question Undecided.
The question of whether tS hold a
coronation ball this year, which was
to be decided at the meeting ot the
board of governors of Ak-Sar-Ben
held earlier in the evening, was again
postponed for later discussion. Ches
ter R. Campbell, representing the al
lied war exhibit, to be presented in
the city the week of September 30,
was a guest at the meeting of the
boaW, as were several members of
the group of French officers at Fort
Lincoln men will be entertained at
the den next Monday evening. No
show will be given the evening of
Labor day, September 2, it has been
announced, and the last .performance
of the season will take place Septem
ber v tor tne entertainment ot visit
ors to Merchants' Market week.
Wilson Approves Sentence
Of Convicted Army Officer
Washington, Aug. 19. -Sentence of
dismissal from the army and five
years imprisonment at hard labcr, im
posed by military court-martial upon
First Lt. Milo C. Frank, Camp Sheri
dan, Ala., has been approved by Presi
dent Wilson. Lt. Frank was convict
ed of having conspired with another
officer in making a fraudulent claim
against the government for $ i .006.
purporting to be for supplies de
livered to the camp.
By Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 19. Congress
prepared today to enact quickly the
new man power legislation, extend
ing the draft age limits to 18 and
15 years. General March told the
house military committee the pro
gram should win the war in 19J9.
Predicting that the war will be
won or lost on the western front, re
gardless of what happens elsewhere,
Geneal March told .the committee
that with 80 trained American divi
sions of about 45,000 men each, in
France, under an American com
mander, victory ought to rest on
American arms next vear.
Reiterating his belief that such a
force could go through the German
lines at will, General March went
further and electrified the committee,
by drawing such a force "should
bring the war to a successful conclu
sion in 1919."
57 senators, 29 republicans and 28
democrats answered today s roll call
as soon as it was tound that a quorum
sapn as it was fouitd that it quorum
was present, senator Chamberlain
asked that the recess agreement be
vacated and there was no opposition
He then announced that he wduld
bring,4ip the man power bill Thurs
day. Upon the motion of Senator
Nelson of Minnesota, the ranking
republican present, the senate at once
adjourned out of respect to the late
In extending the draft ages Secre
tary Baker was against exemption of
college students as a class as "thor
Scientifically trained experts, how
ever, are needed, and education of
such men must be continued to an ex
tent. On the question of volunteer en
listments, which some committee
members said should be discontinued
for the navy and marine corps as well
as the army if the new bill is passed,
Mr. Baker said the navy opposes pro
hibiting volunteer enlistment, and he
had withheld an expression of opin
ion. He pointed out, however, that
the bill would place every man be
tween 18 and 45 under control of the
War department and that it would be
possible for him and Secretary Dan
iels to work out in harmony a pro
gram to supply men for the navy for
the fighting branch and also the mer
chant's ship service.
Turning to the Thomas "work or
fight", amendment, added to the bill
continued on rage Two, Column Three.)
Democrats Try Their Hand
At Eleventh-Hour Slate
Democratic workers in Douglas
county have been given the tip. so it
is said, to pass out the word today to
work for the following slate as being
the expressed wish of the high ma
chine men: Senator, Morehead; gov
ernor, Neville; lieutenant governor,
Banning; secretary of state, Gate-
wood; auditor, Mumford; attorney
general, Campbell of Lincoln; railway
Gains . by British Around Roye and French Ad
vance From Lassigny to Oise Valley Place
Huns in Bad Predicament; Americans
Blazing Away at Aisne.
With the French Army in France, Aug. 19.- The battle
has now extended to both banks of the Oise and the enemy""
hitherto fronting on the west, ia now menaced on his southern
flank. General Mangin's whole objective has been attained
along the entire front of 10 miles. The enemy, although he
r, i 1 1.- . .t JU. iJ. 1. 1
-t.-ff-lll.vi III r I H J H I 1 I H W Ml.. .11 I II U I'll III IIIIT U I I U I ' i. no. B IIU 1 I m Iff.
calculated the date and was in effect taken by surprise on a v
weakly held front, the German commanders apparency having ;
no reserves within call. , . ,. ". v
The allies now command the valley along the whole of its
length. The enemy must accordingly withdraw all but his im
mediate fighting line behind the plateau on his side of the .'
valley. , . ,
Are Too Reading
Oh, Money! Money!
By ELEANOR H. PORTER.
Author of "Pollyanna" and
Today's Installment on Page Five.
'Bergson to Replace' Metin
On French Economic Mission
San Francisco, Aug. 19. Reports
that M. Henri Bergson, French
phijosopher, had been tendered the
posl of civilian head of the French
economic mission to Australia, to suc
ceed M. Albert Metin, deceased, were
confirmed here today by M. Andre
Siegfried, secretary of the mission.
bulletin. ; -:.
With the American Army, on the Vesle Front,' Aug. 19.
The Americans and French increased their grip on their hold- .
ings north of the Vesle river at several points early Monday ;
morning oy siignt miantry advances. Tne maneuvers, were
carried out .without encountering anv Germans. . . . ' " -.
the French 'and Americans Sunday began operating the,
biggest guns they have usedssince they reached the Vesle. ;
These heavy guns are blazing away at the Aisne river region '
and beyond it. where aerial observers have reported that the ,
Germans are concentrating supplies.
Germans on three imnortant sectors north of the western7
battle front have been compelled to give up positions of great
strategic value under the onslaughts of the British and French
troops. , , . , - . . : , .
In the Lys sector, west of Armentieres, the enemy has re
treated over a front of nearly six miles, leaving the town of
Merville in British hands. Between,the Matz and Oise rivers the
French have fought their way to the western outskirts of the
dominating position of Lassigny and farther south in this hill
and wooded region have debouched from the Thiescourt wood m
and also captured the town of Pimprez, situated in the Oise
valley on the Noyon-Compiegne road. , f
Frencn uain Mile.'
Around the curve in the battle line, ,
northwest of Soissons the French
from near Carlepont to Fontenoy'on
the Aisne, a distance of approximate
ly nine miles, have driven baek the
enemy to an average 'depth of more
than a mile and captured several vil
lages and 2,200 prisoners.
Unofficial reports record the cap
ture by the British of the railway
station on the western outskirts of '
Koye, one ot the pivotal points on
the battle front between the Somme .
and the Oise. . ,
The gains are most important for,
ine antes, ior asiae irora wiae areas
over which the enemy has been com
pelled to acknowledge , defeat the .
weakening in the German defense is
becoming daily more noticeable. With-,;
in a short time they probably will be
forced to commence a 1 retrograde '
movement on a scale that will mean
the entire blotting out of old lines
and the takipg up of new. ones to the v
cast ana soumeasr posstoiy trorn tne, .
region of Rheims to Ypresl
The Lys salient is fast fadingr away
under the attacks of the British and -
the voluntary retirement of fte Ger
mans to new defense positions east
ward and seeming! the bur wester-
ly bulge into the allied line between
SOON FALL INTO
HANDS OF FRENCH
Massive . Blows Against Ger
man Lines From Somme to
Soissons Bring Battle
to Crucial Point..
By Associated Press.
With the French Army in France,
Aug. 19. Successive blows delivered
against the Germans since August 10,
all along the line from the Somme
to Soissons, appear to have brought
the operations to a crucial point.
After yielding in the early operations
the enemy has been making a des
perate stand at critical points, but
his resistance has failed to overcome
the steady pressure around Lassigny
and Koye. i
The French third army made fuN
ther progress today in the region ofvappear,
i : i .1.. tl: i i.:n I
Lassigny and the Thiescourt hills.
They have occupied the greater part
of Beuvraignes and are forgiag nearer
Lassigny from the south of Fres
nicres and the Canny woods and also
are pressing northward toward Las
signy by forcing an exit from the
These gains were made during the
most severe fighting. Lassigny is
likely to fall any moment.
Ypres itnd Labassee soon must dis
Photo of Camp Cody Troops
Taken In Odd Formation
Camp Cody, Deming, N. Mex., Aug.
19. (Special Telegram.) The Thirty
fourth Division, General John A.
Johnston commanding, stood on the
plain west of this camp today on a
ground design or crest representing
the head of a buffalo, while a govern
ment photographer took the picture.
The lights and shades of the design
were formed by soldiers in different
In a circle around the design sol
diers formed the division motto:
"Duty, Honor, Country," spelled by
men dressed in blire, white and khaki.
Moving pictures were taken when the
division marched to quarters.
General Johnston who served with
Coloael Cody as a captain, was de-
sirous that the men remember the
activities of the veteran plainsman
and spoke to the troops of the late
scout's exploits in the old Indian
Selective draft men. from several
states, only a week to a month in
uniform, are being used to fill the
original regiments here from Minne
sota, Iowa, Nebraska and the Da
kotas, many men from which have
The casual camp here is being filled
with the August draft and Deming
residents say that another division
will be trained here when the "Sand
storm" division leaves. Many thous
and dollars' worth of improvements
are beinsr made.
Back Across Picardy.
Under the new gains of the British' .
around Roye and particularly those '
made by the French from'Lassigny
to the Oise valley and northwest of -Soissons,
the Germans now are in a
bad predicament. Here their positions ;
are dominated by the allied guns from
the west, southwest and south for
many miles and apparently retreats '
eastward across the plains of Picatdyl
and over the Somme and even from
the western Aisne will be necessi
Thejatest German communicatiot :
asserts that French arrarka hmt
the Oise and Aisne, delivered over a '
wide front, failed, but the French 1
statement is specific, in announcing ' .
the penetration of the environs of
Lassigny, the cutting of a passage
way through the Thiescourt ; wood v
aud the capture of Pimpres. , That A,-
there hag been hard fighting is indi-
cated by the British statement, which '
says that northwest of Chaulnes the
Germans succeeded in penetrating the "
British lines at several points . but
later were driven out. , , ',,.
On the other battle fronts there is
little activity except in tjie nature (
of artillery duels and patrol en conn-
ters. j :',,.f,
Additional American , troops "ar- "
rived in Vladivostok to aid the other
lmcrnauonai iroops in tneir odcm
tions against the Bolshevik and Ce9t -
man forces in Siberia. v.. i, : - . ,
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