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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 7, 1918)
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"The Stars and Stripes
IK31 MI umM
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RETREAT Of HUNS
BACKS TO AISNE
American Machine Gunners Wipe Out Entire Battalion
of Enemy Stationed on Hill to Prevent Construc
tion of Bridge Across Vesle; Small Force
Retains Foothold in Fismes.
By The Associated Press.
With the American Army on the Aisne-Marne Front, Aug.
6. With their backs to the Aisne, the Germans continued prep
arations today for what may be either a stiff resistance to give
them more time for further withdrawal, or for a definite stand.
Minor actions along the American portion of the front and in
the adjoining French sectors marked the day.
The little force of men who were sent in to Fismes still
maintain their foothold although they are not yet across the
m man a il 1 i l
v The Germans have been unremit-
ting in their efforts to dislodge the
Americans, pounding the town with
shells and deluging it with gas.
' Numerous efforts have been made to
retake the position, but in every in
stance the accuracy of the American
fire, both of the supporting artillery
and tie small arms of the infantry
within it, drove back the enemy.
American machine gunners, pro
tecting a location on the Vesle, west
of Fismes, wiped out an entire bat
talion of German infantrymen and
machine gunners today. The Ger
mans" at tht time were getting into
position attack a group of Ameri
can bridge builders who were ap
proaching the location.
Some bridge material had been
moved near the south bank of the
Vesle and the Germans, discovering
it, had sent a battalion to a hill posi
tion to prevent the Americans carry
ing out their plan. A detachment of
crack American machine gunner? had
' taken an elevated position command
ing the location and opened fire when
the Germans appeared.
Observers reported that they did
not see a single German get away
from the leaden hail and according
to the last accounts not even enemy
stretcher bearers approached the
scene. The Germans replied so fee
bly with their fire that there were no
4,-' Patrols Cross River.
To the east and west of Fismes
the Americans have continued their
reconnaissance" work, patrols crossing
"the river at different places. The de
tachments, however, never exceeded
more than 20 men.
Near (town deletKH a few men
have remained, and another force is
on the hill over the river near Fis
mes. Clearer weather resulted in more
aerial activity for a few hours, but
the clouds reappeared and the rain
again began to fall and the aircraft
were forced 'to suspend operations.
The Germans immediately seized
the opportunity to send planes for
photographic purposes and incident
ally to shoot up the allied transport.
These planes in every case were
quickly forced back by anti-aircraft
Prepare to Press Advance.
The engineers have mobilized
equipment for their part of the ad
vance, and reports from far back of
the line indicate that all elements of
the allied forces will be immediately
From the German side observers
have reported wagon trains in large
numbers moving over some of the
roads toward the rear. This is not
construed as conclusive evidence that
the Germans still are in retreat. But
this fact and the further fact that
up to date the Germans have not used
at all extensively any but their small
and medium caliber guns tends to
support the belief that the crown
prince really intends to make the Ais
ne the objective of his line of re
treat The present positions of the Ger
mans are excellent for defense, how
ever, and it is regarded as not im
probable that they will dig in there.
The lev ,big guns which have been
used by the Germans are in positions
far back near the Aisne.
The clearing up of the big field of
retreat has netted in one half of the
territory advanced over by the Amer
icans alone IS train loads of ammu
nition and general supplies.
In Demonstration for
Suffrage at Capital
Washington, Aug. 6. Fifty women
attempting to stage a woman's party
demonstration against delay in the
senate of action on the woman suf
frage amendment were arrested by
the police late today at Lafayette
Square opposite the .White House.
river, whicn nows inrougn tne extreme nonn portion 01 tne
Under a heavy barrage all their wounded have been taken
out and during the night food was taken to them.
WOMEN LIKE THE
VOL. 48 NO. 43.2ttpTTKi. OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST
t il j m i
ON EAST ANGLIAN
British Flyers Bring Down One
Airship in Flames, Dam
age Second and Drive
London, Aug. 6. The attempted
raid by German Zeppelins on the
east Anglian coast last night proved
to be a complete fiasco, according to
reports thus far received.
British flyers were ready for the
visitors and met them well out at
sea, bringing down one in flames,
damaging a second and driving a
third away. What, happened to the
other two is not disclosed in the of
ficial statement. The fact, however,
that the report said "Zeppelins
crossed the coast" is ground for the
presumption that these did reach land.
There is. no evidence as yet that
they dropped any bombs.
The novel feature of the raid was
the early arrival of the airships. Two
of them were actually seen approach
ing the coast by holiday makers from
the promenade of a widely known
seaside resort. It is considered pos
sible that the Germans miscalculated
the visibility and by arriving before
dark invited an easy defeat.
Airplanes immediately went into
pursuit and the Zeppelins, throwing
out smoke clouds, turned northward
and endeavored to escape. They were
overtaken some 40 miles from the
shore and just 'before midnight one
was brought down in flames and an
Army of Half a Million is
Being Raised in India
London, Aug. 6. Half a million
combatants are being raised in India
this year, it was announced in the
House of Commons today by Edwin
Samuel Montagu, the secretary for
The secretary emphasized the fact
that Indian troops were playing the
chief part in the campaigns in Meso
potamia, Palestine and East Africa.
Kirchbach Succeeds Eichhorn.
Amsterdam, Aug. 6. Gen. Count
Kirchbach has arrived at Kiev and
assumed his duties as successor to
Field Marshal Herman von Etch
horn, who was assassinated late in
July, according to advices from Ber
Internal Revenue for Year
Amounts to $3,694,703,000
Washington, Aug. 6. How the
gdvernment war coffers were filled
with billions in taxes gathered from
a wide variety of sources ranging
from taxes on playing cards to huge
levies on excess profits, was shown
in detail today by a report of In
ternal Revenue Commissioner Roper
to Secretary McAdoo for the year
ending last June 30. The figures will
be used by the house ways and means
committee in framing the new revenue
Total internal revenue for the year
amounted to $3,694,703,000, of which
$2,839,083,000 came from income and
excess profits tax payments in June
and $855,619,000 from a multitude of
miscellaneous sources, collected large
ly in snies, dimes and quarters add
BEE BECAUSE IT KEEPS THEM IN TOUCH WITH WOMEN'S WAR WORK
Omaha' Daily Bee
Extensive Search Made for U-Boat Bases
to Clear Transport Lanes of Hun Pirates
Halifax, N. S., Aug. 6. To stimu
late interest m search for possible
German supply bases on the Nova
Scotia coast or the Bay of Fundy,
DASH OF RAIN IN
Maximum Temperature on
Third Day of Heat Wave
102; Much Cooler
' at Night.
Following the slight drop in tem
perature in Omaha after 6 o'clock last
evening came a few minutes of rain
fall shortly before 10 o'clock. The
rain was preceded by a violent wind,
which lasted only a short time. Hopes
were strong for a good rain, but the
few drops which fell were barely
enough to wet the pavements. The
night was noticeably cooler than the
two preceding nights, however.
The day's maximum was 102 de
grees at 2 o'clock. Rains over the
state made it practically certain the
heat wave was broken, though the
local forecaster held out no hope of a
big drop in temperature.
Rains in Nebraska.
The Northwestern reports light to
heavy rains Monday night, and .his
morning over the entire Bonesteel
country, just over the Nebraska line
in South Dakota, and fairly heavy
rain all the way east over the Black
Hills line from Gordon, east to In
man, a point 65 miles west .f Nor
folk. The morning report indi.-ated
that it was raining hard at Inman
and that the storm was working e:.st.
with cooler weather following in its
On the Burlington there was rain
all through the western part of le
braska, with fairly heavy shovers
from Minden to Oxford, in the South
Practically everywhere in the state
according to the reports to the rail
roads, there are indications that the
torrid spell has been broken. In the
western part of the state at 7
o'clock yesterday temperatures
ranged from 65 to 72 degrees above
zero; in the eastern section, 70 to
88, with Lincoln as the hottest
Rain in Wyoming.
In Wyoming rains were pretty
general Monday night, and yesterday
morning the temperatures were 50 to
60 degrees above zero.
The weather bureau yesterday
had the pleasing report that rain has
fallen and is falling in the upper great
lakes region and from there west
across Minnesota, the Dakotas and
in places all the way to the Pacific
Two inches of rain fell Monday
night in Rock and Brown counties.
Most of the weather bureau report
ing stations throughout the state had
maximum temperatures of more than
100 degrees Monday.
ed to the prices of various articles
paid by consumers.
Collections for the entire year were
only enough to pay the nation's bills
for two and a half months of the
war at the rate the government is
now spending money.
Next to income and excess proUs
taxes, the backbone of the revenue
schedule, liquor taxes, brought in the
most money, $443,838,000 including
$317,553,000 from whisky, brandy,
wine and spirits, and $126,285,000
from beer and other fermented
liquors. Taxes on cigars, cigarettes
and other tobacco oroducts yielded
$156,188,000. These figures are some
what higher than those reported soon
after the close of the year by Com
missioner Roper and are subject to
turtner sugnt modifications.
v .s . -uw V 44 -i. v
TRiW5.P.ORT3 QI509IT.G, OCEAN
the Halifax Herald and Evening Mail
today offered a reward of $5,000 for
information leading to their location.
The Herald also has agreed to pay
Government to Reinstate
For Union Membership
Washington, Aug. 6. Investiga
tion of the discharge of union em
ployes of the Western Union and
Postal Telegraph companies has
been ordered, Postmaster General
Burleson said today, and he inti
mated that any men so penalized
for union membership would be re
instated under government control.
Mr. Burleson had a long confer
ence with President Wilson after
today's cabinet meeting. He said
the chief task of his department
in connection with wire control
just now was to reach an equitable
adjustment with the private owners
TO SEND ARMED
FORCE TO SIBERIA
Bolsheviki Considering War
Declaration as Answer to
Allied Plans for Inter
vention in Russia.
London, Aug. 6. It fs reported
from Moscow by way of Berlin that
the bolshevik government in Russia is
considering a declaration of war
against Japan, says an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen
Premier Lenine, the message adds,
has up to this time been opposed to
such action, but it is believed that
Russia "will be compelled to declare
war, notwithstanding the people are
opposed to any new war."
Tokio, Saturday, Aug. 3. Voicing
the aim, of Japan to crush the Prus
sian menace in the far east, Count
Terauchi stated that the present step
lor armed intervention in Siberia had
been taken in perfect accord with the
allies. If it should be necessary for
the allies to dispatch additional troops
and arms the country must be pre
pared to meet the emergency.
The Japanese-American negotia
tions had been made the basis of a re
crudescence of wrangling over do
mestic politics, with charges and
counter charges and sensational de
mands for the resignation of the
cabinet and the customary campaign
cf recriminations. Consequently the
government had recently closed down
tightly on the newspapers, which
were rigidly suppressed if they at
tempted to discuss the negotiations.
It is understood that the Seilyukai
majority party in the house is willing
to adopt a wait-and-sei policy. Con
sequently the Kensei Kai minority
which had hoped to effect an opposi
tion combination is powerless for the
present There seems every reason
to believe the tenseness of the situa
tion has been relieved and that the
plans for the protection of the
Czecho-Slovaks and of the allied in
terests against German and Austrian
influence in Siberia, completed long
ago, will be carried out without ex
citement. As far as Japan is concerned, every
detail for putting the plan into execu
tion already has been arranged.
K. of C. War Fund for Year
Now Reaches $11,669,529
New York, Aug. 6. More than
1,000 Knights of Columbus issemDled
here today for the annual conventioti
of the order, at which the first gen
eral accounting of its stewardship of
Catholic war activities was made pub
lic. James A. Flaherty of Philadelphia,
supreme knight, said $11,569,529 had
been contributed and pledged to the
Knights of Columbus war fund this
7, 191SS"FA?WWS!;i TWO CENTS. '
$300 to any one giving information
that will lead to the first arrest of
"any of the enemy agents," who, it
is alleged, infest Halifax.
TWO OMAHA MEN
ARE WOUNDED IN
Nels Foss and Orrin Wiggins
in Latest Casualty List as
Having Been Injured;
Bellevue Star Also.
Two Omaha names appear on yes
terday's army casualty lists. They
are Nels Foss, 4231 Grant street,
and Orrin G. Wiggins, 1808 Miami
street. Both are reported wounded,
The Lt. Allan A. Tukey of Des
Moines, mentioned on the list of
those wounded is probably the same
as Lt. Allan A. Tukey of Omaha, who
was reported wounded some time
Bellevue Star Wounded.
The first casualty among the 100 or
more Bellevue college students in the
national service was reported in Tues
day's marine list, when Harry O. Ir
win, Craig, Neb., was reported wound
ed, degree undetermined. Irwin left
college in the spring of 1917, shortly
after war was declared. After train
ing at Paris Island, S. C, he was sent
Irwin made a notable record in ath
letics at Bellevue. For two years he
was a star end on the football team
and for two years played guard on the
college basketball team.
The names of five other Nebraska
boys are on the list. Private Ernest
R. August, Dorchester, Neb., was
killed in action. Lt. Edgar C. West
ervelt, Lincoln; Sergt. Albert J. Gra
bowski, Beatrice; Cook John Wayne
Webb, Winnetoon, and Frank Young,
Liberty, are noted as severely
Twenty-one From Iowa.
Two Nebraska boys arc among the
marine casualties on the day's list.
They are Harry O. Irwin, Craig, and
Richard Ellis, Crete, both wounded,
Twenty-one Iowa names occur on
the army casualty list and three on
the marine list issued yesterday. Cor
poral William Sutton, Brooks, and
Private Carl H. Barr, Akron, were
killed in action. Sixteen Iowa boys
were wounded severely. Lts. Ladis
lauw T. Janda, West Cedar Rapids,
and Allan A. Tukey, Des Moines, are
among the number. The Nebraska
and Iowa list follows:
Killed in Action.
Corp. William Sutton. Brooks. Ia
Private Ernest R. August, Dorches
Carl H. Barr, Akron, Ia.
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
AMERICAN TROOPS RESCUE
Party of French Peasants on Verge
of Starvation When Relief Came.
90 REFUGEES IN LARGE CAVE
By Associated Press.
With the American Army on the
Aisne-Marne Front. Aug. 6. Ninety
French peasants, who had been living
in a large cave near Ville-Savoye,
southwest of Fismes, were rescued by
the Americans after having passed
through two battles and remaining
prisoners to the Germans for five
weeks. When discovered by the
Americans the peasants were nearly
starved, their scant supply of food
having been almost exhausted before
the last battle of the Vesle began.
The cave formerly was a quarry and
when the Germans arrived in the
neighborhood in the latter part of
May the peasants round about Ville
Savoye assembled in the cave rather
OF GAS RELEASED
AGAINST V. S. MEN
Fismes Sector Described as Veritable Inferno; Missiles
Returned With Added Interest by Americans Who
Are Virtually Unharmed by Fumes; 35,000
Prisoners and 700 Cannon Taken in Drive.
By Associated Press. . ' '
Conditions along the Vesle between Soissons and Rheima 1
are unchanged. There have been no developments of impor
tance on the line running from the region of Montdidier toward
seems to forecast big events. t
Heavy rainfalls doubtless are having more to do with the
holding in leaeh of General Foch's troops than the opposition
the Germans are throwing in their way.
The Germans have been
French on the northern bank of
counter attacks against them,
with a stone wall resistance.
F STREET VIADUCT
AND FUEL HOUSE
AT YARDS 3URNE0
Hundred Thousand Dollar Blaze
Destroys Bridge Over Tracks
in South Side; Eight
Fire, started by a spark from an
engine, almost completely destroyed
the South Side F street viaduct at
Thirtieth and F streets Tuesday
night, reduced the new $17,000 fuel
house to ashes, and worked havoc
with the great network of tracks
which lead to the Union Stock yarde.
The fire started late in the after
noon and quickly spread to the cars
and buildings in the vicinity. The
west end of the bridge burned so
quickly that it was almost destroyed
before the flames were checked by
the firemen and apparatus from the IS
stations which were summoned.
Big Structure Collapses.
The extent of the loss is esti
mated as well above $100,000. all
covered by insurance. Due to the
high cost of steel and building ma
terials under war conditions, the loss
may run far above that figure. Eight
freight cars were burned, two of
which contained shingles. Track
age in the vicinity was bent by fire
and washed out by water.
The center of the bridge collapsed
from the heat and fell in a huge mass
on the tracks beneath. Gangs under
the direction of Superintendent of
Transportation Richardson of the
stock yards began the work of clear
ing the wreckage immediately after
danger of the fire spreading was past.
Burns for Two Hours.
The fire burned two hours and a
half, fanned by the strong south wind,
viaduct was built in 1913 by the Union
Several oil tank cars stood beneath
the bridge but fortunately were emp
ty. The viaduct is owned by the va
rious roads whose tracks lie beneath.
The Union stock yards owns several
of the tracks and had built the fuel
house which was burned to the
ground only three weeks ago. The via
duct was built in 1913 by the Union
Pacific, Burlington and Missouri Pa
The Updike strain elevator, about
a block from the burning structure
was uninjured, because of the wind
which carried the sparks away from
it. A few small fires were started on
the L street viaduct, several blocks
than leave the vicinity of their homes.
The entrance to the cave was at the
foot of a hill, great layers of rock and
earth acting as a covering.
Many shells had struck close to the
roof, several exploding directly over
the place where the peasants had
taken refuge, but the thick rock and
earth roof was not damaged.
The peasants too kail the supplies
possible from their farms, but finally
were compelled to appeal to the Ger
mans for additional food. They were
given an allowance so scanty that they
were compelled to forage tor sus
tenance, but this procedure was diffi
cult owing to the fact that the in
vaders allowed them to seek food
only within a prescribed area
For Nebraska Part cloudy;
not quite so warm in southeast.
6 m. m.
6 a. in.
7 , m.
ft . m .
1 p. m.
S p m.
4 p. m.
10 a. m ft
11 m Itt
11 in 94
p. nt loo
7 p. m 97
8 p. m 9S
shelling the Americans and
the Vesle or delivering heavy
but everywhere they have met
5 They also have deluged the south-'
ern line of the stream with shells oi
all calibers, including gas projectiles,
and even have brought their famous
flame throwers into play, but all to
no purpose. The allied lines every
where have remained firm.
Wind Turns Gas Back.
Where the Germans have thrown
shells in the Fismus sector, American
missiles have been returned with
added interest. This particular sector
has been a veritable inferno. Gas in.
large quantities was released against
the Americans, who were virtually un.
harmed by tk.e fumes. A kindly
switch in the wind at one time even
turned back the gas against the en-,
emy. The French also have answer
ed the Germans in kind.
During the hiatus in the righting on
the Soissons-Rheims sector the Ger
mans are believed to be moving their
main bodies northward to the posi
tions cnosen lor a stana.
An inkling of what the Germans
have lost in men made prisoner and
guns captured by the allies has be
come public through an utterance of
the French premier at a session of
the ministerial council a which Gen
eral Foch was made a marshal of
France. .(. ;,
"Thirty-five thousand prisoners and
700 cannon have been captured," said
the premier, who added that Paris no
longer was in danger, that Soissons
and Chateau Thierry had been re
conquered and that 200 villages have,
been delivered through the formida
ble thrust of Foch's men through the
Soissons-Rheims salient. . ,
Battle Front Changing.
Much interest atta:hes to the
maneuvers ot the uerman and the
French and British troops, with the
latter of whom some Americans are
believed to be brigaded on the front
running from Montdidier to the'
region around Ypres. Ultimately the
operations here may have a strong
bearing on those now in progress in
the south and if the allies keep up
their thrusts and the Germans con
tinue to withdraw compel a realign
ment of the entire battle front.
The French north ot Montdidier
have crossed to the west side of the
Avre river between Braches and
Morisel. Here a fairly deep penetra
tion into the German line would be- .
come a direct menace i? the junction
point of the armies of the German
crown prince and of Crown Prince
Rupprecht. On both sfdes of Amiens,'
where the Germans have given
ground, they now are shelling British
positions, using quantities of gas, evi
dently with the intention of prevent
an attack in force. ' ,
Retreat Carried Out
Amsterdam, Aug. 6. The German,
retreat on the night of August 1 on
the main front between Soissons and
Rheims and southwest of the latter
city was carried out after everything
useful to the allies had been removed
or destroyed, according to an unoffi
cial dispatch from Berlin. All sup
plies and ammunition . were removed
in good time and the crops were
largely harvested. . ;
The statement says that the with
drawal of the troops who were in the
first line occurred without the loss of
"Dnna Hmi" Maao-i.a (a tin
WUIIO LSI J IVIGdOUIG iu uu
On Ballot in California
Sacramento, Aug. 6. A "bone dry":
initial measure which would prohibit
the manufacture, importation or sale
of intoxicating liquor in California
after December 3, 1918. except de
natured alcohol, was assured a place
on the ballot for the general election
November 5. next, when additional
petitions received today by Frank C.
Jordan, secretary of state brought the
total signatures of voters of the peti
tion to approximately 84,000 names.
The total number required was 74.-136.