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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1918)
"The Stars and Stripes
CrtOSS ASM 47
- . - -
Forces in Pursuit of Enemy Pass Through Veritable
Charnel Houses; Number of Prisoners Taken
"Will Thrill the World," Says Paris Dispatch;
Flood Hampers German Rear Guard.
Paris, Aug. 4. Both flanks of the German forces between
Rheims and Soissons appear to have been turned. The French
have forced a crossing of the Vesle west of Rheims.
German reinforcements are reported arriving in the Sois
sons sector from the north. The allies continue their advance,
according to latest reports, although it is held within prudent
limits. The allied left wing has moved faster than the right
and further progress in the Soissons region might expose it to a
counter attack from the enemy.
v Allied troops have crossed the Aisne at several points be
tween Soissons and Venizel. The German resistance is falter
ing on the left wing of the allied advance while it is growing
stubborn and desperate on the right wing, where the Germans
still retain a foothold on the southern bank of the Vesle, be
tween Champigny and Jonchery, northwest of Rheims.
Allied forces in pursuit' of the Germans have passed
through veritable charnel houses.
Bodies of men and . horses are
tninglcdi with brokendown vehicles
alongside ammunition dumps, some
partially exploded and others intact.
Bodies of Germans found in clusters
beyond the range of the allied artillery
indicate that 'severe punishment was
- inflicted oq the fleeing columns by
the aviators. '
Many Prisoners Captured.
' The number of prisoners captured
' by the allies during the last two days
will thrill the allied world when an
nounced. The Vesle river, which was
flooded owing to the recent heavy
rains, has hampered the German rear
guards, which were unable to ford the
stream and had to fight for their lives.
The most of these Germans were
killed and the rest were made prison
Indications are the Germans do not
intend to make a permanent stand on
, the, banks of the Aisne, but that they
Xi retreat to the CheminDes Dames
jfidge, which is one of the strongest
'positions in France, and for the mo
ment will try to hold the French while
getting away with their stores. The
allies captured the Chemin Des Dames
The war office statement today
"During the day we reached the
Vesle to the east of Fismes. The
enemy's rear guard opposed spirited
resistance especially btween Muizon
, and Champigny. Our light" elements
succeeded in taking a footing on the
north bank of the river at several
"Fismes is in our possession.
Huns Defend La Neuvillette.
"Northwest of Rheims we have
won ground up to the village of La
. Neuvillette, which the rnemy is de
fending with great energy.
-"'On the left bank of the Avre be
tween CasUl and Mesnil St. Georges
the Germans were forced to abandon
a part of their positions. We have
occupied Braches and penetrated into
Hargicourt We have also advanced
cur lines to the outskirts of Courte-
tnanchc. We took prisoners.
"Belgian communication, Aug. 4.
Our patrols brought in some prison
ers in the' region of Kippe and near
Dreibank. ' '
"Aviation. Second Lieutenant Cop
pens of the aviation service on Au
gust 3 downed in flames a captive
balloon near.Zonnebeke. This was
his 22nd victory.
"Eastern theater, Aug. .3. There
has been enemy artillery activity at
the mouth of the Struma and to the
east of the Vardar and artillery fight
ing and patrol encounters in the sec
tor south of the Hums and before the
Serbian front ' ;
"In Albania here have been patrol
Retire on British Front
London, Aug. 4. On the British
front tfie Germans have withdrawn be
tween Montdidier and Moreuil, a dis
tance of 10 miles. The French hold
(Continued on Pass Two, Column One.) v
.Widow Runs for Office
V of Sheriff who Was Slain
Reno, Nev., Aug. 4. Mrs. Mark L.
Wildes of Fallon, Nev., widow of
Sheriff Wildes, who was shot - and
killed by Paul Walters, a draft evader,
has filed nomination papers for i'.e
office her husband held, in opposition
to George A. Cole, who was appointed
to the vacancy. All efforts .4 the
part of Churchill county democrats
- to dissuade her were in vain, her re
ply being that she was "determined
ALL THE LATEST WAR NEWS BY
Vol.48h-No.l.ni?rry.'Jiw OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST
TO BE DISSOLVED
AS COURT ORDERS
Company Consents to Sale of
Certain, Machinery Lines
and of Two of Its
Washington,' Aug. 4. Under an
agreement by the government and the
International , Harvester company
federal court decrees declaring the so
called harvester trust to be an unlaw
ful combination and ordefing its dis
solution are to be carried into effect
The company's appeal, pending in
the supreme court since 1915, is to be
dismissed and an order issued provid
ing for the sale of certain machinery
lines controlled by the company to
gether with plants in Springfield, 0.,
and Auburn, N. Y.
The terms of the agreement were
made public tonight by the Depart
ment of Justice.
Under the terms of the agreement
the company will dispose of its har
vesting machinery lines known un
der the trade names of "Osborne,"
"Champion" and "Milwaukee" to
gether with all machinery and other
equipment and its plants in Spring
field, O., and Auburn, N. Y., where
the first two lines are manufactured.
Because of the country's financial
condition due to the war the govern
ment' is inclined to be more lenient
with -the company and will give it
until one year after peace has been
declared to carry out the terms of
The agreement provides that after
Pecember 31', 1919, the company will
not be permitted to have more than
one representative in each city. In
the event the terms of this agreement
fail to meet the situation and restore
competitive conditions in the harvest
ing and agricultural machinery trade
the government reserves the right at
the expiration of 18 months after the
war to "such further relief in the
present case as may be necessary to
Two Iowa Colleges to Have
Army Training Jorps Units
Washington, Aug. 4. Thirty-eight
educational institutions were notified
today by the adjutant general that
they had been designated to have
units of new students' army train
ing corps. Officers will be assigned to
the schools and rifles, uniforms and
other equipment soon will be shipped.
The colleges selected include:
Drake, Des Moines, Ia. University of
South Dakota, and Grinnell college at
Ten Per Cent Tax' on Luxuries
Agreed Upon by Committee
Washington, Aug. 4. A 10 per
cent tax on retail sale of a wide va
riety of commonly classified luxuries,
from jewelry to meerschaum pipes and
from smoking jackets to silk hosiery,
will be recommended to the full
house ways and means committee
Monday as the 'result of the de
ll liberations of the subcommittee.
Great Battle Resolves Itself Into Race '
For Northern Bank of Aisne by Germans
Evicted From Strategic Positions on Vesle
By the Associated Press.
The German retreat continues unabated, with the allies everywhere in hot pursuit.
Apparently, the situation now has resolved itself into a race for the northern bank of the
Aisne river by the Germans, who have been evicted from strategic positions along the Vesle
river, in the center of the line and directly east of Rheims, which seemingly renders necessary
that they put the Aisne between themselves and their pursuers to escape further large losses
of men made prisoner. . ,
Just how large the bag of captives is at present cannot be reckoned, but unofficial ad
vices from Paris assert that when the figures are made public they will thrill the allied world.
General Pershing in his communication says the Americans alone have taken 8,400 prisoners
and, in addition, 133 guns.
FISMES FALLS) ALLIES CROSS THE AISNE.
After hard fighting the Americans and French have succeeded in taking Fismes, once
Germany's great ammunition and supply depot, midway on the railway between Soissons and
Rheims, while' to the east at a number of places along the Vesle river the French have crossed
the stream, driving the enemy northeastward. East of Soissons allied troops have negotiated
the passage of the Aisne and are in position to harass the, enemy as he endeavors to
straighten out his line in conformity with that running northwestward.
So fast has been the retreat in the center that already some elements of the enemy forces
have succeeded in reaching the northern bank o f the Aisne and getting numbers of their big
guns across with them. All through the salient towns are still ablaze behind the retreating
Germans, and even corn fields have been set afire in order to prevent the allied troops from
garnering the ripened grain. .
HUNS MAKE FORLORN STAND WITH BACKS TO RIVER.
, With the Ve'sle at freshet and the Germans unable to ford it, they stood with their backp
to it and gave battle for their lives. Most of them were killed and the remainder made pris
oner. One of the most important maneuvers rforth of the Vesle was the penetration by the
French to the village of La Neuvillette, which releases the German hold on the northern out
skirts of Rheims and seemingly delivers the cathedral city from the German menace.
With the Germans now thoroughly vanquished thus far on the Soissons-Rheims salient,
eyes are being turned to the regions in the northwest on both sides of Amiens. Here the
French and British are keeping up their hard pressure against the armies of Crown Prince Rup
precht of Bavaria, and have forced them on two highly important sectors to retreat, v
f RETIRE ACROSS AVRE , r
Southeast iaf Amieria i on ''ifie61d"MoHdi3ier sector lhe Germans hal fallen 'Vack across
the Avre river over a wide front, while northeast of Amiens,lin the regions of Albert, a sim
ilar retrograde movement has been made across the Ancre. The German official communi
cation in admitting the withdrawal near Albert declares the maneuver was carried out with
out interference by the British.
There again has been considerable activity on the Italian mountain front, where at sev
eral points the Italians have attacked and defeated the Austrians. '
SUNK BY U-BOATS
Crews Land on Nova Scotia
Coast; Submarine Com
mander Boasts of Having
Had Other Victims.
Halifax, N. S., Aug. 4. Three
American fishing schooners were
sunk by German submarines off Seal
Island, Yarmouth county, on the
Nova Scotia coast yesterday. The
crews landed on the Nova Scotian
Ihe commander of, one submarine
told an American skipper that he had
sunk more American schooners hail
ing from Boston and Gloucester Fri
day afternoon. He did not give the
names of the vessels or mention what
became of the crews. &
The names of the schooners sunk
Saturday afternoon are the Rob Roy,
Capt, Freeman Crowell; Annie M.
Perry, Capt. James Goodman, and the
Muriel, Capt. E. Nickerson. .
The United States . cruiser San
Diego was sunk off Fire Island last
month by a mine laid by the German
submarine u-56, which captured and
burned the Canadian schooner Dorn
fontein in the Bay of Fundv last Fri
day, according to statements made by
members of the crew of the subma
rine to the captain and crew of the
Dornfontein, who arrived here late
last night after having been held on
the boat for five hours.
German Leaders Say They
Are Masters of Situation
Amsterdam, Aug. 4. "The enemy
evaded us on July IS and we there-
J6thi broke off operations. It is al
ways our endeavor to stop an under
taking as soon as the stake is not
worth the cost. I consider it one of
my principal duties to spare the blood
and strength of our soldiers."
General Ludendorff, first quarter
master general of the German army,
made thw statement to an assemblage
of German newspaper correspondents
who, were received by Field Marshal
von Hindenburg and himself, accord
ing to dispatches received here.
Referring to General Foch. Luden
?His plan was to cut off the entire
arc of front south of the Aisne by a
break brought on the flank, but with
the proved leadership of our seventh
and ninth army, that was quite im
possible. ?'.We reckoned with'ao attack on
War Labor Board Grants
. f To Steel Plant Workers
Washington, Aug. 4. The na
tional war labor board through its
joint chairmen, W. H. Taft and
Frank P. Walsh, today announced
its decision in the dispute between
Bethlehem Steel company and its
employes, granting important con.
cessions to 28,000 workers.
Workers are given the right to
organize and to bargain collective
ly. Revision or complete elimina
tion of the bonus system now in
operation is ordered.
The decision grants the revision
of 'piece work rates and the estab
lishment of a designated, guaran
teed minimum hourly wage rate
for about 5,000 machine shop
workers. It applies the basic eight
hour day with payment of time
and a half for all overtime and
double time on Sundays and holi
Chartering of Vessels
Brought Under Control
Washington, Aug. 4. Shipping
board control over the chartering of
vessels was made more complete by a
proclamation issued by President Wil
son, providing that no American sail
ing vessel over SO tons and no Am
erican steamer over 350 tons can be
chartered unless approved by the
shipping board. No foreign vessel
can be chartered to an American cit
izen without the shipping board's ap
proval. ; The proclamation does not
cover vessels on the Great Lakes, in
land canals or rivers, or coastwise
July 18 and were prepared for it. The
enemy experienced very heavy losses
and the Americans and African aux
iliary troops, which we do not under
estimate, suffered severely.
"By afternoon of the 19th we al
ready were fully masters of the situa
tion and shall remain so. We left the
abandoned ground to the enemy ac
cording to our plan. 'Gain of ground'
and 'Marne' are only catch-words
without importance for the issue of
the war. We are now, as before, con
fident." Von Hindenburg told how econom
ically German troops had been used.
"This circumstance and supply con
sideration decided our measures and
we transferred the fighting to favor
able ground, where the troops easily
could be supplied. We all want peace,
but it must be peace 'with honor."
The correspondents say Hinden
burg is in the best of health,
FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE
5, 1918. Z
SUM (I mr- Dairy. M.U;
tat It; tutud
HEAVY IN FIGHT
ON MARNE FRONT
Many Iowa Names in First
Casualty List of Battle to
Wipe Out the Soissons
That Iowa troops have been in the
thick of the recent fighting between
the Marne and the Ancre and the
elimination of the Soissons-Rheims
salient is attested by the large num
ber of names of Iowa boys in the
Sunday casualty list. Recent reports
have agreed in saying that the Rain
bow division, as part of which the
first Iowa units crossed to France,
has been bearing the brunt of the
American share of the offensive.
Five Iowa soldiers are among
those reported killed in Sunday's list,
Ralph W. Davis of Council Bluffs is
among the number. No information
is given as to where or when he was
The list of those severely wounded
contains the names of eight Iowa sol
diers. Fifteen Iowa soldiers are
among those reported as wounded,
but degree undetermined. John E.
Thomas of Council Bluffs is on the
The list of Iowa casualties follows:
Ralph W. Davis, Council Bluffs;
Corp. David W. Davis, Hedrick;
Fred.Wurst, Dubuque; Harry Dailey,
Burlington and Rollyn E. Leonard,
Lee R. Simon, Barney; Philip R.
Young, Montpelier; Otto H. Jackson,
Britt; Carl O, Johnson, Pomeroy.
Joseph Miller, Clarion
John A. Welcher, Van Wert
Wounded, Degree Undetermined.
Sergt J. Virgil Buckmaster, Stuart
Sergt. Herman W. Thomsen, East
Corp. Charles R. Burdick, Farragut
Corp. Walter B. Flynn, Shenandoah
Privates Ralph Burroughs, Virfton
Frank Flaherty, Atiamosa
Frank P. Hancock, Dubuque
Will B. Harper, Blanchard
Lyle T..Head, Greenfield.
Edward Holverson, Decorah.
James Casper, Council Bluffs.
Dan W. Sourlock, Sioux City.
William J. Seals, Creston.
John E. Thomas, Council Bluffs.
Casslus C. Worm, Anita.
Missing: Lt Alfred R. Strong,
Sioux City. , .
Nts. pottiM utra.
MAIN GERMAN BASE
CARRIED BY ST0 RM
BY AMERICAN BOYS
. . ' . t
"Full FruiU of Victory Reaped When Enemy Was Driven
in Confusion Beyond Line of V esle," General Persh
ing Reports; 8,400 Prisoners and 133, Guns
Captured by United States Forcesv f
Washington, Aug. 4.- "Our troops have taken Fismes by.,
assault and hold the south bank of the Vesle in-this section,"
says General Pershing's communique covering today's fighting,
as received tonight by the War department.
Allied troops in the Aisne
fruits of victory" Saturday,
second great defeat on the Marne, was driven in confusion be
yond the line of the Vesle," General Pershing reported in his
communique for yesterday, received today by the War depart
ment. American troops alone captured 8,400 prisoners and 133
"The enemy1, m spite of suffering the severest losses," says
General Pershing, "has proved incapable of stemming the on
slaught of our troops' fighting for liberty side by side with.
French, British and Italian veterans. In the course of the opera
tions, 8,400 prisoners and 133
MERCURY AT 110
RECORD FOR CITY
Overtops Previous High Mark,
Reached in 1911, by Three
Degrees; All Omaha Suf- '
fers From Heat.
OMAHA HKA'T BKCORDS.
Annunt 4, 1918...
July 8. 1D11.....
July 14, 101...
Aujruxt 8, lfllS... I
July 19, 1014
July 14, 11)15
AUKDDt 4. 1916
July 2S, 1017 101
Juna IS, 1018..., ....108
The Chinook zephyr which blew
over Omaha and environs yesterday
reached a temperature of 110 degrees
at 5 p. m. and established a new heat
record for Omaha.
The last record was 107 degrees on
July 5, 1911, and on June 16 of this
year the maximum was 105, breaking
the record for June for the 43 years
the weather man has been keeping
the record in Omaha.
Yesterday afternoon the wind car
ried a hot blast from the southwest
It was a wind which caused many to
express solicitude for the corn crop.
In sections which were not recently
favored with rain the corn was dam
aged, but no estimate yet can be
given of the extent of the damage.
1 Cooler in Evening.
The wind during the afternoon
veered around to the northwest,
causing the temperature to drop 10
degrees in two hours, from Sy to 7
Yesterday's extreme heat in this vi
cinity was the culmination of heat
which extended over a wide area on
Saturday when the temperature at
Holdrege reached 107, at North Platte
102 and at Kansas City 108.
Most Omahans remained at home
yesterday and asked each other, "Is
it hot enough for you?"
The automobile races were well at
tended and i the speeders fairly
"burned up the track."
A horse shoe pitching tournament
was liberally patronized and the mu
nicipal and private bathing resorts
were taxed to capacity during the
evening hours. ,
Prostrated by Heat.
James McVey, flagman at the Mis
souri Pacific railroad crossing at
Twenty-seventh and Birch streets,
was prostrated' by the heat at noon
Sunday, . falling suddenly to the
ground. He was observed by De
tective Haze of the city police depart
ment, who rushed to his aid and as
sisted him into the office of the Wood
man Linseed Oil company. McVey
was attended byDr. Dodge, who took
him to his home.
Steamer Sunk ia Collision.
London, Aug. - 4. The' British
steamer North Cambria has been sunk
in collision with an unknown steamer,
according to a dispatch to Lloyds.
Seven of the crew have been landed;
the remainder are missing. .
Edward A. Rumely
Life Story of Man Who Bought
New York Mail for the Kaiser
, on Page Three of This Tssue.
Nebraska Mcnday partly
cloudy; possibly showers.
... 1. 1
m. . .
- Marne salient reaped Vtne lull
"when the enemy, who met his
guns have been captured by our
With the American Army on the
Aisne-Marne Front, Aug." 4.The
town of Fismes. the German's prin
cipal ammunition and supply depot in
the Aisne-Marne salient, was lateen
late today by the American troops.
supported by the French.
- The French are across the yesle at
BevertiTrtr "ftf "the eastward and
the line has been extended northwest
of Rheims to La Neuvillette. The
Germans are resisting sharply from
Muizon to Champigny. ;
Fismes was taken after a heavy ar
tillery fight that began in the middle
of the afternoon.. A few Americans
entered the town Saturday afternoon
and remained there all night. ' They
were driven out early today. itie
Germans threw gas shells and shrap
nel into the southern part of the town,
making it inadvisable for the little
party to remain longer.
Advance Under Barrage.
Their reconnaissance has been com
pleted and they were ordered to fall
back. The Germans had been drop
nnir ehtla ahnut thi town intermit
tently since daylight When the.
Americans decided to advance it was
after careful preparation and under a
Sweeping barrage, of shrapnel and
gas, the infantry advanced. , There
was opposition from many gun.s, but
the Americans quickly silenced them.
, " Great Chase Near End.
' From Rheims to Sofesons, and far
back toward the Marne, the Ameri
cans, French and British were being
concentrated today for the battle of
the Vesle. All the indications were
that the great chase of the Germans,
which began July 18, is nearing an
end. ' , : ;,.
Beyond the Vesle the enemy has
planted his artillery and at different
points has challenged the allies to
Eursue him. Along the southern
ank General Foch's armies . have .
to those outdistanced to catch up. 1
German' guns were active early in
the day in front of Fismes' and in
other locations, and the character of '
(Continued PS Twa, Column Flva.) -
Five Big New York -Hotels
Violating ( Regulations
New York, Aug. 4. Five of the
leading hotels of New York City and
two leading restaurants have been
regulations by having in their, pos
session an over supply of sugar, the
federal food board has announced. . ,
The establishments, with the pen
alties imposed, are: ,
Hotel Imperial: Public eating;
place to be closed two days. Food
may be sirvedto tenants and em
ployes. A sign is to.be posted ad
mitting violation of the rules.
St. Regis and Hotel Plaza: ' Bak
ing, pastry and ice cream licenses
have been suspended for 30 days.
i Greeley bquare Hotel company, .
operating the . Hotel McAlpin, Hotel
Claridge, Hotel Waldorf-Astoria, the,,
Savar inland Fifth avenue restaurants:
Candy manufacturing licenses have
been suspended and the management
must contribute $10,000 to be equally
divided between the Red Cross and
the Y. M. C. A. war funds.
6,000 Registrants Called
j For Military Training .
Washington, Aug. 4. Twenty-nine
states and the District of Columbia .
were called upon today by Provost 1
Marshal General Crowder to supply
6,000 white registrants qualified fi'r
limited military training. They will :
i. , ...
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