Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 24, 1918, Image 1

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"The dtars and Stripes
n .A u rn T n n i i i i nnn r-ri ii irr i i n
General Foch Enabled to Strike Blow That Has
Changed .Whole Trend of War Through Con
stantly Increasing Stream of Americans; New
Draft Scheme Nearly Completed.
Washington, July 23. With probably not much more than
250,00(r American troops engaged in the present battle, but with
virtually 1,000,000 others either in France or hastening across
the ocean to join in the fight, General Foch has been able to
turn the tables on the enemy and strike a blow that has changed
the whole trend of the war.
Officials .here, while fully recognizing the fact that the
. Americans are today only a comparatively "small part of the
vast forces, realize that the American army going forward in
a constantly increasing stream is the governing factor in restor
ing the initiative to the allies. Plans are taking shape to accel
erate the American military program.
It is practically certain GeneralQ-
Foch will have at least 2,000,000
American troops before, the present
righting season closes. Secretary
Baker announced .that the War de
partment's new program embraces en
larged army appropriations, modifica
tions of the draft ages and plans for
a larger mobilization would soon be
ready for congress. '
He would give no details, but the
plans probably aim at getting under
. arms without delay a total force not
far short of the 5,000,000 figure dis
cussed in congress.
' Need for Haste Increased.
The fighting in the Aisne .salient
has opened new possibilities. There
is increased need for haste, in the
opinion' of officials, in getting full
' American nan power -ready to supple
ment the efforts that appear now to
be taking shape toward . hurling the
enemy back along, the front .and be
ginning the advance that will ,end
only when victory has been achieved.
Reports indicated fully one-half of
sll ground' won by the Germans in
the Aisne salient already has been re
covered. .
Mr. Baker said the reports from
General Pershing were satisfactory.
It was clear officials are engrossed
in preparations for. offensive battles
on an even larger scale.
The German offensive arch in
France has rested on two great pil
lars, one in the Picardy front and
he other on the Marne. It has been
repeatedly stated that the pressing
home of this mighty pincer movement,
threatening both Paris and the chan
nel ports as it progressed, lias been
the German object from the first day
fhe battle of 1918 was opened last
March. ' .... "
, The -southern pillar of that arch
has now been gravely weakened. By
desperate efforts the Germans are
- seeking to prevent it from collapsing.
Even if the allied advance is checked
now, there appears little likeb'hood the
enemy could recreate his tactical posi
tion on a basis that would permit him
to continue his old plan of campaign
before the coming of winter.
Allies Have Advantage.
The allied reserves on the. Aisne
Marne line now have the advantage
of interior lines. They occupy a sali
ent buttressed on forests and other
strong positions which the enemy was
unable to break through when in the
full strength of his great drive. It
appeared possible to some officers
; that the next few days might see an
allied assault on both sides of the
Picardy front, delivered with the pur
pose of forcing German reserves to
rush back around the point of the
Compiegne salient ' fromthe Aisne
theater. If resistance to the allied
advance from the Marne becomes too
(Continued on Page Two, Column FIto.)
Republicans to Consider -Election
of a Chairman
Washington, July 23. The repub
. lican congressional campaign com
mitee at a meeting to be held here
,oext week will consider the election
of a chairman, it was announced to
day. At the same time word was re
ceived that Representative Frank P.
Woods of Iowa, chairman of . the
committee who was defeated for re
nomination' recently in a primary,
has issued a denial of reports that
he intends to resign his chairman
ship. Representative Woods, it was
learned, plans to leave soon for
France. During his absence Repre
sentative Julius Kahn of California,
vice chairman, will act as head of
the committee.
"Many Slackers Rounded
Up in City on the Coast
San Francisco, July 23. The police
at midnight last night had rounded
up 289 alleged offenders against
work or fight" regulations, some of
them more than 40 years old, and
some Germans and Austrians. All
yert held on vagrancy charges,
movie; fans
fj .
1 n ,
OVER 10 0,000 U.S.
Ships Carrying 35,000 'Men
Escorted Safely Through
Narrow Passage Where
, JJ-Boats Operating,
. . , By The Associated Press.
Somewhere in England, July 23.
A few days ago the naval authorities
received a pleasant tribute from the
local authorities' of & small city lo
cated near the battleship base. ,
"You may be interested," says the
letter, "to knovhow much we think
of your men. They are fine gentle
manly fellows and always welcome
here. On the fourth of July Ameri
can sailors had shore leave to visit
this . city, which has only 4,000 in
habitants. It might perhaps have
been antici'pated that the visit of
such a great number of holiday-making
sailors to such a small town
would have resulted in conside'rable
trouble to the local authorities, but
there was not a singe complaint
from any quarter and every citizen
of our town was glad they came."
, On the business side of the naval
operations it may be said that the
month of July will show all records
broken in the number of American
soldiers escorted to Europe and the
arrivals have done well despite the
efforts of the submarines in many
European waters. In a single day
recently there were more than 100,
000 American soldiers on the sea at
one time all of whom arrived safely.
On a recent occasion ships carrying
33,000 Americans were escorted at
one time through a narrow passage
where U-boats were known to be op
erating, but the destroyers and chas
ers were so active that not a single
attack occurred. Nor was an attack
even attempted.
Clad in Overalls Cheyenne Mother
Flees With Child From Her Husband
A mother's love for her 3-year-old
boy impelled Mrs. Myrtle Neal,
Cheyenne, Wyo., to ride 40 miles on
the bumpers ..between two box cars
on a through freight train with her
child in her arms. She arrived in
Omaha last night. I
Mrs Neal was brought to the po
lice station from the Oxford hotel,
by detectives, for investigation. She
was clad in overalls and jumper, with
a man's , cap pulled down over her
closely cut hair.,.
. According to the young woman, she
ca-ight a fast fruit express as it was
pulling out of the-yards at Cheyenne
Monday morning, and rode between
two cars as far as Pine Bluffs, a dis
tance of 40 miles. She told police
that sbe stuck one of the little fellow's
legs inside the waist of her overalls
to keep him from falling.
A railroad pass brought the strange
pair by passenger train here from
Pine Bluffs.
Fear that her husband. Ledger Neal,
would take her boy from her was
the reason given by Mrs. Neal for her
secret trip to Nebraska. Since their
marriage, 8 years ago, Mrs. Neal
says her husband has continually
been moving from place to place,
liring oi sucu a life, she obtained '
re ad vthe bee because it keeps, them posted on the
i-i it i m , g mm r-
Gloucester Schooner's Crew
Reaches Cape Porpoise in
Small Boats, After Ship
Is Destroyed.
Kennebunk Port, Me., July 23.
German submarines have struck again
off the New England coast. This time
the submarine sank with a bomb the
crack knockabout Gloucester fishing
schooner, Robert and Richard, near
Cashe Bank, 65 miles east by south
east of Cape Porpoise on the south
eastern coast of Maine at 10:30 o'clock
Monday morning. This was approxi
mately 100 miles north of the spot
where a U-boat sank four coal barges
off Orleans, Cape Cod, Sunday morn
.ing and the time was almost 24 hours
later to the minute than the opening
of the Cape Cod encounter. The crew
of 22 escaped in dories.
The first dory containing three men
landed here tonight. The men report
ed the others not far behind and mo
tor boats were sent in search.
The first dory men to land said
the submarine emerged on their port
bow at 10 o'clock Monday morning
and fired a warning shot across their
bow. The man at the wheel promptly
threw the schooner up into the wind.
Men from the submarine took the
ship's papers and placed a bomb
which sent the schooner to the bot
tom. Portland, Me., July 23. The coal
steamer Snug Harbor arrived tonight
with 11 men of the schooner Robert
and Richard, including Captain Robert
Wharton, of the schooner. Wharton
said the second officer of the sub
marine who boarded the schooner;
told him he had lived in America for
a. number of years and had had a
slimmer home in Maine since 1896. , '
Dealers Practicing
Extortion on Men of
Army to Be Exposed
Washington, July 23. Few in
stances of higher prices having been
charged officers than civilians were
discovered in a nationwide inquiry,
the result of which was announced
tonight by Secretary Baker. In cases
where the charges of discrimination
were found to be borne out, the in
quiry developed that higher prices
for the most part had been quoted
officers on articles of necessity.
"At many places no discrimination
was found," Secretary Baker said.
"At many points there is more or less
a tendency to give discounts to sol
diers. Instances of discrimination
were found, though as a rule not
among the best class of dealers."
Front of Melchoir's Store
Daubed With Yellow Paint
The front of Hugo Melchoir's bar
ber supplies store, 1112 Farnam street,
was daubed with yellow paint about
1:30 o'clock this morning by unidenti
fied persons. Melchoir is the man
accused of having made a personal
profit from discarded Red Cross pack
ing cases which he was allowed to
employment at the Union Pacific
shops in the store .dapartment at
Cheyenne two months -ago.
Trouble between herself and her
husband began about three months
ago. ' Just before Jiis last trip from
home he said when he came back he
would take the child and she could
do what she pleased, Mrs. Neal told
the police. Fearing that he wo-ild
carry out his threat, she took the baby
boy and left.
A telegram, received by the Oniaba
chief of police Tuesday .afternoon
from the woman's husband, osUfd that
she bfe arrested and held on a charge
of desertion.
Mrs. Neal and Lawrence, the baby
boy, stayed in the matron's depart
ment at the police station Tuesday
night. The young woman,- 25 vears
old, is rather slight, dark complex
loned, and almost boyish looking in
her overalls and jumper. She is proud
of the muscles on her arms, developed
by heavy trucking.
Baby Lawrence is a. fat, round
cheeked, jolly kiddie and eeenu "to
have inherited a goodly amount of his
mothers pluck.
Mrs. Neal expects to get work
wiping engines in te railroad shops
in Omaha. Her
mother Lvcs at
Scottsville, Art?
ku r ia i
Provisional Head
Of Siberia Yields to
. Allies' Intervention
A Reuter dispatch from Tokio says
a special session of the privy coun
cil, presided over by the emperor,
met .to consider the Siberian question
and passed the government's measure
for intervention by the allies.
An undated dispatch from Vladi
vostok received here today says the
provisional government submitted to
the allies July 15 a request for Joint
military action.
'There is every hope," the . dis
patch which was sent by Reuter's
correspondent adds, ''that tbe situa
tion created by the movement of Gen.
cral Horvath, the t anti-bolshevik
leader, will r be . liquidated and the
danger of civil war averted. The at
titude of the allies will dominate the
situation in eastern Siberia. The
status of the provisional government
will be liable to modification unless
communications are quickly opened."
General Horwarth is vice president
and general manager of the Chinese
Eastern railway. He declared himself
premier of a temporary Siberian govr
ernment July 10, to 'fight the central
Definite Victory Now
Fully Guaranteed, Says
President of France
Paris, July 23. (Havas Agenfiy.)
Victor Emmanuel, king of Italy, has
sent his heartiest felicitations to
President Poincare over the victory
along the Marne, which has regained
French territory. In answering the
king's message, President Poincare
points out that it is a double victory
in that it has checked the enemy and
given the allies a chance to return to
the offensive. In closing, he said:
"This counter-offensive is for all
the allies a new guarantee of definite
Street Railway Wage Cases
To Be Decided Separately
Washington, July . 23. No general
order fixing minimum wages and
hours, tor street car employes
made by the war labor board. Each
case will be decided separately.
Iowa Aviator Killed.
Cedar Rapids, la., July 23. Lt.
Richard Ristine, an aviation instruc
tor at Gerstner field, Lake Charles,
La., was killed in an accident at the
field today, according to word re
ceived by, his parents here this eve
ning. Women Excel in Metal
Trades Board Reports;
Much Faster Than Men
Boston, July 23. Favorable re
sults from . the wartime employ
ment of women in the metal
trades were claimed in a report
issued tonight by the national in
dustrial conference board.
In summarizing informatiqn ob
tained from 131 established trades
the report said that employers
generally commended women as
more thorough and conscientious,
producing less spoiled work, and
being mare careful with tools;
Even where the quantity of work
produced was less than that of
men, the quality frequently was
Ammunition plant manufactur
ers, say women operatives on drill
presses and milling machines were,
found to be from -25 to 50 per cent
faster than men., .
General acceptance by employ
ers of the principle of equal pay
for equal work was indicated.
I IL si J
r 'ffcv ii I xjN I1
Jkm 11 m
24, 1918 "S-Mir!o wittSuT TWO CENTS.
As Allied Troops Continue
Drive on Soissons Rheims
Salient, Another Blow Is
Struck to North.
The allied troops on ,the
Soissons-Rheims salient con
tinue to gain, both on the west
ern side of the battle front and
on the south along the Marne
and toward Rheims, notwith
standing the increasing resist
ance of the Germans and bad
While the latest gains recorded are
not as great, on the whole, as those
of previous days, they nevertheless
have added positions of strategic val
ue fi the allied line for the further
prbstcution of the efforts to clear the
territory of the enemy. More pris
oners, guns and war stores have fallen
into the hands of the American,
French and British troops.
The French to the northwest, mid
way between Soissons and Amiens,
have delivered a blowagainst the
German line which has been pro
ductive of excellent results. Striking
on a front of about four miles they
penetrated two miles and gained the
heights dominating the valley of the
Avre., Fifteen hundred Germans were
captured by the French. The official
communication issued' by the French
war office refers to this fighting as a
local operation.
Advance Along Ourcq. ,
Soutfi of" Soissons. tire drive of the
Franco-American forces toward Fere-En-Tardenoij
.has pushed . further
back the Germans on both sides of
the Ourcq river. South of the rivet,
notwithstanding fierce resistance, the
allied forces reached the railroad line
between Armentieres and Coincy, run
ning southward to Chateau Thierry,
and pressed beyond it. This brings
the French and American troops rela
tively to within seven miles of Fere-En-Tardenois
and also gives them a
dominating position for big gun play
over the eastern section of the rail
way line running from Armentieres
to Fere-En-Tardenois.
On the northern bank of the Mare
to the east of Chateau Thierry, the
townipf Jautgonne, from which the
AmffHfans retreated during the Ger
man offensive, has been recaptured
(Coutlnard on fge Two, Column Three.)
Nebraska Leading in
Per Capita Sales of
War Savings Stamps
Washington, July 23. Sales of
war savings and thrift stamps have
increased rapidly during July with
the result that the total value of these
securities placed to date has reached
$447,820,970, the Treasurydepartmcnt
today announced. 1
Nebraska, according to the detailed
figures, is leading in per capita sales
with an average of $16.64. The Dis
trict of Columbia on that date was
second with per capita sales of $7.52.
Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Indiana
ranked next in the order named.
Gernan Newspapers Admit
Failure of Hindenbttrg Plan
By Associated Press,
Washington. July 23. An official
dispatch today from Switzerland says
the German newspapers not only ad
mit that the German offensive has
failed, but express fear that General
Foch has built up an army of reserves
that will enable him . to wrest the
offensive from the German high com
mand. The ' Frankfurter Zeitung asserts
that the entire strategical plan of
Hindenburg is 'compromised by the
attack on the Aisne-Marne front.
"Something .new appears in the
strategical situation," says this paper.
"General Foch has been able to form
an important army of reserves. Focn's
attacks aim to deal a blow in the
back of Boehm's amy, and should it
be successful it might compel this
army to retreat under most unfavor
able conditions.
"Foch's attack threatens the whole
of Hindenburg's plans."
Ihe btrassburger Post says the
public had, in general attached, tool
Urcai iiupcs iu iuc4jcrman onensive
at Rheims, and asks: "From where do
these troops come that the transports
have really brought more quickly than
they were expected?"
lhe Mimchener Neuste Nachncht-
en says that r ranee still very
screen shows
Artillery Plays Important Part As Enemy Continues
to Fall Back by Destroying Defenses and Ham
pering. Movement of Supplies; Four Tanks Cap
tured; Allied Airmen Drive Down 37 Planes. -
London, July 24. According to careful estimates war -J,
ranting acceptance, says Neuter's correspondent on the
French front, the Germans have employed between 60 and
70 divisions since July 15 and have lost 180,000 men
killed, wounded and prisoners.
A Havas agency dispatch from Paris says that German
losses since March 21 are approximately 1,000,000 men.
By Associated Press. , .
With the American Army on the Aisne-Marne Front, July
23. Information reaching the intelligence bureau of the Amer
ican army tonight indicates that the Germans were still continu-,
ing their retreat.
Far behind their lines they
fire by both French and American guns which doubtless is ham
pering the movement of their
At least at one point the fighting was more nearly in open
order than has been usual., With a minimum artillery fire by
both sides the Americans advanced their skirmish line over yel
low wheat fields, dotted with poppies and through clumps ol
wood. It was Indian fighting modernized by machine gun
E. A. Weathers Meet: Instant
Death and W. H. Wigton
Severe Injuries In Motor
Car t Accident.
E. A. Weathers. 4408 Capitol ave
nue, agent for the Omaha Life Insur
ance company, was instantly killed,
and W. H. Wigton, 4225 Grand avt-
nue, secretary of the same com
pany, was seriously injured when
Wiffton's automobile unset 11 miles
west of Omaha on the Dodge street
road last night.
Wifeton was taken to the Swedish
Mission hospital.
, The two men had started on trip
to Lincoln in Wigton's automobile. At
the place of the accident, whicn was
between the two Giant farms, the
road had been newly graded and it s
thought that a sudden twist of fie
steering wheel to escape a rdugh oart
of the surface overturned the car.
Wigeon is said to have been the
driver of the machine, which was m'y
slightly damaged.
Weathers was 48 years old, and is
survived by his wife and 1 1-year -oUl
son, Everett, jr. He was formerly
employed by the Burgess-Nash err
An examination at the hospital
showed that Wigton has sustained
a badly strained back, with possible
other serious injuries. No bones are
broken and he will probably recover,
Wigton is a brother of Dr. Harrison
F. Wigton, 1817 Vinton street.
strong; that America has more than
half a million soldiers in France, and
that the English army has been re
constructed and put into a perfect
state. It adds-that it will take weeks
perhaps to wrest the initiative from
General Foch.
The Cologne Gazette war corre
spondent says never before haye the
variegated enemy nationalities pre
sented a more solid and . compact
"The present class of. hostile
forces," he adds, "is the most gigantic
and terrible conflict of mental and
physical energy ever seen. There is
no room for platitudes. Now begins
the final phase of the war."
He asked the people at home "to
follow the development of this stu
pendous struggle with the gravest at
tention, for the enemy is now chal
lenging us to put forth our very ut
most efforts."
Other writers exhort the German
people to remember Von Hinden-
burg's appeal for patience and his
declaration that the battle plans must
be allowed time to mature. A fa
vorite assertion is that the enemy
forces have been sensibly weakened
and that Von Hindenburg and
Ludendorif wul not allow the initia
tive to be wrfcted from their hands.
For Nebraska Showers
Wednesday; cooler, in west.
Thermometer Keadnc:
5 m. m.
a. m.
t p. ... .:.8S
S p. m...........S4
3 p. m 81
4 p. m , .ST
5 p. m ..M
S p. m ...... .M
7 p. m.. ....... ,.83
8 p. m .81
1 m. m....
8 a. m....
a. m....
1 a. m....
Jl a. u....
11 m
are being subjected to heavy
enormous supplies. k
O The Germans left on, the field aV
great number of machine gunners in
nests. Many of these guns were
captured, and the entire personnel of
a rrlachine gun " company tonight is
swelling the already big list of prison
ers taken by the Americans.
, Capture Four Tanks.
The American and French troopj
fighting south of Soissons have cap
tured four German tanks, which were
operating against them in conjunction
with the German infantry. The allied -artillery
immediately spotted the
tanks as they came into action and
quickly put four of them out of com
mission. Four others retreated. ,
Northwest of Chateau Thierry tht
artillery played an important part.
Here the Americans encountered the
stiffest resistance, a village in this sec
tor being reduced by the American
guns, as its occupation by the Ger
mans was imminent. The enemy was
thus forced into the open, where
heavy punishment was inflicted.
Ram Falls Over Battle Fields.
A drizzling rain fell over the battlt -fields
and made aerial operations al
mast impossible in the morning, but ,';
it cleared somewhat in the afternoon
and the flying men went up. Their
work, however, was limited.
Late in the day the German planes
endeavored to make observations over
the Marne, where the enemy was
aware that all the usual operations
of moving armies and supplies were
in progress. The anti-aircraft guns
rendered their missions highly doubt
ful. Prisoners captured by the Ameri
cans say they were forced into action
by their officers, who moved behind
the lines with pistols, threatening to ,
shoot the first who faltered.
37 Planes Downed.
Faris, July 23. Thirty-seven Ger
man airplanes were brought down or
put out of action by French and Brit
ish airmen yesterday. Four captive
balloons were burned and many ton
of bombs were dropped on German
concentration points. This announce
ment is made in the official communi
cation issued by .the war "office to-
night . ' , , ;
London, July 23. The " official .
statement of aerial operations issued
by the air ministry tonight says: -
"In a raid carried out on the after,
noon of the 22d instant the main eta-
tion of, Offenburg (Baden) .was-hit
and bursts were seen on the sidings.
One hostile machine -was destroyed.
All our machines returned. -
"On the night of July 22-23 re
peated attacks, attended with good -results,
were carried out against the
enemy's airdromes. Fires and explo
sions were observed. Other targets ;
were engaged with bombs and ma- -chine
gun fire."
Attacks Repulsed, Berlin Report..
Berlin (via London), July 23. The
official report tonight says:
"There have been local engage
ments on the western bank of ? the
Avre. f Between Soissons and Rheims
the crown prince's army frustrated a
strong attack by joint enemy forces."
British attacks at many, points are
reported in the German official state
ment issued today. These, it is de
clared, were repulsed.
A general slackening m the figlit
ing on the Aisne-Marne front is also
reported. The Germans say they shot
down 52 enemy airplanes yesterday. ,
Edward A.- Rumely
Life Story of Man Who Bought
New York Mail for the Kaiser
on Page Six of This Issued
..s ,if, jtu,