Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 05, 1918, Image 1

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German Pcition$ Penetrated Mileand Half on Four
Mile Front and Village of Hamel Captured in
Surprise Attack Planned in Cele
bration of The
By Associated Press.
London, July 4. Detachments of American infantry as
sisted the Australians in capturing Hamel today. This an
nouncement was made' officially tonight. :
Field Marshal Haig's report of this battle and other events
along the British' front says :
"The operation this morning south of the Somme was com
pletely successful. It was carried out by Australian troops,
assisted by some detachments of American infantry and sup
ported by tanks. Our objectives were taken and held and we
gained possession of the woods of Vaire and Hamel, as well as
the village, of Hamel.
. "In conjunction with this operation an attack by Austra
lian troops east of Ville-Sur-Ancre was completely successful
and our line was advanced 500 yards-on a front of 1,200 yards.
"The prisoners captured 'by us. Jin "
these operations exceed 1,000. Many
machine guns, as well as other ma
terial, also have been taken.'.' '
, Success Crowns Attack.
With the British Army in France,
July 4. Complete success crowned
the splendid surprise attack made by
the Australians at dawiModay against
the .Germans between .yillers-Breton-neux
and the Somme an .attack which
had Jbeen specially set to coincide
with Independence Day.
The enemy was taken entirely un
bares and the big-framed fighters
from Australia stormed their way
with little opp-.sition-a rentable hu.
man ..tornado which left a wake of
death behind' it." . p : 1 ,
Hamel village was rushed and. tak
en4 in short order. Vaire and Hame)
"wOods,j with their nests of crackling
machine, guns, were passed through
as if the Australians were doing a
practice charge for, their commander,
and a line of enemy trenches east of
'.hese strongholds was cleaned out
md annexed.
.'"'y 1,500 Prisoners Captured.
About . 1,500 prisoners were in the
British cages by afternoon, while out
on , the, battle field great numbers of
the German emperor's men lay silent
;mdcr the brilliant sunshine which
:ould bring them no cheer.
It took the assaulting forces about
m hour and a half to1 wrest from
:he enemy territory four miles wide
jnd averaging a mile and a half deep.
By; this operation they eliminated
i salient in the British linej and
gained valuable high ground. ' The
casualties were exceedingly light.
Two minutes before that hour the
British artillery., all along the sector
iropped a tremendous barrage from
?uns of all, calibers.
This was the first warning. Even
the great, uncouth tanks had been
gotten into position without the ene
ny being aware of their presence.
The first streaks of dawn were be
?inning to light the rolling valley of
:he Somme as the adventurous Aus
tralians went forward to lay the cor
ner stone for this Fourth of July me
norial. A dense smoke barrage was
(Continued on ! Two, Column one.)
tf&'ilr r
Lieut. Roselli of Italy
To Speak at Chamber '
Of Commerce at Noon
Lt. , Bruno Roselli of the 83d in
fantry, .Venice brigade, who is in
America at the request of the Italian
government to explain to his coun
:rymen the vital- issues of the war,
md who incidenta'ly is aiding this
jovernment in matters pertaining to
the prosecution of the war, will speak
it noon Friday at the Omaha Cham
ber of Commerce. -
' Lieutenant Roselli made a "Fourth
of July speech", at Fort Dodge Thurs
day, and is recently from San Fran
cisco. He has spoken at many of the
:antonm!nts in the United States and
intends to visit Florence field and
Fort Omaha during his stay here Fri
day. He will be fhe guest of the
Chamber of Commerce while in the
:ity. - ' ' ' :
American Troops x :
In Italy Are Speedily
Mobilized Into Camp
. ;v .i ' ......
Rome, July 4. The first contingent
of American troops to arrive in Ita'y
lias within 48 hours established itself
in camp. The men are sleeping under
-heir own tents and feeding from their
wn kitchens. V
The rapidity of the mobilization to
their new quarters has created a most
favorable impression. .The Americans
.are in fine spirits and excellent health.
The Red .Cross will within a week
establish a complete hospital near the
camp, ' . .
Fourth of July.
Three U - Boats ; Destroyed in
European Waters by Trans-"
ports and Two by De
; stroyers of Convoy.
' By Associated Press.
An Atlantic Port, July 4. De
struction in European waters of five
German 'submarines by British trans
ports and by-American and British
destroyers, convoying them, was de
scribed by passengers ''who arrived
here today on an English liner. . The
transports, one of which was carry
ing ,uw American soldiers to
Europe, accounted for three of the U
boats and the destroyers sank the
other two according to the voyagers.
Officers of the liner confirmed their
stories. .
The passengers witnessed the tor
pedoing of the 5,436-ton British
freighter Orissa, which was part of
their convoy, when the fleet was
approximately a day out, steaming
west from the British isles. The
Orissa, bound- in ballast for the
United States- was sent to the bottom
by an unseen submarine. A moment
later, however, an American de
stroyer in the protecting fleet de
tected the undersea boat below the
surface' and dropped a depth bomb,
making a direct hit. The same eve
ning a U-boat was sighted by the
passenger vessel, whose gunners-sank
it by shell fire.
The other three submarine? were
destroyed on the eastward ip of
another convoy. They said a British
transport, with 7,000 American troops
aboard rammed a submarine which
was revealed with two others in the
sudden lifting of a heavy fog. Al
most simultaneously with the dis
appearance of the first submarine
beneath the transport's bow, the
ship's gunners accounted for another
while a British destroyer disposed of
the third. - - i
Sweden Protests to Germany
Against Mines in the Cattegat
Stockholm, July4. The Swedish
government has protested to Berlin
concerning the discovery in the Cat
tega( of two anchored German mines
dangerous to navigation. Sweden was
not notified of the presence of the
mines. .. - .
Small Boy Favors Severance of Relations
With Chinese for Hooverizing on Powder .
Today the American boy is willing
to subscribe to the sentiments of Bret
Hartc, who after long and mature
study, said: "For ways that are dark
and tricks that are vain, the heathen
Chinee is peculiar." I
It may have been Chinese thrift
or Chinese guile, whioh helped to
make this a more than ordinarily quiet
and sane Fourth of July. . .
The average American youth, who
is more or less sophisticated, will tell
you that it was neither thrift nor
guile, but plain, outright knavery,
which made the Chinese firecracker
manufacturers "Hoovcrize" on pow
der this year and adulterated it with
red clay and brick dust.
Kids who purchased Chinese fire
. Paris, July 4. There was a historic scene
at the luncheon of the American Chamber of
Commerce today when" the Earl of Derby, the
British ambassador, and William G. Sharp,
American ambassador, clasped hands in cele
bration of America's Independence Day. It
was the first time since the United States be
came a nation that a British ambassador had
attended a commemoration of the event.
"Everx if we had not been allies," said
Lord Derby in commenting on his appearr
ance, "I should have come."
Judge Walter Berry, who presided at the
luncheon, reiterated America's determination
to carry on the war to a successful termina
tion, claiming neither annexation nor indem
nity. ' . -
His reference to the launching of 500,000
tons, of shipping in America today was re
ceived with uproarious cheering. "We cele
brate but we don't loaf." . ;
When he mentioned the name of Marshal
Joff re, the enthusiasm was such that the mar
shal had to arise and bow, repeatedly.
After Judge Berry had read a letter from
General Pershing expressing regret that his
urgent military duties did not permit him to
be present, Gen. Tasker H. Bliss brought a
message from the American army.
; Ambassador Sharp thanked France brief
Jf I
Ottoman RuteiV Succeeded to
Constantinople. Throne When
Brother Was Dethroned
in 1909. .
By Associated Press.
- Amsterdam; July' 4. Mohammed
.V, suftan of Turkey", died at 1 o'clock
last night, says a Constantinople dis
patch received here, today by way of
Vienna. , .
Mohammed V was born November
3, 1844. the son of. Sultan Abdul
Medjid. and succeed -; to the throne
April 27, 1909, on the deposition of
his elder brother, Abdul-Hamid II.
The star of Mohammed V became
ascendant at the downfall of the
Kiamil ministry. He was elevated to
the throne by the young Turks.
The issues that caused the revolu
tion were recited in a ukase which
was read by the revolutionary na
tional assembly, which met behind
closed doors in the Yildiz palace,
where Abdul-Hamid was a prisoner of
the revolution. The ukase recited the
crimes and calamities of the reign of
Abdul-Hamid, including the mas
sacres, corruption, and the destruc
tion of the sacred books. The ques
tion was then submitted to the as
sembly whether he should be deposed
or shoutd voluntarily abdicate. ,
Begs for His Life.
Abdul-Hamid begged that the .life
of himself and his children be spared,
and that he might be sent to the
Cheragen palace. He was placed,
however, on a special train with his
harem and -taken to' Saloniki; where
he was confined under guard at Villa
Meanwhile the deputies waited -on
his brother. Reshad Effendi, and in
formed him that he; had . succeeded,
tnd he Mounted the - throne, and
while guns were teing fired to salute
him, Abdul Hamid was being inform
ed of his deposition- .
Mohammed ..Varamediately ew
trusted the reorganization pf the new
Turkish army to officers named, by
Germany and .subjected hiniselT to the
influence of . German" : advisors. " He
made concessions to the German em
pire to further the Berlin-to-Teheran
railroad and Kaiser Wilhelm shortly
afterward paid him a visit. 1
crackers to help make a noisy Fourth
of July say. the Chinese makers first
faked the count and gave about 60
per cent of 100 crackers to the pack.
Then about. 50 per cent of the 60
crackers were camouflaged, stuffed
with brickdust instead of powder.
About 50 per cent of the 30 powder
filled crackers had the, asthma and
went off with a sneeze;'' The'dthcYs
were something nearly TTke the old
timers. . A paper cap shot in a toy
pistol was a 70 millimeter or centi
meter gun whichever it is, by com
parison. Anyhow the Chinese manufacturers
were niggardly with their powder this
year and their punk was punkier than
ever, , . . N
. . .'. -v.
i . . ' -
By Associated Press.
Celebration of Holiday Marked
by Absence of fireworks, But ,
Depth of Feeling by
Every Citizen.
The glorious Fourth was celebrated
in Omaha yesterday as it has never
been celebrated before. Not by the
explosion of fireworks was the Fourth
of July, 1918, made memorable, but
by the solemn," united, serious com
memoration of this 142d anniversary
of our liberty.. '
With. 1,000,000 Americans in France
facing the great struggle and millions
more to go, the American people are
in serious mood. And Omahans re
flected exactly this spirit yesterday.
Of course, they indulged in the
usual pastimes in the amusement
parks and they carried great baskets
of eatables out to the various parks
and made merry there. But in nearly
every group there was a vacant place,
represented' perhaps by the service
star button worn by father or'mother
or wife.
Wait for Rain to Stop.
Rain which fell briskly for a time
in the afternoon failed to interfere
much with the pleasures of the day.
Folks got under cover and waited for
it to stop, which it did by 6 o'clock
and the sun came out, drying things
off nicely so that the patriotic exer
cises could be held as scheduled in
the parks at 7:30 o'clock. ;
These exercises were uniform in
program and were held in Miller. Riv
erview, Elmwood, Mandan, Krug,
Hanscom, Fontenelle and Kouritze
parks. The principal feature of each
program was a patriotic address by
an American citizen of foreign birth.
There was also an address by a na
tive born American in each park. The
audiences in each park joined in sing
ing,.'.The ..Star- Spangled Banner,"
"Battte:.Hy!nn-of..lh Republic" and
'merica.'; -;r .;.;-r';" - "
-At each-'parlc' Lincoln's Gettysburg
address was read; also the Declara-
(Toti tinned en Vf Three, Column Two.)
German Newspapers .
Declare Hospital Ship
Torpejoing Justified
; Amsterdam, July 4. German news
papers either justify the torpedoing
of the hospital ship Llandovery
Castle, or maintain that she was
mined. r . ' : ; - . , t
The Koelnische Zeitunfc says it
learns the "ship was in the barred
zone and remarks on the "audacity"
of ; the assertion that the German
commander tried to obliterate traces
of the deed. The Koelnische Volks
ZeituiiK thinks it is superfluous to re
produce details of. the commander's
conduct as published in England and
regards it as significant that ! the
veitfet 'carried. "such a large crew" as"
164."' .- ; ,
Under the heading: "A Shameless
English Lie," the Rheinirfche1 West
faelisclv Zeitung of Essen contends
that the vessel probably struck a
mine, but "even if she was torpedoed,
it was most probably rightly done,
as most oversea hospital ships are
armed. " c
u. s.
ly for the great manifestation in honor of In
dependence Day and continued :
"Lord Derby, representing England, has
broken an unwritten xrule which has lasted
from time immemorial, with respect to an
English ambassador attending the celebration
of our independence. I congratulate him. I
congratulate the great country which he rep
resents. It is in keeping with the British
spirit of fairness. We know now why Eng
land is so great. I welcome Lord Derby here
in the name of America." '
The audience arose cheering Lord Derby
and shouting for a speech. Lord Derby de
murred at first, but the cheers would not
down. Finally he said:
"I had always thought that- America
meant fair play,ybufc it is hardly fair to call on
me on such short notice to reply to such an
eloquent tribute as has been paid me by Am
bassador Sharp.
"As in the days of my youth a teacher
spanked me, saying 'You will thank me later
for this', I say now that I wish to thank
America for the best licking we ever got. It
has done us both a lot of good. We are grate
ful to you because that licking taught us how
to treat our children ; it is the reason why we
now have Australia and Canada and even
South Africa fighting beside us today."
Italians Attack at Four Points
Along Frontage -of. Eight
. ' Miles; , Aviators Burn. ;
Enemy's Bridges.
By Associated Press. !
Italian Headquarters, July 4. The
fighting that is in progress along the
lower reaches of the Piave is as se
vere as was that of last week in this
region, where mud, sand and water
are everywhere underfoot and clumps
of tall-growing grasses are frequent.
At four points the . Italians at
tacked the Austrian s' position in this
region, along a frontage of eight
miles. In this Comparatively small
stretch no less than 12 temporary
bridges thrown across . by the Aus
trians were destroyed by airplanes
dropping small barrels of burning oil
upon them. The Italian infantry are
frequently seen a short distance away
calmly waiting while the bridges are
attacked from the air, the troops then
being thrown against the remaining
Austrians. " t
Country Again at War
For Its, Own Existence,
Wilson Tells Omahans
President Wilson sent this stirring
message which was read in each of
th Omaha parks yesterday where
exercises were held. The message
was read by the "Four Minute
Speaker" . assigned to the various
"You are met, fellow citizens, to
commemorate the signing of the De
claration of Independence which
marked the awaking of a new spfrit
in the lives of nations.
"Since the birth of our republic,
we have seen this spirit grow. We
have heard the demand and watched
the , struggle spread and triumph
amcng many peoples. We have come
to regard the right to political liberty
as the common right of mankind
"Year after year within the securi
ty of our borders, we have continued
to rejoice in the peaceful -increase of
freedom and democracy throughout
the world. And yet. now, suddenly,
we are, confronted with a menance
which endangers everything that we
have won and everything that the
world has won. '
- "In all its old insolence, "with all its.
ancient cruelty and injustice military
autocracy has again ! armed itself
against the pacific; hopes of men.
Having surpressed self government
among its own people by an organiza
tion maintained in part by falsehood
and treachery, it has set out to im
pose Its Vill 'tfpftn "its neighbors and
upon us. ' - ...
"One by one,it has compelled :very
civilized nation in the world either
to forego its aspirations or to de
clare war in their, defense. We find
ourselves fighting again for ' our
national existence. We are face to
face with the necessity of asserting
anew-the fundamental -right of. fret
President's Address at Mount Vernon Logical Sequel To
His "Force Without Stint or Limit" Declaration;
Reconsecrates America to Struggle For Clean
ing Military Autocracy From Earth. ,
By Associated Press.
Washington, July 4. From the shadow of Washington's
tomb, President Wilson toda offered America's Declaration of
Independence to the people of the world with a pledge thatthe
United States and its allies will not sheathe the. sword in the
war against the central powers until there is settled "Once for
all" for the world what was settled for America in 1776. '
Foreign born citizens of the United States, representing 33
nationalities, who had placed wreaths of palms on the tomb in
token of fealty to the principles laid down by the father of his
country, cried their approval of his words in many languages
and then stood with reverently bowed heads while the voice of
John McCormack spread over the hall in the words of "The '
Star-Spangled Banner."
Launching Nearly JOO Ves
sels Recognized by Officials t
Jiri Wdrds'onPraise for ;
Shipyards Army.
' By Associated Press. '
Washington, July i 4.America's
merchant fleet; grown to' 10,040,659
gross tons by the 'construction of
1,622 new ships of 1,430.793 tons in
the fiscal year ended June 30, was
augmented today by the unprece
dented launching of nearly 100 ships.
The feat of the loyal army of work
men which made the launchings pov
sible received due .recognition from
the highest officials' directing the war
activities of the nation.
, ' Cannot Fail to Win.
"We are all comrades in a great
cause," declared President Wilson in
a message read today as part of the
launching ceremonies in 76 yards.
From General Fershing came the
thanks of the American fighting men
in Europe for the support of which
the launchings are substantial evi
dence. . ' . ' :
"With such backing we cannot fail
to win," asserted the commander of
the' United States army in France.
Chairman Hurley, chief of the men
(Continued on lnto Two, Column Fire.)
: ',,.'
men" to make their own lavs and
choose their own allegiance or else
permit humanity to become the vic
tim of ruthless ambition that is de
termined to destroy what it cannot
master. .
"Against its threat the liberty
loving people of the world have risen
and allied themselves. No fear has
deterred them and no bribe of ma
terial well being has held them
back. They have made sacrifices
such as the world has never known
before and their resistance 'n the face
of death and suffering has proved that
the aim which animates the German
effort can never hope to rule . the
spirit of mankind.
"Against the horror of military
conquest, against the emptiness of
living in mere bodily contentment,
against the desolation of becoming
part of a state that knows neither
truth nor honor, the world has so
revolted that even people Ion
dominated and suppressed by force
have now begun to stir and arm
"Centuries of subjugation have not
destroyed the racial aspirations of the
many distant peoples of eastern
Europe, nor have they accepted the
sordid ideals of their political and
military masters. They nayjs survived
the slow persecutions of peace as well
as the agonies of -war, and now de
mand recognition of their just claims
to autonomy and self government.
Representatives of these nations are
with you ta Jay voicing their loyalty
to our ideals and offering their ser
vices to the common cause. I ask
you, fellow citizens, to unite with
them in making this Independence
Day the first that , shall be conse
crated to a declaration of indepen
dence for all the world"
. ; T v
v . Preceding the oresident s address.
Felix Streyckraans of Chicago, na
tive Belgian and chairman of the com- .
mittee of foreign nationalities, made
public affirmation of the devotion of
the foreign born to the home of their
adoption. - 1
. United Against Autocracy.,
; Throughout his address, the logical
sequel to his "force without stint or
limit'.' declaration of several weeks
ago, the president referred' to "the
peoples" who are fighting against au
tocracy, stressing thereby the unity -of
purposes which' actuates the allied
nations,- On the -other hand ha dif
ferentiated between the ..people of
GermanV ind her , rulers a: he has '
always done, speaking of the isolated,
friendless group -of . governments
whose people are fuel in their hands.
A single reference to-Russia gave
notice to the world that the United
States still accounts the peoples of
the 'youngest democracy as allies. .
President Wilson enumerated the op
ponents of Germany as peop'cs of
many races. ' f '
Text of Speech. .'
The president's speech in full was
as follows:, ' - . -
"Gentlemen of the Diplomatic Corps
, and My Fellow Citizens: v
"I am happy , to draw apart with
you to this quiet place of old coun
sel in order to speak a little of the
meaning of this day of our nation's
independence. The place seems very
still and remote.. It is as serene and
untouched by the hurry of the world was in those great days long
ago . when General. Washington was
here - and held leisurely conference
with the men who were to be asso
ciated with him in the creation of a
nation. ' From these ; gentle slopes
they looked upon the world and saw
it whole, saw it. with the light of the
future upon it, saw it with modern
eyes and turned .away-from a past"
which men of liberated spirits could
no longer endure. . It is for that rea-
son that we cannot feel, even here,
in the immediate presence of . this
sacred tomb, that this is a place of
death. It was a place of achieve
ment. A great promise that ' war
meant for all mankind was here given
plan and reality. The associations by
which we are here surrounded are the
inspiriting associations ofthatnobla
death which is only a glorious con
summation. , From this green hill
side we also ought to be able to" set
(Continued an Fur Two, Column Two.)
J. C. Dahlmah Slated
For $7,500 Position,.
Late Political Rumor
Democratic politicians have - re
ceived information which they inter
pret to mean that James C. Dahlman,
formerly mayor, may be appointed to
a federal position which carries a
salary greater than that paid to the
postmaster of Omaha.
One of these duma leaders, who v
claims to , receive his information
straight from headquarters, asserted
that the salary is $7,500,, and that the . '
position is one that recently was cre
ated. -; : ' .
Mr. Dahlman has been away for.
several weeks, his itinerary, taking
him to Chicago and to the southland,
where he met several democrats" who
stand high in the national councils of
the party. It was further stated that
the itinerary-included Washington,
D. C. . ;
,The mayor's friends are urging
that his service for the party in Ne-. -
braska entitles him to consideration
at this time, when he finds himself .
out of office.. .''
Fourth Celebrated as Pershing
Day at General's Birthplace
Laclede, Mo., July 4 This small
town -was bedecked with flags today
for ; ''Pershing day" recalling- the
birth of the leader of the.' American
expeditionary force here September 1
13.J860, . s , . -