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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 5, 1918)
THERE'S ONLY ONEWAY TO WIN
'WlkliJ Omaha' Daitly Bee , ".
VOL. XLVII NO. 302.
General. Foch, With American
Aid, JFights' Enemy Jo Stand
, still yVithout Losing Points
; of Strategic Value.
' - 'v By Associated Frew.)-.
Washington, June 4. Vir
tual admission that the third
" German drive In the west has
. been brought to a halt was
seen here in tonight's official
statement from Berlin. The
brief announcement, without
claim of advance, served to
, convince officers here that for
the present, at least, General
Foch has fought the enemy to
a standstill without the loss of
any point of strategic value and..
without serious inroads on his
. reserves. '
' AMERICANS AID.
American troops aided in the fight
ing.JPrsumayxhey are part of Gen-
eraf Pershing's main units originally
- posted farther to the north. It may be,
however, that they are a part of the
- reinforcements that have been rushed
over since the German high command
' determined to force the war to a con
clusion in the hope that a decisive
victory could be won before the Amer-
' ican army arrived in France.
uvE ImJ II $) i!U o) uvum U uvJ 'LAls If HF
, From drives on wide fronts the
v " German offensive in France has de
teriorated into isolated attacks along
f-Mir.Nwth .area between Soissons and Cha
'' lean "Thierry and eastward on" the
the Marne in the general direction, of
Rheims. ...... - , -aV
, Although in these attacks the en-
' emy still is using large effectives and
great numbers of guns, hev is being
held almost everywhere, from further
progress and on various sectors com
pelled to assume the defensive against
; li i i .i
r -- vicious mows aeuverea Dy tne Araer-
, ican, French and British troops.'
- Thrown Back Across Marne.
, The Americans on. the sectors
X , where they are alone or brigaded with
allied troops everywhere are lighting
: with a spirit of abandon that places
- them rightly in the category of vet
erans. Near the Neuilly wood, which
' lies northwest of CJjateau Thierry and
hi me point wnere me , drive has
brought the enemy nearest Paris, the
Americans beat off a strong German
attack, and on the Marne at Jaul
' gonne, some six miles northeast of
' Chateau Thierry, "fighting shoulder to
shoulder with the French, they aided
'forcing the first contingent of the
eaemy to cross the Marne again to
seek refuge on the northern bank of
- the stream. In this last engagement
the Germans suffered severe casual
ties and also left 100 prisoners in the
hands of the defenders of the line.
Germans Capture Pernant.
" Between the Aisne and Ourcq rivers
the Germans have captured Pernant
"and to the soutlyof that village the
- French have ceded a little terrain. In
the Ourcq valley they also took the
town of N-euilJy-la-Poterie, seven and
one-half rriiles northwest at Chateau
Thierry, in fighting during which the
place changed hands several times.
In the region between the Oise and
the A'sne the Germans have been un
able to advance anywhere. The losses
of the Germans near Pernant -were
-extremely heavy, owing to the stub
. born defense of the French, v
.. There still is only moderate activity
( along the line held iy the British in
Flanders and Picardy, where patrol
activities and bombarding continue.
On the Amiens front the Germans are
heavily bombarding British positions.
- IOWA BECOMES
' j SEA OF WATER
, Webster City, la., June 4. North
central Iowa is a sea of water. Rivers :
and creeks everywhere are out of their
. banks. The government records in
, this city show that 4.88 inches of
rain have fallen in 24 hours. Train
service' in all . directions has been
abandoned. Hundreds of people have
" been driven from their homes by the
water. Much stock has been drowned;
Newspaper Tax Proposed.
Wsahington, - June ,4. Graduated
taxes On newspapers and -periodicals
based on the subscription prfce and
circulation was propsed in a bill in
troduced today by Representative
Johnson of Washington, as a substi
tute for the' postal zone rate system.
Champ Clark Announces. '
Jefferson Cit3 , Mo., ' June 4.
Champ Clark, speaker of the house of
representatives, has filed his declara
tion for renomination from the Ninth
. Missouri congressional district,
Off U. Sr Coast
. Washington, June 4. The official
list of vessels sunk by the U-boats
as given out tonight by the Navy
department included seven schoon
ers and four steamers as follows
Schooner Edna, 325 tons; schoon
cr Hattie Dunn, 436 tons; schooner
Hauppauge, 1,500 tons; schooner
Edward H. Cole, 1,791 tons; schoon
er Isabel 6. Wiley, 776 tons; schoon
er Jacob M. Maskell, 1,778 tons;
steamship Winneconne, 1,869 tons;
steamship Carolina, 5,039 tons;
schooner Edward R. Baird,-Jr., 279
tons! steamship Herbert L. Pratt,
7,200 tons; raised and towed to port;
AT RIVER MARNE
s . - , ...
Machine Gunners Win Honors
in Defense of Chateau Thi
erry; fridge Blown Up as
Enemy Is Crossing.
(By Associated Press.)
. With the American Army in Pic
ardy, June 4. American troops co-operating
with the French west of Cha
teau Thierry, north of the Marne
the nearest and most critical point
to Paris reached by the enemy, have
brilliantly checked the onrushmg Ger
mans, beaten off repealled attacks and
inflicted severe losses, and are adding
to the glory of American history.
The troops began to arrive on the
battlefront Saturday and participated
in the hghnng almost immediately.
They not only repulsed the Germans
at every point at which they were
engaged, but took prisoners, without
having any prisoners it! turn taken by
the Oermans,- v r :, 'Vi'. ..(..
; France Electrified. ';..
The Americans entered the battle-
front enthusiastically, eager to fight,
after a long march. On their way to
the battle line, they were cheered by
the crowds in the villages throueh
which they passed. Their victorious
stand, with their gallant French al
lies, so soon after entering the line
has electrified all r ranee.
The work of the American machine
gunners was particularly noteworthy,
There was at least one instance where
an entire attacking party was wiped
In stiffesi hand-to-hand fighting the
Americans acquitted themselves in a
manner which won the greatest praise
irom tneir rrencn comrades.
The most determined attack against
the Americans occurred last night.
rreceded by a heavy bombardment,
the Germans came in waves. They
penetrated the American trenches, but
were quickly rejected, leaving many
cieaa. . ...
Two smaller attacks Monday and
three Sunday had the same result.
. Bridge Blown Up.
In order to mask their movements
at Chateau Thierry the Germans used
smoke grenades, rendering shooting
difficult for the defenders, and at the
same time opened a severe bombard
ment on the town. The enemy started
across the bridge, but when many had
reached the. center of the structure
a terrific explosion behind them her
alded the destruction of the central
arch. Dozens of the Germans were
hurled into the water, while, the few
that reached the south side, were cap
The Americans, who - held the
south end of. the bridge and banks
of the river, covered the whole opera
tion and protected the French troops
while crossing before the explosion.
The French officers fighting, with
them declare that the Americans dis
played wonderful qualities of cool
ness and courage in the most diffi
cult situation, and in the course of the
trying struggle in the streets while
afterward they, with their machine
guns, prevented all attempts Nof the
enemy to repair the bridge.
Naval Expert Refutes German
Stories of Submarine Cruisers
London, June 4. Stories of Ger
many s submarine cruisers may be
dismissed, says Archibald S. Hurd,
fidely known writer on naval sub
jects, in an article appearing in the
"They are merely large submarines,
such as we have seen building," he
sys. "They do not represent a tri
umph of German engineering any
more conspicuous than a triumph our
shipbuilders have achieved. It was be
cause German submarines of about
800 tons could remain at sea only -
short time, were very uncomfortable
and the conditions were telling on the
nerves of the crews that the enemy
evolved a larger type modeled on
the Deufschland. This type having
been designed it was decided to in
dulge in exaggeration in order to im
press the world."
".What is the truth about the Ger
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE
Sixteen Among Passengers Aboard Carolina
Perish A fter Night in Heavy Storm
Following Hun U-Boat Attack
DEATH COMES TO
Indiana Statesman, Former
Vice President, Succumbs to
Ailment Not Regarded Se
Tious Until Recently;
(By Associated Fress.)
Indianapolis, June 4. Charles War-'
ren xFairbanks, former vice president
of the United States and former
United States senator for Indiana,
died at his home here at 8:55 o'clock
tonight. Death was due to intestinal
nephritis, which has been a chronic
ailment with him, but not regarded as
particularly serious until recently. All
members of the . former . vice presi
dent's family) except Major Richard
Fairbanks," who is in France, were at
his bedside. .'
Mr. Fairbanks was.a native of Ohio.
but had made his home in Indianapolis
since le4, shortly after his marriage
to Miss Cornelia Cole, daughter of
Judge P. B. Cole of Marysville. O.
Union county, Ohio, was, Mr. Fair
banks birthplace- and the date was
May 11, 1852. Youth and earlv man
hood were passed with assistive in "the
work on his father's farm and attend
ing the district school. Later he en
tered Ohio Wesleyan university,
which graduated him in 1872, when he
was 20 years of age.
In 1892 he was chairman of the In
diana republican convention and de
Iivered the keynote address. The fol
lowing year he was made the unani
mous choice of his party for United
States senator. .
Mr. Fairbanks was credited with
much influence in bringing about the
strong declaration for a eold standard
at the republican national convention
in 1896, where he was temnorarv
chairman and where William McKin-
ley was first nominated.
As - n mamhfi. stf tU - -. - If.
Fairbanks was active in nreoarini th
Dingley tariff bill, in estahlishinir the
gold standard and in delaying the dec
laration of war against Spam in 1898.
After the war he was a member of the
American and British joint high com
mission that settled various disputed
questions. ' . " . : .
In Vim Mr. Fairbanks wa? elected
the vice presidency. Four
later he was presented by his friends
for the republican presidential nomi
nation, and, although defeated, he
tne only candidate who
larger number of states than anv
(Continued on Vtgt Two, Column One.)
man j-submarines?" he continues.
These 'cruisers' displace not 1 5,000
tons, but 2,000. They are not 450 feet
long, but less than 300 feet.j Their
speed on the surface is not 28 knots,
but about 12 knots. When submerged
they do not travel at the rate of 15
knots an hour, but approximately 10
knots or so. " - ,
"It happens that we have heard
more about the operation's of the
German submarines than about the
British simply because ' the '. enemy
offers few targets for our submarines,
while we offer the enemy thousands
of targets every week. The percent
age of hits by our submarines is, in
fact, about three times that of the
Germans, which in itself indicates the
high standard of efficiency of British
fship design, construction and opera
Li Jif' ;
I 0 !
THE WORLD WAR-FIGHT 17 OUT TO A FINISH
Harrowing Tale of Sea Told by
Steamer's Survivors; Girl
Clinging to Two Drowned
SEA CALM AS BOAT SINKS
Lashed to Fury by Gale and
Occupants of Motor Boat
Often Thrown Out.
, (By Associated Press.)
Lewes, Del., June 4. Nineteen sur
vivors, passengers and crew of the
steamship Carolina, were landed here
today and brought a harrowing talc
of the sea, the loss of 16 of their num
ber and a remarkable rescue of a girl
while they drifted Helplessly by on the
ocean during a severe thunderstorm
Sunday night' ''. '
Ten boats left the Carolina before
it was sunk by the German submarine
U-37. The 19 persons landed here were
brought in by a British vessel that
picked them up more than 25 miles
off the Delaware capes.
Submarine Identified as U-37.
. "According to the survivors, the
Carolina was warned late Sunday aft
ernoon by wireless to look Out for
submarines. The steamer was advised
that a three-masted schooner had just
been sunk and was cautioned not to
show liglits. At 6 o'clock Sunday eve
ning a submarine appeared above the
surface close to tht Carolina.' It was
about 350 feet long, survivors said(
arid was identified as the U-37. .
-"A Gennan officer, with an armed
guard came alongside and gave orders
to out1 captain to lower all boats and
leave, the ship in 20 minutes," said
one of the survivors.
Ten Boats Lowered.
"Ten boats were lowered and every
body got in. There was little or no
confusion. All the time the submarine
lay as close as possible, its crew
standing on deck, watching us. After
the lifeboats had 'swung away from
the Carolina, the German officers
aboard the steamer hailed and ordered
one to return. This frightened mafty
iiy other lifeboats, but after a time we
found out the reason for the action.
In going through the steamer he
found a fireman who had been left
behind and he had ordered the lifeboat
to return for him.
"When his last boat was clear again,
the Germans left the Carolina and in
a few minutes the submarine shelled
the ship seven times. Then it burst
Boat Capsized in Storm.
"After we had drifted for I do not
know how long, a storm came. The
gale kickedup a nasty sea. The boats
pitched and soon became separated,
and we, who were in a motor launch,
seemed to e alone in the storm.
Rougher and rougher became the
water and the boat rolled and pitched.
Finally it capsized and all of the 35 in
it were thrown into the s$a. It was
righted and caosized again, while we
clung to it. This occurred several
times. The storm passed and the sea
began to cajm. It was pitch dark.
Finally we kept the launch righted,
but it was full of water. We clung to
it and bailed' out the water with our
hands. Some could not stand the
strain, became exhausted and let go
their hold and sank. It wa's terrible.
We bailed out enough water to let one
of us in. Then we bailed furiously and
enough water was scooped out to per
mit a second to get into the launch.
We kept on bailing until the launch
was able to bear the weight of a third
and a fourth. .
"We kept this up all mght until
sides of the motor boat were able to
get in. When the last was helped over
the side we found there were but 19 of
us. Sixteen had gone. v
Girl Miraculously Saved.
"With the coming of daylight the
sea calmed. All hands came to the
conclusion that all in the other boats
Af(er a while an object was seen
in, the water. There was no way to
reach it as the launch had lost its gas
oline and oars. The launch, however,
drifted close and the survivors were
startled to discover a girl alive cling
ing to the bodies of two drowned
men. The bodies were incased in life
belts, but the girl wore none. She ap
peared to be a good swimmer and
with her own efforts and clinging to
the two bodies for support, she man
aged to remain afloat. The launch got
near enough to her to effect lier rescue
and she proved to be Elona .Donato
Virola of Porto Rico. She is one of
the two women landed. '
; $he was one of those in the launch
and became separated from it when it
capsized. The identity of the two dead
men is not known. Their bodies were
left and the launch continued to drift
until Monday afternoon, when it was
picked up by the British vessel
5, 1918 12 PAGES -
COL GRANT TO BE
Popular Omaha Officer Ordered
to Report at Montreal to
Take Charge of Em
barkation., Colonel F. A.iGranr, commanding
officer of the Omaha quartermasters
corps, Tuesday received orders from
the War department in Washington
to report at Montreal. Can., to take
eharge of embarkation of troops and
supplies. He will leave Omaha
Many years of experience in trans
porting soldiers and supplies for the
United States government has fitted
Colonel Frant for the important work
he will do at the Canadian port. He
has had charge of embarkation of
troops and supplies in Manila, ' San
Francisco, Seattle, New York harbor
and in Newport News. Va.
Service in Philippines.
During the Spanish-American war
he was commanding officer of all
gun boats used to take possession of
the rivers in the Philipppines. Col
onel Grantlias little to say about his
part of the war. When asked about
it he admits casualty that "he was in
the fray down there." History records
show that his fearlessness and far
sightedness saved the day for Ameri
can troops many times. ,
His military record is long and
honorable. He enlisted in May,
1898, and went immediately to the
Philippines, where he stayed until the
war was won. In 1901 he was made
a captain in nthe quartermasters
corps. In 1903 he was commissioned
a major and in 1917, a colonel. He
has been in Omaha the last year and,
during that timt, the Omaha supply
depot has grown into one of the
largest army supply posts in this
part of the country. Colonel Grant
is prominent in the civil life of Om
aha and his family, consisting of
-Mrs. Grant and three daughters, are
social favorites here.
, ' - ' s - 4
TheT Bee Far in the Lead
In Automobile Display Advertising
. For the first five months of 1918 The Omaha ,
Bee led the field in automobile display, adver
tising and was the : ' . - '
ONLY PAPER TO SHOW K GAIN
In This Classification.
Here Are the Figures in Inches :
Wrfield Adv. Aeency Muaurementi for 191T.)
" "(Haynei Adv. Company Measurement for 1918.)
BEE ....... "..20,500 21,600
World-Herald ..21,030 - 20,551
News ..18,527 15,510 i
BEE GAIN. . . . . : : . . 1,100
World-Herald Loss... . 479 x ;
NewsLoss 3,017 ,
These figures are striking evidence of the buying
power represented in The Bee clientele. Automobile
men individually and collectively favor The Bee and
agree that its readers constitute the real buying power
'of the community. ' y v
KEffP YOUR EYE ON THE BEE.
Improving Every Day. v
Ol Tftli t
1 To U, S, Captain
An Atlantic Port, June f. The
Merchants and Miners' line steam
ship Grecian, which brought the
crew of the sunken schooner Jacob
M. Haskell to port was within
sound of the firing as the German
submarines carried on their work
of destruction, although the U-boats
were not sighted. Messages telling
of the activities of the submersible
were picked up by the Grecian soon
after it sailed from Philadelphia,
Captain Page was puzzled by t
wireless message sent in a familiar
code which read:
"Three boats containing SO men
from sunken ships 20 miles south
eas.t of Barnegat."
The message was not signed.
TOLL OF DEAD
AND MISSING- IN
All These Were From Steam
ship Carolina; 245 Survivors
Being Towed to Port on
(Dy Associated Freii.)
New. York, June 4.The toll of
dead and missing from the raid of
German submarines against shipping
off the American coast apparently!
stood tonight at 58, all from the
steamship Carolina of the New York
and Potto Rico line.
Sixteen of this number are known
to have perished when one of the
ship's boats capsized in a storm Sun
day night after" the vessel had been
sunk. The fate ot the others is not
known, but it Js hoped they have been
picked up by a passing ship and will
yet reach snore saieiy.
Officers of the company have placid
the number passengers aboard the
Carolina, when, it was attacked 125
miles off Sandy Hook at 220 and the
crew at 130, making 350 in all.
Report Received from Captain.
Captain Barbour of the Carolina re
ported to the company today that he
was on board the schooner Eva D.
Douglass with 150 passengers and 94
of the crew. The schooner is be'ng
towed t this port by a tug and i
expected to arrive tomorrow morn
ing. 1 . f
A boat containing 28 survivors, Zl
passengers and seven of the crew, ar
rived at Atlantic City this afternoon.
Another lifeboat with 18 passengers
and one member of the crew arrived
at Lewes, Del., with the report that j
16 of the 35 who had started from the
ship, had lost their lives in the storm
Empty Boat Picked Up.
If the company's figures as to the
number aboard the ill-starred liner
are correct, this leaves 42 unaccounted
for. That number might have been
crowded into one lifeboat. The only
npssible clue to their fate was found
in the fact that an empty boat marked
with the name of the Carolina was
picked up at sea by a British steam
ship which arrived here today. It had
every evidence of having been rid
dled by gunfire. It may have carried
the passengers and sailors who still
Coast Cities Darkened.
While all the resources of the navv
were engaged in a determined search
for the sea raiders, coast cities made
preparations for any emergency. All
display lights were ordered cxtin
guished in New York City.
Destroyer Interrupts Attack on
French Tanker; At Least
Two U-Boats at Work;
'11 Vessels Sunk. .
(By Aaaoelated Trem.)
Washington, June 4. Enemy
submarines still were operating
off the American" coast today. -A
French tank steamer, the
Radioliene, first transatlantic
craft to be attacked by the
raiders, was saved from de
struction at 9:30 a. m. today bv
an ' American destroyer, 65
miles off the Maryland coast. ,
The same destroyer found
the coasting schooner Edward
R. Baird, jr., sinking after hav-
mcr been bombed in the same
vicinity, making seven schoon
era and four steamers known'
officially to have been sunk by
PATROLS CLOSING INr V
Announcement by the Navy depart
ment of these facts late tonight, dis
closed that the "raid Jn American
waters hsKTnot ended with yesterday's
tale of destruction, , upsetting the
theory tha the raiders probably were
speeding homeward.- Coast patrol
vessles had not acted on this theory.
They are now closing in frorav all
directions, on the scene of the raiders'
last exploit, scouring: the sea tor
further trace of enemy U-boats as
they come. ,
- Secretary Daniels directed tonight,
that the brief report from y the de
stroyer be made public. The de
stroyer itself, with two survivors from
the Baird, a 279-ton craft, hailing from
Wilmington, Del., was still hunting
for the enemy.
Destrower Rescues Radiolelne.
The announcement, whlctt naval of
ficers said contained all the depart
ment knew about today's activities of
the raiders, follows: ' ' , -
"The Navy department has received
a dispatch from a United States, de
stroyer that at 9:30 o'clock this morn-,
ing it interrupted an attack by an en
emy submarine on the Frenchsteamer
Radioleine about 65 miles off the
Maryland coast. The destroyer, also
took on board two men from the Ed
ward Baird, jr., which was 'bombed
and sinking. "
"A later report was received stating
that the Radioleine had arrived at an
Two U-Boats Identified.
Reports from survivors who were
aboard the vessels also established
the fact that during the day that, at
least two submarines have been at
work in American waters. They . are
the U-37 and the U-1S1, and a report
to the Navy department shows that ?
one of them, at least, had stores to
last it three months. 1
Members of congress who conferred
with Secretary Daniels today were
convinced that everything possible j.
was being done that could be done '
without lessening American efforts to
crushthe enemy in France.
The troops have gone forward with
out delay. The raiders have created
panic among coastwise shipping, but
they have done, no military damans"
The picking up of a floatingNmine
off the New Jersey shore was an
nounced today by the Navy depart
ment. Undoubtedly it was dropped
by one of the enemy U-boats. Pos
siblythe raider was closely, pursued
arrd. thought to lay a trap for. its ,
IN BATTLE MAY 27 .
Des Moines, June 4. Thirteen Iowa ;
soldiers, including five from Dubuque,
three from Mason City, two from Des .
Moines, two from Winterset and one ,
from Red Oak, were killed in" action'
in France May 27, according to
official notices received by relatives
tonight. . ,
Captain E. O. Fleur, Des Moines, ,
and Lieutenant C. R. "Green, Winter-"
set, are among the number. AH are
of the Rainbow division. , . "
PrinM vnn Rhnhaii Ravarian
General, Killed in Battle
Washington, June 4. A diplomatic
dispatch from Switzerland today says '
that Prince von , Buchau.the com-:,
manding general of a Bavarian di
vision, has been killed in the fighting
on the Marne. ' v - .
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