Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 14, 1918, Image 1

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London Statement Puzzling
to Washington uniciais.
, London, May 13. The Associ
ated Press was officially informed
tonight that the statement sent
out from Ottawa last night attri
buting to the war committee of
the British cabinet the announce
ment that it had been decided not
to use the American army on the''
western front until it became a
complete force was due to an er
ror, which has now been correct
ed. Washington, May 13. American
officers were inclined tonight to char
acterize reports from London, via Ot
tawa, that American troops would
not be used until a complete and pow
erful American army had been devel
oped in France as an echo of the po
litical controversy precipitated in
England by the incident of General
' They could see no other explana
tion since the statement attributed to
the "war committee" of the British
war cabinet was promptly repudiated
by Lord Reading, British ambassador
here, and later was declared by Sec
retary Baker, in a formal statement,
to be at absolute variance with the
facts as known here.
Americans Fighting.
Lord Reading's statement said he
was confident no such announcement
had been issued with the knowledge
of Premier Lloyd George, adding that
,the views of the British government,
'which he was transmitting were ex
actly opposite. Secretary Baker said
American troops were now being used
in battle and would continue to be
used asthe supreme commander,
General Foch, deemed best.
Inquiry at the various bureaus of
the War department showed that the
expedited movement of men to France
is proceeding as planned after the an
nouncement that American units
would be brigaded with the French
and British for immediate operations,
as well aS training.
; In view of these developments, it
was felt that' an explanation - must
come from the British capital.
London Announcement Displeasing.
Since the decision to scatter Amer
ican battalions or regiments in allied
forces was made only because of the
cry for man power from both the Brit
ish and French governments when the
German onslaught was battering the
lines in ' Flanders and Picardy, offi
cials here were inclined to find the
tone of the announcement now attrib
uted to the war cabinet distasteful.
The fhole American program in
France hbs been subject to revision
by reason of that decision, the effect
of which was to set aside national
pride'and the ambitions of American
officers of high rank in order to fur
nish immediate aid. Such sacrifices
are not to be viewed lightly, it is held,
or to be accepted or rejected at the
whim of the moment in London or
Just how this report may relate to
the recent political crisis in England,
American officers do not undertake to
say. They have a strong feeling that
English politics are behind the mys
tery, however, and look to the British
gvernment to correct promptly any
misapprehension there may be about
the need for American aid.
. Prefer American Training.
There are some other question's agi
tating officials here which the Ottawa
report served to bring to light. For
one thing, American army officers, for
the most part, arc convinced that the
American army will never reach its
highest efficiency under either the
French or British army systems. The
relations between the officers and men
in each army are things peculiar to
each army. They cannot be transposed
from one to the other. ,,.
In the opinion of many officers
here, the' time is fast approaching
when 'American officer from the
other side should be relied upon for
the training of the American, rather
than veterans of trench, warfare from
the French and British services. Men
who are most insistent on this point
of view believe trench warfare has
produced nothing as yet which justi
fies the abandonment of all other
theories of military operations for
high specialization in trench tactics.
r If America is to contribute largely
to the ultimate defeat of the German
army, they hold it. must contribute
something more than man power; it
must contribute to the working out of
, a new theory of operations which will
bring victory, as trench warfarf has
ok done. For that reason they feel
r it would be a mistake to lose the
dash and Initiative of the American
army in over-training for French ac
tion. Name Editor of The Bee on .
f'aiional Postal Committee
Notification has come ' to Victor
Rosewater, editor of The Bee. of his
appointment by President Glass of
the American Newspaper Publishers'
association, to be a member of the
association's postal committee.
Mrs. Mae Evans Parckned
' ' In South Dakota for Slaying
rierre, S. D., May 13. (Special
Telegram.) Governor Norbeck today
on recommendation of the state par
don board granted a pardon to Mrs.
Mae Evans, .sentenced for 25 years
for the killing of Dr. Moore, a veteri
narian, at Brookings'
Teutons. Design Novel Craft in
Hope of Regaining Advan
tage in Underwater War
fare From Allies.
Washington, May 13. Realizing
that America and the allies have
gained mastery over the present type
of submarine, Germany now is said
to be planning a new series of big
U-boat cruisers with which she hopes
again to assume the advantage in her
unrestricted underwater warfare.
Announcement of the new German
scheme is made by George Leygues,
the French minister of marine, in an
interview received here today in an
official dispatch from France. No de
tail regarding the new U-boats were
given by M. Leygues, but from infor
mation from other sources it appears
that the cruiser submarines will be
heavily armed and armored and will
be designed especially to meet the
menace of the torpedo boat destroy
ers which have proved so effective in
hunting down the smaller submarines
now in operation.
M. Leygues declared that the allies
are ready to meet Germany's new ef
forts and will not rest upon the "fine
results obtained" in the past.
"We shall not stop," he said, "until
we have cleaned up the sea as one
cleans up a trench."
Just how effective has been the war
against the U-boats is shown by fig
ures on destruction of allied shipping
given to the naval commfttee of the
French chamber of deputies Satur
day by Minister Leygues. They re
veal that sinkings of merchantmen
have fallen off to the point where new
construction is exceeding the destruc
tion, even now before American yards
are in full swing.
Rate of Destruction Reduced.
The monthly average of destruc
tions this year, as given by M. Ley
gues, is 315,000 tons, compared with
more than 500,000 tons monthly in
1917. In April of last year, the first
month of Germany's unrestricted sub
marine warfare, the tonnage sunk was
871,000. In April" this year it had
dwindled to about 268,000 tons.
On the other hand the destruction
of submarines is exceeding their con
struction by the enemy and the mar
gin is expected to increase as addi
tional American destroyers, which
now are being turned out rapidly, take
their place operating in the war zone.
Gain Made in Tonnage.
The total of allied shipping de
stroyed in the first four months of
1918 was placed by Minister Leygues
at 1,262,345 tons and even if the sub
marines are able to maintain this rate,
which officials doubt, the year's total
would be something like 3,700,000
tons, or less than the estimated
amount of tonnage which the shipping
board believes America will produce
during the year.
Adding to American production the
output in Great Britain, France and
Japan, the allies would gain for the
yfar something like 2,000,000 tons, not
counting the 1,000,000 or more tons
of chartered Japanese and Norwegian
ships and requisitioned Dutch vessels.
Officials emphasize the fact that
theses figures, while encouraging, do
not -furnish the margin of safety
necessary and there will be no'relax
ing of building efforts in any of the
allied countries or in America.
Carl Bloomquist Re-Weds
Wifte From Whom Divorcejd
St. Paul,' Minn., May 13. (Special
Telegram.) Carl A., Bloomquist and
Mrs. Emma Bloomquist of Omaha,
after separation of two years, have
decided to try married life again. The
cbuple was divorced in Nebraska two
years ago and was remarried here
today by Court Commissioner Henry
Gallick. The Bloomquists will return
to Omaha to live.
Women Methodists Win ;
Fight For Church Rights
Atlanta, Ga., May 13. Women of 1
uic jvieinoQist episcopal church south
today won their 40 years'' fight for full
lay. membership in the church when
the general conference struck from
the church law the prohibition
against the membership of women
delegates to the general conference.
1 "Tango and Lounge Lizards" Liable
to Both Fine and Imprisonment. "
, (Br Auaelated Tnu.
Albany, N. Y., May 13. An anti
loafing bill, modeled in some respects
after statutes in effect in Maryland
and New Jersey, was signed by Gov
ernor Whitman today. It requires
all able-bodied males from 18 to 50
years of age by proclamation by the
governor, "to be habitually and regu
larly ehgaged in some lawful, useful
and recognized business, profession,
occupation, trade or employment
until the termination of the war."
' A fine of $100 or imprisonment for
three months, or both, is provided.
A census of male idlers was begun
' , v ' '
Omaha. Woman, Relative of
Longfellow and- Whittier,
; Mother of 14 Children,
Five of Whom Survive.
Mrs,' Margaret Lawton Bowes, 527
South Wtrt';wya a
first coffsinof IheTate oh 'Green
leaf Wbitfief and Henry! Wadsworth
Longfellow . great American .poets,
was laid to rest Sunday v . afternoon
after funeral services led by C. T.
Dickinson, Christian Science reader.
Mrs. Bowes, who was the wife of
Harrison H. Bowes, Omaha lawyer,
was a sister of Walter Perry Green
leaf, noted Theosophical lecturer, of
Chicago. She was profoundly inter
ested in the Theosophical society and
was well known in Omaha.
She was the mother of 14 children,
of whom the following survive: Wil
liam R. Bowes, Chicago; Frank J.
Bowes, Beatrice. Neb.; Arthur G.
Bowes, New York City; Walter P.
Bowes and Mrs. Marion Bowes Pix
ley, Omaha.
Washington, May 13. Plans for
the settlement of local industrial dis
putes which might interfere with the
nation's war program were announced
today by the national war labor board
in compliance with President Wilson's
labor proclamation of last April 8.
The plan provides for the appoint
ment of local arbitration committees
in industrial cities and districts and
of two member sub-committees of the
board itself to act in controversies
which the .local committee cannot
settle. These committees will be as
sisted by trained field agents sent out
from Washington to investigate each
The war labor board will act as
the supreme court and will hear
cases only when its sub-committees
are unable to settle a controversy or
when one side or another makes an
appeal from their decisions or those
of the local committees.
Airman Dies of Jnjuries.
Houston, Tex., May 13. Lieuten
ant Benjamin V. Maurice, of New
York, died at Ellington field, Houston,
today of injuries sustained whep his
airplane fell on April 16. , .
by the police today with a view to
prosecution under the anti-loafing
bill signed by Governor Whitman.
"Tango and lounge lizards," pool
room loafers, tramps and other idlers
between the ages of 18 and 50 will
be haled to court and fined or im
prisoned unless they can show that
they are engaged in a useful occupa
tion or intend to seek employment.
Included among New York's idlers,
it is said by police, are thousands who
fled across the Hudson when New
Jersey's anti-loafing law went into
effect. The roundup of idlers will
also be a hunt for slackers.
. H.
Railroad Administration Offi
. cials Figure increase of 25
Per Cent Is Necessary to
Meet Higher Costs.
(By Ansoflatfd Frei.)
Washington, May 13. Estimates
made today by railroad administra
tion officials indicate that an increase
of at least 25 per cent in freight and
passenger rates will be necessary this
year to meet the higher costs of fuel,
wages, equipment and other operating
expenses, now set at between $600,
000,000 and $750,000,000 more than
last year.
Recommendations that rates be
raised by approximately this percent
age has been made to Director Gen
eral McAdoo by his advisers. He is
expected to act within the next six
weeks, and to put increases into ef
fect immediately. Shippers will be
permitted to appeal to the Interstate
Commerce commission under the rail
road act .and final decision will be
with President Wilson.
- Biggest Ever Proposed.
Such an increase as is proposed
would be the biggest in the history of
American railways as the percentage
is larger tharl any ever sought by 'the
railways under private management
and would apply alike to the entire
country. Both class and commodity
schedules would be affected.
Rate experts of the Interstate Com
merce commission and railroad and
administration now are at work on
new schedules. Any increases to be
ordered will be arranged in a manner
to preserve rate relationships between
communities and regions, officials said
today, so that industries and commer
cial interests will be subject to the
same degree of rate competition as at
Passenger fares would be raised un
der the plan suggested to about 3
cents a mile, from the existing gen
eral rate, of a little less than Zl cents,
- Large Deficit Foreseen.
?;The proposed hicf eases, it is esti
mated, would yield about- $900,000,000
$700,000,000 in freight and $200,
000,000 in passenger revenues. This
would leave a margin above the esti
mated increases in operating expenses
eventually, but since the new rates
would .not go into effect until the year
is half over, their yield would fall sev
eral hundred InilUoQ dollars short of
meeting the anticipated deficit thii
year. - ;,
It is roughly estimated by railroad
administration officials that the roads
this year will spend between $150,000,
000 and $350,000,000 for wages more
than last year, between $120,000,000
and $150,000,000 more for coal, and
between $180,000,000 and $250,000,000
more for cars, locomotives, rails, ties,
terminal facilities, barges for inland
waterways and other supplies and
equipment. These figures may be
lowered by later developments but of
ficials who have studied the situation
closely are inclined to believe that
they are more likely to prove higher.
The estimate of increased wages is
based on the probability that the
director general will approve a gen
eral scheme of higher pay for work
men in accordance with the railroad
wage commission's recommendations,
which called for an addition of $300,
000,000 to the $2,000,000,000 payroll of
last year.
Although the question of the exact
prices the railroads are to pay for coal
under government operation has not
been settled, officials in charge of pur
chases are said to have decided that it
will be necessary to pay at least 65
cents a ton more than under contracts
now expiring. Railroads' coal con
sumption amounts to about 175,000,000
tons a year. ,
Swift Stockholders Approve
Increase of Capital Stock
Chicago, May 13. Stockholders of
Swift and company, at a special meet
ing here today, formally approved the
olan to increase the ca
the corporation trom $1UU,UW,WU to
$150,000,000. Half6f the increase is
to be distributed ' among the share
holders as a stock dividend while the
other $25,000,000 worth of additional
stock will be offered to sharehold
ers for cash at par at the rate of one
share of new stock for each four
shares of old stock.
Famous Briton Dead.
London, May 13. Baron Courtney
of Penwith; political economist and
deputy speaker of the House of Com
mons from 1886 to 1892, died in Lon
don Saturday.
Chicago Wheat Ration
To Be Further Reduced;
May Use Bread Ticket
Chicago, May 13. Bread tick
ets as a war-time measure in Chi
cago may be- necessary, according
to sentiment among 1,000 master
bakers of this city in session here
today. Harry A. Wheeler, state
food administrator, announced
that 80 per cent of wheat flour al
lowed bakers between May 13 and
June 1, will be reduced for the
' month of June to 70 per cent of
the amount allowed for the same
month last year.
Washington, May 13. The
bill changing the basis of draft
quotas from state population to
the number of men in class one
was signed late, today by Vice
President Marshal and Speaker
Clark and sent to President
Wilson for his approval. This
measure has been before con
gress for several months. It
will be put into effect as soon
as signed by the president, as
plans are ready for making the
May draft, already ordered, on
the new basis.
Green and Suppa, Omaha Con
victs, Gain Freedom From
- Penby Scaling the
Prison Walls.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Neb.,,-May 13. (Special.)
Scaling a 20-foot wMl by tying to
gether two ladies, Peter Green and
Thomas Suppa, Douglas county pris
oners, employed nights in the prison
power plant as firemen, escaped from
the Nebraska state penitentiary early
Monday morning.
Warden W. T. Fenton believed the
convicts caught a freight train which
passes about daylight. The men were
traced to the Burlington tracks, a
quarter of a . mile east of the prison.
The escape was made while a newly
employed night guard was making the
rounds of the machine shop. They
also evaded the vigilance of the one
guard on the wall by selecting an ob
scure corner in which to go over.
Green was under a sentence of 18
years for criminal assault. He was
received at the prison in April 1911.
Suppa was sent up in 1915 to serve
en indeterminate sentence of two to 15
years for attempted assault. Both
were convicted in Omaha.
Clemency Refused.
The State Pardon board made unan
imous recommendation on January
4, that - Governor Neville grant no
clemency to Green. The prisoner had
been appealing for commutation of
sentence. , o
Miss Fanny Koller, 13, Green's vic
tim has been made a physical and
nervous wreck by the attack, accord
ing to a letter received by the gov
ernor from Dr. J. W. Wearne of Oma
ha, who attended the girl.
The threat made by Green at the
time of the trial that he would "get
the girl" for testifying agains him, was
still preying on her mind, Dr. Wearne
Seen Near Beatrice.
Beatrice, Neb., May 13. (Special
Telegram.) Two men closely answer
ing the description of Peter Green and
Thomas Suppa, trusties, who escaped
from the Nebrasa penitentiary early
this morning, passed through Beatrice
this evening on the way south.
Senate Votes For Postal
Motor Food Transportation
Washington, May 13. By a vote of
42 to 9 the senate today tentatively ac
cepted a committee amendment to the
postoffice appropriation bill, appropri
ating $100,000 for the establishment of
postal motor routes in order to trans
port food products from agricultural
districts to cities. , '
The senate also took up considera
tion of Senator King's motion to
strike from the bill a $100,000 appro
priation for conducting experiments in
carrying mailby airplanes, but action
was postponed until tomorrow.
V. P. Ex-Controller Dies.
lain j. a in -v ii ii wi iv a anvi iv-v yi cut
dent of the Union Pacific and South
ern Pacific railroads until 1913, died
here, today at the age of 75 years.
Americans Rest and Laugh While
Enemy Wastes His Ammunition.
(By Aanclatcd I'rtM.)
With the American Army in France,
May 13. How an American alarm
clock kept the whole German line
guessing and caused the Germans use
less expenditure of larcc quantities of
I machine gun and rifle ammunition all
one night was related today.
The Americans had been trying for
some time to draw the fire of certain
enemy units.
"Leave Fritz to me," said a happy
faced young American who, putting
an alarm clock under his arm, disap
peared into No Man's Land under
cover of darkness and fastened the
clock to a wire.
Soon the alarm rang, whereupon the
Germans opened fire. The wire had
been so arranged that the clock con
tinued to ring intermittently and each
Great Turning Movement Against Arras Sector Fore
shadowed By Activity of Artillery North of Serre;
Austrians Meet Stern Resistance in Efforts to
Regain Peak of Monte Corno.
(By Associated Press.) '
London, May 13. British mounted troops, after capturing
Kirkut, in Mesopotamia, pursued the Turks for a distance of 28
miles to the northward, says an official statement issued today
by the war office. On May 11 the Turks were driven across the 4
Lesser Zab river at Altyn Kupri, 60 miles southeast of Mosul.
'v mmmmm ,
Germany's resumption of the gigantic offensive against the
allies on the west front has not yet materialized. In various sec
tors there have been local operations which have no bearing on
the situation as a whole, but along the entire front there is aj
quiet that might be encouraging were it not for the fact that
the Germans are known to be moving up men and material for
a new move in the mighty drive launched March 21.
Huns Opposing Americans on
This Line Show Signs of
Giving Up Idea of
With the American Forces on the
Picardy Front, May 13. (Special
Cablegram to the New York Tribune
and Omaha Bee.) While the military
situation westward toward the sea re
mains an open warfare in which either
side may renew hostilities, .there is
every indication that the enemy units
opposing the relatively small AmerU
can sector here have decided to settle
down to the resumption of trenhwar
fare. ;---- ' r :'ft
Aerial observation and other sources
of information, have elicited the fact
that the enemy is digging trenches
systems of a permanent character, not
only in the vicinity of the first line,
but also in the rear;
Nightly enemy working parties are
busy and every morning shows the
progress of their labor.
For a month allied observation indi
cated that the enemy was not.prepar
ing to retain permanently the posi
tions where he was stopped below
Montdidier by the French reserve
after an unopposed march of nine
miles in one day.
His trenches remained shallow,
while the men have occupied shell
holes and improved shelters. The
reason for the enemy's decision to dig
in now is undoubtedly that he has be
gun to realize the difficulty of bring
ing up stipplies.a thing which has long
been evident from this side of the
line. ' -
Prisoners the allies have taken were
in some cases starving.
The harassing fire of the allied
batteries, especially at night, on the
roads and on the enemy's organization
in the rear, may also bear on the sit
uation. ,
Police Commissioner Not
Yet Using His New. Broom
It was quiet and serene in "police
circles last night, even if the new city
administration and police commission
er were in charge.
No orders were received from the
"big chief" for a, wholesale cleaning
up and the police officers continued
their routine duty. The visit to the
Jolice station by Police Commissioner
. Dean Ringer, expected by the men,
failed to materialize.
"Blue Devils" From France
Pay Visit to White House
Washington, D. C, May 13. Presi
dent Wilson received today 86 French
Alpine troopers, known as the "Blue
Devils," who arrived here on their
tour of the United States for the Red
time drew a violent fire from the
Meanwhile the Americans rested in
their trenches and enjoyed a hearty
An American officer turned the
tables nicely on the enemy recently.
The Germans had retired during a
bombardment to concrete dugouts be
hind their trenches, leaving the first
three lines to one man, who went
around setting off flares, so as to cre
ate the impression that the whole
front was alive with Germans.
An American patrol leader went
over and discovered the ruse. He
killed the one German, invaded the
trenches and gathered dozens of street
signs which the Germans had posted,
returning to his own lines with the
signs tucked under his arm.
Field Marshal Haig'g report makea
special note of activity by the German
artillery north of Serre. This little
town is situated behind the Teutonic
lines north of Albert and narks the .
apex of a triangle, the base of which
is the line between Hebutrene and
Bucquoy. .
For several weeks military experts
have been watching developments in
this region because it is the logical
point from which the Germans may
be expected to launch a great turning
movement against the Arras sector,
where the , country is moderately '
level, with long undulating ridges
which might be stormed readily by
heavy masses of troops.
' Attack at Amiens Forseen.
The southern portion of the Brit
ish front has been under heavy fire'
and this may indicate the-Germans
are getting 'ready for a new effort to
reach Amiens.
On the rest of the western front s
the reports,Jtell nothing of interest,
as revealing the true situation.
Since the Italians captured Mont
Corno on Saturday momma, the
Austrian s have tried in vain to regain
this' commanding peak south of
Asiagobut have been met with stern .
resistance. 1 ; ;
British Capture Kirkut.
In Mesopotamia the British forces,
have progressed further up the Tigris
and have . captured Kirkut. pursuing '
the Turks for twenty miles to , the
northward. . The British now are 60."
miles east of the important city of
Mosul, the site of the ancient city of
Nineveh and the crossing of num
erous taravan routes. V
Ukrainian reports tell of the cap-.'
turef. by the i Germans of Dowager
Empress Maria' Feodorovna and
Grand Dukes Nicholas Nicolalevitch
and Alexander Michaelovitch, who
have been living in etarightened cir
umstances in the seclusion of their
estates in Crimea, which now is over
run by the Germans, y, ..
Emperors, in Accord. ; -Emperor
Charles of Austria, ac-;
companied by his foreign minister
and military leaders, has called on
Emperor William. The report of the ;
meeting says there was complete
accord" as to the present and future
relations of thecountries. ' . '
The Ukrainians .are said to be very '
cool toward the new government set
up by the Germans, while the Lith
uanians are demanding the absolute
independence of their country with a
monarch chosen from some .neutral -
state, instead of a German prince,
which has been said to be the pro
gram there. , t-
London, May 13. All German pris
oners captured in France say that
Field Marshal von Hindenbursr is
dead, letters from British officers ons. r
the western Wnt report, according to
me Daily Ukfress.
At the same time the name of Gen-i
eral von Mackensen is brought into
prominence as that of a great man,-"
who is to bring the Germans victory. "
ltt Daily Express assumes that the ,
von Hindenburg story is circulated to
explain the failure of the great of
fensive. .'
, . J; -
Short Weighting Discovered
In Packages of Cornmeal
Salt Lake City, May 13. L. T. Ir
vine, chief of the bureau of weights
and measures of this city, said today .
he had discovered shortages of from
one-half pound to one pound in 10-.
pound bags of cornmeal, shipped -from
eastern points to this city in
carload lots. Mr. Irtfine made the
charge that short-weighting of a sys,.
tematic nature was being practiced byv
shippers of foodstuffs into this city. . C.
In one carload of cornmeal Mr. Ir-V "
vine discovered, he said, shortages of
one pound in sacks labeled as con-?
taining 10 pounds. He insists that
claims of shrinkages made by manu- .
facturers are not borne out y such
noticeable' discrepancies in the -weights.
Geigel, Star Bavarian Flier, . V
Killed on .West Front
Amsterdam, . May 1& Lieutenant
Geigel, a star Bavarian airman, has
been killed on the western front, ac
cording to the Coloune Gazette. He
was credited with 15 aerial victories ,
-. v. '