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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 4, 1918)
The Omaha. Daily Bee
,x PART . ONE .
PAGES ONE TO TEN
VOL XLVII NO. 275.
OMAHA, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY-1 4, 19 18 -20 PAGES
O TralM. t HoMi.
Nwi sttsai. Eta.. M.
SINGLE COPY. TWO CENTS.
. THE WEATHER
(J- .n( : )( : )( : )g( :)(: )( : )
. FAILURE OF EFFORT
ft f II l.Ar 1
Attempt to Bore Straight Through General Foch's Lines or
'to Drive Wedge and Force Retirement From Arras
Lens Salient Presaged by Terrific Bom
, . y - bardment in Lys Region.
" - (By Associated Press.) -
.Having met with a reverse in their operations on the north
ern side of the Flanders sailent, where the French and British
have stood shoulder to shoulder in defense of Ypres and the
, high ground which forms a bulwark in front of the channel
ports, the Germans have, as 'indicated by the most recent re-
ports, turned to the southern
in northern France. ' s
- Thursday night and Friday
ingly centered its' fire on the
Neippe forest, and it may be
an attack against this vital sction of the British line.
TREMENDOUS CANNONADE. O -
', Dispatches from the British head
quarters tell of a tremendous can
nonade in the Lys region, which may
be taken to mean the part of the
" Flanders battle field at or near Mer
, ville, where the Germans made their
greatest advance after the fall of
. ftfmentieres. I
Articles appearing in German news
papers would seem to indicate efforts
- to prepare the German people for an
announcement that there will be no
i amediate attempt to take Ypres. Ex
perts, writing what may be considered
"inspired reviews of the situation, say
that nothing would be gained by the
capture of the ruined city.
' ' Lens Salient Menaced.
, This may mean that the Germans
will turn their atTOition to some
other part of the front for a new ef
fort and.the bombardment of the lines
, near Merville and: further east, may
' b; ts,e first step in an attempt either
io bore straight through the allied
armies, or cut , through toward the
south and force a sBritish retirement
. from the Arras-Lens salient. So far
is known, no infantry fighting has
occurred in this sector in the last day,
'.While waiting for the Germans to
make the next move, the allies have
not been idle. All along the line their
. natrols have been active and at ilan-
it irard and Villers-Bretonneux. before
Amiens, they have taken tactical posi
tions from the leutons, One of these
positions was hill 82, north of Castel,
. a ne'ight which afforded good ob--,'
servation of the allied communication
lines. . " !
Zeebrugge Channel Blocked.
The British admifalty has ' found
that the channel at 'Zeeburgge, in
which Id British cruisers recently
were sunk during the naval raid on
- .the German submarine bases on the
Belgian 'coast, is still blocked and
probably will remain so for a con
siderable time in spite of the efforts
Of the Teutons to dredge a new chan-
- nsl around the obstacles formed by
'vv the wrecks of the warships.
- German troops operating in Ukraine
irve advanced into the Donetz coal
region, in the eastern part of the gov-
V e-nment, of Kharkov." The presence of
'Germans as far east as this would
- seem to indicate that Teutonic
' domination of southern Russia and the
black Sea js almost complete.
' Te authority of General Foch, who
was recently designated commander-in-chief
Of the allied armies in. France,
has-been extended to include the
foraes on the Italian front as a' re
sult of the meeting of the inter-allied
war council at Abbeville.
y Ryan Nominated.
Washington,' May - 3. John D.
Ryan of Montana, who was recently
selected tTrak charge of aircraft
production, was formally nominated
today , by President Wilson to be
chairman of the aircraft board.
;f The Weather
, - Nebraska and Iowa Generally, fair
Saturday and Sunday. Net much
Hour. , Des.
S a. m.
T a. m.
8 a. m.
t a. m.
It I. in,
11 a. of.
1 p. m
3 p. m. ..........
f p. m
4 p. nt..
5 p. m......
T p. ml...
ComparatiTe torsi Rrford.
Highest yesterday 67 - 43 65
Uwent yt-sterday .... 59 . 33 40
, Mph temperature .... 73 38 52
, Precipitation ...00 .76 .00
f p. m
Temperature and precipitation departure
from the nonaal:
- Normal temperature S3
Sicesi for the day 15
'Tout exceea since March 1. 1917 27
, Normal precipitation li inch
DeflcieBcjr for the day ...... .14 Inch
,. Total precip. since Mar. 1, Mil. .1.68 inches
Deficiency since Mar. 1, 1118. ...3.09 inches
Exctu for cor. period In 1917 1.45 inches
Deficiency for cor. period In 1916.2.70'lnches
Reports From Stations at 7 I. M.
nation Stale of Temp. Hih- Raln-
. wmtber. 1 p. m. est. fall.
?hcenne, cleat . .7 -,i .00
Davenport. PL rloudy ,. .80 " ' 84 .00
Denver, jelear ...72 7C .01
-lw Moinen. cl. ar 84 81 .n
DoiUe City, pt. cloudy.... 74 1 . .0
rndi;r, pt, ckudy .......74' , 76 .00
North Platte. ..lear ......84 1 .Of
. Omaha,- clear 85 87 .00
' TeeUoj clowlv ....,.,...74 t .
Bapld City, tirar ...g 83 .00
".I" Indicates, trace of prvclpllat'on. : '
' w - W.A. yfOLBU, UeteotolucUk
1 1Kb YHKh.S
sidehf the angle in the allied lines
, v ,
the German artillery had seem
lines between Givenchy and the
that the enemy soon will launch
AIMED AT BRITAIN
British Minister Believes Ger
mans, Relying on Their Own
Resources, Cannot Hold
Out Much Longer. "
(By Associated Press.) s
London, May 3. In the personal
opinion of Lord Kobert Leal, min
ister of blockade, the failure of Ger
many's "knockout offensive" on "the
western front will ' result in a big
peace offensive, directed "mainly
against Great Britain and possibly
made in an attractive form, but which
will not afford- any terms the allies
can look at.
In this opinion made in a state
ment to The Associated Press, Lord
Robert expressed the further belief
that the new ipeace offensive would
be largely for German consumption,
because "the rulers' of Germany know
if they have to rely on their own re
sources they cannot hold out much!
1 Aiger." . ,
Fail in Objective.
A representative of General Rad
cliffe, director of military operations
at the war office, today summed up
the military situation on the western
front as follows: .
"In the north, while the Germans
failed in their objective, they made
their right flank secure by the cap
ture of Kemmel, but we must regard
the operation from the viewpoint of
economy of men "ana they used up
five divisions from the general re
serve, besides seven or eight divisions
i i j . '
"It is difficult to make an exact
comparison of the staying powers of
the two armies, Dut tne tacts snown
are in our favor. If the enemy con
tinues his offensive in the north, he
must impair his chances of success
in the south.
"TheViain aim is to separate the
Anglo-French armies in the south
and if the enemy continues the cam
paign in the ncrth without important
results he is using up his forces to
no purpose." . r .
Foch's Authority Extended v
, To All. Western Fronts
t aris, May 3. The military author-
lty of General Foch as a result of the
Italian adhecion has been extended
to all the western fronts and the
general now becomes commander-in-ohief
of all the allrd. armies in the
west, says Marcel Hutinin the Echo
De Paris. . - k
Iowa Aviatdr Falls With Foe ,
In Fight, Both Machines Afire
(By Associated Frees.)
With the American Army in France,
May 3. In a desperate air fight over
the American lines northwest of Toul
today, Charles W. Chapman, jr., of
Waterloo, la., and ; a German , pilot
with whom he was fighting, plunged
to earth inside the German lines,
both their machines wrapped in flames.
It was shortly after 9 o'clock this
morning when five American patrol
in g machines left the ground, one after
the' other. They circled above the
hangars until they got? into a V-hape
formation. Then, with the roar of
mfitors, they hit for the line.
They had patrolled the section once
and were starting on a second tour,
when sparkling specks were seen in
the sky far away within the German'
lines. The American airmen turned
quickly, but kept their formation. The
men in the front lines watched the two
formations and saw the German group
continue on its course and ttie Amer
Third Liberty Loan Goes Over Top Today;
"Match The President" Feature Potent Factor;
! Workers. Urged Not to Relax, in Their Efforts
Honor RqII Pledges Expected to
Realize Billion or Two Over
subscription by End of
(By Associated Frets.)
Washington, May 3. With only
one day of third Liberty loaruam
ftaign remaining the total of subscrip
tions tonight rose nearly to the $3,000,-
000,000 level, leaving the big task for
loan workers to gather enough honor
roll pledges to insure the billion or
two over-subscriptions sought by the
.Official reports tonight showed
$2,940,640,000, an increase since last
night of $189,283,700, which is the big
gest day's business recorded since
the campaign opened four weeks ago.
The campaign closes officially vmid
night Saturday, local time, and most of
the country's 27,000 banks will remain
open through the evening to accom
modate procrastinating bond buyers.
Without ddubt, the day will be the
biggest of the campaign. The total
will be boosted tomorrow by the
recording subscriptions already made
but not supported by initial payments
FAIR AND FIRM
TO BE SLOGAN OF
STATE FOOD MEN
County Administrators Gather
at Banquet; To Use "Card";
System, if Found to- Be,
Fair and firm was the slogan last
night of a banquet to the county food
administrators of , Nebraska in the
palm room of Hotel Fontenelle,' with
Gurdori Vt, WJattles, state administra
tor, as taastmaster,' and J. S. Hallo-
well, organizer. for ' Administrator
Herbert C. Hoover, the guest of
honor. . :
Benjamin A. Fye made what was
probably the principal speech of the
evening. Mr. Fye is a field agent
for the state food administration, i
"Duty,, and .Opportunity" was the
theme upongwhich he spoke, v J
' Must Do uur All.,
"We do not want food cards," he
declared, "but when food cards be
come necessary in this country to win
this war, which we are determined to
win, then fopd administrators will not
hesitate to put them into effect It
is not to 'do our bit but to do our
all. Duty is the thing that must be
done, but it will not be done until
we do it. ,-
E. M. Fairfield, second state Hep
uty in charge of the enforcement di
version, gave tne county administra
tors a number of suggestions pertain
ing to observance of food regulations.
Mrs. A. E. Davison of Lincoln, who
is at the head of the college women's
organization, informed the administra
tors that it the time came when .it
was necessary for women of Nebraska
to do farm work, then the college wo
men would be first to lead.
Tribute From Hallowell.
Senator John F. Cordeal of Red
Willow county, ProfC. W. Pugsley
of the University of Nebraska" and
ohn D. Haskell, Dixon' county, were
Lother speakers. .
P .i l ' l - ir
rmai remains were mane oy Air,
Hallowell, who paid tribute to .the
efficient food administration main
tained in Nebraska. At this juncture
a poem was read by a county admin
istrator, too modest to reveal his
identity. It follows: .
Some people were mad, to be soldiers.
But ths Irish Wire made to be cops.
Sauerkraut was made for ths Germans,
And spaghetti was made tor the wops.
Fishes were made te drinle water, ' .
Bums were made to drink booze:
Banks were made for money, ,
And money was mads for ths Jews.'
erythlnii was made for something.
'Most everything but a miser; .
God made Hoover for food administrator,
But who in the h I made the kaiser?
ican planes starting out to head them
off. .. '. ...
The American pilots soon recog
nized the other formation was Ger
man and went up higher, but the
enemy did not seem to see them until
the Americans were almost overhead.
Suddenly the American' formation
took a . dive toward the Germans, who
swung about sharply. Then the ma
chine guns came into action and the
battle was on, while watchers on the
ground were unable to tell which was
which, as all 10 machines darted in
and out, up ana down and turmSd and
banked. ' "
Then one machine, a German, left
the formation, and another, in which
was Chapman, followed, his gun spit
ting bullets. Tht German banked jnd
Chapman did likewise, while both
were pouring lead into. each other.
Two bursts of flame were seen and
the machines went , spinning down,
long tails of fire and smoke streaming
out behind tbcm,
and consequently , not officially re
ported. ' .
Work to Last Minute Urged.
Treasury officials tonight were in-
kistent that campaign committees to
. 'LI. -.-I ?
morrow get every possioie suosenp
tion. The headquarters review again em
phasized that it is necessary 1o pay
only S per cent of the subscription
when the pledge is entered, the bal
ance to be paid by installments later.
The Chicago and Boston federal re
serve districts were the fourth and
fifth respectively to go over the top.
Both reported over-subscriptions to
day. Y All other district committees
sent word that they would pass the
1U0 per cent line tomorrow.
Subscriptions by Districts.
The treasury's table of district sub
scriptions shows the following:
District, Subfirrlptlon. ret. Oimta.
Minneapolis . .1S(I,M 1.050
8t. Louis 1A8.H8S.900
Kaunas City .. IBD.m.ftOO
fhionico ........ 458,840,850
Ronton 88 ,88 1,850
San Francisco.. 200,701 ,800
Philadelphia .. (89,008,400
Richmond .... 120,103,850
New York .... 773,550,050
Leading Grain Dealer
. Omaha Dead
Charles E. Niswonger, of the Blan-chard-Niswonger
and vice president of the Omaha
Grain Exchange, died, at his home,
4920 Chicago street, Friday evening,
aged 49 years, v-r
Mr. Niswonger is survived by his
dow, who is a daughter of Captain
0. H. Swingley, realtor in the Bee
building. He came to Omaha from
Memphis, Tenn., 10 years ago, to en
gage in the grain business. He was
active and prominent in grain trade
circles after that time, and for years
had served on the board of directors
of the Omaha Grain Exchange. ' '
Mr. Niswonger had been in failing
health for five years, .
Funeral services will be held at
All Saints' Episcopal church, of
which Mr, Niswonger was a com
municant, at 3 o'clock Sunday after
noon, Dr. Mackay officiating, and in
terment will be in West Lawn. -1,
Nonpartisan League Leader
Found Guilty of Disloyalty
Red Wing, Minn., May 3.N. S.
Randall, National Nonpartisan league
organizer, was found guilty of "utter
ances tending to discourage enlistment
in the army and navy" here tonight
after a trial which lasted three days.
The charge on " which Randall was
convicted was the result of a speech
made by him before a gathering of
farmers at Kenyon last August.
Spain Saves Daylight.
New York, May 3. Spain has
adobted the daylight saving plan.
Legal time 'ii that country was ad
vanced 60 minutes on April 15 to con
tinue until October 6, the Commercial
Cable company announced today., .
British Soldier on Guard
At Birthplace of J e8U8
London, May 3. From Bethle-;
hem a ,youthful British soldier
writes to a friend here: : J-
I am on guard at present, and it
is a great honor, I can tell you, that
I am guarding the birthplace and
manger of our Lord. It is a won
.dcrful place and I never thought
when I used to read about it that
one day I should stand and guard
it ' The birthplace is marked by a
14 pointed silver star, presented by
the French government. The stable
is hung with lamps from all dif
ferent countries, and they look
beautiful; and, I might add, they are
always alight. The manger, itself,
is cut in natural rock, but marble
has been put in to keep it in a good
state of preservation."
" SHELLPROOF MACK'S"
Gripping Story of Trench Fighting
is continued on page Four of The
Bee Today. j.
I 1,1 I,
Most of .Country's Banks Will
Remain Open Through Eve
ning to Accommodate Pro
crastinating Bond Buyers.
. , i
a $50-bond" feature of the cam
paign continued today to be the
most potent factor in obtaining late
subscriptions. Forme,r President Taft.
at Elizabeth City, N. C, today
matched the president. At a meeting,
which former Ambassador Gerard ad.
dressed in Philadelphia, $100,000 was
raised in "presidential matches." '
' Resultk by states reported form the
Kansas'City district are:
Missouri, $25,990,700; Colorado,, $20,
683,700; Kansas, $37,101,000; Ne
braska, $38,212,000; Oklahoma, $27,
468,700; Wyoming, $5,213,000; New
Mexico, $421,100. r
Percentages obtained by leading
cities are: Kansas City, Mo., 129; St.
Joseph, Mo., 152; Denver, 65; Pueblo,
104; Kansas City, Kan., 116; Wichita,
85; Topeka, 150; Omaha, 130; Okla
homa City, 116; Tulsa, 109; Musko
STEEL AND IRON
TAKEN OVER FOR
Surplus Will Be Distributed by
Government f Passenger Auto
probile Industry to Be Cut
Seventy-Five Per Cent-
file) sl.uu.lsa.,! BMAa
nniwinvou m s
-Washington, May 3. Every 'ton of
steel and ' pig iron in the ' country
virtually has been commandeered by
thrr government ifor mk-li&k
and any Surplus remaining after j?war
needs are met, will be distributed to
non-war Industriesunder' strict gov
ernment supervision, f
This was learned officially I to
day following ' publication, in New
York of minutes of a meeting there
last Friday attended by the chief steel
men of the country and J. Leonard
Replogle, director of steel - for the
war -industries board. At that meet
ing Mr. . Replogle " announced 'the
government's new policy to guarantee
a constant supply of steel for the
nation's-war activities.' He told the
steel men they would be required to
devote their entire capacity to war
orders, and they signed a pledge
agreeing to this plan.
Automobile industry curtailed.
The passenger automobile industry,
one of the largest consumers of steel
of the so-called less essential indus
tries, will be among the first to feel
the effect of the new policy. The
government's and allies' steel require
ments will necessitate a 75 per cent
curtailment of the passenger automo
bile industry or possibly a greater re
striction. . .
Other less essential industries, large
users ot steel, will likewise be at
fected, particularly commercial and
private building construction.
ABOLITION OF POVERTY STERN
Hazards of Peace Need Safeguarding,'
As Do Risks of War, Says Miss Lothrop- ,
TASK FACING WOMEN OF U. S.
. Hot Springs, Ark., May 3. If "com
fortable women" in truth desire "to
help democracy prevail,"- they must
undertake "the-long insistent, stern
task 6f abolishing poverty," Miss Julia
C. Lathrop, chief of the childwn s
bureau of the federal department of
labor, tonight told the General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs, here.
"We must be willing to work and
sacrifice and vote for democratic
standards of life, for conditions of
work which do not carelessly destroy
the health of workers and for pay
which tnakes independent, self-re
specting life possible for the family.
The hazards of peace need safe-guard
ing as do the risks ot war, said Miss
Lathrop. ' She added:
i "A great London merchant said
lately that the luxury trade was gone
in the London shops. It will be wen
for us if it goes in our shops. If
we decide' that the abolition of pov
erty is a necessity of the democratic
state and not an unattainable luxury,
it can be accomplished in our own
day, even in the throes of war. This
is a great task, but women can no
longer hold aloof from any of the
great tasks of social justice.
Mob Violence Inexcusable.
' "No war was ever entered into with
a nobler. aim. than. ours of today and
noble heroism follows; but the tense
excitement of the, thrive has let loose
also the unwholesome mob violence
of those. who run to meet a pretext
for taking law into their own hands
or more truly for defying law. yVomen
know that no spirit can be more dan
gerous to. democracy inan tire moo
spirit, it is a moral epidemic nice ine
"Those who make laws have no ex
cuse for disobeyingthem and there
WANTED BY BAKER
FOR MILITARY USES
"There Is No Limit; We Will Call Out Enough Men to
, Make Victory Certain," Says War Secretary;
233,000 Called in May; Every Can- '
' tonment to be Enlarged. ,
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, May 3. Simultaneously with the announce
ment today that 233,000 men from 45 states had been called to
join the colors in May, Secretary Baker indicated the scope of
the government's plans for increasing its fighting strength, by
stating that congVess had been asked to appropriate approxi
mately $15,000,000,000 for army of 3,000,000 men. for the
next fiscal year. A r
That amount is exclusive of funds provided in the fortifica
tions bill, which not only covers coast defenses, but as a rule
provides the bulk of heavy field
Last year the army estimates aggregated $6,600,000,000
to pay for a force of 1,500,000
TO GIVE GERMANS
Hamburg Paper ""Says The
Hague Yielded to Military
Demand for Transit of 1
2 War Materials.
Associated Pross.) .
London, May 3. In an article re
garding the disagreement which has
arisen between Holland and Germany,
the Nachrichten of Hamburg says that
4 unrestricted f acilities-f or transporting
! goods across the Dutch province of
Limburg, from Germany to Belgium,
would be of great value to the German
high command, and that its use is be
coming needed more (greatly as the
battles on the western front rage more
violently and the requirements for
men and material increase ;
The Dutch government; however,
took the stand that there must be no
transit of war materials through Lim
burg. The newspaper argues that Hol
land's resistance to Germany's de
mands in this regard has been due to
strong entente pressure1;'
The Dutch foreign minister assmued
an authoritative attitude toward the
German minister at The Hague, and
spoke of a casus belli, the newspaper
continues, and the German minister
did not answer in the right tone. .Per
haps he did riot wish to, believing
that Germany would have to be called,
as heretofore. But in the present cases
Germany will not be obliged to yield,
the newspaper asserts, because the
transit question is mainly a question ot
warfare and is not within the province
of the German foreign office.
"In the circumstances," the Nach
richten adds, "the result could not be
in doubt. The German demand had to
be carried through in the main and
we believe The Hague has perceived
the necessity and acted accordingly."
fore nowhere is the mob so inexcus
able as in the United States. Can we
not resolve here ardently to teach re?
spect for laws as a part of patriotism,
to hold up pure ideals -for the be
havior of the civilian which shall be
worthy the high sacrifices of the sol
dier?"' - : ' . -Obligations
Women who lake men's places be
cause of demands of war conditions,
may "have an opportunity to improve
at least some of the methods" used
in commerce and industry, according
to Miss Jane Addams of Hull House,
Chicago, who tonight addressed the
federation on "The World's Food
Supply and Woman's Obligation."
She cited the distribution of milk as
one' instance in which improvement
might s made and said women "cer
tainly are under obligations to main
tain labor standards."
Adoption of resolutions petitioning
congress to pass a
national bone dry
law as a war measure and a message
sent to Senator Jones, chairman of
the woman's suffrage committee, ask
ing that he submit the national suf
frage, amendment so that democracy
in the United States may be complete
and a pledge not to eat wheat or any
of its products until September 1 were
the outstanding features of the, busi
ness session today of the General
Federation Women's Clubs, in bi
ennial session here. .
The action was taken upon-recom-mendation
of the president, Mrs. Jo
siah Evans Cowles. The bone dry
resolution was . presented by Mrs.
Robert Burdette, chairman' of .the
resolutions committee', and authorized
the sending of telegrams to members
of the house and senate as a petition
of 2,500,000 members of the federa
tion, v- v . . V
..... ..... . . A ' .
men, which already has been &
Q - MOBILIZE MAY 2.
The call for 250,000,000 men durina.
May goes to all states except Cali
fornia, Oregon and-Nevada, which,
with the District of Columbia, jlreadj
have supplied so large a part oi theii
quotas that it was decided noto in
clude them this time. The movement
in most states will begin May 25 and
will be completed in five days. - -
ay tnis order the War department
abandons its plan of assembling men
m eiren monthly increments of ap
proximately 100,000. The call for 150,
000 in April and 233,000 this month
will bring out in two months half of .
the' number . originally contemplated
for the year. Officials made it clear
that it is now the purpose to mobilizes
all the men for whom equipment and
training facilities can be provided.
There is No Limit,
"Let us avoid specific figures" Sec,
tetary Baker again said today., "They
simply limit. There ls,no limit . We
will call out enough men to maVe vic--tory
certain. W wiUuttnhenr,t"
rapidly as theyxcan wtiiaTiVeJ ;
sent forward." - i ?y! '-V' .-',' ' ;.
V In preparation for thfa (rentdhdoul
increase in the army tne house mil
itary committee was told today that
eyery existing cantonment in th r
country will be enlarged and everj
National Guard camp utilized to it:
full capacity. It is regarded as prob
able that some new cantonments mus, "
be built. Ground already has been ob .
tained in the vicinity of several can
tonments for expansion.
Allotments Based on Population. '
The May draft, allotments , wer
made on the population basis here
tofore used, but Subsequent distribu- i
tion of quotas will be much altered
when the number, of men , furnished
by any state is computed , from ths
number of availables it has . in1 clasi
one. . ,. , . -::'.'
The men called out this month will
he mobilized generally at the canton
ments to which men from the sams
states have previously Been sent.
Some of the camps will nave been eon
verted into replacement divisions an!
the new men will be re-distf'buted in
accordance with their qualifications.
The apportionment calls for 1,575
men from Nebraska and 3654 front
Iowa, to be sent tq Camp Dodge.
A call for 6,207 skilled men for the
national army was sent out today 'by
Provost Marshal General Crowder.
All . states are included except New
Jersey. It directs the movement of
the men May 17. v, i . t
- Will Create New Divisions.
. Under, the increased army plan' a
great number of new divisions may
be created. With authority now asked
for unlimited power to create fighting
(ContinoWl to Pr Two, Colnma Ous.)
Piles Take Control of
Cholm District iriSJJkraina
London, May 3. A dispatch from
Kiev to Copenhagen, as forwarded by
the Exchange Telegraph, says thai
the Cholm district, which .under ths
Brest-Litovak treaty was given to ths
Ukraine, has been taken over com
pletely by the-Poles. Polish func
tionaries have been appointed and
Polish courts have been established.
.The Cholm district was included in
Russian Poland. A large number of
its inhabitants are Poles. When the
Ukrainians declared their independ- :
ence of Russia, they laid claim to this -territory
and under the arrangement
made at Brest-Litovsk it was included
in the Ukraia. This caused great
dissatisfaction in the Polish state Set
up by the Germans and Austrians, and
for a time threatened to briny on a '
crisis in its relations with the central ,
nowers. ' , 1 ,
Scots Strong for War, Says : i f
American Labor Visitor
London,' May 3.--The war spirit in
Scotland is described by-"William
Short, pesid.ent of the Washington '
Federation of Labor -and a member
rf thft Amprirati taHnr micsinn- itnur
Visiting England, in a' statement t
fie-Times: . ",'
The rabonng men and women are 1
doing: all they can to help1 win the
wac by making material with which v
the Germans surely will be beaten." r
he said. "I ,vwent to Ayr, where I
spent my boyhood in the mines. The.
miners gave us the impression that
they were as strongly determined as '
the miners of the United States t
carrv on the fisrht until it if Wo
I whatever sacrifices it may inY.ofca
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