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a Daily Bee
VOL. XLVII NO. 270.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 29, 1918.
0 Truliii. at Hot.li. OTXTT r rTiTOV rptirrt ' r'tPXTTC!
THE WEATHER .
v ' Fair
' ' - - I 1 1
r II :.
otfensive in west
Extraordinary Nervousness and Depression Prevail Be
yond Rhine in Consequence of Reports That Army
Is Unable to Continue March of Victory to
V British Channel Ports.
London, April 28. A telegram from Reuter's correspond
ent at Amsterdam say X '., ' f
"Extraordinary nervousness and depression prevail in Ger
many owing to the losses in the western offensive, revealed with
remarkable frankness ih an article by Captain von Salzman in
the Vossische Zeitung, in which he endeavors to restore their
lost confidence to the Germans by emphasizing the importance
of the character of Kemmel HilL
ALARMING RUMORS CURRENT?
' . '"Captain von Salzman enumerates
. t few of the series of rumors current
. ta Germany. All these stories are
' .prefaced by the remark 'In the
Reichstag it is said,' and go on to say:
"Our losses have been enormous.
The offensive in the west has arrived
at a deadlock. The enemy is much
stronger than the supreme command
assumed. We are unable to continue
the offensive owing to lack of horses.
The region before Ypres. is a great
lake, and therefore impassable. The
whole country between our Amiens
' front and Paris is mined and will be
blown up.' .
PEOPLE 'LOSING NERVE.
i "The people," continues Salzman;
f'have begun to lose their nerve. Re
plying in the Reichstag, the minister
of war said something like this:
"It goes without saying that there
are big losses in such a struggle. Our.
;,: losses in one part of the front have
' . been very heavy. Two-thirds of the
company leaders in many regiments
"It isN said that a certain deputy
thereupon told his electors in a north
German town: ,
' "The minister of 'war has onlyde-
dared our losses to be so "heavy that
the offensive must be abandoned,
i 664.104 Germans Missing.
' s Speaking before the main committee
of the German Keichstag friaay, ac-
. cording to von Waerts, Geueral von
Risbere stated that on March di, last,
the number of-Germans missing had
reached a total of 664.104. Of this
number, he said. 236,676 were prison
ers in France: 119,000 in England
: 157,000 in Russia and Rumania and
, the remainder could be regarded as
... lead. ' -
EMPRESS ZITA' S
: MOTHER EXPELLED
. Paris, April 28. The Princess
Marie Antoinette, mother of Empress
Zita. has been ordered to leave Aus
, tria within 24, hours and not reenter
' that country until the termination of
the war, according to a dispatch trom
Empress Zita has been blamed by
the oro-German party m her hus
band's empire as being responsible
tor emperor Charles' now famous let
. ter to Prince Sixtus of Bourbon, his
I brother-in-law, ' in which he made
overtures for peace to France.
". A.. ':
Harry Delamatre Given
' -Commission as Lieutenant
Harry Delamatre, son . of C. . W,
Delamatre, Omaha, has won his com-
misson as : second "leutenant at the
Fort Omaha balloon school, having
. passed all his examinations success
fully. -V' .-: :
- Young Delamatre is an attorney
who gave up his practice to do his
bit for Uncle Sara. He was gradu
ated from the Omaha -High school
" ind subsequently from the University
Df Omaha. Later he studied law and
titer his admssion to the bar, formed
. i partnership with his father. This
continued until he elisted and went
' Into training forJalloon work.
Nebraska Generally tair Monday
and Tuesday, except probably showers
in east portion Monday; warmer
Tuesday. " . . , ,
Temperature la Omaha Yesterday.
S a. Hi....... 34
7 a. m.
' I a. m. .
"I a. m. .
10 a. m..
11 a. m. .
1 p. in . .
1 p. m . .
1 p. m. .
4 p. ra. .
6 p. m
t p. m ...40
7 p. m 41
S p. m. ii
i Comparative Local Beeord.
- ' J91S. 191T. 19U. JJ15.
flllhaat yterdty ;. 60 43 Ct 18
Leweat turterdt.y ... 14 33 44 (0
.Mean temprratur .. 42 38 68 74
traclpltatlon .22 1.24 .00 .00
Temperature and precipitation depar
tnrea from the normal:
Normal temperature 66
. Defflclency for the day.,,.. 14
r total ezoesa Vnce March 1, 1J1T. 270
) Normal precipitation .T 13 Inch
Ezceaa tor the day t ............. .00 Inch
Total preclpltat'on slnch Mar. 1,. 1.67 Inches
Deficiency etnee March 2.41 Inches
Bxceea for cor. period. 1917. .....1.08 Inches
PeflciOACT for cor period. 191... 2.10 Inches
U m WSXSH, Meuorolojlst.
ITS CONTROL IN
Country Virtually Turned Over
to Japanese by Acceptance
of Demands, Declares
' (By Associated Press.)
Shanghai, Wednesday, April 28.-
The statement is made in' the first
issue--of the Shanghai Gazette that
the Chinese government has agreed
to new demands made by Japan,
which are of such a nature that the
country has virtually been turned
over to the Japanese. The Gazette
asserts it has been informed by a
high official at Peking that the Japan
ese demands, are far .more serious
than those in group V of the famous
21 demands made by Japan in 1915.
"Notwithstanding the fact that the
utmost secrecy is being observed,"
says the Gazette, "it may be Stated
safely . that the following is not far
from the true terms of the agree
"Chinese expeditionary forces sent
to Siberia shall be commanded by a
"Chinese police shall be organized
by Japanese officers.
"Japan shall control all of China's
arsenals and dock yards.
"Japan shall have the privilege of
working mines in all parts of China.
"Special privileges shall be granted
to Japan in Outer and Inner Mongolia
and the whole of Manchuria."
ON TOUL SECTOR
With the American army in France,
Saturday, April 27. The enemy laid
down a heavy barrage in front of the
American trenches in the Toul sector
at 3 o'clock this morning, the bom
bardment lasting an hour.
After an interval of silence, he re
peated the performance and half an
hour later the German infantry started
for the American lines. I So intense
was the American counter attack, that
the enemy was repulsed without get
ting close enough to be engaged -by
the American infantry
. The Germans have been striooina
thebodies of dead French soldiers in
other sectors, and wearing their
clothes, have come ove r at the point
where the French and American lines
Safe at Troy Laundry
Blown; $200 in Cash Stolen
The safe at the Trov laundrv. 2117'
Cuming street, was blown open Sat
urday night. More than $200 in cash,
$25 worth of thrift stamps and sev
eral papers were stolen. The rob
bers escaped. v
Democracy and Autocracy Now In
Death Grip, Declares Lloyd George
,.. : v -(By Associated Presf) , ' '' v ,J-
' ' London, April 28. In a special preface to a volume containing
extracts from the prime minister's war speeches, Mr. Lloyd George
"I never believed that the war would be a short war or that in some
mysterious way, by negotiation or compromise, we could free Europe
from the malignant military autocracy which is endeavoring to trample,
it into submission and moral death. .
"I always believed that the machine which has established its
despotic control over the minds and bodies 'of its victims and has
then .organized and driven them to slaughter, in order to extend that
control to the rest of the world, woul4 only be destroyed if free
. people proved themselves strong and steadfastjsnough to defeat its
. attempt in arms. ' - - . . -..
"The events of the last few weeks must have made it plain to
every thinking man that there is no longer room for compromise
between the ideals for which we nd our enemies stand. Democracy
and autocracy have come to the death grip; one or the other will
fasten its hold on mankind. ' ? - . -
"I have no doubt that freedom will triumph. But whether it will '
be soon or late, after a final supreme effort in the next few months,
' or long drawn agony, depends On the vigor and self sacrifice with which
the children of -liberty, especially those behind the lines, dedicate -themselves
to the struggle. 7 ''.
There is no time for ease, delay or debate. The call is imperative;
the choice is clear. It is for each free citizen to do his part"
OF KNIGHTS' HUT
Archbishop Delivers Patriotic
Sermon at Fort Crook, Where
Order of Columbus Opens
Building to Soldiers.
Solemn high mass and patriotic' ad
dresses marked formal dedication of
the Knights of Columbus hut at Fort
Crook Sunday. Archbishop' Harty
presided, delivering a short patriotic
sermon. The opening words of the
epistle were:, "Every best gift and
every perfect gift conies from .God."
"We have this morning hrown the
mantle of religion around this spaci
ous building," said the archbishop. "If
the Knights of Columbus succeed in
tljis endeavor to show you that your
bodies are the temples of God and
that you must keep them clean and
undefiled, they will have accomplished
their object. This structure was
builded with a three-fold purpose, to
promote the social betterment, to
make for the mental development, and
to effect the moral development of the
boys at this post.
"I am satisfied that we are to win
this war through the moral forces be-1
hind our physical strength, lhat tx
plains our presence here today.
, . - Gratitude Expressed.
"The archbishop wants to testify
to his gratitude to the Knights of
Columbus for this great work. You
have the gratitude of parents; you
have the gratitude of the army and
navy, and you have the gratitude of
the country for this edihee. It will
helo to develop the flower of our man
hood quartered here, and ftpm this
altar the young men shall go forth
with God backing them.
"The Knights of Columbus have
helped to unify this country, and with
the slogan of loyalty, seli-sacrihce
devotion and intense interest in the
waf, have helped to show the men that
we are with them. Mav uod send on
the president of the United States His
Dtessea iigni; on our men in tne
blood-soaked trenches His spiritual
strength, and may His divine grace
follow those transports or men now
on the way to the other side." '
Following the mass, George F.
Corcoran. York, presented the build
ing on behalf of the Knights of
4Duty Is Done.
"This is a red letter day- in our
order." said Judge Corcoran. "Last
fall we started a campaign throughout
the state for $75,000 to build huts
where the national organization
deemed the forts too small. The re
sult vou know. The same results al
ways follow an appeal to the patriotic
citizens' of this state. Everybody, of
all sects, crdeds and nationalities
gave their bit, with the result that we
raised $225,000. We built this build
ing with a part of that money. We are
building others. We now turn the
structure over to you, colonel, our
duty is done. No cast of creed or
religion is to stop a man at its portals.
It is open to all enlisted men at this
fort, and may it aid you in the moral
and physical uplift in the Forty-first
Colonel Hite responded, expressing
his appreciation. of the gift. "It's a
godsend, and its benefits will be car
ried to the front rank trenches." said
T. J. Doyle, Lincoln, delivered a pa
triotic address, says: "I'm going to
talk to you from my heart. The doings
of this day have brought home to us
wondertul lessons in patriotism, the
holy sacrifice of mass signifies that
faith in Godis still alive. The sing
ing of the national anthem at its close
proves religion and patriotism to be
inseparable. No American. can be a
true Catholic and not be 100 per cent
patriotic. This flag has stood for ex
alted ideals. Have you- ever stopped
to think what we are fighting for?''
Assisting Archbishop Harty at the
mass were Bishop McGovern, Chey
enne, and 10 priests of the Omaha
diocese. A mixed choir sang the mass
under the direction of Mary McShane.
The hut was taxed to capacity with
soldiers and civilians. Fifty young
women from' Mount St. Mary's
academy were present v '
v WV.IW.IIV.I .mp.WfVU
St. Paul, Minn.. April 28. Slight
improvement in the condition of
Archbishoo John Ireland was re
ported by his physicians this evening.
Map Showing Ypres Region
TVhere Germans Advance
e' ' f. MltOULIM jT
- , . IB E f i pft
I 3 v' XMHu
The Germans attacked on a
of thirteen miles between the linked
arrows (3) in the renewal of their
drive. They have been repulsed with
heavy losses on the flanks, but in the
center succeeded in taking the little
strip in solid black, including Villers
Bretonneux, which they lost later
after bitter fighting. At (1) Germans
captured Kemmel hill,
The advances of the Germans in
DEALER, IS DEAD
Aged Member of Leading Firm
and Long Time Resident of
Nebraska Succumbs to
Attack of Grippe.'
Nathan Merriam, who has lived in
Omaha 40 years, died Sunday after
noon at his home in the Beaton apart
ments after an illness of two months.
Two months ago he took a severe
cold that developed into grippe. He
partially recovered and was out and
at his office. A relapse followed and
he failed rapidly. He was 68 years
At the time of his death, Mr. Mer
riam was the head of the Merriam
and Millard Elevator company. jHe
had been in the grain business since
his arrival in Omaha and was one of
the first men to operates grain ele
vator in Nebraska. He was the first
man to erect a grain elevator in Om
aha and was always successful in his
business. He was one of the incor
porators of the Omaha Grain ex
change and was one of the associa
tion directors for many years.
Mr. Merriam was prominent in re
publican politics and was a leader in
the Roosevelt wing ot the party. He
was a delegate to the last national
convention of the progressive party(
held in Chicago. He was a candidate
for congress on the progressive ticket
ur. Merriam was norn in xiew
Hampshire in 1849. He was grad i
uated from Dartmouth college,
Omaha he was prominently connected
with club affairs, being a member oj
the Chamber of Commerce, OmahJ.
rlnh University club and Countrt7'
Merriam is survived by h
Sard? OmahT an"' Mr? Harry)
Diehl, wife of a British naval orhcer.
She lives in London. ,
Funeral of Mrs. John M. Brady
To Be Held This Afternoon
The funeral of Mrs. John M. Brady
will take olace at the family home,
Y362& Jackson street, at 2:30 this after
noon, Kev. I. j. MacKey omciaiing.
The following will be pall bearers:
W. H. McCord, G. W: Wattles. Lu
ther Drake, F. H. Davis, C. N. Dietz,
J. H. Wakefield, C. L. Deuel and A. B.
Burial,, which will be private, will
be at Forest Lawn,
Madison Nearly Doubles Quota.
Madison, Neb., April 28. (Specia
Telegram.) F. A. Peterson, 'county
chairman of Madison county . for the
third Liberty loan, announces" that
Madison ha subscribed nearly double
its quota to the loan! . The qubta was
$567,500 and the subscriptions up to
Sunday were over $1,000,000
the last few days on the northern
side of the salient created by their
drive in "Flanders, and particularly
the capture of Kemmel hill, have ren
dered it more difficult for the Brit
ish to maintain theif position on the
front between Ypres, as high ground
to the south as well as to the north
east now is in possession of the Ger
mans. It has been expected that if
the allies did not recapture Kemmel
'hill they would evacuate YpTes.
Widely' Known Railroad Attor
ney and Leading Citizen of
Atchison, Kan., Passes
Away at His Home.
Bailey P. Waggonef, first citizen of
Atchison, Kan., and for 40 years gen
eral solicitor for the lines of the
Missouri Pacific railroad company in
Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri and Colo
rado, died at his home yesterday in
Bailey Waggoner attracted the at
tention of Jay Gould 40 years ago and
impressed the great railroad mani
pulator with his legal acumen. He
was given a responsible place in the
legal department of the Missouri Pa
cific system and figured in important
cases for that corporation.
When the populists were in power
in iKansas, Waggoner,, by his popu
larity prevented much discriminatory
He has been an invalid for eight
years or more and several times his
life has been despaired fA. He was
a great lover of children and his
birthday, annually, was observed as
a holiday in Atchison. He chartered
circuses, engaged picnic: grounds and
broueht his small euests in from all
over that section in chartered trains.
Everything from soda pop to lunch
wasjree. One birthday celebration
wajFdvhen he felt that he was
oii3ideath bed. '
j Tword of his death
la i thin citv hv T
A. C. Ken-
isistant solicitor of the Mis-
" J J '
Jfic, with notice that' his
'would take place Tuesday
at 3 o'clock.
9 Waggoner had a large ac
,. hce among leading attorneys
.usiness men of Omaha,
K Mexican Tr00PS
Gathering on Texas Border
Marfa, Tex., April 28. Mexican
fedefal troops continued to arrive in
the Ojinaga district, opposite the Big
Bend today, reports to military head-
?uarters showed. Four regimenjs of
ederal infantry ' arrived a San
Antonio Viejo, near the American
border. A cavalry force in command
of General Pablo Ganzales reached
Ojinaga, opposite Presidio, Tex., late
yesterday and General Gonzales has
assumed command of the Ojinaga
district. Federal troops from the
Casas Grandes district of western
Chihuahua were also reported today
to be moving into the district opposite
the Big Bend and forces from
Juarez are known to have been
ordered east toward Ojinaga.
All of these troops are virtually
without food supplies and there is
much suffering reported among the
soldiers and their, women camp fol
lowers. The troops arriving , in
Santonio Viejo were reported to be
in a starving condition.
ON YPRES FRONT
x . , . ., ,':.: ',..
Voormezeele Retained by. British After Changing Hand
Several Times; Germans Obtain Foothold in Locre,
But Are Defeated in Attempts to Pierce
French Line at Several Points.
(By AssociatedPreas.) " f
The entire allied line in France and Flanders still stands
firmly. Nowhere have the Germans been able to make a fur
.1 1 I . ..v . - ' .
mer aenc in iu , , ,
Hard fighting has been in progress on the Ypres sector
around Voormezeele and to the south of Locre. Both placet
have several times changed hands, but at last reports Vroom
ezeele had been retained by the British, but the Germans had
obtained another foothold in Locre. !
Vroomezeele was taken by the Germans Saturday, but the
British in a counter attack won it back and since have held it,
inflicting heavy casualties on the Germans in renewed efforts to
take the place. . v . , -.
IN FLANDERS, SAYS
Teutons Closing in on Ypres,
Berlin Claims; French De
feat Attacks near Rheims,
St. Mihiel and Luneville:'
(By AmHiclatrd Pre.it)
Berling, Saturday (via London),
April 27. The British have made a
retirement on the Flanders front be
fore Ypres, it was announced official
ly' this evening. The statement says
the Germans have advanced their line
from a point southwest of Lange-
1 marck (four and one-half miles north
east of .Ypres) to veriorennoeic (two
miles to the northeast of the city),
Hooge (two miles to the east) and
Zillibeke (two miles to the south'
The statement follows:
"The English' have left in our
hands further parts of the territory
in Flanders. We have reached a line
from southwest of Langemarck to
Verlorenhoek, Hooge and Zillibeke."
1 British Occupy New Line.
Berlin "(via London)? April 28. The
official communication from German
headquarters today reads: ' .
"On the battlefield of Flanders the
enemy has withdrawn to lines behind
thnart which he had been oceuovinfif.
South of Langemarck, hr withdrew
over the Steenbach, east of Ypres, into
his positions of Autumn, 1914, and
near Zillibeke still further behind
"In close pursuit we forced the en
emy many times to fight.' As a result
we captured Belgians and many huq
dreds of English.
"We have reached the line south
west of Langemarck, on the western
bank of the bteenbach, of Verloren
hoek, Hooge, Zillibeke and Voorme
"The double hill SO, so heavily con
tested in past years, isPin our posses
"There has been strong artillery
activity in the Kemmel sector, After
the repulse ofv counter attacks car
ried out by the French on the even
ing- of April 26 against the western
slope of the mountain, our infantry,
on its own resolve, pressed forward.
"On the northern bank of the Lys
the-enemy's thrusts failed. Here, as
in a successful engagement northwest
of Festubert, we took English pris
oners. Strong JBritish attacks near
Givenchy were repulsed.
"On the battlefield on both sides of
the bomme the righting activity was
restricted to retfonnaisancci and
temporarily reviving dueltf. At Han-
(Contlnaed on Tmge Two, Column Two.)
New U.S. Aircraft Chief
' VI. ,f, 7,
jr.OHK . D. RYAM
John D. Ryan of. New' York,' has
been appointed director of airchaft
production for the army. Mr. Ryaa
is a ctfpper magnate and financier. He
developed the Anaconda and other big
I 1 '
O . ATTACKS REPULSED.
The Germans have tried at several
points along the front held by the
French to fierce the line, but every,
where have been repulsed, notably in
the 2t Mihiel and Luneville sectors,
where recently American troops were
stationed. Whether the Americans
again came into combat with the, en
emy was not vouchsafed by the
French official communication.
The big guns of the French and the
Germans have been carrying out
mighty reciprocal bombardments all
along the entire vfront over that of
Saturday and it is npw evident jhat.
the Germans are not prepared for tht
present to resume the offensive which
has cost them so dearly in the men
killed, wounded or made prisoners.
Reports coming by way of London
are that in Germany-there is, much
perturbation over the inability of the
to , pierce the allieduluMJ.
and nervous depression over the enor
mous losses the Germans have suf-'
fered. : ---, -
" Artillery Active in Italy.
The operations in the Italian thea
ter continue of a minor character...
Likewise in Macedonia comparativ ,
quiet prevails, although there has
been considerable shelling of oppos
ing positions by the artilleries and
aerial bombing craft. Near Vetrenik,
the Serbians carried out a successtui
attack against. the Bulgarians and an
nihilated the section theyJield.
' Nothing new has come through '
either Jn the way of confirmation or
ucmai ot mc rcpoiis in circulation -Saturday
that a counter revolution
had broken out in Fetrograd and that
Grand Duke Alexis Nikolaievitch had
be proclaimed emperor of Russia.
TO GERMANY ON
London, April 28. Holland has
yielded to Germany's demands con
cerning transport and the supply of
sand and gravel, although it is un-t
derstood that the 'amount of sand
and gravel will be limited instead of
unlimited, according to a- dispatch ,
from The Hague to the Daily Mail,
dated Sunday. ;
It is added that a general under
taking will be required from Germany
that the sand and gravel will not be
used for military purposes.
Rumors are current in the Dtftch
capitol, the dispatch adds, thata Dr. '
John Loudon, minister of - foreign
affairs, will resign. These it is said,
are based on the supposition that he ,
could not retain office now that his
undertaking respecting the gravel
must be revoked. ' j ; -
In summerizing the situation, the '
dispatch continues, it is felt that the '
crisis with Germany has ( passed, al
though the solution is in no wise an
ideal one for Holland. .
Alliance Wins Honors
State Oratorical Contest
Fremont,. Neb April 28. (Special
Telegram.) In the state high school
oratorical contest held at Meade Fri
day night Tordan Robinson of Alli
ance won first place and bturdevant
of Chadron was awarded second
place. Robinson's subject was "Wil- ,
son'sTributc to Lincoln."
Woman Suffrage Bill
Defeated in Sweden
Stockholm, April "28. After a lonR
debate the first chamber of parliament
has rejected a bill calling for woman
suffrage. The vote was 62 to 36.
Carmelite Head Dies.
Ensrlewood. N. J.. April -28. Tlu "
Very Rev Pius Mayer, general of th
Carmelite order and one of the mpst
widely known Catholic clergymen, in .
the country, died here todav of
paralysis, age 70 years. 1 , ; '
' ....... . y . k
Meets Death in Race.
Paris, April 28. The French bicycle
rider, Darragon,fell during, a race al -the
Velodrome today and was instaa
W lrJll.rf -