Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 20, 1918, NEWS SECTION, Image 1

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    A' '
SiEtiitfkDAii' Bee
PAGES 1 TO 12 "
" Unsettled
VOL. XLVH NO. 263.
On Trtlm, it Hottli.
Newt 8tdi. Etc.. to.
Cl . , 2 :,- ?
Washington Expects General
. Foch Soon to Launch Counter
Offensive That May Bring
Allies Great Victory.
(By Associated Trt.)
Washington, April 19. Events on,
the western battle front are shaping
themselves, officers here believe, not
only for defeat of the German drive,
but for a counter offensive by General
Foch's armies that may open the road
to an allied military victory.
A wave of optimism swept today
over not only American officials, but
also the military men of the allied
missions in Washington. Some of
them think it will be some days yet
before General Foch can complete
his troop dispositions 4or a great
thrust at the enemy, but others look
for word that he has struck at any
time. 1
The news from the battle front was
distinctly cheering. The British lines
in the hard-stricken Flanders front
were holding firmly. French rein
forcements had arrived there, making
practically certain that the German
drive toward the channel ports from
that direction has been defeated.
At the same time official announce
ment came from Rome that Italian
troops were already pouring into
France to share in the crucial struggle
there. This added to the optimism,
for it mfans that the fighting men of
France, Italy, Great Britain, America,
Belgium, Portugal and the Russian
units are being masked under one
leader for a "mighty blow when the
time -comes.
Troops to Push Over Seas.
There were many indications today
of increased pressure toward getting
American troops over seas in time to
share fully in the battles this summer
on which may rest the final issue.
, Secretary Baker conferred for sev-
:ral hours with President Wilson, the
regular cabinet meeting being can
celled to clear the way for the con
ference which had to do with both
immediate and future steps for ac
celerating American participation in
the struggle.
At his office later Mr. Baker was
in conference with Lord Reading,
British ambassador. The -subject of
their conversation concerned expedit
ing the movement of American troops
to the theater of war.
As to plans for expediting war
preparations on this side, Mr. Baker
would make no conrmcnt.
May Give Ford New Post.
The report has been current for
many days that William C. Potter,
now in charge of signal' corps pro
duction, will be elevated to a higher
and more authoritative post, with
similar duties. It was rumored today,
.oo, that Henry Ford might be
selected to handle airplane production
much in the way that jCharles M.
Schhwab has been placed in charge
of ship building.
From reports of the battle progress,
officers pointed to the appearance of
French reinforcements in the northern
sector of the Flanders line as indi
cating more than a defensive meas
ure. The troops must have faced hard
days of marching to reach their post,
but it was said that had the move
ment been only to back up the British
lines, it would have been more logical
and quicker for them to have gone
into the south, relieving British divi
sions to support their comrades in
The Weather
For Nebraska Fair in west, un
settled in east portion Saturday;
slightly warmer; Sunday fair and
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
Hour. - Veg.
5 a. m 43
6 a. m 42
7 a. m 43
8 a. in 42
9 a. m. . . .' 41
10 a. m 40
11 a. m 39
13 m , 40
1 p. m. 38
2 p. m 36
3 p. m 36
4 p. m 37
6 p. m 36
5 p. m. 35
7 v. m 36
I p. m 4
Comparative T-ocal Record.
1918. 19U. 1816 1915.
Highest yesterday .. 43 75 75 82
Lowest yesterday .. 34 45 53 56
Mean temperature .. 38 60 64 69
Precipitation 05 .33 .31 .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
, from the normal:
Normal temperature ". 31
Deficiency for the day 14
Total excess since March 1 339
Normal precipitation 09 Inch..
Heffclency for the day 04 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1. .. .1.26 Inches
deficiency since March 1 1.85 inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1917.. .38 Inch
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916. .1.32 Inches
- KeporU From Stations at 7 P. M.
Station and State Temp. High- Raln
of Weather. T p. m. est. fall,
Theyenne, part cloudy.. 30 s 30 .04
Davenport, cloudy..,.. 36 38 .00
Denver, cloudy 34 36 ' .04
Des Moines, cloudy 42 fl T.,
Dodge City, rain. ...... 38 42 .04
Lander, cloudy 30 38 .02
North Platte, cloudy... 44 48 .02
tnaha, rain... 34 43 .05
t'uIlo, part cloudy., . .. 38 42 .00
Rapid City, cloudy ..... 36 . .02
Suit Lake City, rain.. 42 63 T.
Santa Fe, snow 34 44 .el
Sheridan, clear.... 38 38 .20
Sioux City, cloudy 42 42 T.
Valentine, cloudy 4n 42 .j ( 1
"T" Indicates trace of precipitation.
, U A. WELSH. Meteorologi' 1
Miss Updike to Wed Young
Army Man
Betrothal cards for Miss Hazel
Updike and Lieutenant Nathan
Reasoner, stationed at Fort Omaha,
were issued Friday. Miss Updike is
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson
B. Updike.
1 The romance is one of the Fort
Omaha canteen where Miss Updike
is an active Red Cross worker. She
attended the Bennett school at Mil
brook, N. Y., and was one of the
princesses of Ak-Sar-Ben's court at
the last coronation ball.
Lieutenant Reasoner is a Hastings
man and was graduated from the
University of Nebraska. No wed
ding plans have been announced.
Slight Dash of Beautiful in
Omaha, But Southern States
Feel Brunt of Cold
Winter yesterday paid a belated
visit into the midwest and southwest
and spread snow and falling tempera
tures from Nebraska and Kansas into
Texas. It also brought, however,
generous rainfall over the wheat belt
and greatly benefited Nebraska
At Dalhart, Tex., it was reported
that snow was falling throughout that
section and had extended northward
into Oklahoma. Fruit growers of that
portion of Texas and Oklahoma are
said to fear considerable damage wili
be done to fruit trees.
Rain or snow was reported general
ly in Kansas. The heaviest fall was
reported from . Salina west to the
Colorado line. Slight dashes of snow
fell in Omaha during the evening.
Minister Refuses to
Sing National Anthem;
Mob Burns His Church
Berkeley, Cal., April 19. The
Church of the Living God, a large
canvas tabernacle, used by a re
ligious sect here, was burned down
tonight by a mob of men and boys
because the pastor, Josiah Sykee,
and his elders refused to lower the
American flag at sundown and join
with the congregation in singing
the national anthem.
Coming Next Sunday
- - IN
A Thrilling, Fighting Story of a Fight
ing Yankee, Written By Fight
ing Arthur Mack.
The American boy who has served seven-,
teen months in the trenches, buried alive in '
mud, gassed, .wounded three times in "one
day, but he is still able to relate to the read
ers of THE BEE a remarkably human story
of the great war.
Order the
Sunday Bee Today
and don't miss a single chapter of this grip
ing War Story, which really depicts what
a soldier goes through "OVER .THERE."
How Engineers Aided British
Told in Pershing's Reports;
Npl Make Splendid Read
ing' Says Baker.
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, April 19. General
Pershing's report of the gallant con
duct of American engineer troops with
the British fifth army in helping
check the German advance in the early
days of the great offensive, reached
the War department late today and
was made public by Secretary Baker.
"It will make splendid reading for
Americans," said the secretary, -CASUALTIES
Losses of the period from March
21 to April 3, during which the en
gineers consolidated and held a sub
sector of the British lines against re
peated assaults, were given as two offi
cers killed and three wounded; 20 men
killed and 52 wounded, and 45 missing.
It is believed by the British authori
ties that some of those reported miss
ing were not captured, but that many
were separated from their command
and are now with other British or
ganizations. Praised by British Officers.
General Perishing's report says:
I he commanding omcer ot a
United States engineers' regiment has
received a copy of the following letter,
comr.isndinf jjie action of the troops
of his regiment:
"'I desire to convey to you and
ranks under your orders my admira
tion of the splendid service which
you and they rendered. Thanks to
the untiring energy of officers, non
commissioned officers and men, who
have risen to the occasion in a man
ner beyond all 'praise, and their gal
lantry, much of what nvght othci-w-se
have fallen into the, enemy's
hands has been saved.
'"I should like to add my own ap
preciation of the excellent service
rendered by the officers, non-commissioned
officers and men of the light
railroad service of this army directo
rate in connection with the present op
eration. Will you be good enough to
acquit all ranks serving under you of
the appreciation t6 their untiring
Manned Sector of Line.
"Certain units of United States en-
! gineers serving with a British army.
between March 21 and April S, while
under shell fire, carried out destruc
tion of material dumps at Chauline,
fell back with British forces to
Moreuil, where the commands laid
out trench work, then proceeded to
Demuin and were assigned a sector
of defense line which was constructed
and manned by them, thence moved
to a position in the line near War-fusee-Abancourt
and extending to
north side of Boise De Toillauw. The
command started for this position on
March 27 and occupied it until April
3, during this time the commanding
officer of a unit of United States en
gineers being in command of the sub
sector occupied by his troops. This
command was in more or less con-tinunt-s
action during its stay in this
position. (5n April 3 the command was
ordered to fall back to Abbeville."
American Army Aviator
Meets Death in Battle
New York, April 19. Word that
Captain James E. Miller, United
States aviation corps, previously re
ported missing, was killed in action
in France, was received here today
from the War department by tbe
Columbia Trust company, of which he
was vice president. Captain Miller,
three weeks ago, was sein to drop
with his machine behind the German
lines. Miller joined the flying serv
ice in June, 1917. He was 36 years
Hines Made General.
Washington, April 19, Colonel
Frank T. Hines of the general staff,
national army, was nominated today
by President Wilson to be a brigadier
Washington, April 19. The
third Liberty loan campaign
will be half over tomorrow and
indications are that half of the
$3,000,000,000 minimum total
will be subscribed. This record,
although better than that of the
first or second loans does not
satisfy treasury officials entire
ly, because they actually are
aiming at a $5,000,000,000 loan
with twenty million subscribers.
Pledges will have to roll in
much faster in the remaining
two "weeks than in the past to
pass the higher mark. ,
The total reported tonight to
headquarters here was $1,204,
714,250, an addition of $114,979,
350 within the last day, covering
subscriptions received at banks
together witn the initial 5 per
cent payment up to the close of
business last night. ,
An encouraging element of
the figures to date is' the-belief
that many millions have been
pledged without being secured
by these first payments and con
sequently have not been count
ed by banks.
Terrific Losses Sustained in
Thursday's Fighting Necessi
tate Reorganization of
Battered Forces.
(By Associated Frw.)
With the British Armies in. France,
April 19. Along the northern battle
front at noon today the Germans
were still resting on their arms after
the bitter defeat they suffered yester
day in their great drive. Up to that
hour they had not recovered suf
ficiently to make any further threati
in this line and they were rushing
the reorganization of their badly ham
mered forces.
Each successive report gives further
confirmation of the terrific losses sus
tained by the assulting infantry dur
ing yesterday's sanguinary struggle.
Between Givenchy and Fcstubert, the
ground this morning was strewn with
German dead and at many other
points on the long front of action ex
cessive casualties were inflicted by the
British artillery and machine gun fire,
wnicn mowed down tne unnappy
storm troops in countless numbers.
Swim Canal to Surrender.
In the neighborhood of Robecq,
many Germans threw away their rifles
and, swam the canal to the British
side to surrender when they could no
longer bear up under the stream of
machine gun bulltes which -was sweep
ing through them.
The British trench mortars also did
great execution, throwing their high
explosives into dense enemy ranks at
close range.
The German artillery bombardment
about Givenchy and from La Bassee
northward along the canal yesterday
morning, perhaps, set a new high
water mark for intensity. Veterans of
many battles declared they had never
seen anything like it, although many
records have been broken since the
offensive began March 21.
Mayor Dahlman, Hummel, Wlthnell
and Parks to Make Race Together
Mayor Dahlman and Commissioners
Hummel, Parks and Withnell tyve
agreed to mkae , the race to
gether and to form the nucleus of
what will be the administration
ticket for the election on May 7.
The other candidates on this ticket
probably will be Roy N. Towl,
Thomas Falconer and Tom Reynolds.
The city hall political engineers be
lieve, that the perstflinel of their
ticket will have been definitely decid
ed before today's sun sinks behind
the western hills. v
"You may state that we will have
a full ticket of seven men," stated
Tom O'Connor, speaking for the ad-
j ministration.
Towl, wtio Ts Teing considered by
I the administration, is 'on the ticket
'of the antis. Falconer made the pri-
m if i - r O in lull fir A n riant1 ontifli'..
inai a av.v. a9 i inuifv'uvii tauui-
date and was put over by an organi
zation which was devoted exclusively
to his cadidacy. Reynolds was high
man 06 fne Working Men's Nonparti
san and Economic league's primary
Commissioner Jardine will not be
on either the administration or aoi
tickets. He was elected three years
ago as an anti-administration can
didate, the late John C. Dre.rel going
in with him at that election.
The so-called citizens' combination
of candidates has decided to make the
race with a complement of six men,
namely: Harry B. Zimnian, J. Dean
Ringer, W. G. Ure, Roy N. Towl. Ed
P. Smith and Henry F. Wulf. They
could not agree on a seventh candi
date to make the ticket a clear-cut
anti-administration proposition. Com
missioner Jardine, who seems in
clined to break away from the city
hall alliance, was considered for the
seventh place, but he was not taken
on. Thomas Falconer, and Cominis-
C;nti':rcl on Page Mne. Culumn Two.)
Ludendorff Beaten Unless He
Advances, View at Loncfon;
Early Resumption of Great
, Struggle Expected.
Yondon, April 19. (Special Cable
gram to New York Tribune and Oma
ha Bee.) The news from tht battle
front is the best for a month.
Since Tuesday the situation has
been steadily improving and today
Haig is able to report that his lines
are intact, that the Germans have
stopped their hammering tactics, and
that the British hold Che hills cover
ing the northward advance ( to the
It is safe to say that the first phase
of the battle of Armentieres is ended.
Ludendorff Taking Stock.
Ludendorff is taking stock of the
situation and he is finding 'that the
great thrust for the coast has losses
as well as gains.
Great Britain has bucked up. She
views the future confidently, she be
lieves her gallant forces have weath
ered the worst of the hurricane and
that death and destruction are what
l.iulendorff has gained for his invest
ment ot imj.uuu casualties and gigantic
supplies of ammunition.
lie has driven the British off hard
earned Passchendacle Ridge, he has
made a deep indentation to the west
of Armentieres, he has captured 150,
000 prisoners and a hundred or so
guns and forced the destruction of a
large quantity of stores, but his effort
for a break through has succeeded no
better than Haig's long campaign for
Passchendacle Ridge.
Both fell short of,lheir real ob
jective. 'lioth are so-called "near vic
tories'." Time Haig's Ally.
Liidendoiff's troops are further
from their bases and are forced to run
their communications tlirou&h the
barren, shell-torn areas east of Ypres
and west of Armentieres.
Tihe. is Haig's ally and Luden
dorff's groat enemy.
The French reserves are now
where they are most needed and Lu
dendorff has lost some of the initia
tive. The Germans are a little nearer the
coast, but nothing matters if they are
held where they now stand.
Ludendorff is beaten unless he ad
vances, Haig wins if he holds.
No sane person believes the Ger
mans have not more powerful blows
to deal, no cBserver is so optimistic
as to forecast a sudden turning in the
tide in favor of the allies.
The fighting season has just
opened and Ludendorff has figured
on a long campaign.
Rain, sleet and a bitterly cold wind
are driving across the northern
plains of France, but when the
weather changes, there is sure to be
a resumption of operations on" a
gigantic scale. In the last great en
emy attack between Rebecq and
Givenchy on a 10-mile stretch, GO.OOO
bayonets were employed, but the
British bent them back, exacting a
heavy toll and yielding only a- few
outpost positions.
The same story cortys from the
battlcfront south of Keninicl, where
the enemy came in waves which were
broken before reaching the British
lines. f
From the hills forming the Armen
tieres aniphiteatre the British and
French guns are pouring high ex
plosives among the enemy forces, a
feature Haig emphasized in today's
report. ,
When the'sccond phase begins it is
expected Ludendorff will have guns
across the Ypres-Comincs canal and
will try to develop an enfilading fire
upon tht Mount Kemniel positions
and the enemy will aim at out-flanking
the Ypri-; positions.
Burglars Frightened Away.
Burglars for the second time in a
week last night entered the store of
the Powell Supply company, 2051
Farnam street. The combination of
the safe was bent but nothing was
taken. .
Mrs. Charles H. Aull of Omaha New
Vide President Genefal of D. A. ?.
(Uy 'Amociated Vttm.)
Washington, April 19. Election
of seven vice presidents, general
featured tonight's ' session of the
annual continental congress of the
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, The new vice presidents, who
will hohf office until 1921, are:
Mrs. William N. Reynolds, North
Carolina; Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Mas-
tchusetts; Mrs. Charles H. Aull,
ebraska; Mrs. Andrew Fuller Fox,
Mississippi; Miss Stella Pickett
Hardy, Arkansas; Mrs. Benjamin F.
Purcell, Virginia; Mrs.' William A.
Guthrie, Indiana.
"Johnny" Lynch Reported
In Improved Condition
Former County Commissioner
"Johnny" Lynch, who is ill of pneu- j
monia at the home of his mother, 82fj
Forest avenue, is reported greatly ini- j
French Do Not Follow Up Blow Aimed at Apex of FoWr
Line in Picardy ; Britons Hold La Batse Front After 4
Fierce Fight; Lowlands Made Nearly .
Impassable by Rains. '
- BULLETIN. , . v ,
i "Amsterdam April 19. German torpedo craft bombarded
the coast between Dunkirk and Nieuport behind the allied
lines in Flanders yesterday morning, says an official statement .
from Berlin today.
(By Associated Press.) .-
Over the battlefields of France and Flanders, wjiere terrific
struggles have been waged almost without intermission since'
March 21, there has come what appears to be a lull. ,
Official reports say that the situation is unchanged, which
may Indicate that both sides are exhausted by their exertions in
the engagements thathave been fought or that they are busy;
btinging up artillery and fresh troops to renew the struggle. -
All Return Safely to Trenches
Through Barrage Fire After
Inflicting Some Casual
ties on Enemy.
With the American army in France,
April 19. Thirty American infantry
men, with the same number of French
troops, raided the German line on the
right bank of the Meuse this morn
ing, inflicting a number of casualties
on the enemy.
Ihe Americans found the enemy
trenches empty, but saw the bodies
of several Germans in the American
wire, apparently members of a work
ing party who had been caught in
the American barrage .
The enemy laid down a counter
barrage soon after the American
barrage started, but all the Americans
returned safely to their trenches.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Washington. April 19. (Special
Telegram.) Ward M. Burgess has
come to Washington on a hurry call
from Bernard M. ' Baruch to take
charge of the woolcn branch of the
dry goods and clothing division just
created in the war industries board.
Mr. Burgess will have general sup
ervision of the production and distri
bution of the woolen output of the
country. II? expects to be in Wash
ington for some time and is tempo
rarly located at the Shoreham hotel.
Mother Hacks Children
With Hafchet; Kills Two
St. Louis, April 19. Mrs. Kate
Skaggs' tonight chopped to death
with a hatchet her two children, Leo,
S years old, and Mary, 4 years old.
She then stuffed cotton in the throats
of her two other children, Cora, 9
months old, and Anna May, 3 year
old and, hacked them, seriously in
juring both. After attacking the
children she wroe a note blaming her
husband, Pserry Skaggs. She was
taken to the observation ward of the
city hospital. '
"Mr" rirero
Correspondents at the front tell of
the miserable weather cold and rain
and sleet to add to the already
known bad condition of the lowlands,
which are virtually quagmires,
through which the men and materials
can be moved only with difficulty. .
The opposing armies have ' been
fighting in a flat, marshy country .
since April 9, and this ground, dim- i
cult enough under normal conditions.
has been made still more nearly im- t
passable by rains and the tempest of ,
high explosive shells that has blasted
roads and fields. . . . , . '
It appears, however, that the Ger. .
mans have not repeated their thrust
along the line running north of Beth
une, where they met with a san-: 1
guinary repulse Wednesday and
Thursday. They employed about 75,- .
000 men along a line variously re
ported to be from six to .10 miles in. -length,
but gained little or no ground.
The La Bassee canal front is still in v
British hands and 'bridges flung '
across it by the Teutons have been
swept away by artillery fire. ,
. French Advance Halts. ' '
The blow aimed by the French at
the very apex of the Germanilines in .
entlyvlias not been followed up. It
is doubted that the allied counter of
fensivc when it -came, will
launched in this sector. Advices from
France would seem to indicate that
the blow would be struck at another
part of the hattle line. ' . . , ,'o
The southern end of the battle ',
front in France has shared in the
quiet that has enveloped other secy7
tors of the line. Only raiding opera- ,
tions and artillery duels are reported
there. ' '' ' . .
Italy Sends Reinforcements, . f
An interesting dispatch tells of thi
moving of Italian troops to France,
This would point to oneMf two de v
velopments. Either the Italian front i '
in no particular danger at (fie present '..
moment or else General Foch is call- "
ing every available man to swell the
army he will hurl at the foe when y
the moment for' battle arrives. It is
probable, however, that the force of -Italians
en route to the French front "
is comparatively small. ' ?
The German torpedo boat flotilla f
has been active along the coast seoi-i
tor of the battle line and has shelled
t Tinier Inn rtnciHrina tfirA Tkla -'3hi-w
foreshadow a German attempt to -'
drive westward through Nieuport. t
Paris Again Shelled. ; ?'
Long-range bombardment of Paris, V
had ceased for two days and it wa4 "
hoped that the French had found the
exact location of a heavy German gun '
and put it out of action. This hope,'
however, failed when the bombard-
ment of Paris was resumed Friday
evening. . -
The Turks are continuing their, ad-- "
vance and are approaching Kars, the -leading
city of one"of the districts ' -given
to Turkey under the Brest
Litovsk ! treaty. They are already
incontrol of Batum, where they cap- '
tured 3,100 men, of whom 600 were
officers. " . ;
In Italy, Macedonia, Palestne and
Mesopotamia no recent fighting has"
been reported. . s
- . . j
Davison Red Cross Party , S
. Feted at Bologna,. Itaiyr.
Florence, Italy, Thursday, April 'I8i-
H. P. Davison, chairman of the-'
American Red Cross war council, and
his party visited Bologna today. The j.,
were received at the station by tha.
city authorities,, a band and an en.
thusiastic crowd. ' , ;
General Segato gave a juncheon in:
honor of the Americans, Mr. Davison .
visited the American Red Crtss build-5
ing and saw the working of the sysf
tern of distribution there. : .'
The mayor of Florence, where Mr."
Davison spoke, yesterday, has issued
a decree that his, speech be read, in'
all "the schools. General Secco, the'i v
military commander, has ordered that '
Mr. Davison's speech be read to all?
the troops. . , ,. ' t
Sinn Feiner Elected. t
London, April 19. Dr. Thomas Mo
Carten has been elected without op
position to the House of Commom,
for the Tullarrfbre division of l:r!ms,
count v. Irelahd. He is a SinnFiiig
3f t
3:- -II