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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 16, 1918)
i ii . 1,1 i i
GREAT GERMAN. DRIVE
FAILS OF OBJECTIVES
Huge Conflict Rapidly Approac'iei the Turning Point;
Enemy's Effort to Win Decisive Strategic Success
Falls Through; Forced to Resume Old
' FINLAND CAPITAL
Helsingfors Captured After
Vigorous Encounter; British
Counter Attacks Tails,
Berlin Claims. '
Washington, April 15. The turning point in the battle on
'.he west front is being reached, says the War department's re
7iw of the military situation for the week ending April 13,
sublished today. The Germans have failed to achieve victory
in the field, the statement continues, and soon will be forced to
resume their bid tactics.
"We must bear in mind," the review says, "that the enemy
s waging a battle of annihilation to achieve victory. He is
Sghting today with the sole aim of annihilating the British arm
ies. Thus, terrain conquered counts for little.
FAIL OF AIMS.
"While it must be admitted that
German operations since the begin
ning of the present, offensive have re
sulted in more than a mers plough-
ing up of part of the allied trench
system and the capture of local ob
jectives along a wide front, neverthe
less the aim of' the German higher
command to obtain a decisive strate
gic success by these assaults has not
"The turning jtoint in the west Is
being reached. The Germans have
scored distinct advantage which it
would be unwise to belittle. Yet they
have failed in their great purpose to
achieve victory in the field and sqon
will be forced to resume their old
tactics, seeking to gain limited ob
jectives, striking first at one point,
then at another in order to render
the allied position untenable and give
'.hemselves greater security." - v "
ATTACKS WEAK POINT.
The review of operations follows:
"As time pase it becomes Evident
that the enemy is striking with re
newed vigor at the weakest point he
can find opposite him. .
"In the offensive in Picardy the
Germans sought for a rift in the line
where the French and British forces
joined. Failing to achieve any defi
nite, far-rea:hing results from this
operation, they promptly return to the
assault elsewhere and plunge forward
hoping that by driving a wedge into
the sector along the front held by
Portuguese and , British units they
may be able . roll the British to
wards the sea and effect a break
"This Is tha operation attempted
this week in the region of the famous
battle ground of the early days of the
war in frontpf Lille. ,
Penetrate British Line. '
"Here on a frontage of lfi.OOQyards
stretching from' Armentieres to the
La Bassee canal; the segment' held
by the Portuguese.troops. flanked on
either side by British divisions, was
penetrated after an intense borabard
ment. " ' ? , y J. 1 , !
"The hostile attack was favored by
a thick mist and, despite the fact that
the British fought tenaciously, they
were compelled to give ground after
the Portuguese positibns had been
broken through. They have since're
tired. abandoning Armentieres add
other points. t,
Germans Near Calais.
"The enemy- has made headway
along the La 'Bassee canal to within
the immediate vicinity of Bethune.
while other points northwest of the
city of considerable tactical import
ance have fallen' into the hands of
"On the first day of the assault the
enemy was able to penetrate to a
depth of fronj two and a quarter to
four miles on a front of 11 miles.
"On the second day the front of at
tack was extended to 20 miles, while
the impetus of the offensive was con
siderably slowed down and only able
to reach a maximum additional depth
of two and one-quarter miles. The
front of ttack has since been further
extended and the British have been
forced to' abandon positions to the
north ami south of the JLys and west
of the Lawev .
"The enemy now finds himself with
in 40 miles of Calais. The main lines
of communication to channel ports
radiate vertically from, this cattle
front and thus facilitate the German
"If the enemytan muster the driv
ing power it will, in all probability,
continue its assaults, hoping that by
an enveloping attack .on an oblique
front, to use the classic Prussian
definition, he may score a complete
annihilation victory. . ?
French Consolidate Line.
"There- has been; less activity along
ithc Southern flank of the Picardy sa
lient. Here the line taken over by
the French is now fully consolidated.
After the bloody battles which have
been raging jn the sfrea between Mont
didier and ftoyon, the enemy. fearing
a counter-attack along this flank of
their. new deeply curved salient, struck
repeated blows to give themselyes
tlbow room, south of the Qise.
"The Germans, . by stubborn and
costly driven thrusts, were able to
force the Fench out of the triangular
area formed by the Oise, the Ailette
and the old line stretching from La
Fere to Aniry le Chateau. ,
"On an approximate 12-mile front
the enemy advanced to a depth rang
ing from three to six miles. The
French contested every foot of the
ground, were able to check the
rnemy's onslaught and carry out
their carefully arranged plan for the
occupation of the line which they
now hold south of the Ailette.
German Attack Held.
"The German higher command also
made desterate attempts to enlarge
its gains in the area stretching from
Montdidier to Noyon i and improve
the position in this vicinity, but they
were everywhere repulsed bv the
French, who hold firm along this im
"North of the Somrne the British
-e-established their line in the Aveluy
woods and took a number of prison
ers. ' .:.. , , . , r
"Later In the week very heavy
bombardments developed in the
region east of , Noyon and north of
"In the sectors where our own
forces are fighting, considerable ac
tivity prevailed. After protracted ar
tillery preparations the Germans
1 "nc!;ed n attack atrainst our posi
( a..tior;livvc5t of Toul., Our artit
Iciy was able to disperse the assault-.
ing columns and checked the attack
before our lines were reached. Our
own infantry counter attacked and
drove off the remnants of the enemy
units. A number of prisoners were
taken. Our casualties were relative
Leave Nor,, . y-
Fremont, Neb., April 15. (Special
Telegram.) C. F. Davis of Pohocco,
a member of the Saunders County
Council of Defense, who led the early
activities in opposition to the Non
partisan league, said while in Fremont
that he believed the league has struck
the high ma-.fc in Saimdera county and
he looks for its Influence gradually to
dwindle. Many of its members are
quitting and ?re makingt public.
Mr. Davis said: '"The demonstra
tion at Wahoo, when citirens showed
clearly they would gd to any length
to stop the 'eague, opened, the eyes of
a good many people.
Berlin, Via London, April 15.
Geramn troops, supported by naval
i detachments, nave entered Helsing
fors, capital of Finland. This an
nouncement is made by general head
quarters. The official communication from
general headquarters says:
"On the Lys battle-field hand to
hand fighting frequently developed.
"Southwest b Neuve Eglise, as
well as between BailleuJ and Merrij,
Enslish machine gun nests were
cleared and their occupants made
frisonera. Enemy counter attacks
aunched from Bailleul and aorthwest
of Betsune broke down with heavy
"On the battle-field on both sides
of the Somme the artillery duels re
mained within moderate limits, the
weather being rainy.
"Eastern theater: After a vigorous
encounter with armed bands, our
troops which landed in Finland, sup
ported by detachments of our naval
forces, entered Helsingfors.''
Funeral J. P. Pickering.
Fairbury, Neb., April 15. (Special.)
The body of Joseph P. Pickering,
veteran of the civil war, was buried
in the Fairbury cemetery Monday. Mr.
Pickering wag 72 years old. He set
tled in this rcunty in 1869 on a home
stead near Powell. He had been in
the merchandise business at Hubbell,
Alexandria and Powell.
Many Attend Horse Show.'
Dunbar, Neb., April 15. (Special.)
More than 2,000 people attended the
pedigreed Pcrcheron horse sale at the
Frank A. Stooker farm at thisplace
Saturday. Buyers were here from all
over Nebraska as well as the adjoining
states of Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Mis
siouri. Expert horse auctioneers from
Chicago handled the sale.
DEAFT CALL FOR
MAY TO TAKE 113
MEN FROM OMAHA
The latest call for draft men, to
leave for training camps between May
1 and May 10, will take approximately
113 men from Omaha. They are divid
ed among the local boards asfollowa:
No. 1 18! No. 4 24
No. 2 21No. 5 .2G
No. 3 ....20No. 6 10
Combined with the call issued April
12, which takes approximately 250 men
from Omaha, 363 Omahans will leave
for training camps between April 25
and May 10.
The men draftld in the order of
April 15 willbe sent to Fort Mc
Dowell, Cal., Fort Logan, Colo., and
Other regular armv posts, where they
will receive their preliminary training
among veterans. According t the ad
vices from Washington no men will
be sent to Camp Funston.
The machinery of the Omaha
boards, which is now in smooth run
ning order, will find no difficulty in
having the men ready for service by
May 1. Local boards have received no
official word from Captain Andersbn
of Lincoln, provost marshal of Ne
braska. Rich Beatrice Man Alleged
To Have Refused to Buy Bonds
Beatrice, Neb., April 15. (Special.)
Because he is alleged to have re
fused to purchase Liberty bonds
Saturday from the committee in
charge of. the work here, John
Gerdes, an old resident of West
Beatrice, reputed to be worth nearly
$100,000, will be summoned to appear
before the Gage . County Defense
council. Mr. Gerdes stated that he
had given $5 to the Red Cross, and
had also bought thrift stamps.
The 16-yfar-old daughter of Rev.
T. B. Reents, pastor of the. German
Lutheran church in Hanover town
ship, received a scalp wound yester
day at her home by the accidental
discharge of a 22 caliber rifle, while
playing with one'of her companions.
She was brought here for treatment.
Rutgers Van Brunt, son of William
Van Brunt, has been promoted to first
class sergeant m the quartermasters
department at Camp Johnston, ,FIa.,
and has also received overseas equip
ment. Complaints have been filed against
Herman Brandt and Ed. Kelly by
Probation Officer Clark, charging
them with selling cigarets to Jesse
Murphy, a boy under 18 years.
Judge Pemberton yesterday grant
ed a divorce in the case of Vida Smith
against Rollin Smith. The plaintiff
was allowed alimony in the sum of
$25 per month.
Ray Scoggin, 12 years old, son of
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Scoggin, has shown
himself to be a patriotic little fellow
by buying a $50 Liberty bond. He
carries papers evenings after school
and earns his own money.
HISS WAR LORDS;
4 (Continued From Vage Onr.)
some doubt whether his pacifist man
euvers, were honest or were inspired
by Berlin in an effort to bring about
a split among the entente allies.
Sought Peace With United States.
Count Cxernin. on April 4, in an ad.
dress at Vienna, declared that Pre
mier Clemenceau had sought peace ne
gotiations with Austria. tThe French
premier replied that Count Czernin
lied. The French and Austrian offi
cers then issued statements explaining
the unofficial negotiations in SwiUfj
land Early last week the French govern
ment declared that Emperor Charles
and Count Czernin both had said that
the claim ofFrance to Alsace-Lorraine
was just. This brought a de
nial from Emperor Charles in the
form of a telegram to Emperor Wil
liam, to whom he reiterated his loy
alty to the German cause and de
nied that he had said France was jus
tified in wanting Alsace-Lorraine re
turned. This immeditely brought from the
French government the provision of
a letter from Emperor Charles to his
brother-in-law, Prince Sixtus of Bour
bon, which was autographed and
which the emperor asked be given to
President Poincare. .
Alsace for French. -
In the letter the ernperor said that
France should have AUace-Lorraine
and that Belgium and Serbia should
be restored. He also asked that Lon
j -,i fU nnf a? to nrob-
able peace terms.
German newspapers have attacked
both Emperor Charles and his i for
eign secretary because of this letter
and attempts have been made to
show that it was not written by the
emperor. It has been reported in
Vienna that there was no attempt to
hide its authenticity, but that the
French version war garbled. It was
also reported that the letter was writ
ten by the emperor's mother-in-law.
Summoned to Vienna.
Count Czernin was in Roumania
when the letter was published by the
French government and he was sum
moned to Vienna Friday.
Count Ottokar Czernin von Chu
denitz, a wealthy Bohemian land
owner, was minister to Roumania
when that country entered the war.
Within six weeks after the death of
Emperor Francis Joseph, Count Czer
nin was appointed foreign minister
by Emperor Charles. Count Czer
nin is a very close friend of Count
Berchtold, foreign minister at the
outbreak of the war and who has
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been reported as the political mentor
of the young emperor. Count iBerch
told has been opposed to the -pan-.
German war treaty and fcis resigna-j
tion was brought about by them.'
In addition to being foreign min
ister, Count Czernin was premier aiid
chancellor of the dual empire. He is
about 61 years old.
Crown Council Off.
Emperor Charles, according to a
Vienna dispatch dated Saturday to the
Berliner Tageblatt, has cancelled a
visit he intended to make to Buda
pest. Important conferences on Aus.tro
Hungarian foreign and internal pol
icies were to have been held. Count
Czernin, Dr. von Seydler, - Austrian
premier; General Arz von Straussen
berg, chief of the general staff, and
ether officials were to have been pres-
Due to Peace Talk.
Washington. April 15. No official
word of the reported resignation ot
Count Czernin had been received by
the government today, but all officials
were deeply interested in the report
and it was recognized that the de
velopment undoubtedly was the out
growth of Czernin's declaration that
France had been ready to talk peace.
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Here's the Circulation
On 15thFrom Hickory to Center
State of Nebraska 1
County of Douglas J ss
William Cejnar, being duly sworn says that on
April 2d he took a newspaper census of 15th street
between Hickory and Center streets, Omaha, and
that there are 26 houses.
12 take The BEE.
t 10 take the World-Herald.
5 take the News.
(Signed) WM. CEJNAR.
Subscribed in my presence and sworn before me
this 5th day of March.
C. W. CARLSON,
' (SEAL), , Notary Public.
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