Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 05, 1918, Image 1
Omaha Daily Bee the Weather Unsettled VOL. x XL VII NO. 250, OMAHA, FRIDAY On TritM. it Hnt.i. HHi.D. Ct.. it. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS. imju rffll 5 SLAV FIGHTERS MAY GERMANS FROM WEST FROM Enormous, Force Now Under Organization in Russia Will Effect Turning-Point of War If Hurled Against Teutons. 1 Moscow, Tuesday, April 2-Russia will form an army of. 1,500,000 men, not inferior in power and equipment to the Germans and Japanese, M. Podvoisky, -assistant secretary of war, rious military department heads. This would be the first step in arming the whole Russian nation. He said the army organization was impossible without the old officers and outlined a measure to enlist the services of all generals and publish their names, giving to citizens the right to state objections to any one. ELEVEN THOUSAND ENLISTED. M. Podvoisky reported progress in enlistments for the red army, which was satisfactory in some places. Smce the begin ning, of the army organization two weeks ago 11,000 have en listed in Moscow and been properly equipped, Nizhninov gorod, Voronezh, Tula, Kaluga, Kostroma, Tchernigov, Khar kov and many other cities report considerable numbers of re cruits, many of whom are trained. The great handicap, he said, was lack of instructors. TREMENDOUS VALUE TO ALLIES. , LondonApril 4. Reorganization of the Russian army un der the direction of M. Podvoisky comes at the psychological moment for the entente allies. It is predicted by military strategists here that if Russia can enlist and equip 1,500,000 men, as M. Podvoisky plans, it will result in the f ailure of the great German drive before Cam brai, and will hasten the work of driving the armies of the cen tral powers out of France and Belgium. Military experts declare that if Kus-y sia had made this move eight weeks ago it would have been impossible for Germany to muster such a tremend ous force, as thousands of men were ' withdrawn from the Russian front to swell the kaiser's command. - The mere threat of more than a million of men being mustered by the Slavs at Moscow will force the Ger mans to send troops to the east front, and this will weaken their lines at 4 points " whereBifitislC Frenchand" American, torces are . preparing to strike in a great counter attack. Since the occupation by the Ger mans of Poltava, 70 miles southwest of Kharkov, the position of the bol shevik detachments opposing them has become more serious, -Reuter's Moscow correspondent cables. The Germans are conducting an of fensive against Kharkov from Poltava and Vorojba, employing large detach .ments, which already have occupied Gloutiagky, 40 miles from Kharkov. The correspondent also says the (Jermans have seized at Poltava 54,000 tons of grain which they are exporting 'o Germany. . Restore Lines to Germany. Moscow, Wednesday, April 3. The special commission formed to carry out the provisions of the Brest- Li to vsk pea-.v treaty has drawn up a , program for the restoration of postal and telegraphic relations with Ger many. It has ordered Russian mine ."J peepers to clear the mines from the VjuH of Finland and in the Russian part -of the Baltic. Peace has been proposed to the lotshevik government by 'the Ukrain ian Rada of Kiev, the nonbolshevik organization, according to rumor cur rent here. Although not confirming the report, a member of the Russian government poiHts out that the chances for peace are greater since Germany's reply regarding territory in the Ukraine offers ground for negotiations ,and an understanding on the territorial, question. It seems that Rada is' willing to make concessions and to modify its original "demands, which included part of the governments of Kursk and Voronezh. The Weather For Xebraska Unsettled; rain or now. Temperature at Omaha Yesterday. Hour. Dee. o a. m. 6 a. ra. 7 a. m. .... 35 .... 33 .... 33 8 a. m 31 9 a. m....' 34 10 a. m 38 11 a. m 42 12 ra 4C 1 p. m 4S 2 p. m ....... 42 3 p. m 64 4 p. m f8 5 p. m 57 6 p. m 66 7 p. in..... 55 8 p. m.... 3 Comparative Loral Record. 1918. 1917. 1918. 1915. 67 41 56 61 31 33 fo 45 44 37 ' 43 63 Highest yesterday Lowest yesterday Mean tempera Wra PrecJoltation 08 .21 on no Temperature and prclpltatlon departures from the normal: . . Xonr.al temperature " 45 IMicleury for the day 1 Total excess since March 1....'. "45 Normal precipitation .98 Inch Deficiency for the day .0g inch "Total Tain fall since March X ;s inch Deficiency sine March 1 1.38 Inches x Deficiency .for cor. period, 1917.. .11 Inch t A !kficlncjr for-cor. period, 1918. .1.38 Inches Reports From (Stations at 7 P. M. Station end Stats Temp. High- Rain of Weatber. 7 p. m. Cheyenne, cloudy ...... ! Uavenport. clear ...... 50 Denver, cloudy. 8- Des Moines, clear; (4 T)odB6' City, part cloudy 64 Lander, part cloudy.... J2 Xorth Platte, cloudy .. 43 Omaha, part cloudy 6i Pueblo, cloudy ........ S4 Rapid City.snowlnc ..... 3 Salt Lake City, pt cldy. 38 Santa Fe, part cloudy. S3 Sheridan, cloudy i 9lo City, elear ...... (4 est. 28 (3 SO 68 it 2 42 if ."4 88 38 60 :i (4 40 fall. .22 .09 .12 .00 .00 .10 .00 .00 .02 .02 .00 .00 ,40 .00 .00 Valeiuine, cloudy iledulne. cloodv 38 . i L. A. WELSH, Mettorolofiit. declared today at a conference in Moscow of the va 300 KILLED IN RIOTS AGAINST TURKESTAN JEWS Jewish Inhabitants of Kiev Shot, Down When City Falls Into Hands of the Ukrainians. Moscow, Tuesday, April 2. Antl Jewish riots have occurred in Turk estan. In Kokand 300 persons were killed and much, property destroyed, according to the Ranneyi Outro. Anti-semitic : agitation in Kiev, it adds, is assuming acute form. When that city was captured by the Ukrain ians, most of the inhabitants they shot were Jews. E. A. Cudahy Visits Omaha On Tour of Inspection E. A. Cudahy, head of the Cudahy Packing company, is in Omaha on a tour of inspection of the plants of his company. "My visit at this time is of no spe cial significance," said Mr. Cudahy, "Just one of my regular trips." Mr. Cudahy said his concern hearti ly endorsed the ruling of Judge Al schuler. Twelve thousand Cudahy em ployes will be affected and nearly $100,000 in tack pay will be divided among them, he said. State Directors Want to Know How Burgess "Does It" Ward M. Burgess, state director of war savings for Nebraska, is receiving envious congratulations for his mark ed success in this state from many of his colleague directors. Theodore Francis Green of Rhode Island and Fred H. Howland of Vermont have written Mr. Burgess offering con gratulations and incidentally asking for a tip or two on how he "does it." Music and Oratory A musical program will be a fea ture of the patriotic mass meeting for the third Liberty, bond drive, which will be held in the Auditorium next Saturday, night. Miss EjstherlDarnall and Mrs. Allen Taylor will sing. The Forty-first in fantry band from Fort Crook will play. Dr. E. E. Violctte, manager of tin speakers' bureau of the Tenth fed eral reserve district, will be the prin cipal speaker. Congregation of Church to Welcome Rev. Titus Lowe Many members of the congregation of the First Methodist churclnwill go to the Union station Friday morning to meet the Northwestern train which arrives at 10:15 and which is scheduled to carry Rev. and Mrs. Titus Lowe back to Omaha. The congregation has purchased a Ford sedan to present to the pastor, who for the last six months Jias been working in connection with the Young Men's Christian association among the Sammies, in France. FORCE, V CRIME EPIDEMIC IN BERLIN DUE TO WAR CONDITIONS Burglaries Average More Than 300 Daily; Lack of Street . Lighting and Police Pro tection Favors Thugs. New York, 'April 4. Burglaries and robberies in Berlin average more than 300 daily and great alarm haj been caused in the German capital by the sensational increase in crime result ing from war conditions. : "-i The Berlin Tageblatt, on March 10, published an interview with the direc tor of a large insurance company, who said that 300 burglaries and rob beries were reported daily to the in surance companies. , But the number, hesaid, Jfcas -much, higher,, many households and stores were not in sured against ; this : class of crime. . Many of the thefts are committed by deserters from the army,, while there are also burglar bands com posed of former convicts and desert ers. Present conditions in Berlin greatly favor the burglars. The num ber of policemen and detectives is insufficient and inadequate lighting of the streets is of advantage to the criminals. $166 an Inch for Land In Fashionable Chicago Chicago, April 4. A "tract" of land, four inches wide and 168 feet in length in the heart of Chicago's fash ionable north side residence district, sold today for $666, or about $166 an inch. More Food for Czar Nick Is Red Cross' Petition Petrograd, Wednesday, April 3. aSeveral members of the former im perial Russian ' family, now at Tobolsk, are ill and the Red Cross has petitioned the bolshevik gov ernment to allow the family of Nicholas Romanoff the ordinary ration instead of that allotted to soldiers. It has been decided to give the Ronamoff family an al lowance of 300 rubles a month. M. Tchitcherin, the bolshevik foreign minister, has refused to recognize M. Lyednitsky, who has arrived at Moscow, as Polish am bassador. The Novaia Zhizhn reports the discovery in Moscow of an organi zation to enforce the calling of a constituent assembly. They ' call themselves blue guards and are said to number 12,000. The local soviet at Vologda has refused to permit the exiled former grand dukes to reside in Vologda. to Feature Liberty Loan Mass Meeting Dr. E.E.Vj'olette GREATEST SMASH OF GERMANS NOW BEING LAUNCHED ! .. .! Observers Declare Teutons Have Gathered Strength Dur jng Lull; Department Silent on Developments. (By Associated Tress.) Washington, April 4. Renewal of the German assaults agaisnt the Brit ish and French lines in Picardy today indicated to military observers here that the Germans, having gathered strength' during the lull of the last tew days, might now be ready to launch their greatest effort. Some officers think the allied commanders realize that only the first phase of the gigantic battle has passed, and that this probably accounts for the fact that no extensive counter move ment has been undertaken as yet. It is pointed out that the previous record of the German high command argues against any possibility that it would be content with the minor strategic advantages already gained by their costly enterprise, or with the abandonment of its plans wtihout further attempts to force apart the French and British armies. The, bat tle of Verdun continued for months before the Germans admitted that their object was unattainable. Department Silent. Under the new-publicity policy the War department had nothing to add to reports from abroad as to the sit uation at the front. Casualty lists from France again were withheld. Major General March, acting chief of staff, said he had cabled eScretary Baker for specific instructions in this regard. A new interpretation was placed to day on the appointment of General Foch as supreme commander of all the allied and American forces in France. The plan wor a generalis simo, it was stated, had been apf proved Ion gago b ythe supreme war council, but it was not regarded as urgent that the appointment should be made at once until the big of fensive started. THREE AVIATORS FALLT0 DEATH BY AIR ACCIDENTS Houston' Tex.," April 4. Lieu tenant R. F. Ives of Chicago, Carl E. Ekstrand of Brooklyn, N. Y. and Russell H. Ewiggins of Waynetown, Ind., were killed in aviation accidents at fc,Uinton.heId here today. Lieutenant Ives was killed this morning when his machine went into a tail spin and fell. Leiutenant Otto Ett, who was in the same machine, was. slightly injured., .Lieutenants Ekstrand and Ewiggins were killed this afternoon. They were ni the same machine. Ellington field is used exclusively by American-flyers. New Ship Yard Authorized To Make Concrete Vessels Washington, April 4. A new ship, building yard, solely for the construe toin of concrete skips, will be es tablished soon by the shipping board. It will be located in some southern city, where frost will not handicap the work, probably in Wilmington, N. C, or New Orleans, wtih the chances favoring the former. The new yard will have three ways, each of which will be utilized in the building of a 3.500-ton concrete vessel, as plans for that size of ship already hava been prepared. Upon completion of these vessels, the plant will construct only 7,500-ton ships, which are now be in designed. Negro Janitor Confesses To Murder of Watchman Washington, April 4. Will Cle ments, a negro janitor employed at the offices of the committee on public information, confessed tonight that he shot James King,. a7 watchman at the committee's headquarters, who was found dead at his post earl ythis morning. Clements, located after a day search, told the police that he and King had an argument -when he reported for work and that he shot in self defense after the watchman had -Irawn a pistol. King's cartridges failed to explode. Henry Ford Soon to Launch First "Super-Sub Chaser" Washington, April 4. With the first of the Eagle boats, the new type super-submarine chasers for the navy, scheduled for launching in June, Henry Ford, the builder, has assured Secretary Daniels it would be possible under great stress to turn the craft out at the rate of three a day. Next Monday Mr. Daniels will inspect the Ford plant near Detroit. HUNS FORCE FRENCH WOMEN TO DO HARD LABOR IN RUSSIA Wednesday, April 3. One thousand French civilians from the occupied districts of northern Francs have been sent to Russia by the Germans and are being forced to perform hard labor, according to infor mation obtained by Baron Cochin, a former cabinet member. These civilians, 400 of whom are women, are among those whom Ger many offered to exchange for , Alsatians who have escaped to France. They were sent to Russia sfter the rejection of the proposal, which Ger many attempted to place before the French government through the holy see and Baron Cochin. NEW HUN OFFENSIVE ON; ALLIES FALL BACK Fighting Heaviest Near Hammel, Where British and French Forced Back in Triangle of Rivers Luce and Avre. BULLETIN. London, April 4.-"After heavy artillery preparation the enemy launched a strong attack this morning on the whole front between the Somme and Avre rivers," declares Field Marshal Haig's report. On the right and center of the British lines the attacking German infantry were repulsed, but on the left the weight of the assault succeeded in pressing back our troops for a short distance in the neighbor hood of Hammel on the south bank of the Somme. The fighting is continuing in this area." In this section of the line GERMAN PEOPLE FEAR BLOW Ottawa, Ontario, April 4. -The German press is warning its readers not to expect too much of the offensive in the west, says a Reuter dispatch today from London. The Cologne Gazette says extraordinary rumors are prevalent in Germany re garding the extent of the German "victory" and are inspired by the enemy, who is exaggerating the; Teutonic successes for the purpose of depressing the masses through disappointment. v ; The war correspondent of the Frankfurter Zeitung says that hitherto it ha! been impossible exactly to estimate the German losses, but it is unnecessary tc jump to the conclusion that they are enormous, because the victory was difficult. TAKE CITY OF ERZEftUM FROM THE TURKS Rain on West Front Gives Brit ish Forces Advantage; Amer ican Air Mechanics Render Valuable Service. , London, April 4. Erzerum, the principal city of Turkish Armenia, is reported in an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Moscow to have" been recaptured from the Turks by an Ar menian corps, aided by a detachment of Armenian volunteers. Germans Mark Time. With the British Army in France, April 4. The German offensive con tinued to mark time last last night and up to 10 o'clock this morning no move of importance had been reT ported, It rained in torrents during ' the night and today the sky is still heav ily overcast It is the kind of weather which renders the shell torn fields of the Somme region most difficult to work over and for this reason the British arc not displeased at the change. Mechanics from the American air squadron have been doing excellent work at various British airdromes during the present battle. These men are serving in considerable numbers and their help has been exceedingly valuable in the time when the British airmen have been waging such in tense warfare. Downs Six Planes. There have been places where there are concentrations of hundreds of British machines and it meant untold labor for the mechanics. Some of the airmen have been making as many as six trips in a single night. One hard working squadron dropped the huge total of six tons of bombs in one night. The record of the whole air corps has been remarkable. As an instance, one aviator shot down six German machines in one day. Aviator Drops 2,500 Feet From Plane; Lands Safely San Antonio, Tex., April 4. Rod- Lman Law, balloonist and aeronaut, now attached to the fifth aero squad ron, Kelly field, Thursday jumped from an airplane at a height, of 2,500 feet and. with the aid of a' parachute, landed safely. aw is mLuking a series of experi ments to demonstrate the feasibility of jumping from an airplane. He is a brother of Ruth Law. ARMENIANS are the critical sections immediately east of Ami( DEMAND IMMENSE SACRIFICES. The German-Swiss Zurich Poste war expert writes thai Germany has been unable to hinder the ca,rei4yplannecl de ployment of the Anglo-French'reserve and the contfuaric;ftof the violent attacks demand immense sacrifices. The Frankfurter Zeitung attacks Von Hindenburg for at tempting to override the Reichstag. It appears that Von Hin. denburg telegraphed the vice president of the Reichstag at fol lows; ; - "The fresh sacrifices of blood forced upon us have not been made for nothing. I know that the Reichstag understands this and that it will champion a strong German peace." -o ENCOURAGES PAN-GERMANS. CLEAR WEATHER WILL BRING BIG ITALIAN BATTLE Some Critics of Opinion Aus trian Will Wait Until West ern Struggle Decided; Great Preparations Made. (Bf Asswtetod Frsss.) Washington, April 4. Indications that the Austrians are waiting only for favorable weather to launch an other attack upon the Italian front, were reported today in an officitl despatch from Rome. "Some military critics" says the dispatch "are of the opinion that Austria intends to wait the result of the offensive in France before under taking to deliver the blow against Italy, but great preparations are carried on by the Austrians without interruption and all the forces (f'ontimiMl on rsge Two, Column Two.) Here's the Circulation of the Omaha Papers On Lothrop from 21st to 22d State of Nebraska Douglas County ss F. S. Dilley being duly sworn, says that on March 38th he took a newspaper census of Lothrop street between 21st and 22d there are 13 houses. 12 Houses take The Bee. 10 Houses take the World-Herald. 9 Houses take the News. F. S, DILLEY. Subscribed in my presence and sworn before me this 30th day of March. HILMA DAHLQUIST, (SEAL) Notary Public. Another Block Tomorrow Keep Your Eye On The Bee IMPROVING EVERY DAY lens. The newspaper, commenting OS tnis, says: With all the resoect and admira. tion with which we treat a commander we feel jthat Von Hlndenburg'i intervention in politics is the most serious thing that has happened, ai yet, for the fatherland. He is en couraging the pan-German annexa tionists, who are already exploitinj the western offensive jor the purpost of altering the Reischtag's war aims.' WILSON WILL NOT 0. K. NONPARTISAN LEAGUE-TUMULTY , Lincoln, April 4.Prsiden Wilso has ont given his endorsement to the Nonpartisan league, the president's secretary, Joseph P. Tumulty, stated in a telegram to R. M. Joyce, presit dent of the Nebraska Council of De fense, in reply to an inquiry from the"! counciy. This inquiry was made, it was 6aid,, at the office of the counchT because promoters of the league had represented that the president had en dorsed the league's' work. "The presi dent gives endorsement to to no or. ganization," Secretary Tumulty's tel egram said. streets, Omaha, and that'