Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 22, 1918, Image 1

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.VOL. XLVII NO. 238.
qUI UJJj dM uj m I L Qn)) L rn
. , - : 0 ,,. .
Secret Information Given Out By British Admiralty Shows
Millions of Tons Sent to Bottom; Made Public to .
Stimulate Necessity for United Action to
Combat Submarines.
Wachingion, March 21. Secret figures of the British ad
miralty on submarine losses and world shipbuilding were made
public here today by the British embassy.
They show that from both enemy action and marine risk on
January 1,1918, allied and neutral shipping had lost since the
war began 11,827,572 gross tons, while ship yards were turning
out 6,606,275 tons.
( These figures, long withheld, are now made public, admir
alty memorandum says, because they will not stimulate the
enemy and because they will impress upon the people the
necessity of united action in making good losses by submarines.
With them goes an appeal to British builders to speed up their
efforts by bringing more men and women to work on the task,
and warning that the recent falling off in British production
must not continue.
In spite of the tremendous lossesO
they do not approach the claims of
the Germans, and with 2,580,000 tons
of enemy ships added to the output
of the war period, the net loss to
world shipping, exclusive of that
of Germany and its allies, is only
The maximum of losses was reached
in the second quarter of 1917, after
the unrestricted submarine warfare,
which drew the United States into
the struggle, was launched. That
. quarter 2,236,921X0.3 ,tQTVU)l ships
went down. Since then the total has
been reduced until in the fourth quar-
ter of 1917 it was 1.272.843
In the meantime, the shipbuilding
. output steadily curved upward, in
the last quarter of 1917 it was 932,023
tons, and at that time the enormously
increased facilities of the United
States had not begun to get into
Although warning against undue
optimism, the admiralty's statement
"The results of the past year have
shown the ability of our seamen to
get upon terms with the submarine
menace and gradually to gain tne up
per hand." .
6ain Upper Hand.
In announcing in the House of
' Commonsjresterdav that hereafter fig
ures on losses and building would be
made oublic at regular intervals, Sir
Eric Geddes, first lord of the admir
alty, indicated pat it still would be
unwise to publish the totals for the
war. However, these totals now are
fciven to the public, simultaneously
in this country and in Great Britain.
Pvllowing is the admiralty memo
randum: .
Memorandum issued by the British
admiralty showing in gross tons the
losses to the world shipping byenemy
action; the mercantile shipbuilding
output and the enemy vessels cap
tured and brought into service.
"Hitherto the board of admjralty
have been averse from any publica
tion other than that contained in the
weekly return of losses, although it
has frequently been pressed i pon
them that the whole tonnage . acts
should be made public. So Ion? as
such publication would encourage the
enemy and would stimulate his ener
(Contlnoed on Fge Two, Column One.)
The Weather
For Nebraska Fair; cooler.
Temperature in Omaha Yesterday.
6 a. m
a. m....
7 a. m....
a. m....
a. m....
10 a. m....
11 a. m....
12 m
1 p. ra....
2 p. ra....
3 p. m....
4 p. m..,.
6 p. m....
p. m....
7 p. m....
t p. m.
ComparattTe local Beeord.
118. 1017. 11. 1918.
Highest yesterday .. (6 63 6t 12
Lowest yesterday 48 IS 43 21
Mean temperature ..56 49 St 26
Precipitation 00 .00 T .03
Temperature and precipitation depar
tures from the normal: ;
Normal temperature ................... St
Excess for the day IT
Total excess since starch ...... .232
Normal precipitation 04 Inch
Deficiency for the day............ .04 Inch
Total precipitation since March 1..- .11 Inch
Deficiency since March 1... , .71 inch
Kxeesa for cor. period, 1117........ ,47 Inch
Deficiency for cor. period, 1116.... .74 Inch
' Reports From Stations at 7 F. M.
Station and Stats Temp. High- JUIn-
of weather. 7 p." m. est fall.'
Cheyenne, cloudy ......44 4S .0
Davenport, cloudy ....(4 72 ' .0
Denver, part cloudy.... 10 14 .90
Des Moines, cloudy "....! it .00
Dodge City, part cloudyt4 64 .01
Lander, clear ...SI 60 .0
N'orth Platte, clear It M .on
Jmaha, part cloudy..,. St K.j . 0
Pueblo, rain ...40 .i
.Rapid City, clear SI hi .00
8alt Lake City, clear.... 64 H .0
Santa Fe. snow..... ...32" 31 1.06
Sheridan, clear ........It II .00
Sioux City, clear S4 . .00
Chicago, e'ear .........10 74 .00
'X" Indicates trace ol precipitation.
U A. WLH, JtstsoiolOfltt,
Will Now.fio 4a,;jConference
Between Two Houses, Where
Another Hard Fight Over
Guarantee Expected.
Washington, March 21. The agri
cultural appropriation bill, with the
Gore amendment, increasing the 1918
government guaranteed wheat price
to $2.50 was passed late today by the
senate. It now goes to conference
between the two houses, where there
will be another fight over the wheat
Th wheat price amendment was
adopted, 49 to 18, after five days' dis
cussion, in which its advocates urged
the necessity of Stimulating produc
tion, and criticised government price
fixing. The bill, carrying appropria
tions of $28,000,000 was passed with
out a roll call, the principal fights
being centered on the wheat pro
vision. Change Grades.
Besides increasing the federal "guar
antee" the Gore amendment also pro
vides that the guaranteed prices for
the 1918 crop shall be based upon
No. 2 northern wheat, or its equiva
lent instead of the No. 1 variety,
as under existing law, and shall be
payable afc local elevators or rail
way markets instead of at the princi
pal primary markets, as is done now.
These provisions are designed to in
crease further the farmers returns.
Another provision is that the
guaranty shall not be dependent upon
action by the president, but "is here
by made absolute and binding until
May 1, 1919."
Other principal appropriations car
ried in the bill include:
Meat inspection service, $4,000,000
(increased $300,000 by the senate);
extermination of southern cattle ticks,
$750,000; eradication of live stock
tuberculosis, $500,000 (doubled by the
senate); plant industry, $2,744,000;
forestry, $5,731,000; bureau of mar
kets, $2,000,000; combatting -.of live
stock foot and mouth disease, $1,000,-
000, and combatting the cotton boll
weevil, $700,000.
Berlin, March 21. (Via London.)
Kherson, in the Ukraine, ninety-two
miles northeast of Odessa, near the
mouth of the Dnieper, has been cap
tured by the Teutonic forces, today's
army headquarters' report announces.
Villa Bandits Dynamite
Train; Kill 2; Wound 10
'El Paso, Tex., March 21. Vjlla
followers, under Epifanio Holqinn,
dynamited and robbed a Mexico
Northwestern mixed passenger Jnd
freight train this morning at Santa
Sofia, 110 miles southwest of Juarez,
killing two passengers and wo'indlng
10, according to messages re-e'ved
here today and confirmed by the Mex
ican general constrlSte.
The train wan wrecked, the track
destroyed and three cars of mer
chandise looted and rarriH K h(
Holguia band.
Omaha Daily
Goodby, But N
10,000 mm of
Red Cross Workers, Service
League Members and Others
to Join in Liberty Loan
Ten thousand Omaha women will
march in the parade which opens
the third Liberty loan campaign Sat
urday, April 6. Four thousand Red
Cross worker? in veils and aprons;
National Service league members in
their uniform and insignia, in which
they will appear for the. first time;
women whose husbands and sons are
in the service, and thousands of wo
men of every rank in life will march
in the parade, each carrying an Amer
ican flag.
"Every woman with two feet and
a pair of shoes should march in this
parade," said Mrs.' E. M. Fairfield,
chairman of the local women's com
mittee for the campaign, wjio will be
marshal of the parade.
Plan Historical Features.
Chairmen of committees, dressed
in white, will be the captains of di
visions in the pageant, historical fea
tures of which are being planned by
Miss Gertrude Young. Details were
discussed at a meeting held at '.the
Umaha club.
Committee chairmen are announced
by Mrs. Fairfield as follows:
Women's organizations, W. S
Blackwell; churches, Mrs. Charles Of-
futt; booths, Mrs. Alvin Johnson; hos
pitals, Mrs. b. S. Caldwell; schools
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
First Omaha Boy to Die
in Battle
i v
ot Au Revoir!
Ambassador David R. Francis
Pledges American Help to
Any Government That Will
Resist Teuton Invasion.
(Bjr Associated Press.)
Moscow, Tuesday, March 19. Rus
sia will eventually become a Ger
man province and Russians will lose
their liberty if they submit to the
peace forced by tho central powers,
David R. Francis, the American am
bassador, declared in a statement to
the Russian people, issued from the
American embassy at Vologda.
The ambassador pledged American
help to any government in Russia
that would resist the German pene
tration. He urged them to forget
their political difterences'and said he
would not leave Russia until com
pelled by force. The ambassador's
statement said:
"The friendship between Russia and
the United States, which has existed
for a centurv or more, shmild he anu'-
mented, rather than impaired by Rus
sia beconing a republic, and Amen
cans are sincerely desirous that Rus
siana h nprmittpd tn rnntimip free
and independent and not become sub
jects of Germany.
Robbed of Territory.
"I have not seen an authentic - .py
of the peace treaty, but I am sum
ciently acquainted with its provisions
to know that if the Russiajj people
should submit to it, Russia not
would be robbed of vast areas l its
territory, but its people eventually
would become subjects of Germany.
Russia eventually would become vir
tually a German province and it 4 peo
ple would lose the liberties for which
rheir ancestors struggled for genera
tions. -
"My" government still cons;ders
(Continued on Fase Two, Column Two.)
Jarvis J. Gafford, broker, with of
fices at 301 First National bank build
ing, was found dead with a bullet in
his right, temple by Deputy Sheriff
Meade , about 11 o clock Thursday
mprning. He was lying on the floor
in he attic of his home, 1024 North
lhirty-second street.
Meade visited the house to serve a
warrant and was told br the house-
imaid that Gafford was in the attic
and had a gun in his possessipn. He
went to the attic about 9 o'clock in
the morning, the maid said. He used
rugs as a pillow and apparently shot
himself while lying down.
The maid was the only person in the
house at the time. She says she heard
no shot. Gafford was released from
city jail on bond Wednesday. He was
charged with abusing his family.
Since the death of his wife, a short
lime ago. it is said he had been drink
ing heavily. The children were afraid
to stay at home and tiled a complaint
both in police court and, district court
S r 7 y
Officials Believe Much Heralded Spring Drive
of Enemy, Now in Progress; Bonar
. Law Declares Attack Greatest
" Yet Attempted
Glff Correspondent liinilon Daily Mail.) ,
London, March 2 1. -(Special Cablegram to Omaha Bee and New York Tri
bune.)The Germans are bucking an iro nwall at the point near Cambrai, where
today's grand offensive against the Pritish lines was started.
, I am familiar with the giouna! over which this great battle is being fought!
It gives the Germans an initial advantage ,but the nature of the terrain at this
point makes a real strategic victory impossible.
- i
The great 118 German offensive drive has begun, British war officials be-'
lieve. - . ,
The Germans have launched a great attack against the British at certain points
between the Scarpe and Vendeuil. ' ,
Andrew Bonar Law characterizes the attack as the greatest of the war. y
' By employing' great Tnasses bf
rage, the Germans have penetrated the British lines near the Cambrai sector.
77 Vessels in American Ports,
Aggregating 600,000 Tons,
Fly American Flag as Re
sult of Holland's Reply.
Washington, Marcfi 21. Seventy
seven Dutch ships in American ports,
aggregating about 600,000 ton's, were
flying the American flag today, as
the result of President Wilson's proc
lamation last night requistioning
Dutch tonnage in accordance with the
British-American agreement.
At the same time Great- Britain
took over Dutch vessels in British
(Contlnlicd on Fags Twelve, Column Firs.)
Redfield Talks for U. S.
At fishery Conference
Washington, March 21. Secretary
Redffeld will represent the U.v'ted
States at an Anietican-Canaciian fish
eries conference to be held at Seattle,
Wash., April 21, it was announcd to
day. The conference is to discuss a pro
posed agreement between the United
States and Canada to remove all re
strictions the two governments now
impose on fishing in each other's
Centennial of Man Who Gave Us ,
Our First Deadly Machine Gun
Washington, March 21. In vtw
of the important part played in .he
present war by the co-called machine
guns of various descriptions, it is rot
without interest to note that this year
marks the centennial of the birtv of
the man who invented the first suc
cessfulgun of this type Dr. R!.-h?rd
J. Gatling.
Virtually all the rapid-fire guns of
the world have developed from either
the Gatling gun or the Maxim gun,
both of which are the" products of
American genius. Of the two Jhe
Gatling gun was the pioneer, having
been made and perfected many yars
before the creaiion of the Maxim
I he invention ot the uatling tun
greatly increased the horrors of var.
It was first tried in actual batt'e by
General Benjamin F. Butler, in com
mand of the army of the James, oper-
r: j. .1.1
aung in Virginia auring uic ivu
It was in IS62, at Ityliananolu that
Dr. Galline constructed tis fiist re-
volving battery gun. A short f;nie
jjater. he made his guns at Cincinnati,
Newt SUndi. Etc.. So.
On Tralm, l Hotel,
(By Associated Press.) ;
London, March 21. By employing masses of troops, sup
ported by a great weight of artillery, the Germans appear to
have penetrated the British front line, at certain points between
the Scarpe and Vendeuil, says Reuter's Limited correspondent
at British headquarters, telegraphs. v
"Our counter measures have not yet developed," the corre
spondent adds. "Therefore it is difficult to define the position.
Apparently the enemy's purpose has been p launch converging
attacks upon the two flanks of the Flesquieres salient, in the
hope of cutting it off.
"There are unconfirmed rumors that the enemy has em
ployed tanks." ,
Hard fighting is proceeding from a point north of Lagnicourt
southward to Gauche wood, jut below Gouzeacourt. The at
tack was preceded by a heavy bombardment from gunsof high
calibres, and the duel between the opposing heavy batteries
has been rocking thejeountryside for hours.'
The Germans have employed gas shells freely, and a con
stant stream of high velocity shells has been breaking with
frightful concussions far back of the British lines. '
The bombardment began in earnest at S o'clock this morn
ing, and about five hours later the enemy forces hurled them
selves on the British front line trenches north of Lagnicourt and
Louvral, the latter place lying due west of Boursies.
At the same time other German forces advanced behind a
smoke barrage along the ridge running northward from Gouze
acourt. It may be said that the attack in this region was by no
means unexpected by the Bitish and that they had made great
preparations to meet the onslaught.
"We are at the decisive moment of the war," Emperor WillUm declares
in a telegram given out today. His declaration follows many others of a
similar nature from the emperor, himself, and his generals.
These utterances, seemingly of a concerted nature, have led to the be
lief that a German offensive on the Franco-Belgian front was imminent or a
least have made it apparent that the
desiring such a belief to prevail.
and proved them capable of firm? 300
shots a minute.
Through the assistance of a Cincin
nati capitalist he manufactured a bat
tery of a' dozen or more of his guns
and took them to Washington, in or
der that the War department might
test the efficiency of the new arm.
But General Ripley, then chief of
ordnance, declined to interest himself
in the matter, and Dr. Gatling started
for home filled with disappointment.
On his way west he chanced to
meet General Butler, who was on his
way to assume command of the army
of the James. Butler looked with
favor on the new engine of destruc
tion, and immediately purchased 12
of the guns and a considerable supply
of ammunition for them.
The guns were first tried in actual
battle before Petersburg, where Gen
eral Butler personally directed their
use. The slaughter that followed the
use of the Gatling guns was as tre
mendous as had been predicted. In
1866 the War department adopted the
weapon as an arm of the service. In
later years the inventor perfected and
improved his weapon until it became
capable of firing 500 shots in 14J
seconds, with a range of over a mile.,
German leaders had strong reasons for
London, March 21. The German1
attack against the British lines today
was on a larger scale than any made
thus far during the war on any part
of the western front, Andrew Bonar
Law, spokesman of the government,
told the House of Commons today.
"Our outpost troops," he added,
"have been withdrawn on one part of
the line which was very" lightly "held.
This was nothing more than was ex
(Contlnned on rate Two, Column Three.)
and f
Pay Dirt
It is easy to pic up nuggets
when they are on top. The sup
ply is limited, so the'pay dirt
must be sifted to reach ths
hidden fortune. ,
Constant issues of Bee Want-Ads
are like the miners who sys
tematically work the pay dirt
on their claims.
Do not fail to work your pay dirt
iMiover tha buying field com
pletely through Bee Want-Ads
Keep Your Eye' On The Be ;