Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 07, 1918, Image 1

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On Trilnt. II futtli.
Hlwt blind, (to . SC.
Losses to American Army in Trenches Figured Down to
Scientific Basis Where Soldiers Called to Colors
Must Hold the Line; Conscription
Basis Still Undecided.
r ' . -
(By AtsoclaUd Pre.)
Washington, March 6. While a large number of men will
be called out duringthe present year to fill up the army and
complete its organization, it was learned tonight that War de
partment plans do not call for the creation of any additional di
visions in 1918. '- - , - .
The announcement concerning theO
second draft expected soon from Pro
vost Marshal, General Crowder may
outlne the manner in which less than
1,000,000 men probably not much in
exctss of 800,000 are to be summoned
gradually during the year to complete
the existing organzations. . ;
Delay in the announcement asjo the
next draft is understood to be due to
uncertainty as to which method of al
loting quotas to the states is to be
followed. .' , '
The senate already has passed and
the1 house military committee has fa
vorably reported an amendment to the
law to base the quota on the number
of men in class one instead of upon
total registration of. a state. This
change is regarded as. certain to be
made, butv to avoid further delay
schedules of allotments under both
Systems have been prepared at provost
marshal general's office ready to go
Dut as soon as final actidn js taken.
Small Number irt June.
As to the date of the second draft,
members of congress from agricul
tural' sections have been practically
assured that no withdrawal of men
from civil life was contemplated
which would embarrass harvesting.-It
has been--indicated,, however. -that. a
relatively small number P men must
be called to the colors prior to June 1;
and that process may 'start in April,
when equipment, ' clothing and;- quar
ters will be available. ' - ;.
The men are needed to fill tip 1.0 full
strength divisions slated for early de
parture to Europe, and also for field
army and corps troops not attached
to divisions. The replacement-detach-ments
also must go forward at an
accelerating rate since American
troops art now actually hblding a.sec-
tor of the French front an.i men are
being' killed or wounded , in action
every day. -
The completion of tire, full program
of the War department without cre
ating any additional divisions probably
will absorb' m the neighborhood of
600,000 men. The extent to which it
has been necessary ta increase artil
lery quotas throughout the army and
to add special units of all sorts has
surprised every officer an:! accounts
for the existing shortages to a large
" Losses Estimated.
The number of replacement troops
necessary is worked out in a scientific
way, based on experience at the front.
A fixed percentage for each arm of
the service is established. Among the
noncombataTt arms, this is very
small; but it . is quite high among
front line troops.. While official fig
ures are not. available it is estimated
that something more than 200,000 will
be necessary for the 1913 program,
making 800,000 necessary to call out
during this year..
The last increments of the first
draft now in process of mobilization,
totalling about 80,000 men, are being
used to fill regular and national guard
divisions shown by their eiKciency re
ports to be available for early duty
abroad. Some of the men are being
jised also to fill up the special forces,
although an additional source of supply-
for highly specialized technical
units is being used continuously. This
is by special drafts of particularly
qualified men of the trades necessary.
Orders were issued today to local
boards calling for 528 artisans of vari
ous sorts for noncombatani units.
Even with all of the first draft men
mobilized there. are considerable de
ficiencies among the ' national army
and some of the national guard di
visions. I he hrst purpose or the sec
ond dratt will be to make up
shortage. - ' .; ' ; ;
tnlS ,
, ,
Gandy Man Shoots Wife
Following Divorce Suit
Staplton, Neb- Uarch 6.r-(SpeHal
Telegram.) Clinton Myers shot his
wife through the breast Wednesday
afternoon, at the home of her mother,
six miles south of Gandy. It is doubt
ful if she will recover. -
Mrs. Myers had started suit for di
vorce, on grounds of nonsupport,-of
which Myers learned only Tuesday
night. Wednesday , afternoon , he
walked to the ranch where his .w'fe
was stopping with her mother, and
sister, and started shooting. , . '
After the shooting, Myers ' fled
towards Stapleton, but was captured
a few miles from town. He is now in
the county jail.
Myers said he intended to commit
suicide after shooting his wife, but
lost his nerve. .
The couple have been married eight
rears, and have two children. 7 and
2 years old. - " : 1 . - ? i
Mrs. Myers' ; father is. the president
of the Gandy bank. . j
People of Community Sign Roll
at Meeting Where Effort Is
Made to Prevent Organ- ,
! Lincoln, Neb., March 6. Assurance
was given' at the office' of the State
Council fe-r Defense today' that loyal
American citiiens .at, Eustis, Neb.,
would be given protection against any
possible trouble from' pro-Germans,
reported to(be numerous .there.
Eustis, Neb.,' March. 6. (Special
Telegram.) Fifty-one persons today
signed the roof as members of a Home
Guard company. About 100 were
present at the meeting.,- Captain N..T.
Hale, .United States army and John
secretary;. respectively.' t '.'.: . v.-. . ; .
j TK$ 'organization is only temporary
as it will be necessary to send to Lin
coln to get the necessary; papers and
instructions, before 'organising, "the
guard. v - j 'I-., - '
, During the .meeting A. J. Baker, a
member of, the executive committee of
the local Council of Defense, asked
permission .-to read c a story about
Eustis which -was published in the
Wednesday, issue of The Bee.
, " '' Fail to Denounce Story. ' '
, Permission was! granted and after
reading the story ;M'r.' Baker made a
motion that the story be denounced.
Chairman Hale refused to entertain
the motion. ' - '
After a little wrangling Ed Murry
attempted to Filibuster by making a
motion to adjourn. j
Notwithstanding a motion to ad
journ is always in order the chairman
stood pat and Ignored the motion.
After more wrangling the meeting
took up the' business for which it was
called. -' .. ...
definite time was set for the
next meeting of the guard., A petition
signed by .116 citizens, asking the gov
ernor for adequate protection will be
forwarded to Governor Neville Thurs
day. -
Word From County Council.
The Bee is in receipt of the follow
ing message from Eustis. which
speaks for itself. It is signed "Coun
cil of Defense":
"The Eustis Council of Defense In
ses$ion, passed the following resolu
tion: , . '
'"Whereas, An article appearing in
The Omaha Bee and other papers
which, in the judgment of the Council
of Defense,' grossly misrepresents the
true condition and sentiment of
Eustis and vicinity, therefore be it
"'Resolvad, That we condemn
such, article as having a tendency to
create more iK-feeling than has ex
isted.'" Executive Committee Not Advised.
The executive committee of the
Eustis Council of Defense did not
authorize the telegram sent to The
Bee, much feeling being aroused as
a result. This information was con
tained in a long-distance telephone
message from the war-torn village.
Apparently; the pro-Germanites
inm rf fiftv-one American tn th
Home Ouard rolls of the town. While
small groups of men were gathered
around the principal streets discussing
the situation, violence, it was declared,
was not anticipated.
Cold Wave Loses Some of Punch,
But Causes Drop of 30 Degrees
Cold wave did not hit Nebraska and
Omaha as hard as the weather bureau
predicted it would. But it hit hard
enough to cause. 9 drop of 30 degrees
in Omaha in the 24 hours ending at 7
a. m. Wednesday, when the thermom
eter touched 15 above zero.
The coldest point in the state war
Valentine, in . the northwest - corner
of the state, which had 8 above zero.
Zero temperatures prevailed in South
Dakota. Bismarck, N. D., reported 8
below zero, and Sheridan. Wyo.n; had
10 below. -
It was snowing Wednesday morn
"One Purple Week"
"r . "Z?lVfJ' PAPERS
Armed Mercantile Cruiser Goes to Bottom Off Irish Coast
Near Spot Where Tuscania Met Doom; Four
German Torpedoes Puncture III
failed Vessel. ;
Belfast, Ireland March 6. The British liner Calgarian
has been torpedoed off the Irish coast. -There were 610 per
sons on board, nearly 500 of whom have been landed at Irish
ports. The Calgarian was struck by four torpedoes.
Wife Alleges Ernest Hundred
mark is in Sympathy With
German Army; Says He
. . Threatened Her.
Georgia A. Hundredmark has fi'ed
another divorce suit in .district court
against Ernest Hundredmark on the
alleged grounds he is "unpatriotic, a
pro-German and in sympathy and ac
cord with the German army."
She declares he has chided her be
cause her son is in the United States
army, bhe alleges he said he hoped
her son would never return and ,t: a
the Germans " would "get "emy
damned Yankee" in the army.
Mrs. Hundredmark filed a petit on
for divorce December 28. 1917, alleg
ing her husband struck her while; .he
was wrapping a Christmas package
for her son in the army. She dis
missed this action, she says, at his
request and on his promise to treat
her in a kind and loving manner.
They started living together aiain
in the latter part of December, Mit
she says that notwithstanding his
promises' he, renewed his unpatriotic
utterances and continued lo abu?e
I her. - .
ing at, Cheyenne. Vyo., an'd Denver,
Colo. Also east of the Mississippi
river in the upper lake region. Ne
braska had slight flurries of snow
Tuesday night. - '
While the weather is cold and win
terish in Nebraska, there is nothing
to Indicate an approaching blizzard,
reports to the railroads say. Tues
day night over most of northern Ne
braska there was a snowfall of two
to three inches, with light snow flur
ries elsewhere in the state. The storm
broke during'the early morning aad
now clear weather is the rule.
Nebraska temperatures Tuesday
night, according to the railroads, were
7 to 24 degrees above zero.
nouncement was made by the admir
alty today that the British armed
mercantile cruiser Calgarian was tor
pedoed and sunk March 1. Two offi.
e'ers and 46 men were lost.
An Irish Port, Monday, March C
The people of this' town, who a few
days ago won the gratitude of the
American people by their kindness to
the survivors from the Tuscania, have
extended their hospitality in the last
few days to nearly 500 men from 'he
Calgarian, one of the finest auxiliary
cruisers in trie Atlantic service. The
Calgarian was torpedoed in the late
afternoon, not far from the place
where the Tuscania met its doom.
The-ship's. bell had just sounded 4
o'clock when a torpedo struck. The
shock was so slight that it was
thought the vessel had mertly
touched a mine astern. It was hoped
to get it safely to port.
A considerable time later a sec
ond torpedo struck it, followed quick
ly by two more. By this time there
were several trawlers and patrol ves
sels ia the vicinity and the work of
disembarking the crew was hastened.
By good fortune the Calgarian re
mained afloat on an even keel for
some time," notwithstanding the four
It was possible to take' off nearlv
all the crew except men in the stoke-J
nonis ana oiners wno nad been in
jured by the explosions.
The Allan liner Calgarian was a
vessel of 17,515 tons gross, 568 feet
long and 70 feet of beam. It was
built in Glasgow in 1914,
There are no oublished records of
the recent movements of the Calgari-
which tor some time has been in
the service of the British government,
Ihe last report given out concerning
the liner was in April, 1916, when it
sailed from Halifax for England with
Canadian troops.
A most unusual circumstance in
connection with the sinking of the
Calgarian is the fact that it was
struck by, four torpedoes. .So far as
published reports have shown, in no
previous case has a merchantman
been subjected to such a heavy at
tack 'by submarines. Evidently the
Germans concentrated U-boats to en
sure the sinking o1 the liner.
' Owned by Allan Line'.
New York, March 6. The Allan
liner Galgarian) torpedoed off the
Irish coast, has been for some months
serving" as 'a' British cruiser, converted
from the status of a merchantman,
convoying cargo ships between Brit
ish ports and Nova Scotia, according
to officers here of the Canadian Pa
cific Ocean Service, Ltd., o,wners of
the Allan line. The head offices of
this company are in Montreal.
v Washington, March C It
authoritatively stated today
the United States has sent no com
munication to Japan on the subject
of action in Siberia and that if any
views of this government are ex
pressed, they probably will be con
veyed to Great Britain, through
which the United States has re
ceived all its information of the
It was further stated that the
United States has not assented,
dissented or protested and that
without any exchange of written
communications Japan already un
derstands the friendly attitude of
the United States and its disposi
tion to take no part. In addition,
Japan understands that the United
States credits it with disinter
ested purposes if action in Siberia
"should be taken.
At the same time, it is under
stood, Japan understands the
United States is giving thought to
the moral effect in Russia of such
action and would feel that the ab
solute necessity, should be appar
ent before it is taken. These views
have been expressed to Great Brit
ain, which, as an intermediary, ad
vised the United States of Japan's
Famous Nationalist Succumbs
to Heart Disease Following
Operation and Several
Severe Illnesses. '
London, March 6. John E. Red
mond, the Irish nationalist leader,
died at 7:45 O'clock this . morning.
Death was due to heart disease, fol
lowing a 'recent operation for an in
testinal obstruction.
This was borne courageously and
it relieved the patient, but heart dis
ease supervened Tuesday night.
The physicians attending Mr. Red
mond issued the following announce
ment:' "We regret to announce that John
Redmond died at 7:45, this morning.
After several serious attacks of
illness a severe operation was faced
with great courage. It had become
imperatively necessary owing to an
intestinal obstruction. This was re
lieved by the operation and for some
days satisfactory progress was main
tained. After a fairly comfortable day
Tuesday, heart disease .supervened
during the night and after a few hours
Mr. Redmond passetf peacefully
Rivals Great Parnell.
Since the death of Charles Stewart
Parnell, the most forceful factor in
Irish leadership has been John Ed
ward Redmond.
Bom in 1851, John Redmond came
of parliamentary stock, his father be
ing the late W. A. Redmond, member
of parliament for Ballytrent. He was
educated at Trinity college, Dublin,
was a barrister of Gray's Inn in 1886
and of the Irish bar the following
year. He entered parliament as mem
ber for New Ross in 1881, was elected
for Wexford in 1885 and has repre
sented 'Waterford since 1891.
In 1901 Mr. Redmond, with Patrick
McHugh and Thomas O'Donnell,
came to America to explain to the
people of the United States the pur
pose and scope ofthe United Irish
league. He was a consistent lieuten
ant pf Parnell and he clung to the
(Continued on Paie Two, Column Four.) I
(By Associated Press.)
Amsterdam, March 6. Despite orders from the high command for
the German people to beflag their towns and rejoice over peace with
Russia, notes of doubt are not lacking in the German press in regard
to the future in the east The Vorwaerts says that Russian territory
is not the place the Germans longed for nor is German occupation cal
culated to endure. It adds:
"We should regard it as wiser and more far-seeing if the German
government had not exploited to the utmost the helplessness of the
Russian peoples and forced a peace for which the only, historical paral
lel is that which crushed Prussia was obliged to conclude at Tilsit
in 1807. ' . ,
"The German social democracy must now take up the fight with the
object of preventing the new neighboring states from teing treated
by Germany as subjugated peoples.' -
George Bernhard, in the Vossiche Zeitung, confesses to uneasiness
as to whether the same coalition which confronted Germany before the
war "and is now momentarily broken as a fighting organization" will
not after the war reconstitute Itself. He hopes that peace in the west,
when it comes, will not show the same lack of imagination characteris
ing the Russian peace. - :
Herr Bernhard soundly berates Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg, the
former chancellor, regarding the German demand, revealed by M. Pichon,
the French foreign minister, to be given Verdun and TouL He declares
it was a piece of stupendous folly which made the entry of Great Britain
nito the war inevitable.
Official and Civilian Population Flee Petrograd; Lenine
Trotzky Regime Doomed to Fall if Slav Congress
Fails to Ratify Teuton Treaty, Which
Seems Probable. V
The Lcnine-Trotzky government in Russia faces collapse.
The war party is gaining power day by day. The official
news agency announces that a supreme military council has
been formed for defense of the country. The commissioner for
military affairs has issued a decree ordering that the entire'
people be armed.
Refusal of the German peace terms by the All-Russia con
gress of workmen's and soldiers' delegates when it meets in
Moscow next week will mean, the downfall of the present bol
sheviki rulers, if they do not resign beforehand.
Petrograd is being evacuated by the bolshevik! govern
ment. Moscow, the ancient capital, is again to become the seat
of the Russian government, while Petrograd is to be made a
free port. ;'-''. :
Washington Government An
noyed by Interpretations
Placed on Exchange of
Notes With London. '
Washington March 6. Adminis
tration officials are somewhat 'dis
turbed at the various interpretations
being placed on the attitude of the
government toward Japan's prospec
tive action in Siberia.
The statement that the United
States is in accord in principle with
Japan's plans, supposing always that
action is necessary, has been in
terpreted in some dispatches to mean
that the United States has assented
to the plan, and the further statement
that the United States has not as
sented has been construed in others
to mean that the government has
withheld its assent4
These various statements are all
generally regarded as a play upon
words at a time when official an
nouncements of the exact status of
the situation is 'being withheld.
Japan, so far as can be learned,
has never asked the approval of the
United Statty to its plans. Conse
quently . there is -nothing for the
United Slates to assent to.
On the other hand, the fact that the
.United States under .the circum
stances is not' .assenting. to the, plan
is not construed, in the absence of
official announcement to that effect,
that assent has been withheld in the
diplomatic sense of the term.
The United States had been ad
vised of Japan's feeling through
Japan's ally, Great Britain, and these
two governments are discussing the
situation in ihe fight of the Anglo
Japanese agreement for the preserva
tion of a status in the far east.
It has been pointed out to State de
partment officials that the Anglo
Japanese pact is essentially conserva
tive in spirit and that, so far from
contemplating or countenancing ag
gressive action on the part of either
Great Britain or Japan with the pur
pose of exiending their territorial
possessions in the far east, the pur
pose is directly opposite and aimed to
conserve the present status of both
To this end it was found necessary
to pledge each of them to combine to
(Continued on Van Two, Column One.)
The population of . Petrograd is'
quitting it hurriedly and various gov
eminent departments are ' removing
further inland sway from the German
invaders. Bolshevik councils in Mos
cow and the provinces are said to be
more opposed to. the Germans and a
separate peace than those in Petro
grad. ": ; vVv : ;
The bolshevik leaders are prepared
to withdraw even as far as the Ural;
mountains rather than submit to th
defeat of the 'revolution, said Leon
Trotsky, bolshevik foreign minister,
in an interview today with the Asso-.
dated Press. - rf-.riwww
Evacuation of Petrograd is one of
the measures proposed , by the war
party and the hurried exodus of both
civilian -and official population lends
strength to the view that the nonpeace
party is in the ascendancy; '"
Previous reports that the hard
terms of the German peace treaty,
which takes from Russia thousands
of square miles in Europe and Asia,
would not be accepted by the all
Russian congress of workmen and sol
diers' delegates indicated also that'the
nonpeace elements in the bolsheviki
ranks were gaining the tipper hand. '
A section of the bolsheviki is -said
to lean toward the social revolution
ists of the left, who have been op
posed to the Lenine regime and in
clined to be friendly to the entente
allies, although favorable to an im-,
mediate general peace. :
German Diplomats Fooled.
Apparently Germany unwittingly
played into the hands of the AH
Russian congress by granting a re
spite before the treaty should . be
ratified. Reports from Petrograd in
dicate that the congress and allied
organizations will use the intervening
days in recruiting' an army and pre
paring for a defense against the Ger
mans. - ' ' ;
American Consul Tredwcll has re
turned to Petrograd along with Ray-,
rqond Robins, head of the perma
nent Red Cross commission to Rus
sia. Removal of the government to
Moscow probably will compel them
to go there also.
On the fighting fronts , in Frante
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
Washington, March 6. Complaint
was issued today against Sears-. Roe
buck & Co. of Chicago by the fed
eral trade commission, charging un
fair methods of. competition in the
conduct of its business.
The complaint summons the firm tc
answer a charge that it has advertised
sugar for sale at 3 to 4 cents a pound
actually at a loss, but only upon con
dition that certain amounts of other
groceries be purchased, for which a
sufficient price is charged to make a
profit ou the combined sale. -
The complaint further charges that
Sears, Roebuck & Co., with the pur
pose of injuring competitors, has cir
culated catalogues representing the
quality of merchandise 'sold by its'
competitors as inferior. : ' ;
The complaint charged that the low
price on 6ugar was made for the
purpose of lessening competition and
creating u monopoly. v -
A hearing has been set for April 11.
BY VOTE S3 10 32
Madison, Wis., March 6.After"2
hours of . self-imprisonment in the
state house the assembly, deadlocked
over the anti-La Follette .resolution
this forenoon, reachetfka compromise
which broke the deadlock. ,
The resolution condemning Sena
tor La Follette was passed by a vote
Of 53 to 32.' - ' '"""'