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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 6, 1918)
Cold Wave !:
VOL. XLVII NO. 224.
RESIDENTS OF EUSTIS
IN FEAR OF VIOLENCE BY
Intense Feeling Exists in Frontier County Town Following
Assault Upon Government Official; To Form Home
Guards; Armed Men Patrol Property; Pro-German
Doctrine Openly Talked.
. Eustis, Neb., March 5.
"flng of J. M. Hill, a government
cer, by Fritz Baalhorn, an alleged draft evader, last Saturday
night, ignited a spark which hat gradually been fanned into a
flafye of big dimensions here. The fact that Baalhorn was ap
ppeieti3edi fined $75 and turned over to federal authorities for
I urtner action, has failed to gratify the loyal citiezns of Eustis.
FEAR CLASH TO COME:
A clasl between pro-Germanss,
kaiser lovers and German sympa
thizers who abound here and Ameri
can citizens, seems imminent, and un
less Governor Neville hurries . ade
quate police protection ta Eustis it is
feared 6enous trouble will toiiow.
American citizens, angered by the
attitude of cro-Germans. ' many of
whom come out openly and sneer at
ever flag and at American customs,
are arming themselves and banding
together for the protection of lives
and property. Many express fear
that pro-Germans will resort to vio
TOB Call on Governor.
Eustis is located in the center of a
large and thickly populated German
community. Governor Neville will
be petitioned to grant such protection
as necessary for the peace and wel
fare of the village.
The more timid ones are advising
that nothing be done or said that
would have a tendency to antoganize
the disloyal Germans, but the Ameri
cans refuse to go around like a whip
ped dog in their own country.
Women Warn Clerks.
Citizens of Eustis who constitute
the Council of Defense have failed to
act swiftly enough to appease the
women and a number of them have
warned the Golden Rule store that
three of its clerks, MrsTheresa Bin
ning, and Paul and Viola Gruen, must
be dismissed - and noticed i to , leave
town within three, days because they
are said to have made sneering and
disloyal remarks concerning the goV'
. ernment. . , ;.v--.:r;.. - n:'-t. ' r- -
, The-Council of : Defense investi
gated and found Mrs. Binning guilty
of making ' disloyal remarks.
Loyal women say . that they will
resort to strone methods it necessary.
E. E. Brown of Holdrege, manager
of the store, was in Eustis and was
called before the council of defense,
but what action was taken was not
given out , by either Brown or the
Form Home Guards.
The council of defense has thought
it necessary to organize and arm a
home guard and a call for volunteers
has been sent out to the surrounding
country. A meeting is scheduled for
.Wednesday afternoon here and the
organization will be built up as rap
idly as possible. Armed citizens are
on guard at night. - -
Ferd Schroeder is chairman cf the
county council of defense and will
Jrobably be .named captain of the
In one instance W. H. Hill, two of
whose sons are in the army, publicly
said what he thought of the way the
Germans were acting and he was
called into the store of the Eustis
Mercantile company and asked to re
tract which he did not do. Ihis has
added to the feeling.
"Tense Situation" Coupland.
Lincoln, Neb.. March 5. -(Special
Telegram.) "The situation in Eustis
...iind the country roundabout in Fron
tier county is exceedingly tense," said
Vice Chairman George Coupland to
night in discussing the incidents at
Eustis. "We have had numerous mat
ters brought to our attention from
there," he said, "which indicate great
indiscretions by the pro-Germans of
the community., -The board is on
ducting an investigation7 and will in
a short time arrive at the true situa
tion there and then Whatever action
is advisable will.be considered."
For Nebraska Cold
to northerly winds. .
6 a. m . . . . .
( a. m
7 a. m
wave n i: :::::
1 p. m
3 p. m
3 p. in.,...
4 p. mr. ;..
S p. m
S p. m
7 p. m
8 p. m.
Comparative Jxxal Krrnrri.
V 1H. 117. 11. 1J15.
ItinhMt, yesterday ....41.;, 44 . 61 26
Lovttpt yesterday .... .,' ' , 2 22
Mean temperature 26 4fl 24
Precipitation 00 .00 .00 .40
Temperatures and precipitation depar
ture from th j normal:
Normal temperature .. go
Normal precipitation 04 Inch
Deficiency for the day 04 inch
Total precipitation since Mar.' J.12. 00 inches
Deficiency Kin; March 1...... .11 inch
Deficiency for cor. period, HIT .18 Inch
Deficiency for cor. period. 1918 .12 Inch
Report From htations at 7 P. SI.
Va-.lpn and (Stale Temp. High- Rain-
i off Weather. 7 p. m, out
riwyenne. cloudy ......:! 40
'Jr-venport, cloudy .....4.1 66
l ander, cloud? 20 ' 24
Sheridan, clear 6 10
Siou City, pX cloudy.. 2 - '
Vi-intine. cloviiy H . 4
iBtltca'i'S tru e of precipitation,
(Special Telegram.) The beat-
exemption board and food offi
U-BOATS SUNK BY
THAN BEING MADE
British Lord Declares Skippers
of Sea Becoming Careless in
Showing Lights; Wants
; Ship Program Rushed.
! " (By Associated Vrta.)
: London, March -5. "For some
months," Sir Eric Geddes, first lord
of the British admiralty, declared to
day, "we believe that we and the
Americans have been sinking subma
rines as fast as they are built."
; The trend of the figures of loss of
shipping by enemy action was stead
ily improving. Sir Eric stated. The
loss to the world's tonnage during
February was little more than half
the loss during February of last year,
"I believe the individual piece
workeron ships works' as hard now
as he did last year when he is ac
tually at ;work," Sir, Eric continued,
"but he seems readier to take holidays
and we cannot afford holidays.; If
irhbrovement is not speedily made.
the point where . production balance?
losses will be postponed to a danger
ous extent." , : , .'
The first lord said he was seriously
concerned at the1 increasing number
of vessels lost at night.' It appeared
the enemy was assisted in this matter
by negligence on the part of 'ship
owners who displayed lights instead
of darkening their vessels.
In the f waters around the British
isles, which had been the enemy's
chief field, for submarine operation,
the greatest successes against the
U-boats had been obtained so far, lat
terly with the help of American naval
forces, said Sir Eric. On the other
hand, conditions in the Mediterranean i
had t.en more difficult. Losses there
accounted for some 30 per cent of
merchant ships sunk. The resources
for combatting the submarines in
those waters were less adequate and
the successes obtained less satisfac
tory. , ;
'YIELD OR DIE,' IS
Washington, March .5, Count Czer-
inin, the Austrian premier, the State
department today was advised, told
the Roumanian premier in the peace
negotiations now in progress that
unless Roumania yielded it was to be
crushed, but that if it ceded Do
brudja and agreed to rectification of
boundaries, it might preserve its in
tegrity and its present ruling dynasty.
The Bee is Ready to Help
Request for Co-operation
Campaign and Our
' . Treasury Department,
Mr. Victor Rosewater. :
Editor Omaha Bee, Omaha, Neb.
My Dear . Mr. Rosewater: Duriner the cominsr Third Libertv Loan
campaign the Treasury department will award an Honor Flag to towns,
cities and states whose sales of bonds exceed their quotas. This flag will
be one of the big national features of the campaign that is certain to
attract attention from coast to coast. A miniature flae will be riven to
every bond purchaser for display in his
As a means of helping explain the meaning of the flag, the department
is planning to distribute through Sunday newsnaoers. nrobablv a week
prior to the opening of the campaign,
picmcni, oi wmcn mere a copy enciosea. liacn supplement will carry
the name of the paper in which.it is enclosed, making it an integral part
of the publication. '
Your patriotic co-operation in the distribution of these supplements is
respectfully requested. If you can use them,; kindly advise me by wire as
to the total number of your requirements. It is essential that we have this
information early as it will require some "time to have the names of the
different papers which participate in the distribution printed on the bot
tom of the supplement. T
Thanking youvfor your patriotic co-operation.. I am, cordially yours,
. " FRANK R. WILSON, -.
i Director of Publicity;
; TELEGRAM. V" "V .
Mr. Frank R. Wilson, Omaha, Neb., Mareh 4, 1918
- Director of Publicity, . .
Office of Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D. C.
Answering yours of March 1, we will be very glad to co-operate in
promoting the Third Liberty Loan through your plan to distribute a fac
simile cf the Honor Flag as a supplement to The Omaha Sunday Bee. For
this purpose we wlil rcinire 65 000 copies. Kindly advise us of shipment
sn4 exac; dr .; ci o. ... ;icr, ' . -
. VICTOR nOGEWATF.E. -
fublishe' Xhe Omaha BjcI
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING. MARCH 6,
1 ; ' : rJA..
COST IN NEBRASKA
Nebraska Men ' Investigate
Sugar- Profits; Will Make
Recommendations on Which
Prices to Be Fixed
Washington.' March 5. A c'ommis
sion to hold hearings to determine the
cost of croducuiK sugar beets in Ne
braska and what is a profit to the
producer was appointed today by the
food administration. I he commission
has no power to fix prices, but it is
expected that its figures will serve ss
a basis for voluntary price agreements
between growers and purchasers of
Comoosine the commission- are
Dean E. A. Burnett and Prof. H, C,
Filley of Lincoln, A. E. Cady of St
Paul, W. I. Farley of Aurora and An
drew Weiss of Mitchell
Similar commissions recently were
appointed for Colorado ana cautornia
To Start Friday.
Investication itno the cost of pro
ducing sugar beets and determining
a fair profit will be started Friday
morning in Grand Island, when tne
commission appointed by Uuraon w.
Wattles, federal food administrator.
will hold its first meeting. ;
Confirmation of, the appointments
were received yesterdaw by Mr,
Wattles from Wa'shjngton with in
structions to prodeed with this im-
oortant work immediately, 1 he mem
bers appointed by Wattles have also
been notified from' Washington.
Instructions to" the members will
be given in Grand Island by either
Mr. Wattles or A. C. Lau, deputy
food administrator. After the organi
zation of the committee, public hear
ings will be held in such places as
are practicable and convenient to the
suear beet erowers.
The commission will have power ta
call before them any grower tr.ey
deem advisable, though the great
mass of testimony will come from
voluntary witnesses. After the hear
ing is completed, the cost of produc
ing sugar' beets will be determined
for, the various .Nebraska districts.
Then the food administration, through
Administrator Wattles, will determine
the fair profit to the grower Th'i
will be cenMiea to Washington lor
approval ' jfT .V. , ...;?' -
Authorization for the hearings affd
methods of conducting the hearing
came from Washington by telegraph
to expedite the investigation.
GIVES ALIBI FOR
)- - '
London Monday. March 4. The
war office tonight made public a long
dispatch from Field Marshal Sir
Douglas Haig, covering the much dis
cussed battles on the Cambrai front
The attack; the field marshal notes,
was started at 6:30 o'clock on the
morning of November 20. The spec
tacular successes which first attended
it have been told in the correspond
ents' reports written at the time. It
was on the- last day of November .that
the triumph began to give way to' dis
"At the northern end of the Bonavis
ridge and in the Gonnelieu sector,"
the commander relates, the swiftness
with which the advance of the enemy's
infantry followed the opening of his
bombardment appears to have . over
whelmed our troops, both in the line
and the immediate support, almost be
fore they had re'alized the attack had
begun. The nature of the bombard
ment, which seems to have been heavy
enough to keep our men under cover
without at first seriously alarming
them, contributed .to the success of
the enemy. ' .
for' the Third Liberty Loan
Office of the Secretary.
Washington. D. C. March 1 . 1018. "
an artistic red, white and blue sup-
U. P. Spells "Up
IRAWS CROWD OF
Wholesalers Regale Visitors
With Dinners," Dances and
Vaudeville; Predict , Ex-,
, .cellent , Spring Tradei,:
Joe KelleyfRoy Byrne, :. Charles
Pickens, W. H. McCbrd and the rest
of the wholesalers in Omaha are more
than pleased at the crowds of met
chants froin all over Omaha's' trade
territory who are in Omaba this week
attending Merchants Market week.
lhe merchants combine the business
of buying their spring and summer
stocks with the pleasure of enjoying
the various elaborate entertainments
the wholesalers of Omaha have pre
There is, every indication that the
merchants throughout the territory
will have an excellent spring and sum
mer trade, judging from the way thev
nave nocked Jo (Jmaiia, their market
city, to buy goods. I he Omaha whole
salers say the, merchants without ex
ception are optimistic and believe
there is'an excellent spring and sum
mer trade in prospect.
Plan Masked Ball.
Hundreds of them assembled at the
Omaha Chamber of Commerce Mon
day night, where vaudeville acts were
featured for their especial benefit.
A masked costume ball is scheduled
for Tuesday night at the Auditorium
Merchantl from several states will at
tend the masked ball in full costume.
Special prizes are offered both men
and women for the best fancy cos
tumes and the most comic costumes.
In addition to the out-of-town visi
tors, a great many women from the
Omaha, wholesale houses will also at
tend the ball. . -
A buffet supper, theater party and a
midnight dance will be the features
Wednesday night, '
Revise Mediation Plan to
Accommodate Ship Carpenters
Washington, March 5. Revision of
the government's mediation agree
ment with the shipbuilding trades to
make it meet the views of the Broth
erhood of Carpenters was taken up to
day at a conference of navy and ship
ping board officials with the herds of
the unions involved.
The agreement, to which" the car
penters organization was not a party.
leaves all shipbuilding labor disputes
to the shipbuilding labor adjustment
board for settlement. William L.
Hutcheson, president of the Brother
hood of Carpenters, has refused to
sign the agreement unless it is
amend to give the carpenters
greater representation on the board.
400JO0O Dozen Good
Eggs Go io Bow-wows
. Washington, March 5. The food
administration announced . today
that reports of the Agricultural de
partment show that 40 carloads of
hens and - pulletf , amounting to
about 160,000 birds, were shipped
from Texas alone between January
1 and February 11.
The announcement points out
that if these birds had been kept
until, April 30, as lhe food admin
istration has required for those re
maining on farms on February 11.
about 400,000 dozens of eggs would
have been added to the food supply
of the nation.
1918 TWELVE PAGES.
PLACED ON SALE
Hamburg - American I
Line .Taken Oyer by Oov;
New York, March J. Enemy, prop
erty in business concerns, partly' Of
wholly owned by German 'residents,
involving millions .6f dollars and vast
interests," will' be placed on sale in
private, beginning today, 'it,' is' an
nounced by the general business de
partment of the alien property .cus
todian in this city. : : , '
Among the properties "tliaf liave
been taken over are those belonging
to Countess Szechenyi, formerly
Gladys Vahderbilt, amounting to $9,
000,000, and. the investments, stocks
and bonds of Countess Bernstorff,
formerly Jer.nne Luckemeyer of New
York, amounting to $900,000. . Much
larger properties, including the Hamburg-American
'.line, have also been
taken over. , '
Joseph A. Bower, head of the de
partment here, in a statement empha
sizes that, while the sale will be con
ducted entirely in private, in every
case the price demanded will be equal
to the actual value of the property
in question. 1 i ? ' - , i s
OLD 'DRYS' FIGHT
UNION WITH NEW
- , .; - ; . ,v
Chicago, 1 March 5. The' national
convention of the prohibition and the
national parties met here today to for
mulate policies for campaigns during
the year.' . . .. . .
The national party was organized
here last October by representatives
of the prohibitionists, progressives,
loyal socialists and single taxers.
The question of merging jthe pro
hibition party with the national pro
voked a fight in the prohibition state
convention yesterday which resulted
in delegates to the national conven
tion today being uninstructed on the
subject." Veterans in the prohibition
ranks opposed the merger, while the
younger element urged union.
Seeks to Enjoin Payment of
Beveridge's Junket Expenses
Superintendent of Public Schools
John H. Bevcridge, the school district
of Omaha and M. L. Endres as treas
urer are made defendants in a suit
brought in district court by Edward
A, Smith, an attorney, who seeks to
enjoin the payment of Beveridge's ex
penses to the National hdueational
association convention at Atlantic
City, N. J. -
I do not believe the taxpayers are
sufficiently reimbursed for the expen
diture of public funds when an official
is sent merely, to a convention," said
Smith. "The supreme court haso
held, in fact, and I sei no reason why
the ruling should not apply in this
case as well asln any other."
"I am not concerned about the mat
ter at all. I don't pay any attention
to it." said Superintendent Beveridge
bis ofiice wlim nutihrd. nf the filing
of the. "T!'rt is hef-cen .r
Smilh and tlid bot.d oi education.'
Oi Trli. at Htli.
U.S. AM ALLIES AGREE
TO ACTION BY MPP0N
M FAR EAST CRISIS
Signing of Peace With Eolsheviki and German Invasion of
Finland Makes Situation Grave; Russ Forces Men
ace Chinese Frontier; Roumania Makes'
New Armistice with Foe.
' BULLETINS. i
London, March 5. Narva, 100 miles southwest of Petro
grad, has been captured by the Germans and the enemy is
reported to be continuing" his advance on Petrograd, according
to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Petrograd dated
Monday.' ;' . s
. London, March 5.The Evening News says the question
of Japanese intervention in Siberia has been settled and that
all the allies, as well as the United States, have agreed to im
mediate action to safeguard the interests of the powers.
Washington, March 5. The United States now is in 'agree
ment with Japan, Great Britain and the other co-belligerents
on the principle of action in Siberia, but the details remain fo
be worked out. This became known today as the cabinet met
with President Wilson to discuss the subject. ' .,'
. . (By Associated Press.) ; ,
Press dispatches received in London say that the British,
French and Italian ambassadors in Tokio have or immediately
will ask the Japanese government to take whatever : action
it may consider necessary to oppose German propaganda in
Siberia, and to protect the military stores at Vladivostok.
JAPAN WILL SEND
ARMY TO PROTECT
RUSS ON PACIFIC
Allies Act in Concert on Ques
. tion of Preventing Siberia '
'. j arid Its Vast Stores Falling
- -Washington, Mirch 4. Military ic-
uon oy. japan in eastern oipcna io
cheek German influence and protect
war stores at Vladivostok is believed
here to be imminent. , ' n . . - .
The United States hat not yet ex
pressed its' views ' on ' the proposed
step, but it, was said in diplomatic
quarters here tonight that the Jap.
cnese ' probably would move quickly
to meet emergency conditions, leaving
to the pending diplomatic exchanges
development of an understanding
with America and all the allies upon
the scope and purpose of the enter
prise.' '' . '
FINLAND HASTENS ACTION.
While it has no cirect bearing upon
the situation in Asiatic Russia, the
news which came today to the Swed
ish legation that Germany has given
notice of her intetflion to occupy the
whole of Finland, will tend to hasten
an agreement upon Japan's plans.
The German explanation to the
Swedish foreign office, which has pro
(Contloncd on Pag Two, Comma One.)
Wihon Speaks from
Box in Theater; Upsets .
All Official Precedent
' Washington,' March 5. Alt offi
cial Washington was talking today
about a little speech President Wil
son made las. night from his box
at the theater. It was the first time
within memory of anyone here that
s president had done such a thing.'
With a large audience, the presi
dent had enjoyed a play depicting
the conversion of a disloyal Ger
' man-American into a loyal citizen.
When one of the leading actors, in
response to repeated curtain cells,
exhausted his curtain speech and the
audience demanded, more he sug
gested that probably the president
mignc i .y so metning.
; Rising in his box as a wave of
aoplau.se ar.d cheering swept the
theater, the president thanked the
actors for an admirable performance
and said how much he had enjoyed
the theme of the play.
Mr. Bevcridge said his expenses for
the trip were $140 and that he had
paid them out of his own pocket.
January. 21. 1918, the school board
passed a resolution authorizing him
to attend the convention, he said. The
resolution carried with it a provision
guaranteeing him his expenses. He
said he had not submitted any bill for
the trip. - .. , . . 1
Smith alleges in his'petition that the
school board had no authority to al
low Bcvcridgels expenses for such a
trip and says it is conversion of the
pubtic funds to private purposes.
"A similar case was brought against
former members of the school board,
Dr. E Holovtchincr and former Super
intendent of Public Schools E. U.
Graff." said Mr. Smith. "In that case
the supreme court ruled that the nar
tirs who took the trip would have to
Mrtnd the expenses. Tl-e school board
a' i' the treasury were enjoined from
pa; ,nj the tills '
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS,
P Tf ta hf!A tit U7cMna'fi' tia
military activity by Japan is immU
CRISIS AT HAND. J
Need for Japanese action has 'been
increased, it is felt, by the signing of
peace by the bolshevik! and the Ger
man Invasion of Finland. "
Also, there are further reporti of
the hostile attitude of the bolsheviki
element in Siberia, ss well as of the
thousands of released Austro-German
war prisoners, who have been armed
: A belated- dispatch, frenr?Peking-
says that Russian forces are menacing
the frontier of China, or ' eastern
Turkestam A Torkisht hd ;: German .
agents have been active in this ter
ritory attempting to arouse the Mo
hammedsns sgdnst. the .Chinese gov
ernment. .'' ;, , V. i
i Roumania in: ArmlsHcsi ; v.
; Berlin announces' : officially ' that
Roumania has accepted the German
armistice conditions; The peace .ne
gotiations were interrupted .last week
by the ending of the previous armis
tice, and it was necessary to agree to
a new one before the p6ur' parlers
could continue. ' '
Attacks of larger proportions than '
usual and intense artillery1 duels con
tinue on the western front, but there
have been no indications of a reopen
ing of operations on a large scale. "
In the Verdun sector a French sur- '
prise attack at the Calonne trenches .
carried the attackers forward 600
yards on a front of 1,200 yards to the
German fourth line. The French took'
.ISO prisoners. ." - ? : "-.
American artillety has shelled ef
fectively a large assemblage of Ger
man troops in the sector northwest
of Toul. The German artillery fire,
however, has slackened considerably.
Allies Will Not Intervene.
" Parts, Monday-,' March .Signifi
cance is attached to a meeting of the
foreign affairs committee of '.' the
Chamber of Deputies this afternoon,
which was attended by Foreign Min
ister Pichon, the understanding being
that the Russian situation as it aU
fects the far east was under discus
sion. -, ' ' ;' .. ' ' ,
While the committeemen as a mat
ter of course, declined to make known
the exact terms of M. 'Fiction's state
ment, they, nevertheless, says the
Havas News Agency's report i the
meeting, allowed .it to be understood
that it now seems certain that alt the
"allies are in agreement to- leave to
Japan the task of Intervening in Man
churia and biberia. ,: .
Austrians Busyin Ukraine. ; '
Vienna, March 5. (Via London.--
Operations of the Austrb-Hungarian
forces for restoring order and security
in the Ukraine, says au ofiicialstate
ment issued by the Austrian war" of
fice, are taking their courses ,
JAPS WATCH AND
WAIT, POLICY IN
cfmun mim -
London, March 5. It is understood,"
according to a Reuter dispatch from
Tokio, that the Japanese government
is well informed of the developments
in Siberia, but is' ador'r'g a policy" of
watchful waiting. ' ; - i i
Japan is carefully avoiding arous
ing the antagonism of loyal Russians
who, notwithstanding their dire need "
of assistance, appear to be extremely
sensitive to outside interference. ;" "
Recognizing also that China is en
titled to consideration as V protector
of the frontier on which Japan -does
not actually border, Japan,; the dis
patch says, probably has agreed with '
China on a plan for prompt co-operation.""
t ' V i'r y .-, t : ' k
Parliament to Meet. ; ,
Ottawa, March S. The ; first ..s'--
sion of ." Parliament uni'er the v..-v
governtncTt has been called .for tuo..-
day, March 18. . ' '
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