Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 02, 1918, Image 1

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    PART ONE
NEWS SECTION
PAGES 1 TO 10
The
Oma
Daily
Be
THE WEATHER
Fair; Warmer
Jl.V
HA
VOL. XLVII-NO. 221.
t - o r - : -p ; ':..!;".
ALLIED ENVOYS LEAVE
PETROGRAD AS GERMAN
ARMY NEARS CAPITAL
Ambassador Francis and Staff arid Red Cross Representa
tives Flee to Vologda, According to Announcement
of Committee on Public Information at
- ... - . .
Washington; Germans Advance.
Washington, March 1. Ambassador Francis and his staff,
the American consulate, the military mission and the Red Cross
representatives all left Petrograd for Vologda by railroad on
the night of February 27, the committee on public information
today announced.. , . . '
GERMANS RESUME ADVANCE.P
London, March 1,-Dispatches re. A M L D I P A Ml? l
ceived by the Exchange Telegraph f U M llllO I
company, nica m -rewograu at o i
o'clock Thursday. night, indicate that
tha rtortnan advance into Russia has
been resumed.
A forward movement by the invad-
way between Dvinsk and Vitebsk, is
reported. The Germans are pushing
on despite the fact that the railway
has been blown up and the store of
provisions in their way destroyed.
11 . - ... 1
be moving slowly towards Luga from
Pskov, at which place they are said
to have concentrated a division of in
fantry, supported by cavalry and
heavy and light artillery.
The Germans likewise are declared
to be moving on Sebezh, 80 miles
northeast of Dvinste
The American, British and French
embassies have left Petrograd, ac
cording to a telegram from the Rus
sian official news agency in Petro
grad and which bears no date.
The American consul , remained
after the embassy's departure, accord
ing to information teaching the Amer-
- by the Norwegian consul; - , -
- Tt A I l. t7...' . L. loft
if , vrnuas'bduur A-.di.iia nao " iv.it.
Petrdgrad,-the departure of the Brit
ish and French embassies, takes from
the bolshevik' capital .the, representa
tives of the three most important en
tente countries. , 1
Situation Now Serious.
.Sir George W.. Buchanan, the Brit
ish: ambassador ' to Russia, some
weeks ago. left Petrograd on a leave
of absence. - E. O., Lindley, the coun
cillor of th embassy, has been charge
d'affaires. -The French ambassador to
Russia is Maurice Paleologue.
This bare report appears to indi
cate that the situation in Petrograd
has taken an unexpected turn for the
worse, In view of the fact that the lat
est previous messages from the Rus
sain capital said that the American
consul, would remain there after the
departure of the ambassador and his
staff in-order to keep. in touch with
the American legation at Stockholm
and with the State department.
News tgencies, the press and diplo
mats are without any but the most
meager dispatches from Petrograd in
the last 24 hours.
Placards in Patriotic
,f "Colors to Be Displayed
"Merhber 6f Omaha Chamber of
Commerce Assisting in War Work for
Omaha" is the. wording in patriotic
colors ona big placard to be dis
played in the windows of business
houses in Omaha, whose proprietors
are members of the Omaha Chamber
of Commerce. -This display of pla
cards is a part of. the .membership
campaign now being waged by the
chamber. The placards have been sent
to every member of the chamber and
are to be displayed beginning oMnday.
The Weather
' For Nebraska Fair: warmer.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
- , Hours. Deg.
warmer j i a
8 a. m..... 28
( a. m 28
10 a. m.... 31
11 a. m... 35
12 m 30
1 p. m 42
n n - AA
its:: Si
6 p. m 46
p. m 43
7 p. m..... 40
. t p. m. ........... 38
Comparative local Becord.
. 118 1917 1916 1915
Highest yesterday..... 48 Si , 31 33
Highest yesterday.... 22 14 ' 20
Mean temperature.... 35 23 20 26
Precipitation .; .00 - .00 .03 . .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal: ,
Normal temperature..'..,.,.........,,... 28
Kxcesa lor the day 7
Total excess since March 1, 1118 7
Normal precipitation...... , .03 Inch
Deficiency for the day .......... . .03 Inch
Total rainfall alnce March 1.... .00 Inch
Deficiency alnce March li .03 inch
Deficiency for cor. period, 1317. . .08 inch
Deficiency for cor. period, UK. .00 Inch
Ke porta From Station at 7 P. M.
Station and State : Temp. High- Kaln
- of Weather. . I p. m. est fall.
Cheyenne, .clear ........40 ' 43 - .00
Davenport clear ......36 40 .00
Denver, clear 40 64 .00
Dea Moines, clear 38 42 .00
Dodge City, clear 48 52 .00
Lander, clear 38 40 .00
North Platte, clear...... 40 64 .00
Omaha, clear 40 4S .00
Pueblo, clear 38 42 .00
Sloua City, clear 60 66 .00
Valentine, clear ........64 62 .00
Rapid City, clear 4 63 70 .00
Salt Lake City, clear.... 38 40 .00
"T" lnd.ca.tas. trace of precipitation.
I A. WELSH. Meteorologist
L ) sZM-J
KEYNOTE 0FG.0.P.
GOTHAM DINNER
All Factions Declared United
by New Republican Chairman;
Hughes and Willcox Make
Short Speeches.
New York? March 1. Prominent
republicans were told today by Will
H. Hays, new chairman of the repub
lican national committee, at a lunch
eon tendered by William R. Willcox,
former chairman, that all efforts must
be centered upon the prosecution of
the war. . . . " i
, Chairman Hays further declared
that his efforts would be jo harmon
ize all republican groups in support
of the ' 1918 congressional' elections
and the' 1920 presidential election. He
said he did not know the meaning of
factions known as "Bull Moose," "old
guard republicans,"' "progressives" or
"reactionaries " , t. ...
Willcoie Praises Hays. -
Mr. Willcox,. in complimenting the
new chairman, said:
"He stands for the coufitry first,
for national unity, and for the vigor
ous prosecution of the war, before he
seeks partisan., advantage. I am
highly gratified that my successor in
office-is a -man of the type of Will
Hays,"
Mr. Hays was quoted as saying
that it was the function of the na
tional committee to obtain the elec
tion, not the. nomination of a candi
date. He expressed confidence that
all the old lines of division in the
party had been wiped out, and contro
versies forgotten by a "united repub
licanism." ; .
Hughes Makes Talk.
Charles ( E. Hughes discussed the
war. ' '
George W. Perkins said there wa9
no discussion of plans for 1920 and
that everyone seemed to be agreeably
impressed with Mr. Hays' "person
ality, energy and boundless enthusi
asm." ' -
There were 31 present at the lunch
eon1, including three democrats, four
who have been progressives and one
described as an independent. The list
included Gocvernor James A. Good
rich of Indiana, Senator William H.
Calder of New York, T. Coleman Du
pont, Frank H. Silchock, Frank A.
Munsey, Jacob Schiff, Dr. Nicholas
Murray Butler and A. T. Hert and
R. K. Hynicka of the national com
mittee. Further conferences with promi
nent republican leaders were held by
Hays upon his arrival from Washington.
Omaha Lawyer Now Assistant
Adjutant at Fort Harrison, Ind.
Lieutenant George Sugarman of
Omaha, stationed at Fort Benjamin
Harrison, Ind., has been named assist
ant adjutant in, the court-martial de
partment. Before-winning his com
mission at Fort Snelling Lieutenant
Sugarman practiced law in this city.
He is "a brother of Martin Sugarman.
Lieutenant Sugarmanf passed afew
days in Omaha this week enroute
back to his post from Camp Funston,
where he went on official business.' He
is a graduate of Creighton law school,
having previously attended the Uni
versity of Michigan and Leland Stan
ford university. i .
: : -O
Wattles Seeks Lower Price
7 For Second Grade Potatoes
Second grade, or ' No. 2, potatoes
still are too higfi in price, declares
Food Administrator .Wattles. , The
price fixed for, potatoes in Omaha is
2zi cents per pound retail. . j. ' ,
Mr. Wattles has directed A. C. Lau
of Lincoln, field ajgent of the' food ad
ministration, to vhvestigate-the price
of potatoes with a view to having po
tatoes graded officially as No. 1 and
No. 2, .with the prospect of setting
a lower price on the second grade.
OMAHA, SATURDAY
IOWA BOY KILLED
IN ACTIDi: WAS AN
OMAHA RECRUIT
Private Reylet ;' of Harlan,
Named in Casualty Lists,
Enlisted in This City
;;i,v,-vLast-:Aprll.v'v.i
4 iPrivate jlelnier E,.Reyleft reported
killed in action in. the American sec
tor in France February 26, was , one of
the first to enlist' 'after "the entrance
of the United States into war. ( He
enlisted at the Omaha recruiting sta
tion April 19, 1917.
' Reylet is a' son -of .Mr., and- Mrs.
Adolph Reylet of. Harlan, la. He
was 20 years , old. .Before entering
the military service he was employed
as a clerk, iiu Harlan. He, served in
the 'infantry.1 - . !
Private Casper Schwab of Harlan,
la.,, reported : wounded; in action a
short time ago, and Reylet were
"bunkies." They enlisted in Omaha
the same day and. were assigned to
the same infantry regiment with the
expeditionary forces.
This is the second man from the
Omaha district to be killed in action.
Private Hays was the first man killed.
Filley Newspaper Burned
' Following Threats
Beatrice, Neb.,' March 1. (Special
Telegram.) Fire supposed to be of
incendiary-oi igin," wiped out the plant
of the Filley Spotlight at Filley, 12
miles east of Beatrice, today. W. C.
Cissna, the editor, -who recently
leased the plant from George Edson,
lost all his personal belongings. Re
cently he received , a letter stating
that if he did not cease his attacks on
the kaiser his blant would be burned.
The sheriff i. investigating the case.
The loss on the building and plant is
placed at $2,000, partially covered by
insurance.
Assistant to President of
Burlington Visits Omaha
Lee Spratlen of Chicago, assistant
to President Holden of the Burling
ton railroad, is in Omaha on business.
.
MORNING, MARCH 2,
They're Off!
M00MY MUST BE
HANGED, SUPREME
COURT DECLARES
San Francisco, Cal., March 1.
Thomas J. Mooney must hang as a
result of conviction on a murder
charge growing out of a bomb ex
plosion which killed 10 persons, here
in 1916, unless executive clemency in
tervenes, the state supreme corrt de
cided here' today in ..denying his! ap
plication for a - new- vtrial ' -' 1
WATTLES POTS O K.
ON FlNdlKGS OF
BREAD INQUIRY
Omaha Bakers Are Officially
Ordered to Sell Products
at: Seven arid' a Half
Cents Per Pound.
The finding of Referee Amos Hene
ly in the investigation made by the
food administration as to the cost of
making bread in Omaha has been of
ficially approved by State Foed Ad
ministrator' Wattles, and is now an
order.
. It requires ; that Omaha bakers
wholesale bread at 7 cents per
pound loaf.' The finding of Referee
Henely was that the bakers can pro
duce one-pound loaves of bread at
a cost of 6.3557 cents each;
' The bakers at the hearing in the
office of Attorney . John W. Parish
last week contended that they must
have 8 cents.
Salaries Too High.
The hearing brought out' the fact
that in their overhead charges they
had included salaries for the propri
etors, in some cases $13,000 each per'
year.
Referee Henely ordered these sal
aries slashed to $5,000.- Wattles ap
proved. Joseph Fradenburg, attorney rep
resenting the bakers in the hearing,
was asked if he is considering an ap
peal or whether he considers an ap
peal possible. '
"I wouldn't care to discuss the mat
ter," he said.
"In view of the facts," the referee's
finding read in part, "it seems that
during the country's present crisis the
bakers should be willing to co-operate
to the extent of selling bread at
wholesale at 7l cents a pound loaf,
and be satisfied with smaller profits
than they are now receiving."
Wattles Approves Cut.
In regacd to the salary of $250 a
week which Mr. Peterson and Mr.
Pegau each allow themselves as ex
ecutives in the Petson & Pcgau
bakery which salaries are charged
against'overhead expense and the cost
of pfoducing bread, the referee rec
ommended that these salaries be re
duced to $5,000 a year each, and again
Food Administrator Wattles ap
proved. '
It was also found that the expense
of sate and. delivery at the plant of
the Jay 'Burns Baking company should
be reduced by more than $4,000 a
month, and that wrapping and pack
ing expenses could be cut down about
$700. - -
Florida to Make Castor
Oil for Airplanes
Fremont, Neb., March 1. (Special.)
Thousands of acres of .land in Florida
will, be planted to castor beans this
year under government contract. The
beans are to be used to make oil for
airplanes, according to Dr. J. M.
Perrigo, who returned from a six
weeks' trip in . the "south. Dr. Per
rigo said the south shows much war
activity. " 4 '
1918 TWENTY PAGES
CAMP DODGE HEAD
ON FAVORED LIST
OF MEAT PACKERS
Pork Barorv's Letter , Tells of
Sending "Particular Old Cod
ger" Packages of Toilet
;.V's6ap in Mails.
-vV'-' .' ,'.; .'
Chicago, March .tAter running
the gamut from retail 'butcher , regu
lations to -huge orderg for beef fof
the- allic'sthe' federal' trade commis
sion investigation ofs the packing
house industry i today adverted to a
package of soap and, tpilet. articles,
the product of Armour & Co., and
their presentation to the commanding
officer at the Camp Dodge .canton
ment, Dcs Moines, la.
The soap incident entered the hear
ing when Francis J. Heney, counsel
for the commission, read into the rec
ord copies of letters which he ex
plained were taken from the files of
Armour Si Co. The first, under date
of October 18, 1917, bore the signa
ture of R. A. Rightmire of the Ar
mour Des Moines office. It said:
Granted Exclusive Right.
"We have been granted the exclu
sive right to build a sub-branch-close
to Camp Dodge1. I imagine a little
package of toilet articles and a few
bars of soap will be highly pleasing
to General Plummer. He is a par
ticular old codger and I imagine to be
very fussy about such things."
Other letters told of the sending
of the soap and toilet articles to the
general. There was delay in the ar
rival of the package and in reply to
a letter tracing it another letter was
read signed E. H. Plummer. It was
short and read: '
"Package not arrived. You know
my loyalty to Armour & Co. Noth
ing else will do. E. H. Plummer."
Receive Every Courtesy.
Another letter from the branch
manager told of the arrival and de
livery of the package. This letter
also included a sentence saying:
"We are doing a world business
every day at Camp Dodge and are
receiving every courtesy."
Examiner ' Manly, who presided,
said after the letters had been read
by Mr. Heney:
"I thought there was some- rule
against the establishment of branch
houses at camps with exclusive rights."
"I think there is such a rule," re
(Contlnued on Page Two, Column Two.)
BARBED WIRE FENCE AROUND
And Hoboken is Deserted, the "Cologne
Gazette" Seriously Tells Its Readers
NEW YORK, SAYS GERMAN PAPER
New "York, March 1. German
newspapers have informed their read
ers that New York City for its pro
tection has girded itself with a barbed
wire fence 625 miles in length.
The Germans also have been told
that 50,000 soldiers are guarding the
port of New York, that rigorous meas
ures have been taken in Chicago and
elsewhere and that Hoboken is de
serted. linder the caption, "American War
Fever' the Cologne Gazette of Jan
uary 16, a copy of which has been re
ceived in this city, publishes the fol
lowing dispatch under an Amsterdam
date:
- "It is reported from New York that
a barbed wire fence 1,000 kilometers
in length has been drawn around the
docks -and piers of New York. This
gigantic fence encircles the whole of
New York and also the adjoining
cities of Brooklyn, Hoboken and Jer
sey City. No one is allowed to pass
0 Trslss. it M.ttU.
Nn Stasis, It., u.
PRESIDENT MAY
SEND U. S. TROOPS
TO VLADIVOSTOK
Washington Government ' Considers International ;Ar-'.
rangement to Protect Trans-Siberian Railroad and. .,
" Vast Stores Threatened by German Invas-
ion; London Favors Jap Move. ' . 7 ,
Washington,' March 1. Japan's proposal for action in
Siberia has crowded German Chancellor von Hertling's speech
into second place in the consideration of officials here. -
Indications today are that decisions were being formed
which soon would show themselves in Some arrangement of an
international character to prevent the vast stores at Vladivos1
tok and control of the Transsiberian railway from falling into '
the hands of the advancing Germans. : ; y ; ';
SAMMIES WRECK
ENEMY TRENCHES
WITH BIG SHELLS
American Gunners Destroy.
German Position in Retalia
tion for Gas Attack; Six
Deaths Avenged.
. ; .... "
(Or Associated PrMS.) ,
With the American Army in France,
Thursday Feb., 28. Swift retribution
has fallen, upon the German batteries
-which thi week bqmbarded the Amer
ieaa trenches northwest of Toul with
gas shells, . . ' 'J ;,--'
i American heavy artillery concen
trated its fire on the German mitien
werfer batteries for half an hour to
day and 'obliterated the position. .
Many direct hits with high explo
sive shells were made by the Ameri
can gunners. Timbers were thrown
high; in the air and explosions of
enemy ammunition and gas resulted.
The ground about the German bat
teries was churned upside down-and
if there were any German soldiers
there they suffered death.
Tims' far six men have died' from
the effects of the German gas shells.
More than 80 arc in hospitals recov
ering from gas poisoning. Most' of
these cases, however, are slight and
only one man is reported to bt in a
grave condition.
Gunners Get' Range. ' '
Airplane photographs aided the
American gunners in their destructive
fire against the German batteries. The
photographs, taken yesterday, dis
closed the exact location of the min
enwerfers, with the result that it did
not take the gunners long to even up
the score with the enemy. f
The number of enemy shells falling
within the American lines has de
creased slightly in the last 24 hours,
but the artillery fighting .lias been
lively.
''While-art empty American ammuni
tion train was' halted at a place called
Dead Mail's point, a stray enemy shell
drooned hear bv and killed two men,
two horses that had run away and
wounded four men.
In a certain town behind the front
a German shell exploded near the
door leading to a telephone dugout,
blockliig" tht'irassageway. The opera
tors in the dugout, although in con
siderable danger, continued to work
the important lines, at the same time
calling for help. Soldiers were sent to
the dugout -and - the passageway re
opened. THe American artillery has kept up
a constant harassing and destructive
fire on enemy 'vital points such as
(Continued on Pas; Two, Column Two.)
through, this fence without permission
especially no enemy alien. -
. "Fifty thousand soldiers have been
detailed' to Buartl the port terminals
Any person found loitering in the vi
cinity of the barbed wire fence is shot.
All Germans who either reside or work
within the barbed' wire rone must
vacate the district immediately.
"In Chicago-alone 21.000 Germans
have been forced to move out of the
harbor district.. These rigorous regu
lations have caused great excitement
among the business men of the entire
country because they are compelled
to do without their German employes
if their, places of business are near
the docks. A delegation of master
butchers has vainly pleaded to an
aleviation of these regulations.
"The Germans who in .Hoboken
had built up a colony resembling a
little piece of Germany have all been
forced to -leave arni that port, which
already had suffered heavily from the
war, is now absolutely deserted."
single copy two cents.
t i,
VJ ". MAV TftTM lAPAM . ' .
Outward Indications' are that the .
president is studying. the question of'
American participation with the Jap- -aneie
in Siberia to the exclusion of,
other subjects. .' ' ' ' " ;
i The expectation that President Wil
son was planning to address 'con-'
gress very soon in reply to Von Her '
thng i speech was dissipated by evi
dences that the president is making
no such plana at this time and prob
ably does not consider it necessary to!
reply to the uerraan cnanceiior tor
the present at least. '.'. ' -
LONDON FAVORS JAP MOVE.
London, March 1. Japan propos
als with regard to Siberia and their
reception in Washington hat brought
the question of Japan's active partici-.
pation in -military operations to the
forefront here, : The , .developments
dominate the news columns of the
papers. ' "".',', :' ,. -.v,.
: A Rfnlrf catilcprarn niivWncr 'HiAiJ'
'sociated Press dispatch from. -Wash-
ton,'., is , civen . great - prominence in
type ;and position byV the1 morning
newspapers and is commented on ex
tensively, Some' papers display con
tributed ; articles setting, forth the
Japanese view of the situation.. s ,
. The bulk of the opinion favors
Japan's proposed action without qual
ification, and the plea, is made, in, some
quarters that it ought implicitly to be
trusted and given a free hand.- ,
The Morning Post; says i , . , ;
"Just as the United States was
fnrrpH trt a nnticv f( ihfrvnttrn iv
the German mence in the west, so
Japan is roused to Activity 'by the
German menace in the east.
"Japan is entirely -justified by the
danger, which, threatens jt in taking
steps to protect its interests in Man
churia and Siberia. If it is wise, it
will seek to be the deliverer of Rus
sia and to aim at freeing Russia from
the German yoke.
"It is to, be hoped the allies will
treat Japan with confidence and. the
hearty spirit of co-operation which it
has the right to expect as an ally.
There should be no niggling and
grudging assent" . t
' Support Japan's Attitude.,
The Daily News1 is not surprised
by the widespread cry raised for Jap
anese action, but htpes the allies very
carefully will consider, all that is in
volved in its proposal. It contends
that the intervention of Japan on
terms of conquest would be a crime
and that whatever is done must be
with the intention of conserving Rus
sia's interests.,
"Japan's message to Washington
shows it takes the correct view,"
adds the Daily News. "American
feeling is understood to be opposed
to a Japanese landing, but this view
.a Dvuitnnoi muuiiicu vy me Humid-
tion that joint action only is contem
plated. That condition ought to gov
ern any consideration of the idea."
An article by a diplomatic corre
spondent in " the Daily Chronicle
strongly supports Japanese action.' It
says the logic of events is so forcible
that it is difficult to conceive of the
allies failing to give the requisite in
vitation. In regard to American par
ticipation the article says:
"America has its hands full on the
western front, and any attempt to
divert men, munitions or tonnage
from that great objective is -to be
condemned. Moreover, any linking
of America with Japan in this vast
enterprise would be resented by Japan
as a mark of distrust in its ability
and disinterestedness." . v-, .'
The Daily Mail in the course of a
statement purporting to present the
Japanese view says: - - .
"Every intelligent Japanese thinks
the mandate for action, should ;be
based on the broad principles of
trusting Japan and that it should
not be handicapped by any entangling
advance conditions. '
"It is believed that Japan's allies
will realize the impracticability of
their co-operation in an , enterprise
of incalculable possibilities. One needs
only to suggest the pressing shipping
needs whjch America is now trying
to satisfy in respect to the European
situation,. There is also the. question
of food. ' ' " "
; Only Japan Can Act;-; '
"In respect to both shipping and
food, to 'say nothing of military man
power, it does not seem to the Jap
anese mind that .there is serious pos
sibility of any allied power doing any.
(Continued Pf Two, Column Tn) '