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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1918)
THE WEATHER 7
. - . i
VOL. XLVII NO. 220.
- A : : : ; ' - O. " s ' -I ' " T ' ' ' ' . -i i'-
HERMAN ARMY STOPPED
ON VICTORIOUS MARCH
' " -v- .
JapuK Ready for Joint Military Operations to Prevent
German Invasion of Siberia; Washington Govern
' ment Silent on Portentious Move to Pr;i::t
London. Feb. 28. The German army has received order
r to stop its advance into Russia, according to the Petrograd cor
respondent ot; the Exchange Telegraph company, who has re
- ceived information to this effect which he Regards as reliable.
n Washington, Feb 28. Japan's move to develop the feeling
of the allies toward a proposal for joint military operations in
Siberia to keep the vast stores at Vladivostok and also the
Trans-Siberia railway from falling into the hands of the Ger
man invaders of Russia was widely discussed today among dip
lomats and off icials. All were reluctant to give opinions for
JAPS ARE KJSAIJi. .
; Opinion in London that the dfcla
' ration by the Japanese foreign minis
ter, Count Motono, in the Japanese
Diet could only be interpreted as a
declaration that Japan was about to
intervene was regarded as further evi
. dence of the negotiations now pro
ceeding between the co-belligerents to
make the action of an international
character, probably including the par
ticipation of American forces. "'
, While all officials here are silent and
! disposed to minimize discussion of the
subject, it is known that exchanges of
opinion are going on with the object
of a perfect understanding between
Japan, the United States -and the
other co-belligerents which would
make the plan of. joint action wholly
acceptable to au ana jnorQCgwj
.f .in its extent, ua 0009.-
RUSS OPPOSE MOVE. v
' v Russian representatives here oppose
r action by the Japanesein Siberia, but
the i co-btlligerents -are thoroughly
alarmed lest the vastjquantities of sup
plies piled up at Vladivostok, bought
and paid tor witn American' casn,
should fall into the hands .of the Ger-
. mans. ; : -' ' -.
. : ,T6 Protect Siberia.
London, Feb. 28. A Speech made
Sundav by Viscount Motono and re
ports from; Paris as to Japan's pos-
smie activities in view 01 me uerman
advance into Russia are ;iven promi
nence by the morning newspapers. .
The Times says it understands that
the statement of the Japanese foreign
niin'ster is regarded in well-informed
quarters as .an authoritative declara
tion on Japan's policy. In its edi-
torial comment, the Daily Mail says
"General Fochjs appeal to Japan
and the United States to co-operate
in confronting.the Germans in Siberia
isanswered by Viscount Motono as
far. as Japan is concerned. If an al
leged expedition, in which Japan and
' America would necessarily have lead
. ing parts, could control the Siberian
railway ana witn it tne ricn rood rais
(Continued on Pace XIto, Column Four.)
Washington, Feb. 28. The bill to
govern federal operation of railroads
was passed by tne nouse tonight by a
vote of 337 to 6. ,
, Two democrats and four republicans
voted against the measure when the
final test came. They were Thomas,
Kentucky, altd Gordon, Ohio, demo
crats; and Chandler, Oklahoma; Deni
son, Illinois; Haugen, Iowa, and Ram
seyer, Iowa, republicans. .
For Nebraska Fair; warmer.
, Temperatures In Omaha Yesterday,
6 . m..
T a. m..
8 a. m..
9. a. m..
10 a. m. .
It a.' m..
z p. m.
J P. m.
4 p. m.
6 p. m.
9 p. m,
T p. m
S p. m
: Comparative local Becord. -
fc v mis. mi.
Highest' today IS 34 So II
Lowest today ...... 24 21 21 24
Mean temperature . . 30 ' 28 ;g ji
Precipitation . '. 12 .00 .u ,gg
Temperature and precipitation departure!
from the normal at Omaha alnca March lit.
and compared with the past two ycari
Normal temperatnra ' 21
Exceaa for the day ", 2
Total deficiency sine March 1, U17 "su
Norma precipitation 'lnch
JSXOBM iw in way
Prmilnltatlon aince Mar. 1. 1917 t r. . ..' I
Dettciencr tnc March l. iit.. 7.n b,cll
jjeiioe"t w. iiinna ii.13.lg Inches
Deficiency for cor. period IMS; .u irch
Brports From Stations at 7 p. jj
Stallone and Stat . Temp. High- Rain.
oi nv., p. iu. eet.
Cheyenne, elear ........ 19 ..... j0
Davenport, partly cloudy ' 11
Denver, cloudy ,.. it - ' 24
pes Moines, clear ...... : , 33
Under, clear ....,.. 14 . ' jo
L-A. WELSH. Meteorolofist
IOWA MAN KILLED
ARE BADLY HURT
Pershing Reports Casualties
Among Americans in France
from Effects, of Shells
i f .and GaXBombs. : f
WsWh vrebort6of j today" one Ameri-
a fSpidier, itledIti'action 04 f ebru-
ary 40, tne ay, 01 :, tne ; uerma.n gas
attack; three " dead , from gas" and
18 severely wounded on the same day.
Private, Helmer-,lj:,;ReyIef of Har
lan, la., was ' killed in action.
Private Joseph 'ASthumacher of
Bristol, Pa., .and" Sid 4 Cofcman of
Cord, Ark., died on, February 26, and
Private George--E. Galloway of Fair
mont, : N. C. on February 27 from
gas. . " ?; ', -Names
The men severely injured were:
Sergeant William J. Fagan, Madi
son, Pa.; Corporal William O'Con
riell, Cambridge, Massi Corporal
Glenn L. Van CSice Waverty, N. Y
and Privates Jacob Anger, Louisville,
Ky.; . Kobert M. ceatty, , Hammond,
Ind.; Frank P. Mahoney Muncie,
Ind.; Alvin M. Masterson, Rochester,
Ind.; Schuyler C Mower, Monticello;
Ind.: David E. Plunkett. Hammonds-
ville, O.; Adam Bielawsky,.Irvington,
N. J.; Emu M. Cote, Manchester, N.
H.: Walter J. Daum. West ' Orange,
N. J.; Marvin R. . Dunn, Anderson,
Ind.: Addison ,W. Jones, Hopkins-
ville, Ky.; Joseph Golden, New York;
James W. Griffin, Livingston, Ky.;
Chester u1 Harris, Alban, K. I.-
- '...'-) Many Are Shelled.
The privates were members of a
trench mortar battery. , ,
Wagoner John ' Brown, Muncie,
Ind.; also was severely wounded Feb
ruary 26, and Private Bernard J. Beck
with, Morocco. Ind., was slightly
wounded on the same date.
Sergeant Casper M. Heckemeyer,
St, Louis, Mo., and Private Clyde S.
Batts, Elizabeth, N. J., were wounded
"Bud" Cohn Arrives at Eastern
fort With 12th
Top Sergeant Mayer L. "Bud" Cohn
has arrived at an eastern port with
the Twelfth balloon company, which
left FortjOmaha several ; days ago.
Young Cohn, one of the most popular
flying cadets at' the Fort Omaha bal
loon school, was - promoted- from top
sergeant to an M. S. E. (master signal
electrician) just before his departure.
He will, ' however; act as top' ser
geant until the , balloon company ar
rives in France. Cohn as M. S. E.
will supervise eases, trucks and other
equipment of he balloon" company
The promotion' carries with.it three
months' special raining in Paris un
der direction of French experts. , ;
Young Cohn has been an ardent stu-.
IrtAnf rf T0itnral ann frnmrat enh.
jects since a boy. He specialized in
gas engine work at school and won
recognition at Fort Omaha for his
knowledge of special subjects. -
He was graduated from Northwes.li.
em Military and Naval academy. Lake
Geneva, Wis. He is a son of Mr. and
Mrs. Louis M. Cohn, Colbert apart
ment. His father is connected with
the Spiuberger Millinery company.
The Eastern Front
'. 1 i : ' ' . .. . , .. -
GUARD TO DEATH;
:,L-i ' -' .. -' '-.1 ..'
Three Men in Missouri Peniten
tiary Murder Their Keeper
and Scale High Wall W
Jefferson City, Mo., Feb. 28,Eli
Jenkins, guard at the Missouri state
prison, was killed by two convicts this
morning?-- The convicts, with a third
whom they released, scaled the prison
wails and escaped.
When Guard Jenkins opened the
cell door to let Convicts Kenneth
Brewer and David Bartlett go to work
in the prison dining room they seized
and bound him and then stabbed him
to death. ;
Locking: the body of the dead aruard
in their cell, the convicts unlocked the
cell of Toe Fmney. The three then
placed boards over the 'wall and
climbed out. The convicts were serv.
ing terms of from five to eight years
Texas House Votes to v
Ratify Dry Amendment
Austin, Tex., Feb. 28. The lower
house of the Texas legislature this
afternoon finally passed the resolution1
for ratification of the federal prohibi
tion amendment by a vote of 71 to 29,
The bill now goes to the senate.
The senate late today passed the bill
providing for the investment of
15,000,000 of state funds in short time
Kovernment certificates. The bill
passed the house yesterday. The bill
now goes to the governor.
OMAHA," FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH
Wholesale Selling of Loaves
Will " Be at Figures Fur
' ; nished by Administrator '
With flour and the ingredients that
go into bread making remaining at
the present, prices, the Omaha bakers
can produce pound loaves of bread
at 6.3557 cents each. This bread they
can( sell at wholesale at 1XA cents
loaf, making a fair profit
, The foregoing is a feature .of the
findings of Amos Henely, referee, ap
pointed by State Food Inspector Wat
ties to nuke inquiry into the cost of
Dread making. The hearing was con
ducted by John W. Parish, renresent
ing the . government This hearing
consumed a number of days and be
fore Referee Henely a large number
ot Dakers Qf Omaha were called to
testify concerning what it cost them
to manufacture, bake and place bread
on tne shelves of the eroceries of the
The findings of the referee will eo
to State Food Director Wattles, who
will make his report to Food Adminis
trator Hoover, who is expected to
make an order determining at what
price bread shall be sold in Omaha.
In his findings, Referee Henely sug
gests that. ."In view of the facts, it
seems that dunng the country s pres
cm crisis, ine oaKers snouia oe wui'
ing to co-ooerate to the extent of
selling bread at wholesale, at lYi cents
a pound loaf, and be satisfied with
smaller profits than they are now re
Referee Henely finds that at the
Petersen & Pegau bakery, the pro
prietors allow themselves salaries of
$250. a week, each, charging this
against the overhead expenses of the
plant, and against the cost of bread
production. He recommends that
these salaries be reduced and that
$5,000 a year, each, would be fair and
equitable compensation for the bak
It is recommended that the ex
pense of wrapping bread in oil paper
be eliminated, at least during the con
tinuance of the war. This, it is said,
would helo to reduce the cost to the
consumer, without in any way impair
ing the quality of the product.
Overhead Expense High.
It is declared that the overhead ex
penses at the Jay Burns taking com
pany are too high and should be re
duced. 1 , ;
The federal body also finds that the
sale and delivery expenses at the
Burns- clant should be- reduced by
more than $4,000 a month and wrap
ping and packing expenses eliminated
in the sutiof more than $700.
In the testimony of officials of the
Schultz Baking company, C. W. Ort
man. Otto Wagner, W. J. Elsasser.
Bakke and Alfred Petersen, the
federal inquiry found that they knew
nothing about the cost of production
and kept few, if any, books. . i
1, ,1918 FOURTEEN PAGES
FEDERAL TRADE BODY
ASKS CONGRESS TO ACT
Seek Special and Speedy Legislation to Pre
vent Powerful Chicago Combine From
. .Carrying Out Alleged Plan to Control :
Meat Industry of United States
Washington, Feb. 28.-Special and speedy legislation to lay bare th confl-
dential files of the great meat packers and ' disclose what government ; mvesti-
gators believe will show plans to take complete charge of the meat industry was
asked of congress today by the federal trade commission. r v :
GREAT TASK, SAYS
SISTER III OMAHA
U. S. Commander in France
Never Writes of War,-She
Declares as She' Shies
Getting an interview from Miss
May Pershing, General Pershing's
sister, who is visiting in Omaha from
her Lintjln home, is about as easy as
taking an enemy trench; Mis Persh
ing:j4 si retiring woniatJvUh r. dis
tinct abhorrence '...for sppcaring in
"The, general has-a great task be
fore him, I hope hM gets- the 'r'sht
kind of support, which he. needs. That
MISS MAY PERSHING.' -
is, of course, the principal thing !n
which I am interested," Miss Persh
ing graciously consc'nte- to say "for
publication." ' . ; V. .''
Miss .Pershing said the general
never writes of the war situation in
his letters. What news he has is re
served for emanation from official
sources. 1 v
Miss Pershing s carint for Gen
eral Pershing's onty son, Warren,
while the general is in France. Miss
Pershing and her nLce, Mrs. Frank
Tipton, attended the Service league
While in Omaha the two women
member of the head of American
forces in France werj entertained by
Major and Mrs. Robert L. Hamilton
at Fort Crook. The-fHairiltons are
former Lincoln friends..
Call State' Bank Reports.
(From a Staff CorrpTondent.)
Lincoln. Feb. 28. (Special.) The
state banking board, has issued a call
for state banks for reports dating to
February 25. There are 935 banks to
whom notices were sent' '; '
t ft f ;
Here Are Instructions for ,
Special instructions have been re
ceived by Postmaster Fanning gov
erning mail to prisoners of war in
All letters must bear on the en
velope the name of the sender. AIT
parcel post packages must bear ajso
the relation of thr. sender to the pris
oner of war. c
Only one package month can be
sent to each prisoner, and the pack
age must weigh not more than 11
pounds. It must bear, in addition. to
the name and location of the prisoner,
the address. "Prisoner of War Mail,
via New York."
If more than oue package reaches
0 Tralst, at Hotels. .
Nmn SUsaX Et St.
' t HENEY ATTACKS VEEDER. .
On recommendation of Francis J. Heney, special counsel
conducting the commission's investigation, who has been re
strained by court orders from taking further papers and also
from using those already seized by his agents, the commission
laid the facts before congress and asked for action. ' , :
Charging that Henry Veeder counsel for the packers, isv
still the custodian of many papers which have beenrused as
instrumentalities in the commission of felonies, Mr. Heney asked
for a supplement to the espionage law to facilitate the' govern- '
ment's inquiry into the industry. - r , 1
heat price not
11. s.,says heney
'w.ifV' : ii "''-'V- r
Purchascsv-Were Made by Gov
, ernmerit Without Knowing
1 r What ; Amount Would .
- Come To; No Bids.
V ; (Br Assoc In td Prwis.)
i Chicago; Feb. 28. Details of the
winner in which army contracts for
meat were to be filled were contained
-in letters, read, by Francis "J. Heney
at tlie packers' hearing. The letters
showed that, the requirements of the
government were 4,368,000 pounds of
bacon a month. '
Under date of August 21, 1917, one
of the fetters trom the hwift hies,
written by A. B. Swift to L. F E. F.
and C. Swift, said the quartermaster's
department would ask the . smoke
house capacity of each , packer and
the amount of bacon available each
month. The department would then
figure the requirements and advise
the packers how much bacon to put
down for the several deliveries, the
packers to keep track of the cost and
then furnish the. department with the
cost of the amount delivered, the cost
to include "whatever profit" - they
might care to add. The bids were to
be accepted at the first month price,
but as a check on a too high price,
subsequent orders would be given to
the low.bidder up to the extent of his
auuuy 10 uciivcr, iiic icnti oom.
The letter said the idea of the gov
ernment was to "favor the packer
having the lowest cost.
Colonel Meets' Packers.
Another, letter introduced referred
to xht army beef supply and told of a
conference between ColoneLKniskern
and representatives of Armour, Swift,
Cudahy, Morris and Wilson com
panies. At the conference, the letter
said, the amount of beef needed for
October delivery. was placed at iu,
000,000 pounds, of which, on the basis
of capacity, Swift & Co. would furnish
30 per cent, Armour & Co. SO per cent,
Morris ot K.O. io per ecm, vvnson' oj
Co.' 15 per cent, and Cudahy & Co.
10 per cent. The plan for beef bids
differed from the bacon bidding. Each
bidder was asked if he could furnish
a larger amount than that percentage
and the low bidder was to be awarded
the full amount which he could fur
nish, regirdless of the percentage
Reference was made eatly in the
day to a ruling of W. F. Preibe of
the food administration, in charge of
(Continued on rage tnve, Column Two.)
Prisoners of War
New York addressed to any prisoner
within one month, the package from
the nearest relative will be forwarded
and swiders of the others will be no
tified. Only the following articles may be
sent in prisoner of war 'packages:
Belts (not leather), brushes, buttons,
candy (hard), cigars, cigarets, smok
ing and chewing ; tobacco," socks,
sweaters, underwear, combs, crackers,
biscuits, gloves (not leather), hand
kerchiefs, pocket knives, needles and
thread, pins, pipes, pencils, pens, safe'
ty razors and blades, shavine soao.
scarfs, shirts, shoe laces (not leather),
toilet soap, personal photographs and
periodicals published before the war.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
STOP SEARCH WARRANT! :
After Federal Judge K.' M.-Lsndis
of Chicago had issued a search war
ran authorising the seizure of impor
tant documents in the possession of
Veeder, the federal circuit court of
appeals restrained a marshal from re-
moving or examining any . of thd t
papers In Veeder's vault and, further
,ltota examining or in any way using '
papers already seized by tne govern-'
ment:- '-?.. : ' - ' ' i
,Specifically,vMr4.Hene asked thai-. - f
congress ,Jwjend or supplement the
espionage act so that the "decision of
a judge who issues a search warrant
shall be conclusive, upon the question .
of the existence of probable cause;
and that a summary proceeding al
ready provided" by the statute for the '
determination of the question of
whether the property seized under the ; y
writ was used for the commission cf
a felony shall likewise be conclusive ''
for the purpose only of enabling the
court to retain such property in the , ;
custody of the law until the, purpose s
for ist seiziftre shall have been .
served." ' ,:. &yJty;- .
TIES GOVERNMENT'S HANDS. '
The action of the appellate court in '
Issuing toe stay, Mr. Heney said, pre
vented the government from even ex- 1
amining papers already in its posses
sion and which a federal district court- -had
found had been used "by Swift
St Co. and other corporations as the .
means, of committing felonies,"
In its letter to Vice President Mar
shall, as president of the senafe, the f J
federal trade commission described .
those question "to be of such vital im- '
portance to its work and, possibly the '
work .of other departments of ; the
government as to require its" calling
the matter to the attention of con- "
gress." . ' ; , ".
Counsel Heney, In his letter, de
clared that Veeder at the beef .trust ,
trial in 12, after the statute of limi
tations had expired, had testified that
for many years his office was the
clearing house for he five big pack
ers in a criminal conspiracy "which '
they maintained for the .fixing of'
prices and the control of the meat in-
Name "Big Five."
"The evidence which we have gath
ered in the present investigation."
continued Mr. Heney, "strongly tends
to prove that this conspiracy, with
some flight modification to its scope
and purposes, has continued in ex
isteiice ever since and is still active,
and that Veeder is still the custodian -of
many papers which have been used
in the pursuance thereof as instru-. ,
mentalities in the commission of fel
onies." . ;
The Swift, Armour, Morris, Wilson
and Cudahy packing companies are :
specifically mentioned in the alleged
"commission of felonies." ' , , -.s..
James B. Reynolds, secretary of the
republican national committee, and
John C. Eversman, formerly secre
tary of the republican congressional
(Continued on Pe Five, Column One.) .
m PERISH ON
London, Feb. 23. The British hos "
pital ship Glenart Castie had 181 -persons
on board, it was stated un
officially, when it went down Tuesdaj
in the Bristol channel. . , ;
Three parties, aggregating 38 ner.
sons, have been landed at. Swansea, -Milford
and Pembroke, t;.
None of1 the others : has . been
heard . from. . The missing . includt
about seven women nurses.
Survivors landed at Swansea de
clared the ship was torpedoed by a
submarine. No submarine was seen
by them, but a dim light was seen on
the surface of the water before ths
ship was shaken by an explosion.
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