Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1918)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: FEBRUARY 24, 1918.
PACKERS CONTEND EMPLOYES'
POVERTY DUE TO LAZINESS
CITE WELFARE ENDEAVORS
Attorney For Workcrt Say Familicf "Back of Yard",
Forced to Accept Aid From Public Charities; Meat
Magnates Attempt to Show Many Hare
, (By Associated Press.)
Chicago, Fb. . 23-Harvey C Ellerd, supervisor of Ar
mour A Co.'s employes' welfare and relief department, testi
fied in the stock yards wafe arbitration today that living con
dition "back of the yards" are better than in Chicago Ghetto
and other congested, over-crowded tenement house Section of
the city's industrial centers.
He admitted there were many families in the "back of
the yards" district who lived in over-crowded, unsanitary quar
ters and who might not bo properly clothed and fed, but said
all of them were not employed at the stock yards and that
many of these might be accounted for by the fact that the hus
band was either dead or had abandoned his family.
LaK OF THRIFT. 0" ' ,"' :
Bad personal hsb(ts, lack of thrift
and poof management of household
affairs if either the husband or wife, ,
or both, were mentioned as otner
causes which led to poverty and suf
fering by packing house employes,
The witness did not discuss wagls,
saying that he had no Information
on that subject.
He said he did not know whether
the big packers ever considered the
cost of living when fixing working
scales. Witness said the amount of
wages employes should receive was
always Open to discussion.
He referred to two typical home!
recently visited by Judge Atchulr,
the arbitrator, in his trip through the
"back of the yards" district. The
heads of both families worked St the
stock yards and received $16,50 a
week. One house was a model of
neatness and comfort with the chil
dren well dressed and properly
nourished, while the other was filthy
and uninviting with the children
ragged and poorly fed. He said the
only way to account for the difference
of the two homes was in the character
of the heads of the family.
Bank Figures Talk.
He read figures from three of the
largest stock yards savings banks to
show that a large majority of the
packing house employes were thrifty.
In 1912 these banks had 14,249 say
ings accounts which increased to 23,
486 in 1917. The total livings At
posits in these banks increased from
$3,148,580 in 1912 to $5,967,901 In 1917.
He said a majority of the savings dei'.
positors were packing house em
ployes. He said there were 40 buitdr
ing and loan associations in operation
in the district which had enabled thou
sands to buy "their own homes,-
It was brought out that many of
the employes had purchased Liberty
bonds and were paying for tbtm in
The witness explained in detail the
work done by the Welfare and relief
department of Armour and company.
A medical department with fiye. staff
surgeons and three nurses,' a consult
ing surgeon and a pathologist were
employed in connection With the; op
eration of an emergency hospital and
laboratory. Last year 7,904 Surgical
and 2,115 medical cases were , given
treatment, i ' ' ' '
Thirty-two thousand persons were
vaccinated. He said the object was
to furnish free medical attention to all
employes unable to pay for treatment.
He said the welfsr burestf even
loaned employes money at times
when they were in trouble. The com
pany also has a pension psy roll of
$15,000 g year, which ceres for. 75
Attorney Frank P. Walsh, for the
employes, vigorously attacked the
statements of the Witness on cross
examination and. sought to show that
the charity work done by the packers
was relatively unimportant.
Attorney Walsh read statement
showing inert were 1J public charity
agencies in the stock yards district
which last year furnished relief to 13,
000 families. H said St the free
tuberculosis dispensary there Ire at
present 2,309 cases of . consumption
cither now under treatment or under
observation and that the' principal
predisposing causes of the disease In
the district as given by the attend'
ing physicians are: Bad living condi
tions, improper food, bad. conditions
of employment and lack of proper rest
The county agent, ' he said, was
called upon last month to furnish re
lief to 658 families.
Coal Output Low.
Washington, Feb, 23. Bituminous
coal production in January was at the
lowest rate since September, 191671ft
making public the figures today the
geological survey blames the slump
entirely on rSilrosd congestion. The
January Output was 42,727,000 tons,
an average of 1,643,000 tons dally.
(By AMlated Trent.)
London. . Feb. 23, With the
capture of Jericho, General Al
lenby has made another stride
forward in his task of clearing
Palestine of the Turk.
The place itself was before the
war only a small collection of
hovels, but trscks and roads
which pass over a great concrete
bridge that the Germans had
built across the Jordan since the
war began, and convenient fords
make it an important military
base. Its capture gives the Brit
, ish another road leading north
ward to the Turkish base at
Ift addition; the city controls
the road to, the coait and the
direct mountain highway from
Jerusalem. The Turks also are
eprlved of an important road
running behind their front that
enabled them to send troops to
threatened sectors, and it is even
possible that the Turkish forces
have been completely separated.
Jericho is near the northern
extremity of the Dead Sea, 14
miles northeast of Jerusalem.
' The ancient Jericho, which .
was situated to the west of the
modern Jericho, was town of
considerable else, It was the first
Csnaantte city to be reduced by
the Israelites, who, the Biblical,
story relates, encompassed its
destruction by the blowing of
trumptte. " - "
FORESEE WAR'S END
IN FEW MONTHS
U. S. Officer in Address at
Camp Dodge Bays British Get
- Hum" and' Americans
lfed It. !' -
Camp Dodge, Ii Feb; 2J.-Major
General E. H. Mummer, commander
of the 88th national army division", in
an address delivered at a Washing
ton's birthday celebration at the Camp
Dodge Liberty theater tonight laid
that British Officers on the western
front were predicting that the war
would end in a few months.
"They believe that the Germans
have enough and Would quit today
were it not for the victory propa
ganda which has been spread by them
at home," he said.
"They believe that when large num
bers of American troops appear on
the western front th German leaders
will announce that they cannot whip
the world, and will be ready to make
peace on terms agreeable to the !
In speech before the Dei Moines
Chamber of Commerce today, Gen
eral flummer discussed the prohibi
tion question briefly ss it relates to
The. British soldiers are given a
daily ration of rum, he said, a neces
sary thing for men under the great
strain on the systems of the trench
"And I hops the prohibitionists will
not be too hard on the Amberlcan sol
diers," the general suggested in this
Connection. "No one over here can
realize the strain under which these
men in the trenches are continually
kept, and I have been told by medical
officers that these men, suffering con
tinuous bodily and mental shock, re
quire such stimulant that it is nec
essary for them."
Our new shoe repair department Is the "Biggest Kind of
a Hit" Omahans find It so very handy to send in their
shoes to be repaired when they send In their clothes to be
H DRESNER BROS.
Dyers, CIcanar, Hatters, Furriers,
, , 'Tailors, Rug Cleaners, Shoe Repairers
Phone Tyler 345 Vw?i
Paris, Feb. 23. Standing on
.tlie steps of tm equestrian
'statue of Washington, in' Place
. D'lena, Stephen Pichon, for
eign minister Of France, made
an address to a great throng
today. Speakihg in the name
of the French government he
"What we glorify at the foot
of this statue is not only the
commander-in-chief of the
troops that won independence
for America, but the personi
fication of the people without
whom, in the terrible hours in
which we are living, humanity
Would be on the point of perish
ing." , '
Assembled around the monu
ment were some hundreds of
distinguished Frenchmen- and
American residents of Paris.
Two companies of marines were
drawn up before the monument.
M. Pichon said that Wilson
and Washington contended for
the same principles. -
NEW YORK PEOPLE
IN K PARADE
500,000 h ew Yorkers Watch
Soldier" Brothers and Sons
March in Great Patri
U. S. Calls for Service
From Patent Law Experts
Washington, Feb. 23. Secretary
Lane today appealed to patent law
experts who have received part of
their training as examiners in the
patent office, to return and serve the
government in its present emergency
by taking positions as examiners if
only for a year,
The law provides for scarcely
enough examiners for the normal
business Of the patent office and the
force is now 15 per cent short from
men going into private practice and
military duty. Attempts to fill the
vacancies through the civil service
commission and by appeals to uni
versities have failed. .
"Dandy Sixth" Officer Has
Arrived Safety In France
Word has been received from Phil
lip A. Rlsch, formerly captain of the
South Side, company of the "Dandy
Sixth," that he has arrived in France.
He Is nmv abjilet officer.
(AtlM No. 15.)
Chiropractic Is Rightly . Termed
"Nature's Way To
. ... . Health.";.
The growth of enlightenment and
huiilaii progress, has eomeMo cast its
blessing upon all sufferers sufficient'
ly enlightened and attuned to accept
the proffered Sid. Nature's true Help
mate (ChirOpractle) has tbitit to stay,
and we, its disciples and exponents,
only'ask the opportunity to prove and
demonstrate to the sick, hopeless and
despondent that, Ho matter how seem
ingly incurable your case may appear)
Chiropractic holds out Jk helping
hand to the sick, and Cases thrff have
beerl given up by Other methods have
responded to the Chiropractic Ad
justment and are enjoying good
' Chlropmettc Is commas ne.. All we
ask (it you It to think, Act and ltittgta
elusion. Art the Chiropractor ttt literature
efl th Science and different disease- that
the hlliitan body la subject to. fchlropractlo
It SerO to stay, to afford telle! to those
that are tiven up by other methods, and to
teaeh the world that Clod and Nature are
Supreme in the healing arts as In every
thing elat, Nature hae made at what We
af. arid only Nature carl keep u SO I and
whett thin logical and tana condition la
readied then, and therl only, wilt dlteaee
lote Itt terrors and become the tlave of
Conscience and Reason, and in fnany In
ftfieca It la yet It matter, The canst thus
removed, the effect fntitt cease. Act today
ta yell wil k,T tegreti tomorrow. De
lays are datigefom. Any Chiropractor win
five you ten rnlhtltet of Ma time to explain
and demonstrate to you with the spinal
column how nerve pressure Is caused by a
alight subluxation M the vertebrae.
Two Basic Facta In the light of What
hit already been explained, the intelligent
mind Will bt able to deduct the two most
baalo fact of Ohirirpractlc:
Flratwrttat the physical cause of so-called
disease la vertebral subluxation and nerve
Second That the Chiropractor, wltH'hls
trained and Intelligent hands, will, by' ad
justing the vertebrae that are tubltixated,
remove the cause of disease.
A aublutatiofl It that condition In the
Spinal column where a vertebra is partly
out ef Hne, pressing cm nerve's. How does my
eplne get out of line? ThetO vertebrae (frfiall
bones on the spinal column) are wrenched
out of line by shoo as, jars, .twists or any
concussion of force strong enough to wrehrh
them out of position.' The Chiropractor ap
plet the adjustment to the Vertebrae, the
nerve are freed, and th result It health.
Sick men and Women 1 If failure has at
tended other methods ta restore yetir health,
please consider thia fe personal Invitation
t took Into the merits of Chfropactrlc
Spinal Adjustment, No other health method
la meeting more favor at th hand ef the
public than the Science of Chlropractlo, In
twenty-two year the science ha made It
self known all over the United State tt a
drugles healing method of great benefit
Power and grace" ef body depend On eup-
Sleneat of th spine. Throw your shoulders
ack. Mold up your ehest. Keep your back
and heck lit ttratght lino and the rest Of the
body Will take ear of ittelf. Of course, if
th tplnat tegmenta art out of line you
Peed help ta get them back In plane where
you earl help yourself. The Chiropractor
applies the adjustments to help that you
cannot gIVt yourself. Qet hi help, get
right, then ttay right. Disarranged muscles
mean sublutated vertebrae, and these mean
impinged nerves. Chiropractic Adjustments
put th vertebrae back in place, train the
rhuscle to hold them there, and tintm-
pinged nerve flow Is the result. CHIRO
PRACTIC: The key to the relief of diseased
conditions In all parts of the body ky the
release of nerve compression that causes
them to exist. Your failure te listen to the
Chiropractor ta merely sending away un
heard the on Who may help you solve
your health problem. CONSULTATION
Next Sunday Article No. Is "Art of
Chiropractic" will b printed In The Bee.
Soldier may teouft adjustment Ire 01
oharg from any Chiropractor.
Name of th prominent Chiropractor in
th following listed title
Blllmgham, S. A L..D. C, Craightofi Bldg.
Burners, frank t .. D, C. 414 SeeurltlcS Bldg.
Carpenter, l N, D. C, 494 Brandeis Theater
Idwardt, Lee W r). o., 14th and Faraam.
lohntte, Drs. J. T, and Mlnni F., 1825
W. O. W. Bldf. Doug. 6529
Lawrence, J, a, D. C. Baird Bldg.
rurvian. W, I., 4l) Paxton Block, Six
teenth and Farnam. DourUs 4942.
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA
w t BUM, D. g- S41H W. Broadway.
Willi. Js J., b, 0,, IS North Maid 6t
Aerni, Clara, D. C. Telegram Bldg.
Berhenke, F. H D. C SOS North Main St
Embree, J S. D. O, 6th and Main Sta.
Athworth, S. L.. D. C. 608 Fraternity Bldg.
Dierk A Dierka. D. a. Old Post Offic Bldg.
(By Atmclated freee.)
New York, Feb. 23. If the spirit j
of George Washington could have ;
been abroad in New York yester-
day. arid there were many who felt
it was, the soul of America's first
great chieftain must have been thrilled
There was a parade of soldiers on
Fifth avenue nearly 10,000 of them.
But Fifth avenue has seen so many
parades, there was nothing novel in
a military pageant. New Yorkers have
cheered loyally all kinds and condi
tions of soldiers. They did not cheer
today. They felt more like weeping.
What they saw was more than a pa-
One Million Pairs of
Shoes for U. S. Fighters
Washington Feb. 23. Al
though the War kpartment
now has on hand and contracted
tor a total of 15,437,001 pairs of
shoes, Secretary ' Bp.ker an
nounced tonight that more than
l ,000,000 pairs of shoes will have
to be obtained for the army this
year. This is made necessary by
the building up of adequate
stocks of reserves, both in
France and in this country.
General Pershing, having in
mind the length of time shoes
are expected to last the men in
France, has requested shipments
of 18,590 pairs of shoer for each
25,000 men monthly, ir approxi
mately nine pairs of shoes per
rade. It seemed to them like a sol
Five hundred thousand men, women
and children stood for two hours or
more in a sweeping snow storm and
a stinging wind to see their sons and
brothers and sweethearts marching by
men of the national army.
Gotham's Own Army.
The men in line were New York's
own and tliev were typical of the
great polyglot city. Swarthy Arme
nians strode side by side with fair
haired Scandinavians. Iris!- boys
rubbed elbows with Jews. Indians
trudged beside Poles. Here and there
was a Chinaman and here and there
i was a face that was typically lankee.
Sons and Daughters of the Kevolu
i tion marched with boys whose fathers
! tvere immigrants a generation ago..
! But every one ' tb r" was a citizen
i6f the United States and they were
soldiers all. liiey naa oten iuseu
in the great melting pot of war.
All Trades Pepresented.
Five months ago the same boys
had rambled through the 6ame street
a nondescript throng o- individuals,
clerks and mechanics, bookkeepers
and brukers. grocery boys and long
shoremen repr .se'nting almost ev
ery trade and profession and almost
every race under fl. . Sun. They were
the raw material from which armies
They came back today, men of the
77th division, national army, Camp
Upton, welded:' f6gether into com
pact military units. Brigades, regi
ments, battalioifs, battels and com
panies strode through the wide street
in heavy marching . order with the
swinging stride of veteran?. Their
bronzed cheeksf gloftfcd with health
and their clear feyes shotie fcith pride
no tlinv atennprl hrialclv tlli'Ol'cll tllC
haze of falling snow to the stirring-'
mu9i'c of their regimental binds'. 5 s
Not a sword nor an inch of goUT
lace was to be seen. Brigadier Gin--eral
Edmund Wittenmeyer, with a
single gold star on the sleeve of his
service overcoat, marched t the head
of the line like the humblest dough
boy of the lot. They were grim, de
termined, businesslike. Young cap
tains and- lieutenants who were carv
ing out peaceful careers a few months
deo. barked- commands which were
dbeyed with machine-like precision.
V "Eyes Front." .
"Eyes' roilt" was-the crder, and
under the spell of Discipline only a
flicker of smile . responded as some
proud but tearful mother, sighted her
stalwdrt son' and 9h6tjted. fiis name.
But U'Vas then fhSf the "sympathetic
throngs, which lined' the curbs jjave
way to cheers and they were only to
give ccnttage tb 'thfj mothers left be
hind. ;The reVt of the time they
svenied to' be thHikirif the1 day
when thnt Siipe 'sons.jpf. flertocfacy
would "be going .oyer the top ' against
autocracy's hoitfr- , j
Rush Chinese Elections.
;Pekin,'TiiursdayT-Feb. ti.fA presi
dential 'inanrJatfe issued today orders
the hastening-' o'F' psKametitar? elec
tions hhd the orgaiuYalioh''of the legis
lative body by the fiureaiff which is
charged Wiilr this tisk tirtfief JawS al
ready -promulgated-' :;
Special Easy Monthly taymettte Gladly Arranged oft Ally -.Purchase If Desired
i-titj n..a,, ilt..tj, r.t ,,., itjnn ej.tji-rn il.igi.tj.itiiii fcJui, i. .int.. a. ,,,,! la ,,! n t a i int I a a i L ., .,i,.itii.....i A, , a, ti, tf
A SPLENDID ADAM rEKlOb BEDROOM IStlTr-Elf8lit an
tique ivory finish; beaded, decorated edges.
Can be Purchased Seperateiy as Pried Below:
17XS1 in. top; IGx
bevel Plato rhlr;
ror; p r I a I If
priced tit only
Top it 21x41-111.;
mlrrsr I4x.1t In.;
loiir room? tlra
BSD. 18 BVIH
M E N T B n, -pcrbly
full aia enlt;
mlrrr UtU in.;
rnlrror, Ti9(t In.
ELEGANT IMITATION WALNUT BEDRODM SUITH in the popular
Queen Anne design; handsomely finished and will harmonize with
moat any color" scheme atid is still different. Sold In complete set or
separately as follows:
n E 8 ION K l'
end ttanda 48
Inches high ;
A VPfy pleasing
priced for this
week, at only
Base measure itt!)
Inch at; French
14x38 Inchca; metal
pill I.; specially,
priced at only
Q r E r. N
6 x 18 - inch
French bevel -
plate mirror; 14x
side mirrors. 8x1 !
C tt I F F O RETTE;
roomy tippet" etip
board, which hold
three dFawert: two
Inches; epeciallyllprge rtud two small
priced at ' drawers below
Watch for the
REMAHKABLE VALUE IN A HEAVY k
INCH P08T METAL BED-White or Vertiia
Martin enamel ; made with continuous 2-
Inch post; fen fillers efm be had In all
siaenj specially offered for a mp
Monda only, at thia low price. . . $675
" ' " ' ' '' '
- . ; 7
A Of A RA NTE ED SATIS FINISH BRASS ROD Hat
neftVV l-lnH mtAtrle ttttHhUhlt tan
filler; rery neat dealgnj ttrongly made) finished
new process; win iot tarmtn. we advise,
in neea or a Brass tied to make your se
lection now, at we epiiet an advance in
the, (roods any day; specially priced at..
lM i ii.m i m n iti
vise, if you are
OtJAliANf EED "SIMMONS" BRASS BED
rieaty 2-iflch outside post, mounted with ar
tistic caps; ten fillers; finished satin; full1
size only. A very special ttf o 'TO
value duoted for this week, at. p 1 Q, (j
MAPRivn Mnt soi,tn oak exthn-
filON ABLH Hmlt in attlnMlvB William,
and Maty d"Sl(?n; heavy pedestal; stroll
supporting legrsi splehdldlv mm Z
finished fumed i 8-ft. - SJlJ Kll
ten.oion. only... ?10tjU
iiii'iiiilllllll flirM""tTTTTTflif in i
mmlim I I , It h Mill t
LARGE SIZE SOLID
OAK STORAGE CHIF
FONIER Five roomy
drawers, strongly built
and finished golden;
vefy special value, and
must be seen to be ap
SAWED OAK PLANK
TOP DRESSER Made
of selected wood; full
swell front; 4 drawers;
neatly turned legs;
French bevel pattern
mirror; higlily polish
WILLIAM AND MAfiT DESIGN DlNlfcQ
ROOM TABLiE Built tt selected WWd;
lias 45-Inch top and can be exteftdel-ttjJc'i
fix iret; rour artistieany
turned Ies; mould rim
top) golden oak finish....
O R R K c T I. V Tl F. S I O X K 1 1
CMAKl.IiS 11 I'EKIOV) CHINA
CAlilMKT tUilIt of Hpleeted oak
and finished in a rich, nut brown
fumed: stands 6S inches, high;
(trill work front door; cane in
set on top; a splendidly con
structed piece of furniture,
Muuiru lur mis
week g telling, at.
Pays for this Grafonola outfit, a cabinet
machine, choice of (oak, walnut or mahog
any) and 12 Selections (6 double disc rec
ords). Machine Illustrated la our model No.
75, plays four records with tme winding.
Wonderful tone control. Case holds 7i rec
ords. Let us send yours out today.
Charges W j!
I I L. .. .. I lMmil m I .J IDS
pPLSNTIlhLV DESIGNED DU
FET Mptrhcs china cftblhet tm
left; 60s2j-lneh top; base fitted
with long linen drawer: china
compartmentsf and silverware
drawer; rtliror frame fitted With
French bevel plate mirror, witli
rane in-set at either end;., dot
the elegant rope .
TABLE W Ith gold bronze frame,
flightly tarnished; otherwise perfect-
.'!0x:!0-in h sn.mr !..,;-n '
, . 7 - . ' k , jiiiiiaiuin
ifainer covering: worth
13.75; while they
last, at '.
REVERB1BLE gear, full else Rettl
Sleeper. Upholstered with Bedfori
cord. In French gray,
shellac finish. Large
rubber tired wheols,
... :r- 5
Powered by Open ONI