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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 12, 1918)
a Daily Bee
VOL. XLVIINO. 205.-
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 12, 1918 TEN PAGES.
0 Tnlm. Mattli.
Nwt ((, lit.. Jo.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
oil? PI Tr TO-ii (gnr
RUSSIA DROPS OUT OF
WAR; TROOPS ORDERED
REMOVED FROM FRONT
Refuse to Sign Separate Peace Treaty With Central Pow
crs; Will Demobilize Armies Immediately; Rus
sian Delegation to Peace Conference at
; Brest-Litovsk Issues Orders.
Amsterdam, Feb. IV. Russia has declared the state of
war to be at an end and has ordered the demobilization of Rus
sian forces on all fronts, according to a dispatch received here
today dated Brest-Litovsk on Sunday. ,
i mnAAiii! UITfUTlOAWU 0 "
The dispatch says:
"The president of the Russian dele
ctation at today's (Sunday's) sitting
stated that while Russia was desisting
from signing a formal peace treaty it
declared the state of war to be
ended with Germany, Austria-Hungary,
Turkey and Bulgaria, simulta
Tieously giving orders for complete
demobilization of Russian forces on
all fronts." ;' . '
Russia steps formally out of the
war .by act of the Bolshevik govern
ment, which seized the reins of power
in Petrograd last November and al
most immediately opened peace ne
gotiations with the central empires.
The authority of. this government
seems virtually unquestioned at pres
ent! in northern Russia and the Teu
tonic powers already have assured the
cessation of even nominal hostilities
along, virtually all the remainder of
the original long line ft the east by
signing a peace with the Ukraine and
isolating Roumanian - -
. . y Been Out ipf.jWar.Jt.Year.V.
ratting" IMfe-figur iitthe
' war for' nearly 'a year past, Russia's
great-Mndttd, vttalpartirt the con
flict comes .forcibly to mind as the
circumstances, leading- up to its exit
are- reviewed. r '
Becoming a belligerent on August
!, 1914, through' Germany's declara
tion of .war upon it, its troops were
soon sweeping through East Prussia,
creating a diversion which hampered
. the , Germans , in their first dash
--through Belgium and upon Paris. .
Though disastrously defeated by
Hindenburg at Tannenberg, it 'rallied
quickly and by winter was hammering
again at the German borders and its
great , armies, overrunning Austrian
territory in Galicia, were at the crests
of the Carpathians and threatening an
nvasion or Hungary.
J ; Russia Created Havoc.
It took the bulk of the Austrian
trmies and' a large proportion of Ger
many's virtually an , entire year's
campaigning in 1915 to break Rus
sia's hold on Gahcia, drive it out of
Poland and the lower Baltic terri
tory and force its armies under Grand
Duke 'Nicholas back To the line of
which Brest-Litovsk; the scene of the
recent peace negotiations, formed the
Beaten back but not yet disorgan
ized, ;t fought through 1916, creating
havoc: among the Austrian armies in
"fcolhynia and Galicia and in Asia
Minor, driving the Turks out of vir
tually all Turkish Armenia.
The opening of 1917, however,
found Russia, under the old bureau
cratic regime, virtually at the end of
. its tether, i
Its , oppressed, war worn people
were ripe for the revolution, the la
tent flames of which German prop
agandists had skillfully fanned and
in March, 1917, came the crash, the
deposition of Emperor Nicholas and
the formation of the first provisional
The conservative element among
the revolutionists first held sway and
the determination of Russia to re
main in the warwas frequently
affirmed. . '
Indeed, under Kerensky as minister
of war, its armies in July, 1917, began
l- an offensive in Volhynia and Galicia,
i (Cntinued on Face Two, " 'nmo Four.)
For Nebraska Partly cloudy and
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
( a. m.
7 a. m
8 a. m.....
i a. m. ....
10 a. m.'. ...
11 a. m
12 m.. ......
. 1 p. m.....
3 p. m.....
3 p. m
4 p. m
6 p. m.....
8 p, m.....
7 V. m
5 p. m
1918. 1917, 1916. 1915.
67 14 2 40
40 0 21 29
48 7 24 14
.00 .00 .00 .0
Temperature and precipitation departure
f -em the normal:
No:mi.l temperature 12
V!-t for the day
T.i:i.l deficiency since March 1 68
Nf .nil precipitation 03 tnch
Deficiency for the day .03 tnch
Total a In fall alnce March 1. . .22.7S inches
Icflclncy alnc March 1....... 7.53 lnchra
deficiency for cor. period, 1S16. .12.87 Inches
IKlclenry for cor. period. 1815.. .65 Inch
T indicate trace of precipitation.
L. Ju WELSH, MeteorolofUt.
Owner Says It Came From
China for Celebration of
Chinese New Year in
"Woe has come to Wo Ong, Omaha
Chinaman, who lives at 119 North
When he was arrested at the Bur
lington station by federal officers and
four big cases of Chinese wine were
confiscated, Wo's cup of woe. was
full. ' - ), ' ; : -
All the way2 from the 'distillery pf-
the four; big cases had traveled by
water and by jand. The arrived here
just on the eve of Chiriese New
Year. All was prepared at the home
of WOh.Ong for a big celebration of
the great annual holiday.
Law Steps In.
' And then the law of the white man
stepped'1? in and spoiled it all.
The cases and bottles are interest
ing, i. The cases are - made of wood,
bound with bamboo thongs. They
are covered with. Chinese characters
aftd a red-lettered label in English
says "Chinese Wine."
The bottles are made' of earthen
ware and shaped like wide vases.
They are covered with labels in
Chinese characters and one English
label, which says: "This Bottle Con
tains of Wine 1 Pint, 11 Fluid Ounces.
Distilled by Wing Lee Wah, Tientsin
and Hongkong." The packing of
the case is rice straw. v
One of the ,.bottles was opened in
the bureau of investigation office and
the aroma of the wiire is so strong
that it has permeated the entire floor
with its . peculiar, subtle, sleepy
"It seems to be 90 per cent alcohol
and the rest dragons' teeth and snake
tails," said Assistant United States
Wo Ong said he didn't know it was
against the law to import wine to Ne
braska. -"I get 'em for Chinese New Year.
Make um have lots o' fun," he said.
Wine for Medicine.
Then Lee Ming, who conducts a
chop suey,jalace on Douglas Street,
arrived at the office.
"He get um wine for mdacin," was
the explanation of Iee Ming, who has
the cunning of the "heathen Chinee."
"China boy got leumatiam. Can't cure
umin hospital. Get urn wine flom
China cure China boy leqmatism."
The officials agreed that the 72 large
bottles ot extra strong wine wer
rather an s heroic dose for the sick
Wo Ong was released under $1,000
U. S. Rules Against Packers
On Seizure of Records
Chicago, Feb. 11. The seizure of
the private files of Henry Veeder,'
general counsel for Swift & Co.,
packers, by Francis J. Heneyj repre
senting the'JFederal Trade Commis
sion, was upheld by Federal Judge
Landis. The seizure was made under
the espionage act, the validity of
which W3 questioned by Mr. Veeder.
"Biddy" May Lay With No Fear of
' The Ax Until April is All Over
Hens and pullets shall not be killfd
or marketed for food between now
The food administration is .deter
mined to. save the hens of the coun
try to inciease egg production and in
crease the flocks of young chickens
for the spring.
Th rule went into effect Monday.
February 11, and remains in effect un
til April 30.
This rule, known as rule 14 of the
Special rules and regulations govern
ing dealers in poultry and eggs, is to
be enforced through the dealer. It
makes him responsible in the follow
it " - - , - -' V -
PEACE TERMS BETWEEN miE
UKRAINIANS AND TEUTONS
. : : ; : , v
New Republic Announces Articles of Agreement Signed
at Brest-Litovsk Conference Last Saturday ; Will
Endeavor to Restore Economic Relations
With Central Powers At Once. , A
(By Associated Press.)
Amsterdam, Feb. 11. A copy of the articles contained
in the peace agreement signed by the central powers with the
Ukrainian republic has been received here from Brest-Litovsk
"unwnpAnTr Turin?. q
The treaty is entitled "A treaty of
peace between Germany, Austria
Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey on the
one part jind the Ukrainian people's
republic oh the other."
The preamble states that the
Ukrainian people, having in course of
the present world war declared itself
to be independent and expressed a
wish to restore peace between itself
and the powers at war, Russia desires
"to take the first step toward .-. lasting
world's peace, honorable to all par
ties, which shall not only put an end
to the horrors of war, but also lead to
the restoration of friendly relations of
the people in political, legal, economic
and intellectual realm."
ENVOYS IN AGREEMENT.
The names of all the plenipotentia
ries engaged in the "negotiations- are
then set forth and they are declared
to have reached an agreement on the
follqwing points: -
"Article 1 Germany, Austria-Hun-
........ T..1.,...', T,.r,... tU
an'd' anJ8the Ukrainian 'people's re
public on the other declare that . the
state' of war between them is at an
end. The contracting partie are re
solved henceforth to live in peace and
friendship with one another.
"Article II Between Austria-Hungary
on the one hand anj the Ukrain
ian people's republic on the other
hand, as far as these two powers bor
der one another, those frontiers will
exist. which existed before the out
break of the present war between the
Austro-Hungarian monarchy and
Fix North Frantier;
"Further north the frontier of the
republic, beginning at Tarnegrad,
(Continued on Faice Nine, Column 8Jx.)
ing provisions: "The licensee shall
not between February 11, 1918, and
Apr". 30, 1918, purchase, ship, sell or
negotiate 'the sale of any live or
freshly killed hens or pullets', pro
vided, however, that this shall not
prevent the purchase, shipment or
sale between February 11, 1918, and
February 3, 1918,' of hens or pullets
which were either killed or shipped
prior to February 11, 1918, to markets
for- sale" as food and provided fur
ther that nothing in this rule shall
prevent the purchase, shipment ,or
sale of live hens or pullets for egg
GRAIN CARS ARE
FOR STATE CROPS
Hoover Urges Farmers to Get
Their Soft Corn to Market
Before it Spoils
The stocks of foodstuffs of the
allied countries are being rapidly ex
hausted, because during December
and January we have been short 15,
000,000 bushels per month in the
amount of cereals that should have
been shipped from North America to
This is some of the information
contained in a telegram just received
by Food Administrator Wattles from
Federal Food Administrator Hoover.
The telegram calls attention to the
fact that the railways have ordered
absolute preference in the use of box
cars for the movement of grain and
grain products until the present in
adequate movement is overcome.
. Box Cars Moving West,
"The roads are now expediting the
movement of box cars from eastern
territory into your state," Mr. Hoov
er's message reads, "and there will
immediately be a large ircrease in
transportation facilities afforded your
people. It is vitally important to savi
the soft corn that it should be moved
before the etid of March, or much
of it will be lost. We also wish to
secure a larger movement of all grain,
which has been retarded by car short
age. "We wish to start at once a corrt
plete drive, through every agency you
can command, on the movement of
grains from the farms to the rail
ways, laying particular emphasis on
corn and wheat This is a human
as well as an economic problem."
Food Products First.
Commenting upon the telegram Mr.
Wattles said the. rail regulation pro
vides fot twj classes of foodstuff
I first grain and provisions and, second
other lood products sucn as sugar
beans, rice, vegetables, live stock,
meat and perishables.
"In applying f jr cars for grain and
(Continued on Jsf Xwo, Column Seven.)
DECLARES AUSTRIA IS
EMBARRASSED BY ITS
ALLIANCE WITH KA ISER
A PEACE WON BY
Admits Distress in War
Stricken Fatherland, But
Declares Teutons Will
Fight for Ideals,
Amsterdam, Feb. 11. Germany
desires peace, but before it can be
attained, its enemies must recog
nize that Germany has been , vic
torious, Emperor William said Jn
reply to an address presented by
the burgomaster of Hamburg on
the conclusion of peace with the
The emperor's reply as given in
a Berlin dispatch follows: ,
"We have gone through hard
"Everyone has had a burden to
bear anxiety, mourning, grief,
tribulation and not the least he
who stands before you. In him
were combined the care and grief
for the entire people in Its sor
rows. "We often entered -false paths.
The Lord pointed out to us by a
hard school the path by which wi
should go. The world, however, at
the same time has not been on the
right path.' We Germans who still
have ideals should work to bring
about ' better times. We should
fight for right and morality. Our
Lord God wishes us to have peace,
ttt a peace wherein the world ifiM
strive to do what is right and good.
"We ought to bring peace to the
world. We shall seek in every way
to do it Such an end was
achieved yesterday in a friendly
manner with . an ' enemy, which,
Vaten by our armies, perceives no
-on for fighting longer, extends
-.d to us and receives our hand,
lasp hands. . But he who will
accept peace, but on the con-
declines, pouring out the
jod of his own and of our people,
must be forced to have peace.
"We desire to live In friendship
with neighboring: peoples, but the
victory of German arms must first
be recognized. Our troops under
the great Hindenburg will continue
to win it. Then peace will come."
T. R. Continues to Improve.
New York. Feb. 11. Colonel Theo
dore Roosevelt's conditioncontinues
to improve, it was stated at Roosevelt
hospital early today.
He passed a comfortable night and
his physicians believe that his recov
ery is merely a. matter of time.
Russia Silent On
London, Feb. 11. Nothing from
any Russian source has been re
ceived in London regarding the
peace 'treaty between the Ukraine
and the central powers.
The foreign correspondents in
Petrograd are as silent on the sub
ject as the Bolsheviki government
itself and equally as silent on hap
penings in the Russian capital.
The official Russian wireless news
agency circulates a statement that
Kiev has been in Bolshevik hands
since February 8, when the Rada
forces were captured or fled.
PROTESTANT CLERGY TAKE
FIRM STAND FOR PROHIBITION
Omaha Protestant clergymen and
laymen today came out in vigorous
disapproval of the attitude of Catho
lic clergymen headed by Archbishop
Harty, who declared their opposition
to prohibition of the liquor traffic in
exclusive interviews with The Bee
"The Catholic clergy are all wrong
in their attitude on the liquor ques
tion," declared Rev. U. G. Brown,
district superintendent of the; Metho
dist church. "The police records, the
county jail records and the savings
bank records and the grocery store
and shoe store records all show that
prohibition has been of incalculable
benefit to the people of our city and
state. Men take their money home
now and pay the grocer and the shoe
man and pu; it in the banks for a
rainy day. They don't put it into
stuff that ruins bodies and souls.
"The statements of some of the
Catholic clergy that there is more
liquor in Omaha now than before
prohibition cannot be proven. They
are totally wrong. Lloyd George,
Theodore Roosevelt and men like
them are in favor of prohibition. .
"How a great church working for
the spiritual uplift of the people can
harmonize with the saloon and dis
tillery gang I cannot understand
"I honor men even though their
honest opinions differ from mine, but
Wilson Replies to German Chancellor and Austrian For
eign Minister in Address Before Congress; Claims
Germany is Not Sincere in Offering Peace; r'.
Gratified by Response from Dual Empire.
Washington, Feb. 11.- President Wilson, addressing con
gress in joint session at 12:30 o'clock today, replied to the re
cent speeches by German Chancellor von Hertling and the
Austrian foreign minister, Count Czernin.
Chancellor von Hertling'a statement, the president said,
was vague and confusing and leads to virtually no conclusion.
It was very different in tone from Count Czernin's address
which, the president said, had a very friendly tone.' '
TEXT OF WILSON'S
ANSWER TO THE
Hailed as Shrewd Move to
Cause Breach Between Teu
tons; U. S. Fighting War
of Emancipation. , ;o
. . (By AMoetatcd Freti.) .
' Washington Fety- JltPresident
,Wnokjti' Aii,s3dr.sf today before
congressf said:' V v,-;
: GerttlewaflMtff tUt 'cfctigftss! t
On January 1 8 I. -had the honOr-of
addressing you on the objects of the
war. as our people conceive them.
! The 1 prim :rtihi$ter of Great Bri
tain had spoken in similar terms on
January 5. '
To these addresses the German
chancellor replied on the 24th, and
Count Ciemm" for Austria on the
same day. , .
' It is gratifying to have our desire
so promptly realized that all ex
changes of view on this great matter
should be made in the hearing of all
the world. '
; Czernin's Reply Friendly.
Count Czernin's reply, which is di
rected chiefly to my own address on
January 8, is uttered in a very friendly
He finds in my statement a suffi
ciently encouraging approach to the
views of his own government to jus
tify him in believing that it furnishes
a basis for a more detailed discussion
of purposes by the two governments.
He is represented to have intimated
that the views' he was expressing had
been communicated to me before
hand, and that I was aware of them
at the time he was uttering them; but
in this I am sure he was misunder
stood. I had received no intimation of -..hat
he intended to say. 1
There was. of course, no reason
why he should communicate privately
(Continued on Fage Two Column On.)
Full List of Tuscania
Victims on Page 10
A complete list of the killed
on the United States ship Tuscania,
sunk by a German submarine off
the coast of Ireland, is published
today on page 10 of The Bee.
it is useless to say that if we btart
prohibiting liquor we may go on and
prohibit things in which there is no
harm. Liquor is terribly harmful
It is not a necessity. It is not a food;
it goes into the body alcohol and
comes out alcohol. None of it is
assimilated. We must not merely
try to regulate it. We must kill it as
we would a snake.
Rev. E. H. Jenks, pastor of the
First Presbyterian church, said: "I
am for prohibition. It is- the only
solution of the problem. I don't want
to enter into any controversy wijh
our Catholic friends. Archbishop
Harty is a good man and is doing
much to draw all the churches to
gether. I have opened my church to
Red Cross workers of all churches at
all times, Catholic, Jewish or Protest-
Rev. T. T. Mackay. castor of All
Saints' Episcopal church, who took a
firm stand against prohibition during
the campaign, said:
"I have not changed one iota. 1
believe Archbishop Harty is right.
Prohibition is wrong. I do believe
in the abolition of the saloon, how
ever. I believe that moderate men
on both sides of the question will get
together and devise a means whereby
men may indulge lightly in liquor not
to be consumed1 on" the premises
where it is bought The Catholic
(Continue on age Xvo. Cekuna live.)
. NaiNTERFBREKCE. '
the president reiterated that the
United States had no desire to inter
fere in European affairs and "would
disdain to take advantage of any in
ternal weakness or disorder to impose
its own will upon other people." ,
All the way through the president
drew a parallel between the pro
nouncements of Chancellor Hertiing
and Foreign Minister Ciernin and his
hearers drew the conclusion that the
president decidedly considered Czer
nin's utterances as being more taw
able to peace than turning s.
"Crernin seems ta see the funda
mental elements of peace -with clear
eyes and does not .seek: to .obscure
them," said the president.
AUSTRIA EMBARRASSED. '
"Count Cserrtin," said the president,
"probably ; would have gone much fsr-
iper iisd, k not been for-the embar- -rassment
of AnsUia's, alliances and ot'T
its dependence on Germany.'' .
Again, the president reiterated that
the United States was in the war and '
would puf torth its whole strength- ,
"in the war of emancipation. -. ,
' The test of whether it is possible
for the belligerents to go on compar
ing views, the president said, was.
simple and obvious, and the princi
ples to be applied, he said, were:
Principles to Be Applied. . "
. L Each part of the final settle
ment must be based upon essential
justice to bring a permanent peace!-
2. Peoples and provinces are not tc -be
bartered about like chattels to es
tablish a balance of power.
3. Territorial settlements must be
for the benefit of people concerned
ad not merely adjustment of rival
states' claims. '.? . ,V
t 4. Wellr-defined national aspirations
must be accorded all possible satisfac
tion. --,,., " '
A general peace upon such founda
tions can be discussed, said the presi
dent. Until such a peace can be se
cured we have no choice but to go fn.
These general principles, the presi
dent said, have been , accepted by
everyone except the military autocrats
in Germany. . . 1 :
SUIT UNDER WAY
IN DISTRICT COURT
Sheriff Clark's ouster suit against
County Commissioner "Johnny",
Lynch began before Judge Sears in
district court Monday morning.
Clark's charges of misconduct in
office oriVthe part of Commissioner
Lynch are set out in five specifica
tions, containing allegations to the
effect that Commissioner Lynch
"maintained a private bathroom and
gymnasium in the basement of the
court house as a wrestler's training
quarters; that he attempted to in
fluence Clark to 'protect certain dives
and gambling joints in which Lynch .
was interested, and that Lynch used
his office to obtain possession of cer
tain resorts in Dougla county." -.
Lynch is represented by Hallack
Rr.e and J. A. C. Kennedy. Sheriff
Clark's attorneys are Benjamin .b. '
Baker and Frank Howell.
U.S. STOPS ALL
EI Paso, Tex., Feb. 11. For . flie
first time in its history, it is believed, -this
port was today closed to vhe ex
port of any kind of merchandise to
Mexico, on order of Zack L. Cobb,
''As a result the customs stations at
the international bridges were piled
with goods of every conceivable de-"
Ope man carrying a large bouquet
of flowers was stopped and informed
it was against the taw to take anything .
out ofvthe United States on Sunday, t
A littje girl with a bag of cake, de
nied permission to take it across, made :
a brave attempt to eat it all, but fi
nally gave up and divided it with
dicrs waiting lo do guard duty. .
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