Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 10, 1918, Image 1
Sunday Bee PART ONE. NEWS SECTION PAGES 1 TO 14. AHA THE WEATHER Fair; Mild VOL. XLVIII NO. 35. rr , Tim r ' '-i ' C nr nr r r r' .j cn r H?x heiii ErT n eti h nt m n y JP Vw s J v - -J ii v-. - - - L J V. , li ; O . 0. S. PRISONERS TAKEN BY GERMANS; UKRAINE AT PEACE WITH KAISER Teuton Official Communication Reports Americans Cap tured Near Toul; Cenrtal Powers Come to Terms - With Ukrainians in Desperate Effort to Obtain Grain Supplies for Home Consumption (By Associated Pre.) Berlin, Feb. 9. (Via London, )-Some American prisoners have been captured north of Xivrey, 10 miles east of St. Mihiel, 'says the official statement issued today by the German general staff. This routine item in the German official statement of Sat urday announcing a minor operation in Lorraine held American interest to a far greater degree than any other war news of the day. ft carries the news of a raid upon the American lines and the capture of American soldiers by a German reconnoitering party. U. S. FORCES NEAR TOUL. O 'Northwes. of Toul" said the re-1 cent statement authorized by the Am erican censor as to the location of the sector aow being held by the men of the United Statse army. And it was near a town northwest of Toul that the Germans announced having taken "some American prisoners." The town is Xivrayand it is sit ' uated about 10 miles east of St. Mihiel, indicating that the Americans are holding a line along the southerly edge of the famous St. Mihiel salient, in French Lorraine southeast of Ver dun. This raid by the Germans was but cne of several conducted by the va-' rious belligerents on' the western front, the most important of which apparently also was carried out in Lorraine, bu. by' the French in the vicinity of Dioncourt. The French penetrated a German position ' here cleared cut the trenches arid brought back 30 prisoners- and a machine gun. Peace With Ukraine. While these military activities were in progress in the west the central 'powers wefe busying themselves with their manifold peace Legotiations and announced they had come to a peace agreeme 1 with the Ukraine, signed at o'clock Saturday morning. ; This announcement marking the first peace concluded by any of the belligerents may turn out to be one of epochal importance. It had, been largely discounted, however, by the apparent an:.lety manifested by the representatives of the Ukrainian rada at Brest-Litovsk to sign a peace of some sort which Germany and its 'allies and also by the uncertainty as to the reality of the peace which has been achieve-', on paper. ( Doubt Rada's Authority. . Doubt exists as to the'.extent of the control exercised by the rada over the territory comprising the so-called Ukrainian republic which it purports to represent. That control is disputed by the bolsheviki who broke withihe rada representatives at Brest-Litovsk and appointed Ukrainian delegates of their own when they found the first set of Ukrainians, whom they ob jected to as ' bourgeoise," secretly negotiating with the central powers. Bolsheviki and Ukrainian troops are engaging each other for the mastery of the territory, which includes some of the best grain growing provinces of Russia, and each is claiming success in the operations. Hope to Obtain Food. Germany and Austria are tacitly ad mitted to have seized upon the oppor tunity to sign a peace with the Ukrainians in the hope that they (Continued on Tafre Two, Column Three.) Earl Reading, British Envoy to U. S., Arrives An Atlantic Port, Feb. 9 Earl Reading, recently appointed British high commissioner and special am bassador to the United States, arrived here today on i. British steamship c-,i his way to his post. The Weather For . .Nebraska Fair; continued mild for several days. Tempcrotureg at Oirtuha Vestertfay, Hour. 5 a. Der. m. . m. . m. . 1' 1 16 18 m. m. m. 20 23 JO 11 ra. p. m. p. m. p. m. p. m. p. m. 35 ( omparativc l.oriil Record. 19TS. 1917. 1911. 1915. Iciest yosterdr.y.... 39 1 !9 S I 3 '.' I .1 4 L :r d so 0" t :i) .on M-&i temperature... IV.-.cir.llsitlon Ter-'PorRtur'; and precipitation departures from the norm I: -lormal temperature i ii I'lxcess for th4' lay Totiil deficiency since Miireh 1 716 Normal prtcipltatlon 01 Inch IJeiklency tnr the day.., 0 inch fTJin! rainfall tnc9 March 1... 22.76 Inches fieflolency Fine? Man-h 1 7.46 Inches Deficiency far cor, period. 1917.12.0 inches Ueficiency tor cor. ptriud, 1314. .IS Inch BALLOON MEN REACH POINT ON ATLANTIC Two Companies of Fort Omaha Flyers Arrive Saf ely.at Sea port on First Lap of Trip. Tt Eleventh and Twelfth balloon companies, formerly the Fourth squadron, '-"stationed at Fort Omaha, have ' arrived safely at an ' Atlantic seaport and may be on shipboard en route for France. Wednesday they quietly., entered street cars at the fort and were taken to the Unioa station, where two spe cial trains awaited to carry them eat. Fifteen minutes after the arrival of the men at the station the trains de parted and as they passed over the Missouri river bridge the strains of "We're Going Over" "were heard floating back. The soldiers were happy. Cooks Preceded Men. At daybreak heavily loaded trucks began transferring equipment and personal belongings from the fort to the trains and at the appointed hour all was in readiness. Company cooks were early upon the ground and had field ranges set up in the baggage cars and at the hour of departure dinner was being prepared. Efficiency was demonstrated in every move. The balloon men were anxious to see active service, and as they bade their friends farewell it was with tx- pref-sed hopes that thy would soon be at the frnt. Many expressions were heard of how the barrage fire of the American troops would be im proved when they reached France to direct it. Mothers, fathers, wives and sweet hearts of the Omaha men in the com panies were at the station to wish them bon voyage. Many of them were hiding tears behind smiles as they watched their loved ones go off into the mist the mist of war, of danger, of doubt. Citizens Cheer Soldiers. Passengers at the station and on passing trains were profuse in their well wishes and frequently various groups would cheer as the men passed by, "These men were the nearest physically perfect of any that have left the fort," said Colonel Hersey, commandant. "They were the best testimonial I know of for Omaha as a winter resort. For the last two months all of these men have lived in tents and a few days before leaving I was informed by one of the officers that for two weeks previo'is none of the men had visited the doctors. They did not everhave a cold or any minor ailment that a doctor could remedy. "They were in unusual good health and I am Irmly convinced that this was largely' due to the fact that they slept in tents where there was plenty of fresh air. They remained in the tents all of the time, evc.i when the temperature was around 20 degrees below ero." Colonel Hersey Pleased. Colonel Hersey is highly pleased with the training of the men during the winter months. He expressed sur prise that as many days would prove suitable for flying during the months of December and January. .The big sausage observation balloons made flights 19 days in Decembci and in January flights were made i-n 22 days. The two companies were under the command of Major Hardm. The com pany commanders were lieutenants acting as captains until the troops reach the battle front. Captains will be appointed after the troops have reached France and an opportunity is given to select the men best suited for this position in actual warfare. OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, - TUSCANIA SURVIVORS REFUSE TO EMBARK ON SMALL FISHING BOAT Take No Ghances On Trawler Without Lifeboats; Soldiers Are Sent to Concentration Camp in Northern Part of Ireland; Conflicting Reports On Total Number Lost, In Marine Disaster. BULLETIN. Washington, Feb. 9. The War department has ordered finger prints of all the unrecognizable soldiers recovered from the Tuscania. By comparison with records here it wil Ibe pos sible to identify them. (Ey Associated Press. )s With but scant hope that additional survivors of the tor pedoed liner Tuscania will be found, latest compilations show that 147 American soldiers lost their lives Tuesday night off the northern coast of Ireland. British admiralty figures give the total casualties as 166, the losses. ... j J 'iK, srs 7 " ' -a Trawlers have traveled over the wirf ters where the Tuscania went down and have cruised along the Irish coast ! without finding trace of men other j than those already reported rescued. The Tuscania's survivors' bureau in j an insn port estimates mc nuxnwu missing at 101. , Official reports on 'the circum stances surrounding the sinking of the liner by a German submarine have not been received at Washing ton. .; -.. ' . " REFUSED TO EMBAa,, A small fishing trawler returend to this port this morning without the 142 Americans it set out from here to take off from the barren northerly shore, which the Americans had reached in three lifeboats 14 hours after the Tuscania was sunk. The shipper of the trawler told the British commodore here that the American captain in charge of the party refused to embark his men on the trawle.ecaase the little vessel did not carry life boat3 sufficient to hold all of the troops in case the trawler was torpedoed. This party, according to the cap tain of the trawler, consists of two captains and 140 men who reached the shore a short distance from the point where the bodies of 44 Ameri cans were gashed up yesterday. The trawler had made a perilous journey to reach the Americans. The sea was choppy, but the trawler kept her course until she reached the point where the Americans are marooned. On the arrival of the trawler the Bitish authorities sent a large steamer to bring the Americans to Glasgow. This vessel has sufficient lifeboats to take care of the men in case it should run afoul of an under-water boat i 1 1 1 '"I'll i i 1 1 1 : i Li i : 1 "i I Ml I'lll 1 1 I I (II 1711 -I '!iUT",","Wl y ' .'i ll ' i ni ivi xfsZ Sit ti'ii Vw . I' , 1 . . !'! hats M A ' J ! , T,f M l i rii 1 1 1 lllf Mil II II :! Mil I U I III' i t I i i I i ,,'W'1A"L ii. . V1 1 i I HI !!' 1 1 . mi i : I!' ' 'ii. 'i n Ill I 15 "j . ''ii I! I II I l l'" I I ' r I ! M II i ii n v'i!! i i i J I I nr 1 1 1 II' 1 1 I I I ,1 rivm i f iV TU I k ir i n VV Mllill li 1 1 : 111 '.,., M Ii "Jii rn nil fiii FEBRUARY 10, 1918. FOUR YANKEE TROOPS FXPI ARE GERMAN l-AI LUIIL Uklliflflll TRENCH IN DARK Efigrfly Uses Dogs to Give Warning of American Pa trols; Many U. S. Soldiers Have Mumps. (By Associated 1'rcM.V the , American Army irt Friday, Feb. 8. The Ger With mans -are using their dogs on the frcut lines. Jo warn them of .the ap proach of patrols opposite the Amer ican 'sector. t A German dog "listener" early this morning prevented on of our patrols from executing a daring stroke. Two corporals who were concerned in it have been mentioned in official reports for their spirit and cool ness, Sammies Go Exploring. Accompanied by two privates, the corporals left a large patrol in a cer tain place in an abandoned trench in No Man's Land' last midnight and went on to the German lines. They first found a smooth wire bar rier which had been shot to pieces by the American fire. Fifteen yards further on theyamc upon German entanglements of wire 2U feet Beep with four-pointed barbs. The men were inspecting an open ing in the wire when a dog, apparently chained on the other side, began to baric. A dugout door opened quickly in a trench and a gruff voice was heard to say "Fertig!" meaning ready. Suddenly a brilliant rocket went up and the .Americans threw themselves (Continued ,on Page Two, Column Two.) His Great Examples LINCOLN 0 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 " . 7 " U I l I (1. II I A ml I ; T1 II jnin i i i I i I Wvil ' " ' 'iin mi i . . i A in.,, m (Ml Unin ri i I I r in mil ! """VT1,11 I I 1 1 I 1 1 I VTM i -r ) i i!', l i-''" ii.. 1 1 ii 1 1 ii i . . . ... Ii! ! '"' ! 1 ' 1 1 i ' ' 1 ii i 1 " ' ! ' ! 1 1 : "inn 1 1. 1 i i II I I "I j I I I W ' I IT I I I 1 M 1 MfKlNLEY WWW i Hi Kjii 'Jfniii i v : ' ' ' 1 ' ' ' ! i I j rfs ! !;'! i : Vk ' ' 'J All I p ff' RIGHT ? ' I IT I I I l I if . . .. ' It. til .11 ' 'I.. il ! SECTIONS. THIRTY-FOUR I . ARCHBISHOP ENFORCED- TEMPERANCE WRONG; D0ESN0TAND WILL NOT PROHIBIT Head of Nebraska Diocese and Leading Omaha Catholic Priests Endorse Stand of Cardinal Gibbons Against National Prohibition The Catholic clergy of Omaha, almost without exeception, is opposed to pro hibition. Archbishop Harty, Monsignor Colaneri and a number of the leading priests to day endorsed the stand taken by Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore, who denounced the national prohibition amendment in a published interview Wednesday. They declare that crime statistics do not prove prohibition is a good thing, but are "only on the surface" and that underneath and unseen are far greater evils.. FATHER FLANAGAN'S PLAIN TALK. Anti-prohibition remarks made by Father P. A. Flanagan in his funeral sermon over the i body of Frank Rooney last week created a mild sensation. I That the Catholic clergy of the United States i3 against prohibition is indicated by the statement given to the Associated ' Press by James, Cardinal Gibbons. Prominent church Imeh of all denominations declare that the powerful influence cf the Catholic church will 'have to be reckoned with by those who seek to amend the federal constitution in an effort to ! bring about national prohibition. Cardinal Gibbons Stand Against Prohibition This is what Cardinal Gibbons said: "I feel that if the amendment is ratified there will spring up in all parts of this country illicit stills that will manufacture a low grade of whisky that will do Wore harm than the good grade is doing. V "It sems that some pf our legis lators would make ' Mohammedans of us. Mohammed tenets forbid the use of wine, yet the Mohamme dan drinks his wine or his liquor despite his faith. "It will be a calamity if this amendment is adopted. It will be only a step in the abridgement of other liberties that we enjoy." Government to Place Cheese on the Market Chicagd, Feb. 9 Immense quanti ties of cheese held in cold storage in this country have been ordered by the United Slates food administration to be put on the market by June 1, when the new cheesc-niaking season begins.- j The Department of Agriculture say& that on January 1 69,000,000 pounds of cheese were in storage houses re porting to the governmeqt, and it is estimated a large quantity is not so reported. This is 80 per cent more than was , held a year ago. GARFIELD 1 " ' IV 1 ' I n. i ii i i ii rr hh ii 1 1 n,i,.,.K.li; A 'CM iV I'l I I 1 1 rr i illll nun K'TMIll ill i I i I i ' "i 1 1 A , ll I'll I M inir I ii . i in, jr m i n ii i 1 1 1 j ' ' i1 it i'ii i I i i I ! 'i il.' '' ' ii " , V ; i i'ii ii! lil i i I Mi i ... I ' . . ..1 I ' 1 .ill PAGES HARTY DECLARES Archbishop It arty Says Prohibition is Wrong These are the principal points in Archbishop Harty's interview given exclusively to The Bee: .... f'ProhiWtion is wro..g because It confounds use sind' abuse." It tres passes on every man's right to use or not to use what is good. - "Herein is a fanaticism that must be" forestalled lest it cause greater evils than are caused by the misuse of intoxicants. "Evils have arisen from the mar riage relation; why not prohibit marnage? Tobacco has hurt many; why not, then, see to it that no man smoke? "I am opposed to prohibition be cause does not make men sober unless, of course, they choose to be so and because it breeds many evils such as deceit and hypocracy." SHIP FIRMS ROB UNCLE SAM, SAYS OMAHA WITNESS John W. Towlc, Testifying Be fore Senate Committee, Says . Money Recklessly Wasted at Hog Island. Washington, Feb. 9. When hives- tigation of the shipping board and the Emergency Fleet corporation was re sumed today by the senate commerce committee John W. Towle of Omaha, plant engineer for the Hog Island yards of tfie American Intcrnatbnal corporation, testilied that at one time 1,300 cars of material were oh the sid ing waiting to be unloaded at that plant, and, there being no place to un load the cars, the Emergency Fleet corporation paid demurrage on them. Stone & Webster, a l'oston firm of contractors, Towlc testified, has a contract yielding, a profit of 100 per cent for the servicrs of its expert engineers giving advice to the inter national corporation. Holbrook. Cabot & Rollins of lioston, ne said, wiiicn lias a memher ; as vice president of the American In- J ternational Shipbuilding corporation, j has a sub-contract for piers amount- j ing to $1,600,000 and in addition it j receives a rental fee of $200,000 for j its equipment, paid by the govern- ; merit. , I Questioning developed tint Towle, j as an expert engineer, gets $250 a I month and as press agent for the J citiiens of St. Louis, Mo., was dedi Amencan corporation gels 00 a j catcd to the use of Nebraska soldiers month. i wi ,rtll:i,f Towle said he made frequent re ports to the fleet corporation on con ditions at Hg Island, an.J when a representative of the fleet corpora tion wont there to investigate he was informed by representative of the International corporation that the company v.-as the government's agent and there should be mo ir'.erjerence c .t. . ri. I inmi in c ueei corpui anon. . Replying to Senator Vardam.m, Towle expressed the opinion that general conditions at Hog Island in dicate 'a -reckless expenditure of government monc, Consular Bill Passes. Washington. Feb. 9. The louse todav passed the dinlmustic and con sular bill carrying ?8,056,000. . SINGLE COPY FIVE , CENTS. iOARCHBISHOP HARTY'S VIEWS. Archbishop Harty dictated the fol lowing interview for The Bee: "I stand for temperance in the use of U things and therefore I favor the rigid regulation of the liquor traffic. "But as prohibition is based on a vifong'vrinciple X do not advocate it. "Its principle is wrong because it does, not distinguish between what is good in itself 'and what ig essentially bad. - . "Prohjbition seeks - to prevent the use of what is in itself good. It con founds use and abuse, It strives to prevent even the temperate use of liquor and it consequently trespasses on every man's right to Use or not to use whatever is good. . j "It forbids the complete use of hi free will in things innoeent, of such things as may be of service to him in the pursuit of health and happiness. Man's Freedom Stolen. ' "If the exercises of a man's free will is hindered in the use of any one thing not in itself evil, jus as logically may his freedom of choice and action be stolen from him in any other good j "Prohibition, then, of the moderate i ue of intoxicants, because of the false ! principle owhich it is founded, can I a<v lilrmi.. . ..j : . . nut... a aiiji aim iii me guise of virtue and humanitarianism pro hibit any of the things that men wish to do. "Herein is a fanticism that must be forestalled, lest it cause Kreater evils than are caused even by the misuse of intoxicants. "Evils have arisen from the mar riage relation; why not prohibit mar riage? Tobacco has hurt many; why not, then, see to it that no man smokes? Why not compel all to eat j under- the benevolent eye of the unco gum because gluttony is guite common and very destructive of life? "I am, therefore, opposed to pro hibition because it deprives men of freedom of will in the use of what is good in itself; because it does not make men sober, unless, of course, they choose to be so; because it breeds many evils, such, as deceit and hypocracy; anJ. strongest reason of all, it does not and will not prohibit." Clergy, Not Church, Says Colaneri.' Rt. Rev. Monsignor Colaneri. chan- rellor othe Catholic diocese of Oma ha, also is opposed to prohibition. He said: ''I think national prohibition would be a natiojfla! calamity." -"Has the Catholic church taken a (Contlnni'il on l4ge Two, Column Kour.) DEDICATE HOME FOR NEBRASKA'S BOYS AT FUNS10N Camp Funston, Kan., Feb. 9. The Nebraska building, given by the citi-' zens of Nebraska and equipped bv Neville, trovernor of Nebraska. The program was in charge of the 314th ammunition train, which is com posed largely of Nebraska men. Many officers of the unit' are from St. Louis. Officers of the unit and visitors will be entertained at Company F mess at Camp Funston today by Keith 'Longshoremen at Work. New York, Feb. 9. The 2.00C longshoremen who liave been on strike for the last tw weeks on the Southern Pacific railroad steamship piers, voted today to return to work Monday morning, pending the dispo sition of the question of a raise irt wages by the federal board of adjust ment of the United States sliipmrg board - .