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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1918)
THE BEE : N OMAHA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1918.
The Omaha Bee
DAILY (MORNIKG) EVENING SUNDAY
; FOUNDED BY EDWARD KOSEWATER
. . VICTOR ROSE WATER. EDITOR '
' THE BKK PUBLISHING COMPANY. PROPRIETOR.
. Entered at Omaha poatoffiee at econd-clsse Bitter.
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MEMBER 'OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS '
fta AesMUtfd Press, of wfcteb The Bee la a member. M sxcluiittif
entitled to th om for .rublictloo at all ew dispatches creditM
la ii or Dot ouennet araan
ere else mml
ted la Dili nMr and alto the local news
AU riaku of pabllcatlao of eur apaolil dlipatcbta
Kaaift kr draft, annua a aortal ardat. Onlt i-flM etaana takaa
pennant of email aoommta Personal dtect. except oo Omiua aud
anare axcaaof a, not aeeeinea.
Omaha The Baa Bnlldlna.
South Omaha lilt N M.
uowuai bioot i n.
bnooln Little BulldlBf.
Uiicats Psenlt'i Oee Bvlldlst.
iere 3 una Am
Bt taole New B'k of Commerce.
. wstbinstoa nil o at.
iddrai orBimtnlcatton reltum to oewt aod editorial matter to
umaoe Baa. Sdltortei Department.
59,964 Daily Sunday, 52,534
latum for tne moMl
Arenas olrealatlon for tna mneth, aobwrtbed 'od tworn to tt DWsht
Urouiation Manner. '
SubscriWe leaving tba city should bava Tba Baa malleel
ta them. Addresa chanced aa otttn aa requested.
Keep the tag on your shovel to view.
! . -. .. M
Every little mow storm helrjs the wheat fields
flow. " '
' - m "
Do not shoot a pigeon until you have looked
him over carefully. He may be 'in government
Helping Nebraska farmers to get their pota
toes to Nebraska consumers will not be wasted
effort on part of the railroad board.
Five hundred million a week of treasury cer
tificates for six weeks ought to afford an idea of
the speed at which we are progressing.-
. The busy bolshevik rejoices over finding 100,-
000 poun'ds of butter in Petrograd, or about two
ounces per capita. . What will be done when that
is gone? ' ' '
Omaha Indians are working for the Red Cross
as well as fighting for iltcle Sam, showing that
the original Ameri&ans are also concerned in
winning the wart' ' ";; ,
1 "Joe" Tumuy will hang on as secretary to the
president, and not become t mere Unittd States
senator. fromJew Jersey. He knows where to
go for power and prestige. "
President Wilson's message to Mrs. Roosevelt
will be echoed by all Americans. No sickbed less
than the president's will be watched with more
soliciuide than tiiaf of the colonl. V.;.
That" Red Cross car torn Nebraska ought to
be hauled in daylight across the way to the Ati
lantic port from which its contents, eventually
will b shipped, just to show the folks along the
route that the west is not asleep. : ; ;.
Representative Glass arises in the house to de
fend the War department,' and recounts as one
of jits achievements 'tliaf 10,000,000 yonng- men
walked up and registerede-for military service.
Yes, but where do we go front there? ' '. ;
Georgia ruralists -are making life interesting
for military balloonlsts, firing on them under, the
belief that they are Germans. , We suggest that
the Atlanta Constitution undertake to enlighten
its readers on the point, before some enthusiastic
Cracker patriot wounds or kills an incipient aero
naut - i'' . : v:'
A Paris paper prints proof that Lenine and his
coadjutors had : an unlimited credit at German
banks prior to going to Petrograd. This may be
true, but the bolshevik! no longer relies on the
kailer to finance his operations, as he has a sim
pler way. He merely seizes what, he needs, and
puts aside all captive treasure against the day
when he no longer can plactice-is present facile
methrfd of acquisition? " t'
' Nebraska Potatoes for Nebraskans. . (
The Beea uaites with Land , Commissiotter
Shumway in asking why it is that cars may be
found to haul potatoes from Wisconsin to Ne-
braska points at i time when Nebraska potatoes
cinot he shipped for lack of cars. This is one
of the great crops of northwestern INebraska', in
deed the principal crop in some of the counties,
and relied upon by. the farmers there as -their
mainstay. Moreover, during the scarcity of po
tatoes a year ago these farmers were urged to
exett themselves, to the end that they would be
able to come to market again with'a crop tat
would defy famine. ' Having done so, it is singu
lar that they (should now be shut out of the mar
, ket of their home state by reasotftf inability td
transport their trop to the consumer at a time
when the farmers of other states find ready ac
cess to Nebraska customers. If the conditions
are such aa Commissioner Shumwav alleges, and
he ought to know, for he comes from the potato
section of the state, a vemedy should be found
without delay. . - .
No Check t War Activities.
Every American heart, is today echoing the re
mark ascribed to Farragut at Mobile Bay: "D--n
the torpedoes; full steam ahead I" It was this
spirit that crushed the rebellion and saved the
union, and it is this same indomitable resolve that
will carry America's part -of the war through to
victory. Our people knew from the beginning
that the way to France lay over a course beset
by the lurking danger of the submarine. None
tried to bide the fact that transports might be
torpedoed, and that terrible loss of life would
follow. 'Never have we deliberately sought to
dissemble or minimize the peril that inevitably
accompanies war. Our German foes thought we
might; they builded on the prospect that proba
bility of destruction by the subsea terror' might
deter us in our purpose to combat against them
No hope was ever more vain than that the kaiser
builded on his U-boats. The Tuscania was the
first; it may not be the last, but its fate will not
change America's attitude in the war. Transports
will continue to cross the Atlantic, carrying men
and supplies, food and ammunition, and in due
time Old Glory will float over a field where autoc
racy has gone down to defeat The Tuscania- is
but another reason.jvhy we should not lessen our
zeal for the great conflict
. Is the Middle West Awake?
Now. and again, ever since the war started,
somebody has arisen in one or another section
of the country and accused the middle west -of
being somnolent or indifferent as to the situation
of the nation. The latest of these is a Chicago
man, who is quoted in a Tacoma paper as saying:
"In Kansas City, Omaha, . Denver and other
places away from cantonment) and shipbuilding
plints the people seem to be asleep." - .v
' When this statement is brought before our
busy workers they will -find in it cause for amuse
ment during the brief periods of relaxation they
allow themselves from the arduous work of sup
plying men and means to carry on the war. To
be sure, none of our folks have wasted Vnuch
time in organizing parades or carrying on 'brass
band demonstrations of any sort They have not
devoted, their energy to telling one another of
their intense loyalty, nor spent much wind in ad
vertising what they have done.. They have sim
ply worked, quietly, effectively and persistently,
tothe end that the United States be made ready
for the tremendous task it has taken up. Neither
have they, set up any invidious contrasts against
their .neighbors, that they might vaingloriously
boast of their own-doings. But they are not
asleep, nor unmindful of the common peril. - .
, How well the middle west is aware of the
danger may be gathered from the figures on con
scription' given by GeneralCrowder. At the
time of registration last summer it 'is shown that
t)f the .gross quota of min required from each
state Illinois had already furnished -345 per cent
in volunteers, Iowa 49 per cent, Nebraska 41 per
cent jmd Kansas 63.1 per cent These are
but a representative group of, the great agricul
tural empire, and chosen for the fsct that from
them comet the principal part of the faod crops
of the country. Each of these states has "gone
over the top" on Liberty bonds, Red Cross and
other subscriptions, and is doing zealous' work
along all lines suggested by .the government as
helpful or necessary. ' ,
Any man who says our people are asleep may
be excused, for he does not know what he is talk
ing about - . '.
On Board the Tuscania. :
j Many days will probably pass before we are
given a connected and lucid account of the cir
cumstances attendant on the sinking ot the troop
MMaA. Tm...h rv. r .t. . ANf.i.!.M r t,
fragmentary accounts now coming through from
Ireland one great fact looms big and bright It
is that the proportionately small loss of life was
due to the calm behavior of the young American
soldiers Briefly trained, these lads already had
learned the greatest of lessons to be derived from
discipline, that of coolness in presence of danger,
and of orderly action in emergency, Such con
duct is traditional of Americans in service of
their 'country, a characteristic to which we may
largely ascribe the prestige of our national
strength. The decks of the Tuscania will afford
theme and Inspiration for poet and painter; many
hundreds of young meu, suddenly placed in immi
nent and deadly peril, standing in ordered ranks
calmly waiting their turn to move toward safety,
singing meanwhile the anthem of their country,
resolute and determined types of manhood that
may be developed only in a country where man
is free in soul and body it is a picture fit to go
with any of the heroic incidents that illumine-our
history. And when all 4he facts are known it
will be found that American youth has again
shown itself worthy of American trust and honor.
' Who Is Paying lor the War
Very Few Escape the Squeeze, Dircetly or Indirectly
Prof. John R. Commons, University of Wisconsin.
Everybody must expect hardships from
ducing the prices that producers are permit
ted to charge.
This has been done for iron, steel and
almost everything else that the government
It is hard to do this and yet not dis
courage production. We must have ai
enormous increase of food, clothing, muni
tions and other necessities during the war.'
But the government is doing tfiis in the
only way possible, Tt calls in the represen
tatives of labor named by the American Fed
eration of Latoor,- and the representatives of
the' manufacturers and farmers. The Amer,
icati Federation of Labor wanted the price
of wheat fixed at $1.84 a bushel. Ttye farm
ers wanted $2.50. They compromised on
$2.20 a bushel.
This is the way it is done for coal and
other essentials which the people must buy.
if the price is cut too lcjw then wages can
not he paid; and if there are no profits, the
thing will 'not be produced in sufficient
Increased cost of living always goes along
with wars. But here is something to re
member: the outbreak of war in 1914
brought an increased demand for labor, at a
time of great industrial depression in this
The demand of the allies for munitions.
equipment, and food set everybody to work
in the United States. Immediately also
wages began to rise. They went up fastest
and highest in the industries that furnished
munitions to the allies. The employes of
the United Mates steel Corporation have
had an increase of 60 per cent in their rates
of wages, and when to this is added steadv
Two-thirds of the people pay but very lit-femployment, their Earnings by the week or
war ine greatest narasnip is on tne ooys
who go to the front Nobody can ever pay
them what they are worth to the nation.
But our nation is doing the next best
thing. We have more than doubled the pay
that soldiers jrot before the war. The SI
day, besides food, clothing, and ' expenses,
which they now get while training and fight
ing is four times as much as the British sol
dier gets, 18 times as much as the rrench,
and nine times as much as the German.
Besides, if they are disabled, the govern
ment compensates them for the rest of their
Jives, bv Eivine them as high as Siuu a month
V. m ' I. . . . m . a A . ... " .
it totally disabled, -in addition to teaching
them new trades if necessary, so that they
can mmce a living.
Next to the boys at the front, the greatest
hardship is on their families. These families
can never be paid what the boys are worth
to them. But the nation does the next best
thing. While they are serving their country
it pays their, families according to the num
ber of children. In case of death it pays the
family the compensation the boy would get
after the war if he were disabled; and it fur
nishes as high as $10,000 life insurance at less
than half what an instrrance company charges
in time of peace, and permits him to con
tinue it after 'the war at substantially the
same rate. . ' '
The next great hardship is taxes. In
former wars our government taxed food and
almost everything the people used. Jn this
war it is taxing only' liquor, tobacco, patent
medicines, luxuries, amusements, new in
surance premiums,, business documents,
transportations and postage.
tie extra taxes directly to support the war.
The other one-third of the people are taxed
on incomes and excess war profits. .
In the civil war the income tax was 3
per cent to IS per cent, and every income as
low asOO was taxed. In this war, .three
different income taxes are piled on top of
each other, so that an income of $4,000 pavs
$40, an income, of $1,000,000 pays $475,000
and larger incomes pay nearly 60 per cent:
But no income of a married man less than
$2)500 is taxed at all, and none less than $1,
000 for an unmarried man. No workingman
with a family pays an income tax.
The largest incomes, on the other hand,
are not yet taxed as much, as they can stand.
A corporation pays two 'taxes an excess
profit tax that is said to average about one
fourth the profits aboVe 9 per cent on its
capital, and an income tax of 6 per cent on
what is left. Our government has called in
the leadjng tax experts of the country to
work On this problem.
The government is trying to cut down
excess profits. As fast as possible it is re-
year have gone up far beyond 60 per cent,
In the state of New York the only state
where statistics have beea collected on a
large scale the earnings-of all factory wage-
earners throughout the entire state have
risen, an an average, over 38 per cent since
June, 1914. In some of the metal and ma
chinery industries, they have more than
Nobody can give exact figures, but the
cost of living taking everything into" ac
count has gone up about 30 to 40 per cent.
Food has gone up more than,' that-nk? per
cent, according to figures of retail prices col
lected by the Federal Department of Labor.
But food is something less than half of the
workingman's expenses. Other expenses,
such as rent, have not gone upso much.
Taking into account the increased amount
of .work and the increase in wages, the total
earnings of wage-earners have about kept up
with-the cost of living. Some have gone far
ahead, others have not kept up. Those who
have gained most are common laborers and
Owns the Railroads?
They Actually Belong to 626,122 Stockholders
As to the matter of equipping; our fire depart
ment; tht city should adopt a policy and pursue
without regard to the political prospects of any
man. In this at In all other respects; the best it
the cheapest always, but no effort at standardiza
tion should become so rigid as to prevent the
purchase of improved machinery at any time.
A little better team work between the broth
erhoods, the managers and the government might
help the railroad situation. At least the public
would like to tee the experiment tried. ,
Ownership of the American railroadsNreo-
esenting an investment of about $17,000,000,
00, lies in the hands of the people, who, how
ever, do not seem to be aware of it, despite
the efforts which are being made in various
quarters to impress the fact upon the country
at . large. For years, observes Theodore
Moore, financial editor of the New York Sun,
the vast army of stockholders and bondhold
ers have been asleep to their own interests,
and their attitude toward their ,own property
has been one of indiscriminate criticism and
punitive legislation. The public eye has
seemingly been focused upon the purpose of
obtaining the greatest amount of service on
a basis of cost which this writer considers
to be wholly out of proportion to the service
rendered by the carriers. It has been in
tensely selfish and, strange to say, at the ex
pense of its own properties.
In recent months, however, there has de
veloped among- at least a part of the public
something , akin f to realization of its
proprietary interest in the railroads. This has
been largely due to the efforts of the Rail
way Investors league; organized by John
Muir of New York, formerly a railroad man
and. now a banker, and to the subsequent
and larger efforts 01 the National Association
of Owners of Railroad Securities. Accord
ing to the records of the latter, the capitaliza
tion of American railway corporations is. di
vided into the following classes of .owner
ship: By individuals who number more than
1,000,000 and own $10,000,000,000 in railroad
stocks and bonds.
' By life insurance companies,with 46,000,
000 policies ,in force, representing a total
ownership of $1,550,000,000.
By savings banks with 10.000,000 deposi
tors, representing $847,000,000. .
By fire and marine insurance companies.
casualty and surety companies, representing
a total ot SGWjUOO.UOO.
"By benevolent associations, colleges,
schools, (charitable institutions, and similar
organizations, representing an ownership, of
By banks and trust companies, owning a
total of $865,000,000. The remainder is held
in channels not enumerated, mostly abroad.
Recent estimates of financial -authorities
state that the stock of American railroads is
distributed among 626,122 stockholders.
Stockholders, of course, are the actual own
ers, while the bondholders are creditors.
Take a few of the prominent roads, and we
find that, in round figures, the Santa Fe has
45,000 stockholders; the Pennsylvania 94,
000. of whom 46.000 are women: the Mil
waukee 17,000; the Great Northern 25,OOOfl
the Baltimore Bt Ohio, 27,000; and the
Southern Pacific 33,000. These holdings
represent a heavy increase in individual own
ership at compared with 10 years ago, writes
Mr. Moore in Munsey's. . He adds:
"During recent years there has been per
sistent absorption of railroad stocks by men
and women of modest means. In 1901 many
leading railroads were owned by a few hun
dreds, or at most a few thousands, of in
vestors, while today some hundreds of thou
sands of men and women ofx relatively small
means are the real owners of our great trans
"It is the common talk among the mis
informed that the Vanderbilts, the Harri
mans, .the Morgans, the . Rockefellers, the
Goulds, the Astors,' and other great financial
powers, individually and throughtheir banks
and trust companies, own the American rail
roads. As a matter of fact, in comparison
with the holdings vested in the people, the
interests of the groups named are small
It has been said- pf the New York, New
Haven & Hartford that itsvownership lies
in the pockets of Wall street Look at the
facts in reference to thjs company. At the
close of the fiscal yesTr 1915-1916 there has
been little change since then there were
25,769 stockholders, divided thus:
Men v. 11,142
Trustees and guardianship 1,331
Insurance companies and other cor
porations i 938
"The following table shows the respec
tive numbers of large and small holdings:
1 to 10 shares 11.915
11 to 50 shares 9,375
51 to 100 shares " ; 2.324
101 to 500 shares 1,788
501 to 1,000 shares 203
Over 1,000 shares ..; 164
It will be seen that nearly half of the New
Haven stockholders held no more than 10
shares. The same thing is said of the New
York -Central, the Union Pacific, the South
em Pacific, the Northern Pacific and prac
tically all our important railroads. It is true,
we read, that a good many small lines are
owned wholly by larger concerns, but it
would be absurd to say that an interlocking
corporate ownership covers our railroads in
general." Current Comment. A '
? People and Events
" New York ftewspaper publishefs last
week countered on the striking newsdealers
bv organizing a co-operative company for
distribution of papers. The strike persists,
however, but the strikers are losing ground
every day. X
One of the unsolved mysteries or won
ders of New York is the persistent back
wardness of the coal supply coming across
the river, -while at the same time all kinds of
food supplies reach (he right spot without
What it there about Chicago atmosphere
that lures male ' octogenariant to nimble
capers and high stepping gayety? At least
one Chicago woman is curious to learn. Her
ancient hubby, 80, hasn't shown up at home
fois three months. As he it reported to
have $40,000 to finance a vacation, imputing
frisky qualities to the local atmosphere ap
pears a baseless aspersion.
On Year Ago Today In the War.
Steps taken in Washington to speed
ud industrial mobilization, f
Lieutenant Hans Ber and aw of
Appam sent to Philadelphia for in
Berlin announced GerarA and -his
tarty would be sent at once to Switz
erland. Th Day Wo Celebrate.
, John C. Howard tof Webster &
Howard Fire . Insurance company,
Allen B. Romano, electrician for the
Nebraska Telephone -company, born
1876.. - ' '
Sir Anthony Rope, the famous Eng
lish novelist recently knighted by King
George, born 65 years ago.
Sir Edward . Carson, who recently
created a sensation b'y resigning from
the British cabinet born 14 years ago.
l"Ii Is Day in History.
1 S01 Bonaparte dictated the peace
of Luneville,. by which France made
great gains at the expense ot Austria
1S2I General John A. Logan, fa
mous soldier, senator and-republican
candidate for vies president in 1884,
. born in Jackson county, Illinois. Died
in' Washington, D. C, December it,
1881 General Winifred Scott Han
cock,' for whom the national army
camp at Augusta 4s named, died at
Governor's lala&d, N. X- Born qear
juonigomeryvuia, ra-, reoruary it,
Just 80 Years Ago Today
Tha Brotherhood ,-of .Locomotive
Engineers, division 183, gave their
fifth annual ball in Masonio hall, and
their guests numbered over 800.
The Second Infantry band cam in
from Fort Omaha and seranade Gen
eral Crook In the rotunda of the Pax
ton. A number of leading society
people ol this city were Invited to at
tend the- concert
" Petitions asking for a vote ot tht
citizens on the advisability of issuing
1250,900 bonds for publlo improve
ments are being circulated and are
very generally signed. Mike O'Hearn
has secured the signatures ot over SO
The change of the management ot
the stone department ot the Union
Pacific has taken place and tha prop
erty goes into the hands of the Beck
with syndicate, of which the head is
A. C Beckwth of Evanston, Wyo. ,
A musical and literary entertain
ment will be given at the T. W. home,
JilO Dodge street Friday evening, -
Aimed at Omaha -
Hastings Tribune! The Nebraska
supreme court has herd that a hus
band is not Justified in slapping hm
wife. Now will you be good? f
Hastings Tribune: With bandits
doing the daylight stick-up and rob
bery stunts in Omaha Nebraskans feel
that their metropolis is certainly trot
ting right along In Chicago society.
- Blue Valley Blade: With shovels
being tagged to remind people io save
tnat shovel of coal, it looks rather In
consistent for the pool halls, billiard
halls, bowling alleys and theaters to
run full blast on Sundays in Omaha,
the home of, the state fuel adminis
Albion News: People at Omaha
paid 116.000 to hear one man sing last
week.. It was worth what each one
paid no doubt but it indicates that
notwithstanding the high cost of liv
ing, income tax, and donations to va
rious war auxiliaries, the people have
money to spend for luxuries. . ,
Aurora. Register: A World-Herald
editorial says: 'The flames ot the
nethennest hell are not hot enough
for tha man who attempts to play
politics tn this war." This might be
tough on the man or . men who
"oholoroformed" the Seventh Ne
braska. York News-Times! An Omaha ser
geant of police and a bunch ot detec
tives are arguing about the "white
feather" in the recent bandit battle.
They are all brave enough. They Just
ran on to somethlngthat they did not
expect to find and there -was some
wild shooting and incidentally tome
flere and There '
The Chinese republic is abolishing
gambling, early marriages ana foot
binding.' Each day Miss Louise Ford, bag
gage woman at Verda, Nev., loads
and unloads truckloads of trunks.
' A Syracuse, N. T., woman has sued
a neighbor for 8500 damages for
alienating the affections of a canary
Thousands of cords of wood useful
for fuel are rotting on the forest res
ervations of New York because the
constitution forbids their sale or re
moval. Sir Francis Fox, the eminent Ehg
Ush engineer, has found an original
way of helping war work.- Learning
, that linen was in much request for
nospitai use, he obtained many Old
maps and surveyors' plans mounted
on linen. He soaked them, and sep
arated the linen, which, after a visit
to the laundry, was In first-rate con
dition for making bandages.
Among individuals there have been
few donors to the allied cause more
generous than the Maharaja of
Uwalior. His gifts include 860,000 to
the British national relief fund, $75,
f0 fqr motor transport $30,000 for
Belgian refugees, & 0,000 for muni
tions, $25,000 for officers' motor cars,
and $5,000 for telescopes. He has
sent in . addition, large checks to
Princess Mary's fund, and the Young
Men's Christian association, has con
tributed $125,000 worth, of motor
vehicles, and in conjunction with
the Begum ot Phopal has presented
England with a hosuiUl hi contain
ing 500 beds.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat: The old
fashioned editor who took cordwood
on subscription . regrets that he
abandoned the practice.
Louisville Courier-Journal: News
from London as to Btrlkes in Ger
many is interesting, but it isn't ex
actly the sort of news upon which to
Washington Post: We can Imagine
no greater shock to the allied leaders
than to learn that Crown Prince Wil
lie had held a war council all by him
self. Minneapolis' Journal! .General von
Stein says the allies lack military
sense. They do not know that they
are licked. Von Stein's name is hard
but wrong. It should be von Bone.
New York World: Dr. Dernburg is
now reminding his fallow countrymen
that one mark in almost any foreign
money will now buy two marks of
Germany's war , debt And nobody
wants to buy at that
Brooklyn Eagle: Frederick Palmer,
Pershing's chief censor, a veteran war
correspondent ot the best type, trained
in the Russo-Japan war, the Balkan
war and the war in the Philippines,
knows his business. When he preachee
optimism abouty the army in France,
he delights a mighty big audience.
New York, fvc-rld: The United
States Steel corporation paid war
taxes to the amount of $235,000,000
upon excess profits in 1917 and still
had enough left to declare dividends
on the common stock amounting to
more than 16 per cent If the Krupps
can beat that record they have not
yet given ut the details.
' ' - , 0 ' f
4 Dividends and Income Tax.
Omaha, Feb. 8. To the Editor of
The Bee: In figuring personal income
tax, are sums received as dividends
from corporations exempt? Last 7ear
they were exempt having already
been taxed as corporation earnings.
Ans. Dividends received from cor
porations are exempt only for the pur
pose of the normal income tax. that
levied under the law of 1913: for the w,nt drjr "
i . .. . . - . . - ... i "nl an
surtax, unaer tne law or 191B, ana tne-
exeess profits tax, under the law of
1917, dividends are, not exempt. For
the surtaxand excess profits tax, all
income, from whatever source de
rived, is included, subject to the de
ductlons and exemptions specified by
water in the winter. I wantvone bfl
the fresh air houses In mine. Poultryn
netting is not warm enough for chick j
ens in this cold climate. They needfi
Droteciion irom- wmiry uimu
same as people. ,
FRANK A. AGNEW,
; SMILING LINES. '
"Why do you thinl Plunkville aaada a?
Stands for Wilson.
, Phillips, Neb., Feb. 4. To the Edi
tor of The Bee: After reading the
shallow article 1n The Bee "An Ode
io xneoaore Roosevelt" by M. E.
Krow, I am of a very different opinion.
The idea of putting anything so strong
as to say "For folly we sure have to
pay. He was always right there when
ne sat m tne chair, and that s where
we need him today." If he was right
tnere ne would want to tako a trip to
Africa or some place else to kill an
elephant, but not so keen for the
Huns. Mr. Krow's article sounds as
if he was not very loyal to our presi
dent whom I think has been under
a strain sucn as -none otner has ever
experienced. All honor to President
Wilson. E. M. D.
Open Front Poultry Houses.
Omaha, Feb. 4. To the Editor of
The Bee: On Sunday last I visited
the poultry plant of a gentleman in
Omaha who has between 200 and 300
very fine Black Minorca and Rhode
Island Red chickens. He has very
fine houses for the birds and all kinds
of the latest appliances including au
tomatic feeders and water vessels.
But he has open front houses and it
is my opinion that at least three
fourths of his chickens have frozen
combs and wattles and at least 60
.per cent of them have colds to a
greater or less extent I know 'some
people advocate open front poultry
houses. They may be all right in a
warm climate, but where there is so
much zero weather as we have in Ne
braska nearly every winter, they are
a mistake and I have so contended for
Chickens originally came from a
warm climate and they are subject to
colds "Just the same as people and if
they get too cold they suffer. It is
Just as unnatural for chickens to have
parts of their combs and wattles
frozen off as for any of us to have
fingers and toes frozen off.
I contend that warm houses -are
neded for poultry in the winter in
Nebraska, Just as much as warm
places are required for animals and
people. I do not advocate artificial
heat, but houses for fowls should be
kept warm enough to keep them from
freezing combs and wattles. A lot of
people are going to try raising ehick
eris this year that never raised any
before; if they follow the advice of
government officials and irlembers of
various poultry associations. So it will
not be amiss to give them some free
advice on the subject of poultry keep
ing. If they are going to build poultry
houses, I would advise them to build
a house not less than 8 by 12 feet of
almost any kind of lumber, then cover
the house, roof and all with at least
two, layers of roofing. Do not have
the windows on any side- but the south
ft you can help it Doors east or
south. Have plenty of windows on
the south and do not have them open
front if you do not want your birds
to lose their combs and wattles. Take
windows out in the summer. When
we have such intense cold as we have
had this winter, I shut up my birds
and do not let them get outdoors after
the, temperature gets as" low as 10 de
grees above zero. I do not open any
of the windows, for plenty of fresh
air will creep in anyhow when the
weather is Intensely cold. 'I seldom
have a chicken with the slightest cold
and they do not freeze their combs,
because my houses have two and three
thicknesses of roofing. I would not
advise any one to have over 20 chick
ens in a house 8x12 feet through the
winter for they would be too crowded
as I thing some of the chickens I saw
last Sunday were and" they could not
exercise in the cold air. Chickens
need warm air, warm feed and. warm
"Aa a town Improvement." .
"Do you aonalder a Jail A town lmprova-4
ment 7" - . j
"Wall, It ought to effect a soad many 1
Improvementa, anyhow." loutBvllla Cou-rlet-JaurnaL
"Do you mlsa the old excitement that
Crlmaon- Gulch offered before tha town.
'Not ao much,"' replied eroncno miu
"Prlcea have gone up ao that two buck
wheat cakee and a (fried egg aeem Ilka a
regular dissipation." Washington Star.
They were leaturlng tha young; aoapa
grace and told him he should ba mora
grateful to bis unole who had paid hia
"Tea, yea," he allowed coolly, 1 know
my uncle paid my creditors, but what haa
he dona for me?" Boston Transcript,
"la It true that the government la build
ing a new revenue cutter?"
"Hav you any Idea what they ara going
to name It t"
"Howdy do, Coualn Ellea. Me and tha
glrla have come to town to do aoma
shopping, and we thought we would atofj
and take lunch with you."
"Oh, I'm awful sorry. Cousin Amanda,
but this la one of our foodies! days." Bal
Mrs. Flatbush Wa have great team f
work at our house. i
Mrs. Bensonhurst Well, go on.
Mrs. Flatbosh My husband and tha dog
growl at the aama time. Tonkera States-
A T" . -n irii"ri ILV
iwriiun h la.Tear-Old Son of Omaha.)
Tha bells were a rlngln' merrily across tha
'Twas In tha Emerald Isle;- ao dear ta you
For the 27h Regiment or Micas irora
County Clare :
Drove 'em back for miles and miles In a
victory "over there."
The firing on tha front, they aald. was la
When the Irish received their order to nlaa
it "O'er the top." '
Their captain, Patsy Bryan, had Juat
7 climbed over when ha fell. ,
And this made the Irish rush tha Buna Ilk
demoqg fresh from- hell.
Tha sheila were flerca that day and how
cunning they did whtna
But they went "over tha top" that noon ta
avenge old Patsy Bryan.
Tha Irish were a gallant bunch and th
flghtln' was O. K.
And although they charged again and agara
thebattlo raged all day.
They finally bunched together and away
again they flew
At the low-down Hungarian whom they'd
resolved to chaw.
They smashed 'em and they bumped 'em
until they got a grip
And at last through the German lines they
fearlessly did rip.
Tha poor Germans, alaa! ware loft hi ttttav
While the Irish, God blesa 'am petroled
their new beftt.
LOGAN T. FINNBBTT.
Mr. Schneider Tells
How His Baby Was
Healed by Cuticura
''.When baby was cutting hia teeth
he suffered very much from milk crust
t commenced in the form of small
pimples about the ears and forehead
and it. turned into watery
pimples and finally info
nasty scales. The eruption
produced great irritation and
itching, and he was con
stantly scratching and cry
ing. Many a night we only
had three or four hours'
"I saw a Cuticura Soap and Oint
ment advertisement, and tent for a
free sample. I bought more, and when
I had used two and a half cakes of
Cuticura Soap and nearly two boxes
of Ointment he wts healed." (Signed)
Gus SchneiA-r, 1448 W. 15th St., Chi
cago, 111., August 17, 1917.
Clear the pores of impurities by
daily use of Cuticura Soap and occa
sional touches of Cuticura Ointment
Sample Each Free by Mail. Address post
card : Cutionra, Dept. H, Sottas." Sold
everywhere. Soap 25c Ointment 25 and 50c.
If F it is to be a Baby Grarid-
ano ot course von areo-oino-
.Ur 7 .7? S ' -or o
io put a piano m your nome ai
once in order that yourself and
the family may no longer be de
prived of the cheer of music you
must come in and see4he BRAM
BACH BABY X1R AND for $485.
Tou need pay only twenty
flte dollars when purchas
ing then fifteen dollars a
a. hospe cor
1513 Douglas St.
We Jake your old piano as part pay.
CHANGE OF HOURS
On Saturdays Wa Will Ba Open for Business From
8:00 A. M. TO 3:00 P. M.
NOT OPEN IN THE EVENING
February 12th, Lincoln's Birthday, and February 22d, Washington!
Birthday, Will Be Observed as Legal Holidays .
THE CONSERVATIVE SAVINGS & LOAN ASS'll.
v 1614 HARNEY STREET.
i . , m
f ' THE OMAHA BEE INFORMATION BUREAU
Washington, D. C. t ''
Enclosed find a 2-cent stkmn.' for which you will please send me, "
I entirely free, "German War Practices." " '
I Street Address
City State '. j
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